Device for automatic watering of plants

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the irrigation systems and can be used, in particular, for automatic watering of plants in garden sites and kitchen gardens. The device for automatic watering of plants includes a feeding tank with a siphon established on a mark of operation, starting chamber and evaporating tray. The feeding tank is supplied with cutout lever valve and an overfall tube. The starting chamber has the form of bucket and is executed with possibility of free rotationally oscillatory movement around pivotal axes between two fixed stops. The evaporating tray is established on the springs which have been put on dowels, fixed on the top edge of the feeding tank wall. The plunger is located rigidly on the evaporating tray connected pivotally with the lever of cutout valve. The valve is installed on the cutout valve entering and regulating water current. The overfall tube is connected to an irrigating network.

EFFECT: provision of rational use of water for plants watering.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to irrigation systems and can be used in particular for automatic watering of plants in gardens and vegetable gardens.

A device for automatic watering of plants containing reservoir with the installed siphon, the starting capacity with drive return to its original position and the evaporation tray (EN 2187927 C2, 27.08.2002). The evaporation tray is installed on the hinge and provided with a lever, managing latch starting capacity, and the overflow pipe height adjustable overflow. At one end of the evaporation tray installed the magnetic latch, and the other opposed with adjustable position. Also the device is equipped with a supply line, which is equipped with valves of the water in the supply tank and starting capacity, and shut-off float valve. The invention allows for the inclusion of irrigation depending on weather conditions.

The drawbacks are the complexity of the charging mechanism of the siphon and the dependence of the variability of irrigation on the rate of evaporation of water in the evaporation tray.

The technical result achieved in the implementation of this invention is the provision of rational use of water for watering plants.

This technical result is achieved in that the device for auto is practical watering plants, including the supply tank is installed in it at the level of operation of the siphon, filter capacity and evaporative tray according to the invention provided with a locking lever valve and overflow tube, filter tank has the shape of a bucket and made with the possibility of free rotation-vibrational motion around the hinge axis between the two limiters, evaporative tray is installed on the springs, put on studs fixed to the upper edge of the wall of the supply tank, the evaporation tray is stationary Cam, pivotally connected with the lever, shutoff valve, inlet shut-off valve has a valve regulating the flow of water, and the overflow tube is connected to the irrigation network.

The drawing schematically illustrates the proposed device for automatic watering of plants.

Device for automatic watering of plants contains the supply tank 1, which is set to trigger the siphon 2, output 3 from the supply tank connected with the irrigation system. On the supply tank 1 is also the starting capacity of 7, is free to rotate about the hinge axis 8, the check valve 10 which is connected through a lever system 5 and 6 with evaporating tray with cover 4 mounted on the springs 12 mounted on pins 13 and the overflow tube 14. Between the priori valve 10 and the supply line has a valve 11 a regulated supply of water in the supply tank. The starting capacity is a bucket, the side walls of which have a triangular shape.

The device operates as follows. Water required for watering plants, enters the device from the supply line. Water first accumulates in the supply tank 1, where it is heated to the temperature of the surrounding air, which is important to create comfortable conditions for heat-loving vegetables.

The rate of accumulation of water is determined by the frequency of watering and set the adjusting valve 11. The accumulation of water in the tank flows as follows. Water regulating valve 11 is first taken into the shutoff valve 10, which during normal operation is always open, and then starting in the tank 7. Center of gravity and the axis of the suspension 8 pad capacitance 7 are selected in such a way that it after each fill with water automatically tipped and emptied, and then automatically returns to its original condition to receive the next portion of water. This continues up until the water level in the supply tank 1 reaches the upper level of the siphon 2. Once this level is reached, the last portion of water to the siphon charges and runs. Water through the siphon enters the distribution network 3 and is watering the plants.

When the water level in the tank reaches the bottom is about the end of the siphon, the siphon discharges and irrigation ceases. A new cycle begins filling the tank with water.

To ensure reliable operation of the starting capacity 7 cyclic rotational-vibrational motion occurs only between the limits of 9.

The action of the device during and after rain. In the rain in the evaporation tray-lid 4 is accumulated rainwater. The mass of this water through the plunger 5 exerts pressure on the lever 6 shut-off valve 10, which closes the access of water from the supply line.

After the cessation of rain after a certain time, which is achieved by selecting the depth of the cover of the tank, the rainwater evaporates. Under the action of spring cover 12 of the supply tank rises up and pulls the plunger 5, the lever 6 and the valve 10, opening the way for the flow of water in the supply tank 1.

Thus, rhythmic watering plants in the rain stops automatically, and after the cessation of rain again automatically resumes.

Emergency mode, the device has an overflow tube 14, through which the water enters into the irrigation network.

Device for automatic watering of plants, including the supply tank is installed in it at the level of operation of the siphon, filter capacity and evaporative tray, characterized in that it subgenotyping lever valve and overflow tube, starting the container has the shape of a bucket and made with the possibility of free rotation-vibrational motion around the hinge axis between the two limiters, evaporative tray is installed on the springs, put on studs fixed to the upper edge of the wall of the supply tank, the evaporation tray is stationary Cam, pivotally connected with the lever, shutoff valve, inlet shut-off valve has a valve regulating the flow of water, and the overflow tube is connected to the irrigation network.



 

Same patents:

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2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

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3 cl, 14 dwg

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1 dwg

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3 dwg

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