Tobacco usage mode

FIELD: alimentary products, tobacco.

SUBSTANCE: suggested mode of tobacco usage consists in inhaling its aqueous extract produced when a heated gas mixture comes in contact with liquid extract. The latter fills the cavities and splits formed by the filler granules. Heated gases come in contact with the tobacco extract inside a vertical tube made of a fire-resistant material with its lower butt-end covered with net. The net is used for sucking heated gas mixture inside the tube and discharge of the extract overstock. The tube contains filler that is regularly imbibed with tobacco extract poured inside through the upper butt end. The heated gas mixture becomes sucked inside the pipe due to pressure differential resulting from the user inhaling the end product through the upper butt end.

EFFECT: reduced formation of toxic agents during smoking.

7 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to household appliances and is designed to satisfy vital human needs.

Still the main way of using tobacco is Smoking, but it is characterized by a fundamental disadvantage: along with the substances originally contained in the tobacco, during pyrolysis of polymers and semi-volatile substances and incomplete oxidation of various organic substances, there are many substances whose effects on the body ambiguously, at the same time, many of the original substance tobacco partly or completely destroyed (lost) (Smoking. Subtleties, tricks and secrets. Edited by Kida. the honey. Sciences Uwicore. The series of books "Your health". Moscow, CJSC "New publishing house, 2004).

On the principle of the present invention most closely to the traditional medical inhalers (Iverilog. Reference "Physiotherapy for treatment at home". Part 2. Means and methods of physiotherapy, p.92-106, "Inhalation therapy". Moscow, ACT, Astrel, 2003; Ngiculela, Tavakalov. Physiotherapy, 2nd edition-E. Chapter VII. "Inhalation therapy", str-155. Series "Medicine for You", Rostov-on-don, Phoenix, 2005), i.e. devices, volatile and hot water contained in it "volatile" (having a sufficiently high vapor pressure) of the substance.

However, such devices are quite complex is in practical application. Water (extract) must be boiled in the process, it quickly cools, the vapor concentration in the air we breathe is small, and the application of the device in the "street" (dynamic) conditions impossible.

The closest analogue of the claimed method is a method of tobacco use through inhalation of vapours passed through the liquid, through a vertical pipe (patent US 4044781, CL. A24F 1/14, 30.08.1977). This method does not provide sufficient security area.

The invention aims at preserving lightness and mobility inherent in the usual Smoking cigarettes to minimize the formation of "extra" substances, isprev the maximum number of source substances of tobacco.

This problem is solved due to the fact that the way of tobacco use by inhalation of its aqueous extract, which was produced using the direct contact of the hot gas mixture with a liquid extract, distributed in the voids and crevices formed between the grains of the filler and in which is held a sufficient quantity of the extract, the contact of hot gases and liquid tobacco extract is carried out in a vertical tube made of refractory material and closed at the lower end of the mesh through which the tube suck hot gas mixture, and when pouring extract flows it is zbytek, the tube is filled with filler, which periodically moisten the tobacco extract by pouring it through its upper end, and the hot gas mixture is sucked into the tube due to the pressure difference created by the user, sucking the finished product through the upper end of the tube.

In addition, the problem is solved and due to the fact that the filler is made of solid refractory material, insoluble in water, preferably mineral with a granule size of about 3 mm, or metal parts of various shapes, but of similar size; the vertical tube perform with a diameter of about 8 mm and a length of about 100 mm in the upper part of the vertical tube place the mixing chamber, in which through the regulator suck cold air, mixing with the bottom of the gas mixture, and the hot gas mixture is produced by the combustion of any liquefied gas or liquid fuel containing only the elements C, H and Oh, or hydrogen.

The problem is solved and due to the fact that as fuel is used isobutane, and combustion gas is used burner injector type with a free burning flame in the open air and located directly under the vertical grid of the tube.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows the device for implementing the method of use is the consumption of tobacco; figure 2 - scheme of the method.

To perform the described method, the author has produced a device that is schematically shown in figure 1. Its main part is a tube 1 with an inner diameter of 8 mm and outer diameter of 12 mm, tube length 100 mm tube bottom is screwed cap 2 with mesh face (6 holes with a diameter of 1 mm), and above the cap onto the tube 1 is put on the screen 9 (it is a round cover with a diameter of 70 mm and diffuses the hot gases from the burner, not allowing them to go straight along the tube 1, its overheating). The tube is filled with the filler 10. The filler is a particulate refractory material, insoluble in water, preference is given to minerals with a granule size of about 3 mm, but the use of metal parts of various shapes, but of similar size. On top of the tube 1 is screwed on the cap 3. Inside the hood 3 is the mixer chamber 4, in which through the channels 5 is sucked air (regulated by the screw 6). The camera connects to the fitting 7. Around the fitting fence is 8, which is filled with water to prevent overheating fitting and softening of the hose. All of the above parts are made of steel. The fitting is put clear hose from almost nephroses plastic connected with a plastic mouthpiece (almost nephrosis).

As filler for the device p and the practical experiments, the author used river pebbles, pre-fired in a gas flame (within 15-20 seconds) to remove peculiar smell, which was the source material.

An aqueous extract of tobacco for the described method is prepared as follows.

10 g of dry tobacco (the author used tobacco from cigarettes of different brands) were evenly distributed on the bottom of the 200-gram glass jars by the end of a metal spatula and filled in 30 ml of water at a temperature of 60°C, after which the layer of tobacco has been carefully aligned at the bottom of the cans with the same spatula (to improve impregnation of the leaves with water). After that, the Bank was tightly closed with a lid and left at room temperature to cool, and then left for another 10-15 minutes.

After this tobacco with the remaining free water was laid on standing on the Cup sieve with wire mesh (hole diameter of about 0.5 mm) and is pressed by a metal lid.

From a Cup of the extract was transferred into a glass test tube (it is desirable to close nephroma tube) and left to settle for about 1.5 hours. After that, the upper part of the extract (about 1/2) was carefully transferred into another container.

The device of figure 1 was fixed on a tripod 11, and under it installed laboratory gas burner 12, which through the gear 13 (standard reducer for propane cylinders) from the container 14 has been isobutane.

N is necessary to note, to prevent overheating of the steel of the device of figure 1, resulting in its normal operation can quickly be broken, lit the burner can be placed under the device only during puffs, in the intervals between them should be set aside.

To simplify (and speed up) when these operations, the combination of a vertical axis of the burner and the device based on the tripod, you can make the tabs position (for example, in the form of the protruding heads of the screws), resting in which the burner is located exactly underneath the device.

Before the experiment, the regulation screw (pos.6 figure 1) is opened at the maximum flow of air into the mixer, but in the course of the experiment, the author changed the mixing proportion.

The experiment started with the fact that the burner was installed in the Cup 15. The cap 3 (Fig 1) with the device removed, and the tube (previously completely covered with pebbles) through the funnel 16 filled extract until then, until it began to drip into the Cup 15 of the bottom grid of the device; the latter hanging on the net drop was removed with a cloth (to prevent burning). After that, place the Cup 15 was again installed the burner 12, and the distance from the top of its tube to the lower end of the device was about 25-30 mm After the ignition of the gas flame was adjusted so that its upper end a few weeks is not reached grid in the bottom of the device. It should be noted that this and similar tuning operation with a lit burner should be performed as soon as possible to prevent overheating.

After the operations described above begins the process of "Smoking".

Hot gases from the flame are sucked into the tube 1 under the action of pressure difference created by the user, sucking the finished product (gas-vapor mixture) through the upper end of the tube 1.

Passing through the tube 1, the hot gases come into contact with the liquid extract, and gradually cooled, first causes violent boiling (at the bottom of the tube 1), and then the "soft" evaporation (at the top). This process provides a fairly complete evaporation of the extract, while preserving the bouquet of aromas, typical of freshly prepared extract.

In the mixer 4 through the controller 6 is sucked clean cold air, the mixture is cooled and a portion of the vapor is condensed in space (forming a fog), and not on the inner walls of cold parts of the device, which minimizes loss of extract and ensures the supply to the lungs of the user sufficient of many nicotine to cause characteristic area condition (effect of nicotine on the nervous system). In addition, the influx of a number of clean air makes the "Smoking", reducing the drawbacks is to oxygen and the CO 2(from burner).

The gas burner 12 is burning freely in the open air (it would be shielded from the wind, but without breaking ventilation), while the upper end of the flame should not reach the bottom grid of the tube. An example of a fuel can serve as a 2-methylpropane (isobutane, under normal conditions, a pressure of about 2.5 ATM, tKip=-12°C), widely used in lighters and small gas devices. It is an attractive low pressure under normal conditions (cylinders lighters, as is known, plastic) and relatively low cost, but you can use any of liquefied gas and vapor liquid fuel (these fuels should not contain the molecules are no other elements except C, N and O) and hydrogen. The gas in the burner 12 (injection type) flows through the gear 13 (the gas pressure at the inlet of the burner should always be constant), and the injector should be calculated on the actual properties of the particular gas used; these measures provide the most complete combustion of gas.

At the first puffs felt a little cool, wet the mixture with a strong taste and smell of tobacco; then there is a characteristic "tobacco" feeling. Gradually, as the "area" of the inhaled mixture became drier and warmer, and the smell of tobacco is weaker. After moving some "barrier" (determined subject is but but may be determined by the humidity sensor) burner 12 has been turned off, and in its place again put the Cup 15. After cooling device to a warm state) with him again remove the top cap 3 and the tube 1 through the funnel to pour a new batch of extract (until drops from the bottom of the grid), then the top cap 3 screw on the tube 1, and the experiment ("Smoking") is repeated by the above method.

Further, this cycle was repeated several times (the author brought the number of cycles up to 4-5), with noticeable changes in the quality of the product (gas mixture) was not observed.

1. The way of tobacco use by inhalation of its aqueous extract, which was produced using the direct contact of the hot gas mixture with a liquid extract, distributed in the voids and crevices formed between the grains of the filler and in which is held a sufficient quantity of the extract, while the contact of hot gases and liquid tobacco extract is carried out in a vertical tube made of refractory material and closed at the lower end of the mesh through which the tube suck hot gas mixture, and when pouring extract flows down its excess, the tube is filled with filler, which periodically moisten the tobacco extract by pouring it through its upper end, and the hot gas mixture of Sadasiva the t-tube due to the pressure difference, created by the user, sucking the finished product through the upper end of the tube.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the filler is made of solid refractory material, insoluble in water, preferably mineral with a granule size of about 3 mm, or metal parts of various shapes, but of similar size.

3. The method according to claim 1, wherein the vertical tube is performed with a diameter of about 8 mm and a length of about 100 mm

4. The method according to claim 1, in which the top portion of the vertical tube place the mixing chamber, in which through the regulator suck cold air, mixing with the bottom of the gas mixture.

5. The method according to claim 1, in which the hot gas mixture is produced by the combustion of any liquefied gas or liquid fuel containing only the elements C, H and Oh, or hydrogen.

6. The method according to claim 5, in which the fuel is used isobutane.

7. The method according to claim 5, in which combustion gas is used burner injector type with a free burning flame in the open air and located directly under the vertical grid of the tube.



 

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