Vessel-dock

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: vessel-dock contains a dock chamber, a moving gate for closing the dock chamber, a ballast compartments provided by kingston valves and vent valves, adjustable support devices for vessels carried by the dock, a compressed air system connected to ballast compartments via pressure feed valves. The vessel-dock is equipped with extending stops to rigidly center a carried vessel, in particular, a submarine, a flying bridge arranged to move above the dock chamber, a remote control system to control an in-out motion mechanisms, installation and positioning of carried vessels inside the dock chamber and a set of load-lifting mechanisms.

EFFECT: increase of operating performances of the vessel-dock.

7 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to shipbuilding, in particular to the courts-docks.

Known floating structure consisting of pontoons and a set of modular units, which is intended for use in enclosed bays, seas, rivers and lakes as a space of cultural, administrative and industrial purposes, and for placement of garages, shops, factory shops and other floating objects, see patent No. 2043253 from 10.09.1995, the Disadvantages of this are similar to the complexity of the conversion of this building to use for another purpose, such as workshops for repair of courts, and the absence of the possibility of its use in the open sea.

Known cruise ship dock in patent No. 2085433 published 27.07.1997, the closest technical solution of the present invention containing the dock chamber, movable gate for closing the dock area, ballast tanks with sea inlets and valves ventilation, adjustable support device for a wearable vessels, as well as a system of compressed air, is connected by piping with the ballast chambers through valves pressure. The design of this vessel dock sufficient in relation to vessels of small tonnage during transportation in the operating point to operate in open sea conditions, however, the owls is renno is not adapted to receive a larger displacement of the vessels, for example, such as submarines, and especially for repair and handling.

The technical result of the invention is to improve the operational characteristics of the boat dock, consisting of:

- reduce the time of operation of call-out and improve the reliability of the fixing wearable ship in dock the camera,

- to improve the reliability of operation of the ballast system,

to provide fast repairs and handling operations

- automated software wearable vessel energy, ammunition and vital material supplies for the subsequent operation of the vessel in standalone mode.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that the ship dock, dock containing chamber, a movable gate for closing the dock area, ballast tanks with sea inlets and valves ventilation, adjustable support device for a wearable vessels, compressed air system, a trunk connected to the ballast compartments through the pressure valve, equipped with retractable stops, centering wearable ship in dock the camera, the remote control system mechanisms of call-out and installation of portable vessels in the working position inside the dock area, rocker lifting bridge installed over the dock camera with displaced who I along it, and complex lifting mechanisms for renovations and the acquisition of equipment wearable objects, in particular submarines.

The purpose of this invention is the provision of a full complex of works repair and rehabilitation and handling for submarines in the Autonomous navigation in open sea or in conditions unequipped-based.

For this design the ship dock is designed so that the ballast compartments are the right and left sides of the ship dock, berth-deck - plate, the movable gate and the ends of the ballast compartments form an aft end and a fore part of the ship is an add-in which in addition to the ship control systems-dock placed the remote control system of mechanisms of call-out and installation wearable vessel in its operating position inside the dock area, production and maintenance services, support services, toplivozapravochnykh complex storage for ammunition, as well as rehabilitation facilities for the crew wear ship. On the dock the camera is moving along it, loose-leaf bascule bridge, and in the aft and fore parts - lifting mechanisms arrow type.

Movable gate dock camera unlike the prototype is made double, that reduces the time of their opening or closing.

When entering a submarine in dock chamber for placing it in the working position is provided by the mobile support device, performing the role of lodgement along the entire length of the boat, and retractable lugs installed on dock walls ballast compartments, centering the object and rigidly fixing its position relative to the median plane of the dock area. All operations and work mechanisms during entry, exit, and install into position wearable vessel, in particular a submarine, produced and controlled by the remote control system.

Complex lifting devices necessary for carrying out the repair work and the operations of loading and unloading of ammunition, is located above the dock deck and includes a bridge, and installed in pairs on both sides in the aft and fore parts of the dock area cargo cranes swept design

For carrying out lifting operations along the entire length of wear of the vessel bridge made with the possibility of longitudinal movement on the dock of the camera, and the mounting ends of the bridge are equipped with devices testirovanie (fixation) in each work location. To ensure smooth passage and installation working in the e position of wear of the vessel in the dock bridge made lifting can be rotated in a vertical plane relative to the attachment point of one of its installation ends to dock the camera. In the travelling position the bridge closes the upper end of the vessel walls, increasing its rigidity and the construction as a whole.

Each of the cargo cranes arrow-shaped design made with the possibility of rotation about the vertical axis to hold them in place on the dock the camera in the travelling position.

A distinctive feature of the ship dock in this invention is the inclusion in the composition of its complex lifting mechanisms placed in the forward part of the superstructure of the vessel, the device quick loading torpedo tube of a submarine.

To ensure reliable operation of the ballast system of the ship dock in the offline mode of its operation in addition to the compressed air system in each ballast compartment has a redundant system filling-draining pumps associated with sea water. The compressed air system is equipped with quick couplings with external customers, in particular with the shipboard system high pressure air (VVD) accepted the submarine.

The technical solution proposed in the invention is represented by:

figure 1 - General view of the ship-dock from above;

figure 2 - section a-a ship dock (in the plane of the frame);

figure 3 - position of the vessel dock relative to the waterline at different stages of the dive and ascent for the ode output, and installed in working position wearable vessel.

Boat dock includes (1) case 1, the sides of which form the ballast compartments 2 and the aft end of the movable gate 3, the space between the flanges forms a dock the camera 4, the support elements 5 (figb) berth-deck 6 with 7 mooring (figure 1) and side retractable lugs 8 zentrums wearable vessel 9. For ballast tanks and 2 above dock camera 4 is installed bridge 10 with the axis of rotation 11 and the node testirovanie (commit) 12, and truck cranes 13. In the front part of the superstructure has a device 14 for loading torpedo tubes (operation), and the location of the ship-dock storage of ammunition, devices maintenance and operation are separated from the dock area sealing flap 15. To complete the ammo in the fore part of the hull dock provides the hatch 16.

In each of the ballast compartments 2 is kingstons 17 (figa) and valves ventilation 18, and the valve ventilation 18 are located in the upper part, and sea valves 17 in the lower part of the ballast compartments 2. The vessel is equipped with remotely controlled pumps (not shown)associated with sea water for filling-draining each ballast compartment.

In case 1 ship dock organized system of compressed air (not labeled)includes a source of compressed air and trunk pipeline system with valves the pressure and outputs in the ballast compartments 2.

In the fore part of the ship-dock is an add-19 (figure 1, 2)in which all services necessary for the maintenance, repair and equipment wear of the vessel, in particular a submarine, as well as control systems, including remote, work serving ballast tanks systems, complex equipment, and lifting mechanisms.

Input and output carry of the ship on the ship-dock are as follows.

In the initial position of the ballast compartments 2 (figb) mainly dry, sea valves 17 (figa) are closed, the valves ventilation 18 are open, the movable gate 3 closed.

When preparing the ship dock to receive the wear of the vessel 9, in particular a submarine (SUBMARINE), command (program) processor unit (not shown)that controls the sequence and duration of opening of the Kingston valves 17, ballast compartments 2 and dock the camera 4 by gravity partially filled with water (Fig. 3A), the boat dock protoplanets on an even keel and no roll. Movable gate 3 is open. When closed kingstons 17 pumps ballast tanks are filled with sea water, dock camera 4 gravity well is filled with water to a level that ensures the sunset in her submarine 9 (2) open when the movable gate 3.

Submarine in dock the camera: opened "a stretch" mooring 7 (IG), the processor unit served the team for a partial discharge by gravity through sea valves 17 with open valves ventilation, boat dock podplyvaet and PL "sits" on the support elements 5 (figb)installed on the berth-deck 6. Retractable stops 8 finally centruy and fix the SUBMARINE hull dock in the chamber 4.

Then taking into account sensor pitch and roll (not labeled) on the control program defined by the processor unit, the ballast compartments 2 (figb) pumps to remove water (if necessary for quick draining of the ballast compartments may be used VVD), boat dock floats, PL occupies its working position in the dock the camera for repair works and equipment and ammunition. The water from the dock area 4 goes through the open gate. Then they closed.

After execution of scheduled and loading and unloading operations with open valves 18 (figa) program open sliding gate and sea valves 17. Water flows by partially fills dock the camera and ballast tanks 2 (figa). For the final protopine ship dock when closed sea inlets 17 and open the valves 18 ventilation pumps, water is supplied to the ballast compartments (figure 2). The submarine can exit the dock area.

For these operations the top h is STI ballast compartments 2 on dock camera 4 is installed:

- bridge - crane 10. To skip the SQUARE it is made rotatable about the axis 11 and with the possibility of longitudinal movement along the vessel. To lock it in position and made camp sites testirovanie 12;

cargo cranes 13 arrow-shaped design set with a possibility of rotation about the vertical axis of the pin and placed in pairs on both sides of the dock area 4 in the aft and fore ends.

To change ammo DPS at the bow dock for sealing from the dock area 4 sash 15 posted by device 14 quick loading ONE through which valnerina shields and the front cover SUBMARINE torpedo tubes (figure 1 shows the axis of loading) loads a pre-made at the ship dock through the hole 16 and the distributed devices internal transport on the trays on the shelves of ammunition. The munition with the help of carriage is entered in THE (figure 1 not shown). To avoid gathering ammunition from the line of loading extra support tray 20.

Simultaneously with the loading of ammunition can be carried out such operations on DPS gear as:

- battery recharging;

- submission of the VVD in the ship system;

- check water make-up and making ready the hydraulic system;

- repair protective against akusticheskogo surface coatings PL;

- testing of sonar systems;

- testing of steering gear, propulsion motor complex;

download stocks of fuel, food and other vital supplies.

Thus, the positive effect of the invention "Boat dock" is:

- qualitative reduction in training time SQUARE to soakudo;

- service capabilities of PL in the absence of near coastal patrol base infrastructure;

- stealth maintenance operations;

- resource conservation boat systems and equipment;

- transport SUBMARINE in shallow water, rivers, canals etc.;

- possible alternate service of several SQUARE one vessel dock.

The presence in the superstructure of the ship-dock-developed domestic infrastructure - residential premises, power supplies, Wellness and recovery gyms, communications and so on - allows you to quickly change crew PL.

The proposed boat dock provides quality and reducing the time and cost of delivery work, including range firing.

Boat dock can be equipped also necessary for self-defense weapons.

1. Boat dock, dock containing chamber, a movable gate for closing the dock area, ballast the e compartments, equipped with Kingston valves and valves ventilation, adjustable support device for a wearable vessels, compressed air system, a trunk connected to the ballast chambers through valves supply pressure, characterized in that boat dock is equipped with retractable stops, hard-centering wearable vessel, in particular a submarine, in the above-mentioned dock the camera, rocker lifting bridge, installed with the possibility of longitudinal movement on the dock of the camera, the remote control system of mechanisms of call-out, installation and positioning wearable vessels in the working position inside the dock area, as well as complex lifting mechanisms.

2. Boat dock according to claim 1, characterized in that the lifting rocker bridge is configured to rotate in a vertical plane relative to the attachment point of one of its ends to dock the camera.

3. Boat dock according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the mounting ends of the bridge are equipped with devices testirovanie (commit).

4. Boat dock according to claim 1, characterized in that in addition to the compressed air system is equipped with pumps installed in each ballast compartment and running sea water.

5. Boat dock according to claim 1, characterized in that the compressed air system is equipped with quick couplings with external will consume the roles.

6. Boat dock according to claim 1, characterized in that the lifting mechanisms of the complex in the form of arrow-shaped valves in pairs placed in the bow and stern dock chambers, each with a possibility of rotation about the vertical axis of consolidation.

7. Boat dock according to claim 1, characterized in that the complex lifting mechanisms are equipped with devices quick loading torpedo tube of a submarine.



 

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