Stand-alone lighter

FIELD: lighting.

SUBSTANCE: stand-alone lighter is made up of, at least, one light source connected by means of an element to control the energy release from an accumulator and photoelectric converter, therefore a stand-alone lighter is equipped with a sensitive element for the lighting control, connected photoelectric converter and connections for the control energy supply. A stand-alone lighter can be equipped with an extra voltage step down transformer according to the reactive resistance circuit, can be connected in parallel to a sensitive element for the lighting control, and also can be equipped with a matching element connected too the accumulator.

EFFECT: increasing work period: ensuring automatic switching on and off of a light source.

5 cl, 1 dwg

 

Stand-alone illuminator relates to a device lighting and is designed to be used mainly in emergency situations in the absence of conventional (stationary) lighting.

Known lighting device containing the photoelectric Converter and connected to each other through the corresponding contacts of the switch of the battery and the light source, the pulse increases the voltage regulator associated with the photoelectric Converter and a driver of charge current pulses (see the description of the invention EN 2256845, CL F21S 19/00, published 20.07.2005).

A disadvantage of the known device is an insufficient period of his work in the operation, as well as the lack of automatic control on and off of the light source.

The technical result of the proposed invention is to increase the period of his work, as well as providing automatic control on and off of the light source.

The technical result of the proposed invention is achieved by performing an offline illuminator of the at least one light source associated with him through the element for controlling power supply to the battery and PV inverter, while stand-alone illuminator equipped with senses the positive element to control light, is in parallel with the photoelectric Converter and associated with the element for controlling the energy supply.

In addition, a stand-alone illuminator may be provided with a step-down voltage Converter, made by the scheme reactance, connected in parallel to the sensitive element to control light containing a diode rectifier and stabilizer voltage level.

In addition, the light source may be a led, or incandescent, or fluorescent or energy-saving lamp.

In addition, a stand-alone illuminator may be provided with a matching element connected to the battery.

The invention is illustrated in the drawing, which schematically shows the connection of Autonomous elements of the illuminator.

Stand-alone illuminator includes at least one light source 1, the element 2 to control the power supply, through which the light source 1 is connected rechargeable battery 3 and serves as a switch designed to control supply of power to the light source 1 from the battery 3 and connected through the element 2 to control supply of energy from the light source 1 and the battery 3 PV inverter 4, designed for power in the daytime when PT is accurate natural lighting voltage and current, required for charging the battery 3. Stand-alone illuminator contains is in parallel with the photoelectric Converter 4 and is associated with the element 2 to control the power supply to the sensing element 5 to control lighting that is used to control the lighting in the location of the PV inverter 4 and the signal transmission element 2 to control the power supply to switch the battery 3 mode supply voltage to the light source 1 in the off mode voltage from the source 1 of light and Vice versa. In a variant the execution of stand-alone illuminator to provide recharging of the battery 3 from the fixed current source in the circuit inputs associated with the rechargeable battery 3 step-down Converter 6 voltage performed by the circuit reactance and containing additionally a diode rectifier and stabilizer voltage level (not shown). Also in a variant version to use stand-alone illuminator as a source of emergency power he additionally has an output voltage from the battery 3 through the associated matching element 7 which represent additional connectors.

By reducing the light (decreasing voltage on autoelectrician Converter 4 is below a predetermined threshold value) stops the flow of current through the sensing element 5 for light control, activating the light source 1. With the resumption of current flow through the sensing element 5 for controlling the illumination of improving light (increasing voltage to the photoelectric Converter 4 is above a predetermined threshold value) is performed automatically turns the light source 1.

As the light source 1 can be used with led or incandescent, or fluorescent or energy-saving lamp.

Element 2 to control the energy source can be, for example, the switch transistor type or relay type.

The sensing element 5 for light control is designed to determine when a source 1 of light in the dark with a lack or an artificial or natural lighting.

The principle of operation of the sensing element 5 for light control is as follows:

when sufficient light, the photoelectric Converter 4 has an output voltage sufficient to trigger the sensor element 5 for light control. As a sensitive element 5 for light control can be used parametric voltage regulator (Zener diode), entered in the circuit of the photoelectric Converter 4, which if exceeded, the application is connected to it the values of the voltage Zener, begins to conduct an electric current. Flowing through the sensing element 5 for light control current is locking element 2 to control the energy source that causes it to close and thus shut down the source 1 of light;

- by reducing the light below a predetermined threshold value, the voltage at the output of the photoelectric Converter 4 also decreases and becomes lower than the operation voltage (voltage stabilization) of the Zener diode. Thus the current through the Zener diode stops and, consequently, stops the locking current to element 2, to control supply of energy, which opens and energizes the light source 1.

Thus, the use of stand-alone illuminator with the above characteristics can be used in case of disconnection of stationary lighting functionally unlimited time. Stand-alone illuminator automatically turns on (lights) with the onset of night-time and off in the morning - while increasing the illumination on the photoelectric Converter, so it requires no external influence from the consumer to turn it on and off. Stand-alone illuminator is able to obtain additional battery charging from a stationary outlet, he's quite the part of economical and has a long life time of the glow, and can also be used as a source of backup power to ensure the work of various external electrical consumers.

1. Stand-alone illuminator containing at least one light source associated with it by the element for controlling power supply to the battery, and the photoelectric transducer, characterized in that it contains sensitive element for controlling the light switched on in parallel with the photoelectric Converter and associated with the element for controlling the energy supply.

2. Stand-alone illuminator according to claim 1, characterized in that it is equipped with step-down voltage Converter, made by the scheme reactive resistance is in parallel with the sensor for light control.

3. Stand-alone illuminator according to claim 2, characterized in that the step-down voltage Converter further comprises a diode rectifier and stabilizer voltage level.

4. Stand-alone illuminator according to claim 1, characterized in that the light source is an led or an incandescent lamp, or a fluorescent light or energy saving lamp.

5. Stand-alone illuminator according to claim 1, characterized in that it has a matching element connected with the battery and the clerk for filing, however, is certain energy external customers current.



 

Same patents:

Lighting unit // 2256845

FIELD: autonomous light sources.

SUBSTANCE: device can be used as autonomous transformer-free type light radiation source being able to work as fed by an ac general circuit power supplies and by dc supply (on-board automobile circuit) and solar batteries having small surfaces to be illuminated. Device has photo-electric converter and storage batteries and light source connected to each other by corresponding contacts of switch. Device also has pulse step-up voltage regulator which has input connected with photoelectric converter. Output of voltage regulator is connected to charge current pulse former. Output of pulse former is connected with corresponding terminal of the converter mentioned above which intends for providing supply of charge current to storage battery. According to the other version of the realized device, output of voltage regulator is connected with current adder through charge current voltage regulator to provide connection of the adder to storage battery through mentioned switch.

EFFECT: reduced cost of electric lamp; simplified exploitation.

8 cl, 3 dwg

Lighting device // 2029909

Lamp cartridge // 2014556

FIELD: the invention refers to searchlights.

SUBSTANCE: the searchlight with Frenel's lens with a regulated angle of aperture of coming out beam of light has preferably an elliptical reflector, a lamp and at least one Frenel's lens. The Frenel's lens has a diffuser, at that the diffuser is fulfilled of round form and is located only in the center of the Frenel's lens or the diffuser is fulfilled with changing degree of dispersion in such a way, that more powerfully dispersed fields are located in the middle of the diffuser and fields dispersed in a less degree are located along its edge. The Frenel's lens with the diffuser form a system of light displacement which changes the share of dispersed light in relation to the share of geometrically and optically projected light and thus changes correlation of light displacement as a function of installing a searchlight with Frenel's lens and also has a real point of focusing of a reflector removed from the reflector. The Frenel's lens is a flat-convex lens with chromatic corrected properties of projection. The covering of the Frenel's lens has a system of dielectric interference layers that changes the spectrum of light passing through it. An auxiliary reflector is installed between the Frenel's lens and the reflector.

EFFECT: provides high degree of effectiveness of obtaining of even coming out of light.

17 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: light engineering.

SUBSTANCE: searchlight comprises Fresnel lens with controlled aperture of output beam, elliptical reflector, lamp, and at least one Fresnel lens. The distance between the Fresnel lens and reflector can be changed depending on the distance between the lamp and reflector according to the controlled angle of the aperture of the searchlight beam. The Fresnel lens has circular diffusion screen mounted at the center of the lens. The Fresnel lens and the screen define a system for shifting light, which allows the fraction of the diffused light to be changed, and the Fresnel lens has real point of focusing that can be set in coincidence with the focusing point of the reflector. The reflector focusing point is located far from the reflector. The Fresnel lens represents a flat-convex collecting lens and has double lens with chromatic-corrected projection properties. The coating of the Fresnel lens has a system of dielectric interference layer that changes the spectrum of the light passing through it. The auxiliary reflector is interposed between the Fresnel lens and reflector.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

19 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: electric engineering; mine lamps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to portable lamps with built-in storage batteries, particularly, to explosionproof head lamps for use in mines. Proposed lamp has storage battery, light, electronic device connected to light and charging contacts connected to storage battery. Electronic device has electronic switch and electronic switch control circuit. One of charging contacts is connected to output of electronic switch. Lamp is furnished with timer connected to control circuit, circuit to determine presence of charging voltage across electronic switch output and circuit to measure voltage drop across electronic switch in process of battery charging whose inputs are connected to output of electronic switch, and outputs, to input of control circuit.

EFFECT: provision of control of battery charging according to chosen algorithm, increased service life of storage batteries.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: outdoor lighting fixtures for functioning in the dark.

SUBSTANCE: proposed outdoor lighting fixture supplied with power from solar battery and wind-electric power unit has vertical post and overhanging support lever that mounts single module. The latter accommodates oscillatory wind-electric power unit installed between solar energy powered lamps incorporating photoelectric panels, storage batteries, control units, and light-emitting diode strips and electrically connected to lamp batteries.

EFFECT: ability of off-line operation and environment lighting at night.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering, particularly devices preventing sparking of machines or apparatus used in chemical, oil refinery, gas-processing, metal mining industries, of portable equipment provided with built-in storage batteries, for instance mine lamps.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises electronic key to be connected to electrical consumer, control switch to control electronic key, overcharge signaling sensor and commutation signaling sensor, which are made as transformers, "OR" circuit, trigger, voltage doubler, integrating circuit and voltage divider. The device additionally has controller and monostable multivibrator.

EFFECT: simplified structure along with increased sensitivity and extended functional capabilities.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: the invention refers to illuminating mine equipment for individual use.

SUBSTANCE: the mine lamp for individual use has in a quality of a source of light a matrix of light diodes installed in a headlight, a connecting cord and two blocks of accumulator batteries located in a helmet in a position counterbalancing the headlight. At that the mine lamp is provided with a mechanical current generator located on the rear exterior side of the helmet in its center with possibility of its removal and is connected with the light diode headlight with the aid of a spiral wire through a condenser-capacitor.

EFFECT: possibility of getting emergency lighting in a mechanical way in case of breaking or complete discharging of the main feeding elements (accumulator batteries).

1 dwg

FIELD: lighting equipment.

SUBSTANCE: device with control device has emission source, diffuser, electric outputs. Emission source has at least two light diodes of different colors with given space distributions of emission and localized in space as at least one group, board and control device, containing programmed channels for separate control over emission of light diodes of each color by feeding periodically repeating power pulses, lengths of which for light diodes of different color are independent from each other, while relations of lengths of period of power pulse, its increase front, decrease and pause are determined for light diodes of each color. Diffuser, inside which board with light diodes is positioned, is made at least partially enveloping the area of effect of emission of light diodes of emission source.

EFFECT: better aesthetic and emotional effect, close to optimal psycho-physiological effect of decorative multicolor lamp with vastly improved gamma of color effects, resulting in hypnotizing effect, increase of its attractiveness, efficiency, and broadening of its functional capabilities and addition of new consumer functions, lower costs and simplified usage.

20 cl, 15 dwg, 1 tbl

The invention relates to lighting mining equipment for individual use

The invention relates to lighting mining equipment for individual use

FIELD: lighting equipment.

SUBSTANCE: device with control device has emission source, diffuser, electric outputs. Emission source has at least two light diodes of different colors with given space distributions of emission and localized in space as at least one group, board and control device, containing programmed channels for separate control over emission of light diodes of each color by feeding periodically repeating power pulses, lengths of which for light diodes of different color are independent from each other, while relations of lengths of period of power pulse, its increase front, decrease and pause are determined for light diodes of each color. Diffuser, inside which board with light diodes is positioned, is made at least partially enveloping the area of effect of emission of light diodes of emission source.

EFFECT: better aesthetic and emotional effect, close to optimal psycho-physiological effect of decorative multicolor lamp with vastly improved gamma of color effects, resulting in hypnotizing effect, increase of its attractiveness, efficiency, and broadening of its functional capabilities and addition of new consumer functions, lower costs and simplified usage.

20 cl, 15 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: the invention refers to illuminating mine equipment for individual use.

SUBSTANCE: the mine lamp for individual use has in a quality of a source of light a matrix of light diodes installed in a headlight, a connecting cord and two blocks of accumulator batteries located in a helmet in a position counterbalancing the headlight. At that the mine lamp is provided with a mechanical current generator located on the rear exterior side of the helmet in its center with possibility of its removal and is connected with the light diode headlight with the aid of a spiral wire through a condenser-capacitor.

EFFECT: possibility of getting emergency lighting in a mechanical way in case of breaking or complete discharging of the main feeding elements (accumulator batteries).

1 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering, particularly devices preventing sparking of machines or apparatus used in chemical, oil refinery, gas-processing, metal mining industries, of portable equipment provided with built-in storage batteries, for instance mine lamps.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises electronic key to be connected to electrical consumer, control switch to control electronic key, overcharge signaling sensor and commutation signaling sensor, which are made as transformers, "OR" circuit, trigger, voltage doubler, integrating circuit and voltage divider. The device additionally has controller and monostable multivibrator.

EFFECT: simplified structure along with increased sensitivity and extended functional capabilities.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: outdoor lighting fixtures for functioning in the dark.

SUBSTANCE: proposed outdoor lighting fixture supplied with power from solar battery and wind-electric power unit has vertical post and overhanging support lever that mounts single module. The latter accommodates oscillatory wind-electric power unit installed between solar energy powered lamps incorporating photoelectric panels, storage batteries, control units, and light-emitting diode strips and electrically connected to lamp batteries.

EFFECT: ability of off-line operation and environment lighting at night.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: electric engineering; mine lamps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to portable lamps with built-in storage batteries, particularly, to explosionproof head lamps for use in mines. Proposed lamp has storage battery, light, electronic device connected to light and charging contacts connected to storage battery. Electronic device has electronic switch and electronic switch control circuit. One of charging contacts is connected to output of electronic switch. Lamp is furnished with timer connected to control circuit, circuit to determine presence of charging voltage across electronic switch output and circuit to measure voltage drop across electronic switch in process of battery charging whose inputs are connected to output of electronic switch, and outputs, to input of control circuit.

EFFECT: provision of control of battery charging according to chosen algorithm, increased service life of storage batteries.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: light engineering.

SUBSTANCE: searchlight comprises Fresnel lens with controlled aperture of output beam, elliptical reflector, lamp, and at least one Fresnel lens. The distance between the Fresnel lens and reflector can be changed depending on the distance between the lamp and reflector according to the controlled angle of the aperture of the searchlight beam. The Fresnel lens has circular diffusion screen mounted at the center of the lens. The Fresnel lens and the screen define a system for shifting light, which allows the fraction of the diffused light to be changed, and the Fresnel lens has real point of focusing that can be set in coincidence with the focusing point of the reflector. The reflector focusing point is located far from the reflector. The Fresnel lens represents a flat-convex collecting lens and has double lens with chromatic-corrected projection properties. The coating of the Fresnel lens has a system of dielectric interference layer that changes the spectrum of the light passing through it. The auxiliary reflector is interposed between the Fresnel lens and reflector.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

19 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: the invention refers to searchlights.

SUBSTANCE: the searchlight with Frenel's lens with a regulated angle of aperture of coming out beam of light has preferably an elliptical reflector, a lamp and at least one Frenel's lens. The Frenel's lens has a diffuser, at that the diffuser is fulfilled of round form and is located only in the center of the Frenel's lens or the diffuser is fulfilled with changing degree of dispersion in such a way, that more powerfully dispersed fields are located in the middle of the diffuser and fields dispersed in a less degree are located along its edge. The Frenel's lens with the diffuser form a system of light displacement which changes the share of dispersed light in relation to the share of geometrically and optically projected light and thus changes correlation of light displacement as a function of installing a searchlight with Frenel's lens and also has a real point of focusing of a reflector removed from the reflector. The Frenel's lens is a flat-convex lens with chromatic corrected properties of projection. The covering of the Frenel's lens has a system of dielectric interference layers that changes the spectrum of light passing through it. An auxiliary reflector is installed between the Frenel's lens and the reflector.

EFFECT: provides high degree of effectiveness of obtaining of even coming out of light.

17 cl, 5 dwg

Stand-alone lighter // 2324105

FIELD: lighting.

SUBSTANCE: stand-alone lighter is made up of, at least, one light source connected by means of an element to control the energy release from an accumulator and photoelectric converter, therefore a stand-alone lighter is equipped with a sensitive element for the lighting control, connected photoelectric converter and connections for the control energy supply. A stand-alone lighter can be equipped with an extra voltage step down transformer according to the reactive resistance circuit, can be connected in parallel to a sensitive element for the lighting control, and also can be equipped with a matching element connected too the accumulator.

EFFECT: increasing work period: ensuring automatic switching on and off of a light source.

5 cl, 1 dwg

Up!