Air duct assembly

FIELD: construction, particularly vertical ducts for receiving utility lines.

SUBSTANCE: air duct assembly comprises air duct member having height corresponding to that of each floor or several building floor heights. The air duct members may be connected one over another so that they form single fire-protective space separated into several compartments and extending through several stories. Air-duct member has at least one longitudinal partition, which separates air-duct member interior into two separate fire-resistant soundproof chambers.

EFFECT: elimination of labor-intensive duct assemblage stages, possibility of duct transportation.

8 cl, 4 dwg

 

The invention relates to vozduhovodnom construction for such embedded technical elements of residential buildings, such as pipes, ducts and electrical devices, etc.

In a modern block building, in various sectors of the construction industry are widely used prefabricated elements, which are assembled on the construction site known technological methods. In contrast, the fabrication of technical systems left behind prefabricated building technical products. Technical systems for buildings are assembled on the construction site almost as much as it did 50 years ago, i.e. after mounting housings and intermediate floors of buildings. In other words, pipes, ventilation ducts, electrical wires and other embedded technical elements of buildings measure and cut to a suitable length on site, and then assembled and connected to each other in certain parts. At the final stage of the project implementation mounted terminal equipment.

The problem with the previous solutions is that they are time-consuming to implement. An example of a composite part, time-consuming to implement, are cutting (layers of insulation between the furnace walls and or floors), forming a fire-resistant compartments located in the intermediate overlap is on the site.

The objective of the invention is to develop vostokovedenie construction to eliminate the drawbacks of the prior art. This is achieved through the development vozduhovodnogo structures in accordance with the invention. Vostokovedenie structure according to the invention is characterized in that it contains vostokovedenie element, whose height corresponds to the height of each floor or several floors of the building, and vostokovedenie items made with the possibility of mounting one on top of another so that they form a uniform flame retardant space divided into compartments and spanning several floors.

The most significant advantage of the invention is that it eliminates the time-consuming stage of the work associated with the known technical solutions. For example, cutting, forming fire resistant compartments that are difficult to implement on the site, you can completely eliminate from the intermediate floors. In other words, the inner section vozduhovodnogo space, for example, in a residential building is a uniform soundproof fireproof compartment, the height of which varies in accordance with the height of the building. Vostokovedenie elements are delivered to site fully equipped, and therefore the site is only soy is inania elements with each other. This eliminates any difficult and time-consuming stage of the works associated with the known technical solutions. Another advantage of the invention is due to the fact that, since the duct in the preferred embodiment, can be divided, for example, on two separate fireproof soundproof technical compartment, you can completely eliminate heat and sound insulation, for example, from ventilation ducts that provides much more space for these boxes. An additional advantage of the invention is its flexibility, since it guarantees a variety of additional mounting possibilities and a correction is the preferred way.

Below is a more detailed description of the invention as applied to a preferred variant of its execution by means of drawings, on which:

figure 1 is a perspective view with a spatial separation of parts of the building, where applicable vostokovedenie structure corresponding to the invention;

figure 2 - design, according to figure 1, the view from the second direction;

figure 3 - design according to figure 1 and figure 2, the view from the third direction;

figure 4 - structure according to Fig 1 to 3, in the assembled state.

1 to 4 schematically illustrate part of the building, where applicable vostokovedenie structure corresponding to the invention. The hour is building, depicted in figure 1-4 may be, for example, a private bathroom located in the apartment.

Bathroom, depicted in the example, the respective drawings, constructed on the intermediate overlap formed by the hollow core slabs. The floor of the bathroom consists of a floor element 2 and the wall of the wall elements 3, 4, 5. The dimensions and characteristics of the above-mentioned elements, such as properties of sound insulation, you can choose according to need. For example, the thickness of the floor element is determined in accordance with the location of the toilet, size of the bathroom and what type of heating system is provided on the floor - electrical based or water circulation. Pipe connecting branch sewers can be laid either through the wall using dvooborotna water shutter, either through grazing element if the solution involves a pump. The toilet and other bathroom facilities not shown. These elements can be connected with each other in any suitable manner.

A substantial part of technical solutions, corresponding to the invention, i.e. vostokovedenie item marked position 6. Vostokovedenie element is a node having the same height as each floor or several floors of the building. In the example, the corresponding drawings, in which duhovochnyj element 6 extends from the floor of the bathroom to the ceiling, and vostokovedenie elements 6 each floor in accordance with the basic idea of the invention made with the possibility of mounting one on top of another in such a way that these vostokovedenie elements form the uniform fire space divided into compartments and extending on several floors, but without division into compartments specifically for intermediate ceilings. This uniform fire space divided into compartments and formed vostokovedenie elements 6 may extend over two, three, four or more levels, depending on the needs. In a particular preferred embodiment of the present invention vostokovedenie elements 6 are made with the possibility of formation of the uniform fire space, divided into compartments and extends the full height of the building. In particular, figure 4 clearly shows how the duct, consisting of vostokovednyh elements 6, extends over several floors.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the above-mentioned uniform fire space divided into compartments, can be performed also with regard to the technical aspects of soundproofing.

All embedded technical elements of buildings, i.e. pipes, ducts and electrical devices are placed in the space section is hinnon into compartments and formed by vozduhovodnogo element, in order to ensure that necessary maintenance and repair and replacement throughout life. You can equip vostokovedenie element 6, one or more service doors or one or more suitable hatches.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention vostokovedenie element 6 can be equipped with at least one longitudinal concrete wall 7, which divides the inner space vozduhovodnogo element, at least two separate fireproof soundproof technical compartment. Thanks to this arrangement of ventilation ducts can completely eliminate heat and sound insulation, which provides much more space for these boxes. The above embedded technical elements for buildings, such as pipes, ducts and wiring for electrical devices and devices for information technology, and for phones and antennas, as well as control devices and measuring devices, etc. associated with buildings marked positions 8 and 9.

The rear wall vozduhovodnogo element 6 performs the function of the supporting structure, so that the duct can be performed as part of a concrete wall, which forms the compartments. Elements of electrical inputs, etc. that have passed technical tests on onesto the bone and sound proofing, can be used in conjunction with single branches, diverging from the risers and ducts located in the duct, and in this case, the elements of electrical inputs do not decrease the time of the fire. In the process of manufacturing pipe for water under pressure can be equipped with a chute designed to collect any water leaks in order to avoid causing sudden damage to the building.

When the fire tests conducted by the technical research Centre of Finland (VTT), it was found that the time of fire-resistant construction, described above, is 125 minutes.

Vostokovedenie elements 6 made in the form of pre-equipped nodes prefabricated, i.e. these vostokovedenie elements are delivered to site fully equipped with embedded technical elements for buildings, and in this case, on-site only connect vostokovedenie elements with each other.

Vostokovedenie element 6 can be produced, giving it a different shape, for example in the form of L-shaped or U-shaped products, which are used in different applications. L-shaped vostokovedenie element used in applications where the bathroom is limited to a thicker wall, divided into compartments, between the living quarters. Accordingly, the U-shaped vostokovedenie element use prilojeniya, where a bathroom is not limited to the partition, divided into compartments, between the living quarters.

The ducts are made of vostokovednyh elements 6 can be placed in the wall is divided into sections, between residential premises in the stair space in accordance with the design provided by the architect. Thus, the duct can be positioned in such a way that it will be in the stair space, in the space of a dwelling or in the middle between the stair space and space accommodations. As mentioned above, the duct can be divided into two parts, such as space for ventilation ducts and electrical wiring and space for pipes with a concrete wall on the inside of this element.

For example, a service door or to a service hatch, installed or installed in the battery Bay with the possibility of opening in the stair space, can be placed in the space for the pipe duct formed vostokovedenie elements. Space for ventilation ducts and/or electrical devices provide inspection and/or service hatches in the appropriate places, for example on the lower floor and on the top floor, or - alternatively - on each floor, and in this case, the space air is gadfly, you can optionally enter a transaction for electrical systems in accordance with need or you can make changes to an existing transaction.

As noted above, in accordance with the individual characteristics of each building project in ducts can accommodate various technical facilities for buildings, such as water mains, sewer pipes, air intake and exhaust ducts, risers heating pipes, shut-off valves and control valves highways, and water meters. In addition, the duct can be mounted vent hoods for radon and sewer pipes for rain water, and in places it is possible to install gutters to collect water leaks.

Vostokovedenie elements have dimensions in accordance with the need and in accordance with the various existing modular systems.

Vostokovedenie items made with the possibility of installation in accordance with any principle known from the technology of prefabricated elements, for example, by tower crane - in the case of installation in accordance with the standard methods of construction related to the installation of prefabricated elements.

The invention has been described above, associated with a standard residential building. However, this invention is in no way limited to residential buildings, as applicable, in particular, the office and industrial premises. The invention is applicable to the construction of new buildings and renovation of existing C is any. In addition, vostokovedenie element corresponding to the invention is in no way limited to the decision, which is illustrated as an example in the drawings, but may be embodied in the form of other solutions. Of course, that the measured parameters and sizes vozduhovodnogo element can easily be changed in accordance with need.

1. Vostokovedenie construction for such embedded technical elements of residential buildings, such as pipes, ducts and electrical devices containing vostokovedenie element (6), whose height corresponds to the height of each floor or several floors of the building, and vostokovedenie elements (6) are designed to mount on top of one another so that they form a uniform fire space divided into compartments and extending on several floors, and vostokovedenie element (6) is equipped with at least one longitudinal partition wall (7)which divides the interior space into two separate fireproof soundproof compartment.

2. Vostokovedenie structure according to claim 1, characterized in that vostokovedenie elements (6) are made with the possibility of formation of the uniform fire space, divided into compartments and extending to a height of the building.

3. Vostokovedenie structure according to claim 1, otlichayas the same time, what vostokovedenie element (6) is equipped with a service door or office door.

4. Vostokovedenie structure according to claim 2, characterized in that vostokovedenie element (6) is equipped with a service door or office door.

5. Vostokovedenie structure according to claim 1, characterized in that vostokovedenie element (6) made in the form of site that is factory fabricated and pre-equipped with technical facilities for buildings.

6. Vostokovedenie structure according to claim 2, characterized in that vostokovedenie element (6) made in the form of site that is factory fabricated and pre-equipped with technical facilities for buildings.

7. Vostokovedenie structure according to claim 3, characterized in that vostokovedenie element (6) made in the form of site that is factory fabricated and pre-equipped with technical facilities for buildings.

8. Vostokovedenie structure according to claim 4, characterized in that vostokovedenie element (6) made in the form of site that is factory fabricated and pre-equipped with technical facilities for buildings.



 

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Air duct assembly // 2320835

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