Inhaler

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: inhaler has catalytic burner, fuel balloon 6 containing hydrogen, said balloon being connected to burner, reservoir 15 for inhaling additives such as aromatic substances and/or functioning substances, at least one inlet 2 for oxygen-containing gaseous mixture, preferably for air, and at least one outlet 3 for inhaling mixture containing aromatic substances and/or functioning substances.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and convenient usage of inhaler.

13 cl, 1 dwg

 

The present invention relates to an inhaler new type.

Inhalers are mainly used in medical or therapeutic purposes and depending on the destination have different design.

For example, there are inhalers for withdrawal from the area, consisting of a mouthpiece and tip and having an air channel, in which you can insert a capsule with nicotine. In such inhalers nicotine is released from the containing capsule under the effect of air flow that occurs when inhaling through the mouthpiece. The advantage of such inhalers is that their use is in contrast to Smoking cigarettes or cigars does not affect the indoor climate, and thus does not create a nuisance to third parties, and accordingly does not have a negative impact on their health. Therefore, these inhalers are especially suitable for use by smokers in places where Smoking is prohibited, such as in airplanes. It is obvious, however, that the inhalers of this type has the drawback consisting in the fact that the released nicotine continues to harm the health of the smoker. In addition and feelings from inhalation aerosol inhalation is almost not comparable with the sensations that occur with Smoking cigarettes or cigars, as the person inhales cool under all conditions the air, and because there is no is via it's own smoke, the smoker receives no comparable to Smoking traditional tobacco pleasure.

From DE 19854009 A1 famous sharetoday inhaler, the advantage of which over traditional cigarettes is that it is not a source of nuisance to third parties cigarette smoke (side stream smoke). In this famous inhaler aerosol is generated by heating of the special substrate. Necessary for such heat gain in the flameless catalytic combustion of gaseous butane, pentane or ISO-propanol. The resulting gaseous products of combustion or are ejected or absorbed in a flow channel of the inhaler and added to inhale the aerosol. However, when the combustion inevitably emits toxic to the user of the inhaler, respectively, for third parties, substances such as carbon monoxide.

Other inhalers, which are intended for medical purposes to treat diseases of the respiratory tract or colds are filled or filled with water heated tank, to which is attached a nozzle for nasal inhalation or mouthpiece. Fills the specified capacity of the water can be mixed with essential oils or pharmaceutical active substances when heated water evaporate along with it and thereby it is possible to breathe together with water vapor. As the source is the infrared heat in the inhalers of this type typically used with electric heating spiral operating from AC power and plug-in this case, the household wall outlet or DC and plug-in this case, for example, to a car battery. The lack of such inhalers is their bulkiness. In addition, such inhalers because of the need to connect them to an external source of electricity may not apply everywhere.

The same disadvantages have and inhalers, generating inhalation aerosols from solutions containing pharmaceutical active substances. For generating aerosols are mainly used devices of two types, namely, ultrasonic aerosol sprays and pressurized aerosol dispensers. The ultrasonic atomization of the solution is placed into the aerosol driven in oscillatory motion under the action of ultrasonic waves by a membrane, and when the pressure of the spray solution is placed into the aerosol passing under pressure through the nozzle.

Based on the foregoing, the present invention was used to develop the inhaler new type, which could be used for the purposes described above and which would not have the above disadvantages inherent in the known inhalers.

This problem is solved using the proposed in the invention of the inhaler with analiticheskoy burner, capacity for inhalation additives such as aromatic substances and/or active substances, at least one inlet for oxygen-containing gas mixture, primarily for air, one output for containing aromatic substances and/or active substances inhalation mixture, and coupled with a catalytic burner that contains the hydrogen fuel canister.

The basic idea of the invention is to be used for containing aromatic substances and/or active substances inhalation mixture not only produced during the catalytic combustion of hydrogen electric energy, but also the resultant gaseous products of combustion. Thus, in particular, the heat of the gaseous combustion products can be used for heating inhalation additives, for example, by heating the containing vessel. Heat the gaseous combustion products can also be used to heat the inhalation mixture, the advantage of which is to increase its available for vapor absorption capacity, thus allowing transfer this mixture of active substances in higher concentrations compared to the cold inhalation mixture. Simultaneously, the gaseous products of combustion can be submitted directly to the inhalation mixture, as such form is iesa by the combustion of hydrogen gases do not contain any harmful substances.

The presence of these differences is due to a number of advantages. Thus, in particular, zapisywanie inhaler electricity provided from the catalytic burner allows you to make it independent of external power sources. Required for operation of the inhaler electricity generated in the catalytic combustion of hydrogen, which is environmentally friendly character as a product of combustion of hydrogen is only a harmless water vapor that is used even for the transfer of aromatic and active substances. Used fuel (hydrogen) is thus not only a source produced during its combustion energy, but also a source of a carrier medium (gaseous combustion products) aromatic, respectively, of active substances.

In principle proposed in the invention, the inhaler may have a construction in which when using the inhaler flow of warm gaseous products of combustion, optionally together with the surrounding air will pass through inhalation containing substances capacity and capture inside the inhalation additives. Inhalation additives/ingredients depending on their type can be presented in liquid or in solid powder form. When using inhalation what's additives in liquid form they can get into the flow of the gaseous combustion products in the form of vapor, volatilisation from the surface containing the liquid. When using the same inhalation additives in solid form they are when passing through the aspirator flow of gaseous products of combustion in the corresponding direction and at a corresponding speed can be captured them with education in the inhalation of the mixture in the form containing solid particles of the aerosol.

As a catalytic burner, it is advisable to use the fuel cell due to the opportunities offered to them simple controlled management occurring in chemical reactions. Modern fuel cells have high efficiency and can be constructed in which the number of passing along catalytic membrane fuel cell air automatically regulates the amount passing through hydrogen ions.

In a preferred embodiment of such used as a catalytic burner of the fuel element, it is proposed to give the spiral wound type solenoid shape. By adding the fuel element is similar to the spiral wound type solenoid forms not only significantly reduced its dimensions, and thus the amount of storage space, but also automatically formed an air channel through which the y can be oxygen, respectively containing gas mixture.

Using dissolved in water or other solvents inhalation additives is preferably not only because of the more simple dosing compared to dosing inhalation powder additives, but also for the reason that of the direction of flow of the gaseous combustion products and its speed does not impose any requirements or are only minor requirements. Another advantage of the inhaler may, depending on the specific design manifest in the fact that, with appropriate concentration inhalation additives in the solution does not require any additional regulation of the supply of these additives to the inhalation mixture.

Proposed in the invention of the inhaler in a preferred embodiment, can be operated from the catalytic burner heating element for evaporating inhalation containing additive solution, in which the result will be contained in the inhaled mixture in the form of steam. As such a heating element can be used, for example, electric heating coil, placed in containers for inhalation solution additives.

However, in these same purposes you can use a heat exchanger that provides heat transfer gaseous products from the orania inhalation solution additives.

Proposed in the invention, the inhaler may also be working from the catalytic burner nozzle for aerosol spray solution, especially ultrasonic spray or air spray. Based aerosol spray solution under pressure may be two different principle. Required for pressure atomizing inhalation solution supplements the pressure in the containing vessel may be created by heating of the solution or, preferably, by a compressor. A pressure can be used, for example, and additives; solvents with less in comparison with water boiling point that allows you to create containing solution inhalation additives capacity sufficient pressure while supplying thereto a small amount of heat. In this case, by the controlled supply of heat to the solution containing inhalation additives capacity can be adjusted value created in her pressure, and thus to manage the process aerosol spray solution.

In another preferred variant proposed in the invention, the inhaler has an additional can of water, and running from the catalytic burner heating element for evaporating the water. In this case, there is no need to get all inhalation mixture in catalytic mountains is the LCA. Moreover, emitted during the combustion of the hydrogen heat can be used for heating in an extra bottle of water and turn it into steam and then to admix it to coming out of the catalytic burner water vapor.

In another preferred variant proposed in the invention, the inhaler has a controller for dosed supply of aromatic substances or active substances in the inhaled mixture.

It is preferable to further perform the fuel spray, as well as all other capacity, removable and/or multiply charged. This enables long-term use of the inhaler.

The proposed invention of the inhaler preferably further consider located along the stream before exiting the mixer for mixing the inhalation mixture with the surrounding air. In this case, the user can according to their own needs to dispense the amount of inhaled them inhalation mixture.

Proposed in the invention of the inhaler preferably also be equipped with a flow regulator through the fuel cell oxygen. Associated with such control, the advantage is most pronounced in the case when each use of the inhaler, the amount they formed by inhalation mixture should remain on the constant in time, i.e. in the case when the inhaler according to its functional purpose corresponds to the conventional inhaler used for medical purposes.

In addition, we offer in the invention, the inhaler may have a mouthpiece. This mouthpiece can be performed, for example, the type of mouthpiece for cigarettes and may be used primarily in those inhalers, which issued inhalation mixture inhale only through your mouth. Instead of a mouthpiece at the output of the nebulizer is also possible to provide a mask that when using the inhaler is applied to the face and simultaneously closes the mouth and nose.

The electric current generated in the process of catalytic combustion, primarily in the fuel element can also be used for various purposes. Thus, in particular, it can be used for zapisywania electric heating spiral, intended for heating of additives or water. It can be used for zapisywania light source. Such a light source may be included, for example, when the inhaler. When used as proposed in the invention of the inhaler as a substitute for cigarette Smoking the habit of Smoking or Smoking of the product new type of light source can be used to simulate the glow arising from the decay of a cigarette or cigar.

Common to all VA is Ianto embodiment of the invention, that offered him the inhaler can be used offline, regardless of the presence or absence of external power sources. Proposed in the invention of the inhaler allows, in addition, to get warm, causing a pleasant sensation when inhaled inhalation mixture, to obtain which if necessary can also be used in the products of combustion of fuel and heat.

Below the present invention is described in more detail with reference to the accompanying description of the drawing, which in the example shown one possible embodiment of the proposed invention of the inhaler and which helps to explain how it works.

The inhaler, the basic design of which is shown attached to the description of the drawing, has an elongated hollow cylindrical housing 1 with an inlet 2 for air and an outlet 3 for inhalation mixture. At the output 3 of the hollow body is provided a replaceable mouthpiece 4. Inside the hollow of the housing 1 coaxially he is a tubular element with the wall 5, which covers filled with hydrogen as the fuel spray 6 is basically cylindrical shape, the bottom of which is directed to the input 2 for air and flue hole to the exit 3 of the hollow body.

Between the wall 5 of the tubular element and the inner wall of the hollow housing 1 there is arranged the data coaxially them and radially spaced from them and from each other, the inner 7 and 8 outer membrane, together forming the fuel (fuel) element. Enclosed between both of these membranes 7, 8 cavity 9 closed gas-tight with her facing to the input of the 2 sides. Were converted to yield 3-side chamber 9 communicates with the flue hole of the fuel cartridge 6 through the valve 10 to open or close the connection over which the fuel cartridge 6 into the cavity 9 is fed a stream of hydrogen.

Formed between the inner wall of the hollow body 1 and the outer membrane 8, and between the inner membrane 7 and the wall 5 of the tubular element channels 12, 13 from their end, which converts to input 2, communicated with him through the annular air filter 14. At their opposite end of these channels end in which is located along the stream before the release of 3 mixing chamber 11 (the connection formed between the inner membrane 7 and the wall 5 of the tubular element channel 12 and mixing chamber 11 not shown).

Inside the fuel spray 6 coaxially it is the capacity for inhalation additives, in particular a cylindrical canister with 15 active substances in the form dissolved in a liquid, such as water, inhalation additives. The base of the cartridge 15 with active substances rigidly fixed to the bottom of the fuel spray 6. For output function is their substances from the container 15 is provided by the tube 16, which passes through the gas hole of the fuel spray 6 in the mixing chamber 11 and ends in your outlet. This is addressed to the mixing chamber 11 and the outlet tube 16 relief valve 17. Inside containing active substances of the container 15 has a piston 18 is pushed in the direction of the tube 16 resting on the bottom of the container 15 by the spring 19. Under the influence of such created by the piston pressure solution inhalation additives is displaced in the tube 16.

In the tube 16 is a spiral 20 heat for evaporation containing inhalation of liquid substances. The coil 20 of the filament, as well as other optional components, such as compressor for spraying liquid under pressure or ultrasonic evaporator is supplied with electric current from the membranes 7, 8 of the fuel element.

From fuel cell electric current is supplied, in addition, two mounted on the wall 5 of the battery 21. Electric current from the battery 21 or electric shock, directly produced by the fuel cell, electricity is not shown in the drawing, the regulator, who with the help of valve 10 regulates the flow of hydrogen. In addition, the inhaler may be provided with a not shown in the drawing, an electric connector for connection of tragicomically, which can be powered by electric current either directly from the fuel cell or battery.

Inhalation is necessary to take by mouth the mouthpiece 4 of the inhaler and be drawn into the aspirator air through the inlet 2. Thus drawn into the inhaler, the air flow pass through the membranes 7, 8, and responds to them with hydrogen, which is accompanied by the formation of water vapor and a mixture of air and water vapor.

Simultaneously produced during the chemical reaction of the fuel element, electric current is supplied to the spiral of heat, which vaporizes in the tube and containing an inhalation of the additive liquid. Due to evaporation of the liquid increasing pressure opens the relief valve 16, through which thereby can escape the steam therein inhalation additives. The steam mixes in the mixing chamber 11 to a mixture of air and water vapor formed as a result consisting of air, water vapor and inhalation additives mixture, which can be inhaled through the mouthpiece.

For long-term use of the inhaler of the fuel cartridge 6 and the container 15 for active substances it is advisable to perform replacement and for these purposes Rethimno to connect them with the inhaler or to provide for their repeated refuelling, R is respectively a solution of the active substances. For this purpose, the hollow cylinder can be provided, for example, has a valve socket into which you can screw the fuel spray 6, optionally together with containing active substances of the canister 15.

It should be noted that there are many other variants of the structural design working from the catalytic burner pump, allowing the same success to implement underlying his work is the idea. Thus, in particular, membranes, fuel canister and canister for active substances, as well as air channels do not have to be coaxial to each other.

Similarly we proposed in the invention of the inhaler may provide additional control or regulatory mechanisms. Thus, in particular, despite the fact that currently fuel cells are mostly self-regulating, depending on the flow rate supplied to them air flow, depending on the particular purpose of use of the inhaler may require regulation of hydrogen supply. In addition, proposed in the invention of the inhaler can include adjustable depending on, for example, temperature and/or relative humidity of the air in the mixing chamber of the mixture of air, water vapor and inhalation additives supply light is his air for cooling this in the mixing chamber of the mixture. It is obvious that in some cases are required cooling in the mixing chamber of the mixture can be used and the heat exchanger.

1. An inhaler having a catalytic burner, capacity (15) for inhalation additives such as aromatic substances and/or active substances, at least one input (2) for oxygen-containing gas mixture, primarily for air, and one output (3) for containing aromatic substances and/or active substances inhalation mixture, characterized in that it is connected with a catalytic burner containing hydrogen fuel canister (6).

2. The inhaler according to claim 1, characterized in that the catalytic burner is a fuel cell (7, 8).

3. The inhaler according to claim 2, characterized in that the fuel cell (7, 8) has a spiral wound type solenoid form.

4. The inhaler according to claim 1, characterized in that the inhalation additives presents dissolved in water or another solvent.

5. The inhaler according to claim 4, characterized in that it has working from the catalytic burner heating element (20) for evaporation inhalation containing additive solution.

6. The inhaler according to claim 4 or 5, characterized in that it has working from the catalytic burner nozzle for aerosol spray solution, especially ultrasonic the spray or air spray.

7. The inhaler according to claim 1, characterized in that it has an additional can of water.

8. The inhaler according to claim 1, characterized in that it has a controller for dosed supply of inhalation additives to the inhalation mixture.

9. The inhaler according to claim 1 or 7, characterized in that the fuel canister (6) and all other containers (15) is made removable and/or multiply charged.

10. The inhaler according to claim 1, characterized in that it is located along the stream before exiting (3) mixer (11) for mixing ambient air to the inhalation mixture.

11. The inhaler according to claim 1, characterized in that it has a flow regulator through the fuel cell oxygen.

12. The inhaler according to claim 1, characterized in that it has a mouthpiece (4).

13. The inhaler according to claim 1, characterized in that it has working from the catalytic burner light source.



 

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