Method and device for artistic working of surface

FIELD: working surfaces.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises moving the tool according to a specified program in two mutually perpendicular planes and rocking the tool in the transverse direction.

EFFECT: improved method and simplified structure and sizes of device.

4 cl, 4 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of decorative art, and in particular to methods and devices for material processing and manufacturing, in particular, implementation of the relief images, ornaments and pictures on a high artistic level.

There is a method of artistic surface treatment, consisting in the surface treatment of specialized tools, installed rotatably around its axis and simultaneously moving according to a given program synchronously with the workpiece in the horizontal direction (see RF patent and 2181669, CL VV 3/00, 27.04.2002 - similar and prototype).

Here described and device for artistic surface treatment, comprising a fixed bed, a work Desk, a movable frame and a mechanism for feeding workpiece mounted on the movable frame of the spindle shaft which is mounted the tool for processing.

The disadvantage of this method of artistic surface treatment is the inability to eliminate defects on the machined surface during processing.

The technical result of the way the art of surface treatment is to eliminate defects on the machined surface during processing.

The disadvantage of this device for implementing the method is the impossibility of eliminating defects in processing Tannoy surface during its processing, the large size of the device and the complexity of the design.

The technical result of the device is the elimination of defects on the machined surface during processing, reducing the size of the device and simplification of the structure.

In the way of artistic surface treatment is achieved that when the surface treatment using removable decorative spindles with tools or with high-speed rotor, a stationary spindle and a fixed finishing the spindle and the axis of rotation of the decorative spindle with the tool or with a high-speed rotor are oriented at different angles to the workpiece, and moving the decorative spindle with the tool or with a high-speed rotor carried out according to a given program in two mutually perpendicular planes simultaneously swing in the transverse direction, while the processing of the workpiece is carried out in a specific sequence, starting with the formation of the main profile of the workpiece by means of a stationary spindle, decoration ornament and/or picture by decorating the spindle with the tool or with a high-speed rotor and ending with the processing profile of the workpiece and ornament and/or figure fixed by the finish of the spindle.

In the device of the artistic treatment of the surface is achieved that t is m, as spindles used interchangeable decorative spindles with tools or with high-speed rotor, a stationary spindle with the tool to form the primary profile of the workpiece and the fixed finishing spindle to produce the final profile of the workpiece and the pattern and/or pattern, and it contains interconnected through a universal joint stationary plate and a movable plate with a set of servos to move the hinge shaft and for displacement in a horizontal plane to a vertical axis of rotation of the lever, mounted on the reverse side relative to the location of a cardan hinge, movable plate and connected with the platform with interchangeable decorative spindle with the tool or with a high-speed rotor set with providing the ability to move according to a given program in two mutually perpendicular planes and swing in the transverse direction, and decorative spindle associated with installed on the movable plate of the engine, mounted with the possibility of rotation of the shaft, the axis of which is located closer to the axis of rotation of the arm around the horizontal axis of the universal joint or located with the possibility of a match with her in the axis of the universal joint, it contains a pneumatic cylinder attached through the steam of the bottom hinge to the platform to compensate for the weight of the platform with decorative spindle with the tool or with a high-speed rotor tool and contains vertically spaced servo with push rods connected by means of ball bearings with the platform to allow the installation of decorative spindle with the tool at an angle to the workpiece or high-speed rotor with the tool at an angle to the workpiece, back and forth, from himself to himself and turning around its vertical axis and horizontal servo with push rod connected through a ball joint with the platform.

And on the desktop under decorative spindle installed insert of low friction material, having a movable clamp plates of different width and shoulder from a material with low friction, established at the level of the table by providing the possibility of limiting the movement of the workpiece width and to allow lowering of the spindle with the tool below the level of the table without damaging and beyond the edges of the blank in the body of the plate without damaging the edges of the workpiece.

POI on each spindle with both sides installed quick pinch rollers of different width for pressing the workpiece to the table and to eliminate vibration during processing.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where:

1 shows a device for the art of surface treatment, General view,

F. the Data2 - the node displacements of the vertical axis with the motor and the tool,

figure 3 - node displacement vertical axis,

4 is a view As in figure 3.

Device for artistic surface treatment includes a stationary frame 1, Desk 2, the movable frame 3 mounted on it with a node offset the vertical axis.

On the movable plate 4 displacement node, which is connected with the fixed plate 5 cardan joint 6, the reverse side is fixed through the bearing arm 7 tool connected to the platform 8 and a removable decorative spindles 9 with tools or with high-speed rotor 10. On 4 mobile and stationary 5 plates installed servos 11 to move the hinge shaft 6 and the displacement of the vertical axis of rotation of the lever 7.

On the movable plate 4 is fixed to the motor 12 through a belt drive 13 causes the rotation of the interchangeable spindles 9. To the platform 8 with interchangeable spindle 9 by means of ball bearings attached to the upper ends of the push rod, the push actuators 14, 15, and horizontally pushing the actuator 16. From the bottom to the platform 8 is attached with a ball joint pneumatic cylinder 17, which compensates the weight of the platform 8 with the spindle 9 and the tool to achieve the maximum frequency of oscillation of the tool, until the vibration level, and to ensure high performance.

Karbochem table 2 symmetrically under the spindle 9 is installed insert 18 is made of antifriction material, allows you to enter the tool (cutter) for the edges of the workpiece 22 and to fall below the level of table 2 and having a movable clamp plates of different width and shoulder from a material with low friction, established at the level of the table 2 with the possibility of limiting the movement of the workpiece 22 in width and to allow lowering of the spindle 9 with the tool below the level of table 2 without damage to and beyond the edge of the workpiece 22 in the body of the plate without damaging the edges of the workpiece 22.

On the movable frame 3 is also installed stationary spindle 19, which form the main profile of the workpiece, and still finish (output) spindle 20, which form the final profile and ornament products, as well as on each spindle 19, 9, 20 on both sides of his set quick pinch rollers 21 different width for pressing the workpiece 22 to table 2 and to eliminate vibration during processing.

Operates the device for the art of surface treatment as follows.

Before beginning processing of the workpiece 22, the tool spindle 9 are set with the help of pneumatic cylinder 17 on the desktop 2.

The workpiece 22 through the feed mechanism and the feed pressure rollers 21 is fed into the working zone of the first stationary spindle 19, which is formed by the basic profile of the workpiece 22.

For the eat the workpiece 22 is filed under decorating the spindle 9 with cutting mills or high-speed rotor 10. And here is the view of the ornament and/or picture will depend on combinations work 16 horizontal and vertical 14, 15 servos, the speed of rotation of the tools and the feed speed of the workpiece 22.

Using vertical 14, 15 servo spindle 9 can be set at an angle to the workpiece 22, and the rotor 10 can be set at an angle, back and forth, from yourself to yourself, and to rotate around its vertical axis.

By means of the actuators 11, mounted on 4 mobile and stationary 5 plates, moves the universal joint 6, thereby shifting the vertical axis of rotation of the lever 7 in the horizontal plane and bringing this POI cutter in the center of the pattern on the workpiece 22 than completely eliminates the distortion of the pattern, as in this case, the cutter performs on the surface of the workpiece 22 is symmetrical pattern and/or pattern.

The device can operate without fixed spindles 19, 20, as self-fulfilling patterns and/or designs on the blanks that already have corresponding profiles.

Thus, the invention eliminates the defects on the processed surface, reduces the weight of the device, simplifies the design, performance improves, the quality of the processing surface of the workpiece with obtaining an unlimited number of ornaments, patterns and artistic designs.

Industrially applicable is here

The invention can be used in the manufacture of highly textured images on various materials using this method and device.

1. The way of artistic surface treatment, consisting in the surface treatment of specialized tools, installed rotatably around its axis and simultaneously moving according to a given program synchronously with the workpiece in the horizontal direction, characterized in that the surface treatment using removable decorative spindles (9) with tools or with high-speed rotor (10), a stationary spindle (19) and still finish spindle (20), and the axis of rotation of the decorative spindle (9) with the tool or with a high-speed rotor (10) are oriented at different angles to the work piece (22), and moving decorative spindle (9) with the tool or high-speed rotor (10) is done according to a given program in two mutually perpendicular planes simultaneously swing in the transverse direction, while the processing of the workpiece (22) is carried out in a specific sequence, starting with the formation of the main profile of the workpiece (22) through a stationary spindle (19), decoration ornament and/or picture by decorating spindle (9) with the tool or high the working rotor (10) and ending with the processing profile of the workpiece (22) and an ornament and/or figure fixed by the finish of the spindle (20).

2. Device for the art of surface treatment, comprising a fixed frame (1), Desk (2), movable frame (3) and the feed mechanism of the workpiece (22)mounted on the mobile frame (3) spindles on the shaft which has tools for surface treatment, characterized in that as the spindles used interchangeable decorative spindles (9) with tools or a high-speed rotor (10), a stationary spindle (19) with the tool to form the primary profile of the workpiece (22) and still finish spindle (20) to form the final profile of the workpiece (22) and an ornament and/or picture, and it contains interconnected through a universal joint (6) the stationary plate (5) and the sliding plate (4) with the set of servos (11) to move the hinge shaft (6) and for displacement in a horizontal plane to a vertical axis of rotation of the lever (7), mounted on the opposite side, relative to the location of the universal joint (6), the movable plate (4) and connected with the platform (8) with interchangeable decorative spindle (9) with the tool or with a high-speed rotor (10)set with capability of moving according to a given program in two mutually perpendicular planes and swing in the transverse direction, and decorative spindle (9) is associated with installations is authorized on a movable plate (4) engine (12), fixed for rotation of the shaft, the axis of which is located closer to the axis of rotation of the lever (7) around the horizontal axis of the universal joint (6) or located with the possibility of a match with her in the axis of the universal joint (6), while it contains a pneumatic cylinder (17), attached via a ball joint from the bottom to the platform (8) to compensate for the weight of the platform (8) with a decorative spindle (9) with the tool or with a high-speed rotor with the tool, and includes vertically spaced actuators (14, 15) with the push rods connected by means of ball bearings platform (8) to allow the installation of decorative spindle (9) with the tool at an angle to the workpiece or high-speed rotor (10) with the tool at an angle to the workpiece, back and forth, from himself to himself and turning around its vertical axis and horizontal actuators (16) with the pusher rod is connected through a ball joint with a platform (8).

3. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that on the desktop (2) decorative spindle (9) is installed insert (18) is made of antifriction material having movable clamp plates of different width and shoulder from a material with low friction, established at the level of the table (2) with capability to limit peremesheniya just the Cai (22) in width and to allow lowering of the spindle (9) with the tool below the level of the table (2) without damage to and beyond the edge of the workpiece (22) in the body of the plate, without damaging the edges of the workpiece (22).

4. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that on each spindle (19, 9, 20) on both sides installed quick pinch rollers of different width for pressing the workpiece (22) to the table (2) and to eliminate vibration during processing.



 

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