Method for producing of relief surface and apparatus for performing the same

FIELD: relief surface forming process and equipment.

SUBSTANCE: method involves orienting axis of rotation of tools at different angles relative to blank; moving tools in three mutually perpendicular planes.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in elimination of defects from worked surface and increased service life of tools.

18 cl, 7 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of decorative treatment, and in particular to methods of finishing products and, in particular, to the implementation of the relief surfaces, images.

A method of obtaining relief surface, which consists in the processing surface of the workpiece sharpened in figure profile cutting tools by rotating them around their own axes while moving according to a given program synchronously with the workpiece in the horizontal direction (see RF patent №2181669, CL VV 3/00, 27.04.2002 - similar and prototype).

Here described and device for obtaining relief surface, comprising a fixed bed and a work table mounted on the frame movable frame and the mechanism for feeding workpiece mounted on movable platforms spindle motors, the shafts of which are mounted cutting tool for machining the workpiece surface.

The disadvantage of this method of obtaining the relief surface and device for its implementation is the inability to eliminate defects on the machined surface during processing.

The technical result of the claimed method of obtaining relief surface and device for its implementation is the elimination of defects on the processed surface, associated with the possibility of receiving recesses clearly you are the Agen boundaries.

The way this is achieved in that the method of obtaining the relief surface on a product, which consists in the processing surface of the workpiece sharpened in figure profile cutting tools by rotating them around their own axes while moving according to a given program synchronously with the workpiece in the horizontal direction, the axis of rotation of the tools are oriented at different angles to the workpiece, the movement of the tools is carried out in three mutually perpendicular planes, one of which is parallel to the surface of the workpiece while the workpiece is performed in a given program, when the feed speed of the workpiece is equal to zero, processing movable cutting tools operate on separate sites continuously, and fixedly mounted cutting tools during movement of the workpiece reduces the speed of its rotation synchronously and in accordance with the feed speed of the workpiece up to zero.

In the device dostigaetsja that device to obtain relief surface on a product containing a fixed bed and a work table mounted on the frame movable frame and the mechanism for feeding workpiece mounted on movable platforms spindle motors, the shafts of which are mounted cutting tools for machining the surface is ti billet, contains mechanisms for movement in three mutually perpendicular planes of one or more spindle motors with regulation of their speed, move the spindle motor according to one of the coordinates coincides with the direction of feed of the workpiece and the spindle motor is performed by enabling secure and retain a rotary or cutting unit or in the form of a mandrel for securing the other spindle-motor or in the form of a mandrel for securing the platform with his servo to allow high-frequency movements in the vertical direction high-speed spindle motor.

In the device above the workpiece set pressed by a pneumatic drive feed rollers covered with undamaged surface of the workpiece material, for example polyurethane, under the workpiece symmetrically and below each of the upper feed roller is set lower metal feed rollers, biasing the rod pneumatic cylinders so that the lower feed rollers slightly protrude above the surface of the table and their position relative to the surface of the table is made adjustable by using limiters, while the force of clamping the workpiece to the table recorded piezometric sensor connected to the lower feed roller to eliminate friction of the workpiece on the table, and all feeding roles and kinematically connected to each other in the feeding mechanism to bring in the action of the servo, managed by the program.

The entire unit servo drive with a spindle motor installed on the movable frame and are made with movement in a vertical plane, both independently and with the mobile itself, and with the feed rollers.

Tools for the application of the relief and/or picture placed in relation to the stationary spindle in the required sequence, and decorative spindles is arranged to travel along one of the coordinates and parallel to the workpiece.

On the desktop under any decorating tool set moving perpendicular to the table and moving the workpiece bridge carrying porous plate for vacuum clamping fine cutting and quick-release plates of different width and made of a material with low friction, such as a PCB mounted on the table surface with a width that allows the tool to drop below the level of the table without damage.

On the desktop on both sides of the workpiece and the tool set adjustable quick-release plate from a free-cutting material, such as plastic, restricts the movement of the workpiece width during processing and allows the output of the tool over the edges of the blank in the body of the insert to eliminate chipping of the edges of the workpiece.

On both sides of the tool is stationary and the decor is highlighted spindles, installed quick and different width of the pinch rollers covered not damage the surface of the workpiece material, such as polyurethane, for pressing the workpiece to the table, holding her and exceptions vibration during processing set can be rotated around a horizontal axis for optimum workpiece clamp, retaining that position due to the preload friction pads.

The pressure rollers are mounted on the plate, which is connected via a piston rod vertically moving the spring-loaded platform that is connected with the eccentric mechanism with a rack fixed to the frame of the rotor.

To the spindle motor attached to a rotary device, receiving from the spindle-motor any position in the longitudinal direction relative to the workpiece and any angular position in the transverse direction and mounted with a possibility of rotation around its own axis and a continuous change of the axis of the cutting tool during machining of the workpiece.

On decorating the spindle-motor frame installed with its own servo and high frequency rotor to provide high performance for additional subbordinate Z at any angle toward the workpiece by rotation of the holding device in decorating spinde the e-motor.

On one of the slide rails mounted rollers at an angle to the feed direction of the workpiece to preload the table, and the plate with the rollers recessed below the surface to eliminate damage to the lower edge of the workpiece.

On the other guide metal lath installed pressure nepodporovane and rotating on bearings disks.

As tools used cutters of various widths defined carbide inserts of various shapes, for example two or more on one cutter posted with the possibility of balancing conservation and cutter set with each other on different levels or cutting radii and designed in such a way that the cutting edges of the plates adjacent installed on the spindle cutters one level partially overlap and coincide for cutting radii, while the cutters are the same or different levels or cutting radius to the left and to the right, and the number of levels made any.

The ability to move any decorating tool for any coordinate carried out through the program due to the generation of random numbers that determine the amount of movement each turn of the tool to create a random pattern identical to the pattern obtained by manual processing.

On the movable frame is installed Vertica is Ino situated automatic store with interchangeable tools for software replacement on the spindle of the rotor.

In the placement decorating tool or at the outlet and above the product contains a sensor and/or camera to scan the quality of the picture and/or relief by providing the possibility of adjusting the processing tool until it stops processing.

At the end of the desktop in the course of movement of the workpiece is pie farm to accommodate rolling spindle-motor taking any position in space for printing and/or embossing on the bottom and side surfaces of the workpiece with the possibility of setting different units or rotary consoles with a fixed or variable position of the tool in space.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where:

1 shows a device for obtaining relief surface, General view;

figure 2 - spindle motor with a fixed rotary unit when the processing in six degrees of freedom;

figure 3 - spindle motor with a fixed platform with his servo and high speed spindle motor;

4 shows the pressure rollers before and after the cutting tool;

5 is a pressure roller with the plate, the rod and the friction pads;

6 is a view As in figure 5;

Fig.7 - section of the spindle head with a set of cutters and fitted with carbide plates.

A device for obtaining relief surface contains installed on the fixed frame 1 Desk 2, the movable frame 3, the fixed spindles 4, the movable decorative spindle motors 5 on platforms 6, rotary attachment 7 for decorative spindle-motor 5, shop 8 removable tools, circular farm 9 with a spindle motor 10, a rack with a video camera 11, the upper feed rollers 12, the lower feed metal rollers 13, guide rollers 14, the pressure rollers 15, insert-bridge 16.

Position 17 marked the workpiece.

The device is installed on the spindle motor 5 with the mandrel 18 rotary attachment 7, the other version is installed on the spindle motor 5 platform 19 with its actuator 20 and the high-speed spindle motor 21.

Each cutting tool, knife or cutter 22, set the pressure rollers 15 mounted on the clamp plate 23 attached to the base plate 24, through which the rod 25 and the friction pads 26 and the metal sleeve 27 is attached to a sliding spring-loaded platform 28 that is installed on the host platform (not shown) using eccentrics (not shown).

Cutting part of the cutter 29 collected in the package on the spindle 30, consists of the carbide plates 31 mounted on the spindle 30 so that the cutting edges of the plates 31, the arrangement is different near, always one level and partially overlap each other.

There are method of obtaining the relief surface and the device is as follows.

The workpiece 17 with the feed mechanism and the feed rollers 12 and 13 is fed into the working zone of the tool of the first stationary spindle 4, is formed where the initial profile of the workpiece.

Then, the workpiece 17 enters the second working area under the cutter 29 or rotary attachment 7, which is pressed clamps, spring-loaded rollers 33 15 in the area of the bridge 16.

The tool on the shafts decorating the spindle motor 5 and the rotary attachment 7 rotates at a high angular velocity.

The servo horizontal, vertical and angular movements of the platform 6 and instruments, receiving control signals from a computer on the appropriate program, constantly Orient the axis of rotation of the tools at any angle to the workpiece 17 and enforce the drawing and/or relief of any complexity.

After processing in the working areas of decorative spindles 5, the workpiece 17 enters the working area of the output of the fixed spindle 4, which makes the final appearance of the image and/or relief (ornament) in the form of the finished product 32.

Thus, the invention reduces the inertia of the cutting tools, simplifies the design while improving the quality of the topography of the first surface to receive an unlimited number of ornaments, designs, drawings and with high speed.

Industrial applicability

The invention can be used when performing artistic relief images, in particular, on wood materials.

1. The method of obtaining the relief surface on a product, which consists in the processing surface of the workpiece sharpened in figure profile cutting tools, by their rotation around their own axes while moving according to a given program synchronously with the workpiece in the horizontal direction, characterized in that the axis of rotation of the tools are oriented at different angles to the workpiece, the movement of the tools is carried out in three mutually perpendicular planes, one of which is parallel to the surface of the workpiece while the workpiece is performed in a given program, when the feed speed of the workpiece zero processing movable cutting tools operate on separate sites continuously, and fixedly mounted cutting tools when the movement of the workpiece, reduce the speed of its rotation synchronously and in accordance with the feed speed of the workpiece up to zero.

2. A device for obtaining relief surface on a product containing a fixed bed and a work table mounted on the frame of podi the s ' frame, and mechanism for feeding workpiece mounted on movable platforms spindle motors, the shafts of which are mounted cutting tools for the machining surface of the workpiece, characterized in that it comprises the mechanisms of movement in three mutually perpendicular planes of one or more spindle motors with regulation of their speed, move the spindle motor according to one of the coordinates coincides with the direction of feed of the workpiece and the spindle motor is performed by enabling secure and retain a rotary or cutting unit or in the form of a mandrel for securing the other spindle-motor or in the form of a mandrel for securing the platform with his servo to allow high-frequency movements in the vertical the direction of the high-speed spindle motor.

3. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the workpiece is set pressed by a pneumatic drive feed rollers covered not damage the surface of the workpiece material, for example polyurethane, under the workpiece symmetrically and below each of the upper feed roller is set lower metal feed rollers, biasing the rod pneumatic cylinders so that the lower feed rollers slightly protrude above the surface of the table and their position relative to the surface of the table is made adjustable through the Yu limiters, when this pressing force of the workpiece to the table recorded piezometric sensor connected to the lower feed roller to eliminate friction of the workpiece on the table, and all feed rollers kinematically interconnected in a feed mechanism for actuating a servo-controlled according to the program.

4. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the entire unit servo drive with a spindle motor installed on the movable frame and are made with movement in a vertical plane, both independently and with a movable frame and the feed rollers.

5. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the instruments for the application of the relief and/or picture placed in relation to the stationary spindle in the required sequence, and decorative spindles is arranged to travel along one of the coordinates and parallel to the workpiece.

6. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that on the desktop under any decorating tool set moving perpendicular to the table and moving the workpiece bridge carrying porous plate for vacuum clamping fine cutting and quick-release plates of different width and made of a material with low friction, such as a PCB mounted on the table surface with a width that allows the tool to drop below the level of the table without damages the Oia.

7. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that on the desktop on both sides of the workpiece and the tool set adjustable quick-release plate from a free-cutting material, such as plastic, restricts the movement of the workpiece width during processing and allows the output of the tool over the edges of the blank in the body of the insert to eliminate chipping of the edges of the workpiece.

8. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that on both sides of the tool stationary and decorative spindles installed quick and different width of the pinch rollers covered not damage the surface of the workpiece material, such as polyurethane, for pressing the workpiece to the table, holding her and exceptions vibration during processing set can be rotated around a horizontal axis for optimum workpiece clamp, retaining that position due to the preload friction pads.

9. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the pressure rollers are mounted on the plate, which is connected via a piston rod vertically moving the spring-loaded platform that is connected with the eccentric mechanism with a rack fixed to the frame of the rotor.

10. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the spindle-motor attached rotary console makers from the spindle-motor Luba the position in the longitudinal direction relative to the workpiece and any angular position in the transverse direction and mounted with a possibility of rotation around its own axis and a continuous change in position of the axis the cutting tool during machining of the workpiece.

11. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the decorative spindle-motor frame installed with its own servo and high frequency rotor to provide high performance for additional subbordinate Z at any angle toward the workpiece by rotation of the holding device in decorating the spindle motor.

12. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that on one guide rod mounted rollers at an angle to the feed direction of the workpiece to preload the table, and the plate with the rollers recessed below the surface to eliminate damage to the lower edge of the workpiece.

13. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that on the other guide metal lath installed pressure nepodporovane and rotating on bearings disks.

14. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the instruments used cutters of various widths defined carbide inserts of various shapes, for example two or more on one cutter posted with the possibility of balancing conservation and cutter set with each other on different levels or cutting radii and designed in such a way that the cutting edges of the plates adjacent installed on the spindle cutters one level partially overlapping the other the other and identical cutting radii, when the cutters have the same or different levels or cutting radius to the left and to the right, and the number of levels made any.

15. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the ability to move any decorating tool for any coordinate carried out through the program, due to the generation of random numbers that determine the amount of movement each turn of the tool to create a random pattern identical to the pattern obtained by manual processing.

16. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the movable frame mounted vertically situated automatic store with interchangeable tools for software replacement on the spindle of the rotor.

17. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the placement decorating tool or at the outlet and above the product contains a sensor and/or camera to scan the quality of the picture and/or relief by providing the possibility of adjusting the processing tool until it stops processing.

18. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the end of the work table during movement of the workpiece is pie farm to accommodate rolling spindle-motor taking any position in space for printing and/or embossing on the bottom and side surfaces of the workpiece retaining vozmozhnostnoi different units or rotary consoles with a fixed or variable position of the tool in space.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: technology for producing ornamentation or marking in form of surface structure on a widely used object in form of a bowl, mug or cup, made of glass or glass-like material and having glazed surface at least in some zones as supporting surface.

SUBSTANCE: in accordance to invention, glazed surface in the zone where marking or decoration is going to be applied has practically equal properties across whole surface. Decoration or marking is applied by imprinting characteristic surface with quartz solution by means of printing method to equalize the surface with shape or configuration of decoration or marking after quartz solution solidifies. Invention also describes method for manufacturing surface structures on widely used object having glass or glass-like wall. Decoration is produced as a result of application of quartz solution, distributed in limited given manner in direction of surface along characteristic surface or inside it, and glazed surface is evened out in accordance to decoration configuration after solidification of quartz solution so that surface becomes transparent.

EFFECT: simplification of method for decorating widely used items.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: manufacture of decorative panels.

SUBSTANCE: prior to delivery of PVC blank to working area, its surface is subjected to loosening for increase of surface activity and for enhancing adhesion by applying solution of primer; use is made in working area of contra-shaft for holding-down the blank to drive guide transporting wheels and for rolling-on the facing material and connecting it with front surface; used as hold-down device is hold-down shaft with its own program-controlled shaft which is made from soft elastic material for copying the configuration of front and side surfaces of blank at the moment of connection with facing material at simultaneous stretching of it for avoidance of folds; its longitudinal axis is located at angle of from 0 to 90° relative to delivery of blank.

EFFECT: improved quality of facing; simplified construction of device; increased productivity of process.

5 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: application of diamond powder on souvenirs.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method consists in application of pattern made from adhesive paper on souvenir surface; contours of this pattern are subjected to treatment on sandblast machine, after which adhesive is applied in form of enamel followed by application of natural diamond powder, type A3-A6 at size of grains of 200/160, 250/200 and 315/250.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and reliability of coats on souvenir surfaces.

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises applying a lining material on the surface of the panel, gluing the lining material to the surface of the panel, pressing, and conditioning. Before applying the lining material, the panel is dampened and treated with steam. Pressing is performed at a temperature 127-132°C and at a pressure of 170 bar for 4-6 min.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

3 cl

FIELD: construction materials industry; production of the moldable decorative laminated material.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the moldable complicated decorative laminated material, which contains the polymer impregnated decorative layer made out of the bilateral expansible decorative paper and the core polymer impregnated layer formed out of the bilateral extendable kraft-paper. The laminated material is used for production of the different products requiring the molding concerning the surface of the complicated form, in particular, to the packet made out of the laminated material. The board made out of the laminated material has the moldable base in addition to the decorative layer. The method of manufacture of the moldable decorative laminated material includes the following operations: treatment of the decorating paper, its impregnation, the treatment and impregnation of the kraft-paper, the layer by layer stacking and joining of the layers of the decorative and kraft-paper under pressure with their preliminary impregnation with the phenol-formaldehyde polymeric compound. The technical result of the invention is improvement of the surface properties of the decorative laminated material.

EFFECT: the invention ensures improvement of the surface properties of the decorative laminated material.

37 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: working or preserving wood.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises making blanks, gluing blanks to form blocks, and allowing the blocks to stand for a time required for solidification of glue. The blanks are provided with grooves. To make the grooves, the blanks are mounted on the base so that the height of the center of symmetry of the blank section is positioned above the plane of the milling tool table, the longitudinal axis of symmetry of the blank is at an angle to the plane of the table, and center of symmetry of the blank section is shifter with respect to the vertical axis of the milling cut.

EFFECT: improved method.

6 dwg

FIELD: devices for forming images in products made of transparent material or material with low transparency for visible radiation.

SUBSTANCE: in accordance to invention, as radiation, wave components of copper-vapor laser impulse are used, divided in time. Device contains copper-vapor impulse laser, radiation transportation system with delay line and two telescopic systems, and a focusing system. Image generation process is controlled by a computer.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to produce high quality concealed and visible images in products, with high productiveness.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: fine arts, in particular, displaying of various graphic patterns for producing various color dynamic effects.

SUBSTANCE: artistic pattern is applied onto light-permeable plate behind which light-transmitting plate is positioned, said light-transmitting plate having at least one region with light-reflecting coating. Said at least one region is aligned with artistic pattern of certain plot, provided on light-permeable plate. Opaque background plate is positioned behind light-transmitting plate. All the plates are arranged in contoured pattern within opaque carrier frame. Illumination source is made in the form of group of localized sources of light radiation having different glow wavelength, said illumination sources being arranged within frame cavity and oriented toward end of light-transmitting plate. Localized sources of optical radiation are connected to power source through unit for controlling commutation, time modes, period of switching, and also unit for regulating of glowing brightness.

EFFECT: wider range, provision for dynamic changing of multicolor illumination of artistic pattern plot regions within desired limits and increased entertaining effect.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: production of primarily leather-made decorative articles in the form of physical, political, astronomic, and other maps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes wetting natural-leather blank that functions as map base and its drying in stretched condition. Then underside of paper sheet whose surface is pre-tinted by compacted loose material is applied to this blank. Pattern of expected map incorporating data media is made on paper sheet face, outlines of data media parts are step-by-step transferred to base, and appropriate lines are burned out and/or stamped in step-by-step manner. First elements applied to map base are basic ones used as references for entire pattern of map; they are burned out and/or stamped on base. After that smaller items are applied to base whereupon they are burned out and/or stamped. After all items of map pattern are burned out and/or stamped, separate portions of pattern are dyed, major ones being dyed first and minor ones, after them. Then dried dye is wiped, and external surface of map is covered with at least one layer of fixing material.

EFFECT: enhanced life of map pattern, improved decorative effect of proposed map simulating antique maps.

8 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: producing decorative effects.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises setting amber pieces in a box placed on the horizontal surface, filling the box with an adhesive composition, cutting the outer layer of the panel after complete solidification, turning the panel over, repeating the operations, and finishing the panel to provide a specified thickness.

EFFECT: improved decorative effect.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled substantially two-dimensionally for carving, engraving, or guillotining shallow ornamenting or markings.

SUBSTANCE: device has sliding support section to which marking apparatus is connected.

EFFECT: increased operational efficiency.

17 cl, 5 dwg

Tool holder // 2235648

Engraving machine // 2230670
The invention relates to a device for engraving and is intended for artistic and decorative treatment of solid materials by facsimile-an exact image transfer with a copy of the original on a flat surface polished product

The invention relates to confectionery industry, and in particular to methods perform controlerror drawing on gingerbread boards for printing Tula gingerbread

The invention relates to a device for artistic and decorative treatment of solid materials and can be used in the facades of buildings, monuments and interior decoration

The invention relates to performing and teaching wood carving and can be used in light industry in the manufacture of decorative products

The invention relates to mechanical engineering and can be used for machining bodies of revolution
Up!