Refuse chute shaft section

FIELD: construction, particularly refuse chutes to remove domestic waste and ventilation shafts of building or building structure.

SUBSTANCE: refuse chute shaft section is made as laminated fiberglass plastic pipe of cylindrical shape and preferably provided with widened end section. The pipe includes at least three fiberglass plastic layers formed by winding solid glass tissue webs and/or glass mats having widths of not less than 0.9 m and/or cut into rolls having widths of not less than 0.05 m on shaping mandrel. Fire-resistant binding agent having life of not less than 6.5 hours at 18-25°C temperature is applied between fiberglass plastic layers during winding thereof on shaping mandrel. Fire-resistant binding agent is mixture including 100 parts by weight of polyester resin and 0.8-2.5 parts by weight of methylethylkonate or 1.0-3.0 parts by weight of cyclohexane taken in amount enough to impregnate inner layers of refuse chute shaft section. Glass tissue webs are wound in several strips along section length and overlap each other along helical line so that each next turn overlaps previous turn for width of not less than 0.2 of glass tissue web width to be wound on shaping mandrel. During refuse chute assemblage the first wound strip is the uppermost one. Glass tissue webs may be wound in several strips so that strips of adjacent layers are oriented in opposite directions. Glass tissue webs may be also wound in several serial overlapped annular strips located along section length. The annular strips are located so that each next strip overlaps previous one for not less than 0.1 of glass tissue web width. During refuse chute assemblage the first wound strip is the uppermost one. Glass tissue layers may be wound on shaping core in alternating mode and include ones formed by helical and annular strips. Glass tissue web width is equal to refuse chute shaft section height.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of refuse chute usage due to decreased inner surface damage caused by impact action to be applied thereto during refuse chute usage, improved sanitary efficiency, enhanced assemblage conditions and increased maintainability of refuse chute shaft sections.

6 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of construction, namely, the construction of sections of chutes for removing waste from buildings, but can be used also as the team section of the ventilation shaft of a building or structure.

Well-known section of the barrel of rubbish, made in the form of a three-layer pipe, the inner and outer of which is made of steel material, and the intermediate layer is made of impact-resistant non-flammable teplocomunenergo material, which can be applied claydite-concrete (RU # 34589 U1, CL E04F 17/10, 2003).

The closest known is the trunk section of the chute, made of fiberglass and in cross section having a circular cylindrical or elliptical or rectangular shape, with the stem of these sections should be covered teplozvukoizolirujushchej material (RU # 2098575 C1, CL E04F 17/10, 1997).

The disadvantages of garbage disposal and air conditioning vents, with sections of the trunk of metal, can be attributed to their greater mass, leading to the creation of additional inconvenience during installation and the increased complexity, as well as a small lifespan, since the surfaces in the operation of the garbage disposal or the air conditioning vents are formed of corrosion sites. In addition, these sections of the chutes difference of the high noise level of operation, to reduce which requires additional technological operations on soundproofing. A significant negative factor is the availability and collection of microorganisms and bacteria on the inner surface of the sections of the barrel garbage due to roughness and surface damage during operation, resulting in their washing, decontamination and decontamination is not effective enough.

The purpose of this technical solution is to create in the trunk of conditions for efficient operation by reducing the possibility of damage to the inside surface of the shock operational impacts of improved sanitation and hygiene indicators after washing or cleaning of the barrel, the improvement of the conditions of installation and enhance the maintainability of the individual sections of the trunk.

This is achieved by the fact that the trunk section of the chute is made in the form of a pipe made of laminated fiberglass, which has a cylindrical shape, preferably with a widening at its upper end, the pipe is formed not less than three layers of fiberglass obtained by winding on the forming mandrel solid panels of glass and/or glass Mat with a minimum width of 0.9 m or/and cut into rolls of a width not less than 0.05 m and applying between the layers when wound on a forming mandrel having a life is sposobnosti not less than 6.5 hours at a temperature of 18-25° With a combustible binder, consisting, for example, from a mixture of 100 mass fractions of MO-TG-1B (C) and 0.8 to 2.5 mass fraction peroxide methylethylamine or 1.0 to 3.0 mass fractions of cyclohexane peroxide in a quantity sufficient for impregnation of the inner layers of the section of the trunk. While layers of fiberglass on the length of the section of wound sites located overlapped along a helical line with the overlap between the coils is not less than 0.2 width wound fiberglass cloth, and when the mounting shaft section is oriented upwards from the first wound sites. Layers of fiberglass along the length of the section can be wound sites oriented in adjacent layers in opposite directions. Layers of glass cloth can be wound annular sections, sequentially arranged along the length of the sections with overlapping between the coils is not less than 0.1 width wound fiberglass cloth, and when the mounting shaft section is oriented upwards from the first wound circular plots. Layers of fiberglass on the thickness of the section can be wound with alternating layers formed of sections, wound along a helical line and circular plots. The height of the section of the trunk equal to the width of the fiberglass cloth.

These parameters section of the barrel provide the ability to achieve the objectives while ensuring its normal is funkcionirovanija for a long time, in particular, the technological parameters and the composition of the mixture components characterize the compliance with the required strength of the product with negligible mass, the magnitude of the overlapping layers provide the necessary strength, including at impact operational impact, and Flexural strength. The specified pot life of the mixture (after which the mixture hardens to a degree precluding the impregnation and the ability to change shape significantly affects the possibility of getting soaked in the specified mixture of the product while maintaining its shape after the end of the process of forming a section of the trunk.

The drawing shows a section of the barrel garbage in the section.

The trunk section of the chute is made in the form of a tube 1 made of laminated fiberglass. The tube 1 has a cylindrical form of a right circular cylinder, or a cylinder having a cross section of an oval, an ellipse, a rectangle or a regular polygon). For mounting the partition in the trunk it is made by widening 2 at its upper end in the form of a cylindrical socket, the internal diameter than the external diameter of the pipe 1. The pipe 1 is formed by at least three layers of fiberglass conditions ensure ravnopravnosti pipe height. The layers obtained by winding on the forming mandrel pre is varicella dried at a temperature of 150-160° C for at least 8 hours of panels of glass (for example, insulating EZ-100 or EZ-250 according to GOST 19907-83) width 1.0 m or 2.5 m (which provides the necessary conditions for effective penetration and adhesion of the treated material). Can also be used following brands IPU-a-35(350) THE 6-11-403-84 and/or T-13 GOST 19170-2001 and/or T-250 on THE 5952-074-0576 3895-2003 and/or TR-0,7, TR-0,33, TR-0,25 beyond 6-48-00205009-97-96 or/brand / PSC-T TU 6-48-97-93 or/and IPS-T TU 6-48-135-97 (with a coefficient of sound absorption at frequencies 125-8000 Hz 0.4 to about 0.82, respectively). And in the process of winding on the forming mandrel on the panel put the filling between the layers formed of the polymer blend, with a viability of at least 6.5 hours at a temperature of 18-25°C. the Mixture consists of 100% of the mass. polyester resin MON-TG-1B for THE 2257-091-05015213 and 0.8 to 2.5 wt%. peroxide methylethylamine on THE 6-05-2019-86 or 1.0 to 3.0 wt%. peroxide cyclohexane beyond 2417-031-05015213-95 sufficient for impregnation of the inner layers of the section of the trunk. While layers of fiberglass panels along the length of the section can be wound sites located overlapped along a helical line with the overlap between the coils of a width not less than 0.3 wound fiberglass cloth. In this case, when the mounting shaft such section is oriented upwards from the first wound sites. Layers of fiberglass panels along the length of the section namata the s plots oriented in adjacent layers in opposite directions, which increases the Flexural strength required when assembling or disassembling the sections of the barrel. Also, layers of glass cloth can be wound annular sections, sequentially arranged along the length of the sections with overlapping between the coils is not less than 0.1 width wound fiberglass cloth, which ensures the necessary strength in compression along the axis of the barrel. In this case, when the mounting shaft section is oriented upwards from the first wound circular plots. In addition, layers of fiberglass on the thickness of the section can be wound with alternating layers formed of circular plots and plots, wound along a helical line, which expands the range of perceived stress due to the efficient reallocation of operating voltages. For convenience of Assembly and disassembly, and replacement of sections of the trunk during the reconstruction of the buildings, especially the old buildings, sections of the barrel garbage perform a height equal to the width of the cloth fiberglass - 1.0 m - 2.5 m

After winding layers of the workpiece utverjdayut when the temperature of the shop for at least 24 hours or heated to 60°C for at least 4 hours. Then remove the blank sections with frame and carry out machining of the workpiece section to the desired size.

1. Section STV is and rubbish, made in the form of a pipe made of laminated fiberglass, which has a cylindrical shape, preferably with a widening at its upper end, the pipe is formed by at least three layers of fiberglass obtained by winding on the forming mandrel solid panels of glass and/or glass Mat with a minimum width of 0.9 m or/and cut into rolls of a width not less than 0.05 m, and applying between the layers when wound on a forming mandrel having a viability of at least 6.5 hours at a temperature of 18-25°With a combustible binder, consisting, for example, from a mixture of 100 mass fractions of polyester resin MON-TG-1B and 0.8 to 2.5 mass fraction peroxide methylethylamine or 1.0 to 3.0 mass fractions of cyclohexane peroxide in a quantity sufficient for impregnation of the inner layers of the section of the trunk.

2. The trunk section of the chute according to claim 1, in which layers of fiberglass on the length of the section of wound sites located overlapped along a helical line with the overlap between the coils is not less than 0.2 width wound fiberglass cloth, and when the mounting shaft section is oriented upwards from the first wound sites.

3. The trunk section of the chute according to claim 2, in which layers of fiberglass on the length of the section of wound sites oriented in adjacent layers in opposite directions.

4. The trunk section of the chute according to claim 1, in which the Oh layers of fiberglass wound annular sections, sequentially arranged along the length of the sections with overlapping between the coils is not less than 0.1 width wound fiberglass cloth, and when the mounting shaft section is oriented upwards from the first wound of the ring sections.

5. The trunk section of the chute according to claim 2 or 4, in which layers of fiberglass on the thickness of the section is wound with alternating layers formed of sections, wound along a helical line, and the ring sections.

6. The trunk section of the chute according to claim 1, in which its height is equal to the width of the fiberglass cloth.



 

Same patents:

The chute // 2225927
The invention relates to industrial equipment for manufacture of building and Assembly works

The invention relates to the field of construction and is designed to remove debris and waste in residential and public buildings, and in buildings of industrial enterprises

FIELD: construction, particularly refuse chutes to remove domestic waste and ventilation shafts of building or building structure.

SUBSTANCE: refuse chute shaft section is made as laminated fiberglass plastic pipe of cylindrical shape and preferably provided with widened end section. The pipe includes at least three fiberglass plastic layers formed by winding solid glass tissue webs and/or glass mats having widths of not less than 0.9 m and/or cut into rolls having widths of not less than 0.05 m on shaping mandrel. Fire-resistant binding agent having life of not less than 6.5 hours at 18-25°C temperature is applied between fiberglass plastic layers during winding thereof on shaping mandrel. Fire-resistant binding agent is mixture including 100 parts by weight of polyester resin and 0.8-2.5 parts by weight of methylethylkonate or 1.0-3.0 parts by weight of cyclohexane taken in amount enough to impregnate inner layers of refuse chute shaft section. Glass tissue webs are wound in several strips along section length and overlap each other along helical line so that each next turn overlaps previous turn for width of not less than 0.2 of glass tissue web width to be wound on shaping mandrel. During refuse chute assemblage the first wound strip is the uppermost one. Glass tissue webs may be wound in several strips so that strips of adjacent layers are oriented in opposite directions. Glass tissue webs may be also wound in several serial overlapped annular strips located along section length. The annular strips are located so that each next strip overlaps previous one for not less than 0.1 of glass tissue web width. During refuse chute assemblage the first wound strip is the uppermost one. Glass tissue layers may be wound on shaping core in alternating mode and include ones formed by helical and annular strips. Glass tissue web width is equal to refuse chute shaft section height.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of refuse chute usage due to decreased inner surface damage caused by impact action to be applied thereto during refuse chute usage, improved sanitary efficiency, enhanced assemblage conditions and increased maintainability of refuse chute shaft sections.

6 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly arrangements in buildings for the disposal of refuse.

SUBSTANCE: refuse chute for multistory building comprises shaft with loading gates at each story and damping device, which reduces gravitational speed of solid refuse loaded in the chute. The damping device is installed along chute axis at intermediate building story and retained with support. The damping device is shaped as semi-loop smoothly bending from chute shaft axis. The semi-loop has diameter and flexure equal to shaft diameter. The semi-loop is formed of separate singly-type branches provided with flanges to connect sections with each other, refuse chute and support.

EFFECT: decreased gravitational speed of solid refuse and, as the result, decreased noise propagation over building and improved safety, as well as increased simplicity and reliability and reduced costs.

3 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, and namely to design of trash chute sections ensuring removal of domestic waste from buildings, but can also be used as section of assembled ventilation shaft of the building or construction. Trash chute section is made in the form of pipe with connecting broadening on one end from fibre-glass laminate consisting of several layers of glass-cloth or/and glass mat and hard-combustible bonding agent applied between glass-cloth layers. Between internal and external tube layers made in the form of shells there installed is zigzag-shaped corrugated filler contacting and connected with its protrusions to the above layers due to the bonding agent applied to glass-cloth and forming together with internal and external tube layers the through zigzag-shaped channels.

EFFECT: increasing strength of structure at simultaneous decrease of its weight, and as well as increase of thermal insulating properties of trash chute section and its durability owing to condensate moisture being discharged.

8 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method to transport solid wastes from at least one retention zone into at least one header pipeline or at least to one station of wastes collection comprises a stage of solid wastes dispatch from each retention zone to a transportation pipeline, and additionally includes the following stages: (a) pushing and transportation of solid wastes in the transportation pipeline towards the specified at least one header pipeline or at least one wastes collection station with the help of a transportation facility by creation of pressure difference at different sides of the specified transportation facility with provision of pushing and transportation of the specified solid wastes towards the specified at least one wastes collection station or to the specified at least one header pipeline and (b) control of the specified transportation facility with the purpose of its return to initial position. At the same time return of the specified transportation facility to its initial position is carried out by creation of pressure difference at different sides of the specified transportation facility to ensure displacement of the transportation facility from the specified at least one wastes collection station or the specified at least one header pipeline into its initial position. Also a system is described for transportation of solid wastes from at least one retention zone, as well as the method of solid wastes transportation from at least two retention zones and a system for transportation of solid wastes from at least one station of wastes origination.

EFFECT: reduced power consumption, reduced initial capital investments, increased efficiency of wastes removal.

31 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: charging valve of the garbage chute includes the chamber for placing the garbage bag therein and the device for introducing the garbage bag into the window of the vertical garbage chute composition. The stationary chamber for placing the garbage bag therein is made in the form of a parallelepiped with the inclined slippery bottom at an angle of more than 45%, wherein the toe of the inclined slippery bottom is extended up to the contact line with the window of the vertical garbage chute composition, the chamber turning cover is provided with a retractable rod ending with a flexible plate to push the garbage bag into the window of the vertical garbage chute composition. The passage rod sleeve is located on the cover closer to the garbage shaft. In the flange connection of the chamber to the passage insert of the vertical garbage chute composition, the flexible plate with flexible vertical stripes across the entire passage section is fixed.

EFFECT: increasing the charging valve efficiency and reliability.

2 dwg

Up!