Artificial smoking article (versions) and heat-releasing member for the same

FIELD: production of artificial smoking article using aroma-creating material, in particular, common cigarette.

SUBSTANCE: artificial smoking article has cylindrical enclosure into which non-disposable heat-releasing member is inserted through one end and aroma-creating material, in particular, cigarette, is inserted through other end so that free space is left between cigarette and heat-releasing member, said space being sufficient for preventing cigarette from igniting and hot gases produced on combustion of heat-releasing liquid being capable of heating tobacco or other identical cigarette component and of evaporating aroma-creating compounds contained therein.

EFFECT: provision for producing of artificial smoking article with the use of heat-releasing member whose heat is needed for evaporation of substance contained in smoking article and designed for creating of certain aroma.

38 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to artificial Smoking product with fuel elements made physically separate from produce aerosol material, and, in particular, to a fuel element artificial Smoking products.

The most common products for Smoking are cigarettes, cigars and pipes, which use various forms of tobacco as a medium, the combustion of which during Smoking is formed aerosol containing a pair of aromatics particular smell. In recent years, there is a need in Smoking articles in which the aerosol forming material, including tobacco, is heated to a temperature sufficient to evaporate forming the aerosol contained in the tobacco or in the pipe material of aromatic substances, but not sufficient for combustion of tobacco.

Currently, there are many Smoking products of this type, similar in appearance to conventional tobacco products, as well as other products developed as alternatives to conventional Smoking products. These products are essentially artificial Smoking products that are similar to regular cigarettes, but in which there is no combustion of tobacco products. Many of these Smoking products contain internal aerosol forming material is ial group, which heats the interior of the fuel element. Heating of the aerosol forming material is accompanied by formation with a certain fragrance spray that while Smoking is inhaled by the smoker. As an internal heat-generating element in such artificial Smoking products use either carbon-containing fuel elements or electrochemical heat sources that generate heat when exposed to water. Used in such artificial Smoking products fuel elements are essentially elements of a single use. Combustible fuel elements based on carbon is not extinguished and automatically continue to burn until complete combustion contained flammable materials. In addition, combustible fuel element, it is difficult to repay, and therefore interruption of Smoking have to use water or other means of damping. A similar problem occurs and when it is used to heat the electrochemical sources, flowing in which the chemical reaction ends only after a complete loss of chemical activity of all participating agents. There are also many other artificial tobacco products, in which to bring the aerosol forming substance active in the TATUS use electric heating element. Electric heating elements, which in principle can be turned off in between puffs, working from a fairly bulky batteries, which is associated with certain disadvantages and requires smoker extra effort.

As an example, previously issued patents that relate to Smoking products, while the area which is formed aerosol, can be called the patents GB 1033674 and GB 1083761 (in the name of Battelle Memorial Institute). Currently known and other tobacco products, Smoking is not accompanied by the release of significant amounts of products of incomplete combustion of the Smoking material and gives the smoker the pleasure, similar to the pleasure of Smoking of the cigarettes, not due to the combustion of tobacco or other similar materials, and by heating of the aerosol forming material, and, in particular Smoking products described in issued in the name of Lawson and other patent US 5065776, which offers fuel element allocated to which heat is transferred is made physically separate from the aerosol forming material, and Smoking products described in patent US 5144962, which offers a non-combustible Smoking article with a pipe filled with tobacco, with which it is in thermal contact is heated by an electric current thermistor compliance with the criterion temperature coefficient of resistance, which generates heat, which is contained in tobacco aerosol forming material is heated to evaporation temperature.

However, despite all the proposals of this type at the present time, there remains a need to create is very similar to normal cigarette Smoking products, Smoking which in contrast to conventional cigarettes is not associated with the combustion of tobacco and which at least partially can be reused.

The present invention was based on the task of developing a fuel element for artificial Smoking products used as a source of heat necessary for the evaporation creates a certain aroma substances contained in the Smoking product.

Another objective of the present invention consisted in the development of fuel elements for artificial Smoking products that could be reused.

The present invention consisted in the development of artificial Smoking products, which in appearance was essentially would be similar to a normal cigarette.

Another objective of the present invention was to develop artificial Smoking products that contain recycled fuel element used in conjunction with obijnikavaries.

The present invention features designed for use with Smoking products fuel element containing a closed housing with an opening on one end located in the housing of the cartridge with a heat-generating fluid (liquid fuel), the wick, which communicates with the cartridge and moistened in it the fuel fluid, and located next to the wick element glow, heated red-hot by the combustion of the fuel fluid that soaked wick.

Fuel liquid (liquid fuel) is preferably selected from the group comprising ethanol and a low-molecular liquid petroleum products.

For the manufacture of the element of heat, it is preferable to use copper, bronze, platinum or alloys of these or other metals. The element of heat is preferably in the form of a filament wound in a spiral or otherwise located around the wick. In another embodiment, the element of heat can be performed in a chamber filled with beads or fibers of the catalytic material. Such catalytic material is preferably selected from the group including copper, bronze, coated with platinum ceramic or material based ceramics with an appropriate coating.

The wick is preferably made of non-combustible fibers or of one or more glass ka is illary tubes.

Cartridge with heat-generating fluid is preferably filled with a porous material. The porous material is preferably selected from the group including cellulose acetate, low density polyethylene, ethylvinylacetate, carbon fiber, cotton or other woven material. The wick may be made of a porous material filling the cartridge.

The wick is preferably placed in a tube which enters the opening in the housing in which the cartridge is impregnated heat-generating fluid. This tube is preferably made of a ceramic material.

In the present invention it is also proposed artificial Smoking article containing a cylindrical shell located at facing towards the mouth end of the shell creates a fragrance material and fuel element located at the other end of the shell at some distance from creating a fragrance material.

Cylindrical shell preferably made of non-flammable or at least a non-combustible material. Such materials can be made cylindrical shell include ceramics, sea foam (thick), metal, paper, cardboard, reconstituted tobacco, wood, bamboo, glass, foil, and combinations thereof. Avoid Flammability each of these mater what Alov you can properly handle. Usually to reduce the propensity to ignite such materials are subjected, as is known, the appropriate chemical treatment.

As creating a fragrance material located facing towards the mouth end of the cylindrical shell, it is preferable to use the tobacco rod of the cigarette. Optionally, instead of the tobacco rod of the cigarette as creating the fragrance material can be used and other materials, for example porous cartridge with aerosol forming material, or compressed tobacco material.

Preferably as a fuel element in the proposed invention the Smoking product to use proposed in the invention of the fuel element.

In the proposed in the invention of artificial Smoking product it is advisable to use a heat diffuser located between the fuel element and creating a fragrance material. This heat diffuser preferably made of wire mesh. The heat diffuser can be treated with a catalyst that converts carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide, or another catalyst for catalytic conversion or removal of the formed during Smoking of the aerosol other hydrocarbons formed in the flame and is contained in the fuel elements. Spotovi the heat diffuser can be of any material, meet the relevant requirements.

The Chuck body with a heat-generating fluid preferably made of impervious, non-combustible material, in particular of ceramic material. As the fuel liquid (liquid fuel), which is in the cartridge, it is preferable to use pure combustible liquid, in particular carbon-containing liquid fuel, for example alcohols, such as ethanol, methanol, isopropanol or propanol, or other low molecular weight liquid petroleum products, such as pentane or hexane.

In the cylindrical shell preferably, the inlet for the passage of air that gets into the crack of the product during tightening. Such openings for the passage of air that gets into the crack of the product during tightening, should be located to heat diffuser or, in other words, in the place where the element of heat is combustion of the fuel liquid (liquid fuel).

Below the present invention is described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which same components proposed in the invention of fuel elements and artificial Smoking products such fuel element denoted by the same positions and in which is shown:

figure 1 is a bitmap of the image in the axonometric projection of the individual elements performed on one of the options proposed in the invention of artificial Smoking products and

figure 2 is a longitudinal section of artificial Smoking products, shown in figure 1.

Shown in the drawings artificial Smoking article 10 consists of a fuel element designated by position 11, and creating a fragrance material, in particular located in the cylindrical shell 26 regular cigarettes, indicated by position 13. Cigarette 13 consists of the tobacco rod 14 and connected to a filter 12.

The fuel element 11 is composed of an impermeable, non-combustible housing 20 and located therein a fuel cartridge 24 of porous material impregnated carbon-containing fuel fluid (liquid fuel), in this case ethanol. The fuel element 11 is also elongated in the length of the wick 22 and the element 16 of the filament. The fuel element 11 is inserted into one end of the cylindrical shell 26, which is made a few holes 18 for the passage of ambient air, which are located at a short distance before element 16 ' and through which during tightening inside of the shell together with the air enters the oxygen required for combustion of the fuel liquid (liquid fuel)which is impregnated wick 22. On facing the cigarette end of the body 20 of the fuel element is made the hole, which includes a ceramic tube 32 is whether the sleeve located inside the wick 22. The element 16, the filament is made in the form of a spiral, made of thin copper wire or other heat-conductive or heated red-hot material, for example bronze, platinum or an alloy of metals. The element 16, the filament is located at the open end of the ceramic tube 32. Protruding from the tube end of the wick 22 made of non-combustible fibers or glass capillary tubes, is a small distance, for example 1 to 2 mm, inside element 16 of the filament, made in this case in the form of a metallic filament. In order to smoke proposed in the invention of artificial Smoking product, item 16 of the filament must be heated until it is red hot, using a regular lighter, such as a cigarette lighter, running on butane.

Inside the cylindrical shell 26 between the far end of creating a fragrance material 13 and the element 16, the filament is the diffuser 30 of the heat. The diffuser 30 heat has openings through which the hot gas and hot air that gets inside the cylindrical shell 26 during tightening through holes 18, are held in volatile when heated, the material of the tobacco rod of the cigarette 13. The diffuser 30 of heat, in addition, prevents direct exposure to the flame to the cigarette 13 under the action of the vacuum, which during tightening is created in the filter or bresennol toward the mouth end of the cigarette. The presence in the proposed invention the Smoking product of such a heat diffuser limits the possibility of ignition and substantial combustion of the cigarette 13.

In order to smoke proposed in the invention, the Smoking article 10, must first be heated until it is red hot metal filament element 16 of the heat, using the button located underneath the holes for the passage of air normal lighter. Falling on non-combustible wick 22 to the location of the metal filament element glow liquid fuel under the action of the flame of a lighter starts to evaporate. Evaporating liquid fuel affects metal thread, which continues to remain in the hot condition and extinguished the cigarette lighter. The combustion of volatile liquid fuel is provided by ambient air, which during tightening passes through the holes 18 to the metal threads of the element of heat. In between puffs metallic yarn element 16 of the heat remains in the hot condition. In order to extinguish the Smoking article, you need to block, for example mounted on the cylindrical shell is not shown in the drawings, the movable sleeve or ceramic tube, the openings 18 for the passage of air in the absence of which the liquid fuel will not burn. In order to repay PR is duhaime in the invention of the Smoking product, instead of such a ceramic sleeve or tube you can use a special large enough cap, which you can close the far end of the cylindrical shell with openings 18 for the passage of air. In order to extinguish the fuel element, you can use the above-mentioned movable sleeve and a relatively small cap that fits over facing towards the mouth end of the cylindrical shell after removing from her cigarette.

After Smoking the fuel element can be disconnected from artificial Smoking products and use with another cigarette.

In addition, the cigarette can be extracted from artificial Smoking products and the desire to smoke as normal Smoking product that prikalivaetsya from the usual flame.

1. Fuel element for a Smoking product and containing a closed housing with an opening on one end located in the housing of the cartridge with a heat-generating fluid, the wick, which communicates with the cartridge and moistened in it the fuel fluid, and located next to the wick element glow, heated red-hot by the combustion of the fuel fluid that soaked wick.

2. Fuel element according to claim 1, in which liquid fuel selection is on of the group, including ethanol and low-molecular liquid petroleum products.

3. Fuel element according to claim 1 or 2, in which the element of heat is made of copper, bronze, platinum or an alloy of metals.

4. Fuel element according to claim 3, in which the element of heat is made in the form of a filament.

5. Fuel element according to claim 1, in which the cartridge with a heat-generating fluid-filled porous material.

6. Fuel element according to claim 5, in which the porous material is a cellulose acetate, low density polyethylene, ethylvinylacetate, carbon fiber, cotton or other woven material.

7. Fuel element according to claim 1, in which the wick is made of non-combustible fibers or glass capillary tubes.

8. Fuel element according to claim 1, which is located to the filament openings for the passage through them of the ambient air inside the element.

9. Fuel element according to claim 1, in which the element of heat is made in the form of a chamber filled with beads or fibers of the catalytic material.

10. Fuel element according to claim 9, in which the catalytic material is a copper, bronze, coated with platinum ceramic or material based ceramics with an appropriate coating.

11. The fuel element 5, in which the wick is made of a porous material.

Ali element according to claim 1, where the fuse is located inside the tube.

13. Fuel element according to item 12, in which the tube is made of ceramic.

14. Fuel element according to claim 1, which is located inside the cylindrical shell.

15. Fuel element 14, in which the cylindrical shell is made of a material that is not flammable under the action of the flame.

16. Fuel element according to item 15, in which the cylindrical shell is made of ceramics, sea foam (sepiolite), metal, paper, cardboard, reconstituted tobacco, wood, bamboo, glass or foil.

17. Artificial Smoking article containing a cylindrical shell located at facing towards the mouth end of the shell creates a fragrance material and located at the other end of the shell with a space from creating a fragrance material fuel element containing a closed housing with an opening on one end located in the housing of the cartridge with a heat-generating fluid, the wick, which communicates with the cartridge and moistened in it the fuel fluid, and located next to the wick element glow, heated red-hot by the combustion of the fuel fluid that soaked wick.

18. Artificial Smoking product 17, which creates the fragrance material is a cigarette.

p> 19. Artificial Smoking product 17, which in the cylindrical shell in front of the fuel element with holes for the passage through them of ambient air into the shell during tightening.

20. Artificial Smoking product 17, which creates the fragrance material is a tobacco.

21. Artificial Smoking product 17, which has a heat diffuser located between the fuel element and creating a fragrance material.

22. Artificial Smoking article according to item 21, in which the heat diffuser is made of wire mesh.

23. Artificial Smoking product 17 in which a cylindrical shell made of ceramics.

24. Artificial Smoking product 17 in which the liquid fuel is selected from the group comprising ethanol and a low-molecular liquid petroleum products.

25. Artificial Smoking product 17 in which the element of heat is made of copper, bronze, platinum or an alloy of metals.

26. Artificial Smoking product on A.25, in which the element of heat is made in the form of a filament.

27. Artificial Smoking product 17 in which the cartridge with a heat-generating fluid-filled porous material.

28. Artificial Smoking article according to item 27, in which the porous material produced is dstanley a cellulose acetate, low-density polyethylene, ethylvinylacetate, carbon fiber, cotton or other woven material.

29. Artificial Smoking product 17 in which the wick is made of non-combustible fibers or glass capillary tubes.

30. Artificial Smoking product 17, which openings through which during tightening inside the shell passes the surrounding air, are to glow.

31. Artificial Smoking product 17 in which the element of heat is made in the form of a chamber filled with beads or fibers of the catalytic material.

32. Artificial Smoking product on p, in which the catalytic material is a copper, bronze, coated with platinum ceramic or material based ceramics with an appropriate coating.

33. Artificial Smoking article according to item 27, in which the wick is made of a porous material filling the cartridge.

34. Artificial Smoking article according to any one of p-33, in which the fuse is located inside the tube.

35. Artificial Smoking product according to clause 34, in which the tube is made of ceramic.

36. Artificial Smoking product 17 in which the cylindrical shell is made of a material that is not flammable under the action of the flame.

37. Artificial Smoking product on the .36, in which the cylindrical shell is made of ceramics, sea foam (sepiolite), metal, paper, cardboard, reconstituted tobacco, wood, bamboo, glass or foil.

38. Artificial Smoking article containing a cylindrical shell located at facing towards the mouth end of the shell creates a fragrance material and fuel element located at the other end of the shell with a space from creating a fragrance material, which is a cigarette.



 

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