Plow

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, tillage and preparing of soil for sowing procedure.

SUBSTANCE: plow has frame, disks, working tool designed for rotating and placing of soil layer into furrow and provided with helical working surface, and mellower. Shaft with corrugated disks and mud scrapers is mounted on tines on frame. Working tool is made in the form of half-screw whose inner side is extending centrally of horizontal straight line from leading end to working tool end and outer helical working surface terminates in shank beveled at an acute angle to horizontal plane. Mellower attached to front side of working tool is made in the form of hoe. Replaceable harrows joined to shank are comprised of plates beveled at an acute angle on their front sides. Working tools with right-handed and left-handed direction of rotation of ground are alternatively mounted on frame. Supporting compaction roller with mud scraper is mounted rearward of frame on tines. Mounted on frame are also shaft height adjustment mechanism and supporting roller height adjustment mechanism for adjusting height of roller and supporting mechanism relative to frame.

EFFECT: improved quality of soil tillage, reduced erosion processes and increased efficiency in weed controlling.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used for soil and prepare it for sowing seeds.

Known plow including a plow and dump, as the main tool tillage ("directory of the mechanic" Gorbachev IV and other "Agropromizdat". GSP, Moscow, 1985).

A disadvantage of the known device is the following:

- plow expends energy to offset strip cut tile ground right at 30-35 cm, and also the rise of the soil up to 50 cm;

- reverses the cut layer not completely, giving you the opportunity to grow weed leads to the loss of moisture, wind and water erosion of the soil;

- requires secondary tillage of soil, which leads to additional costs;

- forcing processing "usual" or "braswell", which leads to the formation of furrows or shafts, and also forces the operator to follow the furrow left, it leads to costs;

the plow has to raise at the end of the collective and move to the left side of the plowed strips;

- discrepancies between plowed and stripes lead to high costs for sealing wedge.

Closest to the invention is a plow for smooth plowing containing plow body with a spiral working surface and additional work body for rotation and placement of the reservoir in furrows is, made in the form of plough body with a spiral working surface, with a spiral working surface of the primary and secondary plow buildings in the same direction. On the side of the joint of adjacent passages mounted rippers. Each cultivator mounted on the frame by means of bracket can be moved in height relative to the plow buildings and horizontally perpendicular to the direction of movement of the plow (SU # 1595355, IPC AV 3/36//33/04, publ. bull. No. 36, 30.09.90).

A disadvantage of the known device is that the plow does not reverse the ground at 180° and prepares fully for sowing, which leads to deterioration of the quality of the soil, to preserve the contamination of soil and additional costs for preplant soil treatment. The risk of soil erosion, moisture loss, lengthened the time of sowing. In addition, the device has a bulky design, a complex control system, the large resistance of the unit when working at ground level.

The invention solves the problem of improving the quality of soils, reduce soil erosion and moisture loss, reduce the time of sowing, simplify the design and reduce energy intensity.

The technical result consists in increasing quality, reducing soil erosion, reducing the time of sowing, increase efficiency in the fight with with the makami, increased productivity, simplify the design, reduce energy consumption, save money, time, service life of equipment.

To achieve the technical result in the plow that contains a frame, wheels, a working body for rotation and placement of the reservoir in the furrow made with a spiral working surface, Ripper, according to the invention is installed on the frame on the rack shaft with disks made corrugated, and scrapers, work the body in the form of half full screw, the inner side which is on the horizontal line in the center from the beginning to the end poludnica and outer helical working surface ends at the end of the shank, made at an acute angle to the front of poludnica fixed paw-Ripper, and to shank poludnica fixed replaceable baronci, made of plates, beveled at an acute angle from the front, and polasnki installed on the frame alternately right and left rotation, rear frame mounted on racks anchor packer with black Guillemot, and the frame is equipped with mechanisms to adjust the height of the shaft and the track roller relative to the frame.

The advantage of this plow is the following:

he quickly and easily is being prepared;

- cuts the soil at a given depth, not lifting it;

- fully 180° u is t cut layer;

- moves to the bottom of the furrow ponownie residues, weeds, weed seeds, not giving them the opportunity to grow;

- plowing a field furrow to furrow from beginning to end, without spending time and money to travel to the left side of the processed strips;

- does not displace in the direction of the treated soil;

- doesn't cut the ground;

- leaves furrows;

- does not require lifting tools at the end of the collective, allows to make a sharp turn in the workflow;

- does not require to plough the edge of the treated field;

- does not require re-processing area under sowing;

2.5 times more efficient than the traditional plough;

- 2 times improves tillage;

- 3 times reduces the time of sowing;

- 3 times better preserves soil moisture;

- dozens of times reduces wind and water erosion of soil;

- does not require high qualification of the operator;

- simple and cheap to manufacture;

- convenient and accessible for repair and replacement of instruments;

- can be closed protected by cladding from soil erosion at the time of processing.

- allows the operator to work at high speeds;

- the plow, you can directly sow;

the plow can be made for any power of the tractor to the desired depth.

All of the above advantages of the plow possible because storagekey plow is based on the principle of the barrel rifles: the cutting, and the trunk - conditional and no. In the proposed device, the cutting is spiral steel strip in the form of half screw (poludnica), equal in width to the radius of the conventional trunk. Spiral band starts behind the counter paws downwards from the centre of conditional trunk. The inner side of the strip is strictly horizontal line in the center from the beginning to the end of "conventional trunk. The outer side of the strip is along a helical line to the axis of conditional trunk, and ends at the end in a vertical position where the end of the shank, cut at an acute angle, and attached to the frame of the gun. Prusnek rotates trapped in the trunk of the ground at 180° during the movement of the plow forward. The front part poludnica mounted in the Central groove of the rack legs - cutting tool, special bench of this part poludnica (toe) allows mounting to him paw-Ripper.

Figure 1 shows the plow, side view; figure 2 is the same, front view.

The plow consists of a frame 1. To the frame 1 movably attached 2 hours. To the posts 2 through the bearings 3 is mounted a shaft 4 on which you installed corrugated disks 5. To the frame 1 is fixed rack 6 with paw-Ripper 7. Prusnek 8 one end attached to the rack 6, the other end to the frame 1.

Prusnek 8 made of a metal strip flexible way as half full auger. Spiral band WA who is behind the counter paws downwards from the centre of conditional trunk poludnica. The inner side of strip poludnica 8 is on the horizontal line in the center from the beginning to the end of "conditional trunk poludnica. The outer side of the strip is on the helix axis poludnica, and ends at the end in a vertical position, where continued shank, cut at an acute angle to the horizontal, and is fixed to the frame 1. Length poludnica equal to two standard diameters of the barrel. On the frame 1 can be installed several Volosnikov 8 on the basis of tractor power, which are alternately right and left rotation. The plow has front paws on the center of the barrel by the number of Volosnikov with grooves for mounting Volosnikov.

To the front of poludnica 8 (toe) is attached paw-Ripper 7, which the holder rests in the slice 6 hours. The shank poludnica 8 are attached to the replacement baronci 9, made of plates, beveled at an acute angle from the front. Behind the harrows 9 to the frame 1 by means of the movable rack 10 is attached anchor packer 11. On the frame 1 has two mechanism 12 regulation ploughing depth by adjusting the height of the shaft 4 and the track roller 11 with respect to the frame 1. On the shaft 4 is installed guillemots 13 for cleaning disks 5 and shaft 4 from adhering soil. On rink 11 installed the scraper 14. Shaft 4 and an ice rink 11 mounted on bearings 15.

The plow is attached to the tractor by means of the frame 16 and VA is the space 17. To adjust the depth of plowing the soil is the handle 18 for simultaneous raising and lowering of the uprights 2 and 10.

If necessary, the plow may have erosion control lining.

The plow works as follows. The specified depth of plowing through synchronous raising or lowering of the uprights 2 and 10 by means of the mechanism 12 and handle 18. When driving an arable unit corrugated disks 5 cut the soil into stripes of equal width, the radius of the conventional barrel formed by poludnica 8 to one paw 7 and one prusnek 8 was treated with two cut corrugated disks 5 bands. When this cut weeds, roots, ponownie residues. Paw-Ripper 7 cuts the ground horizontally at a given depth, prepare two cut strips of soil to the turnover of 180°. Prusnek 8 rotates the two strips are cut to the ground to the left or right 180° during the passage poludnica equal to the length of the two nominal stem. The rotation of the ground in the neighboring parusnikah necessarily in opposite directions - right, left. Each strip is placed exactly on the place upside down, and all weeds, weed seeds and ponownie remains compactly stacked on the bottom of the furrow, where they do grow, the more so that the plow can then sow as soil treated t is updated. Baronci 9 installed for poludnica 8, level and pulverize the soil. Rink 11 compacts treated soil, crushing it and changing the structure, which reduces the loss of moisture in the soil.

The plow may have seven or more Parusnikov, depending on the power of the tractor and ploughing depth. For example, the tractor "Belarus" power 80 HP can work with the plow on 7-8 Volosnikov width tillage 2.1 to 2.4 m with a depth of 17 to 25 cm

The design of the working bodies of the plow can reduce the resistance of the plough, save energy and time; to improve the quality of soil treatment; to reduce several times the number of weeds in the field; maintain and increase the humus of the soil by pregnelone weeds and pognivnih residues; reduce the time of sowing; to reduce the loss of moisture in the soil. The feature of the plow is in its flexibility: it can be deployed at 180° at the end of the furrow without lifting the plow.

When lifting the plow from the furrows it does not leave the ground. The plow allows you to plow a field trail to trail, because it does not leave the furrow, which also reduces wind erosion of soil.

The proposed device allows to increase the efficiency and profitability of agricultural activities by improving the processing of the soil, conserve soil moisture, reduce weeds, reduces the possible soil erosion. This reduces the time for sowing and increase productivity.

Plow comprising a frame, wheels, a working body for rotation and placement of the reservoir in the furrow made with a spiral working surface, Ripper, characterized in that the frame is installed on the rack shaft with disks made corrugated, and guillemots, and work the body in the form of half of the screw, the inner side of which is made by the horizontal line in the center from the beginning to the end of the working body and the outer helical working surface ends with a shank made from a cut at an acute angle to the horizontal plane, and the front part of the working body pinned Ripper in the leg while the shank of the working body attached interchangeable baronci, made of plates, front slanted at an acute angle, and the operating parts mounted on the frame alternately with the right and left direction of rotation of the ground and back on the frame is installed on the racks anchor packer with black Guillemot, and mounted on the frame of the mechanisms regulating the height of the shaft and the track roller relative to the frame.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, presowing soil tillage for cultivation of cereal, industrial, fodder, garden, berry and vegetable crops.

SUBSTANCE: tillage machine has frame, spherical disks mounted on frame in rows with the use of tines so that that their angle of attack may be adjusted, and roller. Bearing casing of each disk is positioned at its concave side, and tine is mounted on bearing casing. Each tine has rectilinear part and part bent toward disk concavity. Rectilinear part of tine is fixed on frame by means of sleeve whose lower part is cantilevered relative to frame, and bent part of tine is connected to tine bearing casing by means of attachment unit. Angle between axes of rectilinear and bent parts of tines is defined from formula β=arctg (D/2l)-β1, where D is diameter of disk, l is length of tine bent part, β1 is angle of inclination of disk to tine. Axis of rectilinear part of tine is arranged in single plane with lower point of disk edge. Roller is positioned at an angle to advancement direction and is pivotally mounted on frame so as to be readily dismantled, and axes of its pins are extending in horizontal plane. Each disk has detachable soil deforming devices mounted on frame. Said devices are fixed for rotation on tine and are made in the form of rods or needle disks which have diameter of about a quarter of diameter of spherical disk and are mounted on tine so as to be adjusted in horizontal and vertical plane relative to spherical disk. Sleeves for attachment of tines on frame comprise sealing members and have, in their upper part located above frame, washer and bolt for fixing tine relative to frame. Replaceable ring is positioned on disk pin for preventing pin from wear. Unit for attachment of tine to spherical disk comprises bearing casing positioned at concave side of spherical disk. Two brackets are rigidly fixed on bearing casing in spaced apart relation for accommodation of tine within said space. Lower end of tine abuts against bearing casing. Brackets and tine have fastening members for enabling rigid fixing of tine relative to disk to eliminate rotation thereof in vertical plane.

EFFECT: wider operational capabilities of machine, increased tillage quality and enhanced reliability in operation.

7 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, means used for basic soil tillage, cultivation and application of fertilizers and/or ameliorants.

SUBSTANCE: combined tillage tool has pulling means comprising turbosupercharger engine, gear box, hydraulic system, automatic engine load measuring unit, first, second and third actuating devices, controller, extrapolator, optimum definer, setter unit, and tillage command former. Output of load measuring unit is connected to first input of extrapolator, whose first output is connected to first input of controller and second output is connected to first input of optimum definer. Output of setter unit is connected to second input of controller, to third input of which controller output of optimum definer is connected. Tillage command former is connected to second control inputs of extrapolator, optimum definer and control input of setter unit. Output of optimum definer is connected to input of second comparator whose output is connected through third actuating device by means of tie-rod to control rack adapted for controlling of fuel feeding process.

EFFECT: increased precision in defining of optimum operation modes for engine and efficiency of soil tillage processes.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: tillage tool has frame consisting of front, rear, right-hand and left-hand bars with supporting-regulating device and working tools for basic soil tillage, said tools being made in the form of ripping-undercutting hoes. Central hoe has furrower and is fixed on front bar along tool longitudinal axis. Right-hand and left-hand ripping-undercutting hoes are mounted on respective lateral right-hand and left-hand bars of frame, symmetrically with respect to one another and at an angle to longitudinal axis of tool whose apex is oriented toward its rear part. Mounted on frame are right-hand and left-hand carrier members with right-hand and left-hand disk tools pivotally fixed on carriers, said tools being arranged at both sides of tillage tool, at an angle to its longitudinal axis. Right-hand and left-hand carrier members of disk working tools are positioned so as to be adjusted in vertical plane relative to frame. Disk-type working tool is pivotally secured in rear part of tillage tool, on one of side bars, in front of any outer ripping-undercutting hoe, and adapted for forming of stubble coulisse. Disk-type working tool is adapted for moving along side bar of frame and in vertical plane.

EFFECT: increased erosion-preventive effectiveness and reduced consumption of power during operation of tillage tool.

3 dwg

Tillage tool // 2289901

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, cultivation of soil by means of combined tools.

SUBSTANCE: tillage tool has frame, hitch tongue, carrier-transporting wheels, balance beam, disk batteries, hoes, and roller. Openings provided in upper arm of balance beam, whose point of support is positioned on tillage tool frame, are adapted for altering point of attachment of hydraulic cylinder, and its lower arm is connected to supporting-transporting wheels. Hitch tongue is located forward of disk batteries at altitude N=R+H, where R is radius of disks, m; H is operating depth of disks, m. Roller is pivotally connected to frame at altitude: K=L+M, where L is distance from frame to point of attachment of replaceable hoe, m; M is operating depth of roller, m. Hoes are equipped with three-faced wedge having upper cutting edge made in the form of hyperbole.

EFFECT: improved quality of soil, increased penetration of tillage tool, and uniform depth of working tools.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, vegetable growing.

SUBSTANCE: method involves cutting furrows; separating undercut soil layer; placing separated part of soil layer to furrow wall boundaries, followed by shifting thereof to furrow zone and forming of ridge; before separation procedure, subjecting undercut soil layer to rotavation, and after separation procedure, distributing unseparated part of soil layer in base of ridge side walls and forming track with flat bottom for passage of propellers of agrotechnical plant care machines. Apparatus has hillers fixed on frame and lateral rotavation drums equipped with housings. Separating grids disposed behind rotavation drums are made from C-shaped rods spaced from rotavation drum by distance enabling passage of rotavation drum knives through grid gaps and self-cleaning thereof. Apparatus is further equipped with section pivotally attached by means of carrier and flexible members on upper surface of rotavation drum housing. Side shields of housing are fixed at an angle to one another for forming of ridges. Hillers are positioned on frame forward of rotavation drums and have undercutting-turning front part and guarding-lateral vertical walls in rear part, having height at least equal to height of fastening drive shaft of rotavation drums. Lower edges of adjacent side shields of rotavation drum housing are positioned in one horizontal plane, at an angle to each other for forming track with flat bottom and width equal to width of propellers of plant care machines. Seeding section has seed hopper, seed guide, shank, coverer, and spring-loaded covering roller.

EFFECT: provision for forming of ridges from soil crumbles equal in size, planting to equal depth, retention of ridge shape during the entire plant vegetation period, harvesting without carrying out of soil from field.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, surface soil tillage technique.

SUBSTANCE: compacting-leveling system has tine and rollers mounted on tine. Each of said rollers has disks with bars. Tine is equipped with spring-loaded lever mounted thereon by means of pivot joint, with axis of said lever being positioned at center of gravity of said system, in parallel with axes of rotation of rollers. One of said rollers is fixed on one arm of lever and other roller is fixed on other arm of lever. Bars of one roller have C-shaped section with convexity oriented toward roller axis and are provided with teeth fixed thereto. Bars of other roller have semi-circular section with convexity oriented away from axis of roller and are fixed at an angle to radius of roller.

EFFECT: improved quality of soil tillage by providing simultaneous crumbling of soil lumps, compaction, leveling, mulching and forming of wind and water resistant surface of tilled field.

4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, may be used in vegetable growing.

SUBSTANCE: method involves cutting furrows by means of hiller hoes; forming ridges by raising, turning and laying of undercut soil layers on ridge bases; grinding soil crumbs by means of rotavator knives to seeding depth; leveling and forming ridges having height below 15 cm and apex width within 15-20 cm; forming concave curvature on surface of apex of each ridge, said curvature having elliptical section, and said ridges having slopes with angles of 45-55 deg; grinding soil crumbs to sizes of about 3 mm in sowing zone on surface at the level not below 60% of ridge surfaces by means of rotavator knives; providing soil density within the range of 1.15-1.25 g/cm3 using pressure of roller. Apparatus for forming ridges comprises frame carrying sequentially arranged sections of hiller hoes, rotavation drum with housing, and roller for compacting of ridges formed. Side shields of housing serve as ridge forming members. Roller is pivotally mounted on frame by means of pressing spring-loaded bar, is positioned between side shields and has width smaller than width of ridge surfaces. Side wings of hiller hoes on landward edges are equipped with cutting plates pivotally attached to land edges and are connected with one another through tensioning mechanism allowing ridge slope angle and width to be adjusted.

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3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment for tillage of soil in layers.

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8 dwg

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8 dwg

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2 dwg

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Plow // 2297746

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, tillage and preparing of soil for sowing procedure.

SUBSTANCE: plow has frame, disks, working tool designed for rotating and placing of soil layer into furrow and provided with helical working surface, and mellower. Shaft with corrugated disks and mud scrapers is mounted on tines on frame. Working tool is made in the form of half-screw whose inner side is extending centrally of horizontal straight line from leading end to working tool end and outer helical working surface terminates in shank beveled at an acute angle to horizontal plane. Mellower attached to front side of working tool is made in the form of hoe. Replaceable harrows joined to shank are comprised of plates beveled at an acute angle on their front sides. Working tools with right-handed and left-handed direction of rotation of ground are alternatively mounted on frame. Supporting compaction roller with mud scraper is mounted rearward of frame on tines. Mounted on frame are also shaft height adjustment mechanism and supporting roller height adjustment mechanism for adjusting height of roller and supporting mechanism relative to frame.

EFFECT: improved quality of soil tillage, reduced erosion processes and increased efficiency in weed controlling.

2 dwg

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