Facing structure for building facade finishing and arch module

FIELD: construction, particularly for tile laying on wall enclosures, namely on vented facades, to create relief architecture compositions (architectural orders) arranged in single plane.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises the first facing tile set including tiles having flat interior surfaces, which define common facade plane. Facing structure includes horizontal profiles fastened to vertical ones and connection members, which are secured to vertical profiles and provide visible or concealed facing tile connection. The connection members fix upper, lower tile parts or two adjacent tiles. Facing structure also comprises support flanges of tile edge fastening members. Tile edge fastening members adapted for concealed tile fastening are to be inserted in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The facing structure additionally has arch module projecting out of common building facade plane. The arch module is preliminarily assembled at building site and retained over arch formed in building wall by means of anchoring bolts passing through orifices of the supports. The facing structure also has the second tile set including tiles projecting out of common facade plane and having different cross-sections. Edges of the second tiles are supported by support flanges, which provide visible or concealed tile connection and have similar grooves adapted to receive wings of fastening members for concealed tile fastening. Arch module including facing tiles, connection members for visible or concealed tile connection, which secure lower tile parts and two adjacent tiles, and support flanges for tile edge fixation. The support flanges, which provide concealed tile fastening pass in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The arch module is made as frame including holders with box-like cross-sections and connected one with another by means of stiffening components. The holders have support for holder connection to wall. At least two members to secure lower tile parts and at least one member to retain two adjacent tiles are fastened to facial holder sides and define pockets for radially formed tiles receiving made in exterior frame part between the holders. Members for lower tile part fixation extend along longitudinal holder axes. Members for simultaneous fastening of two adjacent tiles are transversal to longitudinal holder axes.

EFFECT: possibility to change appearance of buildings including ones having arch openings.

5 cl, 21 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of construction and can be used for laying tiles on the wall protections, including ventilated facades, specifically to create a relief architectural compositions (architectural orders) facades of buildings and constructions made in the same plane.

Known for the design of cladding wall cladding in patent RU No. 2241101.

This facework adopted for the prototype. It includes tiles, horizontal profile with two supporting-fixing surfaces attached to a vertical surface, the elements of the visible and invisible fixing tiles with support wings to the edges of tiles.

This cladding wall cladding ensures reliable fixing of tiles on a wall fence, made in the same plane.

However, the design of the prototype does not allow you to change the architectural appearance of the facades of buildings, executed in the same plane and including arched doorways.

From the same patent-known tiles closest to the offer. This tile has a flat front surface and a flat back side and is used for facing flat exterior walls. The facade walls, an indoor mounted on it, certain tiles, turns out flat without relief architectural elements.

P is adegeye invention solves the problem change the architectural appearance of the building facades, made in the same plane and including arched doorways, due to changes in the design of cladding.

To achieve the technical result cladding of facades of buildings, containing a set of tiles with the front flat surfaces forming the General plane of the facade, horizontal profiles attached to the vertical profiles mounted on the horizontal profiles of the elements of the visible and/or invisible fixing of tiles for fastening to the top, bottom and two adjacent tiles, the supporting wings of elements for fastening them to the edges of the tiles, and supporting the wings of invisible fastening included in the corresponding grooves on the edges of the tiles, equipped with speakers from the General plane of the facade arched module, pre-assembled on site and secured above the arch in the wall through anchor bolts through the holes in the supports, and the second set of tiles, which are made projecting from the General plane of the facade, different in its cross section and which are arranged in a specific combination of tiles with a flat outer surface, and similarly the last ribs are attached on the supporting wings of the elements of the visible and/or invisible fixing of tiles and have the similar corresponding slots for the wings of invisible fastening.

In the arched module brackets are made of a U-shaped element and two l-shaped elements, one of which comprises a support and the upper arm, the other bearing and the lower console, a support rigidly interconnected and form a common support, advocating for the upper arm and provided with a hole for fastening to a wall, and the U-shaped element with its vertical shelves of chemicals which includes upper and lower console, the vertical shelves and console are connected with the ability to be moved and fixed relative to each other, and a horizontal shelf U-shaped element is the face of the bracket.

The vertical shelves and console are connected with the ability to be moved and fixed relative to each other through the oval holes and bolt connection.

While the stiffening elements made in the form of two bandpass profiles at the outer contour of the module and in the form of a curved metal cladding on the inner contour of the module.

To achieve the technical result of the proposed tiles containing the edges without grooves and/or ribs with grooves designed for mounting on the supporting wings of the elements are visible or invisible fixing of tiles during installation, made in the form of a volume of the hollow element, the cross section of which is between the edges of the mounting of the tile has the form of architectural bummer.

Tiles can be made so that the cross-section between the ribs fixing tiles made with the possibility of installation on a flat surface of the facade.

Tiles can be made so that the cross-section between the ribs fixing of tiles made with possibility of installation on a stepped surface of the facade.

The proposed izaberete the Oia are illustrated by the drawings, presented on Fig.1-21.

Figure 1 shows a General view of the cladding of the facade.

Figure 2 is a vertical section a-a in figure 1 on the sill ledge.

Figure 3 is a vertical section a-a in figure 1 on nadomnau the eaves.

Figure 4 (a, b) - a base, a vertical section a-a in figure 1, the front side of it.

Figure 5 is a vertical section a-a in figure 1 on the roof parapet.

Figure 6 is a vertical section a-a in figure 1 on the floor to the eaves.

Figure 7 is a vertical cross-section B-B in figure 1 by the arched module.

On Fig - horizontal section b-b In figure 1 on the side window slope.

Figure 9 is a horizontal section b-b In figure 1 on pilastre.

Figure 10 - tiles with the cross-section for installation on a stepped surface of the facade, with outer surface in the form of architectural bummer - cornice.

Figure 11 - tiles for installation on a flat surface of the facade, with outer surface in the form of a curvilinear architectural bummer (cornice).

On Fig (a, b, C)- tiles in the form of architectural bummer (vertical jamb), front side, side view, top view.

On Fig (a, b) - tiles, basement exterior side, a vertical section G-G.

On Fig (a, b, C, d) - tiles, exterior architectural side of the castle, top view, bottom view, side view.

On Fig - Arocha the first module Assembly, General view.

On Fig (a, b) - conductor pickup brackets, a General view of the section d-D of the groove of the conductor.

On Fig (a, b) - bracket Assembly with Z-shaped brackets, side view, front view.

On Fig (a, b) - metal cladding, axonometric, section E-E.

On Fig (a, b) - bracket Assembly with bearing profiles and fasteners tiles (leaf and double brackets) on the front side, side view, front view.

On Fig (a, b) radial tile to the frontal surface of the arched module, front view, side view.

On Fig - section f-F in Fig (arch module).

Facing facades of buildings consists of a set of tiles 1 with flat front surfaces forming the General plane of the fašade, set of 2 tiles, projecting from the General plane of the facade, vertical bearing profiles 3, a bracket 4 attached to a wall anchor bolts 6, the insulation 7, the horizontal profiles 8 with two supporting-fixing surfaces 9, mounted on the vertical profiles 3, the fastening elements 10, items 11, 12, 13 invisible fixing of tiles 1 and 2.

The elements 11 are intended for fastening the lower portions of the tiles, the elements 12 for fastening the upper parts of the tiles, the elements 13 for fastening two adjacent tiles. Elements 11-13 are the clamps 14 for mounting on the locking surface 9 and reference krill is 15 for fastening them to the edges of the tiles. While the clamps 14 elements 11, 12 comprise one reference-fixing surface 9, and terminals 14 items 13 cover both the reference-fixing surface 9.

Exposed fasteners 11, 12 tiles are identical and shown in figure 3. The difference lies in the fact that the supporting wings 15 elements 11-13 invisible fastening engaging corresponding grooves 16 on the edges of the tiles.

Tile 2 is a three-dimensional hollow element, the cross section of which is between the edges 17 of the mounting of the tile has the form of architectural bummer.

Tiles 2 are located on the wall in a certain combination with tiles 1 depending on the form of architectural elements (architectural order):

- parapet cornice 18,

- nadomnogo cornice 19,

- cornice cap 20,

- front part of the cap 21,

- cornice parapet 22,

- floor ledge 23,

- side window of a slope 24,

- pilasters 25,

- architectural lock 26.

Tile 2 can be installed on flat and stepped on the surface of the facade.

Tiles for installation on a flat surface of the facade shows:

in figure 1, 8, 12 for forming the side window jambs 24;

in figure 1, 2, 3, 6, 11 for forming the sill ledge 18, nadomnogo ledge 19 and the floor of the ledge 23;

in figures 1, 4(b), 13 for forming a front portion of the base 21;

<> in figure 1, 14 for the formation of an architectural lock 26.

For installation of tile on the stepped surface of the facade they cross-section is made with offset edges 17 relative to each other (figure 10 to form the eaves of the cap 20, 1,4(a) and for the cornice parapet 22, figure 1, figure 5).

The fašade of the building also consists of arched module (Fig). He performed in the frame of brackets 27 and going to pre-construction site on the conductor 28.

The conductor is made in the form of a curved, for example semi-circular, structures (Fig) with a series of radially placed grooves 29 intended for pickup brackets 27.

The brackets have a box-shaped cross section and is made of two l-shaped elements and a U-shaped element. One l-shaped element comprises a support and the upper arm 30, the other l-shaped element comprises a support and lower the console 31. Supports are rigidly interconnected and form a common support 32, part of which is for the upper arm and provided with a hole 33 for fastening to the wall 5. The u-shaped element 34 comprises upper and lower console. Vertical shelf U-shaped element and the console is connected with the ability to be moved and fixed relative to each other due to the oblong holes (not shown) and bolt connection 35. A horizontal shelf P-clicks the knowledge element 34 is a face of the bracket.

The brackets are fastened to each other by stiffening elements. The stiffening elements 36, Fig, 19 made in the form of two curved strip profiles on the outer contour of the module and secured to the upper sides of the brackets by screws 37. The element stiffness 38, Fig, 19, in the form of a curved metal cladding circuit module mounted on the supporting elements 39.

Bearing elements 39, Fig represent the Z-shaped clips, which were among their shelves mounted on opposite ends of the lower sides of the bracket, and the other shelves are oriented in opposite directions.

Metal cladding 38 (Fig) for mounting on the Z-shaped bracket has a U-shaped flared edges and the radius of curvature of the inner contour of the conductor.

On the front sides 34 of the brackets 27 along their longitudinal axis is fixed, the two elements 11 for fastening the lower portions of the plates and across the longitudinal axis of one fixed element 13 for fastening two adjacent tiles.

The fastening elements 11, 13 Fig shown by the horizontal profiles 8. For the fastening element 13 profiles 8 are installed vertically, and for fastening elements 11 profiles 8 are installed horizontally. The elements 11 and 13, secured form on the frontal part of the frame between the brackets 27 pockets 40.

The pockets 40 are installed facing ovocny radial tile 41. They are made in accordance with pockets and with radii of curvature of the outer and inner faces corresponding to the radii of curvature of the outer and inner contours of the conductor 28. Adjacent tiles in the pockets 41 are guided by the lower ribs on the abutment wings 15 elements 11, and the side edges on one of the support wings 15 of the element 13, deflected in the direction of the ribs. Based on the radial edges of the tiles are made grooves 16, figure 10, to approach them in support of the wings 15.

Cladding wall cladding is mounted as follows.

Preliminary on-site collect arch module. First assemble the brackets 27 of the l-shaped elements 30, 31, 32, the U-shaped elements 34 and lower sides of the arms with Z-shaped brackets 39. Bonded l-shaped elements are laid in the grooves 29 of the conductor 28. This supports 32 extend beyond the outer contour of the conductor. Before the final fastening of the U-shaped element screwed 35 formed inside the box-shaped volume bracket lay the insulation 7. Then on the lower brackets 31 and covering their shelves the U-shaped elements secured by screws 37 Z-shaped clips that go beyond the inner contour of the conductor. Then the brackets fasten the stiffening elements 36, which are secured by screws 37 to form the upper contour of the arched module, and the metal is ical facing 38 is fixed to the Z-shaped brackets on the front side of the arch by a U-shaped flange and screws 37, and the back of the staples of the staple 39 by screws 37 and form the bottom contour of the arched module. On the front sides of the brackets installing the fasteners of the lower parts of the tiles 11 and the fastening elements of two adjacent tiles 13. Thus, on the frontal part of the arched module between the brackets create pockets 40, in which radial push tile 41. Obtained a rigid frame arch module, including the brackets 27 and the elements 36 and 38, serves on the mounting location and fasten through the holes 33 in bearings 32 on the wall 5 anchor bolts 6.

Then on the wall 4 install the brackets 5, the insulation 7, vertical profiles 3, the horizontal profiles 8.

Laying the tiles 1 and 2 start with the lower number of horizontal profile 8 elements 11 mounting the lower parts of the tiles, and finish installing the upper row of the profile 8 of the fastening elements 12 of the upper parts of the tiles. The installation of the following rows of tiles solid facade produced by elements 13 for fastening two adjacent height of the tiles.

The formation of the relief of architectural elements shall exercise due to a particular combination of tile 1 tile 2.

The use of the invention it is possible using known hardware.

1. Facing facades of buildings containing the first set of tiles from the front flat surface is Rostami, forming a common plane of the facade, horizontal profiles attached to the vertical profiles mounted on the horizontal profiles of the elements of the visible and/or invisible fixing of tiles, designed for fastening the upper, lower parts of two adjacent tiles or tiles, supporting the wings of the elements for fastening them to the edges of the tiles, and supporting the wings of invisible fastening included in the corresponding grooves on the edges of the tiles, characterized in that it further comprises a speaker from the General plane of the facade arched module, pre-assembled on site and secured above the arch in the wall by anchor bolts through the holes in the supports, the second a set of tiles, which are made projecting from the General plane of the facade, different cross-section, these tiles are similar to the tiles with a flat outer surface ribs are attached on the supporting wings of the elements of the visible and/or invisible fixing of tiles and have the similar corresponding slots for the wings of invisible fastening.

2. Arched module containing tiles, items visible and/or invisible fixing of tiles for fastening the lower parts of two adjacent tiles and tiles, anchor wings for fastening them to the edges of the tiles, and supporting the wings of the element is invisible fastening included in the corresponding grooves on the edges of the tiles, characterized in that it is made in the frame of brackets fastened to each other by stiffening elements, and the brackets have a box-shaped cross-section and a support for fastening to a wall, at least two elements for fastening the lower parts of tiles and at least one element for fastening two adjacent tiles mounted on the front sides of the brackets and form the frontal part of the frame between the brackets pockets to install radial made of tiles, while the elements for fastening the lower portions of the tiles are installed along, and elements for simultaneous mounting of two adjacent tiles across the longitudinal axes of the brackets.

3. Arched module according to claim 2, characterized in that the brackets are made of a U-shaped element and two l-shaped elements, one of which comprises a support and the upper arm, the other bearing and the lower console, a support rigidly interconnected and form a common support, advocating for the upper arm and provided with a hole for fastening to a wall, and the U-shaped element with its vertical shelves covers the top and bottom of the console, with vertical shelves and console are connected with the ability to be moved and fixed relative to each other, and a horizontal shelf U-shaped element is facial side bracket.

4. Arched module according to claim 3, ex is different, however, the vertical shelves and console are connected with the ability to be moved and fixed relative to each other through the oval holes and bolt connection.

5. Arched module according to claim 2, characterized in that the stiffening elements made in the form of two bandpass profiles at the outer contour of the module and in the form of a curved metal cladding on the inner contour of the module.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: building, particularly factory-assembled blocks units made as heat-insulation panels for building or building structure facade finishing.

SUBSTANCE: wall panel for building structure facing and heating comprises silicate glass sheet or ceramic granite plate arranged from facade surface of the building structure. Silicate glass sheet or ceramic granite plate are preferably provided with decoration and has several heat-insulation material blocks connected to rear surface thereof through reinforcing net. The blocks are preferably formed of foamed polymeric material with closed pores obtained by extrusion operation, namely of polyurethane foam or expanded polystyrene. The blocks are united by reinforcing net connected to them by adhesive composition. Additional block row may be connected to rear panel side and fastened to main blocks. Outer surfaces of at least some blocks are provided with longitudinal and/or transversal grooves adapted to arrange guiding means of load-bearing structure. The grooves are used to receive projected parts of anchors fastened in main and/or additional block layers and are to be connected with guiding means of load-bearing structure. Silicate glass sheet or ceramic granite plate are connected to main and/or additional block layers by not less than 4 anchors passing through reinforcing net glued to the sheet or the plate. Main and additional blocks are laid so that joints thereof are keyed. Gaps between block ends are filled with adhesive or binding composition.

EFFECT: increased ecological safety, simplified assemblage along with solution of simultaneous complex problems associated with heat-insulation building property improvement.

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Tiles // 2138602

FIELD: construction engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used for external system of heat protection (ventilated facades) and it is intended for forming external wall enclosures with increased thermo-technical characteristics. Method includes preliminary mounting of window modules a t construction site, height of modules doesn't exceed three floors; window modules are built in form of frame carcasses. Window modules are mounted in form of frame carcass of design architectural window opening. Then vertical beacons are mounted later along line of designed joints of wall enclosures, while taking compensation spaces in mentioned joints into account, and along line of side slopes of designed window openings. Openings disposed in relation to vertical beacons are marked and drilled in coverings for making fixing units; fixing units are mounted in pairs and tied together preliminary by threaded pins through openings in support paws of units and openings in coverings. Pullout console are removed outside contours of coverings. Separate posts and window modules are mounted in fixing units due to bringing openings in embrace fork of fixing unit with corresponding oval openings at ends of separate posts and posts of window modules and they are fastened by threaded connection. Compensation spaces are provided at edges of posts at level of coverings b subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift. Plane of façade is graded due to subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift at direction being perpendicular to plane of façade. Designed joints of wall enclosures and side slopes of designed architectural window openings relatively vertical beacons are checked through horizontal shift of separate posts and window modules. Fixing units are coupled finally by means of thread pins through additional fixing openings inside their carrier consoles and through preliminary drilled openings in coverings. Horizontal beacons are installed on line of top and low slides of designed architectural window openings. Reliability of horizontal tying of window openings is inspected due to sifting horizontal cross stapling along posts of window modules. Window units are installed inside designed architectural window openings and inter-level wall enclosures are formed by fixing sandwich-type panels to back sides of separate posts and posts of window modules due to L-shaped fixing elements and self-tapping screws. Then inter-level gaps among wall enclosures are made habitable to winter due to fixing warm-keeping stuff by plate dowels to coverings at side of faced; then members for fixing facing are mounted. Device for realization of the method is also described.

EFFECT: quicker mounting and dismounting of wall enclosures; higher efficiency of warming.

7 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: support panel has rectangular shape and is provided with four fastening members arranged on inner surface thereof. The fastening members are made as mounting hooks formed so that distance between inner panel surface and hook end L is equal to heat insulation layer thickness H. Horizontal and vertical distances between the hooks correspond to distance between ears connected to load-bearing structure of building.

EFFECT: simplified structure and assembly operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises parallel carrying profiles each formed of metal or polymeric material by extrusion operation or by sheet material bending. Each profile has hollow post. Orifices to connect carrying profiles to bearing structure are formed in carrying profile base. The carrying profile base also has clamp. Opposite side of the base is defined by partitions having free ends creating gap along carrying profile of the second post. Partitions are located between carrying profile posts and extend transversely to the posts. The partitions are made as posts of carrying profile having H-shaped cross-section and located between the posts. Posts of H-shaped carrying profile are defined by flanges and post of thrust profiles having U-shaped cross sections connecting the flanges. The thrust profiles face cladding panels by opened cavities thereof. Free end of each flange defined by thrust profile cross-section is bent inside the cavity so that acute angle is created in-between. Extensions of longitudinal mounting profile ridges are arranged between trust profile bends. The mounting profile has longitudinal extensions. Mounting profile strip touches free end of each mounting profile flange at bends. Longitudinal extension of face side ribs are directed one towards another. Adjacent cladding panels create cladding panel fixing profile at joint between grooves thereof in which longitudinal mounting profile rib extension are inserted.

EFFECT: simplified facing structure, increased manufacturability, reduced labor inputs for facing structure assemblage, prevention of panels to be connected misalignment.

10 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members, fastening members and a number of support units. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each load-bearing member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Bottom part of load-bearing U-shaped profile is provided with at least three elongated orifices for load-bearing profile connection to support unit and for hanging member connection to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile. Orifices in end plate, hanging member and load-bearing U-shaped profile are similar in shape. Load-bearing U-shaped profile orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing U-shaped profile.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging.

5 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.

14 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.

SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.

EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.

SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.

EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.

4 cl, 3 dwg

The invention relates to the field of construction, namely the construction of multilayer glazing

The invention relates to the field of construction and is intended to improve the thermal performance of building envelopes of residential and public buildings and structures, as well as improve their appearance

FIELD: construction engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used for external system of heat protection (ventilated facades) and it is intended for forming external wall enclosures with increased thermo-technical characteristics. Method includes preliminary mounting of window modules a t construction site, height of modules doesn't exceed three floors; window modules are built in form of frame carcasses. Window modules are mounted in form of frame carcass of design architectural window opening. Then vertical beacons are mounted later along line of designed joints of wall enclosures, while taking compensation spaces in mentioned joints into account, and along line of side slopes of designed window openings. Openings disposed in relation to vertical beacons are marked and drilled in coverings for making fixing units; fixing units are mounted in pairs and tied together preliminary by threaded pins through openings in support paws of units and openings in coverings. Pullout console are removed outside contours of coverings. Separate posts and window modules are mounted in fixing units due to bringing openings in embrace fork of fixing unit with corresponding oval openings at ends of separate posts and posts of window modules and they are fastened by threaded connection. Compensation spaces are provided at edges of posts at level of coverings b subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift. Plane of façade is graded due to subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift at direction being perpendicular to plane of façade. Designed joints of wall enclosures and side slopes of designed architectural window openings relatively vertical beacons are checked through horizontal shift of separate posts and window modules. Fixing units are coupled finally by means of thread pins through additional fixing openings inside their carrier consoles and through preliminary drilled openings in coverings. Horizontal beacons are installed on line of top and low slides of designed architectural window openings. Reliability of horizontal tying of window openings is inspected due to sifting horizontal cross stapling along posts of window modules. Window units are installed inside designed architectural window openings and inter-level wall enclosures are formed by fixing sandwich-type panels to back sides of separate posts and posts of window modules due to L-shaped fixing elements and self-tapping screws. Then inter-level gaps among wall enclosures are made habitable to winter due to fixing warm-keeping stuff by plate dowels to coverings at side of faced; then members for fixing facing are mounted. Device for realization of the method is also described.

EFFECT: quicker mounting and dismounting of wall enclosures; higher efficiency of warming.

7 cl, 11 dwg

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