Method and device for mounting of ventilated facades

FIELD: construction engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used for external system of heat protection (ventilated facades) and it is intended for forming external wall enclosures with increased thermo-technical characteristics. Method includes preliminary mounting of window modules a t construction site, height of modules doesn't exceed three floors; window modules are built in form of frame carcasses. Window modules are mounted in form of frame carcass of design architectural window opening. Then vertical beacons are mounted later along line of designed joints of wall enclosures, while taking compensation spaces in mentioned joints into account, and along line of side slopes of designed window openings. Openings disposed in relation to vertical beacons are marked and drilled in coverings for making fixing units; fixing units are mounted in pairs and tied together preliminary by threaded pins through openings in support paws of units and openings in coverings. Pullout console are removed outside contours of coverings. Separate posts and window modules are mounted in fixing units due to bringing openings in embrace fork of fixing unit with corresponding oval openings at ends of separate posts and posts of window modules and they are fastened by threaded connection. Compensation spaces are provided at edges of posts at level of coverings b subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift. Plane of façade is graded due to subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift at direction being perpendicular to plane of façade. Designed joints of wall enclosures and side slopes of designed architectural window openings relatively vertical beacons are checked through horizontal shift of separate posts and window modules. Fixing units are coupled finally by means of thread pins through additional fixing openings inside their carrier consoles and through preliminary drilled openings in coverings. Horizontal beacons are installed on line of top and low slides of designed architectural window openings. Reliability of horizontal tying of window openings is inspected due to sifting horizontal cross stapling along posts of window modules. Window units are installed inside designed architectural window openings and inter-level wall enclosures are formed by fixing sandwich-type panels to back sides of separate posts and posts of window modules due to L-shaped fixing elements and self-tapping screws. Then inter-level gaps among wall enclosures are made habitable to winter due to fixing warm-keeping stuff by plate dowels to coverings at side of faced; then members for fixing facing are mounted. Device for realization of the method is also described.

EFFECT: quicker mounting and dismounting of wall enclosures; higher efficiency of warming.

7 cl, 11 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of construction, particularly construction technology outside of thermal protection system (ventilated facades), and is intended for forming the exterior wall covering with improved thermal characteristics.

The known method bezrazmetochnoj installation of ventilated facades in the patent RU No. 2241102 adopted for the prototype. The method includes pre-Assembly on-site modules, external and internal corners, window modules with three degrees of freedom that perform the function of supporting frames facing the window-frame, Assembly kits multi-row horizontal profiles.

From the same patent a device for implementing the method of installation of ventilated facades, closest to the offer. The device comprises a supporting frame including external and internal corners, window modules, and the modules are made of a height not exceeding the height of the floor and is equipped with a set of bearing brackets, a set of horizontal profiles of multilayer insulation from a piece of insulation. Window modules are in the frame of the frame of the two vertical sections and two horizontal profiles, connected with the formation of a closed loop corresponding to the architectural outline of the window opening and can move Horiz is Talnah profiles along vertical profiles.

The known method and device allow to improve thermal insulation of building envelopes of residential and public buildings and structures, as well as to reduce the labor costs of the work performed through the use of integrated blocks that perform the function of supporting frames and frames facing the window-frame at the same time.

In the known solution the bearing frame and the frames facing the window-frame mounted on the existing walling fencing. Therefore, this solution cannot be used for installation of ventilated facades framed buildings.

The invention solves the problem of the construction of lightweight external wall fences lined with enhanced thermal characteristics and with the simultaneous possibility of their removal and repair during operation.

To achieve the technical result of the proposed method of installation of ventilated facades, including pre-Assembly at the construction site of window modules with a height not exceeding the height of the floor frame frames, window modules are collected in the form of frame frame design architectural window openings, and then produce:

- installation of vertical beacons along the lines of the design panel joints given in the joints of panels compensatory gaps and lines of the side slopes of the design architecture is to become of window openings,

- layout and drilling of the holes relative to the vertical beacons on the ceiling for mounting the fixing nodes

- pairwise installation mounting assemblies and pre-tightening them between the studs through the holes in the support legs fastening knots and holes in ceilings, with retractable console outside of the contours of the slab,

- the installation of a separate racks and window modules in fixing nodes by combining the holes in the fork coverage of the fixing node with the corresponding oval holes on the ends of the individual racks and racks of window modules and fastening them by bolting,

in the ends of these racks on the ceiling provide compensatory gaps by vertical movement of the individual racks and window modules,

- then make leveling the plane of the facade by moving individual racks and window modules in the direction perpendicular to the plane of the facade,

- the alignment of project joints of wall fences and side slopes architectural design of window openings relative to the vertical beacons by horizontal movement of the individual racks and window modules,

- final tie fastening knots threaded rods through additional mounting holes in the support brackets and pre-Prov Lennie holes in the ceiling,

- installation of horizontal beacons along the line of the upper and lower slopes of the architectural design of window openings and the alignment of horizontal studs of window modules relative to the horizontal beacons by moving the horizontal studs along the racks of window modules,

- installation of window units within the architectural design of window openings,

- produce the formation of the intermediate wall fences by fastening to the back sides of individual racks and racks of window modules boxed panels "sandwich" at the expense of the l-shaped fastening elements and self-tapping screws

- and then produce a warming of intermediate gaps between wall fence by attaching a piece of insulation disc anchors to the ceiling from the front,

- installation of elements for fastening the lining.

To achieve the technical result of the device for implementing the method of installation of ventilated facades, containing supporting frame including a window modules made with a height not exceeding the height of the floor frame of a frame of vertical and horizontal elements, connected with the formation of a closed loop corresponding to the architectural outline of the window opening, and to move the horizontal elements along the vertical elements, e is the elements for fastening cladding, block heater, equipped with sets: assorted fasteners nodes, individual vertical elements height not exceeding the height of floors, window units, wall covering,

- the vertical and horizontal frame elements of the frame are connected with the formation of a closed loop corresponding to architectural design the contour of the window opening,

- individual vertical elements vertical elements of window modules are designed as hollow rectangular racks

and horizontal elements of window modules are designed as hollow rectangular horizontal studs,

prefabricated mounting site includes: two-bearing element, the bearing console with an element of rigidity, a sliding console in the form of the l-shaped element, an additional mounting hole

- the first stage of the support element made in the form of support legs with holes, the second stage is rigidly connected to support legs of the first stage with the formation of internal niche between the legs supporting the console with the element stiffness one end connected with the second stage with the possibility of moving and fixing it along the second stage, and the other end is connected with a sliding l-shaped bracket, the free end of which is provided with a fork coverage, covering the side of which is provided coaxially open the s, when this console is interconnected with the ability to be moved and fixed relative to each other, and additional mounting hole is located on the carrier console

- separate racks and racks of window modules upper and lower ends fixed in the fork of coverage with the possibility of vertical movement,

- window units installed inside the architectural outline of the window opening,

- walling is made of a height not exceeding the height of the floor and of a width less than the width of the room from a set piece panels of the sandwich type and fixed to the back sides of individual racks and racks of window modules, while in the joints of wall fences and at the ends of the racks on the ceiling made compensatory gaps

piece of insulation fixed to the joists in the floor gaps between wall fence,

- facing with its fastening elements secured to the front sides of individual racks and racks of window modules.

A device for implementing the installation of ventilated facades is also characterized by the fact that the carrier console connected to the second stage with the possibility of moving and fixing it along the second stage through the oval holes in the stairs and bolted connection.

A device for implementing the installation of ventilated facades is also characterized by the fact that h is on the console are connected with the ability to be moved and fixed relative to each other through the oval holes in the brackets and bolted connection.

A device for implementing the installation of ventilated facades is also characterized by the fact that the element stiffness carrier console made in the form of a support rigidly connected with the bearing console with emphasis on the ceiling.

A device for implementing the installation of ventilated facades is also characterized by the fact that the rack is fixed in the fork of coverage through the oval holes at the ends of the uprights and bolted connection.

The invention is illustrated in the drawings, which depict:

figure 1 - ventilated facade system with tiles, General view;

figure 2 - the same with the veneer siding, General view;

figure 3 (a, b, C, d, e) - window module, section 1-1, site I, site II, site III;

figure 4 (a, b) is a two - step fastening element node, type A;

figure 5 (a, b) - carrier console mounting site, type A;

figure 6 (a, b) - retractable console mounting site, type A;

figure 7 (a, b) - mounting Assembly, type A;

on Fig - section a-a in figure 1;

figure 9 - section a-a in figure 2;

figure 10 - interwindow pier, view from above;

figure 11 is a plan of the fastening Assembly with a separate stand.

The device for implementing the method of installation of ventilated facades is a bearing frame (1, 2). The frame includes: window modules 1, individual vertical elements 2, the modules and the Department of the major elements are made of a height not exceeding the height of the floor, fasteners 3, window units 4, walling from a set of panels 5 "sandwich", a piece of insulation 6.

The window module 1 is made in the frame of the frame of the two vertical elements 7 and two horizontal hollow rectangular studs 8, connected with the formation of a closed loop 9, which corresponds to the architectural design of the contour of the window opening. Vertical elements 7 and horizontal strapping 8 are connected with the possibility of movement of the studs along the vertical elements at the expense of area 10, is rigidly fixed to the studs 8 and connected to the vertical elements 7 through oblong holes 11 in the vertical element 7 and the bolt connection 12.

Individual vertical elements 2 and vertical elements 7 window modules are designed as hollow rectangular rack with oval holes 13 on the upper and lower ends.

Precast retaining node 3 includes two supporting element, the first stage of which is made in the form of support legs 14 with holes 15 for mounting and pairwise preliminary tightening of the fixing nodes 3 through the ceiling 16 threaded studs 17. The second stage 18 are rigidly connected to support legs 14 with the formation of internal niches 19 between the legs, limited height of the first step. NIS is designed to reg the programme mounting site with a wrench during installation. Precast retaining the site also includes a bearing console 20 in the form of a plate and sliding the console 21 in the form of the l-shaped element. In the console carrier 20 is made of an additional mounting hole 22 for the final pairwise tightening fastening knots through the ceiling 16 threaded studs 23. The element stiffness 24 console carrier 20 is made in the form of support. Bearing associated with the console firmly and with emphasis in overlay 16. Bearing console 20 with one end connected with the second stage 18 can move and fixation along the second stage through the oval hole 25 made in the second stage 18 and bolt connection 26. The other end of the carrier console 20 and one end of the l-shaped retractable console 21 are connected with the ability to be moved and fixed relative to each other through the oval holes 27, 28 and bolt connection 29. The free end of the l-shaped retractable console 21 is equipped with a fork coverage 30, covering the sides of which are made of coaxial holes 31.

Separate 2 hours and 7 hours of window modules fixed in the fork of coverage 30 with the possibility of vertical movement through the aligned holes 31 and oval holes 13 at the ends of the uprights bolted connection 32.

Window units 4 is installed inside a closed contour 9 of window modules 1.

Walling will the tive in the form of a set of three-layer with insulation inside the panels 5 "sandwich" height floor height and a width less than the width of the room. Panel "sandwich" is fixed with the rear sides of individual racks 2 racks and window 7 modules with self-tapping screws 34 at the corners 35, which in turn are attached to the lateral sides of these racks similar self-tapping screws 34.

Block heater 6 is fixed in the intermediate gaps (not shown) between the wall fences disc plugs 36 to the ceiling 16.

At the ends of the above posts and in the joints above a wall covering is provided compensatory gaps 37, as a preventive measure against possible explosions domestic gas, providing emergency relief wall fences under the impact of the blast wave.

With the front sides of individual racks and racks of window modules mounted facing with its fastening elements.

Lining 38 in the form of siding mounted on a vertical profile l-shaped elements 39 self-tapping screws 40. Moreover, the elements 39 a similar self-tapping screws 40 are fixed on the sides of racks 2 racks and window 7 modules 1.

Facing 41 in the form of tiles mounted on a horizontal profiles 42 assembled with the lower end capping 43, the upper end cleats 44 and double capping 45. The horizontal profiles 42 mounted on the core l-shaped elements 39 a similar self-tapping screws 40.

The way Montt is MS ventilated facade performed in the following sequence.

Preliminary on-site collect frame frames architectural design of window openings (window modules 1).

Along the perimeter of the parapet break-axis design of the joints of a wall covering with regard to the joints compensatory gaps 37 and the side slopes of the architectural design of window openings. Then with the help of a plumb establish vertical beacons from the parapet to the basement of the building (not shown).

Make a hole (not shown) about a vertical beacons on the ceiling 16 and their subsequent drilling for fastening the fastening sites 3.

Produce pairwise installation fixing nodes 3 and pre-tightening them between the studs 17 through the holes 15 in the support legs 14 and openings (not shown) in the ceiling 16. This retractable console 21 outside the contours of the ceiling.

Installs a separate racks 2 and window modules 1 in the fixing nodes by combining the aligned holes 31 in the plug coverage 30 mounting site with the appropriate oval holes 13 at the ends of the individual racks 2 racks and window 7 modules and their fastening bolts 32. In the ends of these racks on the ceiling 16 provide compensatory gaps 37 by vertical movement of the individual racks and window modules.

Produce Nepali ovcu facade plane by moving the individual racks and window modules in the direction perpendicular to the plane of the facade through the oval holes 27, 28 the ejector 21 and the bearing 20 consoles and bolted connection 29.

Perform reconciliation of project joints of wall fences and side slopes architectural design of window openings 9 relative to the vertical beacons by horizontal movement of the individual racks and window modules by moving the carrier console 20 along the second degree 18 fixing node.

Then do the final tie fastening knots 3 threaded rods 23 through additional mounting holes 22 in the support brackets 20 and openings (not shown), pre-drilled in the slab 16.

Install using gidrourovnyu horizontal beacons (not shown) along the line of the upper and lower slopes of the architectural design of window openings 9. Produce the alignment of horizontal studs 8 relative to the horizontal beacons by moving the horizontal studs along the racks 7 window modules 1 through oblong holes 11 and bolt connection 12 at the connection of the uprights 7 and corners 10.

Install window units within the architectural design of window openings 9.

Produce the formation of the intermediate wall covering from floor to ceiling by attaching to the back sides of individual racks and racks of window modules unit panels 5 "sandwich". Panel self-tapping screws 34 sacrale the t on the corners 35, which are similar to the screws 34 are secured on the sides of racks 2 racks and 7.

Produce warming of intermediate gaps between wall fencing (panels 5). For this piece the heater 6 disc dowels 36 are fixed to the ceiling 16 of the facade.

Then set the elements for fastening cladding and produce fastening the lining.

The lining 38 in the form of siding is fixed on the vertical profile of l-shaped elements 39 self-tapping screws 40. At the same time similar screws 40, these elements are secured on the sides of individual racks 2 racks and 7 modules 1.

The lining 41 in the form of tiles fixed on a horizontal profiles 42 in Assembly with the known means of attachment of the tiles: the lower end capping 43, the upper end cleats 44, double capping 45. The horizontal profiles 42 is fixed on the core l-shaped elements 39 a similar self-tapping screws 40.

After laying on each floor of the building frame creates a three-layer design wall cladding with the cladding and with improved thermal characteristics.

The use of the invention it is possible using known hardware.

1. The method of installation of ventilated facades, including pre-Assembly p is uploadme window modules with a height not exceeding the height of the floor frame of the frames, characterized in that window modules are collected in the form of frame frame design architectural window openings, and then installs a vertical beacons on project joints of wall fences, taking into account in these joints compensatory gaps, and side slopes of the architectural design of window openings, marking and drilling holes relative to the vertical beacons on the ceiling for mounting the mounting sites, pairwise installation mounting assemblies and pre-tightening them between the studs through the holes in the support legs fastening knots and holes in ceilings, with retractable console outside of the contours of the ceiling, install a separate racks and window modules in mounting the nodes by combining the holes in the fork coverage of the fixing node with the corresponding oval holes on the ends of the individual racks and racks of window modules and their fastening bolts, the ends of these racks on the ceiling provide compensatory gaps by vertical movement of the individual racks and window modules, then make leveling the plane of the facade by moving individual racks and window modules in the direction perpendicular to the plane of the facade, the alignment of project joints of wall fences and side slope is in the architectural design of window openings relative to the vertical beacons by horizontal movement of the individual racks and window modules, the final tie fastening knots threaded rods through additional mounting holes in the support brackets and pre-drilled holes in ceilings, installation of horizontal beacons along the line of the upper and lower slopes of the architectural design of window openings and the alignment of horizontal studs of window modules relative to the horizontal beacons by moving the horizontal studs along the racks of window modules, installation of window units within the architectural design of window openings, the formation of the intermediate wall fences by fastening to the back sides of individual racks and racks of window modules boxed panels "sandwich" at the expense of the l-shaped fastening elements and self-tapping screws, and then produce a warming of intermediate gaps between the wall fences by fastening a piece of insulation disc anchors to the ceiling from the front and setting elements for fastening the lining.

2. The device for implementing the method of installation of ventilated facades according to claim 1, containing supporting frame including a window modules made with a height not exceeding the height of the floor frame of a frame of vertical and horizontal elements, connected with the formation of a closed loop, the corresponding architectural contours of the eye, the aqueous opening and can move horizontal elements along the vertical elements, elements for fastening cladding, block heater, characterized in that it includes packages for prefabricated mounting sites, individual vertical elements height not exceeding the height of floors, window units, wall covering, with vertical and horizontal frame elements of the frame are connected with the formation of a closed loop corresponding to architectural design the contour of the window opening, a separate vertical elements vertical elements of window modules are designed as hollow rectangular uprights and horizontal elements of window modules are designed as hollow rectangular horizontal studs, prefabricated mounting site includes two supporting element bearing a console with an element of rigidity, retractable the console in the form of the l-shaped element, an additional mounting hole, the first step of the support element made in the form of support legs with holes, the second stage is rigidly connected to support legs of the first stage with the formation of internal niche between the legs supporting the console with the element stiffness one end connected with the second stage with the possibility of moving and fixing it along the second stage, and the other end is connected with a sliding l-shaped bracket, the free end of which is provided with a fork coverage, covering the side which is Oh provided with aligned holes, when this console is interconnected with the ability to be moved and fixed relative to each other, and additional mounting hole is located on the console carrier, separate hours and hours of window modules upper and lower ends fixed in the fork of coverage with the possibility of vertical movement, window units installed inside the architectural outline of the window opening, walling made of a height not exceeding the height of the floor and of a width less than the width of the room from a set piece panels of the sandwich type and fixed to the back sides of individual racks and racks of window modules, while in the joints of wall fences and at the ends of the racks on the ceiling made compensatory gaps, block heater mounted on the ceiling in the intermediate gaps between wall fencing, cladding with its fastening elements secured to the front sides of individual racks and racks of window modules.

3. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the bearing console connected to the second stage with the possibility of moving and fixing it along the second stage through the oval holes in the stairs and bolted connection.

4. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the console is interconnected with the ability to be moved and fixed relative to each other through the oval hole design is very well-known and bolted connection.

5. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the element stiffness carrier console made in the form of a support rigidly connected with the bearing console with emphasis on the ceiling.

6. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the rack is fixed in the fork of coverage through the oval holes at the ends of the uprights and bolted connection.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: support panel has rectangular shape and is provided with four fastening members arranged on inner surface thereof. The fastening members are made as mounting hooks formed so that distance between inner panel surface and hook end L is equal to heat insulation layer thickness H. Horizontal and vertical distances between the hooks correspond to distance between ears connected to load-bearing structure of building.

EFFECT: simplified structure and assembly operation.

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FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.

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FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

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FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

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21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.

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2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.

SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.

EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.

4 cl, 3 dwg

The invention relates to the field of construction, namely the construction of multilayer glazing

The invention relates to the field of construction and is intended to improve the thermal performance of building envelopes of residential and public buildings and structures, as well as improve their appearance

The invention relates to the field of construction and is designed for fastening cladding of buildings and structures, including ventilated facades

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.

SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.

EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.

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EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.

14 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members, fastening members and a number of support units. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each load-bearing member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Bottom part of load-bearing U-shaped profile is provided with at least three elongated orifices for load-bearing profile connection to support unit and for hanging member connection to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile. Orifices in end plate, hanging member and load-bearing U-shaped profile are similar in shape. Load-bearing U-shaped profile orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing U-shaped profile.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging.

5 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises parallel carrying profiles each formed of metal or polymeric material by extrusion operation or by sheet material bending. Each profile has hollow post. Orifices to connect carrying profiles to bearing structure are formed in carrying profile base. The carrying profile base also has clamp. Opposite side of the base is defined by partitions having free ends creating gap along carrying profile of the second post. Partitions are located between carrying profile posts and extend transversely to the posts. The partitions are made as posts of carrying profile having H-shaped cross-section and located between the posts. Posts of H-shaped carrying profile are defined by flanges and post of thrust profiles having U-shaped cross sections connecting the flanges. The thrust profiles face cladding panels by opened cavities thereof. Free end of each flange defined by thrust profile cross-section is bent inside the cavity so that acute angle is created in-between. Extensions of longitudinal mounting profile ridges are arranged between trust profile bends. The mounting profile has longitudinal extensions. Mounting profile strip touches free end of each mounting profile flange at bends. Longitudinal extension of face side ribs are directed one towards another. Adjacent cladding panels create cladding panel fixing profile at joint between grooves thereof in which longitudinal mounting profile rib extension are inserted.

EFFECT: simplified facing structure, increased manufacturability, reduced labor inputs for facing structure assemblage, prevention of panels to be connected misalignment.

10 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: support panel has rectangular shape and is provided with four fastening members arranged on inner surface thereof. The fastening members are made as mounting hooks formed so that distance between inner panel surface and hook end L is equal to heat insulation layer thickness H. Horizontal and vertical distances between the hooks correspond to distance between ears connected to load-bearing structure of building.

EFFECT: simplified structure and assembly operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used for external system of heat protection (ventilated facades) and it is intended for forming external wall enclosures with increased thermo-technical characteristics. Method includes preliminary mounting of window modules a t construction site, height of modules doesn't exceed three floors; window modules are built in form of frame carcasses. Window modules are mounted in form of frame carcass of design architectural window opening. Then vertical beacons are mounted later along line of designed joints of wall enclosures, while taking compensation spaces in mentioned joints into account, and along line of side slopes of designed window openings. Openings disposed in relation to vertical beacons are marked and drilled in coverings for making fixing units; fixing units are mounted in pairs and tied together preliminary by threaded pins through openings in support paws of units and openings in coverings. Pullout console are removed outside contours of coverings. Separate posts and window modules are mounted in fixing units due to bringing openings in embrace fork of fixing unit with corresponding oval openings at ends of separate posts and posts of window modules and they are fastened by threaded connection. Compensation spaces are provided at edges of posts at level of coverings b subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift. Plane of façade is graded due to subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift at direction being perpendicular to plane of façade. Designed joints of wall enclosures and side slopes of designed architectural window openings relatively vertical beacons are checked through horizontal shift of separate posts and window modules. Fixing units are coupled finally by means of thread pins through additional fixing openings inside their carrier consoles and through preliminary drilled openings in coverings. Horizontal beacons are installed on line of top and low slides of designed architectural window openings. Reliability of horizontal tying of window openings is inspected due to sifting horizontal cross stapling along posts of window modules. Window units are installed inside designed architectural window openings and inter-level wall enclosures are formed by fixing sandwich-type panels to back sides of separate posts and posts of window modules due to L-shaped fixing elements and self-tapping screws. Then inter-level gaps among wall enclosures are made habitable to winter due to fixing warm-keeping stuff by plate dowels to coverings at side of faced; then members for fixing facing are mounted. Device for realization of the method is also described.

EFFECT: quicker mounting and dismounting of wall enclosures; higher efficiency of warming.

7 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly for tile laying on wall enclosures, namely on vented facades, to create relief architecture compositions (architectural orders) arranged in single plane.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises the first facing tile set including tiles having flat interior surfaces, which define common facade plane. Facing structure includes horizontal profiles fastened to vertical ones and connection members, which are secured to vertical profiles and provide visible or concealed facing tile connection. The connection members fix upper, lower tile parts or two adjacent tiles. Facing structure also comprises support flanges of tile edge fastening members. Tile edge fastening members adapted for concealed tile fastening are to be inserted in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The facing structure additionally has arch module projecting out of common building facade plane. The arch module is preliminarily assembled at building site and retained over arch formed in building wall by means of anchoring bolts passing through orifices of the supports. The facing structure also has the second tile set including tiles projecting out of common facade plane and having different cross-sections. Edges of the second tiles are supported by support flanges, which provide visible or concealed tile connection and have similar grooves adapted to receive wings of fastening members for concealed tile fastening. Arch module including facing tiles, connection members for visible or concealed tile connection, which secure lower tile parts and two adjacent tiles, and support flanges for tile edge fixation. The support flanges, which provide concealed tile fastening pass in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The arch module is made as frame including holders with box-like cross-sections and connected one with another by means of stiffening components. The holders have support for holder connection to wall. At least two members to secure lower tile parts and at least one member to retain two adjacent tiles are fastened to facial holder sides and define pockets for radially formed tiles receiving made in exterior frame part between the holders. Members for lower tile part fixation extend along longitudinal holder axes. Members for simultaneous fastening of two adjacent tiles are transversal to longitudinal holder axes.

EFFECT: possibility to change appearance of buildings including ones having arch openings.

5 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly coverings or linings, for instance, for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: composite bracket comprises holder connected to building wall and provided with longitudinal guiders. The holder is adapted to fix reinforcing member from building wall side. The reinforcing member is made as box with flanges having rounded ends and extending vertically upwards and downwards with respect to the holder. Oval orifices are made in upper and lower parts of box wall. Oval orifices have major axes extending in horizontal plane. Box is provided with sub-stamping located in area of box joining with holder. The sub-stamping extends for holder end wall thickness and provides close fitting of outer box wall and outer holder end surface to building wall.

EFFECT: increased strength, reliability, air-tightness and rigidity of hanged panel connection to building wall.

4 dwg

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