Personified grown jewelry diamond and method for producing the same

FIELD: jewelry industry, in particular, production of precious stone, more particular diamond which may be personified or identified with certain individual or animal.

SUBSTANCE: personified grown jewelry diamond comprises heavy metals Sr, Cd, Sn, Ba, Pb, Bi separated from hairs of certain individual or animal, with ratio of concentrations of said metals corresponding to that of said elements in hairs of the given individual or animal. Method involves processing hairs of certain individual or animal by mineralization of hairs at temperature below 550 C until complete decomposition of organic component; forming source for growing of diamond from spectrally pure graphite and hair processing product containing heavy metals Sr, Cd, Sn, Ba, Pb, Bi; growing diamond from melt by seed crystal recrystallization process; determining ratio of concentrations of these elements in grown diamond and comparing with their content in processing product. Jewelry diamond produced has microelements characteristic of certain individual or animal.

EFFECT: simplified method and improved quality of grown jewelry diamond.

3 cl, 2 tbl

 

The invention is intended for use in the jewelry industry and is aimed at obtaining personalized diamond jewelry, which can be correlated (identified with a particular person or animal.

Known gemstone, natural diamond, involving material of human or animal origin, and contains internal channels filled with substrates, formed from the remains (ashes) cremation material of human or animal origin, while this structure is transparent and refracts light like a precious stone (WO 2004076058 A1, Galon Venora, Moti Weisbrot, 10.09.04). This natural gemstone laser drilling create internal microchannels, which are filled with glass-like substrates having a refractive index close to that of diamond, and formed in the crystallization process from the ashes of animal material in the mixture of lead oxide, sodium chloride and sodium bromide.

However, in this method, the crystal is used only as a capsule remains (ashes), in the drilling disrupted the integrity of the precious stone, although when filling microchannels glassy substrate obtained crystal is visually indistinguishable from the whole. In addition, it is impossible to confirm the connection formed by salobra the Noah patterns with a certain person or animal due to the lack of data on the chemical composition used to form the structure of the material of human or animal origin.

Known synthetic gemstones, particularly diamonds, containing elements, namely carbon, extracted from the remains of species of animals, and methods for their production (US 2003017932 A1 VandenBiesen and etc., 23.01.03; US 2004031434 A1, Vanden Biesen and etc., 19.02.04). Thus, in accordance with the application US 2003017932 upon receipt of precious stones, the remains of a human or animal kramarow at temperatures from 1000 to 1800 F (538-982° (C)obtained carbon filter, subjected to high-temperature vacuum cleaning Halogens and used for growing diamonds.

However, the approach to the use of the remains of a deceased person as a source for extraction of carbon used in the production of diamond requires great delicacy and unacceptable for a number of crops due to ethical reasons. In addition, the cremation of human remains requires the inclusion in the technological cycle of additional links (crematoria in different regions, operator training, cremation etc), which increases production time and a significant rise in the cost of the product. And most importantly, get a precious stone can be considered only in the aspect of the memory of the dead, as a memorial of the subject. To identify each precious stone is subjected to laser marking application on his face individual numbers corresponding to the assigned OS is the independent animal. Because in the process of high-temperature vacuum cleaning removes all trace elements, and the balances are considered only as a source of carbon, it is impossible to identify the chemical composition of the grown diamond with the remains of a particular person or animal.

Currently in medicine and forensics has gained extensive experience identify a specific person on the basis of chemical characteristics (macro - and microelements) composition of hair. In particular, methods of emission spectral analysis in the hair is determined to thirty-chemical elements, with the individual characteristics of a specific person, usually a set of 10-15 heavy metals (see Upheaval, Wealsey and other hair Structure: chemical composition and anthropological differences. M., 1996, p.77-91, 103-105).

The objective of the invention is the creation of personalized (the concept of "personalization" from the Latin persona - face, personality, and facio - do, a special kind of metaphor: the transfer of human characteristics (or traits of a living being) on inanimate objects and phenomena [TSB, 2001]) jewelry diamond containing trace elements, characteristic for a specific person or animal, and proof of compliance with the chemical composition of the grown diamond chemical composition of hair a certain man whether the animal.

The problem is solved in that personified grown diamond jewelry contains selected from the hair of a specific person or animal heavy metals, Sr, Cd, Sn, Ba, Pb, Bi, the ratio of concentrations which correspond to the ratios of the concentrations of these elements in hair of this person or animal.

The method of obtaining personalized diamond jewelry includes a hair treatment of a specific person or animal by salinity at a temperature not exceeding 550°until complete decomposition of the organic components, the formation of the source for the growth of diamond from spectral pure graphite and product processing hair, containing heavy metals, Sr, Cd, Sn, Ba, Pb, Bi, growing diamond from the melt by the recrystallization of the seed, the determination of the ratios of the concentrations of these elements in the grown diamond and comparison with their content in the product processing hair.

The main feature of the invention from the known (US 2003017932, US 2004031434) is that they are stated in synthetic gemstones, including diamonds, the material for which is the carbon emitted from the biological elements of human rights, including of hair (WO 20041055540, 19.12.04). In claim 1 of the claimed invention, a personalized diamond does not contain the carbon emitted from the biological elements of human the and or animal, since the latter is in the process of treating the hair at a temperature of ˜500°is removed from the product in the form of CO and CO2when this set of heavy metals: Sr, Cd, Sn, Ba, Pb, Bi, part of the hair is retained in the product of mineralization. Thus, the elements of the allocated component of the specific individual (human or animal) and used when getting diamond, different: in the well-known inventions is the carbon in the claimed product mineralization containing heavy metals.

The difference between the claimed invention is that for proof of personifitsirovano diamond carry out the determination of the ratios of the concentrations of heavy metals: Sr, Cd, Sn, Ba, Pb, Bi, in-grown diamond and comparison with their relative content in the product of the heat treatment of the hair. In the known solutions of the synthesized carbon-based biological origin diamond will contain a set of trace elements not corresponding to the set characteristic of a specific person or animal, as most of the minerals removed from the source material (lost) in the process of selection and preparation (cleaning, gravity).

A complete set of all trace elements, which can be determined in diamond, also cannot serve as proof of compliance toiletries diamond to a specific person or LM is now, because it includes elements of impurities present in the material of the charge detail growth system, etc. In table 1 shows the content of impurities (Cxin the material of the charge: graphite + Invar (alloy of Nickel, iron and copper).

Table 1
ImpurityMgAlSiCATiVCrMnCo
Withx, % wt.3·10-53·10-45·10-31·10-25·10-24·10-41·10-12·10-15·10-4
ImpurityZnSrAgCdSnVAAuPbBi
Withx, % wt.3·10-5<3·10-6<6·10-6<1·10-6<1·10-6<4·10-6<1·10-5<5·10-6<1·10-5

Known (Chepurov A.I. and other "Experimental fashion the licensing processes alasoorituse", 1997, p.124-126) and received by the applicant experimental data indicate selective entry of impurities into the structure of the diamond.

Based on the conditions of preparation of the biological elements (hair), manufacturing methods and materials used in the process of diamond crystallization in the growth system, the selection of a set of heavy metals: Sr, Cd, Sn, BA, Pb, Bi is sufficient to characterize a specific person or animal, and does not affect jewelry as cultured diamonds.

Additionally, for more precise identification of diamonds on the chemical composition of probably the purposeful introduction of additional trace elements from among rare in nature elements.

In the claimed invention the carbon source for the growth of diamond is formed from the product of mineralization hair and spectral pure graphite, the use of the latter does not pollute the system with impurities of heavy metals, which maintains the set of chemical elements, chosen to represent a specific person or animal, and the growth of diamond at high temperature and pressure of the melt in the presence of a metal catalyst provides proportional occurrence of these elements in the diamond preserving their relative concentrations.

To prove compliance of the conduct if the natural enemy chemical analysis of the product processed hair, carbon source and grown diamond with the use of modern instrumental methods (mass spectrometry, atomic emission, atomic absorption). The relative concentrations of elements recalculated taking into account experimentally determined distribution coefficients, the obtained result is compared with the ratio of the concentrations of heavy metals in the product processing hair. The values match, taking into account measurement error allows the personification of the diamond, i.e. to prove compliance with diamond to a specific person or animal and certify diamond by chemical composition.

The example implementation.

A sample of hair particular person weighing ˜500 mg were subjected to salinity at a temperature of ˜500°C. the Weight of the obtained product mineralization (ash) hair was about ˜5 mg. Selected ˜2 mg of the product of mineralization, was mixed with graphite spectral purity and were placed in a growth cell of known high-pressure apparatus "Split sphere" (the LEOPARD) (described, for example, in the work Chepurov A.I. and other "Experimental modeling of processes of alasoorituse", 1997, p.8-20). Spent growing diamond single crystal from the melt by the recrystallization of the seed. The result was obtained single crystal diamond uvelirelit weight ˜ of 0.2 carats, with fancy yellow color.

In the product mineralization hair method of emission spectral analysis was performed by determination of Sr, Cd, Sn, Ba, Pb, Bi, Ag and Au (Cx0). The same elements were determined by mass spectrometry with laser vaporization and ionization in the grown diamond. The relative values of heavy metal concentrations for lead content in the product mineralization hair (Cx0/SPb0and in the grown diamond (Cx/SPbwith regard to distribution coefficients presented in Table 2.

Table 2
SrCdSnBaPbBiAgAu
Hairx0, % wt.0,030,0040,0120,030,0480,0010,060,1
Hair (Cx0/SPb0)0,60,080,30,610,021,32
Diamond (Cx/CPb)0,50,10,40,51 0,02<(0,1)<(0,01)

From the comparison of the third and fourth rows of the table shows the relative (to the concentration of Pb) content of Sr, Cd, Sn, Ba and Bi product of mineralization hair and grown diamond within the error definitions (˜15-20%) coincide. Elements such as Au and Ag present in the composition of the hair, not part of the diamond. In Table 2 data are evidence of conformity of the composition of the grown diamond personal hair composition of a particular person on heavy metals.

Thus, based on the conditions of preparation of the biological elements (hair), manufacturing methods and materials used in the process of diamond crystallization in the growth system, received the diamond also will be characterized by a set of heavy metals, specific to a particular person or animal.

1. Personalized grown diamond jewelry, contains selected from the hair of a specific person or animal heavy metals Sr, Cd, Sn, Ba, Pb, Bi, the ratio of concentrations which correspond to the ratios of the concentrations of these elements in hair of this person or animal.

2. The method of obtaining personalized diamond jewelry, including hair treatment specific person or animal by mineralization hair when temperature is round not above 550° To complete decomposition of the organic components, the formation of the source for the growth of diamond from spectral pure graphite and treatment product hair containing heavy metals Sr, Cd, Sn, BA, Pb, Bi, growing diamond from the melt by the recrystallization of the seed, determining the ratio of the concentrations of these elements in the grown diamond and comparison with their content in the product processing.



 

Same patents:

Carbon polymer // 2282583

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2 dwg, 1 tbl

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3 cl, 3 ex

FIELD: production of the jewelry quality diamonds from the natural low-grade undecoratively colored diamonds.

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25 cl, 6 ex, 2 dwg

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4 dwg, 2 ex

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EFFECT: the invention ensures production of diamonds of attractive yellow-green colors.

22 cl, 4 ex, 2 dwg

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3 cl, 3 ex

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25 cl, 6 ex, 2 dwg

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2 dwg

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2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

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1 cl, 2 dwg

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3 cl, 1 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: chemical industry.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is intended for chemical industry. To 1 g of a powder of nanodiamonds of an explosive synthesis add 100 ml deionized water. The mixture is treated with the ultrasonic dispersant for 5 minutes. The produced suspension is added with an electrolyte - NaCl solution in the quantity exceeding sorptive capacity of nanoparticles by ions of sodium, for example, 20 ml of 0.9 M solution. Then separate the disperse medium and the settling. The disperse medium is removed. The settling is added with 100 ml of deionized water and is intensively agitated. The supernatant - hydrosol of nanodiamonds is separated and dried. At multiple add-on of water to the produced powder a stable nanodiamond hydrosol is formed. The share of the surface impurities in the produced nanodiamond is reduced. Simultaneously the share of sodium ions is increased.

EFFECT: the invention allows to reduce the share of the surface impurities in the produced nanodiamond and simultaneously to increase the share of sodium ions.

1 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: production of color diamonds.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of production of fantasy neon yellow-green diamonds of precious quality produced from the pale (discolored) or so-called "brown" diamonds of the lowest quality. The method provides for placement of a pale natural diamond in the medium capable to transfer the pressure, which then is mold into a "tablet". Then the tablet is placed in the high-pressure press (HP/HT) and exposed to machining at an increased pressure and temperature being within the range of graphite stability or a diamond being on the phase diagram of carbon for the period of time necessary for improvement of a color of the mentioned diamond. In the end the diamond is removed from press. The indicated method ensures production of diamonds of an attractive yellowish-green or yellow-green and neon yellow-green colors.

EFFECT: the invention ensures production of diamonds of attractive yellow-green colors.

22 cl, 4 ex, 2 dwg

FIELD: chemical industry and electronics; production of diamonds.

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EFFECT: the invention ensures production of the high-clean diamonds from the raw material of the lower power state.

16 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex, 4 dwg

FIELD: carbon materials.

SUBSTANCE: weighed quantity of diamonds with average particle size 4 nm are placed into press mold and compacted into tablet. Tablet is then placed into vacuum chamber as target. The latter is evacuated and after introduction of cushion gas, target is cooled to -100оС and kept until its mass increases by a factor of 2-4. Direct voltage is then applied to electrodes of vacuum chamber and target is exposed to pulse laser emission with power providing heating of particles not higher than 900оС. Atomized target material form microfibers between electrodes. In order to reduce fragility of microfibers, vapors of nonionic-type polymer, e.g. polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinylbutyral or polyacrylamide, are added into chamber to pressure 10-2 to 10-4 gauge atm immediately after laser irradiation. Resulting microfibers have diamond structure and content of non-diamond phase therein does not exceed 6.22%.

EFFECT: increased proportion of diamond structure in product and increased its storage stability.

2 cl

FIELD: decolorizing diamonds and brilliants.

SUBSTANCE: method is realized due to physically acting in closed reaction space upon samples of diamonds and brilliants by means of high pressure and temperature for time period sufficient for enhancing their quality. Pressure acting upon samples is in range 6 - 9 GPa in region of thermodynamic stability. Temperature during physical action upon samples is in range 1700 - 2300°C. Samples are subjected to physical action in medium of graphite powder filling reaction space. Heating till high temperature is realized due to applying AC to samples of diamond or brilliant through graphite powder at specific electric current power from 0.18 kWt/cm3 and more. Then electric power is gradually increased from zero till working value and further it is decreased and increased at least two times for some time interval at each change of electric power. Process of annealing samples is completed by smoothly lowering electric current power till zero. At physical action upon sample electric current intensity is lowered by 11 - 13 % and it is increased by 15 - 17 % for time interval from 8 min and more at each change of electric power. Sample is AC heated and it is cooled at rate no more than 0.05kWt/min per cubic centimeter of reaction volume of chamber.

EFFECT: shortened time period of treating for whole decolorizing, lowered voltage values, keeping of desired parameters existing before treatment in diamonds and brilliants.

3 cl, 3 ex

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