Decorative map production method

FIELD: production of primarily leather-made decorative articles in the form of physical, political, astronomic, and other maps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method includes wetting natural-leather blank that functions as map base and its drying in stretched condition. Then underside of paper sheet whose surface is pre-tinted by compacted loose material is applied to this blank. Pattern of expected map incorporating data media is made on paper sheet face, outlines of data media parts are step-by-step transferred to base, and appropriate lines are burned out and/or stamped in step-by-step manner. First elements applied to map base are basic ones used as references for entire pattern of map; they are burned out and/or stamped on base. After that smaller items are applied to base whereupon they are burned out and/or stamped. After all items of map pattern are burned out and/or stamped, separate portions of pattern are dyed, major ones being dyed first and minor ones, after them. Then dried dye is wiped, and external surface of map is covered with at least one layer of fixing material.

EFFECT: enhanced life of map pattern, improved decorative effect of proposed map simulating antique maps.

8 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to a method of manufacturing a decorative leather products, mainly natural, in the form of maps: physical, political, astronomical, and other.

Widely known various types of maps drawn on paper. To improve the performance characteristics of the outer and often both surfaces laminated card, but still these products are not very durable (Popular geographical dictionary, a series of "Encyclopedic dictionary", Izdat. home "reepol classic, M., 2002, str-297), also known run of cards, such as geographical, leather (encyclopedia for children, volume 3, "Geography", M, "AVANTA+", 1994, p.15).

The maps of the skin can improve the durability of the obtained maps compared with maps drawn on paper.

The technical result of the invention consists in providing greater durability of the printed image while gaining special artistic effect, which consists in imitating the old map.

This technical result is achieved in the proposal that the method of making maps is that the preparation of leather, which serves as the basis for maps, moisturize and dried in the stretched condition. Then not it imposes a back side of a sheet of paper, the surface of which is pre-C is toosevalt compacted granular material, and on the front side of a sheet of paper perform drawing future map, consisting of media, the contours of which parts gradually transferred to the base and gradually burn out and/or TISNET her respective lines. First, on the basis of the map put the basic elements on which is focused the whole picture card, and burns and/or TISNET them on the basis of, after which it put smaller items with their subsequent burning and/or embossing. After burning and/or embossing the whole picture card exercise phased coverage of the relevant areas of the picture with paint, first painting the basic details, and then secondary. After that make wiping the dried paint and is applied to the outer surface of the cards, at least one layer of retaining material.

In the process of drying the wetted preform can be placed under the press.

As the bulk material for the back side of a sheet of paper using charcoal, sanguine or graphite.

After each transfer the outline of the figure on the basis of its draw on it in pencil.

To paint plots obtained on the basis of the drawing using paint, acrylic-based mineral natural supplements.

As a fixing material used wax, which after application to the substrate is polished. Also, the wax makes the color saturation and depth, making the image more distinct.

At the last stage, according to one embodiment of received map paste on a substrate made, for example, from plywood to improve its shape, and edging.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1, figure 2 shows art cards with different mounting options on the frame.

Edge art card 1, size 86×46 cm, shown in figure 1, directly attached in a rectangular frame (baguette) 2. The map contains a base 3 made of cut along the perimeter of the piece appropriately processed (cut) genuine leather (saddle-cloth). On the front side caused colorful graphic image corresponding to theme of the map, in this case simulating ancient geographical map. The image includes a picture of sushi (mainland) 4, sailing ships 5, the information symbols in the form of check boxes 6, lines 7, including the meridians, labels, 8, etc. based on the method of printing and burning.

Figure 2 shows the artistic map 9, size 105×84 cm, the perimeter of the rough edges of which are formed openings 10, through which skipped the fastening cord 11 is connected with a frame (baguette) 2. On the basis of 3 made colorful image of a sailing ship is her frigates 5, wind roses 12, 6 flags and emblems 13, and line, including the meridians 7 and labels 8.

The above graphic images and symbols can be performed comprehensive methods of burning, stamping and painting with acrylic paints or preference in registration will be given to any of their combinations.

Both are depicted in figure 1 and 2 cards have two fixed layer of wax.

In more detail, the method of manufacture described design art cards below.

Leather, selected for burning, weeping to the point where it can be stretched. Then a piece of skin stretched on a dry smooth surface and the edges secured with nails. After the skin dries, the nails are removed. The material is ready for use.

Work on leather card begins with a translation of the desired pattern on the surface of a piece of finished leather. For this figure on paper, brought to the desired size, rear-shaded with charcoal, sanguine or a simple pencil. To the layer of coal was the most smooth, coal strokes are shaded with a piece of paper or cloth.

After that the picture side, which is applied to the coal, is applied to the skin and secured with masking tape "Scotch". This process is carried out in stages.

First translated those elements of isoka, which are most pronounced on the map or those which focused all further drawing card. This meridians, the silhouette of the globe, decorative surroundings of the card, etc. After the above items have been translated into the skin, a sheet of paper with the picture cards removed. So the next time the sheet is evenly formed on the surface of the skin, you need a pencil to outline the places where the map ends.

After the paper is removed, the skin remain thick coal line items that were transferred. To make the image on the map somewhat thinner and neater it a little RUB with a brush (stiff hairs) or a wide flat brush (bristles). Now coal dust a bit at odds, and lines to trace. As translated line very quickly wear out, they need to re-digitize a simple pencil (preferably soft that it did not scratch the surface of the leather). After all the lines on the skin re-circled, the card can be wiped again to carefully erase the coal. On the surface should be only a thin line made by the pencil.

Now made part of the map can be burned. The line must be burned out thicker than they look in the final version. All images on the card are burnt by lines of different thickness. So, from the expression of large size and main line cards (frame, large patterns, straight lines and so on) should be thicker than the lines of insignificant detail or delicate images of the continent, shapes, small objects). Most are thin lines that accentuate and complement the image (shadows, faces, details of the pattern, details of buildings, small river, parts of ships and so on). To achieve these goals weightline devices should be used under different slope and needles should be of different sizes. Used weightline apparatus with a rounded and blunt needles. For the thin lines the needle is sharpened as sharper.

Once burned, the first main line cards (usually they are very thick and deep and are black in color)on the surface of the skin again superimposed sheet of paper with the map image. Now translated to smaller details, such as continents, landscapes, wind rose, figure, big names, etc. and Then the sheet is again removed, the secondary circuits are outlined with a pencil, traces of coal removed. Then burn unit or less thick needle or less strong pressure. Line as well as basic are black in color, but look a little thinner and less deep.

After that, the skin is again superimposed sheet with the image, and translated the most insignificant details, such as: the name of the small towns, the fine details of the pattern, small ATP is buta ships, buildings and landscapes, shadows, etc. All names must be measured and made in a single specified style of font. The details are very fine needles, and details such as shadows, face, fine details of images of animals, etc. should take a few brownish tint from a gentle pressure on the skin.

After the image is made, it must be given the color scheme. For painting leather card uses water-based paints, such as acrylic. It can be applied to the skin as thick and liquid layer, adding more water. The more liquid paint is applied to the skin, the darker color is it and it will look afterwards smoother. First of all paint, as well as burn, main image: the oceans, the main pattern and the like, the Paint must be applied so that between the colored portion and a scorched line remained the site of the original skin (about 1 mm). The paint should flow on the scorched line. They all remain in its original form. Then painted the minor details, and then the smallest and most insignificant. When images are painted, some small parts are underlined thin weightily apparatus, but it can be done only if the paint layer is not very thick.

After that, some parts of the map (i.e., where ispolzovalas the paint) easily wiped with a piece of sandpaper, in order to level the paint layer and to achieve transparency. In some parts of the map paint erased to the point when it is in the original color of the skin. Also the paint is wiped around the letters and names. Between the layer of paint and scorched a line should not be seen clear boundaries.

When the image is completed, the map add Shine and more vivid color. For this purpose it waxed. This process consists of three stages. First map RUB the first layer of wax with a brush. Then, on the surface, removed very thick layers of wax and the surface is leveled. This is Mastikhin. The first layer of deposited wax must be very thin. Then the wax is added in those places maps, where it is not enough, again aligned with mastichina and rubbed the wax into the map until such time as the layer of wax is not very smooth. This is done lightly, because the skin that darkens somewhat.

Then the finished card is cut out or left with uneven edges, depending on the design (fixation on a baguette).

1. A method of manufacturing a card, namely, that the procurement of leather, which serves as the basis for maps, moisturize and dried in the stretched condition, then it imposes a back side of a sheet of paper, the surface of which is previously obscure compressed SIP the Chim material, and on the front side of a sheet of paper perform drawing future map, consisting of media, the contours of which parts gradually transferred to the base and gradually burn out and/or TISNET her respective lines first on the basis of the map put the basic elements on which is focused the whole picture card, and burns and/or TISNET them on the basis of, after which it put smaller items with their subsequent burning and/or embossed, and after burning and/or embossing the whole picture card exercise phased coverage of the relevant areas of the picture with paint, first painting basic details, and then secondary, then wipe the dried paint and is applied to the outer surface of the cards in at least one layer of retaining material.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein in the process of drying the wetted preform is put under pressure.

3. The method according to claim 1, in which the granular material to the back side of a sheet of paper using charcoal, or sanguine, or graphite.

4. The method according to claim 1, in which after each transfer circuit of the figure on the basis of its draw on it in pencil.

5. The method according to claim 1, in which to paint plots obtained on the basis of the drawing using paint, acrylic-based mineral natural supplements.

6. JV the property according to claim 1, in which the fixing material is used wax.

7. The method according to claim 6, in which the wax after applying on the basis of Polish.

8. The method according to claim 1, in which the map attached to the substrate and over.



 

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