Method for sudden change of background-target situation and pulse distributor of masking foam material for its realization

FIELD: masking.

SUBSTANCE: the masking foam material is dispersed by means of a pulse distributor, which is preliminarily installed on the surface of the background and/or object in compliance with the plan of masking. The pulse distributor by means of a supply network is connected to the control panel, having an electric power source, or it is provided with a radio command actuator with an electric power source, and connected to a radio command control panel. The time and procedure of actuation of the pulse distributor is selected in compliance with the plan of masking. The pulse distributor of masking foam material has a sealed body with a solution. The body with the source solution is provided with a siphon, two valves and a guide. A packing having an opening and distribution assembly, actuating and safety, assemblies, is installed on the body neck. The body neck is integrated with the siphon cylinder, and a splash-out monitoring system is additionally installed on the device body, aligned with the stopper of the packing safety assembly. The valves are installed at the upper and lower levels of the body.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of masking.

17 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl

 

The invention relates to the field of disguise, in particular to methods and devices that increase the efficiency of masking, in particular ensuring failure-guided ammunition on to the target.

Widely known methods of Aspatria areas, which removes the top layer of soil, in particular shovel, or on vegetation are applied chemical agents that change their color, or hidden surface area is applied to the soil, ash, wood or other materials [1].

A disadvantage of the known methods Aspatria is required significant work to perform work that does not allow the thought of masking in a short time suddenly for the enemy.

There is a method of masking, in which the masking material is away from the epicenter of the dispersion and, falling on the surface of the thin layer, forms a spot [2]. This masking material is away from the epicenter of the dispersion suddenly at the moment of choice the opponent goal and/or its capture, and/or guidance of ordnance on target by undermining the lifting charge ammunition cassettes and/or by using a source of kinetic energy accumilating volume or compressed gases. This masking material is or foam, which form a source of foaming solution containing surface-AK the active substance, the polymer stabilizer, liquefied gas and water in the following content, wt.%: surfactant - 5...20; polymer-stabilizer - a 0.05...25; LPG - 25... 35; water - the rest is up to 100, or a mixture of powders, which contains aluminum powder, iodine and expanded graphite at the next concentration, wt.%: aluminum powder - 60; iodine - 20; expanded graphite - 20 [3].

Also known ammunition-cartridge sudden sharply contrasting Aspatria and/or aerosol formation, comprising a housing enclosing his camera aperture and expelling charge from smoke or smokeless gunpowder from igniting device, characterized in that it further in the chamber hosted a hermetic shell, separated by the diaphragm from the lifting charge from igniting device and executed, in particular, foil and/or heavy paper coated with polyethylene and/or polyethylene, and the housing has a lid installed on its output hole, and cutting elements attached to the slice of the outlet with the possibility interaction with a sealed envelope and placed inside the shell or vakuumirovaniya powder, and/or a mixture of powders, and/or carbon fiber material, and/or half-wave vibrators, and/or fiber; or the source foamable solution with the included liquefied gas, in particular disappear to the om or freon, under pressure, providing a liquefied gas state [3].

The disadvantage of known methods of disguise and ammunition-cartridges sudden sharply contrasting Aspatria and/or aerosol formation, selected as a prototype of the proposed method and device for its implementation, is that by it and used for their delivery artillery systems cannot provide change fontelieu situation with regard to the background area in accordance with the idea of disguise and taking into account existing on the background of natural spots of natural formations.

The objective of the invention is to improve the effectiveness of masking due to sudden changes fontelieu situation by drawing on the masked surface of the materials corresponding to the spectrophotometric characteristics of the background and/or sharply contrasting these backgrounds with consideration of the natural environment.

This object is achieved in that in the method a sudden change fontelieu environment in which the camouflage foam material generated from the original foaming solution containing a surfactant, a polymer stabilizer, liquefied gas and water in the following content, wt.%: surfactant - 5...20; the polymer stabilizer is 0.05..25; LPG - 25...35; water - the rest is up to 100, is in the direction from the epicenter of the dispersion by means of compressed gases according to the invention:

first, to dispel camouflage foam material used pulsed valves, at least one set in advance on the surface of the background and/or object on a pre-selected scheme in accordance with the purpose of masking, for distribution camouflage foam material pulse distributors or through at least one outlet are connected with a control panel containing the power source, or each pulse distributor is equipped with a radio command execution unit containing a source of electricity and agreed with the radio command remote control, and the time and manner of operation of the pulse distributors are selected in accordance with the intent of masking;

secondly, the actuation pulse distributors in the possible detection by the enemy object masking or electromagnetic radiation signal active reconnaissance and/or guidance of ammunition at the target;

thirdly, as a surfactant source solution camouflage foam material comprises a mixture of sodium or triethanolamine the Olga of primary alkyl sulphates and fatty alcohol fraction C 10...C18and sodium or triethanolamine salts of sulfates of alkylolamides synthetic fatty acid fraction C10...C16in the following ratio, wt.%:

sodium or triethanolamine salt
the primary alkyl sulphates of fatty alcohols
fraction C10...C181,0...2,0
sodium or triethanolamine salt
sulfates of alkylolamides synthetic
fatty acid fraction C10...C160,1...0,5

fourthly, as a surfactant source solution camouflage foam material contains sodium or triethanolamine salt alkylene acid fraction With10...C13;

fifthly, as a surfactant source solution camouflage foam material comprises a mixture of sodium or triethanolamine salts alkylene acid fraction C10...C16and monoethanolamide acid fraction C12...C16in the following ratio, wt.%:

sodium or triethanolamine salt
alkylene acid fraction C10...C160,7 3,5...
monoethanolamide acid fraction C12...C160,3...1,5

sixth, the surfactant further comprises a selected at least one additive from the group of materialqualitat fraction10...With13, urea, butanol or butylcellosolve, alcohol fraction C12...C16, higher fatty alcohols fraction C12...C16, ethyl alcohol, monoethanolamine synthetic fatty acid fraction C10...C16the amount to 5.75 wt.%;

seventh, the original foamable composition additionally contains:

or glycerine0,2...0,5
or ethylene glycol0,2...0,5
or polyethylene glycol0,2...0,5
or polyvinylalcoholto 2
or acetylcelluloseto 2
or urea-formaldehyde resin10

eighth, the original solution camouflage foam material further comprises a dye to 15 wt.%.

The task is also achieved by the fact that the pulse distributor camouflage foam material, the content is of ASI sealed enclosure with the initial solution, according to the invention:

first, the case with the initial solution is equipped with a siphon, two valves and at least one guide on the neck of the body has a nozzle containing node dissection and distribution, Executive and relief sites, and neck body paired with a cylinder siphon and control system splash, further installed on the device, santaana with a nozzle, namely with safety stopper node, and the gates are made on the device, in particular, in the upper and lower levels;

secondly, the Executive node contains the actuator, the piston of the firing pin and socket, mounted at the base of the Executive unit, which has a lid, and connecting the nozzle to the source of elektrosignal and United electric contacts with the actuator, and one of the contacts is "mass", while the actuator is placed in a pyrotechnic housing mounted on the base, in addition to the pyrotechnic body between the actuator and the rocker safety of the node is set piston pin, fixed shock nut and proterty" pyrotechnic housing sealing nut;

thirdly, the safety node contains the stopper and the arm, hinged to the platform, connecting ispolnitel the th node and node dissection and distribution, when this stopper movably connected with one of the free ends of the rocker arm and is equipped with a cotter;

fourth, the site of dissection and distribution contains the valve stem, distribution chamber, inlaid strip, providing a compression spring, sufficient to overcome the counter initial foaming of the solution, t-bar, located in the upper part of the stem and the housing, is fixed by bolting using seals to the housing of the device and platform safety node, the valve consists of a seal and a rigid base, coupled with the rod, and the rod with articulated knee, providing a tight fit of the valve to the housing, and the longitudinal sample, equipped with a roller under the stopper, and a distribution chamber inside and has a stripe pair, at least one rail;

fifthly, the control system original splash foaming solution contains stem, valve, tube, pin, a housing and a retainer fixed in the housing system W / cotter pin, and the valve gasket is pressed against the system housing stock, equipped with a roller abutting against the stopper, and the system housing is made of several mutually svenciausios parts, providing the "ointment" stem length, and given the reversal checks for the coupling of the traction belt (with the article is the horn nozzle, the case, moreover, provided the distribution cavity and bleeding holes and installed on the device through the nozzle;

sixth, the guides are in the form of tubes and/or sockets;

seventh, the guides are positioned along the perimeter of the horizontal plane of the body node dissection and distribution or uniform, or in the form of at least one sector;

eighth, the diameters of the through-holes connecting the rails to the pay-camera host, or the same, or different, or is provided with a variable diameter bore holes;

ninth, the guides include a removable choke.

It is the efficiency of masking due to sudden changes fontelieu situation by drawing on the masked surface of the materials corresponding to the spectrophotometric characteristics of the background and/or retroconstruction these backgrounds with consideration of the natural environment via a pulse distributor, tucked the initial solution of the declared content, allows to conclude that the solution of the invention and that the invention interconnected to form a single inventive concept.

The inventive method sudden changes fontelieu situation differs from the prototype in that:

first, race is ivania camouflage foam material used pulse distributors, at least one; the dispensers are installed in advance on the surface of the background and/or object on a pre-selected scheme in accordance with the purpose of disguise; for distribution camouflage foam material pulse distributors or through at least one outlet are connected with a control panel containing the power source, or each pulse distributor is equipped with a radio command execution unit containing a source of electricity and agreed with the radio command remote control; time and manner of operation of the pulse distribution is selected in accordance with the intent of masking;

secondly, the actuation pulse distributors in the possible detection by the enemy object masking or electromagnetic radiation signal active reconnaissance and/or guidance of ammunition at the target;

thirdly, as a surfactant source solution camouflage foam material contains:

or a mixture of sodium or triethanolamine salts of primary alkyl sulphates and fatty alcohol fraction C10...C18and sodium or triethanolamine salts of sulfates of alkylolamides synthetic fatty acid fraction With10...C16in the following ratio of the components is s, wt.%:

sodium or triethanolamine salt
the primary alkyl sulphates of fatty alcohols
fractions With10...C181,0...2,0
sodium or triethanolamine salt
sulfates of alkylolamides synthetic
fatty acid fraction With10...C160,1...0,5

or sodium or triethanolamine salt alkylene acid fraction C10...C13;

or a mixture of sodium or triethanolamine salts alkylene acid fraction C10...C16and monoethanolamide acid fraction C12...C16in the following ratio, wt.%:

sodium or triethanolamine salt
alcicorne acid fraction With10...C160,7 3,5...
monoethanolamide acid fraction C12...C160,3...1,5

fourth, the surfactant further comprises a selected at least one additive from the group of materialqualitat fraction C10...C13, urea, butanol or butylal the open air, the alcohol fraction C12...C16, higher fatty alcohols fraction C12...C16, ethyl alcohol, monoethanolamine synthetic fatty acid fraction C10...C16in an amount up to 5 mos.%;

fifthly, the original foamable composition additionally contains:

or glycerol, or ethylene glycol, or polyethylene glycol - 0,2...0,5 wt.%;

or polyvinyl alcohol, or acetylcellulose - to 2.%;

or urea-formaldehyde resin to > 10%;

Sixthly, the original solution camouflage foam material further comprises a dye to 15.%.

The inventive pulse distributor camouflage foam material for implementing the method of the sudden changes fontelieu situation differs from the prototype in that:

first, the case with original foam solution is equipped with a siphon, two valves and at least one guide; the body contains the source foamable solution, on the neck of the body has a nozzle; the nozzle contains a node dissection and distribution, Executive and safety nodes; the neck of the device paired with the cylinder siphon; additionally installed on the device control system splash santaana with a nozzle, namely: with stopper safety node, valves executed on the device, the particular in the upper and lower levels;

secondly, the Executive node contains: an actuator, the piston of the firing pin and the socket; the socket is fixed in the basis of the Executive node, equipped with a cap; socket provides connection of the nozzle to the source of elektrosignal; socket connected to the electrical contacts with the actuator;

one of the contacts is "mass"; the actuator is placed in a pyrotechnic housing; pyrotechnic housing installed on the base; pyrotechnic body between the actuator and the rocker safety of the node is set piston-drummer; piston-drummer recorded the shock nut and preterm" pyrotechnic housing sealing nut;

thirdly, the safety node contains the stopper and the Cam; a rocker arm pivotally mounted on the platform; the platform connects the Executive node and node dissection and distribution; a stopper movably connected with one of the free ends of the rocker arm; a stopper equipped with a cotter;

fourth, the site of dissection and distribution contains the valve stem, distribution chamber, block gaskets, crank and case; patterned pads provide compression of the spring is sufficient to overcome the calculated counter initial foaming of the solution; the crank is located at the top of the stem; the body of the node is fixed by bolting with PR the application of seals to the housing of the device and platform safety node; the valve consists of a seal and a rigid base; base paired with the rod; the rod is articulated knee, providing a tight fit of the valve to the housing, and the longitudinal sample, equipped with a roller under the stopper; a distribution chamber inside the housing and has a deep connection with the rail;

fifthly, the control system original splash foaming solution contains stem, valve, tube, pin, barrel and stopper; the stopper is fixed in the housing system cotter; the valve gasket is pressed against the housing system stem; the stem is equipped with a roller abutting against the stopper; the system housing is made of several mutually svenciausios parts, providing the "ointment" stem length, and given the reversal checks for the coupling of the traction belt (with stopper nozzle; a housing provided with the distribution cavity and bleeding holes; a housing installed on the device through the nozzle;

sixth, the guides are in the form of tubes and/or sockets; the guides are positioned along the perimeter of the horizontal plane of the body node dissection and distribution or uniform, or in the form of at least one sector; the diameters of the through-holes connecting the rails with the distribution of the camera node dissection and distribution, or different, or is provided the variable diameter the bore hole.

A comparison of the proposed technical solutions with prototypes allowed to establish their compliance with the criterion of "novelty". The study of other known technical solutions in this field of technology features that distinguish the claimed invention from the prototype, have not been identified and because they provide the claimed technical solution according to the criterion of "significant differences".

The essence of the proposed technical solution is illustrated by drawings which represent:

figure 1 - scheme of distribution of the pulse distributors connected with the system control panel wiring (option);

figure 2 - scheme of the pulse distributors, are equipped with a radio command execution unit, consistent with radio command remote control (option);

figure 3 - pulse distributor;

figure 4 - nozzle;

figure 5 - control system splash.

Table 1 presents the specification drawings.

The inventive method sudden changes fontelieu environment is implemented via existing layouts pulse distributors 1 camouflage foam material 2 (Fig 1 and 2). The pulse valves 1 system wiring 3 was connected with the action of the current layout of the remote control 4, connected to the power source 5 (Fig 1). Tested also trigger pulse distributors 1 by radio command actuators 6, containing the power source 5, and consistent with radio command control unit 7 (see figure 2; radio command execution unit and the remote control in this application are not considered, as their technical solutions go beyond the task of the invention and are a separate object of the invention).

The pulse distributor 1 is mounted on the surface of the background in advance and run in accordance with the purpose of disguise. We used a sharply contrasting color camouflage foam material 2 relative to the background area and the color corresponding to the spectrophotometric characteristics of the background by typing in the original dye solution.

Expert and instrumental evaluation of the results of experimental studies on the effectiveness of the proposed technical solution showed that the coating on the surface of the background and object masking foam cover changes footslave atmosphere, resulting in the observer need more time for orientation, appraisal and target selection. The greatest effect from the implementation of the method is achieved inthat case, if applying camouflage foam coating is carried out at the time you select enemy targets and/or its capture, and/or pointing the weapon at the target, and/or when possible detection by the enemy object masking, and/or electromagnetic radiation signal active reconnaissance or guided ammunition onto the target. High enough the masking is achieved using relatively sharply contrasting background masking foam material and material, painted to match the background of the spots of the area. The highest result was achieved when applying the material, providing a smooth continuation of background spots for no apparent contrasts between the material and object masking.

Sustainability camouflage foam material from 1 to 24 hours depending on ambient conditions. Materials obtained from the original solution containing the inventive surfactants and additives, 10...30% more resistant materials obtained with the use of surfactants of type-1 and-3. Moreover, the stability of the materials on the basis of the declared surface-active materials with the introduction of these dyes is not significantly reduced.

Instrumental assessment of how sudden changes fontelieu situation has shown the effectiveness of masking not only in the visible but also in and prekrasna and radar ranges of electromagnetic waves.

The pulse distributor 1 camouflage foam material 2 for implementing the method of the sudden changes fontelieu environment, comprising a housing 8 with the original foam solution (not shown), according to the method, equipped with a siphon 9, the two valves 10 and at least one guide rail 11 (see figure 3).

On the neck 12 of the housing 8 of the valve 1 is installed nozzle 13 containing node dissection and distribution 14, 15 Executive and safety 16 nodes, and the neck 12 of the housing 8 is associated with the cylinder 17 of the siphon 9, and the control system splash 18 mounted on the housing 8 of the device, santaana with a nozzle 13, namely with the stopper 19 of the safety node 16 of the nozzle 13 (see figure 3). When the valve 10 is made on the housing 8 of the valve 1, in particular in the upper and lower (1) levels.

The Executive node 15 includes an actuator 20, the piston of the firing pin 21 and the slot 22 (see figure 4). The socket 22 is fixed in the base 23 of the Executive node 15 with cover 24 provides a connection nozzle 13 to the source of elektrosignal 3 (3, 4, and 5, or 3, 6 and 5) and are connected by electrical contacts 25 and 26 with the actuator 20. And one of the contacts 26 is "mass". When the actuator 20 is placed in a pyrotechnic housing 27 mounted on the base 23 by means of the fastening nut 28 with a dielectric spacers 29, through which the quiet skipped one of the contacts 25. Piston-striker 21 is fixed nut 30 and preterm" pyrotechnic housing 27 of the sealing nut 31.

Safety node 16 includes a stopper 19 and the arm 32 (see figure 4). The arm 32 of the hinge (the hinge 33) mounted on the platform 34, which connects the Executive node 15 and node dissection and distribution 14. The stopper 19 is movably connected with one of the free ends of the rocker arm 32 and is equipped with a pin 35.

Node dissection and distribution 14 contains a valve 36, the rod 37, distribution chamber 38, inlaid strip 39, the crank 40 and the housing 41 (see figure 4). Patterned strip 39 provide compression of the spring 42 is sufficient to overcome the calculated back pressure source foaming solution (not shown). The crank 40 is located in the upper part of the stem 37. The housing 41 of the node 14 is fixed by means of bolt connection 43 with the use of seals 44 to the housing 8 of the valve 1 and to the platform 34 of the safety of the node 16. The valve 36 consists of a seal 45 and a rigid base 46, which is coupled with the rod 37. The rod 37 has a swivel wheel 47, which provides a tight seal for the valve 36 to the housing (cylinder 17 siphon 9, secured in the neck 12 of the housing 8 of the valve 1) 8, and a longitudinal sample of 48 with the roller 49 and 50 under the stopper 19. Distributing chamber 38 is made inside the housing 41 of the node 14 and has a stripe mate with the guide rail 11.

Control system splash 18 source solution (not shown) contains the stem 51, the valve 52, the pipe 53, the pin 54 and the stopper 55 (see figure 5). The stopper 55 is fixed in the housing 56 system 18 by a pin 54. The valve 52 with a gasket 57 is pressed against the housing 56 system 18 and the rod 51 with the roller 58, abutting against the stopper 55. The housing 56 system 18 is made of several mutually svenciausios parts 59, for "ointment" rod 51 in length, and given the spread of the stopper 55 to connect it (55) traction belt (60 with the stopper 19 of the nozzle 13. The housing 56 is provided with a distribution cavity 61 and bleeding holes 62. The housing 56 system 18 is installed on the housing 8 of the valve 1 through a pipe 53 with saddle 63 (see figure 5).

Guides 11 may be in the form of tubes and/or socket (not shown). They (11) placed around the perimeter of the horizontal plane of the housing 41 node dissection and distribution 14 or uniformly, or in the form of at least one sector (not shown). Moreover, the diameters of the through-holes connecting the rails 11 with the distribution chamber 38 node dissection and distribution 14, or the same, or different, or is provided with a variable diameter bore holes, for example, in the form of a diaphragm of the camera or smestorage the reactor tube, a guide; not shown).

The inventive method sudden changes foozle the second situation is as follows.

Accepted the idea of masking and layout of the pulse distributors 1 camouflage foam material 2 in accordance with the proposed formulation of the initial solution with or without included dyes.

Set pulse valves 1 and mated with the power source 5 through wiring 3 and/or radio command executing unit 6 remote control 7 (or 4) (see figure 1 and 2).

The start pulse distributors 1 is when the opponent goal and/or its capture, and/or pointing the weapon at the target, and/or when possible detection by the enemy object masking, and/or electromagnetic radiation signal active reconnaissance or guided ammunition onto the target.

The pulse distributor 1 camouflage foam material 2 for implementing the method of the sudden changes fontelieu situation is as follows.

The dispenser 1 (at least one) installed on the surface and/or object and connects to a remote control system (see figure 1 and 2) through the slot 22 (see figure 4). To install the dispenser 1 can be used platform 64 with the locking device 65, the masking 66 and, in particular, with a bipod (not shown).

The electrical signal from the control panel 4 or actuator 6 remotely control system (see figure 1 and 2) through the slot 22 and electrical contacts 25 and 26, ignites the actuator 20 (see figure 4). Powder gases, resulting from actuation of the actuator 20, sharply move the piston-striker 21 along the pyrotechnic housing 27 to thrust nut 30. As a result of interaction of the piston-striker 21 with the arm 32 of the latter rotates on the hinge 33, which is pulling the stopper 19 of the nozzle 13 and the stopper 55 of the control system splash 18. The stopper 19 of the nozzle 13 is pulled out of the longitudinal grooves 48 of the rod 37 by means of rollers 49 and 50. The stoppers 19 and 55 at the same time, previously exempt from checks 35 and 54 checks. Spring 42, rasimas, lowers the valve 36 down until it stops (stop motion shaft) of a crank 40 on the platform 34, resulting in the original foam solution flows into the distribution chamber 38 and then through at least one rail 11 on the background area (see figure 1 and 2).

Simultaneously with the stopper 19 of the nozzle 13 is released, the stopper 55 of the control system splash 18. The stopper 55 and the housing 56 system 18 in advance exempt from checks 54 (see figure 5). The rod 51, the valve 52 with a gasket 57 under the pressure of the gases in the pipe 53 and the housing 8 of the valve 1 is lifted, freeing the seat 63, the cavity 61 and the holes 62 through which the etching gas (with the incorrect location of the pipe 53, i.e. below the level of the solution, initial solution and foam). By decreasing pressure in the housing 8 of the distributor 1 is the valve 36 of the nozzle 13 by reducing the back pressure of the spring 42 (see figure 4).

For reuse of the dispenser 1 in front of the equipment to its original solution (not shown) through a gas station (in this application will not be considered) stopper 19 is mounted and fixed by a pin 35 in a longitudinal sample of 48 of the rod 37 by means of a tensioning device (not shown), and also installed the stopper and check 54 system 18.

To perform the plan masking in preparation of the distributor selects the appropriate number and location guide, which provides the desired configuration spots.

The use of the proposed technical solution of the method and the pulse distributor provides a more effective camouflage in the current and future conditions of the sharp development of intelligence capabilities and systems of defeat. By applying to the surface of the background and object masking foam cover changes footslave atmosphere, due to which the observer need more time for orientation, appraisal and target selection. Materials obtained from the original solution containing the inventive surfactants and additives, 10...30% Usto civie materials, obtained using surfactants of type-1 and-3.

Sources of information

1. Krasitelev, Esenin. Military camouflage. Part II. The technique of masking. - M.: publishing house. VÍA, 1957 - s...180.

2. Instruction in military camouflage. Part II. - M.: Voenizdat the USSR, 1956 - s...141.

3. Method of masking options and ammunition-cartridges sudden sharply contrasting Aspatria and/or aerosol formation. Description of the invention to the Patent of the Russian Federation on the application number 2003101266/02 (001249) of 17 January 2003. A positive decision on the grant of a Patent of the Russian Federation for invention dated may 19, 2004

1. How sudden changes fontelieu environment in which the camouflage foam material generated from the original foaming solution containing a surfactant, a polymer stabilizer, liquefied gas and water in the following ratio, wt.%: surfactant 5-20; the polymer stabilizer is 0.05-25; LPG 25-35; water - the rest is up to 100, considered in the direction from the epicenter of the dispersion by means of compressed gases, characterized in that the masking foam material diffuse through at least one pulse of the distributor, which is pre-set at the background of the area and/or on the surface of the object in accordance with the purpose of disguise, while the pulse distribution is the amplifier through the outlet connecting with remote control, contains a source of electricity or equip radio command execution unit with a power source and connect with radio command remote control, and the time and manner of operation of the pulse distributors are chosen in accordance with the purpose of disguise.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that additionally use several pulse distributors that are pre-installed on the surface of the background and/or object on a pre-selected scheme in accordance with the purpose of disguise, thus triggering pulse distributors provide at the time of a possible detection by the enemy object masking or electromagnetic radiation signal active reconnaissance and/or guided ammunition onto the target.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that as a surfactant source solution camouflage foam material comprises a mixture of sodium or triethanolamine salts of primary alkyl sulphates and fatty alcohol fraction C10-C18and sodium or triethanolamine salts of sulfates of alkylolamides synthetic fatty acid fraction C10-C16in the following ratio, wt.%: sodium or triethanolamine salt of a primary alkyl sulphates and fatty alcohol fraction C10-C181,0-2,;

sodium or triethanolamine salts of sulfates of alkylolamides synthetic fatty acid fraction C10-C16of 0.1-0.5.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that as surfactants original foaming solution contains sodium or triethanolamine salt alkylene acid fraction C10-C13.

5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that as surfactants original foaming solution contains a mixture of sodium or triethanolamine salts alkylene acid fraction C10-C16and monoethanolamide acid fraction C10-C16in the following ratio, wt.%:

Sodium or triethanolamine salt alkylene acid fraction C10-C160,7-3,5
Monoethanolamide acid fraction With10-C160,3-1,5

6. The method according to any of PP-5, wherein the surfactant further comprises a selected at least one additive from the group of materialqualitat fractions With10-C13, urea, butanol or butylcellosolve, alcohol fractions of C12-C16, higher fatty alcohol fractions of C12-C16, ethyl alcohol, monoethanolamine synthetic fat what s acid fraction With 10-C16the amount to 5.75 wt.%.

7. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the starting foamable solution additionally contains, wt%:

or glycerine0,2-0,5
or ethylene glycol0,2-0,5
or polyethylene glycol0,2-0,5
or polyvinylalcoholTo 2
or oxyethylenenitriloTo 2
or urea-formaldehyde resin10

8. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the source solution camouflage foam material further comprises a dye to 15 wt.%.

9. The pulse distributor camouflage foam material containing a sealed enclosure with a solution, characterized in that the case with the initial solution is equipped with a siphon, two valves and at least one guide on the neck of the body has a nozzle containing node dissection and distribution, Executive and relief sites, and neck body paired with a cylinder siphon and control system splash, further installed on the device, centered with safety stopper node nozzles, with the valves installed on the device in ve is khnemu and lower levels.

10. The pulse distributor according to claim 9, characterized in that the Executive node contains the actuator, the piston of the firing pin and slot connection of the nozzle to the source of elektrosignal enshrined in the grounds of the enforcement unit, which has a lid, and the United electrical contacts, one of which is "mass", with actuator, with the actuator placed in the pyrotechnic housing mounted on the base, and between the actuator and the rocker safety of the node is set piston pin, fixed shock nut and proterty" pyrotechnic housing sealing nut.

11. The pulse distributor according to claim 9, characterized in that the safety node contains the stopper and the arm, hinged to the platform that connects the Executive node dissection and distribution, while the stopper movably connected with one of the free ends of the rocker arm and is equipped with a cotter.

12. The pulse distributor according to claim 9, characterized in that node dissection and distribution contains a valve, flap, distribution chamber, patterned shims with the possibility of compression of the spring is sufficient to overcome the pressure of the initial foaming of the solution, t-bar, located in the upper part of the rod, and the housing is fixed by bolting through the seals n is the device and platform safety node, the valve consists of a seal and a rigid base, coupled with the rod having an articulated knee for a snug fit of the valve casing and the longitudinal sample, equipped with a roller under the stopper, and a distribution chamber inside the housing and has a stripe pair, at least one guide.

13. The pulse distributor according to claim 9, characterized in that the control system original splash foaming solution contains stem, valve, pipe fitting, check the system housing and a retainer fixed in the housing system through cheques, with the valve gasket is pressed against the system housing stock that has a roller with the ability to communicate with the stopper and the housing system is installed on the housing of the pulse distributor through a nozzle and is made of several mutually svenciausios parts, providing the "ointment" stem length and the specified pivot stop for the coupling of the traction belt (with stopper nozzle, in addition, in the case of the system performed distribution cavity and bleeding holes.

14. The pulse distributor according to claim 9, characterized in that the guides are in the form of tubes and/or sockets.

15. The pulse distributor according to claim 9, characterized in that the guides are positioned along the perimeter of the horizontal plane of the body uz is and opening and distributing evenly or in the form of, at least one sector.

16. The pulse distributor according to claim 9, characterized in that the diameters of the through-holes connecting the rails to the pay-camera host, made of the same or different, or with the possibility of changing the diameter of the bore hole.

17. The pulse distributor according to claim 9, characterized in that the guides are fitted with replaced the throttle.



 

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Thermal simulator // 2278344

FIELD: means for provision of concealment of armament and military equipment against means of aerospace optoelectronic reconnaissance of the infra-red band, applicable for simulation of specimens of armament and military equipment in disposition points or initial areas, as well as for protection against high-accuracy weapon equipped with infra-red homing heads.

SUBSTANCE: the thermal simulator has a width of tarpaulin material with cloth heaters fastened on it, tarpaulin heat-dispersing cover, moisture-proof cover of rubberized fabric having a coating of aluminum oxide, electric power supply cable and a temperature controller, the heaters are fastened in several lines and several columns. Use is made of a control unit of the temperature controller, in which the thermal images of the simulated objects are kept, its outputs are connected to the inputs of the temperature controller, whose outputs are connected to the heaters. The heaters are so made that the whole area occupied by one heater would be warmed up uniformly. In accordance with the algorithm incorporated in the control unit and the thermal; images kept in, signals are generated at its outputs providing control of operation of the temperature controller. A dynamic individual control of the temperature of each heater is realized in the thermal simulator, which makes it possible to produce thermal images identical to the thermal images of the simulated objects.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability of simulation.

1 dwg

FIELD: camouflage.

SUBSTANCE: the resistance of the camouflage coating to penetration of ammunition through it exceeds the resistance at which the fuse would still not operate. The maximum deflection of the camouflage coating with due the account made for yielding and tension of the elements of the camouflage coating up to the moment of penetration of ammunition through it is less than the gap between the camouflage coating and the object under protection.

EFFECT: enhanced operating characteristics and expanded field of application of the mask-screen.

2 cl, 42 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: means of explosion preventive maintenance at ammunition depots.

SUBSTANCE: the plant has a interconnected compressed air source, measuring instruments, valves, vessels with ingredients of starting foaming agent and a mixer with air or liquid channels at the inlet. The air channel has an adjusting valve and/or pressure regulator, and the mixer - at the outlet a foaming hose with a hose barrel at the free end. At the inlet the mixer is provided with an injector connected through a vessel to the ingredients of the starting solution by means of a suck-in hose and a liquid channel with a water feed pump. The ratio of the inside diameter of the foaming hose-to-the length makes up 1:(500...1000).

EFFECT: provided compactness of the plant and expanded its functional potentialities.

10 cl, 18 dwg

FIELD: military equipment, in particular, camouflage means.

SUBSTANCE: the device has a pneumatic system of unfolding of the camouflage net connected to the object to be camouflaged, as well as a protective housing, control unit, power supply source, solenoid-operated pneumatic valve, compressed-air accumulator, connected to whose exhaust manifolds are elastic air ducts having increased thickness over the entire length in the form of equidimensional air cushions, whose surfaces are reliably connected to the camouflage net, the other ends of the elastic air ducts are connected to the fixing devices, having anchor-type ground catches and an unfixing assembly provided with explosive charges, connected to the control unit and the power supply source by means of strengthened wires laid along the elastic ducts.

EFFECT: enhanced resistance to the effect of wind loads due to the reliable coupling to the ground, as well as the efficiency of camouflage due to production of a rough visible surface of the camouflage net.

4 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to structural members of heating and ventilation devices used for heating and ventilation of vehicle interiors. Exhaust pipe of heating and ventilation plant consists of exhaust branch pipe of cylindrical form and semispherical protective gas baffle cap secured on exhaust branch pipe. Novelty is that exhaust pipe is provided additionally with cylindrical cup in which said exhaust branch pipe is rigidly secured. Additional semispherical caps are installed one over the other over protective gas baffle cap. Clearance is left between each of additional caps and between protective gas baffle cap and additional cap arranged close to the latter. Additional caps are installed for circulation of air between caps and protective gas baffle cap through holes made in additional caps which are closed to each other and to protective gas baffle cap in end face parts to form spaces. Additional caps are installed so that holes made in one additional cap do not coincide with holes made in other additional cap. Clearance between each of additional caps and between protective gas baffle cap and additional cap nearest to gas baffle cap is within 15-20 mm.

EFFECT: reduced level of thermal notability of object.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: military engineering namely means of protecting above-ground storing.

SUBSTANCE: store shelter has frame, equipped with telescopic and/or hinged poles, beams and bars above which there is an awning or prevent coating with corresponding characteristics. Besides the shelter has mask-screens which have awnings and/or prevent coating. Shelter's ramps and/or mask-screens are oriented relatively to the horizon at angle of 120°+ϕ≤θ≤180°, where ϕ - elevation of the target.

EFFECT:ensures increasing of camouflage characteristics of a store shelter and its technical characteristics.

17 cl, 31 dwg, 1 tbl

Ship // 2249535

FIELD: shipbuilding; devices reducing probability and range of detection of ship by enemy radar systems.

SUBSTANCE: ship has metal hull and superstructure which is made from multi-layer polymer composite material. Ratio of superstructure area to hull area shall be no less than 0.54; metal members built in superstructure are coated with radio-absorbing external layer. Open cavities in hull and in superstructure are provided with detachable shields made from material reflecting the radio waves. Provision is made for forming false radar targets for receiving enemy missiles and effective protection of personnel against radiation of own radar facilities.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and safety.

1 dwg

FIELD: masking, in particular, means for set-up of masks-jammings of reflectors.

SUBSTANCE: the masks-jammings, which are set up suddenly by filling them with gas, provide for reflection of electromagnetic waves in the radar and optical bands. The pneumatic corner reflector is easily and compactly folded and quickly set in the operating position. It is made of elastic material with pneumoconstructions of the framework or spherical character, which provide for tension of the reflecting surfaces. The cluster-ammunition has a body with components of its openings. In addition, placed in the body chamber may be the folded pneumatic reflector, with liquefied gas proportionally introduced in its pneumatic cavities. A sudden use of masks-jammings enhances the survivability of objects at least by 1.5 to 2 times and more.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of masking.

26 cl, 22 dwg, 3 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: military engineering, in particular, devices for concealment of troops and objects against a background of water surface by means of its unspotting.

SUBSTANCE: the method consists in the fact that colored or uncolored foam is continuously or periodically applied onto the water surface upstream the water section or onto the water basin section having no stream. The starting foaming solution, foam ratio, as well as the device for realization of the method are described. The device includes a reservoir connected through a liquid channel to a pump and unspotters located across or in the area of the water basin.

EFFECT: improved camouflage properties of the water surface.

13 cl, 8 dwg, 3 ex, 1 tbl

The invention relates to the field of disguise, in particular to the means of aerosol masks-interference

Fire extinguisher // 2265467

FIELD: fire-fighting equipment, particularly rechargeable portable fire-extinguishers in which fire-extinguishing substance is stored under pressure created by propellant gas.

SUBSTANCE: fire-extinguisher comprises siphon pipe, shutoff-and-triggering device connected to siphon pipe outlet and flow restrictor. Liquid sprayer comprises centrifugal liquid flow swirler and outlet nozzle. Liquid sprayer is connected to shutoff-and-triggering device outlet through pipeline. Outlet liquid sprayer nozzle is formed with profiled channel. Profiled channel inlet is attached to liquid flow swirler outlet. Profiled channel converges in flow direction. Nozzle channel may be formed by inlet converging section and outlet diverging section arranged in series. Profiled channels may define cone or conoid in cross-sections. Centrifugal liquid flow swirler is made as cylindrical insert with axial and tangential channels. Liquid flow restrictor is installed in front of shutoff-and-triggering device inlet to regulate channel area S in dependence on vessel pressure. Area S may be selected from the following condition: 0.5Sc≤S≤2.5Sc, where Sc is minimal area of profiled outlet nozzle channel. Liquid flow restrictor may be formed as valve having movable part having channels in side wall thereof and immovable part coaxial to movable one.

EFFECT: possibility to generate gas-and-droplet flow having constant spray angle and flow rate, possibility to obtain necessary distance of liquid throw for the full fire-extinguisher charge distribution process.

7 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: fire-fighting equipment and liquid sprayers for various applications.

SUBSTANCE: liquid sprayer has body with inlet connection pipe, centrifugal liquid flow swirler and nozzle with profiled channel. Centrifugal swirler is made as hollow cylindrical insert with inlet axial channel and at least four tangential inlet channels formed in side wall of the insert. Transversal sections of inlet centrifugal swirler channels are dimensioned such that 4S0≤St≤6S0, where St is summary area of tangential channel sections, S0 - is area of axial channel section. Four tangential channels may be formed in side wall of hollow insert. The tangential channels may be equidistantly spaced along a circle. Axes of symmetry defined in adjacent channels are transversal one to another. Cylindrical insert cavity communicates with inlet orifice of profiled nozzle channel including part tapering in liquid flow direction. Profiled outlet nozzle channel may comprise inlet part converging in liquid flow direction and diverging outlet part. The inlet and outlet parts are arranged one after another. Parts of profiled nozzle channel have conical or conoidal shape. Fire-extinguisher comprises tank with fire-extinguishing liquid, system for liquid displacement from the tank, shutoff-and-triggering device, liquid sprayer provided with centrifugal liquid flow swirler and outlet nozzle. Fire-extinguisher also has pipeline to connect shutoff-and-triggering device with liquid sprayer. The liquid sprayer generates gas-and-liquid jet with spray angle of 17-23°.

EFFECT: increased velocity and uniform liquid droplet dimensions in the jet, possibility to create gas-and-liquid jet with fixed spray angle.

10 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: fire fighting, particularly means for generating aerosol fire inhibitors for extinguishing fires into closed space.

SUBSTANCE: fire-extinguishing plant comprises two pyrotechnical charges for gas-aerosol mixture generation. Pyrotechnical charges are provided with protective shells and arranged in vessels connected in back-to-back manner and spaced one from another. One vessel is of plate-like shape and charges are connected to the vessel by gypsum cement layer filling space defined by vessel flanging. Ignition block is installed between the charges. Another vessel is cylindrical and mates to plate-like vessel flanging diameter. Ratio between charge masses is 3:7. The plant may perform automatic operation in two modes, namely in intensive gas-aerosol generation mode with simultaneous pyrotechnical cartridge charge end burning in both vessels to provide a certain aerosol inhibitor concentration in the space, and in slow gas-aerosol generation mode in which pyrotechnical cartridge charge burns only in cylindrical vessel to increase aerosol inhibitor concentration up to predetermined value.

EFFECT: possibility of automatic operation in two modes.

1 dwg

Aerosol generator // 2256474

FIELD: fire fighting, particularly means for generating aerosol fire inhibitors by burning pyrotechnic composition of cartridge and for delivering thereof into space to be protected in organized manner.

SUBSTANCE: aerosol generator comprises cartridge triggering unit secured into coaxial metal body through gypsum cement layer. Metal body has communication orifices to establish communication with reverse annular channel of receiver aligned with the body and covered with end cup having outlet orifices. The components are arranged inside perforated heat-exchanger case connected with outer shell through heat-shielding gypsum cement layer. The shell is tubular. Heat-exchanger case has end covers attached to case ends and having outlet orifices. End covers are fixedly secured to metal body and arranged symmetrically relative receiver located between pyrotechnical cartridges. One cartridge is provided with independent triggering unit. The case has corrugations to secure thereof in gypsum cement of heat-shielding layer.

EFFECT: increased operational reliability due to generating ignition impulse by two independent triggering units, increased intensity of cartridge burning simultaneously from both ends when fire-extinguishing composition is fed in opposite directions, reduced size, increased load-bearing strength and, as a result, possibility to increase pressure of fire-extinguishing flow to generate high-velocity flow.

2 dwg

FIELD: fire-fighting, particularly for extinguishing fires on transport and in rooms.

SUBSTANCE: plant comprises module with fire-extinguishing powder having partition installed along module body height. Partition serves as deflector and has concave shape. Orifices are formed along partition periphery. Plant has siphon tube with cuts oppositely formed at end thereof. Thermal jacket is connected to body portion. Container with gas-generation composition and heating member enclosed by insulation cup is arranged in body bottom.

EFFECT: possibility of extinguishing fire with the use of increased reliability and performance.

9 cl, 4 dwg

The invention relates to means for the prevention and extinguishing of fires

The invention relates to fire fighting equipment, namely the gas-generating devices, fire extinguishers, and can be used to supply the combined extinguishing agent to the fire or its displacement from the cylinder

The invention relates to fire fighting equipment, and more particularly to a device for extinguishing fires generated by the combustion of a pyrotechnic composition checkers aerosol retardants, organized guided into the protected volume on vehicles, ships, warehouses and industrial premises

The invention relates to fire fighting equipment, namely, portable, stationary extinguishers, systems designed to extinguish fires, and to create an inert atmosphere in the protected volume
The invention relates to fire fighting equipment, namely, compositions of liquids intended for extinguishing fires of solid combustible materials, flammable liquids, gases, and electrical systems, under voltage up to 1000 volts

FIELD: fire-fighting, particularly for extinguishing fires on transport and in rooms.

SUBSTANCE: plant comprises module with fire-extinguishing powder having partition installed along module body height. Partition serves as deflector and has concave shape. Orifices are formed along partition periphery. Plant has siphon tube with cuts oppositely formed at end thereof. Thermal jacket is connected to body portion. Container with gas-generation composition and heating member enclosed by insulation cup is arranged in body bottom.

EFFECT: possibility of extinguishing fire with the use of increased reliability and performance.

9 cl, 4 dwg

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