Grader cylinder

FIELD: separating solids from solids.

SUBSTANCE: grade cylinder comprises chute with port and rim and screw mounted inside it, front and back sockets mounted on the front and back sides of the cylinder, respectively, receiver for inflowing and outflowing material mounted at the inlet of the front socket. The front socket is provided with the throat made of a pipe whose back side embraces the rim of the chute and is provided with blades that cooperate with the material outflowing from the chute. The blades are mounted between the outer side of the throat and the rim of the front socket and cooperate with the material inflowing to the cylinder from the receiver.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and reliability.

3 dwg

 

The invention relates to machines for the separation of bulk materials, such as agricultural crops, in length.

Known Trier [RF Patent №2044577, IPC607 In 13/02, publ. 27.09.1995]containing cylinder with cells and a tray with an auger mounted inside the cylinder.

Known are cylinders, for example HSR 1010 firm HEID, Austria, To-236 firms PETKUS Germany, including a shaft with a spiral that has a receiver, pan, front and rear sockets. With this design Trier material from the tray and from the cylinder is displayed on one side, opposite the receiver, which is structurally makes it difficult to unload the material directly into the tank.

Also known indent cylinder [HEAD-10.90.000, "Grain cleaning unit HEAD-40", a Guide to construction and operation, Voronezh, ed. "Commune", 1980, p.80], which includes a tray with window rim and installed inside the auger, front and rear sockets are installed respectively on the front and rear sides of the cylinder, and the receiver of the incoming material, installed at the front entrance of the socket. The rear socket and screw the tray is installed on the shaft of the cylinder, and the front outlet is freely mounted on support rollers. Part of the cylinder material from the receiver through the front outlet enters the cylinder on the work surface with cells. the ri of this design Trier material from the tray and from the cylinder is shown from opposite sides, that reduces the number of required transporters and facilitates the process of unloading the material directly in the tank.

Are cylinders in which the front outlet is freely mounted on support rollers have low efficiency due to wear of the contact surfaces of the rollers, made usually of elastic materials with a high coefficient of friction. The cylinder during the rotation begins to vibrate, resulting in reduced separation efficiency. At the same time possible occurrence maloupa materials in the tray in the region of its rim.

The aim of the invention is to remedy these disadvantages, increase efficiency indent cylinder and separation efficiency, the improvement of the conditions of entry of material into the cylinder and removing material from the cylinder.

This objective is achieved in that in the indent cylinder, comprising a tray with window rim and installed inside the auger, front and rear sockets are installed respectively on the front and rear sides of the cylinder, and the receiver of the incoming material, installed at the front entrance of the socket, front power outlet supplemented by a neck in the shape of a tube, the rear part of which covers the rim of the tray and is provided inside the blades interacting with coming out of the tray material, and between the outer side of the neck and on the om front sockets installed blades, interacting with within the cylinder material from the receiver, and the front part of the neck with overlapping placed in the hole wall of the receiver.

The place of junction of the neck with the rim of the tray and with the wall of the receiver is provided with a seal.

For ease of configuration indent cylinder for processing material with other properties of the work surface is movable.

To eliminate vibration and beating indent cylinder in the process of its working surface, auger tray, front and rear sockets, neck front outlet with blades and blades are accurately aligned.

Figure 1 shows a General view of the indent cylinder.

Figure 2 shows a section a-a in figure 1.

Figure 3 shows the node B in figure 1.

The indent cylinder includes tray 1, window 2 and the rim 3, installed inside the tray 1 screw 4, front 5 and rear 6 sockets installed respectively on the front and rear sides of the cylinder, the receiver 7 of the input material, installed at the front entrance of the socket 5. Front socket 5 added a filler 8 in the form of tubes, rear part of which covers the rim 3 of the tray 1, and supplied inside the blades 9 that communicates with the output from the window 2 of the tray 1 material, then received by the receiver 7, and between the outer side of the cap 8 and the rim 10 of the front sockets 5 installed blades 11, vzaimodeystvuesh is from within a cylinder of material from the receiver 7, moreover, the front part of the neck 8 with overlapping placed in the hole in the wall 12 of the receiver 7. The receiver 7 includes two nesoobschaemost cavity of the upper 13 and lower 14 - for incoming raw material and processed material from tray 1, respectively. The place of junction of the cap 8 with the rim 3 of the tray 1 and the wall 12 of the receiver 7 is equipped with seals 15, 16. The working surface of the indent cylinder is movable, including the segments 17. The front 5 and rear 6 of the socket provided with a hub 18 mounted coaxially with the screw 4 of the tray 1 cylinder.

The indent cylinder works as follows.

The processed material from the upper cavity 13 of the receiver 7 is supplied to the inside of the front of the socket 5 on the outer side of the rotating cap 8 and then the blades 11 is reset to the working surface of the segments 17 of the cylinder. Material, put in a cell, rises and falls in the tray 1, and the screw 4 through the window 2 and the rim 3 is directed into the cap 8, where, with the help of the blades 9 is shown in the lower cavity 14 of the receiver 7. Seals 15 and 16 prevent the mixing fractions of the input material into the cylinder and out of the tray 1. The material is not put in a cell, due to the backwater of material from the front of the socket 5 is coming off the cylinder from the rear of the socket 6.

Coaxial installation of the auger and hubs front and rear sockets p is adequate to eliminate vibration and beating indent cylinder in the process, to improve the smoothness and efficiency indent cylinder, as well as the efficiency of the separation material. Due to the rotation of the neck and the presence of blades and vanes improve the conditions of entry of material into the cylinder and removing material from the cylinder, eliminating the occurrence of material.

1. The indent cylinder, comprising a tray with window rim and installed inside the auger, front and rear sockets are installed respectively on the front and rear sides of the cylinder, the receiver of the incoming and outgoing material, installed at the front entrance of the socket, characterized in that the front outlet is supplemented by a neck in the shape of a tube, the rear part of which covers the rim of the tray and is provided inside the blades interacting with coming out of the tray material, and between the outer side of the cap and the rim of the front sockets installed blades interacting with within the cylinder material from the receiver.

2. The indent cylinder according to claim 1, characterized in that the junction of the neck with the rim of the tray and with the wall of the receiver are equipped with seals,

3. The indent cylinder according to claim 1, wherein the work surface is movable.

4. The indent cylinder according to claim 1, characterized in that its working surface, auger tray, front and rear sockets, the mouth of the socket with blades and blades installed oono.



 

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