Facing panel mounting device
FIELD: building, particularly facing outer building walls with large facing panels.
SUBSTANCE: facing panel mounting device comprises body with at least one suspension bail and sliding support. Sliding support is movably fastened to body. The body consists of two plates connected one to another. Clamped between the plates are one bail wall and vertical wall of sliding support. The plates are used as guiding plates, the sliding support is formed of T-shaped profile. Panel displacement limiter is arranged on horizontal shoulder. Suspension bail may be formed of hollow rectangular profile. Profile may be suspended on horizontal bar installed on outer wall surface under panel to be mounted by suspension means secured to vertical posts. Suspension bail may be formed of L-shaped profile and may be suspended directly to lower panel.
EFFECT: simplified mounting of large facing panels, increased productivity, accuracy and safety of elevated job performing.
5 cl, 6 dwg
The invention relates to the construction, namely to finish the exterior walls of a building or structure facing large plates. The device is intended for the production and Assembly works with the cladding navigation (ventilated facades) slabs weighing up to 40 kg
Plate navigation mounted on vertical rails (T-shaped profile), which is part of the subsystem, with rivets or cleats. The subsystem is pre-fixed on the bearing wall of the building. Before priklepyvanija facade panels on the subsystem must be installed on the working plane of the fašade with the highest possible degree of accuracy. In the prior art unknown accessories, similar to the proposed invention.
An object of the invention is the creation of accessories to simplify the installation of large-size facade plates, to increase the efficiency, accuracy and safety of high-rise construction works.
The problem is solved in that the device for mounting the facing plates includes a housing attached to it at least one suspension bracket and retractable support mounted on the housing with a possibility of vertical movement relative to it.
Hanging bracket can be made of hollow direct the coal profile with the possibility of hanging on the horizontal rail, installed on the facade of the wall under the stacked-plate, by means of hangers mounted on vertical posts.
In the case of replacement plates on the previously assembled section, the fixture can be installed without the horizontal slats directly on the lower plate. In this case, the suspension bracket is made of G-shaped profile, with the possibility of suspension directly on the lower plate.
Sliding bearing can be made of T-shaped profile, on a horizontal shelf which is the focus offset plates, and in the lower part of the vertical wall profile made protrusion that restricts the movement of the supports up.
The housing consists of two interconnected plates, between which is sandwiched one of the walls of the bracket and is a vertical wall of retractable supports for which the said plates are guides.
The vertical movement of the retractable support is carried out by means of a sliding mechanism, which consists of a nut attached to the housing, in which is located a screw, one end of which has a crank and the other end of the screw is located below the horizontal shelf profile retractable support with the possibility of interacting with it when screwing in the screw.
The essence of the invention is illustrated by drawings.
Figure 1 shows the General VI the fixtures, installed with horizontal slats.
Figure 2 shows the device, stopping directly on the lower plate.
Figure 3 shows the clamp of the fixture, shown in figure 2.
Figure 4 shows the location of the mounting bracket to the plate.
Figure 5 shows a diagram of the mounting plates using tool 1 mounted on a horizontal rail.
Figure 6 shows a diagram of the mounting plates using tool 1 mounted directly on the lower plate.
Fixture for mounting the facing plates (see figure 1 and 2) includes a housing made of two plates 2, two hanging brackets 3 attached to the housing by means of fixing elements 4, and a sliding bearing 5 mounted with the possibility of vertical movement relative to the housing. Sliding bearing 5 is made of T-shaped profile, on a horizontal shelf which is U-shaped stop 6 offset plate serving also to install the rack level, and in the lower part of the vertical wall profile made the protrusion 7, which serves to limit the movement of the supports (5) upwards. On the wall of the stop 6 and the horizontal shelf sliding bearing 5 in contact with the installed stove can be worn tube 8 PVC to protect the plate from damage.
Hanging bracket 3 is made of a hollow rectangular profile (see f the D.1), in the wall which, clampable between the plates 2 buildings, with holes 9 for mounting elements. The bracket 3 is attached to the horizontal rail 10, which is installed with hangers 11 on vertical posts 12 of the metal sheets. Hollow rectangular profile can be obtained by bending a metal strip.
When installed fixtures directly on the downstream plate suspension bracket 3 has an l-shaped profile, in the wall which, clampable between the plates 2 buildings, with holes 9 for mounting elements 4 (see figure 3). The bracket is mounted on the plate 13 through the protective strip 14 (see figure 4).
The vertical movement of the sliding bearing 5 is carried out by means of a sliding mechanism, which consists of a nut 15 mounted on the plate 2 of the casing, in which is located a screw 16, one end of which has a crank 17 and the other end of the screw 16 is located below the horizontal shelf 18 of the T-shaped profile.
The fastening nut 15 to the plate 2 and the stop 6 to the sliding bearing 5 is carried out by welding.
The mounting plates using the proposed device is as follows.
On vertical posts 12 are mounted suspension 11, through which passes the horizontal rail 10 on which are mounted fixtures 1.
The sliding bearing 5 the lugs 6 of the set plate 13, the position that is adjusted by lowering or lifting the sliding bearing 5 by rotation of the screw 16. After the plate is installed in the desired position, make her prokleivanie.
Removing the device 1, the horizontal slats 10 and brackets 11 are produced in reverse order.
In the case of replacement plates for any reason on the previously installed section of the plane of the facade fixture is mounted directly on the upper edge of the lower plate. Regulation of the location of the plate and its prokleivanie perform the same as the above method.
The proposed device has the following advantages:
- possibility of production of Assembly-disassembly of large-size facade panels with full observance of safety
- significant increase in accuracy class installation plates and fit into place,
- increase productivity.
1. Fixture for mounting the facing plates, comprising a housing attached to it, at least one suspension bracket and retractable support connected to the housing for movement relative to it, and the housing consists of two interconnected plates, between which is sandwiched one of the walls of the bracket and is a vertical wall of a sliding bearing, which mentioned plastinated guides and a sliding bearing made of T-shaped profile, on a horizontal shelf which is the focus offset plates.
2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the hanging bracket is made of a hollow rectangular profile with the possibility of hanging on a horizontal rail mounted on the facade of the wall under the stacked plate.
3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the hanging bracket is made of G-shaped profile, with the possibility of suspension directly on the lower plate.
4. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the lower part of the vertical wall retractable supports are made protrusion that restricts the movement of the supports up.
5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the housing is fixed nut which is screw, one end of which has a crank and the other end of the screw is located below the horizontal shelf profile retractable support with the possibility of interacting with it when screwing in the screw.
FIELD: building, particularly plastering and other works for wall forming with the use of profiled screeds.
SUBSTANCE: method involves applying mortar on wall base; impressing profiled screed bars in mortar layer; repeatedly applying mortar of wall base up to obtaining mortar layer having thickness exceeding that of profiled screed bars; smoothing wall surface with the use of shaping tool sliding over profiled screed bar parts projecting out of the wall. Profiled screed bar comprises adjusting screws installed along bar length so that space between adjusting screws in irregular areas of wall base is less than that in regular areas of wall base. After profiled screed bars impressing in mortar adjusting screws are drawn out to rest the adjusting screws upon wall base and to provide vertical position of the profiled screed bars as well as necessary mortar layer thickness.
EFFECT: increased wall quality.
8 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.
SUBSTANCE: support panel has rectangular shape and is provided with four fastening members arranged on inner surface thereof. The fastening members are made as mounting hooks formed so that distance between inner panel surface and hook end L is equal to heat insulation layer thickness H. Horizontal and vertical distances between the hooks correspond to distance between ears connected to load-bearing structure of building.
EFFECT: simplified structure and assembly operation.
FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.
SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises parallel carrying profiles each formed of metal or polymeric material by extrusion operation or by sheet material bending. Each profile has hollow post. Orifices to connect carrying profiles to bearing structure are formed in carrying profile base. The carrying profile base also has clamp. Opposite side of the base is defined by partitions having free ends creating gap along carrying profile of the second post. Partitions are located between carrying profile posts and extend transversely to the posts. The partitions are made as posts of carrying profile having H-shaped cross-section and located between the posts. Posts of H-shaped carrying profile are defined by flanges and post of thrust profiles having U-shaped cross sections connecting the flanges. The thrust profiles face cladding panels by opened cavities thereof. Free end of each flange defined by thrust profile cross-section is bent inside the cavity so that acute angle is created in-between. Extensions of longitudinal mounting profile ridges are arranged between trust profile bends. The mounting profile has longitudinal extensions. Mounting profile strip touches free end of each mounting profile flange at bends. Longitudinal extension of face side ribs are directed one towards another. Adjacent cladding panels create cladding panel fixing profile at joint between grooves thereof in which longitudinal mounting profile rib extension are inserted.
EFFECT: simplified facing structure, increased manufacturability, reduced labor inputs for facing structure assemblage, prevention of panels to be connected misalignment.
10 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly vented building facades and units adapted to secure facing facade panels.
SUBSTANCE: load-bearing unit comprises shoulder-like corbel, base and insert telescopically connected with inner corbel surface. Stiffening members made as at least two imprints are made at least on two mutually opposite corbel flange surfaces and insert surfaces mating them. The stiffening members extend in parallel to axes of above surfaces. The imprint profiles define curved lines. Cavities defined by imprints made on the insert surface may cooperate with corresponding outer surfaces of imprints formed in the flange and extending into flange profile cavity.
EFFECT: elimination of load-bearing unit strength reduction, reduced longitudinal and transversal load and torque applied to the units, namely prevention of load-bearing unit deflection and sagging under the action of static, dynamic loads, including alternating ones caused by wind, and vibration.
6 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.
SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members, fastening members and a number of support units. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each load-bearing member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Bottom part of load-bearing U-shaped profile is provided with at least three elongated orifices for load-bearing profile connection to support unit and for hanging member connection to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile. Orifices in end plate, hanging member and load-bearing U-shaped profile are similar in shape. Load-bearing U-shaped profile orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing U-shaped profile.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging.
5 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.
SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.
14 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: building industry, in particular mixture for production of finishing and ornamental articles.
SUBSTANCE: claimed mixture contains (vol. pts): bischofite aqueous solution 0.7-1.0; caustic magnesite 1.0-1.5; wood sawdust 2.0-3.5; and additionally iodinol pre-dissolved in bischofite aqueous solution 0.3-0.6. Also is disclosed raw mixture containing (vol. pts): bischofite aqueous solution 0.7-1.0; caustic magnesite 1.0-1.5; wood sawdust 2.0-3.5; and additionally crystal catnallite mineral introduced after caustic magnesite, wood sawdust and bischofite aqueous solution 0.25-0.40.
EFFECT: raw mixture with necessary serviceability and balneological effect for a long period.
3 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.
SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.
EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.
21 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: wood-working industry.
SUBSTANCE: a set for wooden wall panel consists of a great number of reverse-molding panels of various dimensions and planes of finishing or separating panel adapted to completely close the wall of any dimensions between the plinth and the rack for protection of walls against damage by chair backs. The method for reverse molding of loose cellulose mat in the course of one operation of pressing requires preliminary pressing or some other operation of preliminary molding such as removal of the surface level. The reverse molding panels are molded in a usual multiple-stage press for wood-fiber plates in the course of one pressing operation, trying to transfer the molding components without visually observable destruction of fibers.
EFFECT: produced panel of a high strength.
67 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.
SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.
EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.
2 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: building units, particularly for producing decorative panels for facing outer surfaces of wooden prefabricated house.
SUBSTANCE: method involves applying adhesive on panel surface; impressing granular material in adhesive applied on panel from below by pressing thereof to panel surface. Before granular material application panel is impregnated in melted industrial sulfur and then pre-coated. Device for granular material application includes container having through orifice, height-adjustable rod fixedly secured to plate by one end thereof and having pedal pivotally connected to another rod end. Rod may be displaced. Plate is made as container bottom for granular material movement to panel from below with pressing granular material in adhesive applied on panel secured in container by clamps. Panel faces granular material by surface coated with adhesive.
EFFECT: increased efficiency due to increased bonding strength of adhesive layer with panel and granular material with adhesive layer.
2 cl, 2 dwg