Diving outfit for shallow waters

FIELD: water transport; diving outfit.

SUBSTANCE: proposed diving outfit includes unit for forced delivery of atmospheric air located below breast plate of ballast system and provided with impeller, speed regulator for control of speed depending on depth of submergence and storage battery. This unit is communicated with breathing hose and breathing tube communicated with body provided with mouth-piece and inhalation and exhalation valves; breathing hose is communicated with water flooding protective device fitted with float and cap. Ballast system is provided with weighting material for feet and on-the-back plate with shoulder and waist belts with snap hooks for securing to breast plate; plates are provided with ballast cargoes fasteners. Besides that, inflatable reservoir in form of collar is secured on the back plate; it is communicated with mouth-piece with tip. Each weighting material for feet is made in form of lead sole thickening from heel to toe-cap; it is provided with lead upright bent transversely behind diver's shank.

EFFECT: simplified construction; ease in use.

5 dwg

 

The invention relates to water sports, diving equipment, in particular to systems open breathing with shallow depths, the ballasting and balancing buoyancy.

Available devices stay under water at a depth of eight meters embody the experience of deep, i.e. the use of diving equipment, expansion joints, compressors, compressed air, motors, regulators, respiratory machines, wetsuits, multi-valve systems, ballast, etc. If for industrial, construction and repair works for emergency services such equipment are acceptable for individual use, to rest in shallow water it is cumbersome, difficult delivery, configuration, implementation, and is not intended for small depths. On the other hand, use of the device for snorkeling - sailing on the surface of the water snorkeling, mask, fins and a short dive very deep. Breathing tube extends: US patent No. 2814292, 26.11.1957, 128-201 .11 and the patent FR No. 2609962 A1, 29.07.1988, 63, 11/16, but the return air reduces the time spent under water, affects the health of the swimmer, there is a need for sustainability, the verticality of the tube, warnings dive at its maximum length, it resolvement if you continue diving - diving, as if surfacing is not fully blowing water (not x ateet volume of exhalation), as well as complicate the tube, and introduce a system of intake valves at its upper end and exhalation: avts SU # 281198, 03.09.1970, 63, 11/16 and US patent No. 4655212, 07.04.1987, 128-201 .11, their drawback is when diving the air inside the tube is replaced penetrating water, which is difficult to completely blow on the surface of a pond when a closed valve breaths.

Specific to the shallow water was the use of hoses to force a supply of atmospheric air to overcome the pressure of the water, suffocating, electric, diesel or mechanical air pumps, for example, US patent No. 5471976, 05.12.1995, 128-201 .27, US patent No. 3467091, 16.09.1969, 128-201 .11, patent DE No. 3721429 C2, 30.07.1992, 63, 11/20, the implementation of the principle of forced ventilation - US patent No. 5535734, 16.07.1996, 128-201 .27, prototype, including the use of a cylinder of compressed air, floating on the water surface, patent DE No. 2635617 C3, 03.02.1983, 63 With 11/20 and implementation of regeneration under water breath (with its purification from carbon dioxide - patent RU No. 2078713 C1, 10.05.1997, 63, 11/20). However, providing atmospheric air to stay at shallow depths remains constructive, technical and operational defects that require the removal, including the use of new solutions and capabilities.

Apply dozens of devices on the surface of the water, contributing fixyou the Oia and retention tube or hose breathing under water in the form of diverse, including wooden rafts, air blank, or with additional structures on plastic containers - floats, above which tower the unit air intake taking into account the elimination of salivatory rain, side, wave, hit random subject and peoplemost. The known device containing in the upper extremities bent down upper end of the breathing tube plastic balls that overlap the inlet of the air duct under the influence of water (use the buoyancy of the ball) - patent GB No. 2311227 And 24.09.1997, 63, 11/16 and US patent No. 5351681, 04.10.1994, 128-201 .11. Sometimes the valve, which ensures that the Bay water, make the inside of the float, for example, in a round tapered plastic containers from 2 to 10 liters, and the length of the breathing tube up to 3 meters (patent GB No. 2187103 And 03.09.1987, 63, 11/16). But popular is the use of the principle of the bells (US patent No. 5335734, 16.07.1996, 128-201 .27 used as the valve overlapping Bay water breathing tube - patent SU # 1761587 A1, 15.09.1992, 63, 11/16). The construction is not strong enough, not duplicated protective devices.

The target device in the form of unit: nozzle duct, mouthpiece, valve and exhalation improved from developments associated with snorkeling, in which the exhalation valve used in air and blowing randomly according to adusei water was determined near the mouthpiece in a single unit, and for the complete elimination of recirculation air there and put the valve inhalation: patent NO NO 168815, 30.12.1991, 63, 11/16 and the patent FR No. 2732305 A1, 04.10.1996, 63, 11/16. However, longitudinally partitioned tube with two ducts (one breath, the other for exhalation) has narrowed air passages, not specified Gulf waters, which from the partition valve of breath to blow out, cannot be used with forced air supply. Separate breathing: inhale through nose, exhale through the mouth has a physiological nasal length limit of tubing and hose (patent FR No. 2720050 A1, 24.11.1995. In 63 11/16). So valve and exhalation are developed with the requirements of compulsory breath at depths shallow water.

Sustainability and stability, ballasting and balancing buoyancy, individual selection of ballast are carried by a diver at a shallow descent. Easy diver for a quick dip and a short stay under water uses primitive cargo, with which the under water part. The diver and the diver is the main part of the ballast are in the form of diving, technical equipment, belts with weights, chest and neck ballast, soft pressed weights on the ankles, weighted shoes, cargo panels and plates. Many can be adapted for shallow water conditions. For example, lead belt inserts (patent FR No. 2671047 A1, 03.07.1992, 63, 11/30), belt with shoulder straps (patent GB No. 2287870 And 04.10.1995, 63 C 11/30), breast ballast mounting shoulder and waist straps (patent FR No. 2816814 A1, 24.05.2002, And 45 F 3/04). Active improvement of ballast equipment with scuba divers and divers passed through the introduction of balancing buoyancy using air capacity (patent FR No. 2689481 A1, 08.10.1993, 63, 11/30), mainly jackets or more cylinders in which either blows air from scuba, or air travelpulse (avts SU # 740602, 15.06.1980, 63 C 11/04), and now the same in the form of expansion joints with buttons filling and etching of the valve and the development of sophisticated suspension systems (patent FR No. 2682928 A1, 30.04.1993, 63, 11/02). However, swimming in a horizontal body position and stay on the bottom, resting and working in a vertical position, are characteristic of shallow water for the diver and need ballast equipment. For example, in the absence of diving lead weights belt, is difficult to manage, disturbed the alignment of the ballast, and coordination.

Stay on the bottom requires a heavier Shoe. Available in a diving practice galoshes and bots with soles up to 12 kg each, boots with lead insoles (2-4 kg each)and backs (mounted on the heels of 3 kg each) bulky, not comfortable, do not consider individual requests the si in size, weight and comfort. For additional loads on the calf muscle use in sports shoes and sandals with fastening screws or garters weighted platforms (US patent No. 1990970, 12.02.1935, 36-132, US patent No. 2545910, 20.03.1951, 36-132, patent GB No. 2100969 And 12.01.1983, And 43 R 13/10, US patent No. 4686781, 18.08.1987, 36-132), but they are not intended for wearing under water made with a specific size and lack of weight. There are many known solutions, taking into account anatomical and muscular features of the foot and lower leg fastening shoes (patent DE No. 3907196 A1, 13.09.1990 And 43 7/14 and US patent No. 2395767, 26.02.1946, 36-11 .5), however, there is a need for simple constructions of weights, put on sports shoes or without shoes, dimensionless, with the possibility of individual adjustment and cheap.

The aim of the invention is to enhance and improve the design, technical and operational characteristics of the underwater equipment for shallow water, its complex systems of sailing on water and under water, and rest on the bottom at depths of up to eight meters: block forced air from the water surface; the nozzle and the float, providing resolvement water hose; valve breaths, which eliminates the recirculation of air, and valve exhalation carries out blow-out exhalation and accidentally got water; ballast equipment with the ability to collect, distribute, C is trovati, record the weight of the cargo, its to balance on and under the water when swimming, hang and stay at the bottom in terms of comfort and security.

This goal is achieved by the fact that the unit is forced air from the water surface and is attached at the bottom of the chest plate ballast equipment in a sealed enclosure box, in which one side an inlet opening for connection with the Ref through the rubber hose, air intake, on the other hand - an outlet opening for connection with the Ref breathing tube with a block of the nozzle duct, the mouthpiece, valve and exhalation. Inside the box consists of two sections: the first is cylindrical, end-to-end along the longitudinal axis from one hole to another in the middle part of the installed impeller, occupying the entire cross-sectional area of the pressurized air, pulling the air from the water surface. The axis of the impeller passes through the two bearing (with a gap between them), which is coupling with branches of the fastener to the cylinder wall, the ends of the axle bevel gear, which is at a right angle through the bearing in the wall of the cylinder is held with the bevel gear rotating roller. In the second section covers the battery and electric motor drive mechanical variator shaft and the roller contact with the variations is the EOS gear, going into the first section. Increase and decrease the speed of rotation of the impeller by a smooth movement of the disk of the variator is carried out through the membrane, which responds to the pressure of the water and indirectly connected to the variator. On and off through the thin bottom wall unit air supply.

The float is implemented, for example, in the form of a round dozen or more liter empty cans in the center of it is built or made with float sleeve with a diameter of 1-2 cm larger than the diameter of the tube nozzle that allows the float to remain on the surface, while the nozzle and tube air intake can fall and rise within the set lower limit - metal or plastic washers inserted in place of the connection tube nozzle, passed through a float with a hose. To prevent flooding of hose accidental water and rain is installed, the nozzle cap having a system of internal and external tapered walls. When diving diver deeper hose length and height of the tube nozzle float its upper inclined plane will block input intake nozzle orifice, and if water work principle bells (indoor air bubble under the hood) and the Gulf does not occur.

Flexible hose - rubber or polymeric mA the materials, with a diameter of 18 mm or more, up to 8-10 m (depending on needs: the depth of the reservoir, the characteristics of work and rest) is attached at the bottom of the dorsal plate of the ballast equipment diver and on the waist belt and fastening to it goes to the connection unit, forced air, after which in the form of a breathing tube goes up on the edge of the chest plate and above with rotation to the center, to the unit duct, the mouthpiece and valve and exhalation, performed in a separate plastic casing - tube length 14-17 cm, inside of which in the course of the air flow are the inspiratory valve, 3-4 cm from it - connecting bend for attaching and securing the mouthpiece and exhalation valve. Structurally, the valve and exhalation consist of standardized parts.

For the diver proposed ballast equipment in the form of symmetrical relative to the longitudinal axis stainless steel, aluminum alloy or plastic back and breast plates with rubber pads, means mounting the ballast and suspension system with bows on the chest plate, shoulder and waist straps with clasps and buckles pull. Dorsal plate, for example, a width of 22 cm, height 21 cm, thickness 3 mm, weight : 1.1 kg with securing cargo in three leaking welded to the plate and between the cylinders or in motornih frames stainless steel allowing the mass to 17.1 kg to place and secure the cargo of a standard set of weights (for example, aluminum cans filled with lead Bank in a volume of 0.5 l, filled up with molten lead, is the weight of 5.7 kg)lead may be in the form of a fraction, balls, pallet packaging bags. The chest plate of the same width - 22 cm, height 14.2 cm and a thickness of 3 mm, a weight of about 750 g with four mounting welded handles for shoulder and waist straps with carabiners, also with cargo fasteners in three leaking welded to the plate and between the cylinders or in frames for weighting (for example, aluminum cans filled with lead (Bank volume of 0.33 l with lead is the mass of 3.8 kg). Typical frame on the plates: each jar is screwed into the base rod diameter 10 mm, length 72 mm with a hole at one end and threaded therein coinciding with the center of the bottom of the jar, to which are soldered the other corresponding to the size of the hole and the threaded rod, there is also the side bars, one on each side and between the cans at a height of 8 cm and 14 cm, which is screwed into the plate with a height greater than the radius of the cylinder cans on the ends of the side rods have holes, turned to banks. In the banks at a height of 8 cm and 14 cm made through the center of the transverse holes. Passing the needle through the holes of the rods and cans, Cruce the data in advance in the support rod, with her legs on each side on the needle with the wing nuts, the ends of the fastener cans.

In the selection of individual mass of the ballast three large and three small banks in the initial mass of the equipment in 3 kg there are 16 combinations of variants of cargo from 3 up to 31.5 kg Individual access to the balance of the sinking and buoyancy under water (so-called hang) is made by balancing the buoyancy, which is performed continuously (e.g., exhaled air) or drain already typed, including surface water, air rubber air chamber, which is at the top of the back in the form of a collar. It secures the blade of folded rubber sides to the middle of the dorsal plate, and the side branches of the vessel are attached to the shoulder straps in two places to the shoulder pads and two after the transition to the breast, where the end bracket to the rubber belts petals. The length of the inner edge of the vessel and its branches about 80 cm, the outer edge is about 100 cm, which provides a volume capacity of 4 liters, i.e. to increase the buoyancy when the vessel is empty of 4 kg or reduce the buoyancy when the vessel is full of 4 kg or manipulate the 2MEkg srednezapadnyj capacity. From one of the branches at the level of the clavicle moves breather pipe with a safety clip at the end, she put on the mouthpiece to the valve closure of the duct. Mounds the criminal code inserted in the wall of the mouthpiece, its outer part outside the oral cavity. The mass of the goods, which had to balance buoyancy, you can determine when you return the diver to the surface for air volume, pressed in the device determine lung capacity (spirometer), and taking into account the compression of air at a depth of balancing to make adjustments ballasting is to remove the excess ballast.

Slipping down the center of gravity, weighting feet, to achieve greater stability to stay on the bottom or to hang in a vertical position. The sole and the rear part of the tibia is the most convenient for placing cargo on the foot, which can be expressed in the form of an elongated sufficiently wide sole weighing up to 2 kg and thickened, the concave side of the leg rack height up to 30 cm, weight is also up to 2 kg of the Basic design of the sole and the rack is made of lead with a thick coating of polymeric material. By analogy with the rod for bottom ugenia fish, which is called a "Donk", weights on the legs can be called a "donkey". Their weight up to 8 kg makes changes in the distribution of ballast on the back and breast plates. Fasteners mass - market produced lacing from the toe to the top of the front leg via soldered to the lead in the manufacture of the edge of the sole and front legs - metal shackle. When flat shoes from the top, its bottom sloping from a thick heel to tonawandas, depending on individual size can podrezaetsya. More can podrezaetsya lead the front leg, as too have different requirements for ballast. Plasticity of lead, over time, improve the fit of the weights.

The invention is illustrated by drawings. Figure 1 shows a General view of the underwater equipment for shallow in-situ conditions, including breast plate with weights hanging belts, unit forced air supply and the weights for legs, figure 2 - block forced air, figure 3 - cap and float - above-water portion of the intake hose, figs.4 - cap (bottom view)figure 5 - dorsal plate with steel fasteners for mass, air tank, suspension straps and attaching the hose.

Surface and scuba diving hose to the air intake at depths of up to eight meters, ground work and leisure are their characteristics in terms of the provision of adequate depth the pressure of the supplied breathable air, without penetration of water in it, without recirculation and ballusterbeine, well-placed cargo. Air supply (see figure 1) through the hose 1 with a length of up to 8-10 meters, with a diameter of 18 mm, which is attached at the bottom of the back plate and rotated by a belt tightly and spirally through Proclus the ku 11 is attached to the unit forced air 2, having two sections (see figure 2): section discharge air to the required pressure 3 and the section of the battery 4 with electric motor 5, 6 mechanical variator transmission of the rotation axis of the impeller 7 in the first section, as well as supporting the holder 8 of the electric motor 5, the membrane 9, responsive to the water pressure, and a switch 10.

The upper end of the hose is located on the surface of the water, its stability and additional buoyancy in the vertical position provides air capacity - float 12, which can be tightly fixed on the upper end of the hose, leaving the place for any nozzle or without it, or sealed with a sleeve of a diameter of 1-2 cm larger than the diameter of the tube nozzle 13. Resolvement hose (see figure 3) is provided with a cap 13 of the nozzle system of inner and outer conical walls 14 of the air flow through a circular (see figure 4) input intake holes with seats 15, tightly overlapping the corresponding inclined wall 16 of the float, together forming the connection joint. Inside the hood several inclined planes 14, on the bottom (for drain casual water) which has openings 17 for the passage of air. Possible side sectional partitions, each partition must be input and output apertures larger than the area of the top is th end of the breathing tube. Under the nozzle of the tube 18 is attached a spring 19, the retaining space between the nozzle and the float in the normal state. Spring condense against the provided groove 20 of the float allows tightly against the inclined surface of the float to seat the inlet air intake holes of the nozzle. The breathing tube 18 of the nozzle is connected under moving it float with the hose, the connection is a metal or plastic washer 21 - stop for the float.

The other end of the duct is a tube 22 extending from the box forced air, connected to the case of a single block of the mouthpiece 23, valve 24 and breath exhalation valve 25. The body is made in the form 14-17 cm plastic tube, one end of which, as an example, there is a cushion of 0.5 cm from the edge, which is drawn out of the breathing tube and is fastened by a clamp, or between them threaded or other connection, it is the inspiratory valve, the other end of the housing unit - exhalation valve, 3-4 cm from the inspiratory valve is venting for installation and mounting of the mouthpiece. This asymmetric arrangement of the mouthpiece allows the bubbles of air from the exhalation valve to climb out of sight of the swimmer. Structurally, the valves universal, interchangeable, made, for example, thus: in the each end of the body tube of the duct with the mouthpiece inserted round plastic frame, with the front inner edge round the saddle, and from the inner wall of the frame to the center in a single plane, at an equal distance between them, depart 3, 4 radial forming 3, 4 equal segments, flat spacers to stop fixed at the center in the direction of passage of air round elastic membrane.

Figure 5 shows a back plate 26 of, for example, stainless steel size 22 cm ×21 cm and a thickness of 3 mm, which made the frame for the three aluminum cans 32 volume 0,5 l 0,33 l or in combination cans of different sizes from the bottom 35, lateral and Lebanon 33 rods screwed into the plate at the height of the cans 8 cm and 14 cm, width international standard popular jars of this type with a diameter of 6.5, see plate is glued rubber strip 27 that extends along the edges up to 4 cm with cutouts for the shoulder 29 and a belt 31 straps permanently affixed to the plate. Mount cans filled with lead (weight 5.7 kg or 3.8 kg each), they are screwing into the holes of the bottom rods and pins passing through the holes of the side bars and cans made through the center at a height of 8 cm for large and small cans and 14 cm for large cans. Spoke with two sides secured with the wing nuts. Above the plate is air capacity 30 in the form of a collar, the bottom of which is of two layers of rubber - petal 37 attached to the top plate screw and washer, bends 39 of pneumococci are attached to the shoulder straps, which are strip 38. One of the branches has the outlet tube 40 with a safety clamp 41 at its end, to be worn on the mouthpiece 42 with valve shutoff of airflow. To carry plates and suspension straps has a handle 36 between the two shoulder straps, the bottom plate secures the intake hose 1.

Figure 1 - steel chest plate 43, for example, a size of 22 cm ×14.2 cm, thickness 3 mm, weight 750 g, with arms 44 for attaching carabiners shoulder 29 and waist belts 31. Rubber gasket 45 is up to 4 cm from the edges of the plate 43 to which it is glued. For securing cargo or three aluminum cans 32 filled with lead (- 0.33 l each, weighing 3.8 kg), has bottom studs 46, in which banks are twisted and at a height of 8 cm through them, merbanan and side rods 47 with holes skipped mounting pin. The bottom plate is placed block forced air 2. Inserted on the dorsal plate (large and small banks) - 3 large (5.7 kg each) and 3 on the chest plate (3.8 kg each) have 16 combinations of ballast from the initial mass of the equipment in 3 kg up to 31.5 kg with full ballast.

Dress for bottom stay diver weights 48 - donkey sod is rat sole lead 49 and lead transversely concave rack 50 behind the tibia, covered with a thick layer of polymeric material and fastened by cords 51 to the foot and lower leg through the wire arm 52 along the edges of the design. Contact with the foot and Shin of the surface mass can be covered with a woven material. The tightness and dryness of the feet and down to the hips is provided a plastic boots, which the diver puts right on athletic shoes or socks before attaching the weights.

Diver's equipment: mask, dorsal plate with the load, the part filled with air capacity, the fixed end of the hose air intake, buttoned carbines lap and shoulder belts breastplate with cargo and unit forced air, fins or weighted shoes, holding the float with a nozzle and hose is in the water up to the chest level, puts on a water surface float with a nozzle, inserts the mouthpiece into the block with valves and breather tube and floats or sinks underwater for the desired depth of eight meters. In other conditions, the diver can descend into the water from the stairs, jump your feet down, or to fall floating or stationary object. Breathing is done through the hose, the inspiratory valve opens the inlet air flow - power of breath and the air pressure from the block of its submission, is closed by the pressure of the exhaled air by the force of exhalation. CLA is an exhalation is held closed by water pressure and opens the active exhalation, when the excessive pressure in the tube portion of the air may be bled off from.

Pressing the bottom of the switch, through the wall unit air supply is switched on the motor, which is pressed by the water pressure of the membrane affects the variator and regulates the speed of rotation of the impeller and the air pressure in the breathing tube. The placement and consolidation of the ballast on the back and on the chest creates free space for movements of the arms and legs, allows you to evenly distribute its weight, to secure and prevent it from shifting during movement. Individual selection of cargo just run in cylinders with drainage holes, as well as frames with aluminum banks, for example: if the initial mass of equipment - 3 kg, add 1 small jar received - 6.8 kg or 1 large - 8,7 kg, 2 small - 10,6 kg, 1 large and 1 small - 12.5 kg, 3 small - 14.4 kg, 2 large - 14.4 kg, 1 large and 2 small - 16,3 kg, 2 large and 1 small - 18,2 kg, 1 large and 3 small - 20,1 kg, 3 large - 20,1 kg, 2 large and 2 small - 22,0 kg, 3 large and 1 small - 23,9 kg, 2 large and 3 small and 25.8 kg, 3 large and 2 small 27.7 kg, 3 large and 3 small - 31.5 kg Balancing buoyancy by filling out and bleed air into the water from air tank, i.e. the discharge of exhaled air through the mouthpiece (palm closing the exhalation valve, opening the valve of the mouthpiece when removing the clamp tube) and exhaust the C capacity opening the valve of the mouthpiece when removing the clamp, outlet tube during exhalation diver through the exhalation valve. In General, the ballast equipment simplified and convenient in operation. On the surface of the water, you can swim and dive without ballast, air capacity, unit forced air, even without the harness, attaching attached to the mask hose to the unit casing to the inlet of the duct, the mouthpiece, valve and exhalation.

When you change the locations of the diver's hand slowly tightens the hose float as close as possible to the surface of the water. With float sealed hole (for example, in the canister with a wide throat), dive time, you can leave a towel, comb, watch, money, documents, player, mobile phone, portable radio, and the radio (wiring stretch around the breathing hose), etc. within reasonable limits. Length of stay and work under water diver chooses, on the basis of health, empirically. If it is necessary urgently to emerge from the left side (see figure 1) from the chest plate disclosed carbines lap and shoulder belts and turn off the motor power supply air, all the equipment is reset. Later it pulled the hose from the float to the water surface.

The proposed equipment allows yet actively entertain to observe, to enjoy the shallow (up to eight meters) sea shelf, rivers, lakes, ponds, and work with the bottom soil, flora and fauna, to clean the bottom, to perform physical tasks to activate pulmonary activity, including health and rehabilitation treatments at depths of 1-3 meters, for example, in swimming pools, deep baths. It is possible to work on underwater farms, in parks, to participate in the aquashow parks, repair and care of modern aquariums, to lead the initial dive training: adaptation to the aquatic environment, the definition of individual ballast by ballasting and balancing buoyancy.

Scuba equipment for shallow water containing block forced air breathing hose, a device for preventing spillage of the hose, valves and exhalation, located in the housing in the form of a tube made from a connecting tap to attach the mouthpiece, and mask, characterized in that the unit is forced supply of atmospheric air is located at the bottom of the chest plate of the ballast system, which supplied the equipment, and is designed as a sealed box having a through cylindrical section with an impeller of the air turbine, and the second section of this box size is received battery the electric motor with mechanical variator drive the said impeller and a membrane connected to a variator for varying the speed of rotation of the impeller depending on the depth of immersion, with the specified cylindrical section communicated with one end of the breathing hose and the other with a breathing tube communicated with said housing and a valve and exhalation, and the tube is specified casing with valves made of length 14-17 cm, and connecting the outlet is located at a distance of 3-4 cm from the edge of the tube with valve inhalation, the device for preventing spillage of the breathing hose is made with a nozzle having a suction tube with a cap, and a float in the form of a plastic air capacity of at least 10 l, made with a sleeve for the passage through it mentioned air intake tube connected to the breather hose, and the specified cap is made with the lower inclined inside wall having a circular air intake holes with seat for sealing overlap their respective upper conical wall of the float and the ballast system is made with weights for legs and back plate with shoulder and waist straps with carabiners for attaching the said breast plate, and these pectoral and dorsal plates have means mount the FL ballast weights, made in the form of cylinders, or boxes with drainage holes, or metal frames, and the goods made solid or in the form of bags of lead shot or balls, with dorsal plate attached inflatable container in the form of a collar provided with a tube, having a safety clamp, connected to the mouthpiece, the mouthpiece having a valve overlap of the air flow, and each weighting foot made in the form of a leaden soles, thinning from heel to toe and having a transversely concave lead rack, exhaust from the back of the heel up to the location behind the legs of the diver, with outer soles and hour made with soldered them fit for laces and coated with a polymer material.



 

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Stand-diver trainer // 2094300
The invention relates to a diving technique, and specifically to techniques for providing initial training and subsequent periodic training of divers and can be used in a diving schools, educational groups and organizations involved in the selection, preparation and training of diving composition

FIELD: water transport; diving outfit.

SUBSTANCE: proposed diving outfit includes unit for forced delivery of atmospheric air located below breast plate of ballast system and provided with impeller, speed regulator for control of speed depending on depth of submergence and storage battery. This unit is communicated with breathing hose and breathing tube communicated with body provided with mouth-piece and inhalation and exhalation valves; breathing hose is communicated with water flooding protective device fitted with float and cap. Ballast system is provided with weighting material for feet and on-the-back plate with shoulder and waist belts with snap hooks for securing to breast plate; plates are provided with ballast cargoes fasteners. Besides that, inflatable reservoir in form of collar is secured on the back plate; it is communicated with mouth-piece with tip. Each weighting material for feet is made in form of lead sole thickening from heel to toe-cap; it is provided with lead upright bent transversely behind diver's shank.

EFFECT: simplified construction; ease in use.

5 dwg

FIELD: diving equipment; outfit for underwater swimmers.

SUBSTANCE: proposed outfit includes ballast in form of lead members with hold-down plates, suspension system, mask and breathing tube. Suspension system is provided with on-the-back and breast plates interconnected by means of shoulder and waist straps. Both plates have ears or loops for securing the ballast by means of hold-down plates. Breast plate is provided with working air reservoir and reservoir of lesser diameter for imparting zero buoyancy; both reservoirs are provided with water inlet valves; working reservoir has front wall and graduation of 0.1 of its volume.

EFFECT: enhanced accuracy of determination of ballast mass.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: diving equipment; ballast outfit for underwater swimmer.

SUBSTANCE: proposed ballast outfit includes on-the-back lead plate with branches connected with shoulder and waist straps and weighting elements for feet each of which has sole and counter. On-the-back plate is made in form of armor with backing in form of elastic air reservoir for control of buoyancy. Lower edge of this reservoir is secured to lower part of armor; its volume is no less than 3 ; it is provided with shoulder air evacuating branches with on-the-back part of reservoir under branches of armor. One of air evacuating branches is connected with tube for injection and discharge of air provided with clip and tip with valve for connection with mouth-piece. Sole and counter of each weighting element has cavity filled with lead shots or mixture of shot with dry sand or sawdust through hole provided with hermetic plug or cover on upper part of counter.

EFFECT: possibility of changing mass of outfit in accordance with individual data of swimmer.

2 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: aquatic sports; units for ballasting and balancing the submariner.

SUBSTANCE: proposed unit has hollow metal or plastic cylinder with scale of readings of positive or negative buoyancy, ballast, round float and stainless steel sectional pipe-upright with two cross-pieces for underwater swimmer. Secured in center of lower end face of cylinder is round block with hooks for securing the swimmer's outfit having negative buoyancy and for net with outfit having positive buoyancy and air reservoirs. Pipe-upright is screwed into said block and is held by nut. Ballast is made in form of lead poured filling the pipe; its mass ensures position of middle of vertical of said cylinder and zero mark of scale at water and air media interface. Round float has hole with beveled upper edge for fitting it on cylinder at spaced relation. Float may be ballasted by water admitted to it till lower end of beveled edge takes the position against zero mark of scale.

EFFECT: enhanced accuracy of determination of underwater swimmer buoyancy.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: sport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water sport, ballasting and balancing of underwater swimmer and swimmer's outfit. Identifier structure consists of leak tight air reservoir, e.g. 3 litre plastic box, and ballast - leaded billet with negative floatation - 3 kg, which is a counterbalance for positive reservoir floatation. If reservoir is filled with water, floatation can be changed from 0 to -3 kg by water inlet/outlet knob when positive floatation is measured. If billet is removed - from +3 kg to 0 at negative floatation. Volumes to be filled are defined according to scales with marks at each 0.1 l and figures at each 0.5 l. Measurement parameters will increase from +6 to - 6 kg of swimmer floatation with appropriate outfit if billet and two 1.5 l air reservoirs are added. Floatation identifier is provided with suspension system and balancing reservoir to bring identifier to zero floatation.

EFFECT: simplification of structure; more compact; possibility to change negative and positive floatation parameters of underwater swimmer.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: items of personal and house use.

SUBSTANCE: device for gasketing a protective mask contains a fixing tape for creation of gasket between a helmet and a mask, a system of head belts for holding a protective mask, at least, one holder for attaching a mask to the fixing tape and the system of head belts.

EFFECT: creation of more reliable device for holding a mask and high level of safety.

17 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: underwater system for air exhaust comprises air supply controller body, which is functionally connected to exhaust valve, which contacts with water on one side, and device for exhaust of air bubbles, which is connected to body of air supply controller and creating place for air pocket, which communicates to exhaust valve side of contact with water. At that in device for air bubbles exhaust beneath sealing edge of exhaust valve, channel for water is arranged. In other versions of invention air pocket may be created by hood that constitutes a whole on device for exhaust of air bubbles, and resistance of gas exhaust may be reduced, when air supply controller is in position "face upfront" and also "face down".

EFFECT: lower probability of water leakage in system and free flow of gas from system.

17 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: salvage operations.

SUBSTANCE: diving suit comprises head part, trouser legs, torso trunk and sleeves. At least one of diving suit sleeves comprises longitudinal hole in the area of forearm part, which is closed with the help of tightly closing element arranged in the form of leaktight zipper. Longitudinal hole is separated from diving suit by a leaktight collar.

EFFECT: expanded functionality of diving suit included into salvage diving gear.

3 cl

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises unit of respiratory regulator with outlet lip and dive mask with sight lens. Said lens has front guard part and rear guard part attached to said front part and designed to be fitted on respiratory regulator unit. Top edges of aforesaid front and rear guard parts are jointed together so that rear guard part is arranged on respiratory regulator unit partially surrounding outlet lip to entrap air bubbles releases therefrom, while front guard part and rear guard part make, at least, one lateral pocket to deflect air bubbles breathed out from mask sight lens in underwater jobs. Rear guard part forms protective barrier to prevent contact of air bubbles escaping from respiratory regulator unit with diver equipment and has, at least, one receptacle for detached respiratory regulator unit mount tube.

EFFECT: improved vision and audibility as well as communication between divers.

21 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a new double-layer wet suit fit both for diving and activities on water surface. The wet suit consists of the first hollow water-impermeable elastic material and the second hollow elastic material arranged above the first material, and every of which is shaped as a human body and comprises two sleeves, two trouser legs and a body. The wet suit has a smooth solid outer layer.

EFFECT: invention provides quickness of owner movements and convenience of usage.

22 cl, 5 dwg

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