Method and device for people evacuation from elevated locations (variants)


FIELD: rescue equipment, particularly equipment for emergency people group evacuation from elevated location.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises evacuation capsule provided with parachute and guiding means arranged at an angle one to another and adapted to support the capsule. The evacuation capsule has door openings, seats, seat safety belts, air bags and windows. The capsule also has self-braking system. Part of capsule bottom is made as anchoring plate, which may be removed from the capsule and lowered by ropes. In concordance with the second embodiment the capsule is provided with winch to pull ropes, which connect the capsule with the anchoring plate. In the third embodiment the device also has winch with pulls ropes connecting the capsule with the anchoring panel. In another embodiment device comprises air sleeve secured to guiding ropes and connected with evacuation capsule from the first end and with fan from the second end thereof. During fan operation the capsule moves out by filling the sleeve with air. The evacuation capsule, air sleeve and fan are installed in land-based structure. The capsule is provided with parachute and self-braking system. Methods of emergency evacuation from elevated locations and from television tower with the use of above device are also disclosed.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of emergency large people group evacuation.

10 cl, 11 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of rescue service, and in particular to devices and methods group evacuation from high-rise buildings in case of occurrences of accidents, terrorist attacks, fires, etc.

The known device for the evacuation of people from high-rise buildings containing the cab attached to the cable connecting the high-rise building with space for shelter ("Rocket and space technology", No. 17, VENTI, 1969, p.9-10; and inventor's certificate SU # 986428 from 07.01.1983, And 62 In 1/02, Yevtikov and others).

The disadvantages of these technical solutions is the inability to evacuate large numbers of people, the practical impossibility of escape from buildings and buildings within several hundred meters.

Known aircraft passenger Autonomous rescue capsule containing doorways, seats, Windows, parachute and the automatic braking system that includes the device type winch, where the parachute is connected with cables, the second ends are connected to the winch through a distribution mechanism configured to brake cables to the side of the parachute and transmission side of the winch, rotating drum which selects the cables, causing an increasing speed, and the braking force of the braking parachute and Autonomous section (patent RU №2171209 from 27.07.2001,, 64 D 1/14, 17/78, Gounaridou).

The disadvantage of the top is a technical solution is the possibility of evacuation of people from planes or helicopters.

A device and method for emergency evacuation of people from high-rise constructions, which use the escape capsule containing a parachute, while the escape capsule is placed on the guides in the premises of high-rise buildings (WO 03/041798, 22.03.2003).

The disadvantage of this solution is the impossibility of simultaneous evacuation of large numbers of people.

Technical result achieved during the implementation of the present group of inventions is to develop an effective devices and methods of evacuation groups of people with high-rise structures and buildings.

The technical result is achieved in that the device for emergency evacuation of people from high-rise constructions contains the escape capsule with doors, seats with seat belts and airbags, Windows, angled rails hosting the capsule, the capsule contains the parachute and the automatic braking system, and part of the bottom of the capsule is a plate-anchor, made with the possibility of detaching the capsule and descent on ropes.

Device for emergency evacuation of people from high-rise constructions contains the escape capsule with doors, seats with seat belts and airbags, Windows, angled rails hosting the capsule, the capsule contains a parachute and system samoto is moenia, and part of the bottom of the capsule is a plate-anchor, made with the possibility of detaching the capsule and descent on ropes, the capsule is provided with at least one winch for selection of cables connecting the capsule with a plate-anchor.

Device for emergency evacuation of people from high-rise constructions contains the escape capsule with doors, seats with seat belts and airbags, Windows, angled rails hosting the capsule, the capsule contains the parachute and the automatic braking system, and part of the bottom of the capsule is a plate-anchor, made with the possibility of detaching the capsule and descent on ropes, plate-anchor provided with at least one winch for selection of cables connecting the capsule with a plate-anchor.

The way emergency evacuation of people from high-rise constructions is that the use of emergency capsule containing doorways, seat belts and airbags, window, parachute and the automatic braking system, emergency capsule is placed on the guides in the premises of high-rise constructions, part of the bottom evacuation capsules are in the form of a plate-anchor, lowered on ropes after its separation from the capsule, during the evacuation of the open doorways, place people in evacuation capsule, close the doors, push the outside rails free way out evacuation of the capsule, remove the capsule from guides, remove the parachute, to separate the plate-anchor, include automatic braking system, land evacuation capsule, open doorways and driven people.

The way emergency evacuation of people from high-rise constructions is that the use of emergency capsule containing doorways, seat belts and airbags, window, parachute and the automatic braking system, emergency capsule is placed on the guides in the premises of high-rise constructions, part of the bottom evacuation capsules are in the form of a plate-anchor, lowered on ropes after its separation from the capsule, the capsule supply, at least one winch for selection of cables connecting the capsule with a plate-anchor, during the evacuation of the open doorways, place people in evacuation capsule, close the doorways, push out guides, free way out evacuation of the capsule, remove the capsule from guides, remove the parachute, to separate the plate-anchor, carry out sample rope winches, pulling the capsule to the plate-anchor, include automatic braking system, land evacuation capsule, open doorways and driven people.

The way emergency evacuation of people from the observation deck of the TV is ashni is they use the escape capsule containing doorways, seat belts and airbags, window, parachute and the automatic braking system, emergency capsule is placed in vertical guides on the lookout under evacuation capsule is placed a sliding floor, the vertical guides are placed at an angle, part of the bottom evacuation capsules are in the form of a plate-anchor, lowered on ropes after its separation from the capsule, the capsule supply, at least one winch for selection of cables connecting the capsule with a plate-anchor, during the evacuation of the open doorways, place people in evacuation capsule, close the door openings, pushing the sliding floor, take the escape capsule on rails, remove the parachute, to separate the plate-anchor, carry out sample rope winches, pulling the capsule to the plate-anchor, include automatic braking system, land evacuation capsule, open doorways and driven people.

The way emergency evacuation of people from high-rise constructions is that the use of emergency capsule, mounted on the guide cables connecting the high-rise building with a ground location, and on the guides in the premises of high-rise buildings, according to the invention evacuation capsule contains doorways, Sydney is with belts and airbags, open, parachute and braking system, floor evacuation of the capsule has an adjustable angle of inclination, and guides the cable through the casing of the capsule along its walls, when the evacuation of the open doorways, place people in evacuation capsule, close doors, push out guides, free way out evacuation of the capsule, remove the capsule from guides and ropes to the outside, remove the parachute include locking, lowered on ropes evacuation capsule in the ground structure, open doorways and driven people.

The way emergency evacuation of people from high-rise constructions is that the use of emergency capsule, mounted on the guide cables connecting the high-rise structure with the neighboring high-rise building, and on the guides in the premises of high-rise buildings, according to the invention evacuation capsule contains doorways, seat belts and airbags, window, parachute and braking system, floor evacuation of the capsule has an adjustable angle of inclination, and guides the cable through the casing of the capsule along its walls, when the evacuation of the open doorways, place people in evacuation capsule, close doors, push out the guides out of the way following out evacua the ion capsules, take the capsule on rails and ropes to the outside, remove the parachute include locking, lowered on ropes evacuation capsule in the premises of the nearby high-rise buildings, open doorways and driven people.

Device for evacuation from high-rise structures contains the escape capsule, mounted on the guide cables connecting the high-rise building with a ground location. The device contains fixed on the guide cables, air hose connected at one end with the escape capsule, and the other end with the fan, at which the nomination capsules by filling the air, sleeves, while the escape capsule, air hose and a fan placed in the ground structure, the capsule is equipped with a parachute and automatic braking system.

The way emergency evacuation of people from high-rise constructions is that the use of emergency capsule containing doorways, seat belts and airbags, window, parachute and the automatic braking system and mounted on the guide cables connecting the high-rise building with a ground location, mounted on the guide cables, air hose connected at one end with the escape capsule, and the other end with a fan, evacuation CBSA is Lu, air hose and the fan post in ground construction, evacuation capsule supply chute and the automatic braking system, when the evacuation include fan, fill the air sleeve, pulling up the ropes evacuation capsule, join the escape capsule with a high-rise building, secure the evacuation capsule safety cables for high-rise construction, open doorways, place people in evacuation capsule, close the doors, regulate the release of air from the sleeve, poison safety ropes, bring the parachute down on guide ropes evacuation capsule in the ground structure, open doorways and driven people.

Figure 1-6 shows a diagram of one embodiment of an emergency evacuation from high-rise buildings using the escape capsule.

7-8 shows a diagram of an emergency evacuation from the observation deck of the tower.

Figure 9 shows a diagram of an emergency evacuation from high-rise buildings using the escape capsule on the guide ropes.

Figure 10 shows a diagram of an emergency evacuation evacuation capsules from one tall building to another high-rise structure.

Figure 11 shows a diagram of an emergency evacuation from high-rise buildings using the escape capsule, placed in the nazem what Ohm the room.

Total for the proposed devices and methods of evacuation is the presence of the escape capsule (EC), provided with doorways, seats with seat belts and airbags, Windows, parachute, with the possibility of forced output and automatic braking system.

Evacuation capsule 1 to be used for evacuation from high-rise buildings, contains doorways, seat belts and airbags, window, parachute and automatic braking system. EK 1 is located on the sliding rails 2 in a special room 3 high-rise buildings 4 (figure 1), and part of the bottom of the EK 1 is a so-called plate-anchor 5 is lowered on ropes 6 after its separation from the capsule. Plate-anchor 5 is used to increase the stability of the capsule 1 during its descent, and also promotes more rapid landing and to reduce the probability of collision with other high-rise structures. In EQ 1 can be placed, at least one device type winches for sample 6 cables connecting the capsule 1 with plate-anchor 5. Winch to fetch ropes 6 can be accommodated in the plate-anchor 5. Winch, depending on the actuator may be electric, turbine, internal combustion engine to run on compressed air and other EC 1 is equipped with its on-Board computer, which regulates the stages of evacuation.

For the evacuation of people from the viewpoints TV towers provides the following method of evacuation. The specifics of the location of the observation deck 8 at the TV tower 9 allows you to display evacuation capsule 10 in the direction of "down", in contrast to the method of evacuation in the usual construction, the hen evacuation capsule 1 (2) deduce the direction of in the direction of".

Design EC 10 similar design EK 1 and contains doorways, seat belts and airbags, window, parachute, automatic braking system and the computer that regulates the stages of evacuation. EC 10 can have sex with adjustable angle of inclination. EC 10 is placed on the vertical rails 11 in a special chamber 12 under observation deck 8 TV tower 9. Vertical guides 11 are arranged at an angle to the conventional vertical axis of the tower 9 to output capsules 10 at the greatest distance from the TV tower 9 and the safe output and the chute opening 14. In the lower part of the body lookout 8 is a sliding floor 13 (Fig.7). Evacuation capsule 10 can be placed directly on the lookout 8.

Consider one of the options for evacuation. In the event of an emergency, fire or terrorist attack is a concern, and people are held in a special room 12 observation deck 8. Access to EC 10 opens, people come in evacuation capsule and take up space. Next, close the doorways of the capsule 10. Then release all the way out the capsule 10, extendible sliding floor 13, and EK 10 along the guide rails 11 at an angle out. As soon as EK 10 out away from the tower on the required for the safe conclusion of the parachute distance, pocomania computer capsule 10 force (mini-missiles) output chute 14, this was the beginning of a soft landing (Fig). Then from the capsule is separated plate-anchor 15. Upon reaching earth plate-anchor included winch who choose cable, thereby pulling the capsule to the plate-anchor. Before the landing EK 10 is known, the automatic braking system. The capsule 10 is landing, open doorways, and people go outside.

For evacuation from high-rise buildings where the accident has shut off the power supply, provides the following method of evacuation.

The design of the evacuation of the capsule 16 is similar to the design of EC 1 and contains doorways, seat belts and airbags, window, parachute, automatic braking system and the computer that regulates the stages of evacuation. EK 16 can have sex with adjustable angle of inclination. EK 16 is placed on the guides 17 in a special room 18 high-rise buildings 19. Capsule 16 with at least two cable guides 20 are connected with the ground location 21. The guide wires 20 pass through the casing of the capsule 16 along its wall (Fig.9).

Consider one of the options for evacuation. In the event of an emergency, fire or terrorist attack in the building alarm is declared, and people go to a special area 18. Access to EC 16 opens, people come in evacuation capsule and take up space. Next, by closing the Ute doorways capsules 16. Then release all the way out the capsule 16, and EK 16 along the guides out and under the action of gravity descends along the guide ropes. As soon as EK 16 is brought out by the team on-Board computer of the capsule 16 is forced (with the help of mini-missiles) displays the chute 22, the phase soft landing (Fig.9). Before the landing EK 16 is known, the automatic braking system. The capsule 16 is landing ground in the space 21. Next, open up doorways EK 16, and the people come out.

For the evacuation of people with very high structures (e.g., skyscrapers) provides the following method of evacuation. The specificity is very high structures is that during the evacuation of the last floors in case of emergency capsule, mounted on the guide ropes, aimed at the ground location (as described in the previous method), the actual ground location should be far enough away from buildings, or the angle of descent will be unsafe. While high density of tall buildings would be inefficient to have land areas, after the evacuation must descend evacuation capsules, at a great distance. In addition, the guide wires can interfere with other structures or objects naselennogo. For such cases, we propose the following method of evacuation.

The design of the evacuation of the capsule 23 is similar to the design of EC 1 and contains doorways, seat belts and airbags, window, parachute, automatic braking system and the computer that regulates the stages of evacuation. EC 23 can have sex with adjustable angle of inclination. EC 23 have on the guides 24 in a special room 25 high-rise buildings 26. Capsule 23 with at least two cable guides 27 are connected with a special space 28 adjacent high-rise structures 29 (figure 10). Guide cables 27 can pass through the lining of the capsule 23 along its walls. This is done to ensure that the cables do not interfere with the output chute 30 EC 23. The placement of so-called "reception point" - a special room 28 in the adjacent high-rise structure 29 can significantly reduce the angle of descent evacuation of the capsule 23, which will increase the efficiency of rescue of people with very high structures. Special room 28 may be located on the roof of high-rise buildings 29 and directly inside a high-rise structure 29.

Consider one of the options for evacuation. In the event of an emergency, fire or terrorist attack in the building alarm is declared, and people go to a special high-rise apartments of 25. the 26. Access to EC 23 opens, people come in evacuation capsule 23 and take up space. Next, close the doorways of the capsule 23. Then release all the way out the capsule 23 and EC along the guides 23 is output to the outside and under the action of gravity descends along the guide ropes. As soon as EK 23 is brought out by the team on-Board computer of the capsule 23 is forcibly displayed chute 30 (figure 10). This reduces the speed of movement of the capsule 23 in the direction of the special space 28 adjacent high-rise buildings 29. If necessary, adjust the angle of the floor of the capsule 23. Just before entering EQ 23 into a special chamber 28 adjacent high-rise structures 29 in the capsule 23 is a well-known system of automatic braking. Capsule 23 "lands" in a special room 28. Next, open up doorways EC on 23, and people go outside.

For evacuation from high-rise buildings, in which there is no possibility to place a special room with the escape capsule provides the following method of evacuation.

Evacuation capsule 31 is similar to the design of EC 1 and contains doorways, seat belts and airbags, window, parachute, automatic braking system and the computer that regulates the stages of evacuation. Due to the fact that EC 31 when evacuation is at an angle to the horizontal at which ernesti, floor 39 is made with adjustable angle of inclination. This will allow people to conveniently take place, which will increase the efficiency of the process of evacuation. EC 31 are in a special ground space 32 located at a certain distance from a high-rise structure 33. Capsule 31 through cable guides 34 is connected to a high-rise building 33. Guide wires 34 pass through the casing of the capsule 31 along its walls. By special ground facilities to evacuation capsule 31 is pushed all the so-called air sleeve 35 fixed, as the capsule 31, the guide wire 34. On the other hand air sleeve 35 fits snugly to the powerful fan 36 in the terrestrial location 32 (11). Air sleeve 35 is an "accordion" of sturdy material (e.g., Kevlar), which is able to withstand heavy loads.

Consider one of the options for evacuation. In the event of an emergency, fire or terrorist attack in building 33 declares anxiety, and people go to a special location 37 high-rise buildings 33. At the same time in a special ground space 32 includes a fan 36. The action of the air sleeve 35 is gradually filled, stretched in length and nominate EC 31 upward along the guide ropes 34. As soon as EK 31 reaches a high-rise construction 3, EC 31 attach safety cables 38 to the high-rise building 33. Doorways EC 31 and a special room 37 is opened, people come in evacuation capsule 31 and take up space. Next door openings closed. Regulating the release of the air sleeve 35, the herb safety ropes 38, EC 31 on the guide cables 34 slowly lower back to the special land space 32. In the case of emergencies during the descent EC 31 open the parachute and include locking capsule. Once the capsule 31 included in the terrestrial space 32, open doorways EK 31, and the people come out.

1. Device for emergency evacuation of people with high-rise buildings containing the escape capsule with a parachute, angled rails hosting capsule, characterized in that the escape capsule is made with doors, seats with seat belts and airbags, Windows capsule contains the automatic braking system, and part of the bottom of the capsule is a plate-anchor, made with the possibility of detaching the capsule and descent on ropes.

2. Device for emergency evacuation of people with high-rise buildings containing the escape capsule with a parachute, angled rails hosting capsule, characterized in that Mac is sure the capsule is made with doorways, seats with seat belts and airbags, Windows capsule contains the automatic braking system, and part of the bottom of the capsule is a plate-anchor, made with the possibility of detaching the capsule and descent on ropes, while the capsule is equipped with at least one winch for selection of cables connecting the capsule with a plate-anchor.

3. Device for emergency evacuation of people with high-rise buildings containing the escape capsule with a parachute, angled rails hosting capsule, characterized in that the escape capsule is made with doors, seats with seat belts and airbags, Windows capsule contains the automatic braking system, and part of the bottom of the capsule is a plate-anchor, made with the possibility of detaching the capsule and descent on ropes, plate-anchor provided with at least one winch for selection of cables connecting the capsule with a plate-anchor.

4. The way emergency evacuation of people from high-rise constructions, which use the escape capsule containing a parachute, emergency capsule is placed on the guides in the premises of high-rise constructions, characterized in that the evacuation capsule contains doorways, seat belts and airbags, box, capsule contains the automatic braking system, the part of the poor evacuation capsules are in the form of a plate-anchor, lowered on ropes after its separation from the capsule, during the evacuation of the open doorways, place people in evacuation capsule, close doors, push out guides, free way out evacuation of the capsule, remove the capsule from guides, remove the parachute, to separate the plate-anchor, include automatic braking system, land evacuation capsule, open doorways and driven people.

5. The way emergency evacuation of people from high-rise constructions, which use the escape capsule containing a parachute, emergency capsule is placed on the guides in the premises of high-rise constructions, characterized in that the evacuation capsule contains doorways, seat belts and airbags, box, capsule contains the automatic braking system, part of the bottom evacuation capsules are in the form of a plate-anchor, lowered on ropes after its separation from the capsule, the capsule supply, at least one winch for selection of cables connecting the capsule with a plate-anchor, during the evacuation of the open doorways, place people in evacuation capsule, close doors, push out guides, free way out evacuation of the capsule, remove the capsule from guides, remove the parachute, to separate the plate-anchor, carried Aut sample rope winches, pulling the capsule to the plate-anchor, include automatic braking system, land evacuation capsule, open doorways and driven people.

6. The way emergency evacuation of people from the observation deck of the TV tower, which consists in the fact that they use the escape capsule containing doorways, seat belts and airbags, window, parachute and the automatic braking system, emergency capsule is placed in vertical guides on the lookout under evacuation capsule is placed a sliding floor, the vertical guides are placed at an angle, part of the bottom evacuation capsules are in the form of a plate-anchor, lowered on ropes after its separation from the capsule, the capsule supply, at least one winch for selection of cables connecting the capsule with a plate-anchor, during the evacuation of the open doorways, place people in evacuation capsule, close the doors, pushing the sliding floor, take the escape capsule on rails, remove the parachute, to separate the plate-anchor, carry out sample rope winches, pulling the capsule to the plate-anchor, include automatic braking system, land evacuation capsule, open doorways and driven people.

7. The way emergency evacuation of people from high-rise constructions, which use evacuat the district capsule, mounted on the guide cables connecting the high-rise building with a ground location, and on the guides in the premises of high-rise constructions, characterized in that the evacuation capsule contains doorways, seat belts and airbags, window, parachute and braking system, floor evacuation of the capsule has an adjustable angle of inclination, and guides the cable through the casing of the capsule along its walls, when the evacuation of the open doorways, place people in evacuation capsule, close doors, push out guides, free way out evacuation of the capsule, remove the capsule from guides and ropes to the outside, remove parachute include locking, lowered on ropes evacuation capsule in the ground structure, open doorways and driven people.

8. The way emergency evacuation of people from high-rise constructions, which use the escape capsule, mounted on the guide cables connecting the high-rise structure with the neighboring high-rise building, and on the guides in the premises of high-rise constructions, characterized in that the evacuation capsule contains doorways, seat belts and airbags, window, parachute and braking system, floor evacuation of the capsule has an adjustable angle of inclination, and upravljajushhie cable pass through the casing of the capsule along its walls, during the evacuation of the open doorways, place people in evacuation capsule, close doors, push out guides, free way out evacuation of the capsule, remove the capsule from guides and ropes to the outside, remove the parachute include locking, lowered on ropes evacuation capsule in the premises of the nearby high-rise buildings, open doorways and driven people.

9. Device for emergency evacuation of people with high-rise buildings containing the escape capsule, mounted on the guide cables connecting the high-rise building with a ground location, characterized in that the device comprises fixed on the guide cables, air hose connected at one end with the escape capsule, and the other end to the fan, at which the nomination capsules by filling the air, sleeves, while the escape capsule, air hose and a fan placed in the ground structure, the capsule is equipped with a parachute and automatic braking system.

10. The way emergency evacuation of people from high-rise constructions, which use the escape capsule, mounted on the guide cables connecting the high-rise building with a ground location, characterized in that the evacuation capsule with the holding doorways, seat belts and airbags, window, parachute and the automatic braking system mounted on the guide cables, air hose connected at one end with the escape capsule, and the other end - with fan, evacuation capsule, air hose and a fan placed in the ground the location, during the evacuation include fan, fill the air sleeve, pulling up the ropes evacuation capsule, join the escape capsule with a high-rise building, secure the evacuation capsule safety cables for high-rise construction, open doorways, place people in evacuation capsule, close the doors, regulate the release of air from sleeves, poison safety ropes, bring the parachute down on guide ropes evacuation capsule in the terrestrial room, open doorways and driven people.



 

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2 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: rescue equipment, in particular, apparatus for urgent descending of people in extreme situations.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has carrier casing with member for connecting to individual to be descended, power-type descending speed regulator comprising power block embraced with cable, rotary lever and sliding friction member. Carrier casing is made in the form of semi-circle adapted for arrangement in vertical plane and is equipped with slots for passage of cable through cavities thereof, and handle. Power block embraced with cable is rigidly fixed on rotary lever positioned for angular displacement relative to axis, arrangement along generatrix of cylindrical surface of carrier casing, and is equipped with self-braking screw-type descending mechanism. Descending mechanism has power screw with flywheel positioned at one end and semi-spherical member arranged at other end of power screw for contacting with semi-spherical receptacle at end of rotary lever, and threaded opening made in carrier casing wall and extending perpendicular to descending direction.

EFFECT: simplified construction and increased safety of descending of individual.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: rescue equipment for helicopter cargo hoisting system.

SUBSTANCE: proposed rescue system includes cylindrical container, container retainers mounted on helicopter, winch and communication facilities for rescuers. Container has doorway and swivel panels with cone-shaped members at the ends. Rope of winch is secured to top of cone-shaped member of container. Container is provided with ballast weight mounted on side opposite to doorway. Helicopter is provided with instrument for measuring the mass and sensor engageable with winch rope; indicator of mass measuring device is mounted in pilot cabin. Rescue system is provided with rope cutter for release of container in an emergency.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability due to control of loading the container.

2 cl, 5 dwg

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