Facing structure for room finishing with cladding panels having movable joints and building member set for facing structure

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises parallel carrying profiles each formed of metal or polymeric material by extrusion operation or by sheet material bending. Each profile has hollow post. Orifices to connect carrying profiles to bearing structure are formed in carrying profile base. The carrying profile base also has clamp. Opposite side of the base is defined by partitions having free ends creating gap along carrying profile of the second post. Partitions are located between carrying profile posts and extend transversely to the posts. The partitions are made as posts of carrying profile having H-shaped cross-section and located between the posts. Posts of H-shaped carrying profile are defined by flanges and post of thrust profiles having U-shaped cross sections connecting the flanges. The thrust profiles face cladding panels by opened cavities thereof. Free end of each flange defined by thrust profile cross-section is bent inside the cavity so that acute angle is created in-between. Extensions of longitudinal mounting profile ridges are arranged between trust profile bends. The mounting profile has longitudinal extensions. Mounting profile strip touches free end of each mounting profile flange at bends. Longitudinal extension of face side ribs are directed one towards another. Adjacent cladding panels create cladding panel fixing profile at joint between grooves thereof in which longitudinal mounting profile rib extension are inserted.

EFFECT: simplified facing structure, increased manufacturability, reduced labor inputs for facing structure assemblage, prevention of panels to be connected misalignment.

10 cl, 9 dwg

 

Inventions are a group of inventions covered by a single inventive concept, and generally relate to the field of construction and reconstruction or repair of buildings and structures with the use of building structures, designed for complex works to facing surfaces of buildings, as the walls and ceiling mounted, including suspension, panels, mostly decorative or functional, for example, heat or sound insulating, material with layers, providing protection from electromagnetic waves, or in the form of fence openings in the outer wall or the inner wall.

Known cladding the building, adopted as the closest to the proposed technical solution and containing a carrier profile that is attached to the supporting structure by means of adjustable connections with the screw elements and paired with a decorative hinged panels (RU # 2215853 S2, 2003).

Known facework, as well as its individual nodes rather difficult to manufacture, require special equipment for the manufacture of complex cross-section profiles, and do not allow the adjustment of the position of the panels facing in a wide range, which increases the complexity of installation works, requires prior neodeck atoi alignment position of each component element, that does not completely eliminate the formation of distortions of the mating surfaces and to reduce the gaps between them.

The technical result of the present invention is the ability to simplify the design of the lining, improve manufacturability, reduce the complexity of its installation by reducing the number viverone operations while ensuring a snug fit and eliminate biases the mating surfaces of the panels facing in a vertical, horizontal or inclined facing surfaces.

This is achieved by the fact that the facework premises hinged panels includes parallel spaced load-bearing profiles of H-shaped cross-section, each of which is made by extrusion of metal or of a polymeric material, or by a flexible sheet metal, one of the racks which are grounds attached to the supporting structure, preferably to a wall or slab, made in cross-section of a hollow - in plain boxes, which are made, or perform installation, holes for mounting screw connection to a supporting structure and which is located with the possibility of longitudinal movement and fixation head with screw connection, mounting bracket, and the opposite wall of the duct formed ori is sterowanie towards each other by the limb side walls, located adjacent to, preferably mutually parallel, with a gap relative to each jumper, loose ends are bent in opposite directions and are parallel or with a bias to the base and form a gap along the length of the load bearing profile of the second rack, and between the posts bearing profiles are preferably perpendicular to them, jumper, made in the form are placed with their ends between the legs of bracket profile H-shaped cross-section formed shelves and connecting them stand U-shaped in cross-section of the spacer profile, facing an open cavity to hinged panels, and the cross section of the free end of each shelf spacer profile the same distance from its rack bent inside the cavity spacer profile with the formation of the limb acute angle, and between the edges of the limb spacer profile are stored in the cavity spacer profile and in contact with the projections of the longitudinal ridges of the mounting profile made in the form of an extruded profile strip shape with pairs of longitudinal ridges with longitudinal projections on the facing cavity spacer profile back and on the front of its surfaces, with longitudinal ridges on the wound into the cavity spacer profile ridges are located on the outside is Oh, and longitudinal projections of the ridges of the front side routine to be accomplished by broadening deep into the grooves of adjacent hinged panels. When this strip mounting profile is in contact with the free end of each shelf mounting profile in place of the limb and preferably elastically pojate to them. In addition, the longitudinal projections of the ridges of the front side oriented toward each other, and the adjacent hinged panels in the joint place in the area between their grooves, which opened in the longitudinal projections of the ridges of the mounting profile form in cross-section profile, the locking position of hinged panels, preferably dovetail.

And also:

- performing the mounting bracket for the above cladding premises hinged panels in the form of a plate with flanging along a pair of opposite edges and formed along the Central axis parallel to the flanging slot the width of which does not exceed the diameter is placed under her head with screw connection, with the free ends of the plate from the slot deflected at an angle, preferably an acute, in the direction of the respective flanging with the formation of the lugs for engagement with the inner surface of the box rack, and the opposite end of the plate is made with a concave surface for engagement with the tool, moving the bracket in the project is ulozhenie. The distance between the outer surfaces of the flanging is equal to the distance between the walls of the open box rack, in which place the bracket;

- execution of the load bearing profile for facing areas of cladding panels, having H-shaped cross section, formed by two uprights and connecting ridges, and is made by extrusion of metal or of a polymeric material, or by a flexible sheet metal, one of the racks which are grounds attached to the supporting structure, preferably to a wall or slab, made in cross-section of a hollow - in plain boxes, which are made or performed with mounting holes for mounting screw connection to a supporting structure and in which place with the possibility of longitudinal movement and fixation head with screw connection, mounting bracket, and the opposite wall of the duct formed oriented toward each other on the limb side walls adjacent to the located, preferably mutually parallel, with a gap relative to each jumper, loose ends are bent in opposite directions and are parallel or with a bias to the base and form a gap along the length of the load bearing profile of the second post;

- implementation of the spacer profile P-clicks the EIT in cross section and facing an open cavity to hinged panels, moreover, in the cross section of the free end of each shelf spacer profile at the same distance from its rack bent inside the cavity spacer profile with the formation of the limb acute angle;

the installation profile for facing areas of cladding panels in the form of an extruded profile strip shape with pairs of longitudinal ridges with longitudinal projections on the facing cavity spacer profile back and on the front of its surfaces, with longitudinal tabs on exciting the cavity spacer profile ridges are located with their outer sides, and longitudinal projections of the ridges of the front side have a form, providing them sticking on the institution to be accomplished by broadening deep into the panel grooves adjacent hinged panels;

- implementation of the hinged panel for facing a plate of foamed PVC, preferably of rectangular shape with grooves for longitudinal ridges ridges of the mounting profile. While the grooves hinged panel is placed with its inner side along the ends of the panels with the formation in cross section with attached adjacent panel profile, preferably dovetail fixing the position of hinged panels and providing when connecting their contraction.

The invention illustrated by the drawings, where

- in figure 1, not only is n General view facing premises mounted on his wall panels,

- figure 2 shows a diagram of the mounting bearing profiles to the wall of the room and the location between jumpers in the form of spacer profiles

- figure 3 presents a top view of the mounting bracket that is movably accommodated in the open box rack bracket profile,

- figure 4 is a top view of the structural attachment of the bearing and spacer profiles

- figure 5 presents profile H-shaped cross-section (cross-section),

- figure 6 presents the cross-section of the mounting profile, through which directly the mounting of hinged panels,

- figure 7 is a cross-section of the spacer profile, which is used for fastening of the mounting profile

on Fig shows a diagram of the mounting of the spacer profile to profile and mounting of hinged panels in place of their junction to the mounting profile

- figure 9 presents a plot collected in the lining of the hinged panels.

The building cladding is hinged panels 1 (Fig 1) in the form of plates (Fig, 9) of a porous polymeric material, for example of foamed PVC. The front surface of the panel 1 may be of several types: embossed, smooth, painted, decorated with a special film, simulating various breeds of a tree, or a fantasy figure, i.e. the panel with a thickness of 3-10 mm p is establet a complete surface finishing, does not require additional clearance. On the panel without decorative coatings if desired, you can hang Wallpaper, textiles, paint and silk-screen printing. To perform the tiling on the wall 2 (or other bearing surface) parallel to have a bearing hollow profiles 3 H-shaped cross-section. Each of the supporting profile 3 can be made by extrusion of metal or of a polymeric material, and by a flexible sheet, preferably of galvanized metal. One of the racks 4 carrying profile 3, which is the base attached to the supporting structure, preferably to the wall 2 or slab made in the cross-section of a hollow in the form of an open box 5. At the base of the box 5 is made, or perform installation, holes for mounting screw connection 6 to the supporting structure. As screw connections 6 can be used screws, screw anchors 7 installed in formed in the wall 2 holes. In the box 5 is placed with the possibility of longitudinal movement and fixation of the head of the screw connection 6 mounting bracket 8. The opposite wall of the box 5 is formed oriented towards each other to the longitudinal axis of the profile 3 of the limb 9 of the side walls of the box 5. Limb 9 located adjacent to, preferably mutually parallel with a gap relative to each jumper 10 (which is their continued), and the free ends 11 of the jumper 10 bent in opposite directions (figure 5) and are parallel or with a bias to the base and form a gap along the length of the support profile 3 second rack 12. Between the posts supporting profiles 3 installed, preferably perpendicularly to them, jumpers 13, made in the form are placed with their ends between the posts 4 and 12 formed shelves 14 and connecting them stand 15 of the U-shaped cross-section (7) of the spacer profile, facing an open cavity to hinged panels 1. In the cross section of the free end 16 of each shelf spacer profile at the same distance from its rack bent inside the cavity spacer profile with the formation of the limb acute angle α. Between the edges of the limb spacer profile are stored in the cavity spacer profile and in contact with the protrusions 17 of the longitudinal ridges of the mounting profile 18 (6), made in the form of extruded profile in the form of a strip 19 with pairs of longitudinal ridges with longitudinal protrusions 17 and 20 respectively facing the cavity spacer profile back and on the face surfaces. The longitudinal protrusions 17 on wound into cavity spacer profile ridges are located with their outer side, and a longitudinal projections 20 of the ridges of the front side routine to be accomplished by broadening deep into the grooves 21 is Minich hinged panels 1. The strip 19 of the mounting profile contact (Fig) with the free end of each shelf mounting profile 18 in place of its contour and elasticity of the connection pojate to them. Longitudinal projections 20 of the ridges of the front side oriented towards each other (Fig.6). Adjacent hinged panels 1 at the interface (Fig and 9) on the land between the grooves 21, which opened in the longitudinal protrusions 20 of the ridges of the mounting profile form in cross-section profile, preferably dovetail fixing the position of hinged panels 1. Mounting bracket 8 is made in the form of a plate with flanging 22 along a pair of its opposite edges, oriented along the support profile 3. Along the Central axis of the bracket 8 parallel to the flanging formed by the slot 23, the width of which does not exceed the diameter is placed under her head with screw connection 6. The free ends of the plate from the slot deflected at an angle, preferably an acute, in the direction of the respective flanging with the formation of the lugs 24 for engagement with the inner surface of the duct 4 hours. Opposite the slot 23 of the end plate is made with a concave surface 25 to communicate with the instrument, moving the bracket 8 in the design position.

Installation of cladding is carried out as follows.

Profile 3, which is designed to align the surface is resti, the correction of the geometry of the room, attached to the wall with screws and dowels, to facilitate this process, it has a perforation (step 700 mm) for wood screws. Mounting bracket 8, moving with some effects in thrust on the screw head position, serves to lock the screw in profile 3, which is rigidly locates the profile 3 as close to the surface (wall, ceiling)and at a distance from it. In guide grooves formed by the ridges 10 and racks profile 3, vraspor between profiles 3 set the jumpers 13 of galvanized steel, which is fixed, "Sasakawa" to ensure a solid connection, mounting profile 18, made of PVC. Thereby perform frame cladding. The technology of the mounting frame using dimensional profile-jumper 13 as conductor practically excludes the operation of the markup, significantly reduces the time of operation, ease of installation, eliminating the use of additional tools, parts and fasteners (ruler, pencil, parts, crimping profiles with each other and with the surface). Hinged panels 1 are designed for surface finishing. The panels are manufactured from a sheet of foamed PVC, obtained by extrusion. After the cutting of the sheet bar in the plane of the trim panels around the perimeter is treated using a high-precision milling equipment is. As a result, the plane of the bleed turns out absolutely straight, right angle between the front plane and the plane of the edge has a sharp peak without chips and rounding. Such processing of the edges of the panels produces a smooth, thin invisible seam, which is formed at the junction of two panels. On the back panel plane at a distance of 5.5 mm from the edge using the same equipment is milled groove 21 in the form of half of the "swallow's tail". In this groove zamalchivaut the tabs of the mounting profile 18.

This process occurs as follows.

The tabs of the mounting profile down under the grooves 21, and then, when pressed by hand on the panel, she snaps at them. However due to the elasticity and the elasticity of the material (foamed PVC) edge of the panel from the groove to the edge -5,5mm - first unbent, then, past the extended part of the tabs, returns to its original state, while holding the panel on the mounting profile. After installation on the second ledge of the mounting profile the next panel, get the castle in the form of "dovetail", located between the two protrusions of one of the mounting profile. This design provides a high degree of strength of attachment of the panels to the frame.

The design and dimensions of the mounting profile 18 is designed in such a way that after installation of two panels on one profile, the fastening elements (in the stupa) profile are in a state of constant voltage, tightly pulling panels together, at the same time pressing them tightly to the plane of the fastening elements of the profile 18. At the junction of the panels eliminates the difference in height, since the panel is made with a calibrated thickness edges, and adjacent panels are joined to one plane.

The result is a perfectly smooth surface, and the junction line of the panels is obtained almost invisible and does not require any additional processing.

The principle of floating joint "LAYER"used in the Assembly of the parts of the framework and cladding panels, consists in the following. When the temperature changes, expanding or shrinking, the panels are able to move horizontally together with the mounting profile along the guide grooves of the bearing, and vertical ˜ due to the sliding groove of the panel fastening member profile-"castle". This prevents the occurrence of cracks at the junction of the panels. The original quality of the finished surface remains intact, without cracks and do not depend on weather and time factors.

The panel (s)attached to the profile, you can move the frame by moving along the guide grooves of the bearing profiles 3, which greatly facilitates the process of finishing the interior. Panels can be disassembled and reused. With frame it is possible to remove one or any other the th number of panels without damage to the rest of the decorated surface.

The ceiling is made using the same set of components and on the same technology as the walls.

1. The building cladding cladding panels, including parallel spaced load-bearing profiles of H-shaped cross-section, each of which is made by extrusion of metal or of a polymeric material, or by a flexible sheet metal, one of the racks which are grounds attached to the supporting structure, preferably to a wall or slab, made in cross-section of a hollow - in plain boxes, which are made, or perform installation, holes for mounting screw connection to a supporting structure and which is located with the possibility of longitudinal movement and fixation of the head of the screw connection mounting bracket and the opposite wall of the duct formed oriented toward each other on the limb side walls adjacent to the located, preferably mutually parallel, with a gap relative to each other jumpers, loose ends are bent in opposite directions and are parallel or with a bias to the base and form a gap along the length of the load bearing profile of the second rack, and between the posts bearing profiles are preferably perpendicular to the m jumper, made in the form are placed with their ends between the legs of bracket profile H-shaped cross-section formed shelves and connecting them stand U-shaped in cross-section of the spacer profile, facing an open cavity to hinged panels, and the cross section of the free end of each shelf spacer profile at the same distance from its rack bent inside the cavity spacer profile with the formation of the limb acute angle, and between the edges of the limb spacer profile are stored in the cavity spacer profile and in contact with the projections of the longitudinal ridges of the mounting profile made in the form of an extruded profile strip shape with pairs of longitudinal crests with longitudinal projections on the facing cavity spacer profile back and on the front of its surfaces, with longitudinal ridges on the wound into the cavity spacer profile ridges are located with their outer sides, and longitudinal projections of the ridges of the front side routine to be accomplished by broadening deep into the grooves of adjacent hinged panels.

2. The building cladding cladding panels according to claim 1, in which the strip mounting profile is in contact with the free end of each shelf mounting profile in place of the limb and preferably elastically pojate to them.

3. The building cladding on the forest panels according to claim 1 or 2, in which the longitudinal projections of the ridges of the front side oriented toward each other, and the adjacent hinged panels in the joint place in the area between their grooves, which opened in the longitudinal projections of the ridges of the mounting profile form in cross-section profile, the locking position of hinged panels, preferably dovetail.

4. Mounting bracket for lining according to claim 1 premises hinged panels, made in the form of a plate with a flanging along a pair of opposite edges and formed along the Central axis parallel to the flanging slot the width of which does not exceed the diameter is placed under her head with screw connection, with the free ends of the plate from the slot deflected at an angle, preferably an acute, in the direction of the respective flanging with the formation of the lugs for engagement with the inner surface of the box rack, and the opposite end of the plate is made with a concave surface for engagement with the tool, moving the bracket in the design position.

5. Mounting bracket according to claim 4, the distance between the outer surfaces of the flanging which is equal to the distance between the walls of the open box rack in which it is placed.

6. Profile for lining according to claim 1 premises hinged panels having H-shaped cross-section images of the TES two enclosures and connecting ridges, and made by extrusion of metal or of a polymeric material, or by a flexible sheet metal, one of the racks which are grounds attached to the supporting structure, preferably to a wall or slab, made in cross-section of a hollow - in plain boxes, which are made or performed with mounting holes for mounting screw connection to a supporting structure and in which place with the possibility of longitudinal movement and fixation of the head of the screw connection, mounting bracket, and the opposite wall of the duct formed oriented toward each other on the limb side walls adjacent to the located, preferably mutually in parallel, with a gap relative to each other jumpers, loose ends are bent in opposite directions and are parallel or with a bias to the base and form a gap along the length of the load bearing profile of the second post.

7. Spacer profile for lining according to claim 1 premises hinged panels made U-shaped in cross section and facing an open cavity to hinged panels, and the cross section of the free end of each shelf spacer profile at the same distance from its rack bent inside the cavity spacer profile with education at the limb of the East is on the corner.

8. Mounting profile for lining according to claim 1 premises hinged panels, made in the form of an extruded profile strip shape with pairs of longitudinal ridges with longitudinal projections on the facing cavity spacer profile back and on the front of its surfaces, with longitudinal tabs on exciting the cavity spacer profile ridges are located with their outer sides, and longitudinal projections of the ridges of the front side have a form, providing them sticking on the institution to be accomplished by broadening deep into the panel grooves adjacent hinged panels.

9. Hinged panel for cladding premises according to claim 1, made in the form of slabs of foamed PVC, preferably of rectangular shape, with grooves for longitudinal ridges ridges of the mounting profile.

10. Hinged panel for cladding premises according to claim 1, grooves which are placed on the inner side of the panel along its ends with the formation in cross section with attached adjacent panel profile, preferably dovetail fixing the position of hinged panels and providing when connecting their contraction.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members, fastening members and a number of support units. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each load-bearing member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Bottom part of load-bearing U-shaped profile is provided with at least three elongated orifices for load-bearing profile connection to support unit and for hanging member connection to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile. Orifices in end plate, hanging member and load-bearing U-shaped profile are similar in shape. Load-bearing U-shaped profile orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing U-shaped profile.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging.

5 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.

14 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.

SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.

EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.

SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.

EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.

4 cl, 3 dwg

The invention relates to the field of construction, namely the construction of multilayer glazing

The invention relates to the field of construction and is intended to improve the thermal performance of building envelopes of residential and public buildings and structures, as well as improve their appearance

The invention relates to the field of construction and is designed for fastening cladding of buildings and structures, including ventilated facades

The invention relates to the construction

The invention relates to the field of construction and can be used to create the outer insulating and protective coatings during construction of new and the renovation of existing buildings and structures, namely for the implementation of the outer insulation with a thin layer of plaster on heater

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.

SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.

EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.

SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.

EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.

14 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members, fastening members and a number of support units. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each load-bearing member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Bottom part of load-bearing U-shaped profile is provided with at least three elongated orifices for load-bearing profile connection to support unit and for hanging member connection to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile. Orifices in end plate, hanging member and load-bearing U-shaped profile are similar in shape. Load-bearing U-shaped profile orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing U-shaped profile.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging.

5 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises parallel carrying profiles each formed of metal or polymeric material by extrusion operation or by sheet material bending. Each profile has hollow post. Orifices to connect carrying profiles to bearing structure are formed in carrying profile base. The carrying profile base also has clamp. Opposite side of the base is defined by partitions having free ends creating gap along carrying profile of the second post. Partitions are located between carrying profile posts and extend transversely to the posts. The partitions are made as posts of carrying profile having H-shaped cross-section and located between the posts. Posts of H-shaped carrying profile are defined by flanges and post of thrust profiles having U-shaped cross sections connecting the flanges. The thrust profiles face cladding panels by opened cavities thereof. Free end of each flange defined by thrust profile cross-section is bent inside the cavity so that acute angle is created in-between. Extensions of longitudinal mounting profile ridges are arranged between trust profile bends. The mounting profile has longitudinal extensions. Mounting profile strip touches free end of each mounting profile flange at bends. Longitudinal extension of face side ribs are directed one towards another. Adjacent cladding panels create cladding panel fixing profile at joint between grooves thereof in which longitudinal mounting profile rib extension are inserted.

EFFECT: simplified facing structure, increased manufacturability, reduced labor inputs for facing structure assemblage, prevention of panels to be connected misalignment.

10 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: support panel has rectangular shape and is provided with four fastening members arranged on inner surface thereof. The fastening members are made as mounting hooks formed so that distance between inner panel surface and hook end L is equal to heat insulation layer thickness H. Horizontal and vertical distances between the hooks correspond to distance between ears connected to load-bearing structure of building.

EFFECT: simplified structure and assembly operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used for external system of heat protection (ventilated facades) and it is intended for forming external wall enclosures with increased thermo-technical characteristics. Method includes preliminary mounting of window modules a t construction site, height of modules doesn't exceed three floors; window modules are built in form of frame carcasses. Window modules are mounted in form of frame carcass of design architectural window opening. Then vertical beacons are mounted later along line of designed joints of wall enclosures, while taking compensation spaces in mentioned joints into account, and along line of side slopes of designed window openings. Openings disposed in relation to vertical beacons are marked and drilled in coverings for making fixing units; fixing units are mounted in pairs and tied together preliminary by threaded pins through openings in support paws of units and openings in coverings. Pullout console are removed outside contours of coverings. Separate posts and window modules are mounted in fixing units due to bringing openings in embrace fork of fixing unit with corresponding oval openings at ends of separate posts and posts of window modules and they are fastened by threaded connection. Compensation spaces are provided at edges of posts at level of coverings b subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift. Plane of façade is graded due to subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift at direction being perpendicular to plane of façade. Designed joints of wall enclosures and side slopes of designed architectural window openings relatively vertical beacons are checked through horizontal shift of separate posts and window modules. Fixing units are coupled finally by means of thread pins through additional fixing openings inside their carrier consoles and through preliminary drilled openings in coverings. Horizontal beacons are installed on line of top and low slides of designed architectural window openings. Reliability of horizontal tying of window openings is inspected due to sifting horizontal cross stapling along posts of window modules. Window units are installed inside designed architectural window openings and inter-level wall enclosures are formed by fixing sandwich-type panels to back sides of separate posts and posts of window modules due to L-shaped fixing elements and self-tapping screws. Then inter-level gaps among wall enclosures are made habitable to winter due to fixing warm-keeping stuff by plate dowels to coverings at side of faced; then members for fixing facing are mounted. Device for realization of the method is also described.

EFFECT: quicker mounting and dismounting of wall enclosures; higher efficiency of warming.

7 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly for tile laying on wall enclosures, namely on vented facades, to create relief architecture compositions (architectural orders) arranged in single plane.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises the first facing tile set including tiles having flat interior surfaces, which define common facade plane. Facing structure includes horizontal profiles fastened to vertical ones and connection members, which are secured to vertical profiles and provide visible or concealed facing tile connection. The connection members fix upper, lower tile parts or two adjacent tiles. Facing structure also comprises support flanges of tile edge fastening members. Tile edge fastening members adapted for concealed tile fastening are to be inserted in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The facing structure additionally has arch module projecting out of common building facade plane. The arch module is preliminarily assembled at building site and retained over arch formed in building wall by means of anchoring bolts passing through orifices of the supports. The facing structure also has the second tile set including tiles projecting out of common facade plane and having different cross-sections. Edges of the second tiles are supported by support flanges, which provide visible or concealed tile connection and have similar grooves adapted to receive wings of fastening members for concealed tile fastening. Arch module including facing tiles, connection members for visible or concealed tile connection, which secure lower tile parts and two adjacent tiles, and support flanges for tile edge fixation. The support flanges, which provide concealed tile fastening pass in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The arch module is made as frame including holders with box-like cross-sections and connected one with another by means of stiffening components. The holders have support for holder connection to wall. At least two members to secure lower tile parts and at least one member to retain two adjacent tiles are fastened to facial holder sides and define pockets for radially formed tiles receiving made in exterior frame part between the holders. Members for lower tile part fixation extend along longitudinal holder axes. Members for simultaneous fastening of two adjacent tiles are transversal to longitudinal holder axes.

EFFECT: possibility to change appearance of buildings including ones having arch openings.

5 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly coverings or linings, for instance, for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: composite bracket comprises holder connected to building wall and provided with longitudinal guiders. The holder is adapted to fix reinforcing member from building wall side. The reinforcing member is made as box with flanges having rounded ends and extending vertically upwards and downwards with respect to the holder. Oval orifices are made in upper and lower parts of box wall. Oval orifices have major axes extending in horizontal plane. Box is provided with sub-stamping located in area of box joining with holder. The sub-stamping extends for holder end wall thickness and provides close fitting of outer box wall and outer holder end surface to building wall.

EFFECT: increased strength, reliability, air-tightness and rigidity of hanged panel connection to building wall.

4 dwg

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