Facade facing panel fastening set and facade assemblage method

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members, fastening members and a number of support units. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each load-bearing member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Bottom part of load-bearing U-shaped profile is provided with at least three elongated orifices for load-bearing profile connection to support unit and for hanging member connection to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile. Orifices in end plate, hanging member and load-bearing U-shaped profile are similar in shape. Load-bearing U-shaped profile orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing U-shaped profile.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging.

5 cl, 8 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of industrial and civil construction, namely, devices for fastening cladding panels used to protect walls from climatic and atmospheric influences and give them an aesthetic properties.

Known kit facade suspension containing brackets, made in the form of unequal rectangular area, on the short shelf of which there are holes for mounting to a wall, and on a long shelf in the process of installation is attached a transition element, equipped with a mechanical surface for the suspension of the fastening elements facing (RF patent No. 2146323, publ. 10.03.2000, MKI E 04 F 13/00, 13/08, 13/12).

Known technical solution at a sufficiently simple design is economically disadvantageous cross-sectional shape of the shelves unequal rectangular area with the lowest moment of resistance to bending in the plane of the long shelves that determines the high metal structure and the cost of the product. Mounting bracket requires the use of additional process equipment and carrying out additional process steps to finalize the mounted parts, which reduces the rate of installation and increases the cost of the work.

The closest technical solution regarding mount kit for FA is adnych facing panels is a device for fastening cladding panels, containing the reference node in the form of a stationary bracket with the reference area, inside of which is mounted a movable insert, end surface, and bearing profile (rail), with hinged elements (kljamery) for fastening cladding panels, mounted on the end surface of the insertion (the prospectus of the company "DIAT", Ventilated facades systems DIAT, 2001).

However, the known technical solution at a sufficiently high technical and operational characteristics has increased the intensity and cost of manufacture defined low bearing properties open paths cross sections, load-bearing structural elements. The installation design requires the use of the original build tools reference nodes, and the connection to other structural elements between the insert and the supporting profile (guides), the supporting profile and hinged elements (kljamery) for fastening cladding panels - requires installation of additional technological operations on finalization of parts to be assembled, which reduces the rate of installation and increases the cost of the work as a whole.

The known method of fastening a facade cladding panels, including wall of the fixed element reference node, anchoring on the end surface of the reference node P is about asnago cross-section of the load bearing profile and hinged elements on the host profile through which fix the front panel (the prospectus of the company "DIAT", Ventilated facades systems DIAT, 2001).

The basis of the invention is to develop a kit for attaching the facing panels and the method of installation of facade cladding boards, which will increase the carrying capacity of the kit to use as a facing any panel material without substantial completion of a design, reduce the complexity and cost of installation of the nodes in the set and cladding panels by reducing technological operations to finalize the details in the editing process, to increase the adjustment range mounting of facing panels from surfaces exposed facing, to compensate for irregularities such surfaces and compliance with the flatness of the facing, as well as improving the sustainability of the system to the action of a lateral load.

This object is achieved in that in the famous mount kit for facade cladding panels containing the bearings, bearing profiles, add-on components and fasteners, and each reference node is executed in the form of a two-element telescopic bracket comprises a bracket, the free end of the shelf which is made the ground for attaching the bracket to the wall, and a pull-out insert with oraway platform for mounting bracket profile, each of which is made U-shaped in cross-section, and each hanging element is designed with mounting holes for attachment to the supporting profile, at the bottom of the bearing profile is performed with a step equal towhere a is the length of one side of the facade cladding panels, a n - integer, groups of holes comprising at least three holes for mounting bracket profile on the support site and add items to a bearing structure, while the holes are made elongated shape, and in the end space of a sliding element and a hanging element with holes according to the number and shape of holes in the hole series support profile, large axes which intersect with large axes of the respective holes of the load bearing profile and hole face site pull-out element.

The kit can be provided with clamping washers under the insulation installed on the shelf bracket.

The hinged element may be in the form of the bracket is a U-shaped profile with the axis connecting the side walls of the hinged member, at the bottom of a hinged element with holes according to the number and shape of holes in the corresponding hole of the bearing profile, large axes which intersect with large axes of the respective holes on the bearing structure, and the axis is located parallel to the bottom of a hinged element.

The task can also be achieved by use of the method of installation of facade cladding panels, which given the size of the wall being coated, pre-calculated grid in accordance with the dimensions of the facing panels and use the load-bearing profiles with groups of holes in their bottom part with a step equal towhere a is the length of one side of the facade cladding panels, a n - integer on the wall, exposing the lining, on the lines of the grid in each range of the lengths of the fixed bearing profiles, establish at least one reference node at a distance from the grid node that is equal to or a multiple of step N of the groups of holes on the host profile to a reference nodes are fixed carrier profile parallel to the grid lines crossed holes elongated end platform and the corresponding group of holes of the load bearing profile and fix them in the crosshairs of the fastening elements, and then to the supporting profile in accordance with the nodes of the grids secure hanging items crossed groups of holes hinged elements and the corresponding group of holes of the load bearing profile and fix them in the crosshairs of the fastening elements.

Carrier profile can be oriented in either the horizontal direction or the vertical direction, either in horizontal and vertical directions.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows the design of the kit for mounting of facing panels; figure 2 is a horizontal section of the construction kit for mounting of facing panels; figure 3 is a view on To the presser washer figure 1; figure 4 - the reference node with the reference sites, are designed as separate parts; figure 5 is a view of E 1 (installation of pressure washers); Fig 6 is a view of M hinged on the element of figure 1; figure 7 - the facade is assembled; Fig - embodiments of the holes on the host profile.

Mounting kit for facing panel anchor nodes 1 and carrier profile with 2 hinged elements 3 or 4 for fastening of facade cladding panels 5, rigidly mounted on the mechanical floors 6 drawer inserts 7 reference nodes.

In the bottom part of the carrying structure 2 is made with a step equal towhere a is the length of one side of the facade cladding panels, and n is an integer of the group of holes 8 (11)comprising at least three holes for fastening the supporting profile 2 on the reference node 1 and add-on items 3 or 4 on a bearing structure 2, the orifices are made of an elongated shape, and in the end the platform 6 drawer insert 7 and a hanging element 3 or 4 holes on the number of the form of holes in the hole series support profile, large axis of which overlap with large axes of the respective holes of the load bearing profile and hole face site pull-out element.

Large axis of groups of holes elongated load-bearing profile and mating with them items (mechanical platform and add-on elements) are closed in a polygon outlining the core of the sustainability section of the reference sites.

The width of the holes elongated load-bearing profile and mating with them items (mechanical platform and add-on elements) are provided on the 0.3 to 1.0 mm smaller than the inner diameter of the thread of the fastening element.

System of overlapping holes (guide profile, the mechanical platform and hinged elements) allows the installation of the moving rotor profile and hinged elements in vertical and horizontal planes and, therefore, to adjust the facing panels when installed in vertical and horizontal planes.

To compress insulation boards to the wall mount kit for cladding panels are equipped with anti-squeak plate 9, which is located on the shelf bracket 10 reference node 1.

To ensure use of the device with different facing materials it supplied additional, interchangeable with another type of hinged elements, mounted e is a COP-4, made in the form of a U-shaped profile in cross section. The side walls of the hinged member connected to the axle 12 that is parallel to the base of the hinged element. Based on the completed holes are elongated, the longitudinal axes of which are arranged at an angle α to the longitudinal axis of the hinged element and oriented to cross the longitudinal axes of the elongated holes on the host profile.

Profile 2 is made, for example, in the form of a U-shaped profile in cross section.

Basic unit 1 consists of a two-element telescopic bracket comprises a bracket 10, at the free end of the shelf which is made from the support platform 14 for attaching the bracket to the wall, and sliding the insert 7 with the end area 6, the profile of which in cross section is identical to the profile of the shelf bracket, and node alignment of facing panels, located in the plane perpendicular to the surface of the exposed cladding (along the longitudinal axis of the reference node) in the form of intersecting elongated holes 15 on the side walls of the shelf bracket and the elongated holes 16 in the side walls of the drawer insert.

The cross-section of the shelf bracket and the sliding insert is made in the form of thin rods with tightly closed profile.

Bracket and retractable arise the ka stiffeners, respectively 17 and 18, passing along the edges of their profile and/or which are simultaneously ribs. The ribs of the bracket are made in pairs and symmetrically relative to the transverse axes of the surfaces of the shelves with the direction of the external side of the path of the shelves and the location of its vertices.

A shelf bracket and a pull-out insert in cross-section triangular form (including equilateral)or a rectangular or square contour.

The profile of the bracket is closed contour, for example, by resistance welding the two platforms 19 located outside the geometrical parameters of the contour profile and formed two walls of the bracket, made wider by the amount corresponding fields.

Profile retractable insert is closed, for example, by resistance welding the two platforms 20, located within the geometric parameters of the contour profile and educated one bend to the inside contour of the walls of the insert and another bend on the outer side along the entire length of the insert to contact sites in the transverse plane of symmetry of the profile.

The outer perimeter of the cross-sectional profile retractable insert is 0.7 to 0.9 of the inner perimeter of the cross-sectional profile of the shelf bracket.

To compensate for the bending moment from external loads (weight of the panels facing, climate and tmospheric effects) reference node is equipped with a U-shaped cross-section ridges 21, each of which is installed between the base platform and the outer surface of the shelf bracket at an angle of 40-45°while one end of the jumper is made in one piece with the fixed shelf bracket, and the other, free end, the jumper is rigidly connected to the base platform.

The number of jumpers, compensating the bending moment from external loads, equal to the number of surfaces that form the profile of the shelf stationary bracket in cross section, or a multiple of the number of surfaces that form the profile of a shelf in cross section.

Jumpers, compensating the bending moment from external loads, can be performed in separate parts with sites at their ends, one of which is rigidly connected with the base platform, and the other with the outer surface of the shelves.

A platform 14 is formed from a portion forming the profile of the shelf bracket surfaces separated along the ribs and bent outward at an angle 85-92° to the external surfaces of the shelves.

Support pads 14 with holes 22 for attaching the bracket to a building wall, for example, anchor bolts 34. The longitudinal axis of the holes of the support pads formed from part surfaces, forming a triangular profile shelf, intersect at an angle of 80-110° (as a special case).

The number of reference sites or avno number of surfaces, forming a profile of a shelf bracket in cross section, or a multiple of the number of surfaces that form the profile of a shelf bracket in cross section, while the number of reference sites should not be less than two.

The anchor pad 14 can be made as separate parts 23 and are rigidly connected to the shelf 24 welds made at the junction of the edges of the upper wall shelf and cut-outs 25 under them on the ribs 26 of the support surface, and in the lower part of the weld formed between the edge and the plane of the platform.

To provide additional rigidity in the design of the reference node is provided by the shape of the reference sites of the pressure plates 27 with the mounting holes 28 that are installed with stiffening ribs 29 of the support pads 7. In the lower part of the pressure plate is made U-shaped notch 30, the width and shape of the bottom which corresponds to the width and shape of the jumper 21, and the length of the sides of the excavation is 25-30 mm On the upper part of the pressure plate between stiffeners made rectangular protrusion 31, curved over the front side of the support platform to a height of 2-5 mm Shape and size of the mounting holes of the pressure plate is identical to the shape and size of the mounting holes of the support platform, intended for fastening the reference node to the wall of the building.

At the end is the Playground is especially retractable insert 7 made, at least two holes 11, the longitudinal axes of which intersect at an angle of 110-120°.

The mechanical platform 6 drawer insert 7 is formed from a portion forming the profile pull-out element surfaces that are separated along the edges of the profile and angled outwards at an angle 85-92° the outside of a sliding insert.

The hinged element for fastening cladding panels (clamer) 3 contains the platform 32 with the mirror positioned relative to the horizontal axis locking L-shaped elements (antennae) 33, one end of which is made in one piece with the surface of the ground, and the other sequentially bent in the perpendicular relative to the ground plane and parallel relative to the ground plane at a distance equal to the thickness of the cladding panels, forming seats for facing panels, and the locking element in the plan is executed in the form of a trapezoid, the base of which is the basis of the locking element, and the angle of inclination of the side walls of the element is chosen from the condition of the item was created as beams equal resistance to bending. Smaller base of the trapezoid may be rounded on a radius.

The reference node, profile, wall and fastening elements made of stainless steel.

The installation of facade cladding panels is made in the following order.

p> With regard to the size of the wall being coated, pre-calculated grid in accordance with the dimensions of the facing panels and put it, for example, on the Assembly drawing. Calculate the required number of reference nodes. For fastening cladding panels using load-bearing profiles with groups of holes in their bottom part with a step equal to or a multiple of, for example,where a is the height of the facade cladding panels.

On the wall, exposing the lining, on the lines of a coordinate grid, given the length of each fixed bracket profile and in the range of the length of each fixed support member, between nodes coordinate grid set at least one reference node at a distance from the grid node that is equal to or a multiple of step N of the groups of holes on the host profile.

The reference nodes are fixed carrier profile. Carrier profile in this guide, for example, in the vertical direction, parallel to the grid lines crossed holes elongated end platform and the corresponding group of holes of the load bearing profile and fix them in the crosshairs of the fastening elements.

Then to each bearing profile in accordance with the grid reference secure hanging items crossed groups of holes hinged elements and CEO of the related group of holes of the load bearing profile and fix them in the crosshairs of the fastening elements.

Then fixed by means of hinged elements of the facade cladding panels.

Carrier profile can also be oriented in a horizontal direction, in this case, the group of holes on the guide perform in increments corresponding to the length of the cladding panels. Carrier profile can be oriented simultaneously in horizontal and vertical directions.

1. Mounting kit for facade cladding panels containing bearing U-shaped profiles, add-on components, fasteners, bearing units, each of which is made in the form of a two-element telescopic bracket at the free end of the shelf which is the basic platform for the mounting bracket to the wall, and a pull-out insert with end fastening surface of the load bearing profile, each of the hinged elements are made with mounting holes for attachment to the supporting U-shaped profile, at the bottom bearing the U-shaped profile performed at least three elongated holes for mounting bracket profile to reference node and for attaching the hinged elements to the supporting U-shaped profile, and in the end the site pull-out insert and mount the element with holes according to the number and the profile of the holes of the respective groups of apertures carrying a U-shaped profile, the greater the e axis which are crossed relatively large axes of the respective holes in the hanging element when the fastening of the supporting U-shaped profile to a reference node and a hinged element to the supporting U-shaped profile.

2. The kit according to claim 1, which is made with clamping washers under the insulation installed on the shelf bracket.

3. The kit according to claim 1, in which the hinged element is designed in the form of the bracket is a U-shaped profile with a bottom part and an axle mounted between the side walls of the hinged member, at the bottom of a hinged element with holes according to the number and shape of holes of the respective groups of apertures of the load bearing profile, large axes which are crossed relatively large axes of the respective holes on the bearing structure, and the axis of the bracket is placed parallel to the bottom of a hinged element.

4. The mounting kit for mounting facade cladding panels, including wall mount bracket the reference node, anchoring on the end surface of the reference node is a U-shaped carrier profile, hinged elements on the host profile and fixing by hinged elements facing panels, a pre-calculated grid in accordance with the dimensions of the facing panels on the wall, exposing the lining, on the lines of the grid in each range of the lengths of the fixed bearing profiles, establish at least one reference node at a distance from the grid node that is equal to or a multiple step groups the CTE is sty on the raw P-shaped profile, the reference nodes are fixed carrier profile parallel to the grid lines crossed the large axes of the elongated holes of the end platform and large axes of the elongated holes corresponding to the group of holes carrying a U-shaped profile and fix them in the crosshairs of the fastening elements, and then to the supporting profile in accordance with the grid reference secure hanging items crossed the large axes of the elongated holes of the hole series of hinged elements and corresponding large axes of the elongated holes of the group of holes carrying a U-shaped profile and fix them in the crosshairs of the fastening elements.

5. The method according to claim 4, in which the load-bearing profiles oriented in a horizontal direction or a vertical direction or in horizontal and vertical directions.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.

14 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.

SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.

EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.

SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.

EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.

4 cl, 3 dwg

The invention relates to the field of construction, namely the construction of multilayer glazing

The invention relates to the field of construction and is intended to improve the thermal performance of building envelopes of residential and public buildings and structures, as well as improve their appearance

The invention relates to the field of construction and is designed for fastening cladding of buildings and structures, including ventilated facades

The invention relates to the construction

The invention relates to the field of construction and can be used to create the outer insulating and protective coatings during construction of new and the renovation of existing buildings and structures, namely for the implementation of the outer insulation with a thin layer of plaster on heater

The invention relates to the construction and repair of buildings and constructions of civil, industrial and agricultural purposes, in particular to systems fencing buildings with insulation and finishing of external walls and facades

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.

SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.

EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.

SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.

EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.

14 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members, fastening members and a number of support units. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each load-bearing member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Bottom part of load-bearing U-shaped profile is provided with at least three elongated orifices for load-bearing profile connection to support unit and for hanging member connection to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile. Orifices in end plate, hanging member and load-bearing U-shaped profile are similar in shape. Load-bearing U-shaped profile orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing U-shaped profile.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging.

5 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises parallel carrying profiles each formed of metal or polymeric material by extrusion operation or by sheet material bending. Each profile has hollow post. Orifices to connect carrying profiles to bearing structure are formed in carrying profile base. The carrying profile base also has clamp. Opposite side of the base is defined by partitions having free ends creating gap along carrying profile of the second post. Partitions are located between carrying profile posts and extend transversely to the posts. The partitions are made as posts of carrying profile having H-shaped cross-section and located between the posts. Posts of H-shaped carrying profile are defined by flanges and post of thrust profiles having U-shaped cross sections connecting the flanges. The thrust profiles face cladding panels by opened cavities thereof. Free end of each flange defined by thrust profile cross-section is bent inside the cavity so that acute angle is created in-between. Extensions of longitudinal mounting profile ridges are arranged between trust profile bends. The mounting profile has longitudinal extensions. Mounting profile strip touches free end of each mounting profile flange at bends. Longitudinal extension of face side ribs are directed one towards another. Adjacent cladding panels create cladding panel fixing profile at joint between grooves thereof in which longitudinal mounting profile rib extension are inserted.

EFFECT: simplified facing structure, increased manufacturability, reduced labor inputs for facing structure assemblage, prevention of panels to be connected misalignment.

10 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: support panel has rectangular shape and is provided with four fastening members arranged on inner surface thereof. The fastening members are made as mounting hooks formed so that distance between inner panel surface and hook end L is equal to heat insulation layer thickness H. Horizontal and vertical distances between the hooks correspond to distance between ears connected to load-bearing structure of building.

EFFECT: simplified structure and assembly operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used for external system of heat protection (ventilated facades) and it is intended for forming external wall enclosures with increased thermo-technical characteristics. Method includes preliminary mounting of window modules a t construction site, height of modules doesn't exceed three floors; window modules are built in form of frame carcasses. Window modules are mounted in form of frame carcass of design architectural window opening. Then vertical beacons are mounted later along line of designed joints of wall enclosures, while taking compensation spaces in mentioned joints into account, and along line of side slopes of designed window openings. Openings disposed in relation to vertical beacons are marked and drilled in coverings for making fixing units; fixing units are mounted in pairs and tied together preliminary by threaded pins through openings in support paws of units and openings in coverings. Pullout console are removed outside contours of coverings. Separate posts and window modules are mounted in fixing units due to bringing openings in embrace fork of fixing unit with corresponding oval openings at ends of separate posts and posts of window modules and they are fastened by threaded connection. Compensation spaces are provided at edges of posts at level of coverings b subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift. Plane of façade is graded due to subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift at direction being perpendicular to plane of façade. Designed joints of wall enclosures and side slopes of designed architectural window openings relatively vertical beacons are checked through horizontal shift of separate posts and window modules. Fixing units are coupled finally by means of thread pins through additional fixing openings inside their carrier consoles and through preliminary drilled openings in coverings. Horizontal beacons are installed on line of top and low slides of designed architectural window openings. Reliability of horizontal tying of window openings is inspected due to sifting horizontal cross stapling along posts of window modules. Window units are installed inside designed architectural window openings and inter-level wall enclosures are formed by fixing sandwich-type panels to back sides of separate posts and posts of window modules due to L-shaped fixing elements and self-tapping screws. Then inter-level gaps among wall enclosures are made habitable to winter due to fixing warm-keeping stuff by plate dowels to coverings at side of faced; then members for fixing facing are mounted. Device for realization of the method is also described.

EFFECT: quicker mounting and dismounting of wall enclosures; higher efficiency of warming.

7 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly for tile laying on wall enclosures, namely on vented facades, to create relief architecture compositions (architectural orders) arranged in single plane.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises the first facing tile set including tiles having flat interior surfaces, which define common facade plane. Facing structure includes horizontal profiles fastened to vertical ones and connection members, which are secured to vertical profiles and provide visible or concealed facing tile connection. The connection members fix upper, lower tile parts or two adjacent tiles. Facing structure also comprises support flanges of tile edge fastening members. Tile edge fastening members adapted for concealed tile fastening are to be inserted in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The facing structure additionally has arch module projecting out of common building facade plane. The arch module is preliminarily assembled at building site and retained over arch formed in building wall by means of anchoring bolts passing through orifices of the supports. The facing structure also has the second tile set including tiles projecting out of common facade plane and having different cross-sections. Edges of the second tiles are supported by support flanges, which provide visible or concealed tile connection and have similar grooves adapted to receive wings of fastening members for concealed tile fastening. Arch module including facing tiles, connection members for visible or concealed tile connection, which secure lower tile parts and two adjacent tiles, and support flanges for tile edge fixation. The support flanges, which provide concealed tile fastening pass in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The arch module is made as frame including holders with box-like cross-sections and connected one with another by means of stiffening components. The holders have support for holder connection to wall. At least two members to secure lower tile parts and at least one member to retain two adjacent tiles are fastened to facial holder sides and define pockets for radially formed tiles receiving made in exterior frame part between the holders. Members for lower tile part fixation extend along longitudinal holder axes. Members for simultaneous fastening of two adjacent tiles are transversal to longitudinal holder axes.

EFFECT: possibility to change appearance of buildings including ones having arch openings.

5 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly coverings or linings, for instance, for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: composite bracket comprises holder connected to building wall and provided with longitudinal guiders. The holder is adapted to fix reinforcing member from building wall side. The reinforcing member is made as box with flanges having rounded ends and extending vertically upwards and downwards with respect to the holder. Oval orifices are made in upper and lower parts of box wall. Oval orifices have major axes extending in horizontal plane. Box is provided with sub-stamping located in area of box joining with holder. The sub-stamping extends for holder end wall thickness and provides close fitting of outer box wall and outer holder end surface to building wall.

EFFECT: increased strength, reliability, air-tightness and rigidity of hanged panel connection to building wall.

4 dwg

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