Facade facing panel fastening set, supporting unit and hanging member for the supporting unit, as well as facade assemblage method

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.

14 cl, 7 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of industrial and civil construction, namely, devices for fastening cladding panels used to protect walls from climatic and atmospheric influences and give them an aesthetic properties.

Known kit facade suspension containing brackets, made in the form of unequal rectangular area, on the short shelf of which there are holes for mounting to a wall, and on a long shelf in the process of installation is attached a transition element, equipped with a mechanical surface for the suspension of the fastening elements facing (RF patent No. 2146323, publ. 10.03.2000, MKI E 04 F 13/00, 13/08, 13/12).

Known technical solution at a sufficiently simple design is economically disadvantageous cross-sectional shape of the shelves unequal rectangular area with the lowest moment of resistance to bending in the plane of the long shelves that determines the high metal structure and the cost of the product. Mounting bracket requires the use of additional process equipment and carrying out additional process steps to finalize the mounted parts, which reduces the rate of installation and increases the cost of the work.

The closest technical solution regarding mount kit for FA is adnych facing panels is a device for fastening cladding panels, containing the reference node in the form of a stationary bracket with the reference area, inside of which is mounted a movable insert, end surface, and bearing profile (rail) with hinged elements (kljamery) for fastening cladding panels, mounted on the end surface of the insertion (the prospectus of the company "DIAT", Ventilated facades systems DIAT, 2001).

However, the known technical solution at a sufficiently high technical and operational characteristics has increased the intensity and cost of manufacture defined low bearing properties open paths cross sections, load-bearing structural elements. The installation design requires the use of the original build tools reference nodes, and the connection to other structural elements between the insert and the supporting profile (guides), the supporting profile and hinged elements (kljamery) for fastening cladding panels requires installation of additional technological operations on finalization of parts to be assembled, which reduces the rate of installation and increases the cost of the work as a whole.

The closest technical solution in relation to the reference node is the reference node for fastening cladding panels, comprising a fixed bracket with a shelf and a support PLO is alcami at the free end of the shelf, within which the movable insert is identical with the bearing shelf bracket closed transverse profile and node alignment of facing panels located along the longitudinal axis of the reference node in the form of overlapping mounting slots (holes) on the side walls of the shelf bracket and insert stiffeners (a utility model Certificate No. 25898, publ. 27.10.02,, bull. No. 30 MKI E 04 5/48, F 13/00).

However, in the known technical solution of the cross-section profiles of the shelf bracket and insert closed geometrically, not rigidly, which reduces the strength and rigidity of the structure, increases the intensity and cost of manufacture. During this movement of the insert relative to the bracket defined by the length of the mounting slots (holes) on the side of the bracket and the length of the mounting slots (holes) on the side wall of the insert, while maintaining the structural strength of the support node may not fully compensate the unevenness of the wall and compliance with the plane of the facing. This necessitates the installation of several types and sizes of anchor nodes, which reduces the manufacturability of the design and pace of its installation.

The closest technical solution to the hinged element is hinged element for fastening oblicovan the x panels (clamer), containing space with a mirror located on the horizontal axis locking L-shaped elements (antennae), one end of which is made in one piece with the surface of the ground, and the other sequentially bent in the perpendicular relative to the ground plane and parallel relative to the ground plane at a distance equal to the thickness of the cladding panels, forming seats for facing panels (the prospectus of the company "DIAT", Ventilated facades systems DIAT, 2001).

However, in the known technical solution cross-section throughout the length of the locking elements and equally determined visible from the outer side part (the accepted width of about 10 mm), which significantly limits the load-bearing capabilities as locking elements under the action of static and dynamic loads, and construction in General. Increasing the number of fasteners required to ensure performance in all load ranges, increases the weight of the structure and its value.

The known method of fastening a facade cladding panels, including wall of the fixed element reference node, anchoring on the end surface of the reference node is a U-shaped cross-section of the load bearing profile and hinged elements on the host is ROFILE, through which fix the front panel (the prospectus of the company "DIAT", Ventilated facades systems DIAT, 2001).

The basis of the invention is to design a set for fastening of facade cladding panels, including its major components and parts - the reference node, the load bearing profile and wall elements, experiment to find the optimal geometric characteristics of these components, which will increase the carrying capacity of the kit to use as a facing any panel material without substantial completion of a design, reduce the complexity and cost of installation of the nodes in the set and cladding panels by reducing technological operations to finalize the details in the editing process, to increase the adjustment range mounting of facing panels from surfaces exposed cladding, to compensate for irregularities such surfaces and compliance with the flatness of the facing, as well as improving the sustainability of the system to the action of a lateral load.

This object is achieved in that in the famous mount kit for facade cladding panels containing the bearings, bearing U-shaped profiles, wall elements and fastening elements, each basic unit made in the form of two-element telescopic bracket comprises a bracket, at the free end of the shelf which is made the ground for attaching the bracket to the wall, and a pull-out insert with end fastening surface of the load bearing profile, and each hanging element is designed with mounting holes for attachment to the supporting profile, at the bottom of the load bearing profile performed at least one group of holes for attaching the attachment element to the supporting profile and one group of holes for mounting bracket profile to a reference node, each group of holes includes at least three elongated holes in the mechanical area and a hanging element is made holes in number and profile holes in the corresponding hole of the bearing profile with the possibility of their mutual crossing in the process of mounting bracket profile to a reference node and a hinged element to the supporting profile.

To ensure mounting of facing panels, it is recommended that the distance between the groups of holes was not less than 40 mm

To ensure a more sustainable designs are suitable to large axis of groups of holes of the load bearing profile was closed in a polygon outlining the core of the sustainability section.

The purpose of compressing insulation boards (heater) provided in the kit pressure washer heater installed on a shelf to which onstein, and for fixing the pressure washer relative to the surface of the shelf it is equipped with the parallel surfaces of the shelf areas which are located at a distance of 0.1-0.2 mm smaller from the orthocenter of the cross-sectional profile shelf, and a width of less width shelves.

For the final fastening of the adjustable elements width of oval holes is 0.3-1.0 mm smaller than the inner diameter of the thread of the fastening element.

In order to give greater rigidity of the side surface of the load bearing profile stiffeners V-shape with an angle equal to 102-117°.

This technical result is also achieved by the fact that in the known construction the reference node set for fastening of facade cladding panels containing two-element telescopic bracket comprises a bracket, the free end of the shelf which is made from the ground, and a pull-out insert with end platform, at least one of the side surfaces of the shelf bracket and the side surface of the sliding insert is made oval slanted holes with the possibility of their mutual crossing with the mounting of facing panels, the angle of inclination of an axis inclined oval holes on the bracket or on the insert relative to the axis of the reference node is β=20-40° and holes are made with a step H=2Lcosβ where L is the length of the hole, the ground bracket and frontal area of the insert is formed from a portion of the surfaces forming respectively the profile shelf bracket and insert separated along the ribs and bent at an angle 85-92° to the external surfaces of the shelf bracket, and the bracket and sliding the insert is made in the form of a thin-walled hollow rods with tightly closed profiles.

Oval holes on the frame, it is preferable to perform thus to their large axes intersect at an angle of 80-120°.

In addition, not less preferably, the perimeter profile retractable insertion was 0.7-0.9 perimeter profile bracket.

To ensure greater rigidity reference node on the ribs of the bracket are made in pairs and symmetrically with respect to the axes of the surfaces of the shelves, is directed to the outer side of the contour of the shelf and located at its vertices.

To compensate for the bending moment from external loads, it is desirable that at the reference site were made jumpers, with one end of the jumper made in one piece with the surface of the bracket and the other end connected to a ground at an angle of 40-45° to the surface of the shelf.

With the same purpose, the number of jumpers selects multiple of the number of surfaces that form the profile p is the CTL bracket in cross section.

To increase the carrying capacity of the package supporting Assembly is provided with repeating the cross-sectional profile of the reference sites clamping plates with mounting holes that are installed with the possibility of mating with the ribs of the reference sites, while in the lower part of the pressure plate is made U-shaped notch under the jumper depth of 25-30 mm, and the upper part of the pressure plate between stiffeners made of rectangular ledge, bent over the front side of the support platform to a height of 2-5 mm

To achieve the technical result in the known construction of a hinged element kit for fastening of facade cladding panels containing space with a mirror located on the horizontal axis locking L-shaped elements, one end of which, which is the base element, made in one piece with the surface of the ground, and the other sequentially bent in the perpendicular relative to the ground plane and parallel relative to the ground plane at a distance equal to the thickness of the cladding panels, forming seats for facing panels, the locking element has a trapezoid shape, the angle of the side walls which is selected from the conditions of item as beams of equal cross-section bending./p>

The task is achieved by the fact that in the known method of installation of facade cladding panels, including wall mount bracket telescopic reference node, anchoring on the end surface of the insertion of the reference node is a U-shaped cross-section of the load bearing profile and hinged elements on the host profile is fixed by means of hinged elements front panel with respect to the dimensions of the wall being coated, pre-calculated grid in accordance with the size of the panels and use the load-bearing profiles with groups of oval holes in their bottom part for mounting hinged elements and bearing profiles and reference nodes with slanted oval holes on the side surfaces of the insert and bracket with the possibility of their mutual crossing with the mounting of facing panels, then fix on the wall, exposing the lining, the reference nodes in the nodes of the grid with the placement of the geometric center of the reference node in the node coordinate grid, the reference nodes are fixed carrier profile parallel to the grid lines with the installation of large crosshair axes of the oval holes of the end pad insert and the corresponding group of the oval holes of the load bearing profile by adjusting the bracket profile horizontal and vertical pleskot the x relative to the reference node within within ± 0,5Lsinα and ±0,5Lcosα respectively, where L is the length of the inclined oval holes of the bracket or insert, α - the angle of inclination of an axis of the oval holes on the mechanical platform pull-out insert to the longitudinal axis of the end surface, fix them in the crosshairs of the fastening elements, and then to the supporting profile fixed wall elements with large crosshair axes of the oval holes of hinged elements and the corresponding group of oval holes bearing profiles and fix them in the crosshairs of the fastening elements.

With the same purpose carrier profile is oriented in either a horizontal direction or a vertical direction or in horizontal and vertical direction.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows the design of the kit for mounting of facing panels; figure 2 is a horizontal section of the construction kit for mounting of facing panels; figure 3 view on the clamping washer figure 1; figure 4 - the reference node with the reference sites, are designed as separate parts; figure 5 is a view of E 1 (installation of pressure washers); figure 6 - view of M hinged on the element of figure 1; figure 7 - facade (assembled).

Mounting kit for facing panel anchor nodes 1 and carrier profile with 2 hinged elements 3 or 4 (second embodiment of the canopy is on item) for fastening of facade cladding panels 5. The reference node is executed in the form of a two-element telescopic bracket comprises a bracket and a pull-out insert with mechanical platform 6 for fastening the supporting profile 2.

In the bottom part of the load bearing profile 2 made groups of mounting slots (holes)containing at least three oval holes in each group. One group of holes 8 for mounting through the wall elements 3 or 4 facing panels to the supporting profile. Groups of holes are made in increments ofwhere a is the length of one side of the facade cladding panels 5, a n is a whole number multiple of the length of a side facing the panel.

The physical meaning of the mentioned formula is to determine the number of seats attaching cladding panels to the supporting profile.

The maximum step (S), which are hinged elements equal to the length of one side of the facing panel (A). If S=A facing panel is attached to the supporting profile in two places, for example the top and bottom. Depending on the installation requirements of facing panels and seats for mounting the bearing profiles to the reference nodes step S can vary downwards, such as 1/2, 1/3, 1,4, 1/5 and so on, depending on the length of the side cladding panels. Preferably, the value of "n" was less than or equal to 10.

Another group response the sty 11 for fastening the supporting profile 2 via the supporting node 1 to the wall of the building. These groups of holes are made in increments of R (step grid) = In, where In is the length of the load bearing profile, and the number of reference nodes, calculated from the condition of structural strength. In the end the platform 6 drawer insert 7 and a hanging element 3 or 4 made the mounting holes according to the number and profile of holes in the corresponding hole of the bearing profile. The holes in the mechanical area and a hanging element and the corresponding holes on the bearing structure is made with the possibility of a crossing (intersection) of their large axes when mounting of facing panels.

Group of holes 8 and 11 are designed to ensure the installation, which, in turn, implies the exception of overlapping holes of one group to another or placing them at a distance of violating dimensional chain system as a whole. To ensure the mounting distance between the groups of holes 8 and 11, it is expedient to provide at least 40 mm (C=S-R≥40 mm).

Oval mounting holes in groups of holes of the support profile, the mechanical platform and hinged elements are designed so that their large axes are locked into a polygon outlining the core of sustainable cross-section.

The width of the oval holes of the support profile, the mechanical platform and hinged elements are provided at 0.3-1.0 mm smaller than the inner diameter is the ETP of the thread of the fastening element.

In the process of assembling the oval mounting holes on the guide profile, the mechanical platform and hinged elements allow movement of the load bearing profile and hinged elements in vertical and horizontal planes and, therefore, to adjust the facing panels when installed in vertical and horizontal planes.

Pressure insulation boards (insulation) to the wall (figure 1) is not provided presser plate 9, which is located on the shelf bracket 10 reference node 1, and for fixing the pressure washer on the external surface of the shelf it is equipped with a parallel external surfaces of the shelf areas which are located at a distance of 0.1-0.2 mm smaller from the orthocenter than the cross sectional profile of the shelf.

For mounting the facing plates made of various cladding material, there are two types of hinged elements 3 and 4. Hinged element 4 made in the form of a U-shaped profile in cross section. Between the side walls of the hinged element parallel to its base is set to axis 12. Based on the completed mounting slots (holes), the longitudinal axes of which are arranged at an angle α to the longitudinal axis of the hinged element and oriented to cross the longitudinal axes of the slots (holes) on the host profile.

Bearing por the film 2 made in the form of a U-shaped profile, shelves of which is provided with ribs 13 V-shape with an angle at the apex equal to 102-117°.

Basic unit 1 consists of a two-element telescopic bracket comprises a bracket 10, at the free end of the shelf which is made from the support platform 14 for attaching the bracket to the wall, and sliding the insert 7 with mechanical platform 6, the profile of which is identical to the profile of the shelf bracket. At least one of the side surfaces of the shelf bracket and the side surface of the sliding insert is made of at least one oval hole 15 and 16, respectively, with the possibility of crossing their large axes when mounting of facing panels.

Adjusting the spatial position of facing panels on the grid walls revetted buildings in the proposed technical solution can be carried out in all the joints of structural elements of a set, namely the connection of the insert bracket, carrier - bearing profile, profile - wall element wall element facing panel. The magnitude of the possible displacements of the end of the adjustable element relative to any axis of the cladding panels is equal to the sum of the projections of the lengths of the oval mounting holes connected elements on this axis. The adjustment is made Bess is openitem moving their position within the length of the oblong holes without drilling any additional holes, followed by tightening the screws or install the rivets in the crosshair oval cross holes.

After setting the desired position of the elements permanently fix the position of the connected parts of the fastening elements. For fixing the desired position of the elements of the mounting oblong holes made wide, 0.3-1.0 mm smaller internal diameter of the thread of the fastening element.

The bracket and sliding the insert stiffeners, respectively 17 and 18, along the edges of their profile, which can be simultaneously ribs. The ribs of the bracket are made in pairs and symmetrically relative to the transverse axes of the surfaces of the shelves with the direction of the external side of the path of the shelves and the location of its vertices.

A shelf bracket and a pull-out insert in cross-section triangular form (including equilateral)or a rectangular or square contour.

The cross-section of the shelf bracket and the sliding insert is made in the form of thin rods with a closed profile. Thin-walled hollow rods can be closed, for example, through the formation of special sites and welding them, for example, spot welding.

Thus, the profile of the bracket is closed contour, for example, by resistance welding the two platforms 19 located outside the geometrical parameters of the contour profile and formed by two walls of the bracket, made wider by the amount corresponding fields.

Profile retractable insert is closed, for example, by resistance welding the two platforms 20, located within the geometric parameters of the contour profile and educated one bend to the inside contour of the walls of the insert and another bend on the outer side along the entire length of the insert to contact sites in the transverse plane of symmetry of the profile.

Below are examples of the execution of the reference node.

Example 1.

The reference node is made the same as the above reference node. The angle of the large axis of the mounting holes 15 and 16 (bracket-insert, respectively) is β=20° to the longitudinal axis of the reference node, with

- mounting holes 15 in the side walls of the shelf bracket is made of length L=26,8 mm, the number n=3 units, and step H=2Lcosβ=50,0 mm, and

- mounting hole 16 on the side walls of the drawer insert is made with a length L=26,8 mm, the number n=3 units, and step H=2Lcosβ=50,00 mm

Mutual crossing oval holes 15 and 16 is achieved by the installation concerned inserted into the bracket.

The movement of the holes relative to each other is carried out in the range L1=50,0×3=150 mm (depth straightening from the wall).

The range of adjustment of the carrier profile in the horizontal and vertical planes relative activities is but the reference node is within ± 0,5Lsinα and ±0,5 Lcosα respectively, where L is the length of the mounting slots (holes) 15 or 16, α - the angle of the longitudinal (major) axis of the mounting slots (holes) on the mechanical platform retractable insert and the corresponding mounting slots (holes) on the host profile to the longitudinal axis of the end surface and respectively carrying profile. In this embodiment, the angle α=30°so the range of adjustment of the carrier profile in the horizontal plane is ±6.25 mm and in the vertical plane - ±10,7 mm

Reference sites are angled outwards at an angle of 85° and they made holes elongated, large axes which intersect at an angle of 80°.

Mechanical Playground sliding insert is made of parts forming the profile of the insertion surfaces separated along the ribs of the profile and angled outwards at an angle of 85° to the outer surfaces of the insert.

The outer perimeter of the cross-sectional profile retractable insert is 104 mm and an inner perimeter of the cross-sectional profile of the shelf bracket - 148 mm, i.e. the outer perimeter of the cross-sectional profile retractable insert is 0.7 internal perimeter of the cross-sectional profile of the shelf bracket.

Bracket stiffeners, which are made in pairs and symmetrically relative to the axis on which Ernesta shelves, directed to the outer side of the contour of the shelf and located at its vertices.

Example 2.

The reference node is identical to the reference node, as described in example 1, thus:

- the angle of the longitudinal (major) axis of the mounting holes 15 and 16 is β=40° relative to the longitudinal axis of the reference node, with

- mounting holes 15 in the side walls of the shelf bracket is made of length L=26,8 mm, the number n=3 units, and step H=2Lcosβ=40,4 mm, and

- mounting hole 16 on the side walls of the drawer insert is made with a length L=26,8 mm, the number n=3 units, and step H=2Lcosβ=40,4 mm

Mutual crossing oval holes 15 and 16 is achieved by the installation concerned inserted into the bracket.

The movement of the holes relative to each other is carried out in the range L1=121 mm

The range of adjustment of the carrier profile in the horizontal plane is 6.25 mm, and in the vertical plane to 10.7 mm

Foothold bent outward at an angle 92° and they made holes elongated, large axes which intersect at an angle of 120°.

Mechanical Playground sliding insert is made of parts forming the profile of the insertion surfaces separated along the ribs of the profile and angled outwards at an angle 92° to the outer surfaces of the insert.

The outer perimeter of the profile p is pepper-section retractable insert is 104 mm and an inner perimeter of the cross-sectional profile of the shelf bracket - 148 mm, i.e. the outer perimeter of the cross-sectional profile retractable insert is 0.7 internal perimeter of the cross-sectional profile of the shelf bracket.

Example 3.

The reference node is identical to the reference node, as described in example 1 or 2, but with anti-squeak plate, which made the mounting holes. The pressure plate is installed with the inclusion of the ribs of the reference sites. In the lower part of the pressure plate is made U-shaped notch under the jumper with a depth of 25 mm, and the upper part of the pressure plate between stiffeners made of rectangular ledge, bent over the front side of the support platform at a height of 2 mm

When this outer perimeter of the cross-sectional profile retractable insert may be - 144 mm, and the inner perimeter of the cross-sectional profile of the shelf bracket - 160 mm, i.e. the outer perimeter of the cross-sectional profile retractable insert is 0.9 internal perimeter of the cross-sectional profile of the shelf bracket.

Example 4.

The reference node is identical to the reference node, as described in example 1 or 2, but with anti-squeak plate, which made the mounting holes. The pressure plate is installed with the inclusion of the ribs of the reference sites. In the lower part of p is ijemnou made U-shaped notch under the jumper with a depth of 30 mm, and on top of the pressure plate between stiffeners made of rectangular ledge, bent over the front side of the support platform at a height of 5 mm

Example 5.

The reference node is identical to the reference node, as described in example 1 or 2, but on the bracket provided jumpers, compensating the bending moment from external loads, with one end of the jumper made in one piece with the surface of the bracket and the other end connected to a ground at an angle of 40° to the outer surface of the shelf.

Example 6.

The reference node is identical to the reference node, as described in example 1 or 2, but on the bracket provided jumpers, compensating the bending moment from external loads, with one end of the jumper made in one piece with the surface of the bracket and the other end connected to a ground at an angle of 45° to the outer surface of the shelf.

To compensate for the bending moment from external loads (weight of the panels facing, climate and weather) a support Assembly is provided with ridges 21, with one end of the jumper made in one piece with a shelf bracket, and the other, free end, the jumper is rigidly connected to the base platform 14 at an angle of 40-45° to the outer surface of the shelf bracket 10.

The number of straps is equal to the number of surfaces on asousi profile bracket, or a multiple of the number of surfaces that form the profile of the bracket.

Jumpers, compensating the bending moment from external loads, can be performed in separate parts with sites at their ends, one of which is rigidly connected with the base platform, and the other with the outer surface of the shelves.

A platform 14 is formed from a portion forming the profile of the shelf bracket surfaces separated along the ribs and bent outward at an angle 85-92° to the external surfaces of the shelves.

Support pads 14 with holes 22 for attaching the bracket to a building wall, for example, anchor bolts 34. It is desirable that the longitudinal axis of the holes of the support pads 14 are arranged at an angle 80-110°.

The number of reference sites is equal to the number of surfaces that form the profile of a shelf bracket or a multiple of the number of surfaces, while the number of reference sites should not be less than two.

The anchor pad 14 can be made as separate parts 23 and are rigidly connected to the shelf 24 welds made at the junction of the edges of the upper wall shelf and cut-outs 25 under them on the ribs 26 of the support surface, and in the lower part of the weld formed between the edge and the plane of the platform.

To provide additional rigidity in the design of the reference node that is motrine the shape of the support platforms 14 pressure plates 27 with the mounting holes 28, installed with stiffening ribs 29 of the support platforms 14. In the lower part of the pressure plate is made U-shaped notch 30, the width and shape of the bottom which corresponds to the width and shape of the jumper 21, and the length of the sides of the excavation is 25-30 mm On the upper part of the pressure plate between stiffeners made rectangular protrusion 31, curved over the front side of the support platform to a height of 2-5 mm Shape and size of the mounting holes of the pressure plate is identical to the shape and size of the mounting holes of the support platform, designed for fastening the reference node to the wall of the building.

On the mechanical platform retractable insert 7 is made of at least two holes 11, the longitudinal axes of which intersect at an angle of 110-120°.

The mechanical platform 6 drawer insert 7 is formed from a portion forming the profile pull-out element surfaces that are separated along the edges of the profile and angled outwards at an angle 85-92° the outside of a sliding insert.

The hinged element for fastening cladding panels (clamer) 3 contains the platform 32 with the mirror positioned relative to the horizontal axis locking L-shaped elements (antennae) 33, one end of which is made in one piece with the surface of the ground, and the other sequentially bent in the perpendicular relative to the area of the key plane, and parallel relative to the ground plane at a distance equal to the thickness of the cladding panels, forming seats for facing panels, and the locking element in the plan is executed in the form of a trapezoid, the base of which is the basis of the locking element, and the angle of inclination of the side walls of the element is chosen from the condition of the item was created as beams of equal cross-section bending. Smaller base of the trapezoid may be rounded on a radius.

The reference node, profile, wall and fastening elements made of stainless steel.

Mounting device for fastening cladding panels is made in the following order.

The installation of facade cladding panels is made in the following order.

On the wall, exposed facing, pre-calculated grid in accordance with the size of the panels and the required number of reference nodes.

Make load-bearing structures with two groups oval mounting holes in their bottom part, containing three holes in each group: one group of holes with a pitchwhere a is the length of one side of the facade cladding panels, a n - integerwhere a is the height of the facing panel, the other group of holes with a pitch P=b/a, where a is the length of the carrier CR is Filia, it is estimated the number of reference sites in each range of the lengths of the fixed bearing profiles, for example, K=1, and the length of the load bearing profile corresponds to the height of the facing panel, i.e. A=Century

Fixed anchor nodes in the nodes of the grid increments P by means of a support platform 14 anchor bolts 34 through the pressure plates 27, paronit strip 35 and the holes of the anchor pads 22, and one of the planes of the shelf bracket 10 are oriented horizontally.

Hang slab insulation on the brackets 10, pull on a shelf bracket retainer plate 9 and the press plate to the wall.

Then insert in brackets retractable insert 7 and moving them relative to the bracket, install the end platform 6 at a specified distance from the wall.

When the final position of the adjustable elements in the formed in the process of moving the crosshairs overlapping the mounting slots (holes) bracket and insert hole insert fixing elements (latches) 36.

Next to the reference nodes are fixed carrier profile by setting the crosshairs in the mounting slots (holes) end of platform 6 drawer insert 7 and the group of mounting slots (holes) of the support profile 2, is made with a pitch P, regulate the movement in the mounting slots (holes) the position of the rotor profile of the relative horizontal and vertical planes.

The range of adjustment of the carrier profile in the horizontal and vertical planes relative to the reference node perform within ±0,5Lsinα and ±0,5 Lcosα respectively, where L is the length of the mounting slots (holes) 15 or 16, α - the angle of the longitudinal (major) axis of the mounting slots (holes) on the mechanical platform retractable insert and the corresponding mounting slots (holes) on the host profile to the longitudinal axis of the end surface and respectively carrying profile.

When the final position of the adjustable elements using the crisscrossed with mounting slots (holes) to fix the position of the connected parts of the fastening elements.

Then, similarly to the supporting profile attached hinged elements, combining the mounting slots (holes) hinged elements with the mounting slots (holes) support profile made in increments S.

The distance between the groups of holes for mounting hinged elements and groups of holes for fastening the supporting profile is not less than 40 mm

Fixed in hinged elements cladding panels.

Carrier profile can also be oriented in a horizontal direction or in the horizontal and vertical directions.

1. Mounting kit for facade cladding panels, soderjasimi nodes, each of which is made in the form of telescopically United bracket with a support platform for mounting bracket to the wall at the free end of its shelf and drawer inserts with butt pad for mounting bracket profile, bearing U-shaped profiles, add-on components and fasteners, and each hanging element is designed with mounting holes for attachment to the supporting profile, while in the bottom part of the load bearing profile performed at least one group of holes for attaching the attachment element to the supporting profile and one group of holes for mounting bracket profile to a reference node, each group of holes has at least three elongated holes, and in the end space and a hanging element is made holes in the number and profile of holes in a respective group of holes carrying a U-shaped profile, large axes which are crossed relative to each other when the bearing Assembly is a U-shaped profile to a reference node and a hinged element to the supporting profile, the distance between the groups of holes is not less than 40 mm, and the large axis of groups of holes carrying a U-shaped profile closes the polygon outlining the core of the sustainability section.

2. The kit according to claim 1, which is made with clamping washers insulation installed is the OLK bracket, with parallel to the surface of the shelf platform, located at a distance of 0.1-0.2 mm or less from the orthocenter of the cross-sectional profile shelf, and a width of less width shelves for fixing the washer relative to the outer surface of the shelf.

3. The kit according to claim 1 in which the elongated hole is made with a width of 0.3-1.0 mm smaller than the inner diameter of the thread of the fastening element.

Caplet according to claim 1, in which the lateral surface of the bearing U-shaped profile stiffeners V-shape with an angle equal to 102-117°.

5. The reference node set for fastening of facade cladding panels, including telescopically connected bracket having a support pad at the free end of the shelf and pull-out insert with end space, while at least one of the side surfaces of the shelf bracket and the side surface of the sliding insert is made elongatedinclinedholes, large axes are placed crossed relative to each other during mounting of facing panels, the angle of inclination of the major axis of the extendedinclined holes on the bracket or on the insert about the longitudinal axis of the reference node is β=20-40°and holes are made with a step H=2Lcosβwhere L is the length of the hole, the ground bracket and end Playground stawk is formed from part surfaces, forming respectively the profile shelf bracket and insert separated along the ribs and bent at an angle 85-92° to the external surfaces of the shelf bracket, with a sliding insert is made in the form of a thin-walled hollow rods with tightly closed profiles.

6. The support node according to claim 5, in which the frame is made elongated holes, large axes which intersect at an angle of 80-120°.

7. The support node according to claim 5, in which the profile pull-out insert is made with a perimeter comprising 0.7 to 0.9 perimeter profile bracket.

8. The support node according to claim 5, in which the ribs of the bracket are made in pairs and symmetrically relative to the transverse axes of the surfaces of the shelves, is directed to the outer side of the contour of the shelf and located at its vertices.

9. The support node according to claim 5, which is made with jumpers, compensating for the bending moment from external loads and installed between the reference sites and external surfaces of the shelf bracket at an angle of 40-45° to the outer surface of the shelves, with one end of the jumper made in one piece with the side surfaces of the shelf bracket, and the other free end of the jumper is rigidly connected to the base platform.

10. The support node according to claim 5, in which the number of jumpers, compensating the bending moment from external loads, a multiple of kolichestvennoe, forming a profile of a shelf bracket in cross section.

11. The support node according to claim 5, which is supplied repeating the cross-sectional profile of the reference sites clamping plates with mounting holes that are installed with the possibility of mating with the ribs of the reference sites, while in the lower part of the pressure plate is made U-shaped notch under the jumper depth of 25-30 mm, and the upper part of the pressure plate between stiffeners made of rectangular ledge, bent over the front side of the support platform to a height of 2-5 mm

12. The hinged element kit for fastening of facade cladding panels containing space with a mirror located on the horizontal axis locking L-shaped elements, one end of which, which is the base element, made in one piece with the surface of the ground, and the other sequentially bent in the perpendicular relative to the ground plane and parallel relative to the ground plane at a distance equal to the thickness of the cladding panels, forming seats for facing panels, the locking element is designed in the form of a trapezoid, the angle of the side walls which is selected from the conditions of item as beams of equal cross-section bending.

13. The mounting kit on the I mounting of facade cladding panels, includes wall mount bracket telescopic reference node, anchoring on the end surface of the insertion of the reference node is a U-shaped cross-section of the load bearing profile and hinged elements on the host profile and fixing by hinged elements of facade panels, pre-calculated grid in accordance with the size of the panels and use the load-bearing profiles with groups of elongated holes in their bottom part for mounting hinged elements and bearing profiles and reference nodes with elongated inclined holes on the side surfaces of the insert and holder, large axes which are crossed relative to each other during mounting of facing panels, then fix on the wall exposed facing, the reference nodes in the nodes of the grid with the placement of the geometric center of the reference node in the node coordinate grid, the reference nodes are fixed carrier profile parallel to the grid lines with the installation of large crosshair axes of the elongated holes of the end pad insert and the corresponding group of elongated holes of the load bearing profile by adjusting the carrier profile in the horizontal and vertical planes relative to the reference node, respectively, within theand where L is the length of the elongated inclined holes of the bracket or insert- the angle of the axis of the elongated holes on the end platform pull-out insert to the longitudinal axis of the end surface, fixed them in overlapping fasteners then to the supporting profile fixed wall elements with large crosshair axes of the elongated holes of hinged elements and the corresponding group of elongated holes bearing profiles, fix them in the crosshairs of the fastening elements, and installing cladding panels.

14. The method according to item 13, in which the carrier profile is oriented in a horizontal direction or a vertical direction or in horizontal and vertical directions.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.

SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.

EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.

SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.

EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.

4 cl, 3 dwg

The invention relates to the field of construction, namely the construction of multilayer glazing

The invention relates to the field of construction and is intended to improve the thermal performance of building envelopes of residential and public buildings and structures, as well as improve their appearance

The invention relates to the field of construction and is designed for fastening cladding of buildings and structures, including ventilated facades

The invention relates to the construction

The invention relates to the field of construction and can be used to create the outer insulating and protective coatings during construction of new and the renovation of existing buildings and structures, namely for the implementation of the outer insulation with a thin layer of plaster on heater

The invention relates to the construction and repair of buildings and constructions of civil, industrial and agricultural purposes, in particular to systems fencing buildings with insulation and finishing of external walls and facades

The invention relates to the field of construction, and more specifically to the construction of floors, walls, ceilings, and relates to a method of fastening wooden boards

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.

SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.

EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.

SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.

EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.

14 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members, fastening members and a number of support units. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each load-bearing member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Bottom part of load-bearing U-shaped profile is provided with at least three elongated orifices for load-bearing profile connection to support unit and for hanging member connection to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile. Orifices in end plate, hanging member and load-bearing U-shaped profile are similar in shape. Load-bearing U-shaped profile orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing U-shaped profile.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging.

5 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises parallel carrying profiles each formed of metal or polymeric material by extrusion operation or by sheet material bending. Each profile has hollow post. Orifices to connect carrying profiles to bearing structure are formed in carrying profile base. The carrying profile base also has clamp. Opposite side of the base is defined by partitions having free ends creating gap along carrying profile of the second post. Partitions are located between carrying profile posts and extend transversely to the posts. The partitions are made as posts of carrying profile having H-shaped cross-section and located between the posts. Posts of H-shaped carrying profile are defined by flanges and post of thrust profiles having U-shaped cross sections connecting the flanges. The thrust profiles face cladding panels by opened cavities thereof. Free end of each flange defined by thrust profile cross-section is bent inside the cavity so that acute angle is created in-between. Extensions of longitudinal mounting profile ridges are arranged between trust profile bends. The mounting profile has longitudinal extensions. Mounting profile strip touches free end of each mounting profile flange at bends. Longitudinal extension of face side ribs are directed one towards another. Adjacent cladding panels create cladding panel fixing profile at joint between grooves thereof in which longitudinal mounting profile rib extension are inserted.

EFFECT: simplified facing structure, increased manufacturability, reduced labor inputs for facing structure assemblage, prevention of panels to be connected misalignment.

10 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: support panel has rectangular shape and is provided with four fastening members arranged on inner surface thereof. The fastening members are made as mounting hooks formed so that distance between inner panel surface and hook end L is equal to heat insulation layer thickness H. Horizontal and vertical distances between the hooks correspond to distance between ears connected to load-bearing structure of building.

EFFECT: simplified structure and assembly operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used for external system of heat protection (ventilated facades) and it is intended for forming external wall enclosures with increased thermo-technical characteristics. Method includes preliminary mounting of window modules a t construction site, height of modules doesn't exceed three floors; window modules are built in form of frame carcasses. Window modules are mounted in form of frame carcass of design architectural window opening. Then vertical beacons are mounted later along line of designed joints of wall enclosures, while taking compensation spaces in mentioned joints into account, and along line of side slopes of designed window openings. Openings disposed in relation to vertical beacons are marked and drilled in coverings for making fixing units; fixing units are mounted in pairs and tied together preliminary by threaded pins through openings in support paws of units and openings in coverings. Pullout console are removed outside contours of coverings. Separate posts and window modules are mounted in fixing units due to bringing openings in embrace fork of fixing unit with corresponding oval openings at ends of separate posts and posts of window modules and they are fastened by threaded connection. Compensation spaces are provided at edges of posts at level of coverings b subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift. Plane of façade is graded due to subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift at direction being perpendicular to plane of façade. Designed joints of wall enclosures and side slopes of designed architectural window openings relatively vertical beacons are checked through horizontal shift of separate posts and window modules. Fixing units are coupled finally by means of thread pins through additional fixing openings inside their carrier consoles and through preliminary drilled openings in coverings. Horizontal beacons are installed on line of top and low slides of designed architectural window openings. Reliability of horizontal tying of window openings is inspected due to sifting horizontal cross stapling along posts of window modules. Window units are installed inside designed architectural window openings and inter-level wall enclosures are formed by fixing sandwich-type panels to back sides of separate posts and posts of window modules due to L-shaped fixing elements and self-tapping screws. Then inter-level gaps among wall enclosures are made habitable to winter due to fixing warm-keeping stuff by plate dowels to coverings at side of faced; then members for fixing facing are mounted. Device for realization of the method is also described.

EFFECT: quicker mounting and dismounting of wall enclosures; higher efficiency of warming.

7 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly for tile laying on wall enclosures, namely on vented facades, to create relief architecture compositions (architectural orders) arranged in single plane.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises the first facing tile set including tiles having flat interior surfaces, which define common facade plane. Facing structure includes horizontal profiles fastened to vertical ones and connection members, which are secured to vertical profiles and provide visible or concealed facing tile connection. The connection members fix upper, lower tile parts or two adjacent tiles. Facing structure also comprises support flanges of tile edge fastening members. Tile edge fastening members adapted for concealed tile fastening are to be inserted in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The facing structure additionally has arch module projecting out of common building facade plane. The arch module is preliminarily assembled at building site and retained over arch formed in building wall by means of anchoring bolts passing through orifices of the supports. The facing structure also has the second tile set including tiles projecting out of common facade plane and having different cross-sections. Edges of the second tiles are supported by support flanges, which provide visible or concealed tile connection and have similar grooves adapted to receive wings of fastening members for concealed tile fastening. Arch module including facing tiles, connection members for visible or concealed tile connection, which secure lower tile parts and two adjacent tiles, and support flanges for tile edge fixation. The support flanges, which provide concealed tile fastening pass in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The arch module is made as frame including holders with box-like cross-sections and connected one with another by means of stiffening components. The holders have support for holder connection to wall. At least two members to secure lower tile parts and at least one member to retain two adjacent tiles are fastened to facial holder sides and define pockets for radially formed tiles receiving made in exterior frame part between the holders. Members for lower tile part fixation extend along longitudinal holder axes. Members for simultaneous fastening of two adjacent tiles are transversal to longitudinal holder axes.

EFFECT: possibility to change appearance of buildings including ones having arch openings.

5 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly coverings or linings, for instance, for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: composite bracket comprises holder connected to building wall and provided with longitudinal guiders. The holder is adapted to fix reinforcing member from building wall side. The reinforcing member is made as box with flanges having rounded ends and extending vertically upwards and downwards with respect to the holder. Oval orifices are made in upper and lower parts of box wall. Oval orifices have major axes extending in horizontal plane. Box is provided with sub-stamping located in area of box joining with holder. The sub-stamping extends for holder end wall thickness and provides close fitting of outer box wall and outer holder end surface to building wall.

EFFECT: increased strength, reliability, air-tightness and rigidity of hanged panel connection to building wall.

4 dwg

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