Building facade add-on enclosure and enclosure block

FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.

SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.

EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.

21 cl, 12 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of construction and can be used in the construction of new buildings, as well as repair and reconstruction of old.

Known facade hinged fence building containing facade cladding, forming a cell frame made of metal rails attached to the wall using anchors or dowels, and a heat insulating material deposited in the cells of the frame and facade cladding made of tiles and fixed to the frame by screws or cleats (see "the Best facades, Periodical directory facade of the Russian market, January, 2004, p.72-73, "Reynaers systems rus").

Known also block hinged facade building fences, containing facade and interior lining made of reinforced concrete, between which is placed a heat-insulating layer (see Review of "Modern walls and facades, No. 2, 2000, p.32, RIS).

However, the installation of the famous facade of the hinged fence building time-consuming and greatly increases the cost of the building, because the facade hinged enclosure is mounted manually in layers on the wall of a building and often requires the installation of forests. The control over the quality of installation is often lacking. In addition, the operation of the well-known fencing due to its leakage occurs accumulation of insulating material moisture, which reduces the heat zda the Oia and reduces the reliability of the mounting frame. When wind load also decreases thermal protection of the building. The above leads to a higher cost of construction and operation, as well as lower reliability.

Known unit cannot provide the required stable insulating properties and sealing.

The present invention is to reduce the cost and time of installation of facade mounted fence and the cost of operation while improving thermal and acoustic insulation and reliability regardless of wind load and precipitation through the use of heat and sound insulating blocks, assembled at the factory with guaranteed quality.

The task in part hinged facade building fences is solved by the fact that the facade hinged fence building containing facade cladding and a heat insulating layer according to the invention is made of blocks, each of which contains a frame with fasteners and inner lining, forming together with facade cladding using a sealing material of a sealed cavity that is connected with the atmosphere through the channel and provided with at least one heat-shielding screen and at least two insulating layers, and the blocks are fastened to the building by means of supports, one end of which is rigidly connected with the frame of the building, the other - with the block.

The problem is solved also by the fact that the building frame can be formed beams and front supporting pillars, rigidly connected with the sills, and supports one end rigidly connected with beams and/or columns, and/or sills, and the other end protruding beyond the outer surface of the frame - block.

The problem is solved also by the fact that the other end supports may be in the form of a square with a focus and covers three sides of the corner block.

The problem is solved also by the fact that the other end supports may be made in the shape of cross with supports and covers three sides of the four corners of the blocks.

The problem is solved also by the fact that the other end supports can be made of the T-shaped with supports and covers three sides of the angles of the two blocks.

The problem is solved also by the fact that the frame unit in its corners can be connected with the lugs of the other ends of the supports.

The problem is solved also by the fact that the channel can be equipped with a filter, inlet and exhaust valves.

The problem is solved also by the fact that a sealed cavity is at least two units can be additionally connected.

The problem is solved also by the fact that the joints between the blocks can be placed seals.

P the set task is solved by the the seals can be made of the profile or of the sealing material and closed by the plates.

The task in part of the block hinged facade building fences is solved by the fact that the unit is hinged facade building fences, containing exterior and interior cladding, between which is placed a heat insulating layer according to the invention further comprises a frame with fasteners, forming together with exterior and interior facings using a sealing material of a sealed cavity that is connected with the atmosphere through the channel and provided with at least one heat-shielding screen and at least two insulating layers.

The problem is solved also by the fact that the inner surface of the frame may be closed by an insulated material.

The problem is solved also by the fact that the facade and interior lining may be made of moisture-impermeable material.

The problem is solved also by the fact that the facade and interior lining may be made of glass, and/or tiles and/or plastic and/or metal.

The problem is solved also by the fact that the block may be provided with a decorative element placed under the facade cladding made of glass.

The problem is solved also by the fact that FA is Edna the lining can be made of tiles with dimensions less than the dimensions of the block.

The problem is solved also by the fact that between the heat-shielding screens, exterior and interior trim can be installed separating the elements.

The problem is solved also by the fact that the heat shields can be made of a film material with a reflective coating and/or foil.

The problem is solved also by the fact that as one of the insulating layers may be used mineral wool.

The problem is solved also by the fact that the heat shields can be made of frames, closed on two sides of the film material with a reflective coating, which are space-deformed leaves, and the separating elements are made from space-deformed leaves.

The problem is solved also by the fact that between the frame and facade and inner facings can be located moisture-impermeable element.

Figure 1 presents the proposed facade hinged fence building.

Figure 2 is a view of a figure 1.

Figure 3 - frame with the proposed facade mounted fence.

Figure 4 - cross-section B-B figure 3.

Figure 5 - diagram of the mounting of the proposed block.

Figure 6 is a view In figure 5.

Figure 7 - proposed block hinged facade building fences.

On Fig - type G Fig.7.

Figure 9 - variation notable is imago block hinged facade building fences.

Figure 10 - type D Fig.9.

Figure 11 is a variant of the proposed unit hinged facade building fences.

On Fig - version of the proposed unit hinged facade building fences.

The proposed facade hinged enclosure (Fig.1-4) contains the fašade facing 1 and made of blocks 2, which are mounted on the building by means of supports 3, one end 4 is rigidly connected with the frame of the building, and the other 5 - unit 2. Bearing concrete frame can be formed beams 6, the supporting pillars 7 and front supporting pillars 8 are rigidly connected with the sills 9. Moreover, the supports 3 end 4 are rigidly connected with the beams 6 and/or 8 posts, and/or sills 9, and the end 5, the protruding beyond the outer surface of the frame, with unit 2. This corner unit 2 the end of the 5 pillars 3 (figure 5, 6) made in the form of a square with a focus 10 and covers the three sides of the corner block 2. For indoor units 2 end 5 of the supports 3 is made in the shape of cross with lugs 10 and covers the three sides of the four corners of the blocks 2. And for the peripheral units 2 end 5 of the supports 3 are T-shaped with the stops 10 and covers the three sides of the angles of the two blocks 2.

Proposed block of 2 (7-12) exterior hinged fence contains the fašade facing 1, the frame 11 and the inner cladding 12, forming together with the facade facing 1 by means of a sealing m the material 13 sealed cavity 14, which is connected with the atmosphere through the channel 15 and is provided with at least one heat-shielding screen 16 and at least two insulating layers. The distance between the facing 1, 12 can be up to 200 mm depending on the requirements for thermal protection of buildings and other conditions. The inner surface of the frame 11 (11) can be closed by an insulated material. In the variation between the frame 11, front and inner facings 1, 12 can be located moisture-impermeable element 17. Facade and interior lining 1, 12 can be made of moisture-impermeable material. Lining 1, 12 can be made of glass, and/or tiles and/or plastic and/or metal. In the case of execution of front casing 1 made of glass block may be provided with a decorative element 18 positioned below the facade cladding 1. Decorative element 18 can be made large or flat, as well as in colour. Posted under cladding 1 a decorative element 18 will not be covered with dirt and dust and decay from atmospheric moisture, which will allow to preserve its appearance. In a variant on the fašade facing 1 can be pasted ceramics. In another embodiment (Fig.9) facade facing 1 can be made of tile 19, including a smaller block size 2. The joints 20 between the tiles 19 close the Xia sealing material 13. In the cavity 14 can be mounted bearings 21, which will provide strength, rigidity and tightness of the joints 20. Between the heat shields 16, facade and interior facings 1, 12 can be installed spacer elements 22. When this heat shields 16 may be made of a film material with a reflective coating and/or foil. As one of the insulating layers may be used mineral wool 23. Other insulating layers are air layers 24. In the embodiment, the heat shields 16 (Fig) can be made of part 25, closed on two sides of the film material with a reflective coating, which are space-deformed leaves 26 and spacer elements 22 are made from space-deformed sheets 26.

When installing the unit 2 (Fig 1, 5, 6) on the frame of the building frame 11 of block 2 in its corners may be bonded with supports 10 all 5 legs 3 by using, for example, holes 27 in the lugs 10 and item 28 attachment. In joints 29 between blocks 2 can be placed seal 30, which may be relevant or of the sealing material and closed by the plates 31.

Channel 15, through which the cavity 14 of each block 2 is connected with the atmosphere, may be provided with a filter 32, the intake and exhaust valves 33, 34. When this cavity 14 and m is Nisha least two blocks of 2 (Fig) can be additionally connected with each other and then with channel 15.

To improve thermal and sound properties of the building between floors 6 (1) and blocks 2 can be located heat and sound insulating material 35. Under the window sill 9 can be set window-sill Board 36, preventing the destruction of the inner lining 12 of block 2, organizing air circulation and improve fire safety.

During the reconstruction of the old building bearing concrete frame can be performed around the reconstructed building.

Block Assembly 2 can be carried out in the factory. Conveyor manufacturing units 2 when mass production is easily rebuilt. The weight block 2 can vary from 25 to 40 kg/m2. Light weight block 2 allows to provide mobility in the manufacture and installation. A high degree of airtightness and thermal protection block 2, the ability to minimize the influence of thermal conductivity on the block 2, as well as thermal bridges allows you to use 2 blocks for the construction of energy efficient housing and thereby reduce heat loss in a residential complex and increase the comfort in the room.

Mounting blocks 2 (1, 5, 6) on the frame of the building due to their small weight can be performed with 6 floors. When installing the unit 2 corners of his frame 11 are pressed against the stops 10 all 5 legs 3, which cover three sides of each corner of the block 2. At the butt-the x frame 11 in its corners may be provided for supporting seats 37. The speakers support 3 ends 5 interact with the supporting seats 37. After installing the 2 blocks on the protruding support 3 they are drawn to the lugs 10 through the openings 27 in the lugs 10 and item 28 attachment. Between the support seats 37 and the ends 5 of the supports 3 can be installed strip of insulating materials. Through the support 3 on the frame transmitted to the weight of the block 2 and wind loads on it.

During operation facade mounted fence when the pressure in the cavity 14 of block 2 below atmospheric opens the inlet valve 33, and it will flow through the filter 32, the air from the environment. When the pressure in the cavity 14 of block 2 above atmospheric opens the exhaust valve 34, and out through the channel 15 will be leaving the air in the atmosphere. The pressure difference between the air inside and outside the cavity 14 of block 2 is practically zero.

Thus, the proposed group of inventions can provide a high integrity and reliability of the front fence, which increases the degree of heat and zvukostudiy buildings, but also creates the opportunity for line production of front fencing in the factory, and has reduced the cost of manufacture and operation.

1. Exterior hinged fence building containing facade cladding and heat insulating layer, characterized in that h is on it is made of blocks, each of which contains a frame with fasteners and inner lining, forming together with facade cladding using a sealing material of a sealed cavity that is connected with the atmosphere through the channel and provided with at least one heat-shielding screen and at least two insulating layers, and the blocks are fastened to the building by means of supports, one end of which is rigidly connected with the frame of the building, and the other with a block.

2. The fence according to claim 1, characterized in that the frame of the building is formed by overlapping and front supporting pillars, rigidly connected with the sills, and supports one end rigidly connected with beams and/or columns, and/or sills, and the other end protruding beyond the outer surface of the frame, with the block.

3. The fence according to claim 2, characterized in that the other end supports are made in the form of a square with a focus and covers three sides of the corner block.

4. The fence according to claim 2, characterized in that the other end supports are made in the shape of cross with supports and covers three sides of the four corners of the blocks.

5. The fence according to claim 2, characterized in that the other end supports are made of T-shaped supports and covers three sides of the angles of the two blocks.

6. The fence on any of PP 5, characterized in that the frame unit in its corners, fastened with supports other concolor.

7. The fence according to claim 1, characterized in that the channel is equipped with a filter, inlet and exhaust valves.

8. The fence according to claim 1 or 7, wherein the sealed cavity of at least two additional blocks are interconnected.

9. The fence according to claim 1, characterized in that the joints between the blocks placed seals.

10. The fence according to claim 9, characterized in that the seal is made of the profile or of the sealing material and closed by the plates.

11. Block hinged facade building fences, containing exterior and interior cladding, between which is placed a heat-insulating layer, characterized in that it further comprises a frame with fasteners, forming together with exterior and interior facings using a sealing material of a sealed cavity that is connected with the atmosphere through the channel and provided with at least one heat-shielding screen and at least two insulating layers.

12. The block of claim 11, wherein the inner surface of the frame is closed by an insulated material.

13. The block of claim 11 or 12, characterized in that the facade and interior lining made of moisture - impermeable material.

14. Unit 13, characterized in that the facade and interior lining made of glass, and/or tiles and/or plastic, and/or the metal.

15. Unit 14, characterized in that it is provided with a decorative element placed under the facade cladding made of glass.

16. Unit 14, characterized in that the facade is made of tiles with dimensions less than the dimensions of the block.

17. The block of claim 11, characterized in that between the heat-shielding screens, exterior and interior facings installed separation elements.

18. Unit 17, characterized in that the heat shields are made of a film material with a reflective coating and/or foil.

19. The block of claim 11, wherein one of the insulating layers used mineral wool.

20. Unit 17, characterized in that the heat shields are made of frames, closed on two sides of the film material with a reflective coating, which are space-deformed leaves, and the separating elements are made from space-deformed leaves.

21. The block of claim 11, characterized in that between the frame and facade and the inner lining is moisture - impermeable element.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.

SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.

EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.

4 cl, 3 dwg

The invention relates to the field of construction, namely the construction of multilayer glazing

The invention relates to the field of construction and is intended to improve the thermal performance of building envelopes of residential and public buildings and structures, as well as improve their appearance

The invention relates to the field of construction and is designed for fastening cladding of buildings and structures, including ventilated facades

The invention relates to the construction

The invention relates to the field of construction and can be used to create the outer insulating and protective coatings during construction of new and the renovation of existing buildings and structures, namely for the implementation of the outer insulation with a thin layer of plaster on heater

The invention relates to the construction and repair of buildings and constructions of civil, industrial and agricultural purposes, in particular to systems fencing buildings with insulation and finishing of external walls and facades

The invention relates to the field of construction, and more specifically to the construction of floors, walls, ceilings, and relates to a method of fastening wooden boards

The invention relates to the field of construction and can be used for insulation and decorative facing inner and outer surfaces as constructed and maintained buildings

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.

SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.

EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.

SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.

EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.

14 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members, fastening members and a number of support units. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each load-bearing member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Bottom part of load-bearing U-shaped profile is provided with at least three elongated orifices for load-bearing profile connection to support unit and for hanging member connection to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile. Orifices in end plate, hanging member and load-bearing U-shaped profile are similar in shape. Load-bearing U-shaped profile orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing U-shaped profile.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging.

5 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises parallel carrying profiles each formed of metal or polymeric material by extrusion operation or by sheet material bending. Each profile has hollow post. Orifices to connect carrying profiles to bearing structure are formed in carrying profile base. The carrying profile base also has clamp. Opposite side of the base is defined by partitions having free ends creating gap along carrying profile of the second post. Partitions are located between carrying profile posts and extend transversely to the posts. The partitions are made as posts of carrying profile having H-shaped cross-section and located between the posts. Posts of H-shaped carrying profile are defined by flanges and post of thrust profiles having U-shaped cross sections connecting the flanges. The thrust profiles face cladding panels by opened cavities thereof. Free end of each flange defined by thrust profile cross-section is bent inside the cavity so that acute angle is created in-between. Extensions of longitudinal mounting profile ridges are arranged between trust profile bends. The mounting profile has longitudinal extensions. Mounting profile strip touches free end of each mounting profile flange at bends. Longitudinal extension of face side ribs are directed one towards another. Adjacent cladding panels create cladding panel fixing profile at joint between grooves thereof in which longitudinal mounting profile rib extension are inserted.

EFFECT: simplified facing structure, increased manufacturability, reduced labor inputs for facing structure assemblage, prevention of panels to be connected misalignment.

10 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: support panel has rectangular shape and is provided with four fastening members arranged on inner surface thereof. The fastening members are made as mounting hooks formed so that distance between inner panel surface and hook end L is equal to heat insulation layer thickness H. Horizontal and vertical distances between the hooks correspond to distance between ears connected to load-bearing structure of building.

EFFECT: simplified structure and assembly operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used for external system of heat protection (ventilated facades) and it is intended for forming external wall enclosures with increased thermo-technical characteristics. Method includes preliminary mounting of window modules a t construction site, height of modules doesn't exceed three floors; window modules are built in form of frame carcasses. Window modules are mounted in form of frame carcass of design architectural window opening. Then vertical beacons are mounted later along line of designed joints of wall enclosures, while taking compensation spaces in mentioned joints into account, and along line of side slopes of designed window openings. Openings disposed in relation to vertical beacons are marked and drilled in coverings for making fixing units; fixing units are mounted in pairs and tied together preliminary by threaded pins through openings in support paws of units and openings in coverings. Pullout console are removed outside contours of coverings. Separate posts and window modules are mounted in fixing units due to bringing openings in embrace fork of fixing unit with corresponding oval openings at ends of separate posts and posts of window modules and they are fastened by threaded connection. Compensation spaces are provided at edges of posts at level of coverings b subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift. Plane of façade is graded due to subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift at direction being perpendicular to plane of façade. Designed joints of wall enclosures and side slopes of designed architectural window openings relatively vertical beacons are checked through horizontal shift of separate posts and window modules. Fixing units are coupled finally by means of thread pins through additional fixing openings inside their carrier consoles and through preliminary drilled openings in coverings. Horizontal beacons are installed on line of top and low slides of designed architectural window openings. Reliability of horizontal tying of window openings is inspected due to sifting horizontal cross stapling along posts of window modules. Window units are installed inside designed architectural window openings and inter-level wall enclosures are formed by fixing sandwich-type panels to back sides of separate posts and posts of window modules due to L-shaped fixing elements and self-tapping screws. Then inter-level gaps among wall enclosures are made habitable to winter due to fixing warm-keeping stuff by plate dowels to coverings at side of faced; then members for fixing facing are mounted. Device for realization of the method is also described.

EFFECT: quicker mounting and dismounting of wall enclosures; higher efficiency of warming.

7 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly for tile laying on wall enclosures, namely on vented facades, to create relief architecture compositions (architectural orders) arranged in single plane.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises the first facing tile set including tiles having flat interior surfaces, which define common facade plane. Facing structure includes horizontal profiles fastened to vertical ones and connection members, which are secured to vertical profiles and provide visible or concealed facing tile connection. The connection members fix upper, lower tile parts or two adjacent tiles. Facing structure also comprises support flanges of tile edge fastening members. Tile edge fastening members adapted for concealed tile fastening are to be inserted in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The facing structure additionally has arch module projecting out of common building facade plane. The arch module is preliminarily assembled at building site and retained over arch formed in building wall by means of anchoring bolts passing through orifices of the supports. The facing structure also has the second tile set including tiles projecting out of common facade plane and having different cross-sections. Edges of the second tiles are supported by support flanges, which provide visible or concealed tile connection and have similar grooves adapted to receive wings of fastening members for concealed tile fastening. Arch module including facing tiles, connection members for visible or concealed tile connection, which secure lower tile parts and two adjacent tiles, and support flanges for tile edge fixation. The support flanges, which provide concealed tile fastening pass in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The arch module is made as frame including holders with box-like cross-sections and connected one with another by means of stiffening components. The holders have support for holder connection to wall. At least two members to secure lower tile parts and at least one member to retain two adjacent tiles are fastened to facial holder sides and define pockets for radially formed tiles receiving made in exterior frame part between the holders. Members for lower tile part fixation extend along longitudinal holder axes. Members for simultaneous fastening of two adjacent tiles are transversal to longitudinal holder axes.

EFFECT: possibility to change appearance of buildings including ones having arch openings.

5 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly coverings or linings, for instance, for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: composite bracket comprises holder connected to building wall and provided with longitudinal guiders. The holder is adapted to fix reinforcing member from building wall side. The reinforcing member is made as box with flanges having rounded ends and extending vertically upwards and downwards with respect to the holder. Oval orifices are made in upper and lower parts of box wall. Oval orifices have major axes extending in horizontal plane. Box is provided with sub-stamping located in area of box joining with holder. The sub-stamping extends for holder end wall thickness and provides close fitting of outer box wall and outer holder end surface to building wall.

EFFECT: increased strength, reliability, air-tightness and rigidity of hanged panel connection to building wall.

4 dwg

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