Transportation power system

FIELD: transportation power systems.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system includes transport facilities, captive balloon, captive cable used for holding and guiding the transport facilities and wind-power electric stations mounted on captive balloon and used for motion of transport facilities. Captive cable is provided with two (or more) current conductors fastened with insulating layers made from high-strength material. Each current conductor is located in vertical longitudinal plane and is fastened to ends of captive cable through insulating layers and is connected with respective wind-power electric station. Outer surfaces of current conductors located in vertical longitudinal planes are provided with current-conducting wear-resistance coats.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency and reliability of system in upper layers of troposphere.

2 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to air transport-energy systems that contain vehicles, tethered balloons, installed in the upper troposphere, tie ropes, restraints, and guides vehicles, wind turbines, mounted on a tethered balloon and designed to ensure the movement of vehicles.

A device containing a tethered balloon [(19) RU (1) N 2028249 (13) C1 (46), 1995], telescopic rod and fastened braces.

The disadvantages of this device are the complexity and the large weight of the structure and, consequently, the inability to raise such a device windfarms in the upper troposphere, where the maximum wind energy potentials to carry the suspension of the vehicle and to supply them with electric power.

Known installation for transporting goods [(19) RU(11)N 2072927 (13) C1 (46), 1997], where tethered balloons keep tethered cables, carrying the rope with moving it cargo carriage and system snatch ropes.

The disadvantages of this setup are a lot of weight ropes and ropes and the lack of supply of electric energy suspension vehicles.

Known installation using tethered balloons, so-called hot air e is christania [(19) RU (11) N 2018761 (13) C1 (46) 1994], taken as a prototype, where the balloon is fixed to the duct and the ropes to the ground. This facility due to the complexity and unreliability of the design has low efficiency when used in the upper troposphere and the unsuitability securely carry and direct the suspension of the vehicle and to ensure their movement.

We offer transport and energy system has increased efficiency and reliability when it is used in the upper troposphere and able to carry and direct the suspension of the vehicle and to ensure their movement.

This is achieved by the fact that the transport and energy system, containing vehicles, tethered balloon, tie the rope, designed to hold and guide vehicles, wind turbines, mounted on a tethered balloon and designed to ensure the movement of vehicles, equipped with a tethered by a rope, made with two or more conductors, bonded with electrically insulating layers made of materials with high specific strength, each of the conductors is located in the vertical longitudinal plane or near its attached to the tips tie a rope through the electrically insulating layers and connected to the corresponding wind power station.

On exterior surfaces that is of provodov, located in the vertical longitudinal plane, or near it, is firmly fixed conductive wear resistant coating.

Improved efficiency and reliability of the proposed transport and energy systems is achieved by the fact that it contains a tethered rope holding a tethered balloon to host wind farms in the upper troposphere, where the greatest wind energy potential, retain and guide the vehicle, which is made with two or more conductors made of conductive materials with high specific strength, such as carbon fibers, and bonded with electrically insulating layers made of materials with high specific strength, such as glass fibers, by means of glue, for example a polyacrylate, and attached through electrically insulating layers, such as rubber, durable, for example steel, tips, and through the model of the tire to wind power facilities. Each of the conductors is located in the vertical longitudinal plane or close to it, i.e. in the plane of gravity of the vehicle, which allows you to have reliable contact carrying current rollers with conductors to provide electrical power to these tools from the respective wind power.

Increased reliability in the content and direction of vehicles, and protection of conductors against wear and erosion is achieved by the presence of conductive wear resistant coating.

Figure 1 shows the transport and energy system, containing a tethered balloon, fixed him tie the rope, wind farms and suspension of the vehicle.

Figure 2 shows a tethered rope and suspended vehicle in a transverse section.

Tethered balloon 1 (Figure 1), including mounted thereon wind farms 2 and 3 of known construction, for example orthogonal, is held in the upper troposphere using a tethered rope 4 with lugs 5, secured via fasteners 6 to tie the balloon 1 and through the attachment points 7 to a ground anchor station 8. To tie the rope 4 movably fixed vehicle 9 of known construction, equipped with electric motors. Tie the rope 4 (Figure 2) is made of two conductors 10 and 11, is placed in a vertical longitudinal plane, firmly attached to the lugs 5 through electrically insulating layers 12, 13 and connected to the wind power facilities 2, 3 through a standard bus 14, 15, and electrically insulating layers 16 are firmly attached to the tip 5 a tethered rope 4 in the horizontal plane and connected with the conductors 10 and 11. In the proposed design tie Kahn is the 4 conductors 10 and 11 are made of carbon fibers, having conductive properties and high specific strength and firmly bonded together polyacrylic adhesive with the addition of graphite powder.

Electrically insulating layers 16 are made of optical fibers having electrical insulating properties, high specific strength and bonded together, with the conductors 10, 11 and 5 tips acrylic glue.

On the outer surfaces of the conductors 10 and 11 is firmly fixed conductive wear resistant coating 17 and 18.

Conductive wear resistant coating 17 and 18 are made of diamond films with graphite firmware on a conductive substrate and secured to the outer surfaces of the conductors 10 and 11 using polyacrylic adhesive with graphite powder.

To tie the rope 4 (figure 1 and figure 2) movably fixed vehicle 9 through the conductive supporting the drive rollers 19, 20 and the retaining rollers 21, 22, which are mechanically and electrically connected with the motor through the onboard control system of the vehicle 9.

Transport and energy system (Figure 1) after installation and verification on the ground on a tethered balloon 1 windfarms 2 and 3, tie rope 4 and other equipment is installed in a working position by lifting the balloon 1 to tension tie Cana is a 4 and install it at a given altitude. Then spin up wind farms 2 and 3 under the influence of wind pressure of the upper layers of the troposphere is produced of their electrical energy and fed through a tethered rope 4 in the suspension of the vehicle 9, permitting its movement.

1. Transport and energy system, containing vehicles, tethered balloon, tie the rope, designed to hold and guide vehicles, wind turbines, mounted on a tethered balloon and designed to ensure the movement of vehicles, characterized in that the tie rope made with two or more conductors, bonded with electrically insulating layers of material with high strength, each of the conductors is located in the vertical longitudinal plane, attached to the tips tie a rope through the electrically insulating layers and connected to the corresponding wind power station.

2. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that on the outer surfaces of the conductors located in the vertical longitudinal plane, firmly fixed conductive wear resistant coating.



 

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