Complex for people rescue

FIELD: life saving equipment, particularly for rescuing people from water surface.

SUBSTANCE: complex comprises air-borne vehicle with rescuing cable having fastening device for securing people to be rescued thereto. Fastening device is made as pieces of cable having lesser diameter. Lower ends of cable pieces are fixedly connected to rescuing cable, upper ends thereof are secured to elongated sleeves movably connected to rescuing cable. Rescuing cable is wound on reel secured to frame inside air-borne vehicle. Reel is driven with winch through gearing. Complex also has transparent inflatable rubber balloons secured to necks provided with safety hooks engaging loops of elongated sleeves connected to rescuing cable. Balloon necks are made as two containers connected one to another by threaded connection through transition member having threads on both ends thereof. One container is air-tight, filled with compressed air and has thin diaphragm. The second container has dry electric power source and light bulb with socket having longitudinal groove. Transition member comprises needle with inner channel for diaphragm piercing.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of people rescuing.

3 cl, 9 dwg

 

The invention relates to techniques for the rescue of persons in distress.

Famous rescue device for the rescue of persons in distress, such as devices for the delivery of throwing all while saving on fire, containing balloons, adjusting coil with brakes and cables. Also known rescue device consisting of a rope, which is fixed to the bags, reinforced by transverse straps.

The disadvantages of the known devices are complex design and large amount of time to bring the device to a working state.

Closest to the proposed technical substance is complex, including aircraft, carrying rescue rope with a device for securing salvation, made in the form of segments of a rope of smaller diameter, the lower ends of which are fixed to the rope via a coupling, mounted on the rescue rope is stationary, and the upper ends fixed through the clutch, mounted on the rescue rope movably (SU 556817 A1, 05.05.1977).

A disadvantage of the known solution is that when it is used pieces of rope can cause damage to people, in addition, it is not useful to rescue drowning people.

The problem to which this invention is directed, is to create a rescue complex, the FPIC of the service to provide quick support to the victims, keeping the surface of the water, to make them rise in the aircraft and transported in a safe place.

The technical result achieved by the invention is the ability to provide effective, rapid assistance to people on the surface of the water.

This technical result is achieved by the fact that in the complex for the salvation of people, including aircraft, carrying rescue rope with a device for securing salvation, made in the form of segments of a rope of smaller diameter, the lower ends of which are fixed to the rope via a coupling, mounted on the rescue rope is stationary, and the upper ends fixed through the clutch, mounted on the rescue rope movably, according to the invention the lower ends fixed through the short sleeves and the top - through the long, rescue rope wound on a drum mounted on the frame, installed in the hull, the drive of the drum is made through the tooth transfer from the winch, where the device has a transparent inflatable rubber balls attached to the necks, equipped with a carabiner for fastening with eyelets long sleeves lifeline, while the neckline balls made in the form of two containers connected to each other by a threaded connection through the transition ele is UNT, with carving on both sides, one of which is airtight containers filled with compressed air and has a thin membrane, and the second container has a dry source of electric current and the electric light bulb, a cartridge which is made with a longitudinal cutout, with the transition element has a needle with an internal channel to pierce the membrane.

Walls are transparent balls after they fill the air with a reddish color.

Base with a drum and winch made collapsible.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows a complex rescue rope which is partially placed on the surface of the water; figure 2 is one of the sections of the rescue rope stretched along the rope loops; figure 3 is a longitudinal section (enlarged); figure 4 is a view of the section with loose hinges; figure 5 is a view of a blank transparent rubber balls; figure 6 - type of frame drum and drive winch installed in the hull; 7, same, side view; Fig - light with Chuck, able to move along the longitudinal axis; figure 9 is a view of the complex, where the aircraft is used the airship.

Complex for the salvation of mankind is the aircraft 1, the suspension rope 2 with a device for securing salvation, made in the form of segments of rope 3 of smaller diameter is RA, the lower ends of which are attached to the rope after a short coupling 4, mounted on the rescue rope is stationary, and the upper ends are secured through long clutch 5, mounted on the rescue rope and movably held in by friction. Rescue rope wound on the drum 6, mounted on the frame 7 that is installed in the hull. The drive drum is made through the transmission gear 8 from reversible winch 9. The complex has a transparent inflatable, such as rubber balls 10 attached to the necks with carbines 11 for fastening with eyelets 12 long sleeves 5 lifeline. Throat balls made in the form of two containers 13, 14 are connected to each other by a threaded connection through the transition element 15 having a thread and an elastic annular gasket 30 on both sides. One of the containers 13 is sealed, filled with compressed air and has a thin membrane 16, and the second tank 14 has a dry source of current 17 and the light bulb 18, the cartridge 19 which is made with a longitudinal cut-out 20. Transition element 15 has a needle 21 with the internal channel to pierce the membrane 16.

Walls are transparent balls after filling their air with a reddish color.

The bed 7 of the drum 6 and the winch 9 is movable. Long clutch 5 is made flexible, for example of tiny, that allows them, straining to pass a wide trench roller 22, mounted on the frame 7. Through the groove of the roller pass limit and clarify the couplings 5, which contain metal washers 23, through which saved breaks from the ends of the sleeves 5 and fixed them in pieces of rope 3.

Frame 7 has a roller 24 on which it can move relative to the hatch 25 closed doors 26. The transfer occurs on rails (not shown) when the position of the bed should be changed in connection with the use of the aircraft for other purposes. Part of the spermatic cord 3, forming a hanging loop, covered face 27 of flexible heat resistant material, which significantly thickens the cross section of the loops of rope and helps to reduce injuries that may be obtained which is fixed on the rope people in a panic. The complex has an air-tight container 28 with light and sound intermittent emitters, which helps to pay attention in distress on the descent from the top of lifeline and also helps to focus the crew of the aircraft.

As the aircraft can be used for modern, reliable managed airship (Fig.9), in the replacement block 29 which put a frame 6 with spokeman rope.

Rescue complex works as follows : the m

A frame 7 with the drum 6 and the winch 9 is fixed in the body of the aircraft so that it was easy to take the victims on Board. If necessary, a frame previously taken.

When the rescue people from the solid surface, for example with the ground flooded the island with flat roof of a skyscraper, with ice, with the mountain range, the clearing of forest on fire, etc., carbines 11 do not need to hang on lugs 12. This significantly reduces the time for filing a lifeline in distress. The rope can be lowered couplings 4, 5, stretched along the rope 1, i.e. in the position in which they were screw on the drum 6.

You can omit the rope with the already loose loops. In this case, after a long sleeve 5 from the roller 22, a work-rescuer during slow rotation of the drum by hand takes a long sleeve and a quick movement, overcoming the friction clutch 5 on rope 1, lowers her Muff down 5 up until the point with the clutch 4, strongly fastened with rope 1. This can be done during short stops winch.

During the ascent of the people attached to the rope, continuous winding of rope on the drum 6 is excluded. When approaching the open hatch 25 man, established on the loose loops of rope, proceed according to the circumstances. If the pose of the person does not obstruct free passage over open the first hatch 25, the winch off after the person is above the hatch. Then the hatch closed and by setting in place of the flap 26, help the victim to break free from loops. If the hatch approaching two, entrenched on the same hinges, then lift speed slowly dropping, help to advance through the hatch and the hatch closed, stopping the winch.

During the descent of the rope on water balls 10 pre-filled with air and carbines 11 as lowering rope in the water attach to the lugs 12. At night in the balls of light bulbs.

To fill the air ball 10, pull the threads of the transition element 15 on the thread of the container 13. In this case, the needle 21 pierce the membrane 16 and the compressed air through the channel in the needle fills the balloon. To light the bulb 18, the threads of the transition element pull on the threads of the container 14 as long as the gap in the chain of the dry element and the light bulb will not disappear.

On the rope it is advisable to pre-dissolve the loops that are on the surface of the water people could immediately swam up to the balls, to rely on the loop waiting for the lift.

The container 28 is attached to the rope always - and the descent of the rope into the water, and the descent on the firmament.

The proposed system allows to save people and with water, and land, to raise people on Board the aircraft, nahodyawegosya the air. Illuminated from the inside balls of reddish color visible on the surface of the water at night, which facilitates distress to find them and calm waters, and among the waves, makes it easier to navigate in the environment and to the crew of the aircraft. Distress also help intermittent beeps.

Removable specialized unit of the modern airship may have a significantly large area for the frame of the winch, to accommodate injured people, to provide them with first aid, for storing already inflated and prepared for launching balls for placing powerful motorgenerator, which power the winch, light balls, for a powerful pendant spotlights or floodlights that illuminate the scene during the hovering airship over him.

1. Complex for the salvation of people, including aircraft, carrying rescue rope with a device for securing salvation, made in the form of segments of a rope of smaller diameter, the lower ends of which are fixed to the rope via a coupling, mounted on the rescue rope is stationary, and the upper ends fixed through the clutch, mounted on the rescue rope is movable, characterized in that the lower ends fixed through the short sleeves and the top - through the long, rescue rope wound on the drum, zakreplennymi frame, installed in the hull, the drive of the drum is made through the transmission gear from the winch, the device has a transparent inflatable rubber balls attached to the necks, equipped with a carabiner for fastening with eyelets long sleeves rescue rope, throat balls made in the form of two containers connected to each other by a threaded connection through a transition element having threads on both sides, one is airtight containers filled with compressed air and has a thin membrane, and the second container has a dry source of electric current and the electric light bulb, a cartridge which is made with a longitudinal cut, the transition element has a needle with an internal channel to pierce the membrane.

2. The complex according to claim 1, characterized in that the transparent wall balls after they fill the air with a reddish color.

3. The complex according to claim 1, characterized in that the base drum and the winch is movable.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: life-saving equipment, particularly for rescuing people from ablaze multi-story buildings.

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10 cl, 11 dwg

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