Emergency evacuation device

FIELD: life-saving equipment, particularly for rescuing people from ablaze multi-story buildings.

SUBSTANCE: device includes pulley having body and lid. Embedded into body and lid is reel with flexible member connected thereto by one end and wound round the reel. Reel is secured to body and lid by means of fixed pins and hinges. Device also has rotary reel actuator and braking means adapted to perform operative control of reel torque. Connected to another flexible means end is safety hook. When rope unwinds from reel braking means actuates braking drum built in reel, two semi-rings located inside braking drum and cooperating with it, an joint pin and adjusting screw. Device is also provided with bandage secured to pulley body or to safety hook by shock. Shock has orifice formed as groove and is made of antifriction material. Device also includes automatic brake. The latter includes wedges, rotary disc installed in pulley body and cooperating with wedges by orifice edge, and pressing disc. Braking drum includes splines. Outer wedge surface is rounded and has radius equal to that or rotary disc orifice. Sides defining wedge have different lengths. Rotary reel actuator may rotate only in one direction.

EFFECT: increased reliability.

2 cl, 7 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of saving lives, in distress, for example, in case of fire in high-rise buildings.

Known lifting devices for carrying out rescue operations in high-rise buildings containing a telescopic boom with a support device mounted on a mobile chassis. Also known hand winches, consisting of two semi-bodies connected by bolts, drum, gears, brakes and drive.

The disadvantages of the known constructions are neoperativnost delivery, large size, low mobility, greater intensity and complexity in manufacturing.

Closest to the proposed device is an emergency tow truck to rescue people stranded in high-rise buildings, including the block in the housing and the cover which is on a stationary axle and the bearings are installed coil is wound with one end fixed thereto a flexible element, the rotation drive coil, brake with the operational regulation of the torque coil (SU 674749 A1, 25.07.1979).

The disadvantage of this device is its low reliability.

The problem to which this invention is directed, is the creation of a simple, reliable and safe to use, and most importantly, a small transportable towing of people who emergency situations.

Technical result achieved in the implementation of this invention is to improve the reliability of the tow truck.

This technical result is achieved by the fact that in an emergency tow truck to rescue people stranded in high-rise buildings, including the block in the housing and the cover which is on a stationary axle and the bearings are installed coil is wound with one end fixed thereto a flexible element, the rotation drive coil, brake with the operational regulation of the torque coil, according to the invention the flexible element is at the other end of the carabiner brake with the operational regulation of the torque on the coil by the gathering of the cable, including the brake drum built into the coil, two half rings inside the brake drum and interacting with him and pin and through balls, mounted in mutually perpendicular holes to the axis of the coil, with adjusting screw, while the tow truck is equipped with a brace attached to the housing unit or to a carabiner rope, nuts, made with a hole in the shape of the groove and made of antifriction material, automatic brake, includes wedges, fixed on the axis from an end face of the brake drum, a rotary disk mounted in the housing block based on the surface of the outer dia is the ETP of the rotating sleeve and the cooperating surface of the hole with the wedges of the brake drum, and ends with the brake discs, clamping the disc, and the brake drum is made slotted, two of which are for the end of the brake drum, interacting with the wedges, the outer surface of which is made round with a radius equal to the radius of the hole of the rotary disk, and sides forming a wedge, of different lengths, the drive coils are designed with one-way rotation.

As the flexible element can be used on the rope.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows emergency towing, General view; figure 2 is a top view, figure 3 - section a-a in figure 1; figure 4 is a cross-section B-B figure 3; figure 5 is a section G-g of figure 3; figure 6 - section b-b In figure 3; figure 7 - section d-D figure 5.

Emergency tow truck contains block 1, consisting of a body 2, a cover 3, mounted them on the axis 4 and bearings 5 coil 6, which is wound one end fixed to the flexible element, which you can use cable 7 having at the other end of the carabiner 8; actuator coil with gears 9, 10, the platen 11 in which is mounted the pawl 12, the spring 13, the screw 14 with a handle 15; brake operational manual adjustment of the torque on the coil 6, which includes the brake drum 16, the built-in coil 6, the two half rings 17 placed between the bearings 5, the pin 18, the balls 19, the adjusting screw 20, having on in the morning the end of the cylindrical 21 and 22 of the conical surface and the square 23 at its outer end, through which the leash 24 is also connected with immovable in the axial direction lamb 25 mounted on the axis 4, provided with a latch 26, which interacts with a ring gear 27 of the axle 4 and the fork 28 mounted thereon and included in the circular groove 29 axis 4; automatic brake, including wedges 30, fixed on the axis 31 from the end face of the brake drum 16 and spring-loaded to its lugs 32 and a spring 33 is mounted on the pins 34, the rotary disc 35 mounted on the bushings 36 in the housing 2, brake discs 37, clamping the disk 38, the screws 39 nuts 40; brace 41, attached, or to the handle 42 of the housing 2 or carbine 8 (indicated conventionally); block 43 attached to the housing 2.

Proposed construction of emergency towing allows you to quickly evacuate people from high-rise buildings in emergency situations.

1. Emergency tow truck to rescue people stranded in high-rise buildings, including the block in the housing and the cover which is on a stationary axle and the bearings are installed coil is wound with one end fixed thereto a flexible element, the rotation drive coil, brake with the operational regulation of the torque coil, characterized in that the flexible element is at the other end of the carabiner brake with the operational regulation of the torque on the coil by the gathering of the cable, including the brake drum, built-in AC the eyelet, two half rings inside the brake drum and interacting with him and pin, and through balls, mounted in mutually perpendicular holes to the axis of the coil, with adjusting screw, while the tow truck is equipped with a brace attached to the housing unit or to a carabiner rope, nuts, made with a hole in the shape of the groove and made of antifriction material, automatic brake, includes wedges, fixed on the axis from an end face of the brake drum, a rotary disk mounted in the housing block based on the surface of the outer diameter of the rotating sleeve and the cooperating surface of the hole with the wedges of the brake drum, and ends with brake discs, clamping the disc, and the brake drum is made slotted, two of which are for the end of the brake drum, interacting with the wedges, the outer surface of which is made round with a radius equal to the radius of the hole of the rotary disk, and sides forming a wedge, of different lengths, the drive coils are designed with one-way rotation.

2. Evacuator according to claim 1, characterized in that the flexible element using the rope.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: rescue equipment, in particular, apparatus for urgent descending of people in extreme situations.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has carrier casing with member for connecting to individual to be descended, power-type descending speed regulator comprising power block embraced with cable, rotary lever and sliding friction member. Carrier casing is made in the form of semi-circle adapted for arrangement in vertical plane and is equipped with slots for passage of cable through cavities thereof, and handle. Power block embraced with cable is rigidly fixed on rotary lever positioned for angular displacement relative to axis, arrangement along generatrix of cylindrical surface of carrier casing, and is equipped with self-braking screw-type descending mechanism. Descending mechanism has power screw with flywheel positioned at one end and semi-spherical member arranged at other end of power screw for contacting with semi-spherical receptacle at end of rotary lever, and threaded opening made in carrier casing wall and extending perpendicular to descending direction.

EFFECT: simplified construction and increased safety of descending of individual.

2 cl, 3 dwg

The invention relates to the field of lifting and transport machinery, namely, devices for emergency escape of personnel to high-rise buildings, structures, tower cranes

Rescue rope // 2232611

Rescue device // 2226414

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The invention relates to methods and devices for the salvation of interest, distress, and can be used during the rescue ships, submarines, aircraft and people

A release device // 2223802
The invention relates to a rescue technique, in particular to devices for lowering persons with brakes, sliding on the rope, and can be used as a device for lowering persons and loads when landing from a helicopter at a given altitude

Rescue device // 2223125

FIELD: rescue equipment, in particular, apparatus for urgent descending of people in extreme situations.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has carrier casing with member for connecting to individual to be descended, power-type descending speed regulator comprising power block embraced with cable, rotary lever and sliding friction member. Carrier casing is made in the form of semi-circle adapted for arrangement in vertical plane and is equipped with slots for passage of cable through cavities thereof, and handle. Power block embraced with cable is rigidly fixed on rotary lever positioned for angular displacement relative to axis, arrangement along generatrix of cylindrical surface of carrier casing, and is equipped with self-braking screw-type descending mechanism. Descending mechanism has power screw with flywheel positioned at one end and semi-spherical member arranged at other end of power screw for contacting with semi-spherical receptacle at end of rotary lever, and threaded opening made in carrier casing wall and extending perpendicular to descending direction.

EFFECT: simplified construction and increased safety of descending of individual.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: life-saving equipment, particularly for rescuing people from ablaze multi-story buildings.

SUBSTANCE: device includes pulley having body and lid. Embedded into body and lid is reel with flexible member connected thereto by one end and wound round the reel. Reel is secured to body and lid by means of fixed pins and hinges. Device also has rotary reel actuator and braking means adapted to perform operative control of reel torque. Connected to another flexible means end is safety hook. When rope unwinds from reel braking means actuates braking drum built in reel, two semi-rings located inside braking drum and cooperating with it, an joint pin and adjusting screw. Device is also provided with bandage secured to pulley body or to safety hook by shock. Shock has orifice formed as groove and is made of antifriction material. Device also includes automatic brake. The latter includes wedges, rotary disc installed in pulley body and cooperating with wedges by orifice edge, and pressing disc. Braking drum includes splines. Outer wedge surface is rounded and has radius equal to that or rotary disc orifice. Sides defining wedge have different lengths. Rotary reel actuator may rotate only in one direction.

EFFECT: increased reliability.

2 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: life saving equipment, particularly for rescuing people from water surface.

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EFFECT: increased efficiency of people rescuing.

3 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: rescuing equipment.

SUBSTANCE: device has rescuing cable having fastening device for securing people to be rescued thereto. Fastening device is made as pieces of cable having lesser diameter. Lower ends of cable pieces are fixedly connected to rescuing cable through couplings, upper ones are connected to the cable through couplings movably connected to rescuing cable. Lower ends are attached to the cable through short couplings, upper ends are connected to the cable through long ones. Pieces of cable having lesser diameter are provided with protective jackets made of reinforced heat-resistance threads with sleeving made of twisted basalt fiber. Short couplings are made of metal, long ones are formed of elastic material. Air-tight container with means emitting intermittent sound and light signals is connected to lower end of rescuing cable. Loop for suspending device by hook of air-borne vehicle winch is connected to upper end of rescuing cable.

EFFECT: increased efficiency.

3 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: rescuing equipment.

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EFFECT: reduced time of load delivering to people subjected to an accident.

2 cl, 6 dwg

Lowering device // 2261741

FIELD: rescue equipment, particularly for emergency lowering people or loads from tall objects.

SUBSTANCE: device has base with load fastening member and locking means for load lowering speed regulation secured to the base and cooperating with flexible member. The locking means is formed as rest and cam rotating around axis and having rotation lever connected thereto. Rest and cam are opposite one to another. Cam is provided with groove facing the rest. Device is also provided with limiter which prevents flexible member slipping during lowering operation and with rotary fixer having tooth installed to contact with arch-shaped groove. The groove is arranged in rotary fixer plane and bounded with rest. Angle of arch-shaped groove inclination is not less than cam stroke angle.

EFFECT: increased safety of lowering operation during device usage.

9 cl, 6 dwg

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SUBSTANCE: invention is used in fire fighting and rescuing operation for lifting firemen and fire fighting facilities and evacuation of humans from building and structures in emergency. Proposed device contains vehicle with outriggers, lifting-and-slewing device mounted on vehicle frame, set of telescopic sections installed on lifting-and-slewing device and mechanism for telescoping the sections. Working stage is mounted on front end face of end section, and cap is installed on guides of telescopic sections. Device is furnished also with cab lifting mechanism made in form of wire rope reeved sheaves installed on cab skeleton and on front end face of end section. One end of wire rope is secured on drum of cab lifting mechanism, and the other, on balancing drum which is connected with drum of section telescopic mechanism through gear train. Bottom of cab is furnished with opening hatch for securing emergency evacuation sleeve.

EFFECT: improved safety at fire fighting and rescuing.

8 dwg

FIELD: rescue equipment, particularly to evacuate people from multistory buildings in emergency.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises composite body with drum provided with rope and braking mechanism arranged in the body. Braking mechanism comprises gear ring having odd number of projections formed on inner drum rim, wedge-like double-armed pendulum, pendulum guides and members adapted to prevent resilient rebounding of pendulum in its extreme positions. The pendulum may reciprocate into the guides.

EFFECT: increased breaking reliability and simplified device structure.

2 dwg

FIELD: rescue equipment for helicopter cargo hoisting system.

SUBSTANCE: proposed rescue system includes cylindrical container, container retainers mounted on helicopter, winch and communication facilities for rescuers. Container has doorway and swivel panels with cone-shaped members at the ends. Rope of winch is secured to top of cone-shaped member of container. Container is provided with ballast weight mounted on side opposite to doorway. Helicopter is provided with instrument for measuring the mass and sensor engageable with winch rope; indicator of mass measuring device is mounted in pilot cabin. Rescue system is provided with rope cutter for release of container in an emergency.

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FIELD: rescue equipment, particularly equipment for emergency people group evacuation from elevated location.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises evacuation capsule provided with parachute and guiding means arranged at an angle one to another and adapted to support the capsule. The evacuation capsule has door openings, seats, seat safety belts, air bags and windows. The capsule also has self-braking system. Part of capsule bottom is made as anchoring plate, which may be removed from the capsule and lowered by ropes. In concordance with the second embodiment the capsule is provided with winch to pull ropes, which connect the capsule with the anchoring plate. In the third embodiment the device also has winch with pulls ropes connecting the capsule with the anchoring panel. In another embodiment device comprises air sleeve secured to guiding ropes and connected with evacuation capsule from the first end and with fan from the second end thereof. During fan operation the capsule moves out by filling the sleeve with air. The evacuation capsule, air sleeve and fan are installed in land-based structure. The capsule is provided with parachute and self-braking system. Methods of emergency evacuation from elevated locations and from television tower with the use of above device are also disclosed.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of emergency large people group evacuation.

10 cl, 11 dwg

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