Method of acceleration of spacecraft

FIELD: future space engineering; interstellar flights.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method is based on use of reactive thrust of spacecraft rocket engines in their maneuvering in gravity field of black hole. Kerr (rotating) black hole, i.e. its ergosphere may be selected for the purpose. Several separate spacecraft are directed in succession to gravity field of black hole ensuring stable exchange of information among them (for example, by radio or light channel). Provision is made for acceleration of spacecraft to relativistic speeds and obtaining information on effect of such speeds and accelerations on physical processes, equipment and living beings (at safe flying out of sphere of influence of black hole), as well as verification of theories of black holes.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

 

The present invention relates to the field of Astronautics and interstellar flight.

Known methods of acceleration (change in speed and direction, braking - like motion with negative acceleration) spacecraft (automatic or manned space station, a ship, probe), including correction of the trajectory of their flight thrust rocket engines and gravitational fields of the Earth, moon, Sun and planets of the solar system. For example: correction of the trajectory of the flight series interplanetary stations “Moon”, launched in the Soviet Union since 1959, see Great Soviet encyclopedia, T.15, p.63, M. “Soviet encyclopedia”, 1974.

If the first generation of automatic interplanetary stations (AWSs) was made a flight from the Earth to the moon without first launch of an artificial earth satellite (AES), without correction of the trajectory and inhibition in the circumlunar space, then launches AMC's second generation was used more sophisticated methods of preliminary launch into orbit satellites, starting with this orbit towards the moon, the correction of the trajectory of the flight in the gravitational field of the Earth and the moon and active maneuvers (braking) in an orbit of the moon.

So, for example, adjusting the trajectory of the automatic interplanetary station “Luna-20”, Apuseni 14.02.72, and 18.02.72, translated into circular selenocentric orbit, see Great Soviet encyclopedia, T.15, p.65, M. “Soviet encyclopedia”, 1974, included the use of acceleration motion stations thrust rocket engines and the gravitational field is generated by natural satellite of the Earth - the Moon.

The disadvantages of these methods are limited opportunities for acceleration of the spacecraft caused by the weakness of the gravitational fields of space objects: the Earth and moon. It is not possible to accelerate them to relativistic (comparable to the speed of light in vacuum (C) speed, to observe and to use those physical phenomena which are not very noticeable when moving the apparatus with the conventional space velocities, see, for example, Logunov A.A. lectures on theory of relativity and gravitation: a Modern analysis of the problem. - M.:Nauka. CH. nat. Ed.-Mat. lit., 1987.

The closest analogue to the invention (the prototype) are described in the book Ukoumunne Cosmic frontiers of General relativity. “The WORLD”. M. 1981 move with accelerations spacecraft (spacecraft) near the black hole.

The disadvantages of the prototype should include the conditional nature of the described movements. Known from the prior art, if you understand that actually created the design, and not schematic reactive DV the circulation spacecraft (spacecraft), do not allow it describes the move, since this requires a private jet engines of the spacecraft had informed him of acceleration, comparable with relativistic. Furthermore, the method selected as the prototype does not provide for the collection and transmission of information with accelerated spacecraft (spacecraft). As already noted, the description is tentative and data collection carried out directly by the crew accelerated the spacecraft, which is practically impossible, because it is exposed to unnecessary risk and death in the gravitational field of a black hole with the loss while all of the information collected.

The purpose and effect of the invention is the acceleration of the motion of the spacecraft to a speed comparable with the speed of light in vacuum C and obtain information about the influence of such accelerations on physical processes, technical equipment and laboratory animals, they are. In the absence of such information are currently under development theory, see, for example, Jugs YOU Possible five-dimensional geometry (Collection of articles), 2nd ed., Biysk. Publishing house “Cedar”, 2001, are deprived of experimental confirmation, which inevitably inhibits their further development.

The essence of the claimed techniqueschristina is what messages the spacecraft acceleration comparable to a relativistic, gravitational field of a black hole consistently send several separate spacecraft, providing between them a steady exchange of information, at least from the first spacecraft to follow.

One of the embodiments of the proposed method of accelerating the motion of the spacecraft can be accelerated in the field of ergosphere Kerr black hole like object, the most suitable for the implementation of the proposed method, since in this region the most likely message the spacecraft significant acceleration with a higher probability of preservation of information obtained under the following conditions:

a) at least one of the spacecraft (for example, the last - with all collected data) away from the gravitational field of a black hole until they reach relativistic velocities, this can be done using the rocket engines of the spacecraft;

b) the trajectory of the spacecraft in the field of the Kerr black hole is chosen without crossing the event horizon - otherwise there will be exchange of information, as part of the spacecraft will go into other universes and information from them will be lost.

The proposed method does not require DL is its implementation of technical developments and solutions, not known from the level of development of space technology, the currently achieved. Jet engines, spacecraft, sequentially directed in the gravitational field of a black hole, can be an ordinary known chemical liquid or solid, as the effect of accelerating to a speed comparable with the speed of light in vacuum, is achieved solely through use of the gravitational field of a black hole. And known methods of space communications (radio, lights) can provide a steady exchange of information between them.

All this allows to implement the proposed solution is to study the effect of acceleration up to relativistic speeds on physical processes, space equipment and experimental living organisms and can greatly expand our knowledge about the structure of space and accelerate the development of Astronautics in the field of interstellar flight.

Way to accelerate the motion of the spacecraft using own thrust rocket engines in the gravitational field of a black hole, characterized in that the gravitational field of a black hole consistently send several separate spacecraft, providing between them a steady exchange of information.



 

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