Light diode lamp

FIELD: engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has block for connection to AC current source, converter for forming a DC current source and light diode group, consisting of multiple light diodes. Light diode group is provided with block for prior telling of service duration, including counter for measuring power-on period on basis of frequency of AC current source, integration device for power feeding, which is measured by counter, and for recording integrated value in energy-independent memory device and device for controlling power feeding mode for controlling light level of diodes in different modes, including normal lighting modes. Prior messaging block is meant for integration of power-on period for output of forwarding message, indicating approach of service duration end.

EFFECT: broader functional capabilities.

10 cl, 2 dwg

 

Background of invention

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates to an led lamp that uses led high power light as a light source. In particular, the invention first determines and declares the period of operation of the led and informs its replacement time.

Description technical field related to the subject of the application

With the appearance on the market of led blue illumination high intensity moved to the stage of practical application as a normal light equipment led lamp, representing the collected set of LEDs of red, green and blue glow, which is driven by the AC power source of the industrial type. Compared with incandescent lamp or fluorescent lamp led bulbs have many advantages. Therefore, the led lamp should be widely spread.

While the led lamp has a much longer service life compared with incandescent lamp and fluorescent lamp, it still has a limited service life. Considering household use led bulbs or use it as a lighting equipment in public places, such as offices, stations and the like, when should the mother, its time compared to incandescent or fluorescent lamp. Therefore, a normal customer would be difficult to decide when to replace after the end of the service life of led lamps. Even though the led lamp has a very long service life, it would be obvious and practically convenient to determine the time of choosing the replacement time individually to notify the Manager.

Summary of the invention

The present invention was created in view of the above need. Therefore, the aim of the present invention is integrated into lamp functions notice of end-of-life led lamp itself, and the implementation of led lamps having the same function using a simple and inexpensive structure.

A feature of the present invention is that the led lamp system contains

block, connecting a source of AC power, for receiving AC power;

transforming the source unit for receiving AC voltage and rectifying the received AC power to a source of DC power;

led the group consisting of a set of LEDs and receiving the output DC signal from the conversion of part of the power source and led grouppanel part of the preliminary informing of life for the integration period of power supply for the issuance of the notice, pointing to the approaching end of service life, with some notice of the period of service includes

counting means for measuring the period of power supply to the frequency source of AC power,

integrating means for integrating period of power supply, measured by the counting means, and storing the integrated values in the volatile memory and means for controlling the mode of power supply for lighting control (glow) LEDs in various modes, including a normal mode of illumination, and means for controlling the mode of power supply is sensitive to the integrated value of the integrating means exceeds a specified criterion (threshold) to work in the specified mode preliminary information date of service.

Means for controlling the mode of power supply can verify the integrated value stored in the volatile memory upon initiation of power supply, so that the led group is driven in the preview of the message of life in a given period of time and in normal lighting when exceeding the integrated value of the specified criteria.

Means for controlling the mode of power supply can be established what about on many criteria, corresponding to the number of levels notice of service life for a multitude of mutually different modes prior message.

Led lamp system may include a number of led groups, each of which consists of a large number of LEDs, light color which is different from the color of the glow of the LEDs in the other led groups, and means for controlling the mode of power supply controls the mode of power supply LEDs of each color of the glow.

Led lamp system may further comprise svitrigailos means for variable control of light color led groups by actuation means for controlling the mode of power supply on the basis of the regulatory signal for the color of the glow and the amount of light outside.

Brief description of drawings

The present invention will be more fully understood from the following detailed description and accompanying drawings of a preferred implementation of the present invention, which, however, should not be construed as limitations of the invention and which is used only for explanation and understanding it.

Figure 1 depicts a block diagram showing the electrical construction of a variant of implementation led any, according to the present invention; and

figure 2 depicts a block diagram showing a basic point of management procedures that should be undertaken by a Central processing unit (CPU) 71 in the above implementation.

Description of the preferred embodiments

The present invention will be described in more detail below in its preferred implementation variant according to the attached drawings. In the present description, numerous specific details for a full understanding of the present invention. However, specialists in the art should be understood that the present invention can be implemented without these specific details. In this case, a well-known design, not shown in more detail in order to avoid excessive detail in the description of the present invention.

Figure 1 shows the block diagram showing the electrical construction of a variant of implementation of the led lamp according to the present invention. Block, connecting the power source AC is a plug 1 is equipped for connection to a source of AC power industrial type usually at 100 C. By inserting the plug 1 into the socket efficient power source through switch sa is nick power 2 perform the rectification of the alternating current and smoothing through the bridge diode rectifying circuit 3 and the condenser 4, and thus, the power source is converted into a source of DC power. To line source of DC power connected led group of red glow 5A, led the group 5b green glow and led the group 5C blue glow through the driver of the red glow 6A, the driver green glow 6b and the driver of a blue luminescence 6s. It should be noted that in the drawings, each color led group represented by one led. In fact, each color led group consists of a large number of LEDs. The LEDs in each color led groups are connected in series or in parallel. Also, three color led groups are mounted alternately for forming optical system so that the three colors of light mix well to radiation or scattering of the illuminating light.

Scheme 7 management also is driven from a source of DC power. Scheme 7 control contains a microcomputer that includes a CPU 71, a memory 72 random access, electrically programmable permanent memory (EEPROM) 73 (although it is not illustrated, it includes a diagram of the power supply to low voltage). The control circuit 7 serves as the integrating means, the counting means controls the dir is the MW of power supply and svitrigailos funds. The management process that should be followed by the CPU 71, illustrated in the block diagram presented in figure 2.

Driver 6A red glow driver 6b green glow driver and 6C blue glow is controlled by switching on and off the output signal to drivers individually through circuit 7 controls. In normal lighting circuit 7 controls continuously includes the appropriate drivers 6A, 6b and 6C to expose the maximum, respectively, led the group 5A of the red glow led group 5b green glow and led group 5C blue glow.

The shape of the signal from the source of alternating current supplied to the plug 1, is fed to the comparator 74 through a capacitor C and a resistor R for detecting the zero point of the alternating current signal. From the comparator 74, the output signal is a pulse signal synchronous with the signal from the source of AC power. For example, when the power source is an AC signal with a frequency of 50 Hz, the output pulse signal from the comparator 74 should have a frequency of 50 Hz to synchronize with the signal from the source of AC power. 16-bit counter 75 performs the expense of the pulse signal. A carrier signal of the counter 75 is calculated, the CPU 71 to record the calculated value in the memory 72 with random access./p>

The CPU 71 makes an increment of the integrated period of power supply, recorded in the EEPROM 73, by one unit each time the calculated value memory 72 random access reaches a value corresponding to one hour. While the calculated value memory 72 random access is lost when disconnecting switch of the power source 2, an integrated period of power supply, recorded in the EEPROM 73, will not fade or be lost. Thus, the reduced frequency of write access to the EEPROM 73.

When the switch 2 power source and, thus, activation of the CPU 71 during the initialization process checks integrated period of power supply, recorded in the EEPROM 73. If the integrated period of power supply has not yet reached 50000 hours, drivers 6A, 6b and 6C of the respective colors are kept continuously enabled to supply power to the led groups 5A, 5b and 5C of the respective colors glow in normal lighting.

If the integrated period of power supply is within 50000-60000 hours, drivers 6A, 6b and 6C are run mode of the first notice for five minutes. In the first mode prior notice led group of red glow 5A and led the group C is Lenogo glow 5b glow continuously, and led the group blue glow 5s glows intermittently, twinkling. After five minutes of operation, the first preliminary information mode drivers 6A, 6b and 6C is switched to the normal lighting for a continuous glow all led groups 5A red glow, 5b green fluorescence and 5C blue glow.

If the integrated period of power supply is within 60000-70000 hours, drivers 6A, 6b and 6C are run mode of the second notice for five minutes. In the second mode prior notice led group 5b green glow and led the group 5C blue glow glow continuously, and led the group 5A of the red glow illuminates intermittently, twinkling. After five minutes of operation, the second pre-drivers messages 6A, 6b and 6C their mode of operation is switched to the normal lighting for a continuous glow all led groups 5A red glow, 5b green fluorescence and 5C blue glow.

If the integrated period of supply-the power supply is within 70000-80000 hours, drivers 6A, 6b and 6C are run in the third notice for five minutes. In the third prior notice led group 5A red lighting and led the group 5C blue glow is watada continuously, and led the group 5b green glow shines intermittently, twinkling. After five minutes of operation, the third preliminary message mode drivers 6A, 6b and 6C is switched to the normal lighting for a continuous glow all led groups 5A red glow, 5b green fluorescence and 5C blue glow.

If the integrated period of power supply is within 80000-90000 hours, drivers 6A, 6b and 6C are run mode double notice for five minutes. In the fourth mode notice all led group 5A red glow, 5b green fluorescence and 5C blue glow glow intermittently, twinkling all together. After five minutes of operation, the fourth preliminary message mode drivers 6A, 6b and 6C is switched to the normal lighting for a continuous glow all led groups 5A red glow, 5b green fluorescence and 5C blue glow.

If the integrated period of power supply is within 90000-100000 hours, drivers 6A, 6b and 6C are run for five minutes in the fifth mode prior notice. In the fifth mode prior notice led group 5b green glow and led the group 5C blue glow held off so that they n is shone, and led the group 5A of the red glow illuminates intermittently, twinkling. After five minutes of operation, the fifth notice mode drivers 6A, 6b and 6C is switched to the normal lighting for a continuous glow all led groups 5A red glow, 5b green fluorescence and 5C blue glow.

If the integrated period of power supply exceeds 100000 hours, supported by the fifth preview the message in which the led group 5b green glow and led the group 5C blue glow held off in order not to glow, and led the group 5A of the red glow illuminates intermittently, twinkling, without logging in normal lighting.

During the operation mode checks the integrated period of power supply, recorded in the EEPROM 73, every hour, during which the updated integrated period of power supply, recorded in the EEPROM 73, to perform the required appropriate operation mode according to preliminary message.

As described above, the led lamp according to the present invention can integrate the period of power supply by measuring the period of power supply for led groups based on the frequency of the alternating current source Pete is occurring and to light the led groups in the selected mode prior notice, when integrated period of power supply higher than the corresponding value of the notice to notify the user or Manager, located near the lamp, that is approaching the end of life led bulbs. When given a preliminary report, the Manager or the user can prepare a replacement. Especially, it would be convenient to provide multiple modes of preliminary message service life depending on the degree of fatigue of the lamp.

While the present invention has been disclosed in preferred example embodiments, the specialists would have to be apparent, various modifications, omissions, additions, and various designs without departing from the substance of the invention. Therefore, the present invention should be understood as including all possible embodiments, modifications, omissions, additions, and so forth, which can be carried out without departing from the principle of the invention disclosed in the accompanying claims.

For example, you can provide the input means to adjust the lighting to ensure the outside of the adjustment signal light colors or the amount of light for the CPU 71 so that the CPU 71 can control the relevant drivers 6A, 6b and 6C to adjust the tone of the illuminating light and/or the amount of light is. It should be noted that in addition to the unit, connecting a source of AC power in the form of a plug, can be the base of the bulb. Also irrelevant to the present invention is switch 2 power source, represented in the preferred implementation.

1. Led lamp system containing block, connecting a source of AC power for receiving AC power, converts the source unit for receiving AC voltage and rectifying the received AC power to generate DC power supply, led the group consisting of a set of LEDs and receiving the output DC signal from the conversion unit of the power source and led the group has a pre-message-of-life for the integration period of power supply for the issuance of the notice, indicating the approaching end of service life, these pre-message-of-life includes counting means for measuring the period of power supply based on frequency source of AC power, an integrating means for integrating period of power supply, measured by the counting means, and memory integrated led the ranks in a volatile storage device, and means to control the supply of power to control the illumination of LEDs in different modes, including normal lighting, and the said means for controlling the mode of power supply is sensitive to the integrated value of the integrating means exceeds a given threshold in a given mode prior message service life.

2. Led lamp system according to claim 1, characterized in that the said means for controlling the mode of power supply checks integrated value stored in said volatile storage device at the initiation of power supply, so that the led group is driven in the above-mentioned preview message of life during the above specified period of time and above normal lighting when exceeding the mentioned integrated value of the above-mentioned criteria.

3. Led lamp system according to claim 1, characterized in that the said means for controlling the mode of power supply specifies the set of criteria corresponding to the number of levels notice of service life for a multitude of mutually different modes prior message.

4. Led lamp system according to claim 1, trichomania fact, that includes a lot of led groups, each of which consists of a large number of LEDs, light color which is different from the color of the glow of the LEDs in the other led groups, and the above-mentioned means for controlling the mode of power supply controls the modes of power supply LEDs of each color of the glow.

5. Led lamp system according to claim 4, characterized in that it further comprises svitrigailos means for variable control of light color mentioned led groups by actuating the means for controlling the mode of power supply on the basis of the regulatory signal for the color of the glow and the amount of light outside.

6. Led lamp system according to claim 2, characterized in that the said means for controlling the mode of power supply specifies the set of criteria corresponding to the number of levels notice of service life for a multitude of mutually different modes prior message.

7. Led lamp system according to claim 2, characterized in that it includes a lot of led groups, each of which consists of a large number of LEDs, light color which is different from the color of the glow of the LEDs in the other led groups and mentioned sredstvopovysheniya mode of power supply controls the modes of power supply LEDs of each color of the glow.

8. Led lamp system according to claim 7, characterized in that it further comprises svitrigailos means for variable control of light color mentioned led groups by actuating the means for controlling the mode of power supply on the basis of the regulatory signal for the color of the glow and the amount of light outside.

9. Led lamp system according to claim 3, characterized in that it includes a lot of led groups, each of which consists of a large number of LEDs, light color which is different from the color of the glow of the LEDs in the other led groups, and the above-mentioned means for controlling the mode of power supply controls the modes of power supply LEDs of each color of the glow.

10. Led lamp system according to claim 9, characterized in that it further comprises svitrigailos means for variable control of light color mentioned led groups by actuating the means for controlling the mode of power supply on the basis of the regulatory signal for the color of the glow and the amount of light outside.



 

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Light diode lamp // 2248107

FIELD: engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device has block for connection to AC current source, converter for forming a DC current source and light diode group, consisting of multiple light diodes. Light diode group is provided with block for prior telling of service duration, including counter for measuring power-on period on basis of frequency of AC current source, integration device for power feeding, which is measured by counter, and for recording integrated value in energy-independent memory device and device for controlling power feeding mode for controlling light level of diodes in different modes, including normal lighting modes. Prior messaging block is meant for integration of power-on period for output of forwarding message, indicating approach of service duration end.

EFFECT: broader functional capabilities.

10 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; railway traffic control light signals.

SUBSTANCE: proposed controlled light-emitting diode light signal contains N transformers whose primary windings are connected in series aiding and connected to supply source through contact of signal relay and power electrodes of transistor, and each of N secondary windings of transformers is connected through protective diodes with corresponding group of light-emitting diodes consisting of K light-emitting diodes connected in series aiding. Each of K x N light-emitting diodes of groups is optically coupled with each of parallel connected K x N photoresistors. Light signal contains resistor and comparator circuit where first point of connection of parallel-connected photoresistors is connected to point of connection of contact of signal relay and transformer, and second point of connection of parallel-connected photoresistor is connected to first output of resistor and input of comparator circuit. Comparator circuit consists of differential amplifier whose first input is connected with common contact of voltage drop relay, its front and resting contacts are connected to first and second sources of reference voltage, respectively, second input of differential amplifier being input of comparator circuit whose output connected to control input of pulse generator being output of differential amplifier. Second output of resistor is connected with point of connection of one of power electrodes of transistor and supply source. Invention makes it possible to control brightness of light-emitting diodes and stabilize radiation, and it provides possibility of double reduction of voltage and blackout.

EFFECT: provision of reliable control of light signal.

1 dwg

FIELD: municipal equipment of residential houses and industrial buildings, namely automatic systems for controlling electric parameters, namely apparatuses for automatic control of different-designation illuminating devices.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes primary pulse-type photo-converter with built-in photo detector forming output pulse-width modulated information signal; secondary converter including micro-controller, shaping amplifier, switch, display module, power unit, inductor, unit for controlling illumination, switching controller of power supply of mains. Secondary converter includes in addition real-time clock and standby power source. Primary pulse-type photo-converter is connected with secondary converter by means of two-wire line that is connected with inlet of shaping amplifier and first terminal of inductor at one side and outlet of primary pulse type converter at other side. Outlet of shaping amplifier is connected with first inlet of micro-controller whose second inlet is connected with switch. Third inlet of micro-controller is connected with outlet of real-time clock. First outlet of micro-controller is connected with first inlet of power unit. Second outlet of micro-controller is connected with inlet of display module. Inlet of illumination control module is connected with third outlet of micro-controller. AC supply mains is connected with second inlet of power unit whose first outlet is connected with second terminal of inductor. Second outlet of power unit is connected with inlet of standby power source whose outlet is connected with respective inlet of real time clock. Outlet of illumination control unit is connected with connected in parallel first inlets of N switching controllers of power of mains. AC mains is connected with second (connected in parallel) inlets of N switching controllers of power of mains. Connected in parallel outlets of said switching controllers through load (illuminating lamps) are connected with zero wire of AC mains.

EFFECT: enhanced operational reliability and safety of apparatus.

7 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering; starting and operating circuits for gas-discharge lamps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device designed for use in gas-discharge lamps of high starting voltage amounting to about 4 kV, such as high-pressure sodium vapor lamps, xenon and metal halide lamps that enables starting two lamps at a time from ac 220 V supply mains has dc current supply whose output is connected through series-interconnected converter and rectifier to input of inverter whose common input is connected to common inputs of inverter and rectifier and output, to its inverting output through two series-connected lamps; novelty is introduction of two voltage sensors, current sensor, second inverter, voltage multiplier, switch, capacitor, two delay circuits, OR circuit and NAND circuit; common output of dc current supply is connected to common inputs of two voltage sensors, multiplier, and through current sensor, to common inputs of converter and switch; output of dc current supply is connected to input of second inverter whose output is connected through multiplier to midpoint of two lamps and to capacitor electrode, other electrode of capacitor being connected to input of inverter; output of first voltage sensor is connected to input of NAND circuit and to input of first delay circuit whose inverting output is connected to input of OR circuit whose other input is connected to output of second voltage sensor and output, to clear inputs of converter and inverter, to control input of switch, and to input of second delay circuit whose output is connected to other input of NAND circuit; output of the latter is connected to clear input of second inverter; switch input is connected to rectifier output and current sensor output is connected to control input of converter.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency, service life, power factor, and light stability; reduced power requirement.

1 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: lighting equipment.

SUBSTANCE: device with control device has emission source, diffuser, electric outputs. Emission source has at least two light diodes of different colors with given space distributions of emission and localized in space as at least one group, board and control device, containing programmed channels for separate control over emission of light diodes of each color by feeding periodically repeating power pulses, lengths of which for light diodes of different color are independent from each other, while relations of lengths of period of power pulse, its increase front, decrease and pause are determined for light diodes of each color. Diffuser, inside which board with light diodes is positioned, is made at least partially enveloping the area of effect of emission of light diodes of emission source.

EFFECT: better aesthetic and emotional effect, close to optimal psycho-physiological effect of decorative multicolor lamp with vastly improved gamma of color effects, resulting in hypnotizing effect, increase of its attractiveness, efficiency, and broadening of its functional capabilities and addition of new consumer functions, lower costs and simplified usage.

20 cl, 15 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, equipment for forming emergency lighting in industrial quarters.

SUBSTANCE: device additionally has digital counters and comparators, included in each light source between power source and transformer control circuit.

EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, equipment for forming emergency lighting in industrial quarters.

SUBSTANCE: device additionally includes band filters, included in each light source between output of controlled modulator and transformer control circuit, and amplitude modulator, connected along control chain to adjustable generator and connected between power source and light source.

EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.

3 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, emergency lighting equipment for industrial quarters.

SUBSTANCE: device additionally includes delay circuits and pulse generators, included in each light source between power source and transformer control circuit.

EFFECT: higher energy efficiency.

3 dwg

FIELD: engineering of devices for controlling electric light sources, in particular, lighting or illumination systems, which use light diodes in their construction.

SUBSTANCE: by means of personal computer, using specialized graphic software, a frame of required light diode illumination is formed. By means of color pattern, each imitator of light diode module is colored. After forming of one frame, other frames are formed, which require to be colored in similar way. Number of frames is determined by given model of illumination. As a result, animated cinematic is produced, which reflects appearance of illumination model. After that, programmed model is transferred to flash memory of controller through RS-485 interface port. Then, controller outputs aforementioned data into loop line with light diode modules.

EFFECT: using device for decorative or primary lighting of architectural objects makes possible fast generation of complicated and various models and types of illumination and backlight, with possible control over each module.

2 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: technology for providing power to auxiliary devices of a light.

SUBSTANCE: power of one or several auxiliary devices 26 of light is extracted from lamp power impulse series, fed by phase light controller 28. Direct current power block 44 is connected to output 38,40 of light controller 28 to produce and store direct current energy for powering auxiliary devices. Controller 48 of lamp is connected to output 38,40 of light controller 28 to transfer power of power impulses to lamp 24. Lamp controller 48 has adjustable impulse transfer characteristic for powering the lamp not to interfere with its operation due to alterations to power consumed by auxiliary devices. Adjustable impulse transfer characteristic may be provided with switching device 76, which either interrupts or blocks selected parts of lamp power impulses. Adjustable impulse transfer characteristic maintains constant apparent brightness of lamp, independently on changes of power consumption by auxiliary devices. In disabled state or in preliminary heating mode transfer of power to lamp 24 is decreased to avoid emission of visible light. In full brightness mode lamp power impulses are practically left unchanged by lamp controller 48.

EFFECT: provision of power to auxiliary devices without using auxiliary force cables and without interfering with operation of light.

3 cl, 16 dwg

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