Method and apparatus for obtaining of laminated food product and laminated food product obtained by method

FIELD: food-processing industry.

SUBSTANCE: method involves extruding from outlet opening of coaxial head thin strip of first flowable material enclosed inside layer of second flowable material, with at least first flowable material and second flowable material being immiscible; applying thin strip onto support and applying additional thin strip over first thin strip for producing of laminated sugar glasses mass. Laminated food product has thin layers including at least first flowable material enclosed between thin layers of second flowable material. Apparatus has movable support, coaxial head unit for applying of at least one layer of flowable material onto support, and coaxial head unit holder arranged above support. First drive unit is connected to coaxial head holder for rocking said holder in first direction. Second drive unit is connected to first drive unit for rocking said first drive unit in second direction perpendicular to first direction. According to another version, apparatus is equipped with main support having inlet end and outlet end and adapted for rocking in first direction. Inlet end is adapted for receiving onto support of one or more layers of flowable material. Apparatus is further equipped with rotary support for supporting of outlet end of main support and device for rocking of support inlet end in second direction perpendicular to first direction, coaxial head unit for applying of at least one layer of flowable material onto support inlet end, and holder for coaxial head unit, said holder being arranged above inlet end of support.

EFFECT: provision for obtaining of sugar glass products with definite layer structure and improved controlling of thickness of layers in the process of manufacture of sugar glasses from sugar glasses mass.

29 cl, 5 dwg, 3 ex

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

This invention relates to the production of Ledentsov products which have a layered structure with the desired texture.

The level of technology

Laminated candy products consist of layers of hard candy and fatty pastes or liquids, such as peanut butter, which is usually covered with chocolate or other coatings. The usual method of making puff candy product comprises heating the sugar syrup in the apparatus for pre-cooking prior to the formation of hard mass and boiling received candy mass to obtain a viscous mass having a low moisture content. Typically, the moisture content is about 4-5%. Received boiled sugar mass is unloaded from the apparatus for cooking and passed through the aeration screw for aeration candy mass. Then aerated candy mass is placed on a heated steel tape, which cools the candy mass to a predetermined temperature, to candy mass remained pliable. Aerated candy mass is rolled into a sheet and sugar sheet covered with a layer of an oily paste. The fatty layer of pasta and aerated candy can be sprinkled recycled product from the processing of residues of the previous operations of manufacturing candy bar. The ZAT is layers of hard mass and fat pasta twirl for more dense hard mass with multiple layers. Then the twisted product is passed through glucoamylase machine, in which cause the outer layer of hard-boiled pulp. Then a plastic mass is formed in a continuous harness and cut into individual bars. The whole production line is continuous. These bars can be covered with chocolate or other coating to produce the final sugar product. An example of such method is disclosed in U.S. patent No. 4679496.

The texture of the candy product is determined by its layered structure. For example, sugar product with a layered structure usually has a crunchy texture. It is desirable to produce a layered structure, which has a constant texture throughout the product. However, the conventional method of manufacturing a layered Ledentsov products does not always ensure such consistency. For example, the usual method often leads to the formation of zones with a large mass of hard candy, which do not have a crunchy texture, but instead are more or less solid mass. Thus, there is a need for a method of manufacturing a layered Ledentsov products, which would provide the product with a more permanent structure. This invention discloses such a method.

The invention

This invention relates to a method and apparatus for manufacturing Ledentsov products, is within a layered structure. The invention relates also to a layered food product made in this way.

The method according to this invention enables the production of layered food product having thin layers, at least one first fluid material enclosed between thin layers of a second fluid material. The method involves the extrusion of the outlet coaxial head thin strips, at least one first fluid material contained in the layer of the second fluid material, and at least one first flowable material and the second flowable material are not mixed, apply the specified thin strip on the support; and overlaying the second thin strip on the first thin band. Then on the first or second thin strip can be coated with an additional thin strips.

According to this method, a thin strip can be applied over another strip through various means. Thin strips can be applied on top of another strip through the swing support under a coaxial cylinder. In another embodiment, the thin strip impose on each other through swing coaxial head over support. In a preferred embodiment, the coaxial head shake in the first direction and the second direction and the second direction p is erpendicular first direction. Bearing may be a conveyor belt, which moves in the first direction. In another embodiment, the support is a conveyor belt and layers impose by moving the conveyor belt in the first direction and swing coaxial head over the conveyor belt in the second perpendicular direction. In another embodiment, the layers are put against each other through swing coaxial head in the first direction and the swing fulcrum in a second direction, which is perpendicular to the direction of swing of a coaxial head.

The thickness of the thin strips, extruded from the outlet of the coaxial head, is from about 1/100 of an inch (0.25 mm) to about 1/8 inch (3 mm) and preferably from 1/10 inch (2.5 mm) up to 1/25 inch (1 mm). The number of overlay each other of the strips is from about 2 to 500 and preferably from about 10 to 50. Superimposed thin strips have a thickness of from about 0.01 to about 4 inches (2.5 to 100 mm), preferably from the 0.375 to 1 inch (10-25 mm). Superimposed thin strips can optionally be made more subtle by rolling the stack of superimposed thin strips during molding.

The first band at least one first fluid material may be laminated strip of the first flowable material. A thin strip of at least one first fluid Mat is Rial may be a single layer of more than one first fluid material, in which each of the first flowable material is located adjacent to another.

In one embodiment, the at least one first fluid material is a fatty paste or liquid and the second fluid material is a hard mass. In another embodiment, the fatty paste or liquid is peanut butter. Thus, this invention can be used to manufacture food products.

The invention also relates to a device for manufacturing a layered food product, which includes support, is arranged to move; node coaxial head for applying one or more layers of fluid material on the support; a holder head, which supports a coaxial head and located above the support; a first drive unit that is attached to the holder and rocking the holder head in the first direction; and a second drive unit that is attached to the first drive node and dangle the first drive unit in the second direction that is essentially perpendicular to the first direction.

Another device for manufacturing a layered food product includes a support having a receiving end and a discharge end and capable of moving in the first direction, and the specified receiving end is designed to receive bearing on the main or more layers of a fluid material; the rotary Foundation to support the discharge end of the support; means to swing the receiving end in the second direction essentially perpendicular to the first direction; node coaxial head for applying one or more layers of a fluid material onto the receiving end of a support; and the holder head to maintain the site co-axial head, located above the receiving end of support.

Preferably, the device for manufacturing a layered food product includes a support having a receiving end and a discharge end and arranged to move in the first direction, and the specified receiving end receives support one or more layers of a fluid material; rotary Foundation to support the discharge end of the support; at least one roller for supporting the receiving end of a support; a Cam mechanism connected with the receiving end of the prop, and the rotation of the Cam mechanism causes the swing fulcrum in a second direction essentially perpendicular to the first direction; node coaxial head for applying one or more layers of a fluid material on the receiving end of the support; and the holder head for support node coaxial head, located above the receiving end of support.

Brief description of drawings

Preferred characteristics izobreteny which follow from the following detailed description and drawings, on which:

figure 1 depicts a graphical chart of the program of the method of manufacturing a laminated candy products, according to this invention;

figure 2 - the incision site of a coaxial head for the manufacture of filled in the middle of the strips, according to this invention;

figure 3 is a graphical chart of the program of the method of manufacturing a laminated candy products, according to this invention, in accordance with example 1;

4 is a device having a swinging site co-axial head, for the manufacture of laminated candy products, according to this invention;

5 is a device having a swinging support for production of laminated candy products, according to this invention.

Information confirming the possibility of carrying out the invention

This method can be used for the manufacture of layered food product, in which a thin strip of at least one first fluid material, enclosed in a layer of the second fluid material deposited at each other.

At least one first fluid material is preferably continuous phase on a lipid basis, which may contain suspended material for the formation of a pasty consistency. The second fluid material is preferably a material having plastic properties. Plastic is th refers to the fluid, you can stretch and fold. At least one first flowable material and the second flowable material are not mixed. In a preferred embodiment, the method is used for production of laminated candy products. Thin strips of fatty pastes or liquids (for example, peanut oil at 170°f (77°)), enclosed in a layer of fluid or plastic candy mass produced and used as components for the layered structure. The method according to this invention, provides for the creation of the layered structure, which has a clear layer structure, which is more uniform in texture than products made in the usual way. Additionally, the method according to this invention enables the production of a product, which has a more consistent texture on a regular basis and increasing the consistency from batch to batch. The method according to this invention, provides improved control of the thickness of the layers and thereby, providing great opportunities for the aeration of the surface texture. The method also provides greater flexibility in changing the ratio of fatty paste or liquid and candy mass.

According to the invention, at least one first fluid material may be a mixture of two or more fluid Mat is rials. In another embodiment, the two or more first fluid material is not ekstragiruyut in the form of a mixture, and ekstragiruyut so that each of the first fluid material put on top of the other of the first fluid material (materials) for the formation of multilayer thin strip of the first flowable material enclosed in the second fluid material. In another embodiment, at least one first fluid material is more than one fluid material which ekstragiruyut for the formation of a single layer of the first fluid material enclosed in the second fluid material, each of the first flowable material is located adjacent to the other first fluid material.

Under "fatty paste or liquid means a liquid having fat in the form of a continuous phase, so that the structure of the liquid structure is based on fat. Examples of fatty pastes include, but are not limited to, peanut butter, white chocolate and hazelnut paste.

Under "candy mass" refers to any hard candy product made using methods known to experts in this field.

The method according to the invention, schematically shown in figure 1. According to this invention, the sugar syrup is heated and then cook for aware the Noah candy mass. Sugar syrup can include, for example, corn syrup, granulated sugar, reducing sugar, and water, optionally with the fragrances and/or dyes. The moisture content in the sugar syrup is from about 20 to 30% of the mass. Then boiled sugar mass is brought to boiling at atmospheric pressure, followed by boiling under reduced pressure to remove moisture and obtain a hard mass having a moisture level of about 3-5%. Received candy out the pulp from the cooking apparatus through the discharge auger and mixed with fragrances and/or dyes and aeronaut in co-rotating twin screw extruder. Suitable flavoring agents include, but are not limited to, molasses, salt and vanilla. Dyes may be, for example, molasses and/or food dyes FD&C Candy mass can also be combined with recycled products derived during the processing residues from previous manufacturing processes.

Then aerated mass and fatty paste or liquid is injected into separate collectors node coaxial head (10), shown in figure 2 Of the coaxial head out a thin strip of 5 fatty paste or liquid enclosed in a layer of aerated candy mass. Outlet coaxial head (10) is oriented so that filled in the middle of the floor is CA, which goes from node a coaxial head (10), is extended under the force of gravity that extends and makes more subtle filled in the middle of the lane. By stretching under the action of gravity is the possibility of varying thickness filled in the middle of the strip. An additional advantage of stretching is filled in the middle of the strip is that the candy mass is cooled during the elongation of the strip. In the cooling fatty paste or liquid increases the viscosity of the candy layer and candy layer does not flow with an oily paste, which leads to the formation of the layered mass, which is more robust and simple in handling. Additional cooling is filled in the middle of the strip can also be used for external cooling. Received filled in the middle of the strip is placed on a conveyor belt.

From node coaxial heads can be ekstradiroval one or more fatty pastes or liquids for the formation of multilayer fatty paste or liquid enclosed in aerated candy mass. Additionally, several fatty pastes or liquids can be extubate from a node of a coaxial head for the formation of a single layer of fatty paste or liquid enclosed in aerated candy mass, in which fatty pastes or liquids are cm is tenderly with each other. An ordinary person skilled in the art can easily modify the node coaxial head for the manufacture or multilayer fatty pastes or liquids, or a single layer of fatty pastes or liquids, in which fatty pastes or liquids are adjacent to each other.

After submission of filled in the middle of the strip on the conveyor belt next layer is put on top of it. Filled band can be stacked in layers to each other by coating it on the tape, which oscillates back and forth under the outlet of the coaxial head. In another embodiment, the invention is filled in the middle of the strip can overlay each other through education sagging of the strip. Sagging of the strip can be achieved through the swing node coaxial head back and forth. Thus, filled in the middle of the strip impose one layer to another through the swing node coaxial head over slow-moving tape. In this embodiment, the twin-screw extruder connected with a coaxial cylinder, a flexible hose that allows you to swing the head. In another embodiment, a shake as the head and the tape. Head shake in one direction, for example, in the X-direction, and the ribbon dangle in the direction perpendicular to the direction of swing of a coaxial head,ie in the direction Y. This allows you to stack layers filled in the middle of the strip width. You can then continue to process the stack of layers. For example, it is possible to fold or make thinner by rolling to obtain a thicker or thinner products.

According to this invention, the thickness of the filled in the middle of the strip can be varied by changing the distance between the node coaxial head and the conveyor belt, and by the effect of sagging. The thickness of the strips may be from about 1/100 inch to about 1/8 inch (0.2 to 3 mm). Preferably, the thickness of the strips is from about 1/10 inch to about 1/25 inch (2.5 to 1 mm). In addition, you can also change the thickness of the stack (i.e. the number of layers filled in the middle lanes). The number of layers in the stack can vary from about 1 to 500 layers. Preferably, the number of layers in the stack varies from about 10 to 50 layers. The thickness of the stack can vary from about 1/100 inch to 4 inches (0.2 to 100 mm). Preferably, the thickness of the stack is from about 0.375 inch to 1 inch (10-25 mm). Thus, the method makes it easy to change as the number of layers and their thickness. Because the texture of the layered structure is determined by the number of layers and thickness of layers, the method provides improved control of the texture of the final sugar product.

On Phi is .4 shows the device, with the swinging node coaxial head for the manufacture of layered Ledentsov products according to this invention. The device includes a node of a coaxial head (10), shown in figure 2. Fluid material, such as aerated candy mass 8, served in a node of a coaxial head out of the extruder through a flexible hose or other suitable conduit. The second fluid material 9, such as a fatty paste or liquid, for example, peanut oil, served in a node of a coaxial head of the delivery system through a flexible hose or other suitable conduit. Coaxial cylinder rests on the holder 2 heads in zone 1. Coaxial cylinder delivers the extrudate 5, which is a thin layer of the first fluid material enclosed between thin layers of a second fluid material onto the conveyor belt 6 located under the node coaxial head. Conveyor belt 6 moves in a given direction, for example, in the direction X. the Holder is connected to the first driving node 4, so you can swing the head in the second direction, which is perpendicular to the direction in which the moving conveyor belt 6, i.e. in the direction Y. the First driving unit 4 is connected with the second driving node 3 so that the drive unit 4 and the holder head can swing in the first direction, which coincides with the direction of the population movement of the conveyor belt 6, i.e. in the direction X. the Displacement in the X direction leads to sagging coaxial candy strip 5 so that the coaxial candy strip 5 is placed on itself on the conveyor belt 6. Swing node coaxial head in the Y-direction allows you to apply a strip across the entire width of the conveyor belt 6. By changing the speed of a conveyor belt 6 you can change the thickness of the layered candy mass 7 on the conveyor belt 6. Conveyor belt 6 moves the candy mass to the next operation, such as stacking operation and/or rolling.

Figure 5 shows a device having a swinging support for the production of laminated Ledentsov products according to this invention. Fluid material, such as aerated candy mass 8, served in a node of a coaxial head of the extruder. The second fluid material 9, such as a fatty paste or liquid, such as peanut butter are also available at the site of a coaxial head of the delivery system through suitable piping. Coaxial cylinder rests on the holder 2 heads in zone 1. Coaxial head allows you to form coaxial lane 5, consisting of a thin layer of the first fluid material enclosed between thin layers of a second fluid material. Coaxial band 5 is extended under the influence of gravity before lowering on the envelopes the policy of the tape 6. The conveyor belt moves in a given direction, for example, in the direction X. Coaxial strip 5 is applied on the receiving end of the conveyor belt 6. The receiving end of the conveyor belt swing from side to side in the direction perpendicular to the moving conveyor belt 6, i.e. in the Y direction to provide overlapping layers of a coaxial strip each other and the desired loading of the width of the conveyor belt. Swing is achieved by relying receiving end of the conveyor belt on the rollers 10’ and rotation of a Cam mechanism 11, which is attached to the receiving end of the prop. The discharge end of the conveyor belt 6 is rotatable, in particular swivel bearing 12. By changing the speed of a conveyor belt 6 you can change the thickness of the layered candy mass 7 on the conveyor belt 6. Conveyor belt 6 moves the candy mass to the next operation, such as stacking operation and/or rolling. There are various other means to swing support. Such means are well known to specialists in this field and therefore need no description.

Examples

Below is a detailed description of the invention examples of the method, according to this invention. The examples are for illustration purposes and should not limit the scope of the present invention.

Example 1. The process exclusionlist Ledentsov products

In this example, using co-rotating twin screw extruder for supplying aerated candy mass swinging coaxial head, which is discharged in a downward direction. The head allows you to enter into a thin layer of peanut oil in a layer of aerated boiled candy mass for education coaxial strip that has a width of approximately 3 inches (75 mm) and a thickness of 0.25 inch (6 mm) out of the head. Stripes are collected on a conveyor belt located at 24 inches (610 mm) below the head. Since the swinging movement of the head leads to sagging of the strip, the strip is lowered down so that the cross-section of the strip is much less at the point at which it reaches the tape (approximately 5-10% of the original cross-sectional head). Then this layered mass is rolled to form a tight layered sheet. Then the sheet is cut into candy centered bars. Head shake in the X-direction and in y direction displacement in the X direction (parallel to the conveyor belt) leads to sagging of the extrudate from the head for pulling and laying strips laid on top before these bands, and the displacement in the Y-direction allows you to download the entire width of the conveyor belt. The process is shown schematically in Fig. 3 and its description is given below.

1. Preliminary mixture of candy cook ACC is accordance with the scheme of figure 1. The mixture is prepared in a double boiler. A portion of the preliminary mixture is heated to approximately 170°F (77° (C) and stir.

2. Pre-sugar mixture is boiled at a temperature of 270°F (132° (C) when the feed speed of 9.0 pounds per minute (4 kg/min) and bring to a boil in a vacuum, equal to 6 inches (150 mm) of mercury.

3. Boiled sugar mass is fed into the extruder TSE (extruder Wenger TX-52 firms Wenger manufacturing Inc. of Fabetha, Kansas), running with the speed of 285 rpm, which conduct the air to the mass of injected air.

4. Peanut butter is served in a coaxial cylinder at a temperature of 155°F (68° (C) with a velocity of 3.2 pounds per minute (1.5 kg/min).

5. The swinging node coaxial head set so that the head is moved with a frequency of 75 cycles per minute with an amplitude of 6 inches (150 mm) in the X direction and with a frequency of 12 cycles per minute with an amplitude of 5 inches (125 mm) in the y direction.

6. Sagging of the head coaxial strips are collected on a conveyor belt while moving the tape so that there is overlap of the strips to each other with the formation of the layered mass thickness of about 1 inch (25 mm).

7. Then layered mass is rolled to obtain a sheet thickness of about 5/8 inch (15 mm).

8. Then the sheet is transferred to sheet machine that manages the baking sheet with a thickness of 3/8 inch (10 mm).

9. Using longitudinal n is the sale of a sheet cut into strips about 1 inch (25 mm).

10. With transverse knives cut into strips centered candy bars, which can be covered with chocolate.

Table 1. The preliminary candy mix

Ingredient %

Corn syrup 58,0

Granulated sugar is 32.2

Water 8,0

Flavorings and colorings of 1.8.

Example 2. The process of extrusion laminated Ledentsov products

A sheet with a thickness of 3/8 inch (10 mm)made at stage 8 of example 1 is used for the manufacture of spherical confection having a layered structure. The sheet removed from the sheet of the machine and serves on the rollers, forming drops. The rollers are installed for the formation of spheres with a diameter of 1/2 inch (13 mm). The rollers transform layered sheet in the balls and then sieve the separated material. Then these layered middles can be applied coatings for the manufacture of various confectionery products.

Example 3. The process of extrusion laminated Ledentsov products

This example is similar to the process in example 1 except that replaced the twin-screw extruder. Twin screw extruder replaced by a mixing extruder for aeration boiled candy mass and volumetric pump for feeding candy mass in the swinging node coaxial head. The process described below.

1. After discharge from the cooking apparatus of aware the ing the candy mass is fed into the mixing auger.

2. Pump air into the mixing auger and mixed with the air in the boiled sugar mass.

3. Aerated candy mass is released from the mixing auger and served in volumetric pump. Then the pump (Waukesha 15U Pump company Waukesha Fluid Handling of Delavan, Wisconsin) takes aerated candy mass into a swinging coaxial head.

Otherwise, the process similar to the process described with reference to figure 1.

1. A method of manufacturing a layered food product having thin layers, at least one first fluid material enclosed between thin layers of a second fluid material, comprising the extrusion of the outlet coaxial head thin strips, at least one first fluid material enclosed within a layer of the second fluid material, and at least one first flowable material and the second flowable material are immiscible, applying a first thin strip on the support and the imposition of the second thin strip on the first thin strip for the formation of the product.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that it further includes overlaying the first and second thin strips, at least one additional thin layer.

3. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that the imposition of additional thin layer is realized by means of a rocking support for the weekends what tertium coaxial head.

4. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that the imposition of additional thin layer is implemented by swing coaxial head on the pillar.

5. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that the imposition of additional thin layer is implemented by swing coaxial heads simultaneously in the first direction and the second direction perpendicular to the first direction.

6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that used as the basis conveyor belt, which is moved in the first direction.

7. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that used as the basis conveyor belt, and the stage of imposition of additional thin layer is carried out by moving the conveyor belt in the first direction and swing the outlet of the coaxial head over the conveyor belt in the second direction perpendicular to the first direction.

8. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that the imposition of additional thin layer is implemented by swing of the output coaxial holes head in the first direction and the swing fulcrum in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction.

9. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that the thickness of the thin strips taken from 1/100 inch (0.25 mm) to 1/8 inch (3 mm).

10. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that for the formation of products naladiv who are at each other from 2 to 500 thin strips.

11. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that the layer superimposed on one another thin strips carry a thickness of from 0.01 inches (0.25 mm) to 4 inches (100 mm).

12. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that it further includes rolling the layer of thin strips for the formation of the product.

13. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that the thin strip, at least one first fluid material perform multilayer of the first flowable material.

14. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that a thin strip of at least one first fluid material to perform with a single layer of more than one first fluid material, in which each of the first flowable material placed adjacent to each other.

15. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that the first fluid material use fatty paste or liquid and the second fluid material use candy mass.

16. The method according to item 15, characterized in that as an oily paste or liquid used peanut oil.

17. Layered food product made according to the method of claim 2.

18. The device for manufacturing a layered food product containing the support is arranged to move the node coaxial head for applying one or more layers of a fluid material on the support, the holder node coaxial goals and, located above the support, the first drive unit connected to the holder with the ability to swing the holder in the first direction and the second drive unit, which is connected to the first driving node with the ability to swing the first drive unit in the second direction perpendicular to the first direction.

19. The device for manufacturing a layered food product containing a support having a receiving end and a discharge end and arranged to move in the first direction, and the specified receiving end is designed to receive bearing one or more layers of a fluid material, a rotary support for supporting the discharge end of the support, means for rocking the receiving end in the second direction perpendicular to the first direction, the node coaxial head for applying one or more layers of a fluid material onto the receiving end of a support and a holder node coaxial head, located above the receiving end of support.

20. The device according to claim 19, characterized in that the means to swing the receiving end of the support includes at least one roller for supporting the receiving end of the prop and the Cam mechanism connected with the receiving end of a support with the software during its rotation swing support in the second direction perpendicular to the first direction.



 

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2 ex

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2 ex

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2 cl, 2 ex

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2 ex

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2 ex

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2 ex

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2 ex

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