Device for measuring geometric parameters of rail flats of reinforced concrete ties (versions)

FIELD: railway transport; measuring facilities.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to special purpose devices for measuring separate geometric parameters of reinforced concrete ties, i.e. propelling and canting of rail flats on reinforced concrete ties. Proposed device contains housing 1 with fitted-on transport handle 2, right-hand support 3 and left-hand support 4. First support screw 5 and second support screw 6 are installed on right-hand support 3, third support screw 7 and fourth support screw 8 are installed on left-hand support 4, right-hand catcher 9 and left-hand catcher 10 are installed on ends of housing 1, sensor 11 is secured on first support screw 5. Housing 1 carries also right-hand orientation handle 13 with pushbutton 15 and left-hand orientation handle 14. Base 16 is fastened in central part of housing 1, controller 17 and supply compartment 18 being secured on base 16. Device for measuring rail flat canting contains housing 1 with fitted-on transport handle 2, right-hand support 3 and left-hand support 4. First support screw 5 and second support screw 6 are installed on right-hand support 3. And third support screw 7 and fourth support screw 8 are installed on left0hand support 4. Right-hand catcher 9 and left-hand catcher 10 are installed on ends of housing 1, first sensor 11 is secured on first support screw 5, and second sensor 19 is installed on fourth support screw 8. Housing 1 carries right-hand orientation handle 13 with pushbutton 15, and left-hand orientation handle 14. Base 16 with fitted-on controller 17 and supply compartment 18 is secured in central part of housing 1. Moreover, support 21 is connected to housing 1 through vertical rods in central part.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of measurements, increased accuracy and provision of operative measurement of parameters under checking.

3 cl, 2 dwg

 

Group of inventions relates to measuring devices for special purposes, in particular, to devices for measuring the individual geometric parameters of concrete sleepers, such as propellernet and podoloski podrelsovoe areas of concrete sleepers.

A device for measuring propellernet podrelsovoe areas of concrete sleepers, containing the horizontal ruler at the ends of a linear displacement sensors, grouped by four sensors at each end of the line, with spring-loaded probes in each group of sensors is oriented vertically and placed in the corners of an imaginary contour that blends into the contour of opposite them PokerSavvy pad, controller, power supply (see certificate for a utility model RF application No. 2001104198/20(004266) from 13.02.2001 g, St-No. 19049, bull. No. 22, 2001, br. 424).

For reasons that impede the achievement of specified following technical result, should include enough high precision measurements, due to the fact that the value of the controlled parameter is determined as a result of mathematical calculations, for which you need to use the testimony of all eight sensors are linear devices, and therefore the total measurement error under unfavorable combination of the years of the deviations of the data of all eight sensors can be substantial. In addition, strict requirements to the balancing device cause the possibility of systematic measurement error, which may significantly exceed the permissible value. Moreover, the use of sensors linear position with a sufficiently large stroke of the probe and at the same time with high accuracy, even in the quantity of eight pieces, greatly increases the cost of the device.

A device for measuring podoloski podrelsovoe areas of concrete sleepers, containing the horizontal ruler at the ends of a linear displacement sensors, grouped by four sensors at each end of the line, with spring-loaded probes in each group of sensors is oriented vertically and placed in the corners of an imaginary contour that blends into the contour of opposite them PokerSavvy pad, controller, power supply (see certificate for a utility model RF application No. 2001104198/20(004266) from 13.02.2001,).

For reasons that impede the achievement of specified following technical result, should include enough high precision measurements, due to the fact that the value of the controlled parameter is determined as a result of mathematical calculations, for which you need to use the testimony of all eight sensors linear p is ramadani device, therefore the total measurement error under unfavorable combination of deviations of data of all eight sensors can be substantial. In addition, strict requirements to the balancing device cause the possibility of systematic measurement error, which may significantly exceed the permissible value. Moreover, the use of sensors linear position with a sufficiently large stroke of the probe and at the same time with high accuracy, even in the amount of eight pieces significantly increases the cost of the device.

The closest device for measuring propellernet podrelsovoe areas of concrete sleepers to the claimed device in the group of inventions in essential traits is a device for measuring geometrical parameters podrelsovoe areas of concrete sleepers, namely their propellernet, comprising a housing in the form of a pipe, oriented with its longitudinal axis parallel to the horizontal axis of the sleepers, a handle for carrying the device, called handle transportation, made in the form of a vertical bracket fixed in the Central part of the body, the right support in the form of an oblong plate, horizontally fixed by means of the clip in the right side of the observer part of the body, referred to as the right hour of the completion of the hull and oriented with its longitudinal axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the sleepers, the left support in the form of an oblong plate, horizontally fixed by means of the clip in the left side of the observer part of the body, referred to as the left part of the body and oriented with its longitudinal axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the sleeper, with the longitudinal axis of the left support is removed from the longitudinal axis of the right support at such a distance that when the mind in combination with the transverse axis of symmetry of the left-side observer PokerSavvy site, referred to as the left platform, the longitudinal axis of the right support coincides with the transverse axis of symmetry of the right-side observer PokerSavvy site, referred to as the right venue, with the right support along its longitudinal axis from the outside , converts to sleeper, screwed two vertically oriented anchor screw, the distance between the axes of rotation of which are hard-coded and referred to as base length, with both anchor screw is placed within an imaginary path, the horizontal projection of which is inscribed in the contour of the right pad and located between the two vertical holes sleepers located in the area right area along its longitudinal axis of symmetry, symmetrical about its transverse axis of symmetry, while far from the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as the first reference point, and the one closest to the center of W is Aly technological hole referred to as a second reference point, thus closest to the observer abutment screw right support is referred to as the first anchor screw, and far from the observer abutment screw right support is referred to as the second anchor screw, the left support along its longitudinal axis from the side adjacent to the pole, screwed two vertically oriented anchor screw, the distance between the axes of rotation of which is equal to the base length, with two screws are located inside the imaginary circuit, the horizontal projection of which is inscribed in the contour of the left pad and located between the two vertical holes sleepers located in the area left of the site along its longitudinal axis of symmetry, symmetrical about its transverse the axis of symmetry, with the one closest to the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as a third reference point, and far from the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as the fourth reference point, while the middle to the observer abutment screw left support referred to as the third anchor screw, and far from the observer abutment screw left support is referred to as the fourth anchor screw, the part of the end surface of any of the supporting screws that come in the course of measurement in contact with part of the surface of the corresponding pad, referred to as the contact area is referred to as the contact area of the corresponding abutment screw, is that the surface area of any three anchor screws are located on the same horizontal plane (see Passport BP 141/1 00.000 PS Device for controlling propellernet adopted for the prototype).

For reasons that impede the achievement of specified following technical result should be attributed to the low accuracy of measurements, due to the subjective factor, as the dimension of the controlled parameter is carried out manually by measuring the gap between the contact area of the screw and the surface PokerSavvy sites using a set of standard probes in the form of calibrated by the thickness of the plates that are placed on the queue in the above-mentioned gap. Besides, the speed control when using the known device is quite low.

The closest device to measure podoloski podrelsovoe areas of concrete sleepers to the claimed device in the group of inventions in essential traits is a device for measuring geometrical parameters podrelsovoe areas of concrete sleepers, namely their podoloski, comprising a housing in the form of a pipe, oriented with its longitudinal axis parallel to the horizontal axis of the sleepers, a handle for carrying the device, called handle transportation, made in the form of a vertical bracket fixed in the Central part of the body, the right support in the form of an oblong plate, horizontally fixed using a clamp at the far right is on the side of the observer part of the body, referred to as the right part of the body and oriented with its longitudinal axis along the longitudinal axis of the sleepers, the left support in the form of an oblong plate, horizontally fixed by means of the clip in the left side of the observer part of the body, referred to as the left part of the body, and oriented with its longitudinal axis along the longitudinal axis of the sleepers, while the transverse axis of symmetry of the left support is removed from the transverse axis of symmetry of the right support at such a distance that when the mind in combination with the transverse axis of the left-side observer PokerSavvy site, referred to as the left platform, the transverse axis of symmetry of the right support coincides with the transverse axis of symmetry of the right side observer PokerSavvy site, referred to as the right venue, with the right support along its longitudinal axis from the side adjacent to the pole, screwed two vertically oriented anchor screw, the distance between the axes of rotation of which are hard-coded and referred to as base length, with both anchor screw is placed within an imaginary path, the horizontal projection of which is inscribed in the contour of the right pad and located between the two vertical holes sleepers located in the area right area along its longitudinal axis of symmetry, symmetrical about its transverse axis balanced and, while far from the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as the first reference point, and the one closest to the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as a second reference point, while far from the center of the sleepers supporting the screw right support is referred to as the first anchor screw, and near to the center of the sleepers supporting the screw right support is referred to as the second anchor screw, the left support along its longitudinal axis from the side adjacent to the pole, screwed two vertically oriented screw, the distance between the axes of rotation of which is equal to the base length, with two screws are located inside the imaginary circuit, the horizontal projection of which is inscribed in the contour of the left platform situated between two vertical holes sleepers located in the area left of the site along its longitudinal axis of symmetry, symmetrical about its transverse axis of symmetry, with the one closest to the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as a third reference point, and far from the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as the fourth reference point, while the middle to the center of the sleepers supporting the screw left support referred to as the third anchor screw, and far from the center of the sleepers supporting the screw left support is referred to as the fourth anchor screw, the portion of the end surface of any one of the anchor screws entering measured during the I in contact with the part surface platform, referred to as the contact area is referred to as the contact area of the corresponding abutment screw, and the level at which there are contact areas of the first and fourth anchor screws located above the level at which there are contact areas of the second and third anchor screws and the distance between these levels are hard-coded and referred to as the nominal height of the slope, a stand to hold the device during measurement in a vertical position, referred to as the stand, made in the form of a horizontal plate, which on its sides along its longitudinal axis has two vertical rods passing through holes in the Central part of the housing and spring-loaded relative to it (see Passport BP 141/2 00.000 PS Device for controlling podoloski adopted for the prototype).

For reasons that impede the achievement of specified following technical result should be attributed to the low accuracy of measurements, due to the subjective factor, as the dimension of the controlled parameter is carried out manually by measuring the gap between the contact area of the screw and the surface PokerSavvy sites using a set of standard probes in the form of calibrated by the thickness of the plates that are placed on the queue in the above-mentioned gap. Besides, the speed control when using known is tion of the device is quite low.

A single task, which directed the claimed group of inventions is to improve the efficiency of the process of measuring the geometrical parameters of concrete sleepers.

Unified technical result that meets the above problem, is to improve the accuracy and timeliness of the process of measuring the geometrical parameters of concrete sleepers.

Specified single technical result in the exercise of invention the device for measuring geometrical parameters podrelsovoe areas of concrete sleepers, namely their propellernet is achieved by the fact that in the known device for measuring geometrical parameters podrelsovoe areas of concrete sleepers, namely their propellernet, comprising a housing in the form of a pipe, oriented with its longitudinal axis parallel to the horizontal axis of the sleepers, a handle for carrying the device, called handle transportation, made in the form of a vertical bracket fixed in the Central part of the body, the right support in the form of an oblong plate, horizontally fixed by means of the clip in the right side of the observer part of the body called right part of the body and oriented with its longitudinal axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the sleepers, the left support in the form of an oblong plate, santalina fixed by means of the clip in the left side of the observer part of the body, referred to as the left part of the body and oriented with its longitudinal axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the sleeper, with the longitudinal axis of the left support is removed from the longitudinal axis of the right support at such a distance that when the mind in combination with the transverse axis of symmetry of the left-side observer PokerSavvy site, referred to as the left platform, the longitudinal axis of the right support coincides with the transverse axis of symmetry of the right-side observer PokerSavvy site, referred to as the right venue, with the right support along its longitudinal axis, from the side adjacent to the pole, screwed two vertically oriented anchor screw, the distance between the axes of rotation of which is rigidly defined and referred to as base length, with both anchor screw is placed within an imaginary path, the horizontal projection of which is inscribed in the contour of the right pad and located between the two vertical holes sleepers located in the area right area along its longitudinal axis of symmetry, symmetrical about its transverse axis of symmetry, while far from the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as the first reference point, and the one closest to the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as a second reference point, while the middle to the observer abutment screw right support is referred to as the first oporn the m screw, and far from the observer abutment screw right support is referred to as the second anchor screw, the left support along its longitudinal axis from the side adjacent to the pole, screwed two vertically oriented anchor screw, the distance between the axes of rotation of which is equal to the base length, with two screws are located inside the imaginary circuit, the horizontal projection of which is inscribed in the contour of the left pad and located between the two vertical holes sleepers located in the area left of the site along its longitudinal axis of symmetry, symmetrical about its transverse axis of symmetry, with the one closest to the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as a third reference point and far from the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as the fourth reference point, while the middle to the observer abutment screw left support referred to as the third anchor screw, and far from the observer abutment screw left support is referred to as the fourth anchor screw, the part of the end surface of any of the supporting screws that come in the course of measurement in contact with part of the surface of the corresponding pad, referred to as the contact area is referred to as the contact area of the corresponding abutment screw, while the surface area of any three anchor screws are located on the same horizontal plane is t, according to the invention additionally introduced right safety device in the form of a vertical rod attached to the right side of the body, left the safety device in the form of a vertical rod mounted in the left part of the body, the distance between the longitudinal axes of catching is equal to the distance between the vertical axes of symmetry of the first and fourth reference points, and the cross-section of each of the catching certainly less than the cross-section of any landmark, the linear displacement sensor named sensor, fixed on one of the anchor screws, for example on the first abutment screw that its spring-loaded probe, called a probe, is a continuation of the first anchor screw in the direction to the pole, with the first anchor screw screwed in the right bearing that in most advanced in the direction to the pole of the probe, the contact area of the latter is located below the horizontal plane in which lie the contact zone of the second, third, fourth anchor screws at a fixed distance, called the negative deviation, and the contact area maximum recessed in the direction from the sleepers of the probe is located above the horizontal plane in which lie the contact zone of the second, third, fourth anchor screws at a fixed distance, called the positive disturbances is the group of the right handle for the orientation of the device during measurement, referred to as right hand orientation, made in the form of a vertical bracket fixed in the right part of the body, the left handle to the orientation of the device during measurement, referred to as the left handle orientation, made in the form of vertical brackets, mounted in the left part of the body and right hand orientation is equipped with a button, a base in the form of a horizontal plate fixed in the Central part of the housing, a controller mounted on the base, battery compartment, attached to the bottom side of the base, the connecting wires placed inside the housing and connecting the sensor, click the right knob orientation, power module and the controller.

When considering the degree of influence of each of the essential features that make up the stated set on the achievement of specified following technical result, the applicant concluded that the presence of any of them is necessary but not sufficient to achieve a technical result, all together they ensure the adequacy, the materiality of signs, forming a stated set.

Specified single technical result, in the exercise of invention the device for measuring geometrical parameters podrelsovoe sites reinforced the sleepers, namely their podoloski is achieved by the fact that in the known device for measuring geometrical parameters podrelsovoe areas of concrete sleepers, namely their podoloski, comprising a housing in the form of a pipe, oriented with its longitudinal axis parallel to the horizontal axis of the sleepers, a handle for carrying the device, called handle transportation, made in the form of a vertical bracket fixed in the Central part of the body, the right support in the form of an oblong plate, horizontally fixed by means of the clip in the right side of the observer part of the body, referred to as the right part of the body and oriented with its longitudinal axis along the longitudinal axis of the sleepers, the left support in the form of oblong plate, horizontally fixed by means of the clip in the left side of the observer part of the body, referred to as the left part of the body and oriented with its longitudinal axis along the longitudinal axis of the sleepers, while the transverse axis of symmetry of the left support is removed from the transverse axis of symmetry of the right support at such a distance that when the mind in combination with the transverse axis of the left-side observer PokerSavvy site, referred to as the left platform, the transverse axis of symmetry of the right support coincides with the transverse axis of symmetry of the right-side observer PokerSavvy site, the names of the emnd right platform in the right support along its longitudinal axis from the side adjacent to the pole, screwed two vertically oriented anchor screw, the distance between the axes of rotation of which are hard-coded and referred to as base length, with both anchor screw is placed within an imaginary path, the horizontal projection of which is inscribed in the contour of the right pad and located between the two vertical holes sleepers located in the area right area along its longitudinal axis of symmetry, symmetrical about its transverse axis of symmetry, while far from the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as the first reference point, and the one closest to the center of the sleepers technological hole is called the second benchmark, while far from the center of the sleepers supporting the screw right support is referred to as the first anchor screw, and near to the center of the sleepers supporting the screw right support is referred to as the second anchor screw, the left support along the reference axis from the side adjacent to the pole, screwed two vertically oriented screw, the distance between the axes of rotation of which is equal to the base length, with two screws are located inside the imaginary circuit, the horizontal projection of which is inscribed in the contour of the left pad and located between the two vertical holes sleepers, is is suspended in the area left of the site along its longitudinal axis symmetry, symmetrically with respect to its transverse axis of symmetry, with the one closest to the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as a third reference point, and far from the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as the fourth reference point, while the middle to the center of the sleepers supporting the screw left support referred to as the third anchor screw, and far from the center of the sleepers supporting the screw left support is referred to as the fourth anchor screw, the part of the end surface of any of the supporting screws that come in the course of measurement in contact with part of the surface of the corresponding pad, referred to as the contact area is referred to as the contact area of the corresponding abutment screw, and the level at which there are surface area of the first and fourth anchor screws located above the level at which there are contact areas of the second and third anchor screws and the distance between these levels are hard-coded and referred to as the nominal height of the slope, a stand to hold the device during measurement in a vertical position, referred to as the stand, made in the form of a horizontal plate, which on its sides along its longitudinal axis has two vertical rods passing through holes in the Central part of the housing and spring-loaded relative to it, according to the invention it on the additional put right the safety device in the form of a vertical rod, enshrined in the right part of the body, left the safety device in the form of a vertical rod mounted in the left part of the body, the distance between the longitudinal axes of catching is equal to the distance between the vertical axes of symmetry of the first and fourth reference points, and the cross-section of each of the catching certainly less than the cross-section of any of the landmarks, the first linear displacement sensor, referred to as the first sensor, fixed on the first abutment screw that its spring-loaded probe, referred to as the first probe, is a continuation of the first anchor screw in the direction to the pole, the second sensor linear displacement, referred to as the second sensor, thus fixed on fourth abutment screw that its spring-loaded probe, referred to as the second probe is a continuation of the fourth anchor screw in the direction to the pole, while the first and fourth abutment screws so screwed respectively into the right and left bearing that in most advanced in the direction to the pole both probes, the distance between the level at which there are contact areas of both probes, and the level at which there are contact areas of the second and third anchor screws is less than the nominal height of the slope by an amount referred to as a negative deviation, and the maximum recessed in the direction away from the fires both probes, the distance between level, where are the contact zone of both probes, and the level at which there are contact areas of the second and third anchor screw is larger than the nominal height of the slope by an amount referred to as a positive deviation, the right handle for the orientation of the device during measurement, referred to as right hand orientation, made in the form of a vertical bracket fixed in the right part of the body, the left handle to the orientation of the device during measurement, referred to as the left handle orientation, made in the form of vertical brackets, mounted in the left part of the body and right hand orientation is equipped with a button, a base in the form of a horizontal plate fixed in the Central part of the housing, a controller mounted on the base, battery compartment, attached to the bottom side of the base, the connecting wires placed inside the housing and connecting the first and second sensors, button, battery compartment, the controller.

When considering the degree of influence of each of the essential features that make up the stated set on the achievement of specified following technical result, the applicant concluded that the presence of any of them necessary, but not sufficient to achieve a technical result, all together they ensure the adequacy, the materiality of signs, the shedding stated set.

The claimed group of inventions to meet the requirement of unity of invention, since a single object group of inventions forming a single General inventive concept, the invention relates to the objects of the invention one type, the same destination, providing the same technical result is fundamentally the same way.

Conducted by the applicant's analysis of the prior art, including searching by the patent and scientific and technical information sources did not allow the applicant to find on the filing date for both devices, the components of the claimed group of inventions, the set of essential features, which are completely identical (equivalent, identical) to the stated total. In addition, the applicant identified in relation to the prototype set of distinctive features, which are significant in relation to the perceived technical result. From this the conclusion on the compliance of each of the objects of invention the criterion of “novelty”.

For checking the conformity to each object of the claimed group of inventions is the criterion of “inventive step”, the applicant conducted an additional search of the known solutions to identify signs that match the distinctive features of the selected prototypes signs for each object declared g is uppy inventions. The applicant found that the hallmarks of representing structural elements known in themselves, but their mutual arrangement and location relative to the test object to (surface pads), in particular the mutual position of the contact area of the probe sensor and the surface area of the abutment screws along the base length for each object of the group of inventions, was not discovered by the applicant, as it is characterized in the claims. In addition, the total technical result to be obtained by mental attach each individual distinctive characteristic to the aggregate of features that make up the bounding part of the formula for each of the objects of the claimed group of inventions evaluated by the applicant as less significant than the declared technical result and not found the popularity of the influence of distinctive features for each object of the claimed group of inventions on a single technical result, which the applicant concluded according to the claimed group of inventions is the criterion of “inventive step”.

List of drawings

1 shows a General view of the device in the claimed group of inventions for measuring geometrical parameters podrelsovoe sites, namely their propellers the property.

Figure 2 shows a General view of the device in the claimed group of inventions for measuring geometrical parameters podrelsovoe sites, namely their podoloski.

Information confirming the possibility of implementation of each object of the claimed group of inventions with obtaining the specified technical result.

Device for measuring geometrical parameters podrelsovoe areas of concrete sleepers, namely their propellernet (figure 1) includes a housing 1 in the form of a pipe, oriented with its longitudinal axis parallel to the longitudinal axis of the sleepers, the handle 2 carrying device, called handle transportation, made in the form of a vertical bracket fixed in the Central part of the body, the right support 3 in the form of an oblong plate, horizontally fixed using a clamp at the right side of the housing 1 and is oriented with its longitudinal axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the sleepers, the left support 4 in the form of an oblong plate, horizontally fixed by means of the clip in the left part of the body 1 and oriented with its longitudinal axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the sleeper, with the longitudinal axis of the left support 4 is removed from the longitudinal axis of the right support 3 at such a distance that when mental combination of the longitudinal axis of the right support 3 with the transverse axis of symmetry of the right platform, trailing the camping left support 4 coincides with the transverse axis of symmetry of the left platform, in the right support 3 along its longitudinal axis from the side adjacent to the pole, screwed two vertically oriented anchor screw, the distance between the axes of rotation of which are hard-coded and referred to as base length, with both anchor screw is placed within an imaginary path, the horizontal projection of which is inscribed in the contour of the right pad and located between the two vertical holes sleepers located in the area right area along its longitudinal axis of symmetry, symmetrical about its transverse axis of symmetry, while far from the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as the first reference point, and near to the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as the second reference point, while the middle to the observer abutment screw right support 3 is referred to as the first anchor screw 5, and far from the observer abutment screw right support 3 is referred to as the second anchor screw 6, the left support 4 along its longitudinal axis from the side adjacent to the pole, screwed two vertically oriented anchor screw, the distance between the axes of rotation of which is equal to the base length, with both anchor screw is placed within an imaginary path, the horizontal projection of which is inscribed in the contour of the left pad and located between the two vertical technological hole at back the s sleepers, located in the area left of the site along its longitudinal axis of symmetry of the symmetrical about its transverse axis of symmetry, with the one closest to the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as a third reference point, and far from the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as the fourth reference point, while the middle to the observer abutment screw left support 4 is referred to as the third anchor screw 7, and far from the observer abutment screw left support 4 is referred to as the fourth anchor screw 8, with the end faces of any of the supporting screws that come in the course of measurement in contact with part of the surface of the corresponding pad, referred to as the contact area, referred to as contact area of the corresponding abutment screw, while the surface area of the second 6, third 7, 8 fourth anchor screws are located on the same horizontal plane, the right-hand safety device 9 in the form of a vertical rod attached to the right side of the housing 1, left the safety device 10 in the form of a vertical rod attached to the left side of the housing 1, the distance between the longitudinal axes of catching 9 and 10 is equal to the distance between the vertical axes of symmetry of the first and fourth reference points, and the cross-section of each of the catching 9 and 10 certainly less than the cross-section of any of the benchmarks, the sensor 11 linear displacements, and the enemy sensor, secured to the first anchor screw 5 that its spring-loaded probe 12, called a probe, is a continuation of the first anchor screw 5 in the direction to the pole, with the first anchor screw 5 so screwed in right foot 3 that in most advanced in the direction of the sleepers of the probe, the contact area of the latter is located below the horizontal plane in which lie the surface area of the second 6, third 7, 8 fourth anchor screws at a fixed distance, called the negative deviation, and the contact area maximum recessed in the direction from the sleepers of the first probe is located above the horizontal plane where are the contact zone of the second 6, third 7, 8 fourth anchor screws at a fixed distance, called the positive deviation, right hand orientation 13, made in the form of a vertical bracket fixed in the right side of the housing 1, the left handle 14 orientation, made in the form of a vertical bracket fixed on the left side of the casing 1, and the right handle 13 orientation has a button 15, a base 16 in the form of a horizontal Board attached in the Central part of the housing 1, the controller 17 mounted on the base 16, the battery compartment 18, attached to the bottom side of the base 16, the connecting wires inside the housing 1 and connects on tcic 11, the button 15, the controller 17, the battery compartment 18.

The device operates as follows.

Before starting the measurement must be carried out calibration of the device. For this control, the wizard raises the device 14 for the left and right handle 13 orientation and brings them to the calibration plate. Then push the button 15, the controller 17 switches from the “sleep” mode, which ensures minimum consumption of electricity from the power source located in the battery compartment 18, in the normal operation mode.

Control wizard puts the device on a horizontal calibration plate. When the probe 18 occupies a position in which the contact area is on one level with the contact zones of the second 6, third 7 and 8 fourth anchor screws. Control master registers in memory controller 17 using the keyboard controller 17 this dimension, as a reference and closes access to the keyboard controller 17. The unit is ready for operation. Carrying device to the control object (the sleeper) is carried out by the handle 2 transportation.

For the measurement, the operator raises the device for right 13 left 14 of the handle orientation and brings them to the pole. Setting catchers 9 and 10 in the first and second orientations, the operator presses and releases the button 15, and then puts the device to contact about the priori screws 6,7,8 and probe 12 with the surfaces of the right and left platforms. After a certain time, defined when configuring the controller 17, after the calming of the probe 12, the memory controller 17 automatically filled in with the value of the measured parameter (propellernet) as deviations from the reference, indicating the sign of the deviation and while displaying it on the display controller 17. However, if the deviation of the parameter does not exceed the allowable value, the controller 17 initiates the audio signal of one pitch, if this deviation exceeds the allowable, the controller 17 initiates the audio signal a different key. After that, the operator raises the device by the handle transportation 2 and transfers it to the next object control (the sleeper).

The device (2) for measuring geometrical parameters podrelsovoe areas of concrete sleepers, namely their podoloski includes a housing 1 in the form of a pipe, oriented with its longitudinal axis parallel to the longitudinal axis of the sleepers, the handle 2 carrying device, called handle transportation, made in the form of a vertical bracket fixed in the Central part of the body, the right support 3 in the form of an oblong plate, horizontally fixed using a clamp at the right side of the housing 1 and is oriented with its longitudinal axis along the longitudinal axis of the sleepers, the left support 4 in the form of an oblong plate, horizontally ukreplenii using the clip to the left side the body 1 and oriented with its longitudinal axis along the longitudinal axis of the sleepers, thus the transverse axis of symmetry of the left support 4 is removed from the transverse axis of symmetry of the right support 3 at such a distance that when mental combination of the transverse axis of symmetry of the right support 3 with the transverse axis of symmetry of the right platform, the transverse axis of symmetry of the left support 4 coincides with the transverse axis of symmetry of the left platform, with the right support 3 along its longitudinal axis from the side adjacent to the pole 3, inserted into two vertically oriented anchor screw, the distance between the axes of rotation of which are hard-coded and referred to as base length, with both anchor screw is placed within an imaginary path, the horizontal projection which is inscribed in the contour of the right pad and located between the two vertical holes sleepers located in the area right area along its longitudinal axis of symmetry, symmetrical about its transverse axis of symmetry, while far from the center of the sleepers hole referred to as the first reference point, and near to the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as a second reference point, while far from the center of the sleepers supporting the screw right support 3 is referred to as the first anchor screw 5, but close to the center of the sleepers supporting the screw right support 3 is referred to as the second anchor screw 6, the left support 4 along its longitudinal axis screwed two vertically intended the data support screw, the distance between the axes of rotation of which is equal to the base length, with both anchor screw is placed within an imaginary path, the horizontal projection of which is inscribed in the contour of the left pad and located between the two vertical holes sleepers located in the area left of the site along its longitudinal axis of symmetry of the symmetrical about its transverse axis of symmetry, with the one closest to the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as a third reference point, and far from the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as the fourth reference point, while the middle to the center of the sleepers supporting the screw left support 4 is referred to as the third anchor screw 7, and far from the center of the sleepers supporting the screw left support 4 is referred to as the fourth anchor screw 8, with the end faces of any of the supporting screws that come in the course of measurement in contact with part of the surface of the corresponding pad, referred to as the contact area is referred to as the contact area of the corresponding abutment screw, and the level at which there are contact zones of the first 5 and 8 fourth anchor screws are located above the level at which there are contact zones of the second 6 and third 7 anchor screws and the distance between these levels are hard-coded and referred to as the nominal height of the slope, right lo Italy 9 in the form of a vertical rod, fixed in the right side of the case 1, left the safety device 10 in the form of a vertical rod attached to the left side of the housing 1, the distance between the longitudinal axes of catching 9 and 10 is equal to the distance between the vertical axes of symmetry of the first and fourth reference points, and the cross-section of each of the catching 9 and 10 certainly less than the cross-section of any of the landmarks, the first sensor 11 linear movements, referred to as the first sensor secured to the first anchor screw 5 that its spring-loaded probe 12, referred to as the first probe, is a continuation of the first anchor screw 5 in the direction to the pole, the second sensor 13 linear movements, referred to as the second sensor, thus fixed on the fourth abutment screw 8 that its spring-loaded probe 14, referred to as the second probe is a continuation of the fourth bearing screw 8 in the direction to the pole, with the first 5 and 8 fourth abutment screws so screwed respectively into the right 3 and left 4 pillars that when maximally extended in the direction of the sleepers both probes 12 and 20, the distance between the level at which there are contact areas of both probes 12 and 20, and the level at which there are contact zones of the second 6 and third 7 anchor screws is less than the nominal height of the slope by an amount referred to as a negative deviation, and when the Mac the distribution panel is minimal recessed in the direction of the sleepers both probes 12 and 20, the distance between the level where are the contact zone of both probes 12 and 20, and the level at which there are contact zones 6 and the second 7 third anchor screw is larger than the nominal height of the slope by an amount referred to as a positive deviation, right hand orientation 13, made in the form of a vertical bracket fixed in the right side of the housing 1, the left handle orientation 14 made in the form of a vertical bracket fixed on the left side of the casing 1, and the right handle orientation 15 has a button 15, a base 16 in the form of a horizontal plate fixed in the Central part of the housing 1, the controller 17, mounted on the base 16, the battery compartment 18, attached to the bottom side of the base 16, the connecting wires placed inside the housing and connecting the first 11, 19 second sensors, the button 15, the controller 17, the battery compartment 18, in addition, the device includes a stand 21, made in the form of a horizontal plate, which on its sides along its longitudinal axis has two vertical rods passing through holes in the Central part of the housing 1 and the spring relative to it.

The device operates as follows.

Before starting the measurement must be carried out calibration of the device. For this control, the wizard raises the device 14 for the left and right handle 13 orientation and brings the calibration plate. Then push the button 15, the controller 17 switches from the “sleep” mode, which ensures minimum consumption of electricity from the power source located in the battery compartment 18, in the normal operation mode.

Control wizard puts the device on the calibration plate in the form of the standard sleepers, each of podrelsovoe sites which has a height of slope equal with a high degree of accuracy the nominal height of the slope (7.5 mm). After calming probes 12 and 20 master control registers in the memory controller 17 using the keyboard controller 17 this dimension as reference. The unit is ready for operation.

For the measurement, the operator raises the device for right 13 left 14 of the handle orientation and brings them to the pole. Setting catchers 9 and 10 in the first and second orientations, the operator presses and releases the button 15, after omits the device to the contact probes 12 and 20, and the second 6 and third 7 anchor screws with surfaces podrelsovoe sites. After the time defined in the configuration of the controller 17, after calming probes 12 and 20 to the memory controller 17 automatically loads the values of the measured parameters, namely: pagoclone right platform and pagoclone the left platform, and as deviations from the reference values of the nominal height of the slope, is equal to 7.5 mm, indicating the Naka deviations. The values of measured parameters are displayed on the display controller 17. In addition, if the deviation does not exceed, the controller 17 initiates the audio signal of one pitch, and if the deviation exceeds the allowable, the controller 17 initiates the audio signal a different key. After that, the operator raises the device by the handle transportation 2 and moves to the next object control (the sleeper).

Thus, the above findings suggest that the use of the claimed group of inventions tool embodying the claimed invention is intended for use in industry, namely in the measurement of geometrical parameters of concrete sleepers, namely their propellernet and podoloski, in addition to the claimed group of inventions, as it is described in the independent claims, confirmed the possibility of its implementation using the above tools. The use of the device significantly, compared with the prototype, to improve the accuracy of measured parameters, because of the measurement process eliminates the subjective factor in the form of a manual operation measurement using calibrated probes the gap between the base of the screw and the surface PokerSavvy site. Compared with analogue, the precision value is positive increases, because the composition of the resulting measurement error according to the claimed invention included an error of only one sensor linear displacement, and included in the analog error eight sensors, in addition, compared with the prototype significantly increases the efficiency of control of geometrical parameters of the sleepers, additionally, the measurement is performed by one operator at a time, as in the measurement with the device of the prototype requires two operators. Compared with similar also increases the speed of measurement, as the decay time after installation on the pole when using a device similar to more, due to the mobility of all eight sensors. In addition, when the deregulation of the device-similar may experience significant systematic error. Therefore, the claimed group of inventions meets the criterion of “industrial applicability”.

1. Device for measuring geometrical parameters podrelsovoe areas of concrete sleepers, namely their propellernet, comprising a housing in the form of a pipe, oriented with its longitudinal axis parallel to the horizontal axis of the sleepers, a handle for carrying the device, called handle transportation, made in the form of a vertical bracket fixed in the Central part of the body, the right leg in the form of an elongated who lastine, horizontally fixed by means of the clip in the right side of the observer part of the body, referred to as the right part of the body and oriented with its longitudinal axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the sleepers, the left support in the form of an oblong plate, horizontally fixed by means of the clip in the left side of the observer part of the body, referred to as the left part of the body and oriented with its longitudinal axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the sleeper, with the longitudinal axis of the left support is removed from the longitudinal axis of the right support at such a distance that when the mind in combination with the transverse axis of symmetry of the left-side observer PokerSavvy site, referred to as the left platform, longitudinal axle right bearing coincides with the transverse axis of symmetry of the right-side observer PokerSavvy site, referred to as the right venue, with the right support along its longitudinal axis from the side adjacent to the pole, screwed two vertically oriented anchor screw, the distance between the axes of rotation, which are hard-coded and referred to as base length, with both anchor screw is placed within an imaginary path, the horizontal projection of which is inscribed in the contour of the right pad and located between the two vertical holes sleepers located in the zone p is ava sites along its longitudinal axis of symmetry, symmetrically with respect to its transverse axis of symmetry, while far from the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as the first reference point, and near to the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as a second reference point, while the middle to the observer abutment screw right support is referred to as the first anchor screw, and far from the observer abutment screw right support is referred to as the second anchor screw, the left support along its longitudinal axis from the side adjacent to the pole, screwed two vertically oriented anchor screw, the distance between the axes of rotation of which is equal to the base length, with two screws are located inside the imaginary circuit, the horizontal projection which is inscribed in the contour of the left pad and located between the two vertical holes sleepers located in the area left of the site along its longitudinal axis of symmetry, symmetrical about its transverse axis of symmetry, with the one closest to the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as a third reference point, and far from the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as the fourth reference point, while the middle to the observer abutment screw left support referred to as the third anchor screw, and far from the observer abutment screw left support is referred to as the fourth anchor screw, and the end portion p of the surface of any one of the anchor screws come during measurements in contact with part of the surface of the corresponding pad, referred to as the contact area is referred to as the contact area of the corresponding abutment screw, while the surface area of any three anchor screws are located on the same horizontal plane, characterized in that it additionally introduced right safety device in the form of a vertical rod attached to the right side of the body, left the safety device in the form of a vertical rod mounted in the left part of the body, the distance between the longitudinal axes of catching is equal to the distance between the vertical axes of symmetry of the first and fourth reference points, and the cross-section of each of the catching certainly less than the cross-section any reference sensor linear displacement, referred to as sensor, fixed on one of the anchor screws, for example on the first abutment screw that its spring-loaded probe, called a probe, is a continuation of the first anchor screw in the direction to the pole, with the first anchor screw screwed in the right bearing that in most advanced in the direction to the pole of the probe contact area of the latter is located below the horizontal plane in which lie the contact zone of the second, third, fourth anchor screws at a fixed distance, imenu is my negative deviation, and the contact area maximum recessed in the direction from the sleepers of the probe is located above the horizontal plane in which lie the contact zone of the second, third, fourth anchor screws at a fixed distance, called the positive deviation, right handle for the orientation of the device during measurement, referred to as right hand orientation, made in the form of a vertical bracket fixed in the right part of the body, the left handle to the orientation of the device during measurement, referred to as the left handle orientation, made in the form of vertical brackets, mounted in the left part of the body and right hand orientation has a button, the base in a horizontal a plate fixed in the Central part of the housing, a controller mounted on the base, battery compartment, attached to the bottom side of the base, the connecting wires placed inside the housing and connecting the sensor, click the right knob orientation, power module and the controller.

2. Device for measuring geometrical parameters podrelsovoe areas of concrete sleepers, namely their podoloski, comprising a housing in the form of a pipe, oriented with its longitudinal axis parallel to the horizontal axis of the sleepers, a handle for carrying the device, called handle transportation, made in the form of a vertical bracket C is enshrined in the Central part of the body, the right support in the form of an oblong plate, horizontally fixed by means of the clip in the right side of the observer part of the body, referred to as the right part of the body and oriented with its longitudinal axis along the longitudinal axis of the sleepers, the left support in the form of an oblong plate, horizontally fixed by means of the clip in the left side of the observer part of the body, referred to as the left part of the body and oriented with its longitudinal axis along the longitudinal axis of the sleepers, while the transverse axis of symmetry of the left support is removed from the transverse axis of symmetry of the right support at such a distance that when the mind in combination with the transverse axis of the left-side observer PokerSavvy site, referred to as the left platform, the transverse axis of symmetry of the right support coincides with the transverse axis of symmetry of the right-side observer PokerSavvy site, referred to as the right venue, with the right support along its longitudinal axis from the side adjacent to the pole, screwed two vertically oriented anchor screw, the distance between the axes of rotation of which are hard-coded and referred to as base length, with both anchor screw is placed within an imaginary path, the horizontal projection of which is inscribed in the contour of the right pad and located between the two vertical technology is tertiary sleepers, located in the area right area along its longitudinal axis of symmetry, symmetrical about its transverse axis of symmetry, while far from the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as the first reference point, and near to the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as a second reference point, while far from the center of the sleepers supporting the screw right support is referred to as the first anchor screw, and near to the center of the sleepers supporting the screw right support is referred to as the second anchor screw, the left support along its longitudinal axis from the side adjacent to the pole, screwed two vertically oriented screw, the distance between the axes of rotation of which is equal to the base length when both screws are located inside the imaginary circuit, the horizontal projection of which is inscribed in the contour of the left pad and located between the two vertical holes sleepers located in the area left of the site along its longitudinal axis of symmetry, symmetrical about its transverse axis of symmetry, with the one closest to the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as a third reference point, and far from the center of the sleepers technological hole referred to as the fourth reference point, while the middle to the center of the sleepers supporting the screw left support referred to as the third anchor screw, and far from the center of the sleepers supporting the screw left the pores is referred to as the fourth anchor screw, in this part of the end surface of any of the supporting screws that come in the course of measurement in contact with part of the surface of the corresponding pad, referred to as the contact area is referred to as the contact area of the corresponding abutment screw, and the level at which there are contact areas of the first and fourth anchor screws located above the level at which there are contact areas of the second and third anchor screws and the distance between these levels are hard-coded and referred to as the nominal height of the slope, a stand to hold the device during measurement in a vertical position, referred to as the stand, made in the form of a horizontal plate on which the edges along its longitudinal axis has two vertical rods passing through holes in the Central part of the housing and spring-loaded with respect to it, characterized in that it additionally introduced right safety device in the form of a vertical rod attached to the right side of the body, left the safety device in the form of a vertical rod mounted in the left part of the body, the distance between the longitudinal axes of catching is equal to the distance between the vertical axes of symmetry of the first and fourth reference points, and the cross-section of each of the catching certainly less than the transverse cross the Oia any of the landmarks, the first linear displacement sensor, referred to as the first sensor, fixed on the first abutment screw that its spring-loaded probe, referred to as the first probe, is a continuation of the first anchor screw in the direction to the pole, the second sensor linear displacement, referred to as the second sensor, thus fixed on the fourth abutment screw that its spring-loaded probe, referred to as the second probe is a continuation of the fourth anchor screw in the direction to the pole, while the first and fourth abutment screws so screwed respectively into the right and left bearing that in most advanced in the direction to the pole both probes distance between levels, which are the contact zone of both probes, and the level at which there are contact areas of the second and third anchor screws is less than the nominal height of the slope by an amount referred to as a negative deviation, and the maximum recessed in the direction from sleepers both probes, the distance between the level at which there are contact areas of both probes, and the level at which there are contact areas of the second and third anchor screw is larger than the nominal height of the slope by an amount referred to as a positive deviation, the right handle for the orientation of the device during measurement, referred to as right hand orientation, will the United in the form of a vertical bracket, enshrined in the right part of the body, the left handle to the orientation of the device during measurement, referred to as the left handle orientation, made in the form of vertical brackets, mounted in the left part of the body and right hand orientation is equipped with a button, a base in the form of a horizontal plate fixed in the Central part of the housing, a controller mounted on the base, battery compartment, attached to the bottom side of the base, the connecting wires placed inside the housing and connecting the first and second sensors, button, battery compartment, the controller.



 

Same patents:

Track gauge // 2245956

FIELD: railway transport; permanent way facilities.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for checking parameters of track. Proposed track gauge contains housing, device for measuring gauge width with movable and fixed stops to thrust against rail heads, rail level measuring device and device to measure ordinates and grooves of switches. Including vernier with stop to thrust against head of move-off rail or counterrail and interacting with digital indicators on gauge housing. Vernier is provided with additional stop to thrust against non-worn-out part of rail head. Rail side wear detector interacting with vernier is installed on gauge housing.

EFFECT: enlarged operating capabilities of track gauge, reduced errors in measurement.

2 cl, 3 dwg

The invention relates to a device for measuring deviations of geometrical parameters of the rails during the operation, repair and construction of railway tracks

The invention relates to a device for measuring the position of the railway operation and repair

Track template // 2091534

Track template // 2091533
The invention relates to a device for measuring parameters of the track and can be used for measurements of parameters of railway tracks in the area turnouts

The invention relates to a device for the measurement of the radius of the curve of the turn track in the plan and can be used in a mobile instrumentation laboratories railway and other transport and its control systems

The invention relates to railway transport, in particular to measurement and control used in the construction and operation of rail ways, specifically to a device for controlling and measuring the relative position of the holes butt connection of rails and their relative position to the end of the rail

The invention relates to the control of the state railway

The invention relates to a measuring and control technology, designed to check the status of the railroad tracks

The invention relates to the field of control of the railroad bed

The invention relates to a device for non-destructive condition monitoring of railway track

The invention relates to non-destructive condition monitoring of railway track

The invention relates to rail transport, and is intended for monitoring and evaluation of the condition of the rails

The invention relates to the field of electrification of railway transport, in particular measuring technique for the measurement of wear of the rail head

The invention relates to measuring technique and can be used for contactless measurement of the deviations of the rail in one or more planes from spicy line with simultaneous measurement of twisting and raznovysotnoet rail

FIELD: railway transport; measuring facilities.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to special purpose devices for measuring separate geometric parameters of reinforced concrete ties, i.e. propelling and canting of rail flats on reinforced concrete ties. Proposed device contains housing 1 with fitted-on transport handle 2, right-hand support 3 and left-hand support 4. First support screw 5 and second support screw 6 are installed on right-hand support 3, third support screw 7 and fourth support screw 8 are installed on left-hand support 4, right-hand catcher 9 and left-hand catcher 10 are installed on ends of housing 1, sensor 11 is secured on first support screw 5. Housing 1 carries also right-hand orientation handle 13 with pushbutton 15 and left-hand orientation handle 14. Base 16 is fastened in central part of housing 1, controller 17 and supply compartment 18 being secured on base 16. Device for measuring rail flat canting contains housing 1 with fitted-on transport handle 2, right-hand support 3 and left-hand support 4. First support screw 5 and second support screw 6 are installed on right-hand support 3. And third support screw 7 and fourth support screw 8 are installed on left0hand support 4. Right-hand catcher 9 and left-hand catcher 10 are installed on ends of housing 1, first sensor 11 is secured on first support screw 5, and second sensor 19 is installed on fourth support screw 8. Housing 1 carries right-hand orientation handle 13 with pushbutton 15, and left-hand orientation handle 14. Base 16 with fitted-on controller 17 and supply compartment 18 is secured in central part of housing 1. Moreover, support 21 is connected to housing 1 through vertical rods in central part.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of measurements, increased accuracy and provision of operative measurement of parameters under checking.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: railway transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of diagnosing condition of railway and street car tracks. Proposed device contains detectors designed for measuring deviation of gauge and position of track by level of sags, humps and cavities connected with contact members. Device contains also vertical parallel, inner and outer posts, rollers made for interaction with side working inner surfaces of side track, rollers made for interaction with upper working surfaces of rail track, jambs some ends of which are connected with roller races and others, with corresponding posts. One of detectors is made in form of dial indicator, being arranged on one of inner posts and coupled with roller-type contact elements made for interaction with side working inner surfaces of track. Rod of said indicator is in contact with upper end of other inner post. Springs are placed between inner post. Springs are placed between inner posts in upper and lower parts, mounted on upper surface of two pairs of bosses fitted on one axle. Holes are made in inner posts. Axle with bushing is placed in inner posts. Bracket is connected by one end to bushing, and other end of bracket serves for fastening to floor of test car. Second detector is made in form of metric rule secured to inner post, and two pointers secured on upper end faces of outer posts. Two pairs of slots are made on outer posts. Slots are arranged on one axis and they accommodate pins installed for movement. Pins are provided with stops from outer and inner parts of posts.

EFFECT: improved reliability of device, reduced cost, possibility of reading results of measuring directly from detectors.

2 dwg

Up!