Method for performing complex express-control of human physical condition

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves applying a set of reference values like body mass, arterial blood pressure, pulse rate in rest state and general physical condition values. Exercise stress is sequentially applied for evaluating vertebral column flexibility, response quickness, dynamic leg force, speed-and-force tolerance. Each value is compared to a reference value, the differences of each item between reference and actual values are summed and the total value is interpreted in terms of complex human physical condition.

EFFECT: high reliability of the method; simplified testing process requiring no complex and expensive equipment and high skill personnel.

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The invention relates to medicine and can be used for rapid control of the condition of people engaged in physical culture and sports with the aim of monitoring the health, performance, response of the body to exercise, timely correction of these loads and to develop further strategies training.

There is a method of determining the fatigue athlete in cyclic activities [1], according to which the subject place the test load in the form of primary activity of the given intensity, such as running, running on the treadmill with a certain amount of speed tape, measure the heart rate (CIOs) in the period of optimal health. At the time of determination of fatigue again make a test load corresponding to the intensity previously measured value Czos, calculate the change in the load test and the fatigue index. When the index value is greater than zero, determine the fatigue calculated by the formula. The disadvantage of this method is its complexity, the need for a large number of auxiliary equipment (treadmill, ECG machine, ECG signal Converter in pulse heart rate and other) and the resulting large hardware errors, as well as the inability to perform measurements on their own, without the assistance of a qualified the new specialist. In addition, this method allows you to define only one component of the physical state of health and does not allow to assess the level of physical condition in the complex.

There is a method of determining physical performance [2], according to which perform single-stage exercise load submaximal doses register the functional state of the test before and after it for 3-4 minutes, thus take into account gender, body weight and age. To check the functional status using the index of maximum oxygen consumption, which is then scored. The disadvantage of this method is the need for complex auxiliary equipment, accounting for only one component of the physical condition of man, and that he designed for healthy people who are able without life-threatening to move the load in a submaximal doses

There is a method of determining the mobility of the spine, which can be used in particular for examination of healthy persons and athletes in the course of special training [3]. To implement this method on the spine area from the sixth to the vertebral column plaster strengthen a special device, which captures the movement of the vertebrae is ri the rotation (rotation in the horizontal plane. This method can be used to control the mobility of the spine involved in mass forms of physical education for the prevention of degenerative disc disease and its complications. The disadvantages of the method is the complexity, the need for special fixtures and honey. personnel, accounting for only one parameter - the mobility of the spine in the horizontal plane.

There is a method of determining the magnitude of the training load in healthy people [4]. The method includes testing the physical stress of running at a speed of 12 km/h, with fixed duration of running with the proposed rate, and the magnitude of the training load is determined by the formula Y=0,H-3,812, where X is the duration of the run. This method has the same drawbacks as the previous methods. The closest in technical essence is a way to determine the physical health of the person [5] by presenting him with dosed physical load and research of parameters of the cardiovascular system (SOS), for which the person is put on the seat of a certain height, have a load in the form of stevani from a seated position, measure the weight of a person in a sitting position, the path traveled by its center of gravity, the rate rising, calculate the load power according to the formula N=P×h×n

where N is the load power; R is the weight of the person; (h - path, p is Eugeny center of gravity of the person; n - tempo rising and settings of CCC - heart rate (HR) and load capacity determine physical performance.

The disadvantage of this method is the need for complex measurements, such value as the path traversed by the center of gravity, which requires a preliminary finding the center of gravity, and then the availability of hardware for measurement of the path traveled by the center of gravity. To measure required the presence of an assistant or honey. staff. The formula to determine the final health complex and require knowledge of additional physical characteristics of the test. In addition, this method allows you to define only one component of the physical state of health and does not allow to assess the level of physical condition in the complex.

Task to be solved by the inventive method is directed comprehensive quick inspection of the physical condition of the person, is to eliminate these disadvantages, namely simplification by eliminating complex instrumentation and participation of qualified honey. staff in its implementation, increasing the reliability of the results by taking into account several factors, including the level of physical status, and anthropometric data.

the problem is solved in that in the method of integrated rapid control of the physical condition of the person, including bringing him dosed physical load, unlike the prototype for each age group with regard to the constitutional type are determined by normative values of body weight, blood pressure, pulse, and indicators of physical condition and presentation of physical activity carried out sequentially to assess the flexibility of the spine, responsiveness, dynamic forces of the legs, speed-strength endurance, each indicator is compared with the target value of the difference between the normative and the actual score for each dimension summarize and largest amounts assess comprehensive physical condition of the person. The problem is solved also by the fact that in the present method for evaluating the flexibility of the human spine set on the step and place the load in the form of bending forward with straight at the knees, fixed point touch hands with storing the pose for 2 seconds, and the difference in readings of the actual touch and age norms judge the flexibility of the spine.

The problem is solved also by the fact that in the present method for evaluating responsiveness of the test person establish standing with outstretched forward guidance is so, to the edge of his palm was facing down, at a distance of 1-2 cm from the palm of the hand in the vertical direction is fixed to the ruler so that its zero mark was at the level of the lower edge of the palm, then the line is released, presenting to the subject person of the requirement to retard the fall line by pushing the fingers outstretched fist, measure the distance from the bottom edge of the palm to the zero mark of the ruler and the difference between the actual indications and age norms judge the quick response.

In addition, the problem is solved in that in the present method the test reaction was performed three times, zaschitila the best result.

The problem is solved also by the fact that in the present method to assess the dynamic forces of the legs the subject, standing sideways to the wall, without lifting the heels from the floor, shall touch the wall as high as possible by hand, then standing at a distance of 25-30 cm from the wall jumping from place up, starting with two legs and carrying out re-touch wall, the difference between the first and second taps determine the height of the jump and the difference between the actual value and the age limit is judged on dynamic leg strength.

In addition, the problem is solved also by the fact that in the present method to measure the maximum number of bending hands in push-up position for men and emphasis on the lap of W is nmin for 30 seconds, and the difference between the actual number of flexions with the age norm is judged on speed-strength endurance.

The principle of testing to assess the possibilities (both physical and mental) is widely known in practice. However, in the present method tests (in our case, physical activity) are selected in such a way as to give the most objective picture of the physical state of the examinee and provide a solution to this problem is to simplify the testing, to exclude the participation of qualified medical personnel, to make the method more reliable. In this case, each applicable job aside from the obvious result of additional information. Thus, when determining the flexibility, the person must keep the pose in a slope of not less than 2 sec. If you encounter difficulties with fixing poses during this time conclude that the impaired function of the brain vessels and the operation of the vestibular apparatus. This will lead to a subsequent adjustment of the training plan for the individual concerned, although at first glance the test passed successfully. Test dynamic leg strength provides additional information about the degree of stretching of the lateral muscles and the speed of reaction, because the touch you need to make the jump. Therefore a minimum number of simple tests achieves panagotopulos information about the physical condition of the person. These results can be translated into points and the number of points the subject and the coach easily monitor the dynamics, comparing the current and previous results.

A specific example of implementation of the method. Tested, a woman of 21 Each year of life gives one point, i.e. have 21 points. Determined by the body weight in accordance with the growth and constitutional type. Normal body weight is estimated at 30 points. For each kilogram above (below) the norm is deducted 5 points. The following defines blood pressure. However, the age norm for the age of 25 is determined by the formula ADsist=1,7×age+83; ADdiastole=1,6×age+12; Normal blood pressure is estimated at 30 points for every 5 mm RT. Art. above the norm will be deducted 5 points. Next, the pulse alone. For each hit is less than 90 receives 1 point. The test was 70 beats per minute, which gives 20 points. When the pulse rate is 90 or more strokes points are not awarded. Next, the flexibility of the spine. The woman in the tilt touched the level is below the zero point on the 8 see Age standard is 10 see For the shortfall of standard scores is withdrawn by 1 for every inch, i.e. the total amount of points is deducted 2 points. The following defines the speed of reaction. The test result was shown the result of 1 cm, 4 see worse age norms that are removed points, 2 for every inch, total minus 8 points. When determining the dynamic strength of the legs to be tested, standing sideways to the wall, touched the raised hand of the scale on the wall. Then, standing at 25 cm from the wall, jumping from place up, pushing two feet again touched the raised hand of the measurement scale. The difference between the two taps is measured. The result was 40 see This exceeds the normal for their age on 1 see For fulfillment of the standard 2 points are awarded for exceeding 1 cm - 2 points. A total of 4 points In the determination of speed-strength endurance frequency curls for 30 seconds. Was 28 times. This exceeds the age standard for 2 times, which gives an increase to the basic number of points for the fulfillment of the standard (4 points) 4×2=8 points. A total of 12 points. After summing up the scores and compare the resulting number with the number of points corresponding to age norms, make a conclusion about the level of the physical state of the examinee.

As a result of implementing the inventive method is carried out integrated assessment of the physical condition of the person. There is no one test that would be contraindicated even natrenirovannost man and the fulfillment of which could create a health hazard. Tests are selected in such a way that give the most complete the picture about the physical condition of the person, they are carried out independently, without participation of an assistant, do not use any hardware that eliminates the introduction of errors in measurement, simplifies and cheapens them. The whole complex measurements can be completed in a short period of time, which eliminates error from changes in environmental conditions such as atmospheric pressure, humidity, level of Earth's magnetic field, time of day, etc. developed normative reference values of indicators and formulas for the calculation of the scores in the testing process, you can simply and objectively assess the physical condition of the person the Number of tests is necessary and sufficient to obtain an objective picture.

Sources of information taken into account:

1. USSR author's certificate No. 1533654, publ. in BI No. 1, 1990

2. USSR author's certificate No. 1380728, publ. in BI No. 10, 1988

3. USSR author's certificate No. 1803038, publ. in BI No. 11, 1990

4. RF patent №2038042, publ. in BI No. 18, 1995

5. USSR author's certificate No. 1602456, publ. in BI No. 40, 1990 prototype.

1. The method of integrated rapid control of the physical condition of the person, including against him dosed physical load, characterized in that for each age group with regard to the constitutional type definition what are the normative values of body weight, blood pressure, pulse, and indicators of physical condition and presentation of physical activity carried out sequentially to assess the flexibility of the spine, responsiveness, dynamic power and leg speed-strength endurance, each indicator is compared with the target, the magnitude of the difference between target and actual performance in each dimension summarize and largest amounts assess comprehensive physical condition of the person.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that for the evaluation of flexibility of the human spine set on the step and place the load in the form of bending forward with straight at the knees, fixed point touch hands with preservation of poses within 2 s, and the difference in readings of the actual touch and age norms judge the flexibility of the spine.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that to assess the responsiveness of the test person establish standing with outstretched hand forward so that the edge of his palm was facing down, at a distance of 1-2 cm from the palm of the hand in the vertical direction is fixed to the ruler so that its zero mark was at the level of the lower edge of the palm, then the line is released, presenting to the subject person of the requirement to retard the fall line by pushing the fingers outstretched fist measure the distance from the bottom edge of the palm to the zero mark of the ruler and the difference between the actual indications and age norms judge the quick response.

4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that for measuring dynamic forces of the legs the subject, standing sideways to the wall, without lifting the heels from the floor, shall touch the wall as high as possible by hand, and then, standing at a distance of 25-30 cm from the wall, jumping from place up, starting with two legs and carrying out re-touch wall, the difference between the first and second taps determine the height of the jump and the difference between the actual value and the age limit is judged on dynamic leg strength.

5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the measured maximum number of curls in a lying position for men and focus on her knees in women over 30 and the difference between the actual number of flexions with the age norm is judged on speed-strength endurance.

6. The method according to any of claim 2 to 4, characterized in that the test is carried out three times, zaschitila the best result.



 

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