Information-security system for vehicles and immovable property objects

FIELD: transport engineering; security systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to radio-electronic systems used for monitoring immovable property objects and vehicles. Proposed system contains one or several dispatcher centers, personal information centers, stationary and carry-on alarm complexes. System is provided with over-territory distributed retransmission-radio direction finding network with retransmitters-radio direction finders made for reception of signals containing code messages from carry-on alarm complexes, measuring power of received signals and bearings of sources of radiation and transmission of said code messages and results of measurements to dispatcher center. Said dispatcher centers and at least part of personal information centers are made with possibility of access to external information sources. Stationary and carry-on alarm complexes are made for transmission of voice and text messages and video pictures by cellular mobile communication network. Dispatcher centers and personal information centers are made for reception of said voice, test messages and video pictures by cellular mobile communication network.

EFFECT: reduced level of false alarms at revealing of facts of unauthorized action onto objects under protection, improved reliability of location of hi-jacked vehicle.

3 cl, 6 dwg

 

The invention relates to electronic systems used for monitoring real estate (houses, apartments, garages etc) and mobile objects, mainly vehicles. The proposed system is designed to provide a rapid response to unauthorized impacts to protected objects, property or vehicle.

Known protection system, navigation and monitoring of stationary and moving objects, containing, in particular, are installed at each facility security sensors, audio equipment, video camera, navigation node and the connected processor designed to process the received information and dispatch center associated radio channel dened on objects by the processor and configured to obtain from them information signals about the location, move objects with the ability to centrally control the movement of a group of objects, collection and storage of data movement during a given time interval (RU # 2122239, G 08 In 25/10, 20.11.1998).

A disadvantage of the known system is in low range and low efficiency due to the limited range of the radio communication network. In addition, the known system does not allow you to interact with other var is Cherskii centers and directly with the owners of movable and immovable property.

The wider area has a monitoring system, information services, and protection of objects from unauthorized modification, containing telephony and data transmission, is connected to a paging communication network containing the carrier-block transfer data and installed on the objects subscriber receivers made with the possibility of the launch of beacon transmitters in the reception of paging communication network beacon codes, as well as distributed on the road network of stationary transceivers (transmitters)made with the possibility of receiving alarm signals from transmitters beacon type and with the possibility of sending messages about these signals, at least one of base stations associated with the information center which includes a series-connected unit and reception unit initial processing, the outputs of which are connected, respectively, to the registration unit and the imaging unit (DE NO. 4415052, 60 R 25/00, 02.11.1995).

The disadvantages of this system are the lack of interaction with external information sources and low-precision positioning of moving objects, for example, a stolen vehicle.

These drawbacks are eliminated in the patent RU NO. 2174923, 60 R 25/00, G 08 In 25/10, G 08 G 1/123, 20.10.2001, selected in kachestvenaia of the present invention. This system includes a telephone network for communication and data transmission, is connected to a paging communication network that includes subscriber unit data and its associated radio subscriber receivers installed on the protected sites, each of which is associated with sensors unauthorized exposure to the object, with the start block of the transmitter beacon type and with a control unit actuating device of the security system, for example immobilizer attached to the Executive device of the security system and configured to activate and deactivate actuators security systems, such as immobilizer, upon reception of the paging network connection, the special codes either by entering into a specially assigned area transponder cards (TC), in a digital memory which is fixed identification code of the subscriber system, and on the surface in certain fields marked protected by a special coating single application, such as paint, secret codes, visually accessible only after removing the protective coating, and geographically distributed network of relays-stations installed on traffic lights objects, poles street lighting, roofs of buildings and other stationary objects, with repeaters-radioplane the ora made with the possibility of receiving a code sent from the transmitter beacon type when carrying the object in the zone of operation of the relay-radio direction finder and with the possibility of transmission received messages, at least one of the base stations geographically distributed network of base stations, and an information center that contains one United block of data reception and block primary digital processing unit of the secondary processing, the block forming information messages and shaper of voice messages associated with a geographically distributed network of centers operational response unit receiving and processing messages from external information sources, the inputs of which are connected by channels with external information sources, the first output is connected to the corresponding input of the secondary processing, and the second output to the second input of the processing unit of the information messages, block registration and the display unit whose inputs are connected to respective outputs of the block primary digital processing, and outputs to the corresponding inputs of the secondary treatment unit, configured to determine the coordinates of objects on collection of data on the location of the relay-stations, received from a transmitter beacon type signals, the capacity of which exceeds the preset level and the measured values of powers received signals and bearings, and with the ability to determine and track the number of inclusions transmit the of IKI beacon type for financial calculations with subscribers of the system and automatic termination of subscriber service by the end of the period TC, or when the number of inclusions, higher than the face value of the LC, thus established in the interest of the subscribers of the system transmitters beacon type made with the possibility of transmission of the code setting of the object on the protection and registration code in the subscriber system, the control unit actuating device of the security system implemented with the possibility of reprogramming identification code subscriber system when changing its identification code TC, the centers rapid response is made with the possibility of registration and recording voice messages, and positioning of forces and means rapid response - Hiking outfits and patrol vehicles on the road network and call the nearest to radiant beacon transmitter type Hiking outfit or patrol car and manage the process of convergence with the object emitting the alarm, and the forces and means of the rapid response have equipment that enables the measurement of the polar coordinates of the beacon transmitter type, radiating the signal. In addition to available in the system information center introduced N - 1 information centers. Thus, formed a geographically distributed network of N information centers, where N is the number of operators in the system is neither. Also in the system dispatch center, which is in series connected additional unit of reception, an additional unit of primary digital processing block forming information message dispatch center and shaper voice message dispatch center, the output of which is connected to a geographically distributed network of centres of rapid response, with each of the base stations connected to the corresponding input unit receiving, in the control center and each additional output processing unit of the information messages the control center is connected to the input unit receiving the appropriate information center, each information center to the second output of the processing unit of the information messages connected to paging networks and the second output of the shaper voice message to the telephone network communication and data transfer.

The object of the present invention is an information security system for vehicles and real estate containing one or more control centers, N personal information centres connected to the telephone network of General use, M installed on the protected real estate stationary security systems, security alarm systems, and To the mouth of the established protected vehicle transportable complexes burglar alarm, geographically distributed relay-RDF network containing installed on traffic lights objects, poles street lighting, roofs and other urban infrastructure repeaters-radiotelepathy made with the possibility of receiving signals containing code sending, from the portable security systems, security alarm systems, power measurement of received signals and bearings on the radiation sources and the transfer of the relevant code of parcels and results of measurements of radio or wired communication channels to the control center, each stationary complex burglar alarm contains the block stationary security sensors, stationary object the target device connected to the telephone network of General use, and stationary actuators are designed to control access to the protected object properties, each transportable complex burglar alarm contains the unit of the portable security alarms, portable object the target device is connected by radio to repeater-RDF network, and the portable operation unit, configured to control access to a protected vehicle, the dispatch center includes a reception unit, made with the possibility of primarynav from relay-RDF network and connected to the host digital processing information, thus the nodes in the digital information processing and dispatch centers and at least part of the personal information centres made with the possibility of access to external information sources, while in the system of M stationary and transportable complexes burglar alarm made with the possibility of transmission over the cellular network mobile voice and text messaging as well as video frames, and control centers and N personal information that can receive cellular mobile networks specified voice, text messages and video frames, for which each of M stationary security systems, security alarm systems introduced are related to each other stationary unit, connected to a cellular network of mobile and stationary controller, the corresponding output of which is connected to a stationary object to a target device, and also connected in series stationary camera, the entrance of which is connected to one of the outputs of the stationary controller, and a stationary block of memory associated with a stationary controller, the number of inputs to a stationary controller is connected to the respective outputs of the block stationary security alarms, and the number of outputs of the stationary controller is suitable to the m stationary actuators, each To its own security systems, security alarm systems introduced are related to each other onboard controller and the portable radio modem connected to a cellular mobile network, as well as the Autonomous navigation unit, is made capable of receiving and processing signals of the global satellite navigation system, two associated with the portable controller camcorder - internal and external monitoring and associated with the portable controller onboard video memory unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of these cameras, and the output unit of the portable security alarms and Autonomous navigation unit is connected to the corresponding inputs of the portable controller, the outputs of which are connected to the corresponding transport Executive devices and to the input of the transportable object target device, each personal information center includes associated with one another cellular phone connected to a cellular mobile network, the adapter and is equipped with a geographical information system (GIS) personal computer connected to external information sources, each dispatch center entered the Central unit associated with a cellular mobile network and host digital processing information included in the control centre uz is l digital information processing performed by the correction capability video frames and joint display them on the background of the accompanying map and semantic information.

Private significant features of the invention are as follows.

The host digital processing information included in the control centre has a Central adapter and the display unit video, mapping and semantic information, as well as associated with each other, the Central server connected to the output of the reception unit and configured to communicate through a Central adapter with the Central radio and can receive data from external information sources, and the secondary unit of information processing, which consists of block coordinates, configured to determine the location of the vehicle according to the global satellite navigation system and measured by the relay-stations to values of powers of received signals and bearings on the sources radiation, block billing, and the correction block of the video and the input unit of the display video, mapping and semantic information connected to the output of the secondary information processing.

Stationary and transportable radio modems, included in the composition, respectively, stationary and portable security systems, security alarm systems, as well as a host of digital processing in the control centre and cell phones, included in the personal information centres made with the possibility of data transmission in GSM/GPRS, for example, in the form of MMS.

The present invention is the creation of information security systems for vehicles and real estate, which is characterized by a low level of false alarms in the detection of unauthorized impacts to protected objects, property and vehicle. This technical result is achieved by providing to the user and/or operator of the control center automatically and almost real-time information about the state changes of the protected vehicle and real estate and video frames, allowing him to analyze these changes with the use of video surveillance environment inside the protected object, and in the case of theft (theft) vehicle - to track the location of a stolen vehicle on the electronic plan of the territory with the use of global satellite navigation system and video cameras external observation.

The essence of the invention is illustrated in figure 1-6.

Figure 1 shows the structural diagram of the proposed information security systems for vehicles and real estate objects.

Figure 2 shows the structural diagram of the 1-St...N-th personal information center.

Figure 3 shows the structural diagram of the 1-St...M-th stationary complex burglar alarm.

Figure 4 shows a structural diagram 1...K-th transportable set the KSA burglar alarm.

Figure 5 shows a structural diagram of the control center.

Figure 6 shows the block diagram of the host digital processing.

Figure 1-6 the following notation is used:

1 - 1-th...N-th personal information center; 2 - cell phone; 3 - adapter; 4 - PC; 5 - stationary unit; 6 - transportable unit; 7 - 1...M-th stationary complex burglar alarm; 8 - 1-nd...-nd transportable complex burglar alarm; 9 - dispatch center; 10 - node digital information processing; 11 - Central server; 12 - unit secondary processing 13 - unit coordinates; 14 - block billing; 15 - correction block of the video image; a 16 - unit display video, mapping and semantic information; 17 - Central adapter; 18 - the Central unit; 19 - unit admission; 20 - repeater-RDF network; 21 - unit fixed security alarms; 22 - unit portable security alarms; 23 - stationary controller; 24 - transportable controller; 25 - stationary actuator; 26 - transportable actuators; 27 - stationary object the target device; 28 - transportable object the target device; a 29 - unit Autonomous navigation; 30 - stationary camera; 31 - stationary block RAM; 32 - camcorder internal monitoring; 33 - portable unit in which deopujari; 34 - camcorder external observation.

Consider information security system for vehicles and real estate contains (1) N personal information centres 1 at the disposal of the users of the protected vehicle and/or real estate, M installed on the protected real estate stationary complexes 7 security alarm system and installed on the protected vehicle transportable complexes of 8 intruder alarm system, and one or more control centers 9.

Each personal information center 1 (figure 2) contains linked with one another cellular telephone 2 connected to the cellular mobile network, the adapter 3 with GIS personal computer 4, is configured to input information from external information sources. For example, you can use the CD-ROM with electronic map of the given area, or information from the database about the state of the road network. Typically, the user also has at its disposal a landline telephone associated with the telephone network of General use.

Each of M stationary complexes 7 security alarm system includes (3) are related to each other stationary unit 5, connected to a cellular network of mobile and stationary controller 23, one the C output of which is connected to the input of a stationary object target device 27, connected to the telephone network of General use. In addition, in the stationary part of a complex of 7 intruder alarm system includes a stationary block 21 security alarms and stationary actuator 25, made with the inclusion of sound and light alarm, providing a repellent effect on users, and connected in series stationary video camera 30, the entrance of which is connected to one of the outputs of the stationary controller 23, and the stationary unit 31 of the video memory associated with the stationary controller 23. The number of inputs to a stationary controller 23 is connected to the corresponding outputs of the block 21 fixed security alarms, and the number of outputs of the stationary controller 23 to the respective stationary actuators 25.

Each To transportable complexes of 8 intruder alarm system includes (4) are related to each other transportable controller 24 and the portable unit 6 connected to the cellular mobile network. In addition, the composition of the transport complex of 8 intruder alarm system consists of unit 22 of the portable security alarms, portable object target device 28 that is connected by radio to repeater-RDF network 20, and the portable actuator 26, is arranged to control access to ohranyaemoj the vehicle, block 29 Autonomous navigation made with the possibility of receiving and processing signals of the global satellite navigation system (e.g., GPS), as well as two associated with the portable controller 24 camera - inner 32 and outer 34 observation carried by the block 33 of the RAM, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of these cameras 32 and 34. The output unit 22 of the portable security alarms and unit 29 Autonomous navigation connected to the corresponding inputs of the portable controller 24, a number of outputs which are connected to the corresponding portable actuators 26. In addition, the onboard controller 24 is connected with transportable unit 33 of VRAM and one of the outputs is connected to the portable object to the target device 28.

Dispatch center 9 contains (5) block 19 of the reception made with the possibility of receiving signals from relay-RDF network 20, and is connected to the node 10 digital information processing associated with the Central unit 18, which is the terminal of a cellular mobile network.

Consider the system (1) also contains geographically distributed relay-RDF network 20 that contains installed on traffic lights objects, poles street lighting, roofs and other urban infrastructure repeaters-glad obligatory, made with the possibility of receiving signals containing code packages from transportable complexes of 8 intruder alarm systems, power measurement of received signals and bearings on the radiation sources and the transfer of the relevant code of parcels and results of measurements of radio or wired communication channels to the control center 9.

This is part of the specified dispatch center 9 site 10 digital information processing contains (6) the Central adapter 17, configured to communicate with the Central unit 18, block 16 display video, mapping and semantic information, as well as associated with each other, the Central server 11, is configured to receive data from the block 19 and reception of external information sources, and the block 12 secondary information processing, which consists of block 13 coordinates, block 14 billing and block 15 correction of the video. Central adapter 17 is connected with a Central server 11, and the input unit 16 display video, mapping and semantic information connected to the output unit 12 of the secondary processing. Unit 13 coordinates determination is made with the ability to determine the location of the vehicle according to the global satellite navigation system and measured by the relay-stations the values of the capacities of received signals and direction to sources of radiation.

Stationary 5 carried by 6 units, included in the composition, respectively, 7 stationary and transportable 8 security systems, security alarm systems, as well as the node 10 digital information processing in the control centre 9 and cell phones 2, included in the personal information centres 1 made by data transmission in GSM/GPRS, for example, in the form of MMS.

Each personal information center 1 (figure 2) is an individual workstation logged in user (which may be more than one protected object) and is intended to provide the user individual information about the condition of protected sites and the location of the vehicle, as measured by block 29 Autonomous navigation, made for example on the basis of the GPS receiver. Typically used in cell phones 2 work in cellular networks mobile communication standard General radio packet data, created within the framework of the GSM system (GSM/GPRS). The adapter 3 is part of the series-produced-by the applicant satellite information retrieval system REEF GSM-3000 (see log for "12 Volt", №1 (56), 2004, p.10-12). The personal computer 4 is equipped with standard office software and GIS software designed to display current is mestopolojenie protected TC electronic plan service area and to align it with the frame surrounding areas. Such opportunities has, for example, GIS GeoBuilder" (certificate of conformity №ROSS RU.KP02.C00014)distributed on the commercial market, the firm" Geokinematics".

Stationary complex of 7 intruder alarm system (3) is designed to detect unauthorized impacts on the protected property and distance alerts for these user interactions, with the above-described personal information center 1.

Transport complex of 8 intruder alarm systems (figure 4) is designed to detect unauthorized impact on protected vehicle and remote alert to the user, having the above-described personal information center 1, and/or operator control centre 9.

The structure of the considered system may include several control centres 9. In figure 1 for simplicity shown only the dispatch center 9.

Dispatch center 9 (figure 5) is designed for corporate use, when simultaneously controlled by the location of several TC. Dispatch center 9 is a workstation operator. It contains the node 10 digital information processing (6) is designed for secondary data processing with the use and the formation of external information sources, determine the coordinates of the protected vehicle, display, video, mapping and semantic information, and billing, that is, actions of rating information services. Included in the node 10 in the digital information processing unit 16 display video, mapping and semantic information are equipped with a software package GIS, which can be used the above product GeoBuilder".

All the above units and assemblies of the claimed system (or their analogues) are used in security systems, vehicle and property previously by the applicant were obtained patent RU №2155684, 60 R 25/00, G 08 In 25/10, G 08 G 1/123, 10.09.2000, RU # 2174923, 60 R 25/00, G 08 B 25/10, G 08 G 1/123, 20.10.2001, RU # 2202484, 60 R 25/00, G 08 B 25/08, 20.04.2003, RU # 2214923, 60 R 25/00, 27.10.2003. The necessary technical information about them are also periodically updated directories of the enterprise-applicant "radio channel security system and Car security systems. The proposed use of a stationary camera 30 with the stationary unit 31 of the video and camcorder inner 32 and outer 34 observations with transportable unit 33 video designed for installation on the vehicle, also widely available on the commercial market of security systems (see, for example, advertising firms ROSSI, 2004). Possibility of displaying on the display of the frame images taken in the form of MMS is on GSM/GPRS networks have the most modern cellular phones Siemens, Nokia, Samsung, etc. So the possibility of practical realization of the proposed system is not in doubt.

Features of construction of the means of control of the forces of rapid response is beyond the scope of this invention and this application will not be considered.

Consider information security system for vehicles and real estate is as follows.

Suppose that the system contains N users, each of which features a personal information center 1, a block diagram is presented in figure 2. On cell phone 2 cellular mobile network can receive voice messages, encrypted SMS, and GSM/GPRS-MMS containing frames of video. To decrypt the message (and subsequent display on the monitor of the personal computer 4) the user will need to connect your cellular phone 2 to the adapter 3 through the connecting cable, which is the accessory adapter 3) and downloaded into the personal computer 4 from the external information source (e.g., with CD-ROM) program GIS and the electronic controlled territory, adapted to be used GIS programme.

Adapter 3 will automatically download from the cellular phone 2 messages received by a cellular mobile network from stationary 5 or transportable 6 radiomodem is, members, respectively, 7 stationary or transportable 8 security systems, security alarm systems, converts them into the format used by GIS and will be sent to the personal computer 4. Processed messages by command of the personal computer 4 are automatically deleted from the memory of the cellular phone 2.

In this system only transmits alarm messages. If an alarm message belongs to the stationary unit 5, on the screen of the personal computer 4 on the background of electronic site plan indicates the location of the property on which you have installed this stationary unit 5. If an alarm message belongs to the transportable unit 6, the personal computer 4 displays the current location of the vehicle (with transportable radio 6) in the form of a special mark on the background of electronic plan controlled territory, indicating street names and house numbers.

The electronic scale plan of the site, you can increase or decrease. If the mark of the protected object, place the cursor on the specified plan a tooltip appears, which contains:

- protected TC - street name and house number, near which is protected TC;

- protected object property - street name, house number, apartment number, in which is fitted the n stationary complex 7 alarm data about users of the property, the cause of the alarm (for example, what the detector is triggered in block 21 fixed security alarms).

More effective corporate task of controlling the vehicle (for example belonging to the same fleet) is solved using the control center 9 (figure 5). As part of the claimed information security system control centers 9 may be several. In figure 1 for simplicity, only one dispatch center 9.

Its main differences from the personal information center 1 is that instead of the personal computer 4 is used in more productive site 10 digital information processing (6)containing associated with each other, the Central server 11 and block 12 of the secondary information processing, which includes a block 13 coordinates, block 14 billing and block 15 correction of the video. The Central unit 18 plays the role of a terminal of a cellular mobile network, and the block 19 of the receiving - terminal relay-RDF network 20.

From external information sources in the Central server 11 receives information that allows the operator control center 9 to quickly assess the current situation in the area. This can be data about traffic conditions, the repair work on the street and when the second network, and other information necessary to predict routes protected vehicle, and an electronic map of the given area to be loaded into GIS.

Let us consider in more detail the operation of stationary equipment 7 (figure 3) carried by 8 (figure 4) complexes burglar alarm.

When unauthorized impact on the protected property, such as breaking the front door of the apartment, fire detectors, located in block 21 fixed security alarms. Similarly, when the intrusion of the intruder into the protected vehicle is activated, the unit 22 of the portable security alarms. Accordingly, in 23 stationary or transportable 24 controllers are formed control actions:

- in the event of exposure to an object property:

- fixed actuators 25;

- on a stationary object the target device 27;

on the stationary unit 5;

in the case of impact on the vehicle:

- transportable actuators 26;

- transportable object target device 28;

- transportable unit 6.

Stationary actuator 25 includes a sound and light alarm, providing the attackers repellent action. Transportable actuating devices 26 may also contain a means of blocking the movement is Oia vehicle by acting on the engine and/or ignition system of the vehicle.

After receiving the appropriate command from the stationary controller 23, a stationary object the target device 27 sends to the telephone network (PSTN) alarm message, and deliver on-site terminal unit 28, after receiving the appropriate command from the portable controller 24 begins to radiate radio alarm signals containing alarming reports about unauthorized impact on protected vehicle, which goes to the relay-radio-directional network 20.

In addition, an alarm signal can be transmitted over the cellular network to the mobile-communication with the stationary controller 23 through the stationary unit 5, and with its own controller 24 through transportable unit 6. In the opposite direction of the cellular mobile network can be transmitted to various commands, for example, "enable/disable siren, block, engine, etc.

The specifics of the security vehicle is the ability to change its location in the monitoring process. These changes are tracked using part of the transport complex of 8 intruder alarm unit 29 Autonomous navigation, containing the GPS receiver.

In block 29 of the Autonomous navigation by processing the data of the GPS receiver solved the navigation task is determined by the current coordinates of the stolen vehicle. The unit 29 contained navigat and may include other navigation gauges, for example, the magnetic compass, inertial navigation system, etc. However, consideration of the composition and characteristics of these measures is beyond the scope of the present invention and therefore this application is not performed.

Code message containing the received GPS coordinates, are carried by the controller 24, which includes them in the alarm code package and sends using transportable object target device 28 and/or portable radio 6, respectively, in the relay-radio-directional network 20 and/or in a cellular mobile network. Alarm code parcel radiated transportable object target device 28, is assumed to lie in the area of distance relays-relay stations-RDF network 20. In these repeaters-stations are power measurement of the received signals and angles of the radiation sources. The results of these measurements together with the codes to coordinate repeaters-stations relay-RDF network 20 via radio or wired communication channels to the control center 9, where they are through the block 19 enter the reception node 10 digital information processing on a Central server 11.

In block 19 of admission is a selection taken Kodo what's parcels. The Central server 11 sends them to the block 12 of the secondary information processing, where these code packages are digitally processed in accordance with the algorithms to determine the location of the protected vehicle subjected to an unauthorized impact.

Determination of the current coordinates of each of the portable object target device 28, emitting an alarm signal, is performed in block 13 coordinates, part of block 12 secondary processing. Such determination may be performed, for example, by algorithmic or manual operator control center 9 by summing up the cursor to the predicted position of the protected vehicle.

The algorithms determine the coordinates of the stolen vehicle uses a combination of data:

- information about the location of the relays-relay stations-RDF network 20, received from the portable object target device 28 alarms, the power of which exceeds the preset level;

- measured each repeater is a radio direction finder, took the alarm, the power of received signals;

- measured each repeater is a radio direction finder, took the alarm, the values of the bearings on the radiation source.

The expected location of the T is displayed, for example, in the form of a circle (microsite), the radius of which is determined by the measurement error of the coordinates in the GPS receiver. The direction of the radiation source is displayed in the form of a sector with vertex located at the location of the relay-radio direction finder, and the value of the specified angular sector corresponds to the direction-finding error.

If a stolen vehicle (with activated transportable object target device 28) is in motion, the path of the stolen vehicle is tracked unit 12 secondary processing. It uses well-known algorithms for automatic tracking used, for example, in radar systems (see "Handbook of radar" edited Mcconica, Chapter 1, Moscow, "Soviet radio", 1978).

Unit 14 billing, located in block 12 of the secondary information processing, determines and records the number of inclusions of the transmitter of the portable object target device 28. Unit 14 billing starts by account code. From memory cells of the above block 14 billing reads the number that corresponds paid by the subscriber system to the number of inclusions transportable object target device 28, with the number determined by the calculation code. The coincidence of this number with the amount actually received in the dispatch center 9 message from the transmitter are appropriate to ejstvujuschij he subscriber system automatically removed from the service data control center 9.

As you know, one of the main problems with the use of technical means of security alarm is to prevent false calls rapid reaction forces due to various system errors. The most common are "errors when disarming"when one of the users, using a protected object, the trigger is not disabled them by mistake burglar alarm. In most real systems, burglar alarm such errors lead to false calls rapid reaction forces and related fines users. In this system, the probability of false call is much less due to the fact that notification of unauthorized use of a protected object goes not to the remote Central monitoring rapid response to the user having a personal information center 1 (or when the protection of the vehicle to the dispatcher center 9). Such a user (or operator) is able to verify the received alarm message, for example, by a call to the user who may be on the protected object.

Additionally, to reduce the likelihood of erroneous calls rapid reaction forces used surveillance techniques. For this is in a stationary complexes of 7 intruder alarm installed stationary video camera 30 with the stationary unit 31 of the video associated with the stationary controller 23. In transportable complexes of 8 intruder alarm specified problem is solved by the video camera 32 internal monitoring transportable unit 33 of the memory associated with the portable controller 24.

When receiving alerts on unauthorized impacts to the protected object, the user using the cellular phone 2 sends the GSM/GPRS network command to start recording. Quite similarly, when corporate protection TC command start recording after receiving the alarm sends a GSM/GPRS network operator control centre 9. It uses a Central unit 18.

In a stationary complex 7 alarm command to start recording via the stationary unit 5 enters the stationary controller 23, which transmits this command in a stationary video camera 30 and the stationary unit 31 of the video memory. Stationary video camera 30 transmits the received video signal in the stationary unit 31 of the video memory, which is formed by the video frame image.

Similarly, in the transport complex of 8 intruder alarm command to start recording via the portable unit 6 enters the onboard controller 24, which sends this command to the video camera 32 internal monitoring and transportable unit 33 of VRAM. The video camera 32 internal observing the passes obtained videosignal in transportable unit 33 video which is formed by the video frame image.

After the formation of the frame image:

- stationary complex 7 alarm stationary unit 31 of the video starts streaming frame sequentially through the stationary controller 23 and the stationary unit 5 on GSM/GPRS networks, mobile networks. The rate of transmission is set to a stationary controller 23 based on bandwidth of GSM/GPRS channel;

- transportable in a complex of 8 intruder alarm transportable unit 33 video starts streaming frame sequentially through the onboard controller 24 and the portable unit 6 on GSM/GPRS networks, mobile networks. The rate of transmission is set to take the controller 24 based on bandwidth of GSM/GPRS channel.

The usual rate of transmission is not more than 115 kbps, which allows you to broadcast with acceptable time delay video with high resolution. The received video frames are displayed:

for the user on the monitor screen of the personal computer 4 personal information center 1;

for operator control centre 9 - on unit screen 16 of the display video, mapping and semantic information.

By the received frame of video, the user (or the operator control center 9) can Opera is actively assess the situation inside the protected object and it is quite easy to install, whether a received alarm messages consequence of the actions of the attacker or the operation of complex burglar alarm by mistake.

In the case of confirmation of the unauthorized impacts to the protected object, the user (or the operator control center 9) causes a rapid reaction force to suppress the actions of the attacker.

An additional feature of video surveillance in the transport complex of 8 intruder alarm is to clarify the location of the stolen vehicle. For this is secretly installed video camera 34 external observations associated with the portable controller 24 and is connected to the portable unit 33 of VRAM. The video camera 34 of the external monitoring is enabled by the command, which is sent over the cellular network mobile user from your cellular phone 2 or the operator control center 9 via the Central unit 18. When this command is enabled cameras 34 external observations submitted by the user (or operator) after the analysis of video data received by the video camera 32 internal observation, he came to the conclusion that the vehicle is stolen.

The team consistently through transportable unit 6 carried by the controller 24 is supplied to the control input of the video camera 34 external observation, which is Aya starts time-lapse photography of the outer environment and translates the received signal into a transportable unit 33 of VRAM. After forming in transportable unit 33 of the RAM of the next frame image begins his reading of the transportable unit 33 of the video memory in the onboard controller 24. Read signal goes or transportable unit 6 - using for video technology GSM/GPRS network, or in a transportable object target device 28 when using relay-RDF network 20, and then is radiated to the air.

Adopted by GSM/GPRS network to the cellular phone 2 in the personal information center 1 video frame is displayed on the monitor of the personal computer 4 and serves as a user guide in determining the location of a stolen vehicle.

Adopted in the control centre 9 video via the Central unit 18 and/or through the unit 19 enters the reception node 10 digital information processing, where it is used to Refine the location of the stolen vehicle together with the coordinate data of the GPS receiver coming out of the block 29 transportable Autonomous navigation of a complex of 8 intruder alarm. For this purpose, the node 10 digital information processing specified video and coordinate information through the Central adapter 17 is transferred to the Central server 11, associated with the block 12 secondary processing. The principles for determining the location of a stolen vehicle GPS information-receiver and Dan is haunted RDF measurements described above. For joint display of the video frame and the corresponding mapping and semantic information of the video frame pre-exposed amplitude and geometric correction in the correction unit 15 of the video image, allowing the operator control center 9 at the same time be observed on the screen as the plan area and official inscriptions relating to the object of observation, and video of the site, which is currently a stolen vehicle. Tentatively identifying the location of the vehicle on the map, the operator visually evaluates the content of the received frame and specifies the location of the vehicle by reference to landmarks, observed them on the frame. Thus, the video complements of coordinate information, thereby increasing the reliability and validity of the measurements.

Thus, the above set of operations allows the user and/or operator control center 9 quickly and with high reliability to determine the nature of changes in the state of the protected object, to ensure that the received notification is not false, and in the case of movement of the protected object (stolen vehicle) to determine its location on the background of the plan area.

This creates favorable conditions for the implementation of rapid response to unauthorized hcpa is istia to the protected object with minimal risk of false call.

Thus, you can create information-security system for vehicles and real estate, which is characterized by a low level of false alarms in the detection of unauthorized impacts to protected objects, property, or vehicle, as well as high reliability of determining the location of a stolen vehicle. This technical result is achieved by providing the user (or the operator control center) automatically and almost real-time information about the state changes of protected sites using frames of the video surveillance environment inside the protected object, allowing the user (or operator of the control center) to analyze the nature of these changes, and in the case of theft (theft) vehicle - to track the location of a stolen vehicle on the electronic site plan, updating the data of the global satellite navigation system using images obtained by the video camera external observation.

1. Information security system for vehicles and real estate containing one or more control centers, N personal information centres connected to the telephone network of General use, M installed on the protected real estate stationary complexes safeguard the th signaling and installed on the protected vehicles portable security systems, security alarm, geographically distributed relay-RDF network containing installed on traffic lights objects, poles street lighting, roofs and other urban infrastructure repeaters-radiotelepathy made with the possibility of receiving signals containing code sending, from the portable security systems, security alarm systems, power measurement of received signals and bearings on the radiation sources and the transfer of the relevant code of parcels and results of measurements of radio or wired communication channels to the control center, each stationary complex burglar alarm contains the block stationary security sensors, stationary object the target device connected to the telephone network of General use, and stationary actuators are designed to control access to the protected object properties, each transportable complex burglar alarm contains the unit of the portable security alarms, portable object the target device is connected by radio to repeater-RDF network, and the portable operation unit, configured to control access to a protected vehicle dispatch center includes a reception unit, made with the option of receiving signals from relay-RDF network and connected to the host digital processing information, thus the nodes in the digital information processing and dispatch centers and at least part of the personal information centres made with the possibility of access to external information sources, wherein M is stationary and transportable complexes burglar alarm made with the possibility of transmission over the cellular network mobile voice and text messaging as well as video frames, and control centers and N personal information that can receive cellular mobile networks specified voice, text messages and video frames, for which each of M stationary security systems, security alarm systems introduced are related to each other stationary unit, connected to a cellular network of mobile and stationary controller, the corresponding output of which is connected to a stationary object to a target device, and also connected in series stationary camera, the entrance of which is connected to one of the outputs of the stationary controller, and a stationary block of memory associated with a stationary controller, the number of inputs to a stationary controller is connected to the respective outputs of the block stationary security alarms, and the number of outputs of the stationary controller to the corresponding stationary the actuators, each To its own security systems, security alarm systems introduced are related to each other onboard controller and the portable radio modem connected to a cellular mobile network, as well as the Autonomous navigation unit, is made capable of receiving and processing signals of the global satellite navigation system, two associated with the portable controller camcorder - internal and external monitoring and associated with the portable controller onboard video memory unit, the inputs of which are connected to the outputs of these cameras, and the output unit of the portable security alarms and Autonomous navigation unit is connected to the corresponding inputs of the portable controller, the outputs of which are connected to respective execution units and to the input of the transportable object target device, each personal information center includes associated with one another cellular phone connected to a cellular mobile network, the adapter and is equipped with a geographical information system personal computer connected to external information sources, each dispatch center entered the Central unit associated with a cellular mobile network and host digital processing information included in the control center node digital about the processing of information is performed with the possibilities of correction of video frames and a joint display them on the background of the accompanying map and semantic information.

2. The system according to claim 1, wherein the host digital processing information included in the control centre has a Central adapter and the display unit video, mapping and semantic information, as well as associated with each other, the Central server connected to the output of the reception unit and configured to communicate through a Central adapter with the Central radio and can receive data from external information sources, and the secondary unit of information processing, which consists of block coordinates, configured to determine the location of a vehicle according to the global satellite navigation system and measured by the relay-stations the values of powers of received signals and direction to sources of radiation, block billing, and the correction block of the video and the input unit video display, mapping and semantic information connected to the output of the secondary information processing.

3. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that the stationary and transportable radio modems included in the composition, respectively, stationary and portable security systems, security alarm systems, as well as a host of digital processing in the control centre and cell phones, included in the personal and the formation of centers, made with the possibility of data transmission in GSM/GPRS, for example, in the form of MMS.



 

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5 dwg

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EFFECT: improved antitheft protection.

5 dwg

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