Device for heating installation
SUBSTANCE: device has indicator panels which number is equal to time period of indication.
EFFECT: simplified design.
13 cl, 1 dwg
The invention relates to a control device for a heating installation that contains the controls and indicator.
Control device of this type is used for heating installation worked on the set of "the program", in particular to at different times to produce different amounts of heat. The objective of saving energy, as heat is not always required or not always in large numbers.
Currently on the market there are a number of programmable control devices intended for this purpose. When programming the device the user makes a selection from a menu, which usually has a large number of levels, each of which you can change the setting. This makes it difficult to review selected adjustments, or the memorization of these regulations. If achieved an overview of the regulations, it is often very difficult to change the program.
Devices of this type is the control device for a heating installation that contains the controls and display, and a storage device that stores a program operation of the heating unit, i.e. the dependence of the temperature over time for a specific time period (see EP 0530581 A1, F 24 D 3/12, 10.03.93).
The basis of the invention lies task is to simplify the overview of the selected adjustment and operation of the disorder.
This task is solved in that the control unit of the specified type controls have a panel of switches, where each of the time periods, which are pre-defined, there is a switch whose state can be defined from the outside, and the display has a display panel, the number of which corresponds to the number of States of the switches and the length of which corresponds to the time period, and the display panel is divided into separate sections, each of which may be determined by the set operating mode.
Thus, with one glance at the indicator you can see which operating mode is selected on individual sections of the respective time period. First, according to the position of switches panel determine which flat panel corresponds to a given time period. Then on the corresponding indicator panel you can see which operating modes are assigned to individual sections. By simply changing the state of the switch you can change the "program" for a specific time period, which corresponds to this switch. This "program" is displayed on the display panel corresponding to the state of this switch. Of course, the control unit not only displays with the appropriate program, control of the heating installation in accordance with this program. However, the control device has limited capabilities in the selection of programs, as designed for a certain number of programs. However, the practice found that even in the presence of a large number of variants programs always chosen only a few of them.
Preferably, the controls had at least one direction button and at least one button. Using the direction buttons with the same "field", i.e. the resizable element of the indicator, go to another. Using the buttons you can change the contents of the field. However, the change in the content field can be realized only in the specified sequence and the number of options for the content of the field is also limited. However, in most cases, this is sufficient. Due to this adjustment, i.e. programming a control device becomes much easier. As mentioned above, the change in the indicator change operational characteristics of the control device. The control device operates as shown on the indicator.
Preferably, the indicator panel had an indicator field for indicating the operational mode of each individual involved is a and to the side next to the panel was the designation of operational modes. This not only makes the indicator, but also facilitates an overview of the selected mode. Separate sections are in the form of columns next to each other, and the last or the first column has the designation operating mode, for example, in the form of symbolic images (sun, moon etc). In each column there are cells whose number corresponds to the number of possible operating modes. In every column in every moment can be marked only one cell. From an educated thus the matrix of cells may be very quickly obtained survey information.
Preferably, the designation was outside the indicator. For example, the symbol may be located outside of the housing of the control device. This allows to adapt the controller for use in countries with different languages. The actual indicator with changing content may remain the same for all control devices, and information about the content of the indicator must be given in the language of a particular country.
The indicator can show the current time and the current time period. This helps the user to determine the actual temporal position within the "program".
Provided preferably seven time periods, and panel switches has seven switches. is this case it is possible to program the control device according to days of the week. Each time period corresponds to one day.
Each switch has only two States. In this case, you can define, for example, for each individual parcel time period, should I be heating installation with a day or a comfortable temperature, or with a night setback temperature. Such a choice in most cases is enough.
Preferably, the control device contained half of the connecting device and was made with the possibility detachable connection with showerhead thermostatic valve. This allows local and individual control of the respective thermostatic head. While programming, i.e. the change of adjustment of the control device, it is convenient to carry when it is disconnected from thermostatic head. Thermostatic nozzle valve usually located on the radiator is not higher than the hip level. Therefore, the user has to do programming in inconvenient for his body position. If you disconnect the controller from thermostatic head, then the user during programming can be in a comfortable position, even take away from the radiator.
Preferably, the indicator and controls were in the PE Evernote position. The upper part of the control device corresponds to the front side nozzles thermostatic valve. Accordingly, the lower part of the appliance when it is connected with thermostatic head is where thermostatic radiator cap installed on the valve. If the indicator and controls to have so that they can be read upside down, it will correspond to the orientation, which has a control device, when the user detaches him from nozzles thermostatic valve.
Preferably, the control device had a case with a hole, which is a mechanical drive element. If the control device is connected with thermostatic head to the valve, the mechanical drive element can act on the transmission link, which passes through a hole into the case. With this program installed in the control unit, will act on thermostatic head.
The drive element is made preferably in the form of a gear motor. This gear is on the shaft of a drive motor and, when the control device is connected with thermostatic nozzle is engaged with a toothed wheel mounted in a thermostatic nozzle, forming frequent the gear, at the end of which is located an adjusting device which mechanically changes the relationship between thermostatic and Executive elements nozzles thermostatic valve. If the Executive element presses the plunger valve of the radiator and the last when increasing the pressure, stronger throttles, the specified temperature may be reduced, for example, by increasing the length of the adjusting element between thermostatic and Executive elements. In this case, the valve of the radiator at the same temperature environment before closing.
The hole is preferably located in the same plane in which are located the indicator and controls. Therefore, when the control device is connected with thermostatic head, the controls are protected from accidental impact. The indicator is also not visible, so the appearance is improved. The control device can have a smooth and closed housing for easy cleaning.
It is preferable that was provided with the switch, which prevents the status of the switches. This switch may be located outside of the housing. By enabling this switch, the user can, for example, prohibit nighttime temperature reduction if the location of the debtor is about to be used longer than anticipated.
In an alternative embodiment, when exposed to the switch control device first receives a predefined mode, and then it remains. Thus, the switch can be programmed another operational mode, which then will be valid in all time periods and all separate sites of all time periods. This operating mode can be set, for example, on vacation, when the preset temperature can be reduced (for example 10-20° (C) to such a low value that only do not freeze.
The invention is further described by the example of his preferred option, with reference to the drawing, which shows a control device with display and controls in the horizontal projection.
The control device 1 has a housing 2, one side of which is visible in the drawing. The housing 2 may Rethimno to connect with showerhead thermostatic valve (not shown). In case of connection with thermostatic head visible on the drawing side of the housing adjacent thereto.
The control device has an indicator 3, which can be displayed in different operational modes or selected adjustment. If in the future you talking about edit the Institute of the indicator, this means that appropriately change the control characteristics of the control device 1.
Control device 1 is made in the form of buttons switch 4 reset switch 5 directions and the two switches 6, 7 changes. Feature push-button reset switch 4 is that it has a relatively low pressure surface 8 which can be pressed only pointed object, which prevents accidental operation of the switch 4 is reset.
Next, the control device 1 has a panel of 9 switches with seven separate switches A-G, each of which has a small lever 10 to change its state. The position of the lever 10 determines the state of the switch. On the left, next to the panel 9 switches, labeled P1, P2, representing the two possible States of the switch. In presented on the drawing status bar 9 switches the switches a-E are in the position P1, and the switches F, G in position P2.
Each individual switch A-G corresponds to one day of the week. These days may just be numbered in the cell "day" numbers from "1" to "7".
On the display 3 are two flat panel T1, T2. On the left, next to the indicator 3, at the height of the display panels T1, T2 marked P1, P2, which allow the mouth of the determination of the compliance status of individual switches A-G panel 9 switches the information on the display 3.
At the opposite end of each flat panel T1, T2 are designations 11 modes of the control device 1, which can be selected. In the above example, one such notation is a symbolic image of the sun, in which the control device 1 controls thermostatic head (or other Executive member) in day mode or a comfortable temperature. The second symbol is a symbolic image of the moon in which the control device 1 controls the respective actuating element is in the night mode, i.e. when the setpoint temperature is reduced, for example, a few degrees (1-5°).
Each flat panel T1, T2 divided into many separate parts, in the present example 24 individual plots, which correspond to the 24 hours of the day. The top and bottom of the indicator 3 is the appropriate scale to facilitate the identification of individual sites.
Each plot can only be installed in one of two operational modes, indicated by the sun or the moon.
Programming of the control device 1 can be carried out as follows. Pressing the reset switch 4 control unit is set to the mode that is set at the factory of the manufacturer. This set can be, for example, as shown in the drawing.
Pressing switch 5 directions (this is certainly possible, and if the reset switch before this has not been pressed) causes a transition indicator 3 mode change indicator 12 hours of the day, i.e. allow you to modify the indication corresponding to the hour of the day, which is visible in the middle of the indicator 3. In order to show which element of the indicator can be changed, for example, he blinks. Time in hours in this example specifies the seven-segment indicators. Using switches 6, 7 changes, you can change the value of the time either upward or downward.
The next time you press the button 5 direction indicator goes into edit mode indicator 13 days. In this example run is shown the third day. This day can match any day of the week. However, obviously, should establish a strict sequence of individual days 1-7. In this example, execution day 1 with the switch "A" corresponds to Monday, and day 7 with the switch "G" is the resurrection. While the indicator 13 days blinks, it can be changed using the switches 6, 7 changes.
When press switch 5 directions fall into the first field of the display panel is 1, which in this exemplary embodiment corresponds to the time between 0 hours and 1 hour. Now you can change the temperature should be at this time, i.e. set or a comfortable temperature, or reduced night temperature. By the next switch 5 move to the next field, which indicates the operational mode for the next individual area corresponding to the time between 1 hour and 2 hours. The temperature setting is made using the switches 6, 7 changes. In each of the next field enter by pressing switch 5 directions. When the first display panel processed by the next switch 5 direction takes you to the second display panel T2.
So, ask a few control programs, in this example, run two, and with the help of the 9 switches choose what control program must be run in a given day. The state of the switches, i.e. the position of the levers 10, is visible at a glance, what the program operates in one day.
In this example, run from Monday to Friday at a comfortable temperature set from 5 hours to 8 hours and 15 hours to 23 hours. The rest of the time set night setback temperature. On Saturday and Sunday from 6 hours to 23 hours is recovered at a comfortable temperature and in the rest of the day - night setback temperature.
The control device 1 has openings 14, 15, which may be inserted retainer brackets nozzles thermostatic valve. If these fixing brackets are the hooks, the control device 1 can be coupled with the showerhead thermostatic valve. Other openings 16, 17 can be provided for additional fastening elements.
It should be noted that when the control device 1 is connected with thermostatic head to the valve, the edge of the control device 1, which in the drawing is at the top facing the valve and the edge at the bottom, facing the end of thermostatic head, i.e. upward.
Thus, the indicator 3 and the bodies 4, 10 control are upside down. If the user disconnects the controller from thermostatic head, it will be in the hands of the user in the "correct" position in which you can read off directly, without turning control device 1.
Side, where the indicator 3 and the bodies 4-10 control has another hole 18, which is a gear 19 mounted on the drive shaft of the engine 20. The engine 20 is an electric motor powered by batteries, which manages sisterna in accordance with the readings of the indicator 3. If the control device 1 is connected with thermostatic head to the valve, the gear 19 cooperates with a toothed wheel which through the hole 18 is inside the control unit 1. This toothed wheel is the first link gear, which can adjust inside thermostatic head.
The control device 1 may have another switch 21, which may be located in other locations. The purpose of this switch may be different. For example, it can prevent changes to the current mode, such as switching from daytime temperatures at night or Vice versa. This can be useful when the user wants to temporarily exclude a decrease in temperature at night.
Alternate function switch 21 may be that this sets a certain operational mode, for example, on vacation, and after that, no changes allowed. This mode can provide a very great lowering of temperature, which, however, is not freezing. When installing such a mode change indicator hours days and light days. If the user leaves the room for a long time, by selecting this mode, it does not matter that for different days set by various who programmes.
You can just disconnect the control device 1 from the nozzles thermostatic valve. In this case, thermostatic nozzle (or other control element) is working on "normal", i.e. as a normal thermostatic head for the gate.
1. Control device for a heating installation that contains the controls and display, characterized in that the authorities have a panel (9) switches, which for each of the time periods, which are pre-defined, there is a switch (A-G), which can be defined from the outside, and the indicator (3) has a flat panel (T1, T2), which corresponds to the number of States (P1, P2) switches and the length of which corresponds to the time period, and the display panel is divided into separate sections, each of which can be determined installed operational mode.
2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the authorities have at least one button (5) direction and at least one button (6, 7) changes.
3. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the display panel (T1, T2) is the indicator field for operational mode on each individual section, and the side next to the indicator panel (T1, T2) is the designation (11) operational modes./p>
4. The device according to claim 3, characterized in that the notation of (11) is outside the indicator (3).
5. Device according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the indicator (3) shows the current time (12) and (13) of the current time period.
6. Device according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that there are seven time periods, and panel (9) switches has seven switches (a to G).
7. Device according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that each switch (A-G) has only two States (P1, P2).
8. Device according to one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that it contains half of the connecting device (14, 17) and can be Rethimno connected with thermostatic head for the gate.
9. The device according to claim 8, characterized in that the indicator (3) and organs (4-10) management are upside down.
10. The device according to claim 8 or 9, characterized in that it has a housing (2) with a hole (18), which is a mechanical drive element (19).
11. The device according to claim 10, characterized in that the drive element (19) is designed as a gear motor (20).
12. The device according to claim 10 or 11, characterized in that the opening (18) is located in the same plane in which are located the indicator (3) and organs (4-10) control.
13. Device according to one of claims 1 to 12, characterized in that it includes a switch (21), which prohibited the AET changing the state of the switches.
14. The device according to item 13, wherein when exposed to a switch (21) the controller first receives a predefined mode, and then remains there.
SUBSTANCE: device has indicator panels which number is equal to time period of indication.
EFFECT: simplified design.
13 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: heating plants.
SUBSTANCE: heating plant system has central unit 1 for producing heat and providing hot primary fluid, set of local units 5 any of which has heat exchange device 13, 14 and circuit of pipelines 2, 2' drawn inside circulation system from unit 1. Any local unit intends for getting hot primary fluid through unit 13, 14 of heat exchanger. First and second local units 5 have corresponding control 27. Control unit has first aid 17, 21, 27, 29-32, 33-40, 62 and 63 for providing at least one parameter relating to need of corresponding local unit 5 in hot primary fluid. Second aid 16 performs operation of corresponding local unit 5. Second aid has at least member 25, 26 for acting on flow by hot primary fluid through local unit 5. Local unit 5 has first secondary circulation system intended for heating. Heat exchanger unit has second heat exchanger 14 for second secondary circulation system 12 for producing hot water. Control unit 27 has communication device 50 providing info transmission on mentioned parameter 17, 21, 27, 29-32, 33-40, 62, 63 from at least second local unit to first local unit 5. Control unit 27 of first local unit 5 intends for controlling operation of local unit 5 correspondingly to parameter relating to second local unit 5. There are also descriptions of local unit of heating plant system, control unit for local unit of heating plant system and method of operation of heating plant system.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of control of heating plant system.
38 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: heat supply systems.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises supplying fluid from the additional collector interposed between the fluid source and the system of the auxiliary supplying collector. The supplying auxiliary collector is made of cylindrical dropping supplying device with inlet port, outlet port, and freely moving plunger that can close the inlet port providing small passage for outflow. The heating system is connected with the source of fluid under pressure through the dropping device.
EFFECT: expanded functional capabilities.
13 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: heat supply systems.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to dispatcher control and servicing of centralized heat supply system with great number of local (peripheral) units. Proposed system contains central heat-generating unit to supply great number of local units with hat primary liquid. Each local unit includes heat exchanger and pipeline network. Pipeline network includes supply pipeline to transfer primary liquid from heat-generating unit into each local unit. Each local unit is connected with supply pipeline and is made for receiving primary liquid through primary side of heat exchanger designed to transfer heat of secondary liquid which flows through secondary side of heat exchanger. Each local unit includes first devices made for obtaining at least one primary parameter which is related with efficiency of heat transfer. Each local unit includes first communication device which is made for transmission of instantaneous value of first parameter into second device of communication system. System includes second devices interacting with second communication device and made for revealing local unit servicing of which is most required depending on instantaneous value of first parameter.
EFFECT: improved checking of efficiency of centralized heat supply system.
34 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: inserted radiator valve with connecting member comprises housing and seal zone for sealing the region of the connection with the supplying or discharging connecting pipe. The seal zone is made of the first radial inner seal that acts inside and the second radial outer seal that acts from outside. The first seal and the second seal are interconnected through the opening provided in the housing.
EFFECT: enhanced functional capabilities.
10 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: heating systems.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises control of temperature of at least one of secondary flows of fluid in the secondary circuit which outflows from heat exchanger (1) by means of the primary flow in the primary circuit with the use of control members (5) and (11) that control the primary flow under the action of control unit (7), determining the difference of enthalpies of the primary flow that enters heat exchanger (1) and primary flow that leaves heat exchanger (1), measuring the secondary flow, measuring the flow in the primary circuit, and sending the parameters determined to control unit (7) for control of control members (5) and (11). As a result, the primary flow is controlled by the secondary flow so that the power supplied to the heat exchanger with the primary flow is, in fact, equal to the sum of the power required for the heating of the secondary fluid from the initial current temperature up to the specified outlet temperature, power required for the compensation of energy stored in heat exchanger (1), and power losses from heat exchanger (1). The description of the device for control of water temperature is also presented.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability.
13 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: the invention refers to a heating arrangement with a radiator equipped with branch pipes of feeding and taking off lines and also with a block of temperature sensors installed with possibility of heat exchanging with the indicated branch pipes of the feeding and the taking off lines.
SUBSTANCE: the heating arrangement is fulfilled with a radiator equipped with branch pipes of the feeding and the taking off lines, and also with the block of temperature sensors installed with possibility of heat exchanging with the indicated branch pipes of the feeding and the taking off lines. At that the branch pipe of the feeding line and the branch pipe of the taking off line pass through an adapter and the block of temperature sensors is installed with possibility of heat exchanging with the adapter. At that a data processing arrangement is fixed to the adapter with using a joint connection.
EFFECT: simplification of mounting.
9 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: system for heating premises with heated floor.
SUBSTANCE: system for heating premises with heated floor contains floor heating system and room thermostat, equipped with room micro-climate sensor and connected to controlling block of floor heating system. Room thermostat has surface temperature sensor, determining floor surface temperature at a distance from it. Room thermostat is equipped with block for selecting minimal/maximal surface temperature value.
EFFECT: improved temperature control in premises.
1 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: heat-power engineering, possible use in heat supply systems with dependent circuit of connection of heating systems in form of automated heating station.
SUBSTANCE: automated heating station of heating and hot water supply system contains feeding pipeline of heating network with flow controller mounted in it, feeding and reversing heating system pipelines, mixing pump, heating controller, inputs of which are connected to temperature indicators in heating system and environment, water-heating device for hot water supply system, installed between feeding and reversing pipelines of heating network, control input of flow controller being connected to control unit output, input of which is connected to outputs of heating system parameter indicators. Frequency transformer is introduced into heating station of heating system, and as mixing pump, pump with possible working frequency adjustment is used. Output of heating controller is connected to input of frequency transformer, output of which is connected to electric outputs of mixing pump. Mixing pump is installed in input-output direction between reverse and direct pipelines of the heating system. A variant of automated heating station of heating and hot water supply system is also described.
EFFECT: lower electric energy costs, increased lifetime of equipment, maintained consistency of heat carrier flow in heating system.
2 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: engineering of armature for measuring, controlling, cleaning and stabilizing pressure for liquid supply systems, possible use, in particular, for supplying water in domestic buildings, cottages, and other consumers in any industrial branch involving supplying of a liquid component.
SUBSTANCE: measuring, monitoring and cleaning device for liquid feeding systems contains body, locking element, pressure regulator, liquid meter. Device additionally includes filtration and washing device. Locking element, pressure regulator, liquid meter and filtration and washing device are assembled in single case. Locking element is positioned in liquid inlet connection. Pressure regulator is positioned between liquid inlet and liquid outlet connections, and detachably connected to the case. By means of detachable connection, filtration and washing device is mounted in the case. This device is connected by a collector to pressure regulator hollow and the hollow after the locking element. A filter is mounted at the inlet of pressure regulator hollow. Liquid meter is mounted in the body by means of detachable connection. Outlet hollow of liquid meter is connected to liquid outlet connection. Its inlet hollow by means of another collector is connected to the pressure regulator hollow.
EFFECT: minimized dimensions of device due to combination of locking armature and filtering means in one unit, stabilization of pressure, recording of water (liquid) consumption, possible replacement of devices and elements of armature without disassembly of the whole device and without disabling the liquid feeding system and without requirements for its flush, measuring and monitoring elements are protected from dirt in working mode and during maintenance operations (washing).
2 cl, 2 dwg