A tool for processing of saline soils
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to tillage tools for processing of saline irrigated soils. The instrument contains saleabration in the form of inclined to the horizon paws installed through racks offset to the side. Racks are interconnected installed in the middle part thereof, a horizontal knife. Knife and each rack is equipped with detachable blades. Blades mounted in the slots of racks and knife. The blades in the grooves of the fixed cylindrical pins. Stand and knife are formed by the sidewalls and spacers between them. Each of the side racks and knife are made in a single piece. The vertical part of the side walls of the uprights and the horizontal plane of the knife is equipped with technological Windows. Legs secured to the lower parts of the stand and is made detachable. The use of the invention allows to reduce the energy intensity of the process of loosening and crafts slits for removal of salt deposits in drainage outflow. 3 Il. The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to the means for processing soils such as saline.Known working body without bringing raw soil of soil, made in the form is made in the form of vertical dihedral wedge with curved-concave cutting edge; in order to reduce sleep slit soil in the back of a knife pivoted spring-loaded leveling plate; angle of attack of the knife is made variable in height; the leveling plate is made curved to bulge outwards (SU authorship 389735. M CL 01 And 13/16 In. The working body for selevinia /soil/C. N. Sidorenko. Declared 23.12.1971 published 11.07.1973).The disadvantages presented a working body to solve technological and design problem in the processing of saline soils in irrigated agriculture are minor area of deformation of the soil is practically not suitable for saline drainage of excess moisture.The closest analogue to the claimed object on a set of attributes and entities to the problem at hand is the instrument for treatment of saline soils, including saleabration, in which, to form a soil horizon for chemical leaching with simultaneous removal of salt deposits in drainage outflow, saloobrazovanie on either side of him and above installed loosening working bodies; loosening working bodies are made in the form of inclined to the horizon one-way clutches (SU, automedic, D. J. Sinner, A. C., Agusan. Declared 18.05.1971. Published 12.03.1973).The obstacles to achieve the desired technical result when using the known device adopted for the nearest equivalent, are not wide enough functionality.The invention consists in the following.The problem to which the invention is directed, - expand the functionality of the tools for processing of saline soils.The technical result is a lower energy process when loosening and crafts slits for removal of salt deposits in drainage outflow, simplifying the design and the number of working bodies, increase the service life of the working body of meliorates, increasing the depth crafts cracks.This technical result in the implementation of the invention is achieved in that in the known tool for the treatment of saline soils, including saleabration in the form of inclined to the horizon paws installed through racks offset from the side, according to the invention the rack are interconnected installed in the middle part thereof, a horizontal knife, the knife and each of the racks to the direction diomi, stand and knife are formed by the sidewalls and spacers, each of the side racks and knife are made in a single piece, while the vertical part of the side walls of the uprights and the horizontal plane of the knife is equipped with technological Windows.Due to the fact that in the middle part between the pair of racks mounted horizontal knife and a detachable blade on the frontal areas and knife racks, achieved the above technical result.The invention is illustrated by drawings.In Fig. 1 depicts saleabration tools for cultivation of saline soils, side view.In Fig.2 - same view in the plan.In Fig.3 - the same, in axonometric image.Information confirming the possibility of carrying out the invention are as follows.A tool for processing of saline soils contain in addition to well-known sites saleabration in the form of inclined to the horizon of the legs 1 and 2, installed through the uprights 3 and 4 are mutually offset in the direction of.Hours 3 and 4 are interconnected installed in the middle part of the horizontal knife 5. Mentioned the knife 5 and each of the uprights (3, 4) have raznonaklonennymi to the direction of movement of the detachable blades 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10.Montironi 3, 4 and the knife 5 is formed by side walls 12 and 13 and spacers 14. Each of the sidewalls 12 and 13 of the uprights 3, 4 and knife 5 is formed of a single piece of sheet steel of a thickness of 8-12 mm and a proper reveal.The vertical part of the side walls 12 and 13 of the uprights 3, 4 and the horizontal plane of the knife 5 is equipped with technological Windows 15, 16, 17, 18 and 19.Legs 1 and 2 are fixed on the lower parts of the uprights 3 and 4 and is made detachable. To the parallel longitudinal beams of the frame of the gun rack 3 and 4 are fastened by bolts M 30145 inserted into the holes 21 and 22 (see Fig.1 and 3).On the frame of the gun is properly mounted two wheels with screw mechanisms for regulating the depth of the crafts of slots and the size of a treated layer. The frame is provided with hinge brackets and fingers to swivel rods mounted system mounted tractor-class traction 3.A tool for processing of saline soils is as follows.After training tools to its hang on traction system mounted attached to the tractor.At the steady state motion of the Assembly process crafts vertical slots with a focal tanks on the lower areas in the subsurface (soil horizon is mThe first in the processing chain during movement of the unit in the work participates inclined to the horizon paw 2. Cutting edge paws 2 cut the soil at a depth of 0.50-0.65 m from the surface of the field. Paw 2 soil deformation on large clods and rocks, forming voids in the zone diameter of 0,15-0,30 m When moving the bottom portion of the rack 4 in the subsurface horizon thus formed drena to collect saline water, its accumulation and subsequent removal.Removable blade 9 on the front bottom of the rack 4 is cut a vertical slit in the subsurface layer. At the same time with a detachable blade 9 in the work involved the blade 10 on the upper inclined part of the rack 3. Cutting edge of the blade 10 is cut the second vertical slit is offset from the slits, cut removable blade 9. Cutting edge of the blade 10 are cut residue and roots of plants. Uncut stalks are moved by the blade 10 down towards the legs 1.Later in the work shall become the cutting edge detachable blade 6 horizontal knife 5. The blade 6 is cut the top layer of soil which is rich in plant roots. This layer is subjected to intensive crumbling.Then the work becomes inclined to the horizon mnoe blade 7 to cut a vertical slit in the subsurface layer. The slot cut in the lower part of the rack 4, slightly biased towards 3 hours. Finalizing focal tanks detachable blade 8 on the top of the rack 4.Offset detachable blade 10 on the rack 3 in comparison with a detachable blade 8 on the rack 4 to move in the direction of tools eliminates jamming of the upper soil layer between the upper parts of the uprights 3 and 4 and exposes the soil layer further crushing.Similar to the position of the blades 7 and 9 on the lower parts of the uprights 3 and 4 allows to reduce the total tractive resistance of the guns.The loss of a sufficient amount of natural precipitation as rain leads to the dissolution of mobile forms salts, and under the action of gravitational forces they rush to the sealed box, made by the blade 6 horizontal knife 5. Brine with compacted bed flows down the walls of the left and right slits in the focal tanks, cut the legs 1 and 2.Thus, the described saleabration located on the longitudinal bars of the frame of the claimed tools, forms equidistant remote focal reservoirs at a depth of 0.5-0.6 m for drainage flow. The treated strip of soil form soil horizon, contributing Wickramasekara of the process of providing technological window 15-19. Last on the sidewalls 12 and 13 are made by stamping. Burrs - deformed edges re-cut wall cracks, giving them the appropriate uniformity.Presents the design of meliorates reduced power consumption by 20-30% compared with the serial without bringing raw soil SN-2-140. Lifetime announced the working body is 210-230 ha during the processing of crops leguminous crops (Lucerne fourth year of growth). A tool for processing of saline soils, including deliverately in the form of inclined to the horizon paws installed through the uprights with a shift in direction, characterized in that the racks are interconnected installed in the middle part of the horizontal knife, the knife and each of the racks have raznonaklonennymi to the direction of movement of the detachable blades mounted in the slots of racks and knife and fixed therein by pins, racks and knife are formed by the sidewalls and spacers, each of the side racks and knife are made in a single piece, while the vertical part of the lateral columns and the horizontal plane of the knife is equipped with technological Windows.
FIELD: environment protection.
SUBSTANCE: method involves mechanical removal of excessive contaminants from surface and reducing toxicity of contaminated soil; sowing green manure crops and perennial grasses; preliminarily removing taking soil samples from contaminated surface and separating native contaminant destructors therefrom; after mechanical removal of contaminant from soil surface, providing sequential treatment of plot soil with water-soluble humates and at least double treatment with native contaminant destructors; mellowing soil; applying lime with mineral fertilizers such as saltpeter, double superphosphate and calcium chloride. Green manure crops are sown after application of fertilizers. Method further involves grinding green manure crops, plowing into soil and covering with soil by means of covering roll.
EFFECT: increased efficiency, reliable ecologically clean restoration of soil after contamination thereof.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, method and equipment for retention of thaw water on sloped lands.
SUBSTANCE: method involves undercutting soil layer after harvesting of preceding crop; directing stubble remains under soil layer and covering with undercut soil layer. After being covered with undercut soil layer, stubble remains form along edge of said layer swath of soil layer of 4-6 cm width. Predetermined shape and parameters of swaths allow evaporation of moisture and silting to be inhibited and, accordingly, moisture retention to be increased. Apparatus has frame with carrier wheel and flat rack provided with front cutting edge and inclined with its lower end forward and to the side. Flat hoe is fixed on lower end of rack. Wing made curvilinear along direction of advancement of apparatus is positioned at rear edge of rack so that its convex part is extending upward and to the side. Load feeding belt conveyor is connected with frame through two pivot links. Flexible rods for picking up stubble remains from field are fixed on conveyor belt. Belt conveyor is positioned on tines of supporting rollers and is oriented with its feeding end under upper curvilinear edge of wing. One of pivot joints and tines of supporting rollers are equipped with individual length regulators.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in retaining of thaw water and, accordingly, improved controlling of soil erosion on sloped lands.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: forestry, in particular, equipment for soil tillage and formation of micro raised portions on cuttings during reforestation works.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has frame and blade-type swivel connected with frame by means of free-motion mechanism. Blades of swivel are made concave and movably fixed thereon. Locking mechanisms for each individual blade are mounted on blade-type swivel. Locking mechanism switch is positioned on frame. Such arrangement and interconnection between said parts of apparatus allow micro raised portions to be provided within wide range of soil conditions.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and enhanced reliability in operation.
4 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method involves cutting surface layer of soil and forming narrow slits to 60-70 cm depth; during slitting, forming water-accumulating channels of different depth and supplying water therein at flow rate of 5-25 l/s; on expiration of 2-3 days, providing digging and extracting rootages. Apparatus has frame mounted on supporting wheels and provided with vertical knives. One knife is positioned in mid portion of frame. Two other knives are positioned at ends of additional beams. Each of vertical knives is made flat, with concave curvilinear cutting edge and chisel at lower end. Soil deforming device with gauged heads is positioned at rear cut of knives. Heads are communicated with pull-type vessel via channels formed in knives bodies and via flexible hoses. Water is supplied from vessel via gauged heads into vertical channels and water-accumulating channels. During 2-3 days water moistens and softens soil to allow simplified extraction of rootages.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in extracting of plant rootages with minimal mechanical damage thereto.
6 cl, 5 dwg