Lighting balloon filled with shell and with integrated control unit
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the field of lighting. The technical result is increased reliability and reduced maintenance costs, regardless of the application. Lighting balloon filled with shell (12) includes in a casing (12) the control unit (18), which includes electro-pneumatic air-blowing device (52) having an inlet for intake of outside air, and an outlet opening for directing air into the interior of the balloon; an electronic circuit for supplying energy to the electro-pneumatic device (52) and the lamp (16) and the casing (28) for supporting the lamp (16) and the protective screen to prevent contact of the shell (12) with lamp, while this grid extends almost to the top of the shell (12) to make the structure of the balloon mechanical rigidity. 10 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il. The invention relates to lighting a balloon filled with a shell made of elastic material of small thickness, containing a lighting device with an electric lamp, the first tool to support and power the lamp, and the second means is lnyh balloons (for example, as disclosed in EP-A 06797413 shell is breathable, and fills her gas can be air or helium. The supply of electrical power to the lamp is made mainly using electric device located at the bottom of the mast. The use of lighting balloons of this type in heavy industry or construction sites creates a bilateral problem of maintenance and security for people. The balloon can be, indeed, destroyed by unmanaged business operations. Actuation of the pressure switch in case of reduction of the internal pressure disconnects the power supply from the lamp. Then the membrane must be repaired to restore the lighting, this means that you should provide a place for spare and repair parts, and training. The location of the power block at the bottom of the mast means that you want carefully sealed unit that meets the security requirements, which increases the cost of installation.The present invention is the task of creating a filled lighting balloon with maximum reliability and reduced maintenance cost vavae and second tool joint to the control unit, integrated in the base of the shell and containing:
- electro-pneumatic air-blowing device having an inlet for intake of outside air, and an outlet opening for directing air into the interior of the balloon;
- electronic circuit to power the electro-pneumatic devices and lamps; and
- the casing to support the lamp and the protective screen to prevent contact of the shell with lamp, with the specified grid extends almost to the apex of the shell to make the structure of the balloon mechanical rigidity.Fan electropneumatic device rotates continuously when the lamp is lit, and supports the shell in full even in the case of lung damage due to accidental or intentional puncture. Integration of all functions of the control unit in the shell improves safety conditions for people. According to a preferred variant implementation of the invention the control unit is installed on the base plate, which is mounted on the installation flange of the shell. While specified flange limits the opening for insertion of the lighting device and control unit HV the grating direction and is able to log in to the support element, in particular in the mast.It is desirable that the shell had an elliptic shape in the filled condition, the floor and the bars are along the minor axis of the shell.Electro-pneumatic device is formed by a suction device or a fan driven by an electric motor and are enabled when the power supply to the electronic circuit. An electronic circuit connected to the external cable to the electrical grid, representing the normal power source, and can be powered from an alternate source, in particular a battery placed inside the casing.Other advantages and characteristics follow from the following description of a variant implementation of the invention, illustrated with drawings, on which:
Fig.1 shows a schematic view of an illuminating balloon according to the invention in axial section, with the balloon shown in the filled condition;
Fig. 2 is a detailed image in an enlarged scale of the active parts in Fig.1, with the shell and the mast is not depicted;
Fig. 3 - separate the image grid lighting device according to Fig. 2;
Fig.4 is a top view according to Fig.3.As the show is on material thickness and containing the lighting device 14 with an electric lamp 16, the control unit 18, which is designed to supply electricity to the lamp 16 and pneumatic energy to fill the shell 12 of the balloon 10. The sheath material 12 can comprise, for example, plasticized or not plasticized fabric or simply plastic film.The shell 12 has an approximately elliptical shape, wherein the upper inner part is covered with a reflective film. The base shell 12 has an opening provided with a mounting flange 20 connected with the mounting means with the support plate 22 of the control unit 18. The base plate 22 are provided with mounting stand 24, the exhaust down and equipped with holding means 23 with ball bearings made with the possibility of the occurrence of the fixation in the tubular mast or support 25, fulfilling the role of a support for the balloon 10. Inverted U-shaped bracket 26 mounted on the inner surface of the base plate 22 to impart mechanical rigidity to support the lighting device 14.The bracket 26 is covered with a bell-shaped insulating casing 28 forming the dielectric and heat shield between the lighting device 14 and the control unit 18. Between the bracket 26 and the top of the casing 28 raspolagetsya directly on the upper surface of the casing 28 and the outer side of the internal space of the latter.The lighting device 14 includes an insulating intermediate sleeve 32 made in particular of polytetrafluoroethylene and supported on the casing 28 and serves as a support for the cartridge 34 to install the lamp 16. The intermediate sleeve 3 has an internal bore for the passage of electrical wires 36 between the Chuck 34 and the control unit 18. Electric lamp 16 may be an incandescent lamp or halogen lamp, formed by an elongated tube with a double shell, and with electric power, equal to 1000 watts.The lamp 16 is installed in the Central zone of the balloon 10 and runs along the minor vertical axis of the balloon 10, while it is coaxially surrounded by a cylindrical protective grating 38, preventing contact of the shell 12 with the lamp 16. The grid 38 is formed by a set of rigid metal rods 40, made for example from stainless steel and are located at equal angular distance along the forming line of the cylinder. The rods 40 are curved at the top for the education of the armature 42 in the form of a spherical bowl, bonded to the Central plate 44 located on the minor axis in the direction of the lamp 16.Made of stainless steel with whom rhna part of the casing 12. Individual metal rods 40 grid 38 are connected to each other by means of cylindrical spacers 50, arranged coaxially with respect to the supporting stand 24 and distributed at equal intervals along the minor axis.The control unit 18 within the casing 28 provided with a pneumatic blower device 52, such as a suction device or an electric fan with blades or turbine intended for the filling of the shell 12. Pneumatic blower device 52 includes an inlet opening 54 passing through the support plate 22 to suction air and the outlet 56 for directing air under pressure into the shell 12 through the holes in the casing 28.The fan is driven very low-voltage motor, for example, with a voltage of 12V or 24V, which supplies the electronic circuit 58 connected through a step-down transformer to the mains supply cable 59. The pressure sensor 60 is installed on the wall of the casing 28 and communicates with the electronic circuit 58 to turn off the power supply to the lamp 16 when the pressure of the air inside the shell 12 is below a specified threshold.Assembly and airbag lights work the research Institute, when the shell 12 is fully lowered and placed in a box together with lighting device 14 and the control unit 18.The rack 38 and the control unit 18 and the lamp 16 is performed after the introduction of the entire system through the hole in the bottom of the shell 12 and the subsequent mounting of the grating 38 and flange 20, respectively, to the upper part of the casing 12 by tightening the nut 48 on the screw part of the rod 46 and to the base plate from the bottom side.Then the installation rack can be entered with fixation in the end portion of the mast or other support parts. Filling and lighting the balloon 10 is controlled by applying voltage to the electronic circuit 58, which first actuates pneumatic blower device 52 for the automatic filling of the shell 12. As soon as the pressure inside the shell 12 is sufficient, it is possible to apply the voltage to the lamp 16 for illumination of the balloon 10.The shell 12 is not completely impermeable to air due to the presence of small outlet openings, for example, at the level of the joints 62 two semi-elliptical portions along the major axis of the shell 12.Fan electropneumatic device 52 egcogi damage to the shell 12, due to accidental or intentional puncture.Integration of the control unit 18 in the casing 12 simplifies security measures to protect people from insulation defects, as the balloon is located on the mast at a certain height above the ground. The user is not in direct contact with the control unit and the lamp 16 when the plug of the power supply is connected to the socket outlet.The elliptical shape of the shell 12 when full allows you to increase the illumination area, and the mechanical rigidity of the shell along the minor axis is particularly effective for the stability of the balloon relative to the wind.In addition to the pressure sensor 60, the control unit 18 can be controlled by an adjustable svetozashitnogo relay (not shown) for automatic switching on and off of the balloon 10.In addition to an electrical outlet, which is the main source of electricity, the electronic circuit 58 may be connected to the reserve source of energy, such as battery pack or battery installed on the base plate 22 inside the casing 28. In the case of disconnection of the AC power source when the circuit breaker protective circuit-who the state. From an alternate source current depends on the capacity of a backup power source and can be increased by reducing the intensity of the illumination lamp 16 to the level of emergency lighting during the intermediate phase.The availability of an alternate source makes the balloon 10 is fully Autonomous, and support it fully charged with the charger, which can be also integrated into the casing 28. 1. Lighting balloon filled with a shell made of elastic material of small thickness, containing a lighting device with an electric lamp, the first tool to support and power the lamp and the second means for filling the shell gas or air to fill the balloon, wherein the first and second means are combined in a control unit located inside the shell, integrated in the base of the shell and containing electro-pneumatic vostokovedenie device having an entrance aperture configured to suction air from the outside, and an outlet opening for directing air into the interior of the balloon, electronic circuit to power the electro-pneumatic vastuu shell with lamp, while the protective grille extends almost to the apex of the shell to make the structure of the balloon mechanical rigidity.2. Lighting balloon under item 1, characterized in that the protective grating formed by a variety of rigid metal rods, spaced at equal angular distance along the forming line of the cylinder, while the rods are curved in the upper part with the formation of the reinforcement in the form of a spherical bowl, bonded to the Central plate, which is equipped with a centering rod, designed for installation in a hole of the shell, while the end of the rod is threaded for connection with the fixing nut.3. Lighting balloon under item 1, characterized in that the control unit is installed on the base plate, which is fixed on the installation flange of the shell, with specified flange limits the hole for installation of the lighting device and control unit into the shell.4. Lighting balloon under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the base plate is provided with a mounting stand, protruding downwards from the casing in coaxial with protective grating direction and is made with possibility of installation in Windows is a mast.6. Lighting balloon under item 4, characterized in that the mounting stand provided with locking means for fixing the upper end portion of the mast.7. Lighting balloon under item 1, characterized in that the shell consists of a fabric or film-makers in the filled state of the elliptic shape, and the casing to support the lamp, grille and protective grille extends along the minor axis of the shell.8. Illuminating balloon according to any one of paragraphs. 1-3, characterized in that the casing for supporting the lamp and the protective grille is made in the form of a bell mounted on the base plate with the possibility of formation of dielectric and thermal screen between the lighting device and the control unit.9. Illuminating balloon according to any one of paragraphs. 1-8, characterized in that the base of the lamp is located in the cartridge resting on an insulating sleeve mounted on the casing to support the lamp, grille, thus the supply of electric current from the electronic circuit by using conductors passing through the hole in the sleeve.10. Lighting balloon under item 1, characterized in that the electro-pneumatic vostokovedenie untroduce electric voltage to the electronic circuit.11. Lighting balloon under item 1, characterized in that an electronic circuit is provided with an additional emergency source of energy, in the form of battery or batteries installed inside the casing for supporting the lamp, grille, while the electronic circuit is connected to an external cable to the electrical grid, which is the main source of electricity.
FIELD: lighting fixtures with built-in energy source.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device has filament lamp and thermoelectric battery whose cold junction is provided with water reservoir. Mounted above water reservoir is reservoir filled with salt at low cryohydrate dissolving temperature; provision is made for adding salt to this reservoir.
EFFECT: increased temperature differential between junctions.
FIELD: outdoor lighting fixtures for functioning in the dark.
SUBSTANCE: proposed outdoor lighting fixture supplied with power from solar battery and wind-electric power unit has vertical post and overhanging support lever that mounts single module. The latter accommodates oscillatory wind-electric power unit installed between solar energy powered lamps incorporating photoelectric panels, storage batteries, control units, and light-emitting diode strips and electrically connected to lamp batteries.
EFFECT: ability of off-line operation and environment lighting at night.
1 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: lighting device has a thermo-electric generator, on the first junction of which there is container with volatile liquid, a bowl and a lamp, fitted in space, bordered by the bowl, and connected to the thermo-electric generator. The container is a cup, made from an aluminium rectangular parallelepiped, in which on the opposite side of fixing the thermo-electric generator there is an indention in form of a segment of a sphere. On the second junction of the thermo-electric generator there is a resistive heater, which is in form of a resistive film, deposited on the ceramic lining of the thermo-electric generator. The base of the container together with the thermo-electric generator and the resistive heater are covered in a transparent dielectric compound, from which the bowl is moulded. The colour of the bowl is regulated during manufacturing using different colouring additives, added to the compound. The lamp is a set of light emitting diodes, connected to the thermo-electric generator parallel to the resistive heater.
EFFECT: design of a lighting device with use of a semiconductor thermo-electric generator for producing electrical energy, on which at least parameters of the surrounding medium are affected, increased efficiency of using the thermo-electric generator.
FIELD: electrical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises solar batteries (SB), storage battery (SBs), motion sensor (MS), illumination pickup (IP), control device (CD) and illumination lamp. Proposed device additionally incorporates a timer and second illumination lamp. Note here that input/output of SBs (1) is connected with input/output of CD (4). Output of MS (2) is connected with first input of CD (4). Output of SB (3) is connected with second input of CD (4). Output of IP (5) is connected with third input of CD (4). Output of timer (6) is connected with fourth of CD (4). First input of CD (4) is connected with first input of lamp (7). Second output of CD (4) is connected with second input of first lamp (7) and first input of second lamp (8) with its second input connected with third output of CD (4).
EFFECT: longer operation due to optimum use of accumulated solar energy.
SUBSTANCE: lamp is proposed with open architecture (a body with a cover and glass are not available), main parts of which are a structural element with basic elements (brackets), designed to install the lamp on a pole or ceiling (wall). A printed circuit board and a radiator are fixed to the structural element as connected to each other by means of a tight heat-conducting compound, as well as, as well as sealed supply units. On the free surface of the radiator there are protruding ribs or rods to increase area of heat irradiation. The printed circuit board together with bodies and contact elements of light diodes is filled with the same compound. At the same time optical elements of light diodes are not filled with the compound, which helps to improve illumination.
EFFECT: reduced weight and dimensions of the lamp, reduced cost of its manufacturing, due to simplification of design and technology of manufacturing, increased illumination, improved conditions of heat irradiation.
3 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: electrical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: illumination is switched on at full capacity in evening and night time during certain time intervals for 6-10 minutes. The switching-on time interval beginning is the moment of the train entering the section of approaching to the passenger platform, such time interval over 3-5 minutes after the whole of the rolling stock has passed by the platform. By the passengers' request, maximum illumination duration may be additionally increased by 5-7 minutes. During other time intervals the illumination system operates at capacity reduced (2-2.5 times), such illumination level still guaranteeing safety of passengers staying on the platform. A positive effect is considerable electric energy saving alongside with ensuring safe conditions for passengers to stay on platforms.
EFFECT: increased cost-efficiency of the illumination system, compliance with luminosity norms guaranteeing safe citizens' staying at stop point.
FIELD: power industry.
SUBSTANCE: device includes a transparent dome made in the form of an upper plane-convex diverging lens (PCDL), the plane surface of which is parallel to the light-guide tube inlet plane. Side curved surface of the dome represents sector-like PCDLs adjacent to each other and located inside the transparent dome, a circular PCDL and a central PCDL adjacent to it. Straight protective cone (SPC) with an outside solar battery located on its surface, an inverted flattened cone (IFC) with inside mirror surface; at that, plane surface of central PCDL constitutes together with IFC generatrix and angle of 90° and is parallel to the light-guide tube (LGT) inlet plane. In lower part of LGT there located is a flat circular damper with mirror surface, which is fixed on the shaft of an electric micromotor. Lower straight cone (LSC) is located relative to LGT so that solar beams enter it when leaving LGT. On the inside side surface of the above LSC there located is a circular solar battery, and its basis is provided with a diffusing dome lamp, around which a light-emitting-diode lamp with inside mirror surface. The device has a control panel with an electronic relay, which is intended for control of an electric micromotor and a light-emitting-diode lamp.
EFFECT: improving efficiency of colour rendering and enlarging operating capabilities owing to being used during cloudy period of the day and night-time.
FIELD: power engineering.
SUBSTANCE: solar radiation and vortex wind flow developed inside hollow conical polygonal support. Solar radiation is converted into electric power by stationary conical optically active dome and spinning conical solar battery. Besides, electric power is generated by vortex wind flow developed inside hollow conical polygonal support (PS) to act aerodynamic-shape blades of two three-blade windmills (WDM). Said three-blade WDMs are rigidly fitted on single common shaft inside said PS to run in two parallel planes. Distance between planes of rotation should be not smaller the diameter of said blades. Blades of said WDM located in first parallel plane are shifted through 60 degrees relative to blades of WDM in second parallel plane. All blades feature aerodynamic profile. Aforesaid blades are secured in aluminium rings provided with magnets arranged on outer surfaces of said rings. Magnets poles alternate while coil windings are arranged opposite said poles inside cylindrical section of hollow PS. The number of magnets must not comply with that of coil windings. Vortex airflow inside hollow conical part of PS is developed owing to screw shape of the support faces and temperature difference at inlet of PS conical (confuser) part and outlet (diffuser) part of said support. Air inlet openings are arranged at the base of said PS. Inlet lateral walls ensure the initial swirling of incoming airflow inside said PS. Airflow gets out from said support via rectangular openings located at fop section of said diffuser. Electric power is generated when magnetic force lines cross the winding turns at rotation of WDM blades along with aluminium rings and magnets relative to winding turns under effects of vortex airflow. Electric power generated by tandem photo electronic modules is accumulated in storage batteries. Electronic control unit switches on and off the LED lamps in response to instruction from luminance sensor.
EFFECT: self-contained long-term operation.
3 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to power engineering, in particular, to renewable power sources. Energies of solar radiation and wind are used as alternative power sources. MHAPP comprises a hollow support, a windmill case made as a hollow ball with a confuser and a diffuser being built-in in its central part, and a rotation gear for the windmill case. A ring is installed at the confuser output on the external side and provides for additional rarefaction behind the hollow ball which speeds-up the air flow passing through the confuser and diffuser. Additionally the MHAPP comprises a cylindrical pin of the rotation gear, plain bearings, a cylindrical back-up washer, fastening bolts, a support ball, a grid set at the confuser input for the protection against birds, windmills with blades of aerodynamic profile rotating in three parallel planes which are placed in the middle part between the confuser and diffuser, the windmills' shaft fixed in the hollow ball support by ball bearings, a central movable profiled rim for the three-blade windmill with the rim being located in the central parallel plane, two extreme rims for two-blade wind blades are installed with a shift of 90° to each other, magnets mounted with pole alternation on the external side of the two extreme movable rims for the two-blade wind blades, coil windings set on the internal side of the profiled rim opposite the magnets mounted with pole alternation on the external side of the two extreme movable rims for the two-blade wind blades, three magnets of longitudinal magnetisation are set with a shift of 120° on the external side of the central movable profiled rim opposite the ends of the three-blade windmill's blades with aerodynamic profile, a stationary rim with a magnetic ring of radial magnetisation with the latter being installed opposite the three magnets of longitudinal magnetisation, two pairs of parallel annular grooves for the bearing balls provided opposite each other on the external side of the profiled rim and on the internal surface of the stationary rim, tandem solar batteries mounted on the external surface of the hollow ball and the hollow support of the MHAPP, storage batteries, relay-regulator of storage batteries' charging, an electronic control panel, a light sensor and two LED lamps set on the hollow support.
EFFECT: illumination of facilities or surface areas in case of no power supply, the usage of a MHAPP allows for significant reduction of load on the common power stations and improvement of the environment state.
5 cl, 6 dwg