Method, system, and power supply regulator for the remote control system power household appliances, mainly the brightness of lighting devices

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the field of regulation and control of controlled objects and can be used for remote monitoring, diagnostics and control of electrical appliances. The technical result is the ability to control the parameters of the devices and ensuring sufficient power for their operation. The system contains a controller, electric supply mains, remote control and communication line. The power supply contains a RS-trigger key, comparator, tomographically circuit with rectifier, capacitor, rectifier and stabilizer. The method is based on the fact that after determining the frequency of the electric network parameters chosen values of these parameters, which are taken for regular, record them in the memory of the microprocessor unit and based on the obtained values are frequency correction signal parameters controlling household appliances. 3 S. and 4 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il.

The invention relates to the field of regulation and control of controlled objects, and can be widely used for remote monitoring, diagnostics status is Mami, systems of protection of premises, devices for heating and cooling, fans, heaters, and so on , as well as lighting devices of various types and purposes.

A wide range of possible use of the claimed inventions due to their numerous functionality, convenience and ease of use and the ability to control multiple units simultaneously operating the various devices. Thus regulation of the electrical parameters of the electrical household appliance, in particular, capacity, supported by management, is provided by regulators included in a remote control system, and the use of remote control are also included in the system, you can control various important features of modern electronic devices at a distance.

Lighting, which is the most important and necessary part used in home funds, are equipped with wireless remote control, to ensure the greatest comfort and ease of use for any category of users, including persons with limited physical ሺ="ptx2">

Currently, there are different systems management appliances.

One of the famous tools, implements optimized management of lighting devices is the device described in the patent US 5811942, CL N 05 In 37/02, publ. 22.09.1998 based on the use of a control module containing a microprocessor and a control program in permanent memory, and the electrical nodes for direct control of the actuators according to the command received from the control module. When the keyboard control is ensured by the automatic time setting on and off: day, evening, night. The device also contains a voltage regulator. Through the use of the control program known device provides an economical mode of illumination of the illumination devices and, if necessary, their constant glow.

To the disadvantage of the known device should include inability of management, including remote, electrical and functional parameters of various appliances.

Also known multichannel system that implements the method of regulation of light presented in the description of patentee with the level of light intensity, emitted by the light sources. When retrieving data from the memory of the remote computer system, in accordance with a set program, passes successively through the communication line, each lighting module comprising a microcontroller and flash memory, the command to activate the light sources with a given brightness level.

The disadvantage of this device is the inability remote (wireless) control due to the lack of appropriate management authority and the inability to control the functions of the appliances. The known device is also unnecessary operational complexity and high cost.

In the international application PCT 96/41502, CL N 05 In 37/02, publ. 19.09.1996, described the means for controlling the intensity of radiation of the light source based on the control power supplied to the light source, based on the presence of the user. A controller which controls the power supplied to these sources, can have wired and wireless communication with the vehicle control illumination.

A disadvantage of this device is the inability to control the radiation of the light sources with the e because the user does not have operational control parameters of the luminescence due to the lack of remote control. Accordingly, the system does not operate with the remote control and functions of household appliances. Also the disadvantages include the inability to control various appliances, such as heaters, means for heating the floor and so on, because the system is designed to control only sources of light.

Closest to the claimed system and method are the method and system of remote control of electrical appliances provided in the application for the European patent 0069470, CL H 02 J 13/00, publ. 12.01.1983, there is a method implemented in this system, containing a Central control unit, auxiliary units, consisting of user-programmed microprocessor connected to the Central unit, and a communication line, based on the transmission command and a request signal from the Central unit to the satellite and back. The system also contains LEDs, a keypad and an AC adapter. The operation of the known system provides for monitoring of the supply shock, with subsequent transfer of signals corresponding to the current condition, to the Central unit, the managing unit light indicators, depending on the brightness of the lighting device of the input signals.

The disadvantages of these tools is the lack of a remote control function control of household equipment, the remote control is tightly tied to a particular place, because the control is performed by wired connection, which is used as the electrical network.

A great advantage of modern systems with remote control is a wireless remote control.

Currently find wide application many types of control panels.

One of the most common is known remote control, presented in the description of the U.S. patent 4725694, CL G 08 With 21/00, publ. 16.02.1988 containing a display screen connected to the control Board, equipped with touch areas intended for entering information into the processing system.

The disadvantage of this console is running its wired, and that it does not stipulate the possibility of recording the relevant commands at preset producers to control household appliances.

Also known remote control, described in the patent of Splay, for displaying the processed information, and mechanical switching controls settings.

This remote also has all of the above disadvantages.

Remote control devices, home appliances and computer systems described in the patent of the Russian Federation 2127019, publ. 27.02.97 contains a transceiver, a microprocessor with memory, the keyboard is used to control the actuators, and power supply. This remote is designed to control multiple units simultaneously operating devices and configured to adapt the data fields to the user's goals. In addition, in the known remote control has an Electromechanical controller, located near the display screen.

However, the known remote does not have in its memory information and corresponding control commands appliances, written by the producers, but only allows you to record in your memory commands from remotes available to the user. At the same time on the virtual panel can accommodate a limited number of buttons, insufficient to make full use of technology.

Another is eplee, not have a physical volume that under certain conditions leads to the inconvenience of operation, for example, when lighting is poor, or the inability to focus on the console, or for persons with disabilities. In addition, to use a known remote with limited lighting necessarily need a backlight, which entails an increase of the power consumption from the batteries and, accordingly, reduction of time of continuous operation from these batteries.

When used in the known devices the power supply not supplying enough power required for remote control of multiple Autonomous functioning electrical appliances when you implement them all inherent demand modes.

A disadvantage of the known power supplies when used in a multifunctional regulators intended for incorporation in series with appliances, is the inability to work in a wide range of input supply voltage when receiving the required output power. For example, this disadvantage is inherent in the power supply described in the secondary power supply for RF patent 2138113, CL H 02 M 7/21, publ. 20.09.1999 containing containing RS-trigger, a smoothing capacitor, transistor, resistor, diode bridge, tomographically circuit with rectifier, Zener diode, a logic inverter OR NOT and the comparator, the output of which is connected to the S input of RS flip-flop input tomographically circuit with the rectifier connected to the high voltage input of the block.

This popular unit is inherent in the above-mentioned disadvantage

The technical result of the claimed inventions is the exception to all the above drawbacks. In addition, the claimed invention provides reliable protection against transients and high noise immunity.

In addition to the above, it can be noted also that the claimed invention are simple in operation simultaneously with high efficiency, versatility and efficiency with the maximum ability to adapt to various devices designed to control.

In addition, the proposed remote control has special commands that allow you to control power household appliances and brightness of lighting devices when using it claimed in this application the system.

This microprocessor is configured to operate in accordance with the data in the memory by the program and is designed to generate control signals a gradual increase or instant removal of the supply voltage with appliances, respectively, by turning them on and off. He also performed with the capability of processing and storing the signals received from the block receiving remotely transmitted by the user input signals, if necessary, with their subsequent recognition by successive comparison with codes of signals, pre-recorded in the memory of micropr is to control the brightness of lighting devices and to establish in advance a fixed brightness level.

Remote control via the communication line connected to the control input of the regulator associated with the unit receiving remotely transmitted signal, which is connected to one input of a microprocessor unit, a bidirectional links connected to the memory block. Another input of the microprocessor unit is connected to the keyboard unit and service switches. To the respective outputs of the microprocessor unit is connected to the inputs of N power control units on and off appliances and block light indication. The power supply is connected to the memory blocks, receiving remotely transmitted input signals and a microprocessor unit.

In addition, the controller further comprises a block selection clock signal from the electrical network, N blocks detection of the overcurrent, at least one detection unit temperature deviations and block sound,

Microprocessor unit of the inventive system is configured to control turning off electrical appliances when exceeding the permissible values of the operating parameters of functioning of power control units on and off electrical appliances when the belt intervals exceeding these parameters. Also microprocessor-based unit suitable for signal analysis on the parameters of the electrical network formed by the block selection pulses and for recording the information coming from the keyboard unit and service switches and block receiving remotely transmitted signals, the moments of switching on and switching off of lighting fixtures within the specified time periods corresponding to calendar days, with the subsequent reproduction referred to on and off States and those moments of switching on and off to simulate human presence in the room.

Another purpose microprocessor unit is a reproduction function "sunrise" and "sunset" by controlling on and off of lighting devices in accordance with the established time parameters.

To the inputs of the microprocessor unit is connected blocks detection of overcurrent and temperature deviations. The current output of the power supply is connected to one output of the controller, the output unit selection clock is connected with the corresponding input of the microprocessor unit and the control input of the power supply that is connected to the detection blocks is connected with the corresponding output of the i-th power control unit turning on and off appliances, the high-voltage terminal of the power supply connected to the input unit selection clock and output the i-th power control unit turning on and off of appliances, the output of which is connected with the i-th block detection of the overcurrent. One output of the controller directly, and the i-th output group individual findings controller through the i-th household appliance connected to the mains supply. The corresponding output of the power unit is connected to the common bus line connections wired or wireless, and remote control if necessary, is arranged to connect to said power supply or connection to the mains supply or with at least one auxiliary battery.

In addition, when using a wireless link, the remote control is designed with the possibility of joint management of more than one regulator and is designed to generate control signals in accordance with the selected controllers. The remote control can be executed with a possibility of emitting infrared signals or radio signals for transmission to the unit receiving remotely transmitted input the IAOD remote, contains the keyboard, the memory block, the block receiving the input signal transmission unit remote control commands, the batteries, the display unit, the block select mode, the microprocessor and the power management unit, the input of which is connected to the unit batteries and keyboard, and the output is connected to the unit receiving input signals, the memory unit and the microprocessor.

While the microprocessor is configured to, in accordance with the data in the memory program, process, recall, and recognition signals generated by the unit receiving the input signals received from other remote controls, and align these signals control signals transmitted by the transmission unit remote control commands and executed with parameters carrier frequency of the signal transmitted by the transmission unit of the remote control commands.

In addition, the microprocessor, at the request of the user, is designed to read from a memory block of code symbols corresponding to the selected controlled household appliance, and separate control of multiple household appliances in RA when the light control is arranged to control the brightness of lighting.. When the microprocessor intercom connected to the memory block, the block select mode Electromechanical made and designed to supply signals corresponding to the selected household appliances, in the microprocessor, connected to the outputs of block select mode, the keyboard and the unit receiving input signals. The outputs of the microprocessor is connected to the display unit and the transmission unit of the remote control commands.

The remote control can also be carried out with radiation of infrared signals or radio signals for transmission to the unit receiving remotely transmitted signals.

In addition, when using a wireless link, the remote control is designed with the possibility of joint management of more than one regulator and is designed to generate control signals in accordance with the selected controllers.

The claimed method for remote power control of household appliances, mainly lighting, is that produce a range of household appliances are subject to ongoing management and control type of wireless and/or wired and oprey the control parameters of the functioning of the implementing method of a remote control system, power appliances, whereby when the output of the above parameters within the acceptable cutoff values of household electrical appliances from the mains supply.

Furthermore, the method is based on the fact that the regulation of power supply electrical appliances is carried out by a smooth supply is turned on and/or immediate removal of the supply voltage when turning off appliances.

Pre-or during remote power control, if necessary, set a fixed value to power household appliances, and when the light control control the brightness of their glow, optionally having a predetermined fixed values of brightness, by switching on and off lighting at specific points in time reproduce the mode of their operation "sunrise" or "sunset" with the possibility of selecting and setting the time interval of the transition in the state of maximum luminosity in the "sunrise" and in the absence of glow in the mode of "sunset".

Also the method is that the signals generated on the basis of inputs received from the user, remember and in response to these signals the x signal, if necessary, add or change referred to compliance for new influences, the signals of which memorizes and establish new compliance control signals re-introduced.

After determining the frequency of the electric network parameters chosen values of these parameters, which are taken for constant, remembered them, and based on the obtained values are correction frequency parameters of control signals household appliances.

Power control of each appliance is produced by changing the time intervals during which the current is supplied the said appliance. When setting the time interval of the transition in the state of maximum luminosity in the "sunrise" and in the absence of luminescence in the "sunset" set user desired delayed time when switching modes "sunrise" or "sunset", set the mode light and, optionally, an audible confirmation of receipt of remote control signals, which carry information about the inputs.

When the parameters of functioning of appliances beyond the permissible is made and off appliances.

Also, the inventive method is based on the fact that when the light control within specified time periods corresponding to calendar days, remember the information about the moments of switching on and off lighting at the appropriate time of day with the current moving average of these values with the subsequent reproduction mentioned on and off state of the lighting devices and the above-mentioned time points. These operations are carried out to simulate human presence in the room that can be used to implement the security functions of the object, which established a system that implements this method of remote control.

This power regulation by smooth supply of the supply voltage is carried out for 0.5 to 1 sec.

The inventive power supply system for remote power control of household appliances, mainly lighting fixtures, contains RS-trigger, a smoothing capacitor, tomographically circuit with a rectifier and a comparator, the output of which is connected to the S input of RS flip-flop.

Entrance tomographically circuit with the rectifier connected to the high voltage input is a, current input which is the input of the rectifier, which is connected with one output key, a control input connected to the output of the RS-flip-flop.

R-input of the RS flip-flop is input to the control unit. Output tomographically circuit with the rectifier connected to the output of the rectifier, to the inputs of the comparator and of the stabilizer and to the positive terminal of the smoothing capacitor, the negative output of which is connected to common bus, and with another key.

The invention illustrated by the drawings.

In Fig. 1 presents a diagram of the inventive remote control system of Fig.2 - diagram of the regulator of Fig.3 - diagram of the remote control of Fig.4 - circuit power supply regulator.

Remote control system (Fig.1) includes a controller 1, which regulates the power supplied to the load 3, representing a household appliance that is plugged into an electrical supply network 4, the remote controller 2 and the communication line 5.

The regulator (Fig. 2) contains a microprocessor unit 6, the power supply unit 7, a memory unit 8, a keypad and service switches 9, block receiving remotely transmitted input signals 10, the unit of the indicator light 11, N (where N= 1, 2,...- the s appliances, N blocks detection overcurrent 15, block sound display 13, the block selection clock from the signal of the electric network 14, and at least one detection unit temperature variance 16.

Remote control (Fig.3) contains a microprocessor 17, a memory unit 18, block mode selector 19, a keyboard 20, the unit receiving the input signal 21, the transmission unit remote control commands 22, block batteries 23, the power management unit 24 and the display unit 25.

The power supply (Fig. 4) contains the RS-flip-flop 26, the key 27, a comparator 28, tomographically circuit 29 with the rectifier 30, a capacitor 31, a rectifier 32 and the regulator 33.

The remote controller 2 through the communication line 5 is connected to the control input of the regulator associated with the unit receiving remotely transmitted input signals 10, which is connected to the input of the microprocessor unit 6, bidirectional links connected to the memory unit 8.

The input of the microprocessor unit 6 is connected to the keyboard unit and service switches 9. To the respective outputs of the microprocessor unit is connected to the inputs of the i-th (where i=1 to N) of the power control unit on and off household electrorama remotely transmitted input signals 10, i-th power control unit turning on and off of appliances 12 and microprocessor block 6, block selection clock 14, the detection overcurrent 15 and temperature variance 16.

To the inputs of the microprocessor unit b is connected blocks detection overcurrent 15 and temperature variance 16. The current output of the power supply 7 is connected to one output of the controller, the output unit selection clock 14 is connected with the corresponding input of the microprocessor unit 6 and the control input of the power supply unit 7.

The I-th output group individual conclusions of the regulator is connected with the corresponding output of the i-th power control unit turning on and off of the appliance 12, the output of which through the i-th block detection overcurrent 15 is connected with the corresponding input of the microprocessor unit 6.

One output of the controller directly, and the i-th output group individual findings controller through the i-th household appliance 3 is connected to the supply network 4. The corresponding output of the power unit is connected to a common bus.

The communication line is made in the form of wired or wireless. The remote control if necessary, itausa network or, at least one auxiliary battery.

Microprocessor unit 6 contains a microcontroller, which can be used by the controller PIC16C63 firm "Microchip". The controller controls the operation of the circuit breaker in accordance with the program in its program memory.

The memory unit 8 includes a chip ROM non-volatile information storage and two-wire serial I / o (EEPROM).

As block 9 keypad and service switches can be used in clock buttons, or switches, etc.

As a unit receiving remotely transmitted input signals can be used hybrid chip narrowband sensitive photodetector, different varieties which are used in household electronic equipment.

In the power control unit turning on and off of appliances normally used powerful field-effect transistors with tomographically circuits rectifier that allows the system to realize current protection with high performance, since the transistors can be forcibly closed (turned off) in any is when the voltage is close to zero.

The detection unit overcurrent 15 is a voltage comparator that handles the signal coming from the power unit 12. The output signal from the detection unit overcurrent is supplied to the microprocessor unit 6, and the corresponding power unit disconnects the appliance from the electrical outlet.

In the remote control (Fig.3) the microprocessor 17 two-way communication is connected to the memory unit 18 and is connected to the outputs of block mode selector 19, a keyboard 20 and a block receiving input signals 21.

The outputs of the microprocessor 17 is connected to the display unit 25 and the transmission unit remote control commands 22.

The inputs of the power management unit 24 is connected to the unit batteries 23 and a keyboard 20, and the output is connected to the unit receiving input signals, the memory unit and the microprocessor. Block mode selection 19 may be made in the form of a switch.

The unit receiving input signals 21 of the remote control may be configured to receive infrared signals sent from other control panels, and in this case, the block 21 may consist of narrowband sensitive photodetector, filter and power switch, which disables photopresenter in his memory program processing, recall, and recognition signals generated by the unit receiving the input signals received from other remote controls,

Block allocation clock 14 is used to detect the presence of voltage in the electrical network and the frequency of the current in it and sends to the microprocessor unit pulses with a frequency and duty cycle 2. When the sync pulses are received at microprocessor unit for synchronizing the time the electrical transition voltage through zero, and the control input of the power supply unit to synchronize its operation with the mains voltage.

In the remote control the power management unit (electronic key), receiving a signal from the keyboard, delivers power from the unit batteries in the unit receiving input signals, a memory unit and a microprocessor.

The power supply regulator (Fig.4) the output of the comparator 28 is connected to the S input of RS flip-flop 26, the input tomographically circuit 29 with the rectifier 30 is connected to the high voltage input of the block.

The output of the stabilizer 33 is the output of the unit, current input which is the input of the rectifier 32 is connected with one output of the key 27, the control input to grancitelli circuit 29 with the rectifier 30 is connected to the output of rectifier 32, to the inputs of the comparator 28 and the regulator 33 to the positive terminal of the smoothing capacitor 31, the negative output of which is connected to the common bus and the other output of the key 27.

In the management of household appliances, for example, lighting devices, the functioning of the claimed invention is as follows.

In a system that implements the claimed method includes at least one controller, powered by electric AC network, and at least one remote control, supplied from an independent source. Each controller may include one or more power units 12 (Fig. 2) to separately adjust the power accordingly, one or more lighting devices. One (common) output of the controller directly connected to the mains, some of the conclusions of the regulator connected to the pins of the power units connected to the electrical network through the appropriate lighting.

Microprocessor controller unit in accordance with the data in the memory by the program, are attributed to the following functions: issuing control signals a gradual increase or instant removal of pitysnia input signals. Subsequently, if necessary, at the request of the user microprocessor implements the detection of the mentioned input signals by sequential comparison with codes of signals, pre-recorded in the memory, controlling brightness of lighting and setting in advance a fixed brightness level control off electrical appliances when exceeding the permissible values of the working parameters of the system operation when the detected temperature deviations, the accumulation of information about the time intervals exceeding these parameters, signal analysis on the parameters of the electric network, the account information received from the keypad and service switches and block receiving remotely transmitted input signals, on the moments of switching on and switching off of lighting fixtures within the specified time periods corresponding to calendar days, with the subsequent reproduction referred to on and off States and those moments of switching on and off to simulate the presence of people in the room, and playback functions "sunrise" and "sunset" by controlling on and off of lighting fixtures in what edstam of its inclusion in the food chain electric lighting device 3, executes the initialization program, analyzes the frequency of the voltage in the electrical network 4 based on the signal received from the block selection clock 14, and data is written in the memory unit 8. In the future, the frequency of the voltage in the electrical network is considered to be constant (50 or 60 Hz) up to and including loss of voltage supply circuit controller (disconnect switch or appliance from the mains) and at the next system start is determined again. Analysis of the frequency of the current in the electrical network is required to synchronize the time of filing of the current in the appliance with the transition voltage through zero to avoid peak surge current at the time of applying current to an electrical device, and to maximize the power coming into the appliance.

Next the controller goes into a wait state command, then there is a poll keypad and service switches 9, block receiving remotely transmitted input signals 10. Also during the whole time of operation of the microprocessor controller unit are controlled by signals from the temperature detection unit variance 16 and block detection overcurrent 15. The detection unit temperature deviations 16 smartee exit temperature is outside of the allowed values.

Every 1.5 minutes in the memory unit controller provides information on the status of the controller (enabled or disabled and what power level electrical lighting device is installed) for subsequent use during simulated human presence, and uses information about the work in the last seven days (in memory is written to the averaged data, as briefly turn on and off are not captured).

Upon receipt of the signal from the keyboard unit and service switches or remote control via the communication line and the unit receiving remotely transmitted signals executes the corresponding command (to increase brightness, enable the "sunrise", to turn on the light). Inclusion occurs smoothly, in order to reduce inrush current, as the resistance of the cold filament lamps has a significantly lower value than the lights, turned up to full power. If the maximum power of the appliance exceeds the maximum allowable, or the inside temperature of the controller exceeds the maximum allowed, the block detection overcurrent or temperature detection unit variance on the microprocessor unit receives the corresponding si is ora, occurred due to exceeding the maximum permissible load capacity, high ambient temperature or hindered ventilation, and reaching this temperature the critical value, the detection unit temperature deviations on the microprocessor unit receives the appropriate signal, which captures the moment of discovery encountered an emergency situation and begins to produce a permanent record in the memory block data operation controller mode thermal overload, for example, remembered the time during which the controller is operated in thermal overload

These data, due to the regime of thermal overload, can then be used to resolve potential conflicts with the damage of the controller caused by prolonged violation of the operational requirements. With further increase in temperature, the controller beeps and turns off the unit from the mains. This appliance may be forcibly included in the mode of consumption, not more than 40% of maximum power, and at the time, not more than two minutes. These restrictions will be in place up until the temperature inside the controller is here using the remote to generate signals, control power household appliances, and also you can quickly set the desired brightness of the lighting appliance, which is provided through the use of the remote microprocessor is arranged to control the brightness of their light, by generating the appropriate signals to the transmission unit of the remote control commands.

For this purpose, the remote control is available (depending on modification) keyboard consisting of one or more buttons. With a short press on one of them, the regulator sets previously saved for this button, the brightness of the lights, while a longer press of the knob is translated in the recall mode, the brightness corresponding to the selected button. Then using the remote or keyboard controller set the required brightness. Prior and current setting of modes by using the software of the claimed system. The command console is selected, the brightness can be saved in the memory unit of the controller.

The microprocessor of the remote control used in the remote control system implemented with separate control of multiple control objects only household humidifiers. This unit provides an Electromechanical block mode selection, designed to set the appropriate combination of control objects and the signal corresponding to the predetermined combination on the microprocessor. This procedure is carried out by the user by selecting the appropriate buttons on the remote control, the microprocessor reads from the memory unit code characters corresponding to the selected control object, pre-recorded in the memory unit of the remote control.

In addition, the microprocessor of the remote control is configured to, in accordance with the data in the memory program, process, recall, and recognition signals generated by the unit receiving the input signals received from other remote controls, and align these signals control signals transmitted by the transmission unit remote control commands and executed with parameters carrier frequency of the signal transmitted by the transmission unit of the remote control commands, in addition, the microprocessor, at the request of the user, is designed to read from a memory block of code symbols, corresponding to the selected object uprinter and with the possibility of generating signals, control power appliances, and when the light control is arranged to control the brightness of the lights,

To control the controller can be used consoles from other devices using the same communication line (infrared rays or radio). To do this, the controller must be configured to commands received from these consoles, and in the memory block of the pre-regulator, for example, when buying or preparing for the release of the finished product manufacturer should be written codes of the respective teams. Setting mode to receive signals from other remotes is set by the user. Using the keypad controller will be switched to the "training". Then, using the keypad select the function of the regulator, which must be implemented by the team coming from the other so-called "learning" remote.

Hold the corresponding buttons on the controller, the user clicks a button on the remote control corresponding to the selected function. The signal received from the block receiving remotely transmitted signals are converted by a program embedded in the microprocessor memory is the top panel, so call it the "correct training", to acknowledge receipt of the command receiving the corresponding signals that emit these blocks sound and light alarm. Similarly configurable control other functions of the regulator, for example, as has been described above, separate management of multiple control objects in different combinations. Then, using the keypad, the controller exits the mode of "learning" and is in the normal standby mode commands.

The controller has a function of turning off of lighting fixtures through the time period set by the user. To do this remote control command "sunset" for not less than one second. When the controller transmits the audio signal that corresponds to the delay function "sunset" for 15 minutes, pressing "sunset" on the remote control increases the delay time by 15 minutes. Thus, the turn-on delay time mode "sunset" can be 15, 30, 45 or 60 minutes.

Separate control of multiple controllers that are part of the remote control system, by using block mode selection remote control is the each button, designed for lighting control, correspond to two teams, the choice of which is performed using block mode selection, that is, the set of buttons to control the lights correspond to the two sets of commands. On the controller, in turn, is the mode switch, which is part of the keyboard unit and service switches by which the user selects a set of console commands that must respond to the controller. Thus, the remote control switch block selection mode which is set to "1", will be managed by the controller, the mode switch on the keypad and service switch which is set to "1". To control the controller mode switch on the keypad and the service switch is set to position "2", the switch unit mode selector on the remote control should also put in position "2". As a result, changing the position of switch mode selector on the remote control, you can separately control the two controllers using the same buttons on the remote control.

The power supply regulator allows sufficient to supply all of its units through the use of two variant is obtained at a power less than 60% of the maximum; second, when the power supplied to the appliance exceeds 60% of the maximum. For the first variant used tomographically circuit 29 with the rectifier 30. The voltage output from the rectifier 30 is smoothed by the capacitor 31 and to the input of the regulator 33.

The signal from unit selection clock translates RS-flip-flop 26 in position, covering the key 27. If the voltage on the capacitor 31 exceeds the reference voltage of the comparator 28, the comparator output signal is fed to the input S of the RS flip-flop and the key 27 is opened again.

When the power of the appliance that exceeds 60%, the current flowing through tomographically chain becomes insufficient to supply all the blocks in the controller. The signal from unit selection clock translates RS-flip-flop 26 in position, covering the key 27, and the current through the rectifier 32 charges the capacitor 31 to a voltage exceeding the reference voltage of the comparator 28, after which the comparator output signal is fed to the input S of the RS flip-flop and the key 27 is opened again.

Thus, when the private key 27 current flowing through the appliance, charges the capacitor 31. The signal from block allocation of sync pulses at the time, Etela 32 and thereby to avoid it (condenser) damage. In addition, the voltage taken from key 27 to charge the capacitor 31 is subtracted from the voltage supplied to the appliance, therefore synchronizing the operation key 27 with the line voltage using a signal with unit selection clock eliminates flashing lighting appliances included in the system.

The remote control works as follows. On a signal from the keyboard of the remote control is activated, the power management unit 24 circuit panel. The voltage from the unit batteries 23 via the power management unit is fed to the microprocessor 17, a memory unit 18 and the unit receiving the input signal 21. Immediately after this, the signal from the keyboard sets the command supplied by the microprocessor 17 to block the transmission of remote control commands 22. The power management unit applies a voltage to said blocks for approximately two seconds after loss of signal from the keyboard, then the power of the microprocessor, the memory block and the block of reception of the input signal is removed, which results in the saving of the life of batteries included in the unit batteries 23.

The remote control system has a capability is th using the keypad, the user moves the remote in learn mode. Pressing and holding the button on the remote control, which you want to assign a command corresponding to the selected function, push the button for this function on the training remote. The signal from the emitter of the training unit through the communication line is supplied to the unit receiving external signals of the remote control and then to the microprocessor, where with the help of programs stored in the program memory of the microprocessor is converted into a command code, which is recorded in the memory unit of the remote. Similarly, configure the other buttons on the remote control to the corresponding selected function learning remote. After the end of the configuration process, the user using the keyboard puts the remote in the normal state, when pressing buttons on the remote will issue the appropriate command.

For remote control of household audio and video equipment in the memory unit of the remote control contains a set of codes that correspond to commands control various models of household appliances (TVs, VCRs or stereos). The user can select from a list of the most convenient set of commands for managing existing appliances. Moreover, any selected n is, described above, and stored in the memory unit of the remote control.

Analysis of patent and literature showed that the collection specified in the inventions of the signs has not been described and it is not known, and it is this combination provides functional completeness, completeness technical solutions and achieve goals.

It is obvious that the proposed preferred implementations of the inventions are some of the possible various modifications without changing the essence of the described invention can find application in various fields of production and human life.

1. Remote control system power household appliances, mainly lighting devices containing at least one remote control and at least one controller containing the memory block, the block keyboard and maintenance of switches, at least one block receiving remotely transmitted input signals, block light indication, N (where N= 1, 2. . . - the number of separately managed appliances) power control units on and off electrical appliances, power supply and microprocessor unit, when e is ü program and is designed to generate control signals a gradual increase or instant removal of the supply voltage with appliances, respectively, at their on and off, as well as made with the possibility of processing and storing the signals received from the block receiving remotely transmitted input signals, if necessary, with their subsequent recognition by successive comparison with codes of signals, pre-recorded in the memory of the microprocessor unit, and when the light control microprocessor unit is designed to control the brightness of lighting devices and to establish in advance a fixed level of brightness, remote control via the communication line connected to the control input of the regulator associated with the unit receiving remotely transmitted signal, which is connected to one input of a microprocessor unit, a bidirectional links connected to the memory block, another input of the microprocessor unit is connected to the keyboard unit and the service switches to the corresponding outputs of the microprocessor unit is connected to the inputs of N power control units on and off appliances and block light indication, the power supply is connected to the memory blocks, receiving remotely transmitted input signals and a microprocessor unit, wherein the Eugenia overcurrent, at least one temperature detection unit variance and unit audible indication, microprocessor unit configured to control switching off electrical appliances when exceeding the permissible values of the operating parameters of functioning of power control units on and off electrical appliances when receiving a signal from the temperature detection unit variance, with the possibility of accumulation of information about the time intervals exceeding these parameters, and is suitable for signal analysis on the parameters of the electrical network formed by the block selection pulses and for recording information, coming from the keypad and service switches and block receiving remotely transmitted input signals on the moments of switching on and switching off of lighting fixtures within the specified time periods corresponding to calendar days, with the subsequent reproduction referred to on and off States and those moments of switching on and off to simulate human presence in the room, and also plays a function "sunrise" and "sunset" by controlling turning on and off of lighting Any blocks detection of overcurrent and temperature deviations, the current output of the power supply is connected to one output of the controller, the output unit selection clock is connected with the corresponding input of the microprocessor unit and the control input of the power supply, which is connected to the power detection overcurrent and temperature deviations, the i-th output group individual conclusions of the regulator is connected with the corresponding output of the i-th power control unit turning on and off appliances, high-voltage output of the power supply connected to the input unit selection of clock pulses and with the corresponding output of the i-th power control unit turning on and off appliances, the output of which is connected with the i-th block detection overcurrent, one output of the controller directly, and the i-th output group individual findings controller through the i-th household appliance connected to the mains supply, the corresponding output of the power unit is connected to the common bus line connections wired or wireless.

2. The system under item 1, wherein the remote control includes a keyboard, a memory block, the block receiving the input signal transmission unit remote control commands, the unit batteries,the eye of batteries and keyboard and the output is connected to the unit receiving input signals, the memory unit and the microprocessor, and the microprocessor is configured to, in accordance with the data in the memory program, process, recall, and recognition signals generated by the unit receiving the input signals received from other remote controls, and align these signals control signals transmitted by the transmission unit remote control commands and executed with parameters carrier frequency of the signal transmitted by the transmission unit of the remote control commands, in addition, the microprocessor, upon user request, designed to be read from memory block of code symbols corresponding to the selected controlled household appliance, and separate control of multiple household appliances in different combinations and with the possibility of generating signals that control the power of the household appliance, and when the light control is arranged to control the brightness of the lighting devices, the microprocessor intercom connected to the memory block, the block webaim appliance, in a microprocessor, connected to the outputs of block select mode, the keyboard and the unit receiving the input signals, the outputs of the microprocessor is connected to the display unit and the transmission unit of the remote control commands.

3. The system under item 1, characterized in that the remote control is designed with the possibility of emitting infrared signals or radio signals.

4. The system under item 1, characterized in that the remote control is designed with the possibility of joint management of more than one regulator and is designed to generate control signals in accordance with the selected controllers.

5. Way remote control power household appliances, mainly lighting, implemented in the system under item 1 and which consists in the fact that produce a range of household appliances are subject to ongoing management and control type of wireless and/or wired, define the frequency parameters of the mains, carry out constant monitoring of parameters of functioning of the implementing method of a remote control system, power appliances, whereby when the output of the mentioned paragraph is ome, the method is based on the fact that the regulation of power supply electrical appliances is carried out by a smooth supply is turned on and/or immediate removal of the supply voltage when turning off appliances, pre-or during remote power control, if necessary, set a fixed value to power appliances in the management of lighting control their brightness glow, optionally having a predetermined fixed values of brightness, the method consists in the fact that the signals generated on the basis of inputs received from the user, remember and in response to these signals form the control signals household appliances, by matching receive and control signals, if necessary, add or change referred to compliance for new influences, the signals of which memorizes and establish new compliance control signals re-introduced, characterized in that after determining the frequency of the electric network parameters chosen values of these parameters, which are taken for constant, remembered them, and on the basis of gender and, produce power control of each appliance by changing the time intervals during which the current is supplied the said appliance, set the length and, if necessary, sound, confirm receipt of remote control signals, which carry information about the inputs, when the output parameters of the operation of household appliances within the acceptable values include alarm and record the characteristics of the mentioned parameters when selected household appliances, when the light control by turning on and off them at given points in time reproduce the mode of their operation "sunrise" or "sunset" with the possibility of selecting and setting the time interval of the transition in the state of maximum luminosity in the "sunrise" and in the absence of luminescence in the "sunset" set user desired delayed time when switching modes "sunrise" or "sunset", and within the specified time periods corresponding to calendar days, remember the information about the moments of switching on and off of lighting equipment suitable for the on and off state of the lighting devices and the above-mentioned time points to simulate human presence in the room.

6. The method according to p. 5, wherein the power regulation by smooth supply of the supply voltage is carried out for 0.5 to 1 second

7. The power supply regulator for the remote control system power household appliances, mainly lighting devices containing RS-trigger, a smoothing capacitor, tomographically circuit with a rectifier and a comparator, the output of which is connected to the S input of RS flip-flop input tomographically circuit with the rectifier connected to the high voltage output unit, characterized in that it introduced the key, the rectifier and regulator whose output is the output of the block, a current output which is the input of the rectifier, which is connected with one output key, a control input connected to the output of the RS flip-flop R - input of which is the control input unit, the output tomographically circuit with the rectifier connected to the output of the rectifier, to the inputs of the comparator and of the stabilizer and to the positive terminal of the smoothing capacitor, the negative output of which is connected to common bus, and with another key.

 

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2 cl, 1 dwg

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