The method of thermal insulation of external walls and a device for implementing the method of thermal insulation of external walls

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the construction, namely the revetment of external walls of buildings, as well as to methods and devices for their manufacture and/or installation. Technical result: the possibility of insulating the walls of buildings without compromising their integrity. The method of thermal insulation of external walls includes installation parts of the outer cladding layer on the outside of the wall, parallel to its surface, filling the space between the wall and the outer cladding layer filling insulating system and its cure. As parts of the outer facing layer, use ceramic or plastic tiles, fixed with the help of detachable joints on the vertical support plate. The installation parts of the outer cladding layer is performed with adjacent bottom and side limiters, directly adjacent to a wall, before filling polyurethane casting system of the space between the wall and part of the outer cladding layer close to the wall set extra long profile products unclosed section forming with the wall surface of the ventilation ka the method of thermal insulation of external walls of buildings includes a vertical support plate with fixed clamping devices, each of which includes a cylindrical housing located inside the spring, the rod passing through the cylindrical body within the spring and interacting with it through the sleeve and nut, screw on one of the ends of the rod and at the other end of the rod is a pressure plate, provided with an elastic roller and the rotary wedge with a hole for passage of the rod. 2 C. p. F.-ly, 3 ill.

The invention relates to the construction, and more specifically to methods and devices for manufacturing and/or installation of facing of exterior walls.

The increasing demands for enclosing structures of civil buildings necessitate careful insulation of building walls for their construction and repair.

Various methods of thermal insulation of external walls of buildings (Construction of civil buildings, edited by Professor M. S. Tupolev, M.: stroiizdat, 1973, S. 33, 34, 183; copyright certificates of the USSR 1622544, E 04 In 1/76, publ. 1991, 1767118, E 04 In 1/76, publ.1992).

The closest to the proposed method is a known method of thermal insulation of external walls, including the installation of parts of the outer cladding layer on the outside of the wall, parallel the existing system and its cure (patent RF 2046903, E 04 F 13/00, publ. 1995).

A device for implementing the method of thermal insulation of external walls, including guides special profile, rigidly attached to the surface of the walls, which set the cladding (RF patent 2046903, E 04 F 13/00, publ. 1995). While the guides are made in the form of vertically arranged strips perpendicular to the surface of the walls with inclined slits.

The closest to the proposed device is a known device for implementing the method of thermal insulation of external walls of buildings with the use of clamping devices for fastening parts of the outer cladding layer, and the clamping device is attached to a wall and a floor, in which, after the implementation of the insulation remain fasteners (bolts or studs) clamping devices (European patent 0070928, E 04 F 13/08, publ. 1983).

To ensure that facilities perform insulation work we propose a method of thermal insulation of external walls, including the installation of parts of the outer cladding layer on the outside of the wall, parallel to its surface, filling the space between the wall and the outer cladding layer filling insulating system is the cue or polymer tiles, fortified with the help of detachable joints on the vertical support plate, a part of the outer cladding layer is performed with adjacent bottom and side limiters, directly adjacent to a wall, before filling polyurethane casting system of the space between the wall and part of the outer cladding layer close to the wall set extra long profile products unclosed section forming with the wall surface of the ventilation channels, after curing system, disconnect the vertical plate and stops.

Also proposed a device for implementing the method of thermal insulation of external walls of buildings with the use of clamping devices for fastening parts of the outer cladding layer, characterized in that the device comprises a vertical support plate with fixed clamping devices each of which includes a cylindrical housing located inside the spring, the rod passing through the cylindrical body within the spring and interacting with it through the sleeve and nut, screw on one of the ends of the rod and at the other end of the rod is a pressure plate, equipped with a flexible method and device is it becomes possible to carry out thermal insulation of the walls of the building without compromising the integrity of the latter.

In Fig. 1 shows a General view and a side view of a device for implementing the method of thermal insulation of external walls of buildings, and Fig.2 - General view and a side view (in section) of the clamping device; Fig.3 - section rotary wedge.

In accordance with Fig.1-3, the device for implementing the method of thermal insulation of external walls of buildings consists of a base plate 1, is rigidly attached to the plate of a square 2, mounted on the square 2 of the clamping devices 3, the holding plate tile 4, as well as removable limiter (limiting plates) 5. Clamping device 3 consists of a cylindrical body (Cup) 6, rigidly attached to the brackets 2, the spring 7 located inside the Cup 6, the rod 8 passing through the glass within 6 spring 7 and interacting with it through the sleeve 9 and the nut 10, screw on one of the ends of the rod 8, the pressure plate 11, which is located at the other end of the rod 8 and is provided with an elastic roller 12, and the rotary wedge 13 with a hole for passage of the rod. The bounding plates 5 adjacent to the outer wall of the building.

A way of insulating narubi plate 1 is located in a horizontal position, and pressure plates 11 are pressed swivel wedges 13, is placed on the plate 1 facing tile 4 face to the plate 1. Turn the wedges 13 fix tile 4 on plate 1 with an elastic roller 12. Bring the device in an upright position and place it parallel to the exterior wall of the building so that the removable bounding plates 5 adjacent to the wall. If necessary for the formation of ducts installed close to the wall vertical or sloping profile of the product. After that, the space between the device and the wall is filled casting polyurethane composition so that after lifting the foam level was below the elastic roller 12. After the end of rise of the foam and its full curing by the rotation of the wedges 13 loose tile 4 and the device is removed. Then the operation is repeated by setting the device with the next set of tiles above the already pinned tiles or close beside them so that the result has formed a solid wall heat-insulating lining, a heat insulating layer which is a monolithic polyurethane foam, gradually formed in the serial the th. Insulation wall junction facing to the window and door openings to easily alter the shape and size of the removable bounding plates 5.

1. The method of thermal insulation of external walls, including the installation of parts of the outer cladding layer on the outside of the wall parallel to its surface, filling the space between the wall and the outer cladding layer filling insulating system and its curing, characterized in that as parts of the outer facing layer, use ceramic or plastic tiles, fixed with the help of detachable joints on the vertical support plate, a part of the outer cladding layer is performed with adjacent bottom and side limiters, closely adjacent to the wall, however, before filling polyurethane casting system of the space between the wall and part of the outer cladding layer, close to the wall set extra long profile products unclosed section forming with the wall surface of the ventilation channels, after curing system, disconnect the vertical plate and stops.

2. The device for implementing the method is izvechnogo layer, characterized in that the device comprises a vertical support plate with fixed clamping devices each of which includes a cylindrical housing located inside the spring, the rod passing through the cylindrical body within the spring and interacting with it through the sleeve and nut, screw on one of the ends of the rod and at the other end of the rod is a pressure plate, provided with an elastic roller and the rotary wedge with a hole for passage of the rod.

 

Same patents:

The invention relates to the production of construction works, in particular, for the reconstruction or rehabilitation of buildings and structures with simultaneous thermal insulation and architectural cladding

The invention relates to the construction, namely, devices for attaching the facing plates

The invention relates to the field of construction and can be widely used in the construction of new or reconstruction of existing buildings and structures

The invention relates to the manufacture of building products of concrete mixtures, having decorative features, such as tiles, wall panel, decorative, including functional and decorative properties, the elements of interior spaces, and can find application mainly at facing of walls of buildings and constructions, both outside and indoors

The invention relates to the production of decorative building products of concrete mixtures

The invention relates to the field of construction

The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to the structures of sheet panels and method of installation

The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to the exterior walls of residential and industrial buildings, and can be used in the reconstruction of buildings and in new construction

The invention relates to the supporting anchor for fixing facing the arch-shell on the bearing of the arch-shell with fastening zones separated by o-rings and filled curable mass

The invention relates to the field of industrial and civil construction, and is intended for mounting cladding of buildings and structures, mainly with sheet insulation, ensuring compliance with building codes requirements, and can be used for the reconstruction and construction of new buildings and structures

FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.

SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.

EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.

SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.

EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.

SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.

EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.

14 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.

SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members, fastening members and a number of support units. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each load-bearing member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Bottom part of load-bearing U-shaped profile is provided with at least three elongated orifices for load-bearing profile connection to support unit and for hanging member connection to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile. Orifices in end plate, hanging member and load-bearing U-shaped profile are similar in shape. Load-bearing U-shaped profile orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing U-shaped profile.

EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging.

5 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises parallel carrying profiles each formed of metal or polymeric material by extrusion operation or by sheet material bending. Each profile has hollow post. Orifices to connect carrying profiles to bearing structure are formed in carrying profile base. The carrying profile base also has clamp. Opposite side of the base is defined by partitions having free ends creating gap along carrying profile of the second post. Partitions are located between carrying profile posts and extend transversely to the posts. The partitions are made as posts of carrying profile having H-shaped cross-section and located between the posts. Posts of H-shaped carrying profile are defined by flanges and post of thrust profiles having U-shaped cross sections connecting the flanges. The thrust profiles face cladding panels by opened cavities thereof. Free end of each flange defined by thrust profile cross-section is bent inside the cavity so that acute angle is created in-between. Extensions of longitudinal mounting profile ridges are arranged between trust profile bends. The mounting profile has longitudinal extensions. Mounting profile strip touches free end of each mounting profile flange at bends. Longitudinal extension of face side ribs are directed one towards another. Adjacent cladding panels create cladding panel fixing profile at joint between grooves thereof in which longitudinal mounting profile rib extension are inserted.

EFFECT: simplified facing structure, increased manufacturability, reduced labor inputs for facing structure assemblage, prevention of panels to be connected misalignment.

10 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: support panel has rectangular shape and is provided with four fastening members arranged on inner surface thereof. The fastening members are made as mounting hooks formed so that distance between inner panel surface and hook end L is equal to heat insulation layer thickness H. Horizontal and vertical distances between the hooks correspond to distance between ears connected to load-bearing structure of building.

EFFECT: simplified structure and assembly operation.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used for external system of heat protection (ventilated facades) and it is intended for forming external wall enclosures with increased thermo-technical characteristics. Method includes preliminary mounting of window modules a t construction site, height of modules doesn't exceed three floors; window modules are built in form of frame carcasses. Window modules are mounted in form of frame carcass of design architectural window opening. Then vertical beacons are mounted later along line of designed joints of wall enclosures, while taking compensation spaces in mentioned joints into account, and along line of side slopes of designed window openings. Openings disposed in relation to vertical beacons are marked and drilled in coverings for making fixing units; fixing units are mounted in pairs and tied together preliminary by threaded pins through openings in support paws of units and openings in coverings. Pullout console are removed outside contours of coverings. Separate posts and window modules are mounted in fixing units due to bringing openings in embrace fork of fixing unit with corresponding oval openings at ends of separate posts and posts of window modules and they are fastened by threaded connection. Compensation spaces are provided at edges of posts at level of coverings b subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift. Plane of façade is graded due to subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift at direction being perpendicular to plane of façade. Designed joints of wall enclosures and side slopes of designed architectural window openings relatively vertical beacons are checked through horizontal shift of separate posts and window modules. Fixing units are coupled finally by means of thread pins through additional fixing openings inside their carrier consoles and through preliminary drilled openings in coverings. Horizontal beacons are installed on line of top and low slides of designed architectural window openings. Reliability of horizontal tying of window openings is inspected due to sifting horizontal cross stapling along posts of window modules. Window units are installed inside designed architectural window openings and inter-level wall enclosures are formed by fixing sandwich-type panels to back sides of separate posts and posts of window modules due to L-shaped fixing elements and self-tapping screws. Then inter-level gaps among wall enclosures are made habitable to winter due to fixing warm-keeping stuff by plate dowels to coverings at side of faced; then members for fixing facing are mounted. Device for realization of the method is also described.

EFFECT: quicker mounting and dismounting of wall enclosures; higher efficiency of warming.

7 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly for tile laying on wall enclosures, namely on vented facades, to create relief architecture compositions (architectural orders) arranged in single plane.

SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises the first facing tile set including tiles having flat interior surfaces, which define common facade plane. Facing structure includes horizontal profiles fastened to vertical ones and connection members, which are secured to vertical profiles and provide visible or concealed facing tile connection. The connection members fix upper, lower tile parts or two adjacent tiles. Facing structure also comprises support flanges of tile edge fastening members. Tile edge fastening members adapted for concealed tile fastening are to be inserted in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The facing structure additionally has arch module projecting out of common building facade plane. The arch module is preliminarily assembled at building site and retained over arch formed in building wall by means of anchoring bolts passing through orifices of the supports. The facing structure also has the second tile set including tiles projecting out of common facade plane and having different cross-sections. Edges of the second tiles are supported by support flanges, which provide visible or concealed tile connection and have similar grooves adapted to receive wings of fastening members for concealed tile fastening. Arch module including facing tiles, connection members for visible or concealed tile connection, which secure lower tile parts and two adjacent tiles, and support flanges for tile edge fixation. The support flanges, which provide concealed tile fastening pass in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The arch module is made as frame including holders with box-like cross-sections and connected one with another by means of stiffening components. The holders have support for holder connection to wall. At least two members to secure lower tile parts and at least one member to retain two adjacent tiles are fastened to facial holder sides and define pockets for radially formed tiles receiving made in exterior frame part between the holders. Members for lower tile part fixation extend along longitudinal holder axes. Members for simultaneous fastening of two adjacent tiles are transversal to longitudinal holder axes.

EFFECT: possibility to change appearance of buildings including ones having arch openings.

5 cl, 21 dwg

FIELD: construction, particularly coverings or linings, for instance, for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.

SUBSTANCE: composite bracket comprises holder connected to building wall and provided with longitudinal guiders. The holder is adapted to fix reinforcing member from building wall side. The reinforcing member is made as box with flanges having rounded ends and extending vertically upwards and downwards with respect to the holder. Oval orifices are made in upper and lower parts of box wall. Oval orifices have major axes extending in horizontal plane. Box is provided with sub-stamping located in area of box joining with holder. The sub-stamping extends for holder end wall thickness and provides close fitting of outer box wall and outer holder end surface to building wall.

EFFECT: increased strength, reliability, air-tightness and rigidity of hanged panel connection to building wall.

4 dwg

Up!