The barrel of the chute multi-storey buildings

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the field of construction and is designed to remove debris and waste in residential and public buildings, and in buildings of industrial enterprises. An object of the invention is the creation of environmentally friendly garbage disposal, reduction of material and labor in the manufacture of refuse chutes in newly constructed buildings, as well as when replacing the barrels of refuse chutes in public buildings. The barrel of rubbish a multi-storey building includes non-combustible or fire-resistant, preferably sound-proof outer shell and the inner metal shell with a wall thickness not less than 0.3 mm, an Outer shell made of at least part of the perimeter of the inner shell, if possible, perform the function of the missing part of the perimeter of the outer shell wall or walls and/or partitions of a building, and/or building structure, with the formation of the cavity or cavities between the shells, filled with non-combustible filler of a possible deviation of the geometric dimensions of the inner shell in cross-section in the area of the filler is not more than 1/10 of velesta and is designed to remove debris and waste in residential and public buildings, as well as in buildings of industrial enterprises.

The most widely used currently got a garbage disposal in which the barrel is made of asbestos cement pipes /see Tupolev M. S. Design of civil buildings. M , stroiizdat, 1973 , S. 226, 227/.

The use of asbestos cement pipes, garbage disposal units buildings has a number of negative aspects:

1. The complexity of the installation mesorectal due to the large weight and size, which is associated with high costs for installation of incinerator;

2. When the use of asbestos-cement pipe, it is difficult to ensure the tightness of the barrel of the chute and the alignment of its constituent tubes;

3. Asbestos, used in the production of asbestos-cement pipes, is a carcinogenic material that degrades the environment and can cause disease in humans;

4. Low maintainability of the barrel dumping of asbestos-cement pipe.

The closest analogue is the garbage disposal high-rise buildings, including the barrel from the outer fire resistant and sound insulating sheath and the inner metal shell /patent of Russia 2129641, class E 04 F 17/10, 1999 /.

In the famous chute outer barrel made of light monolitnosti - formwork and increases consumption through the creation of additional supports under the massive trunk.

The objective of the invention is the creation of "eco-friendly" rubbish, reduce material and labor costs in the manufacture of refuse chutes in newly constructed buildings, as well as when replacing the barrels of refuse chutes in public buildings.

The problem is solved in that the barrel of rubbish high-rise buildings, including non-combustible or fire-resistant, preferably sound-proof, outer shell and the inner metal shell with a wall thickness not less than 0.3 mm, the outer shell is made of at least part of the perimeter of the inner shell when possible, perform the function of the missing part of the perimeter of the outer shell wall or walls and/or partitions of a building and/or building structure with the formation of the cavity or cavities between the shells, filled with non-combustible filler of a possible deviation of the geometric dimensions of the inner shell in cross-section in the area of the filler is not more than 1/10 of the inner diameter of the inner shell.

The invention poyasnaya shell 2. The cavity between the shells is filled with non-combustible filler 4. The barrel of the chute has at least one loading opening 6 (Fig. 1 - 6).

In Fig. 1 shows a longitudinal (vertical) incision of the trunk of the chute with the inner shell 1, the outer shell 2, the floor beams 5 and the charging hole 6;

in Fig. 2 - section a-a in Fig. 1 barrel of rubbish, with the outer shell 2 around the perimeter of the inner shell 1, with the filling of the cavity between the shells non-combustible filler 4;

in Fig. 3 - section a-a in Fig. 1 barrel of rubbish, with the outer shell 2 on part of the perimeter of the inner shell 1, with a wall or partition of a building 3 role of the missing part of the perimeter, filling the cavity between the shells non-combustible filler 4;

in Fig. 4 - section a-a in Fig. 1 barrel of rubbish, with the outer shell 2 on part of the perimeter of the inner shell 1, with walls or partitions of a building 3 role of the missing part of the perimeter, filling the cavity between the shells non-combustible filler 4;

in Fig. 5 is an embodiment of the outer shell of the barrel garbage disposal together with the walls of the building, which has a triangle shape in Locke 2 on part of the perimeter of the inner shell 1, with walls or partitions of a building 3 role of the missing part of the perimeter, filling the cavity between the shells non-combustible filler 4, and has an inlet opening 6;

in Fig. 6 - section a-a in Fig. 1 barrel of rubbish, with the outer shell 2 on part of the perimeter of the inner shell 1, with walls or partitions of a building 3 role of the missing parts of the perimeter, in the greater part of the perimeter of the inner shell with the filling of the cavity between the shells non-combustible filler 4.

The outer shell of the barrel of the chute may be made of any geometrical shape. Preferably the execution of the outer shell, shaped in horizontal section (section a-a and/or b-B of Fig. 1) square or rectangle (Fig. 2, 3, 4, 6) or triangle (Fig. 5). You can execute external shell or part of a round or polygon. The shape of the outer shell is determined based on the location of the barrel garbage in the area, its proximity to the walls and/or partitions of buildings, facilities operation, architectural and/or design solutions.

The inner metal shell 1 may be covered with a layer at least on its internal calibration 1 from corrosion resistant metal.

Using as the material of the inner lining of the trunk of a corrosion resistant metal increases its corrosion resistance, thus improving the operational characteristics of mushroomed.

The inner metal shell 1 may consist of several installed at each other shells made in such a way that ensures the entrance of the lower part of the upper shell of each next upper shell at the bottom to a depth of from 0.1 to 300 mm

The inner metal shell 1 may consist of several installed at each other shells, each of which is made with beading at the top of the envelope bottom edge of the upper shell.

This design ensures the tightness of the inner shell and the ease of installation.

The outer shell 2 may be made of brick and/or block-level elements, and/or solid materials, and/or small items.

When performing outer shell or parts of brick and/or block, and/or solid materials, and/or small items, they can be stacked in one or more series by the thickness of the outer shell.

Mainly performing external Obol">

Mostly the placement of the outer shell between floors of a building or between floor stairwell.

The ceilings of the building or storey stair coverings can perform the function of the outer shell on the part passed through the inner shell of the barrel garbage.

The device of the outer shell of the barrel dumping of brick and/or block-level elements, and/or solid materials, and/or small items will allow you to install them without heavy lifting equipment and to base it directly on the floor of a building or intermediate landings.

Mainly the execution of the outer shell of the material(s) that provide(s) the strength and rigidity of the barrel garbage and/or strength, rigidity and resistance of the inner shell, made of metal.

The outer shell may be made of any shape in horizontal section.

The outer shell 2 may be made around the perimeter of the inner shell 1 (Fig. 2).

The outer shell 2 may be performed on part of the perimeter of the inner shell 1, while the function of the missing part of the outer shell can execute the walls of Olney wall or partition of a building 3. The outer shell 2 is the remaining part of the perimeter of the inner shell 1.

In Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 the function of the missing part of the partition executes a wall or walls and/or partition(s) of the building 3. The barrel of the chute is thus at its location in the corner or near the corner of the room where it is installed. Walls and/or partitions of a building 3 can be of any shape and be of any angle. Preferably, the walls and/or partitions had a corner on the side of the chute is not more than 130o. The optimal angle is the angle 90o. The outer shell 2 is the remaining part of the perimeter of the inner shell 1.

In Fig. 6 the inner shell of the barrel of the chute 1 is located in a recess of the walls and/or walls of building 3, which perform the function of the missing part of the outer shell of the barrel garbage on most of the perimeter of the inner lining.

The cavity or cavities formed between the inner 1 and outer 2 shells stem chute filled with an incombustible filler 4. When filling cavities filler 4, he puts pressure on the shell. Because of this possible deformation of the inner shell 1. The cavity is filled with the 1 in cross-section in the area of the filler is not more than the amount equal to 1/10 of the inner diameter of the inner shell. The deformation of the inner shell may be a local - only in certain parts of the inner shell. When performing the inner shell of the barrel installed at each other shells deformation may occur with the change of the geometrical shape of at least one shell, on its part or on the entire shell. The deformation may be in the form of arching, dents. You can change the geometric dimensions of altering the shape of the inner shell in horizontal section.

The inner shell 1 is mainly so that in cross section has the shape of a circle with a diameter not less than 300 mm When filling the cavity or cavities between the shells filler may become in any part of the inner lining of the circle into an ellipse. However, changing the geometric dimensions should be no more than 1/10 the size of the inner diameter of the inner shell. Maximum possible deviation of the geometric dimensions of the inner shell should be such as to ensure the normal operation of the trunk of the chute and/or the passage of the brush Assembly cleaning mechanism mounted on the chute.

The cavity or cavities formed between the inner 1 and anticommunism solution and/or lightweight concrete. You can fill the cavity with cement or sand-cement mortar.

The cavity or cavities between the inner and outer shells can be filled with a filler, providing rigidity and/or fire and/or sound insulation of the inner shell and/or garbage.

The outer shell may be shaped so that it touches the inner shell at least at one point, in a horizontal cross section of the barrel garbage.

The thickness of the outer shell is from 1/5000 to 1/5 of the height between floors of the building and is determined depending on conditions pozharobezopastnosti, sound insulation and/or the rigidity of the barrel garbage.

1. The barrel of the chute multi-storey buildings, including non-combustible or fire-resistant, preferably sound-proof, outer shell and the inner metal shell with a wall thickness not less than 0.3 mm, wherein the outer shell is made of at least part of the perimeter of the inner shell, if possible, perform the function of the missing part of the perimeter of the outer shell wall or walls and/or partitions of a building, and/or building structure, with the formation of the cavity or cavities m the definition of the dimensions of the inner shell in cross-section in the area of the filler is not more than 1/10 of the inner diameter of the inner shell.

2. The barrel of the chute under item 1, characterized in that the inner metal shell is made of corrosion-resistant metal.

3. The barrel of the chute under item 1 or 2, characterized in that the inner metal shell covered with a layer at least on its inner surface with a corrosion-resistant coating.

4. The barrel of the chute according to any one of paragraphs. 1-3, characterized in that the metal shell consists of several installed at each other shells made in such a way that ensures the entrance of the lower part of the upper shell of each next upper shell at the bottom to a depth of 0.1 - 300 mm

5. The barrel of the chute according to any one of paragraphs. 1-3, characterized in that the metal shell consists of several installed at each other shells, each of which is made with beading at the top of the envelope bottom edge of the upper shell.

6. The barrel of the chute according to any one of paragraphs. 1-5, characterized in that the outer shell is placed between the floors of a building or between floor stairwell.

7. The barrel of the chute according to any one of paragraphs. 1-6, characterized in that the cavity or cavities formed between the inner and trichosis fact, that outer shell or its part is made of brick and/or block-level elements, and/or solid materials, and/or small items.

9. The barrel of the chute according to any one of paragraphs. 1-7, characterized in that the outer casing is made from a material that provides strength and rigidity of the chute.

10. The barrel of the chute according to any one of paragraphs. 1-9, characterized in that the thickness of the outer shell is equal to 1/5000 - 1/5 of the height between floors of the building.

11. The barrel of the chute according to any one of paragraphs. 1-10, characterized in that the cavity or cavities between the inner and outer shells filled with filler, providing rigidity, and/or fire and/or sound insulation of the inner shell, and/or the barrel garbage.

 

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