Shoes with high srivatanakul

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the design of the Shoe, Fig.1 shows a Shoe (10), providing increased protection from explosions explosives. In one embodiment, the Shoe has a sole (12), a top (11) and part (13) in the form of a cocoon, which mainly covers the foot. The cocoon can be made of fabric (21) of the aromatic polyamide and/or an additional layer of carbon fibers (22), and/or woven ceramic fibers, or ceramic/ceramic woven composite fibers. The sole may include layers of woven fibers of aromatic polyamide and carbon fibers and a deflector plate (23) to ensure the best protection. In an alternative embodiment, the cocoon can surround shoes and be a quickly installed and relatively inexpensive tool that allows you to increase the level of protection from explosions for the media. 2 C. and 23 C.p. f-crystals, 3 ill.

The present invention relates to the design of the shoes, in particular shoes, designed to protect the foot from severe damage arising from impact of bullets and explosions antipersonnel mines.

T a recognized and serious problem for any military, deployed on a conventional battlefield or involved in a guerrilla war.

The amount of explosives present in Mina, will determine what happens when a mine explosion - whether man that brought mine in action, crippled or killed. For those devices that are designed simply to cripple, protective footwear may play some role in reducing the likelihood of serious injury. These shoes may also play some role in reducing the damage caused by the shock wave of projectiles, such as bullets and shrapnel.

The author of the present invention has developed the shoes, in particular soles of shoes, which can protect the human foot, which led to the action antipersonnel mine, containing moderate amounts of explosives, and in this case, however, provide enough for media flexibility from toe to heel in the Shoe to allow the media to perform actions, such as running, jumping and climbing (see patent application Singapore N N 9500037-8 and 9501007-0). It would be desirable to have additional advanced shoes, which could protect the foot and lower leg (tibia) media from mines that have large quantities to vzryvchatosti shoes earlier designs.

From the United Kingdom patent 2264221 known amplifying the subject of shoes and boots for the feet of the media, with the sole and the upper, which sealed the specified reinforcing the subject.

The technical result of the present invention is the creation of a piece of footwear that minimize damage to the foot, caused by a shock wave shells, while ensuring sufficient for the media bending Shoe from toe to heel.

In accordance with the first aspect of the present invention is designed piece of footwear containing the cocoon of a blast-proof combat material having such a form that it essentially covers the Shoe, and the cocoon has the sole and the top and attached to the Shoe or foot of the carrier Shoe.

The sole of the cocoon may consist of rubber or polyurethane, and it is sealed, at least one additional layer of woven fibers of aromatic polyamide. The cocoon is preferably attached to the Shoe straps passing from cocoon around the upper part of the Shoe.

In accordance with the following aspect of the present invention is designed Shoe for the foot of the carrier, having a sole and an upper, the sole has at least one layer of dano the shoes so what it essentially covers the whole foot of the carrier Shoe.

In a preferred embodiment, the implementation of both aspects of the implementation of the cocoon contains at least one leaf blast-proof combat material. Blast-proof combat material may consist of a fabric of aromatic polyamide containing at least one layer of aromatic polyamide, at least 1000 decitex (for example, Twaron2010). It may consist of a fabric of aromatic polyamide 1200 dtex, such as Twaron2040, with a dense weave (with density) 460 g/m2. The cocoon may contain or include a layer of woven ceramic fibers or ceramic/ceramic woven composite fibers.

In the second embodiment, the cocoon is preferably given the shape of "knitted children's boots (booties), which may be terminated in the sole and the top of the Shoe.

Weave the fibers of aromatic polyamide forming the protective layer in the cocoon, can be included in a multilayer structure of layers including layers of woven ceramic fibers or from a separate ceramic/glass-ceramic composite woven fiber for dopolnyayuschikh fibers may form the outer layer of the cocoon.

The Shoe sole is preferably at least of the outer part and the intermediate part. The outer part of the foot may consist of rubber or polyurethane, molded to fit the requirements of the Shoe. Part of the cocoon, passing through the sole, preferably located between the outer part and at least one layer of a woven aromatic polyamide, embedded in the sole.

The intermediate part and/or the upper part preferably has multiple layers of woven aromatic polyamide, embedded in it. In one embodiment, the layers of woven aromatic polyamide may have a carbon graphite fiber or twisted with layers of aromatic polyamide, or located between these layers for additional hardening soles. In the preferred embodiment, there are 24 of the layer of fibers of aromatic polyamide, carbon, and ceramic woven fibers (for example, plain weave Toray/3HR, M60/M80 6K/12K TOW, the density of which varies from 300 g/m2to 600 g/m2).

The intermediate portion of the sole may also include a deflector plate that runs along podate and having located at an angle with the surface, designed to reject the impact of the explosion of the explosive away from the foot. Deflecting plate may consist of a composite material of the woven fibers of aromatic polyamide and carbon fibers embedded in the adhesive/polymer. The ratio of fibers of aromatic polyamide and carbon fibers in the composite material is preferably 50:50, with strands (beams) fibers approximately 85% are unidirectional along the axis of the Shoe, running from toe to heel.

The sole may include an upper portion that comes in contact with the foot of the carrier. The upper part can be made from the crushed aromatic polyamide and nylon fibreboard. In another embodiment, the upper part may contain at least four layers of woven aromatic polyamide, glued to the glue/polymer such as nylon.

The top of the Shoe is preferably made of leather and may be the outer layer of the skin and the inner layer of the vamp leather or cotton fabric, between which is part of the cocoon, passing through the top.

For holding layers, forming a cocoon, in a predetermined position of the optical polyamide. To ensure that the line will provide adequate strength in the intermediate part of the foot can be introduced additional layers of woven fibers of aromatic polyamide (such as Twaron2040). Preferably the layer of fibers of aromatic polyamide has a top and bottom, at least one layer of woven aromatic polyamide in the intermediate part, the additional layers are at least partially in the top of the Shoe.

The Shoe preferably given such a shape that it covers at least the ankle media, thereby allowing you to create some protection for the ankle (ankle joint) and the lower part of the leg.

The following describes preferred embodiments of the invention, given solely as an example and disclosure with reference to the accompanying drawings, where

in Fig. 1 shows a vertical cross section of a Shoe according to the present invention;

in Fig. 1A is a vertical cross-section of the cocoon, available in the Shoe depicted in Fig. 1;

in Fig. 2 is an enlarged and simplified cross-section area of the middle part of the Shoe along a line II-II to boot, the image is a, ambient shoes.

Shoes with signs of the preferred alternative implementation of the present invention, generally denoted by POS. 10 in Fig. 1 and 2. Shoe 10 has a top 11 of conventional form adapted for embracing at least the foot and ankle media, composite sole 12 and the cocoon of a blast-proof combat material 13 in the form of knitted children's boots (booties) (Fig. 1A).

As shown in Fig. 1 and 2, blast-proof combat the layers 18 and 19 can pass around the top 11 by incorporating layers 18 and 19 between the outer layer 25 of the skin and inner layer 26 vamp leather in the upper part of the top 11. These layers can be attached to the layers in the "penmachno" part using the appropriate seam 30.

Composite outsole contains polyurethane outer portion 14 of the sole having a tread portion 17, the intermediate portion 15 and the upper part 16.

Cocoon 13 consists of at least one layer of ceramic/ceramic woven multicomponent fibers forming the outer cocoon 19, and at least one layer of fabric 18 of the aromatic polyamide. Fabric 18 of the aromatic polyamide in this embodiment, contains at least one layer SUP>20410). Layers 18 and 19 cover the foot of the carrier Shoe 10 and after placement in the Shoe 10 are mounted in the upper portion 11 of the Shoe and between the outer part 14 of the sole and the intermediate part 15 soles.

To increase vzryvoustoichivost sole 12, intermediate portion 15 performs with many layers of woven fibers 21 of the aromatic polyamide and carbon fibers 22, sealed in polyurethane. The deflecting plate 23 also extends from the toe to the heel of the sole 12 and serves to harden the soles of 12. The deflecting plate 23 is located at an angle with the bottom surface 24, and the angle of inclination of the surface 24 is designed to reject the impact of the explosion of the explosive away from the foot of the carrier Shoe 10. The deflecting plate 23 is composed of a composite material composed of woven fibers of aromatic polyamide and carbon fibers in a ratio of 50:50 incorporated in the adhesive/polymer.

The top 11 of the Shoe is made of the outer layer 25 of the skin and inner layer 26 vamp leather. Cocoon 13 is held between the layers 25 and 26.

To hold the various layers together can be accomplished by stitching through the side of the Shoe, as shown on the drawings. Stachowiak) and/or a complex of the polyester. To increase the strength of the grinding of the weld in the intermediate part 15 soles introduced two additional layers 28 and 29 of the fibers of aromatic polyamide, which are in the top 11, as shown in Fig. 2.

Shoes with signs described above, will be effective in providing protection from landmine explosions, containing at least 60 grams and maybe 80 grams of compressed explosive mixture B.

An alternative embodiment of the invention depicted in Fig. 3. In this embodiment, conventional shoes 40, with the sole 46, is surrounded by an outer cocoon 41, in which is placed the Shoe 40. Cocoon 41 has the characteristics of cocoon 13, described above, except that the cocoon 41 is not installed inside the Shoe, and Shoe covers and is a quick install and relatively inexpensive tool that allows you to increase vzryvoustoichivost normal shoes. In the embodiment, cocoon, is shown in Fig. 3, the cocoon 41 has sole 42 and the top 43, and the top has an inner surface 47 and outer surface 48. Inside of the sole 42 and the top 43 are sealed, at least one layer of ceramic or glass-ceramic fibers 45 and fibers made of aromatic polyamide, preferably with four layers, together with polymers such as nylon and/or carbon fibers embedded in them. In the base 42 may also be included deflecting plate, as described above.

Cocoon 41 may be connected by a belt 49 to the Shoe 40, as shown in Fig. 3. Optionally, you can use an alternative means of fastening.

For specialists in this area it is obvious that can be done numerous variations and/or modifications of the invention, as shown in the specific embodiments, implementation, without departing from the idea or scope of the invention in a broad sense. Therefore, in this description of embodiments of should be considered in all respects as illustrative and non-limiting.

1. The subject of footwear, characterized in that it contains a cocoon of blast-proof combat material having such a form that it is mostly or completely surrounds the Shoe, and the cocoon has the sole and the top and attached to the Shoe or foot of the carrier Shoe.

2. The subject of shoes under item 1, characterized in that the blast-proof combat material contains fabric of aromatic polyamide containing at least one layer of aromatic polyamide, salonaho fiber.

3. The item of footwear according to any one of paragraphs.1 and 2, characterized in that the fibers of aromatic polyamide is included in a multilayer structure of layers of woven ceramic fibers or ceramic/ceramic woven composite fibers.

4. The item of footwear according to any one of paragraphs.1-3, characterized in that the outsole consists of rubber or polyurethane and sealed, at least one additional layer of woven fibers of aromatic polyamide.

5. The subject of shoes under item 4, characterized in that between the layers of woven fibers of aromatic polyamide posted by carbon graphite fiber.

6. The item of footwear according to any one of paragraphs.1-5, characterized in that the cocoon is attached to the Shoe straps passing between the cocoon and the boot.

7. Shoes for foot carrier having a sole and an upper, wherein the sole has at least one layer of woven aromatic polyamide, embedded in the sole, and a cocoon of blast-proof combat material built in to the Shoe in such a way that it is mostly or completely surrounds the foot of the carrier Shoe.

8. Shoes under item 7, characterized in that the cocoon contains at least one leaf blast-proof combat material is tives such as those what a blast-proof combat material consists of a fabric of aromatic polyamide containing at least one layer of aromatic polyamide, at least 1000 dtex.

10. Shoe according to any one of paragraphs.7-9, characterized in that the fibers of aromatic polyamide forming blast-proof combat material incorporated in a multilayer structure of layers of woven ceramic fibers or ceramic/ceramic woven composite fibers to improve the strength of the cocoon.

11. Shoe according to any one of paragraphs.7-10, characterized in that the outsole consists of the outer part and the intermediate part.

12. Shoes on p. 11, characterized in that the outer part of the sole is made of rubber or polyurethane.

13. Shoe according to any one of paragraphs.11 and 12, characterized in that cocoon passes through the sole between the outer part and at least one layer of a woven aromatic polyamide, embedded in the sole.

14. Shoe according to any one of paragraphs.11-13, characterized in that the intermediate and/or the upper part has multiple layers of woven aromatic polyamide, embedded in it.

15. Shoes under item 14, characterized in that between the layers of woven fibers of aromatic why outsole includes a deflector plate.

17. Shoes under item 16, characterized in that the deflector plate is in the intermediate part of the sole.

18. Shoes on PP.16 or 17, characterized in that the deflector plate has a first side directed to the outer part and having located at an angle with the surface to reject the impact of the explosion of the explosive away from the foot of media.

19. Shoe according to any one of paragraphs.16-18, characterized in that the deflecting plate comprises a composite material of the woven fibers of aromatic polyamide and carbon fibers embedded in the adhesive/polymer.

20. Shoes under item 19, characterized in that the ratio of the woven fibers of aromatic polyamide and carbon fibers is 50:50.

21. Shoe according to any one of paragraphs.7-20, characterized in that the top of the boot is made from the outer layer of the skin and the inner layer of the vamp leather or cotton fabric, between which is part of the cocoon, passing through the top of the boot.

22. Shoe according to any one of paragraphs.7-21, characterized in that the layers are held together by stitching.

23. Shoes on p. 22, characterized in that the grinding the seam is composed of woven strands of aromatic poly the two additional layers of woven fibers of aromatic polyamide, passing at least partially in the top of the Shoe.

25. Shoes on p. 23, characterized in that one layer of fibers woven aromatic polyamide is located above at least one layer of woven aromatic polyamide, available in the intermediate part of the bottom, and one layer is located below the at least one layer of woven aromatic polyamide.

 

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SUBSTANCE: apparatus has upper portion provided with shoe top part and sole provided with at least mid portion, lower portion and lower sole layer. Lower layer of mid portion of sole and lower layer of sole have random convex or arched shape or shape of segment of circle.

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21 cl, 14 dwg

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