Technical channel, intended, in particular, for equipment of medical institutions

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to technical channels used in some specialized areas to accommodate various functional blocks. Technical channel formed by the profiled elements that define some of the Central longitudinal compartment and at least one side compartment. In accordance with the invention, this technical channel includes in combination, on the one hand, at least one solid profiled element, which passes through the entire length of this channel and which participates in the formation of the Central compartment, and, on the other hand, the individual profiled elements that are attached at some distance from each other of the said solid shaped element and which participate in the formation of one or more side compartments. The technical result of the invention is to simplify the installation of the technical channel. 23 C.p. f-crystals, 14 ill.

The present invention relates in General channels, usually called technical and used in some specialized facilities for the placement and obsessione channels, intended for equipment of medical institutions.

From a functional point of view and in accordance with the originally formulated the requirements of technical channels of this type must unite, for example, different lighting units, such as unit General lighting and/or unit of local lighting for reading, various electrical units, such as, for example, a block containing an electrical outlet and/or outlet for the manipulator and/or the telephone Jack, and/or warning lights and buttons circuits alarm, and, very often, at least one connection unit to the piping of the circulation of the different medical fluid environments.

Such technical channel is usually fixed on the wall, usually in a horizontal position and is formed of profiled elements.

Thus, this channel can be continuously held at a greater or smaller distance, for example from one to the other of the two walls of the space, perpendicular to the wall, on which is mounted the channel, or Vice versa, forming an isolated pad on a wall.

Profiled elements forming a technical channel, fo the Central compartment (see the UK patent N A, 1986).

Mentioned longitudinal compartments technical channel are formed to allow adequate separation between electric wires respectively high and low voltage power circuits, or between the electric wires and pipes intended for the circulation of medical fluid.

One of the difficulties that must be overcome in implementing these technical channels, is the need to locate in certain places corresponding cutouts in said profiled elements to ensure a local supply of those or other electrical wires or those or other pipelines or message from one compartment to another, or for messages of this section or those of the accepted technical data channel functional blocks.

Passing in the transverse direction, these technological notch violate natural extension used profiled elements, which are usually manufactured by extrusion.

In practice, such a cut in the profiled elements are in place by slitting the material of this profilirovannogo the result of the present invention is to simplify installation of technical channels and reduce costs for its implementation.

This technical result is achieved in that technical channel, intended, in particular, for equipment of medical institutions and formed by profiled elements formed in the longitudinal direction next to each other at least two compartments and one Central compartment and one side compartment, according to the invention contains at least one solid profiled element, which is continuous throughout its length and forming a supporting base for the Central compartment, and at least two separate profiled element, fixed to a solid profiled element along one of the longitudinal edges of this solid profiled element, representing one and the same cross-sectional profile and each having two wings, namely the inner wing, located at the solid side of the profiled element, and the outer wing, located on the opposite side, and in the interaction, for the Central compartment, with means of closing inserted between the inner wing of the individual profiled elements of the lateral compartment and the other of the longitudinal edges of the continuous profiled element forming together with these oldewage compartment, with at least one closing element attached to said wings separate profiled elements of the lateral compartment, passing from one to another of these wings and forming together with wings and a side compartment.

Briefly, in accordance with the invention are connected to each other continuous profiled elements and separate profiled elements, i.e. not continuous across the channel or discrete profiled elements.

Thus, it becomes possible to use intervals that can be formed between the individual shaped elements in order to provide any necessary communication between the various compartments of this technical channel or between these compartments and the different functional blocks without having to touch this one or more solid profiled elements used in the construction of this channel.

Design features technical channel in accordance with the invention provide ease of implementation and ease of installation on site use.

Along each longitudinal edge of the continuous profile is the R elements of the lateral compartment. The groove may be inclined at an angle of 45orelative to the General plane of the continuous profiled element.

Solid profiled element may have the speaker on its inner surface in the Central zone of the element stiffness, with a T-shaped cross-section.

Two lateral wing element stiffness can be separated from each other by a groove.

At least in its Central zone a continuous profiled element may have a concave towards its outer surface a groove which is located at least one protruding element stiffness made with the possibility of engagement with the bracket.

Solid profiled element can contain made excavation two protruding element stiffness, one of which is a simple inclined plate, and the other has the shape of a hook.

The outer wing of the individual profiled elements may be essentially flat and goes in the direction of arrangement of the General plane of the solid profiled element.

The internal wing of the individual profiled elements may be curved, with the concavity of e is e shaped elements can contain high court, inclined relative to a common plane solid profiled element exposed on the outer surface of this middle platform element stiffness made with the possibility of latching on solid profiled element. When this individual profiled elements can contain on the inner surface of its front grounds groove.

On the inner surface of the wings separate profiled elements can be stiffening.

On the outer surface of the inner wing of the individual profiled elements can be located at a distance from each other of at least two protruding element stiffness adapted to allow the installation of a partition in the Central compartment.

The outer wing of the individual profiled elements can contain along its free edge thickening or discharge, essentially round cross section, and by means of a groove having a corresponding cross-section corresponding to the element the closure is able to snap into place with a twist on the above-mentioned thickening.

Thus, the said closing element can be installed like the fact facilitates obtaining mentioned access.

Element closing the side cover may also be configured to lock it into place on the inner wing of the individual profiled elements along the free edge of this wing.

One of the profiled elements can be fitted inside at least one holder, passing transversely in relation to this individual profiled element.

For its mount holder can be performed in engagement with at least one element stiffness separate profiled element.

The holder may have at its edge, at least one protruding elastically deformable claw, adapted for coupling with an element of rigidity of the individual profiled element.

The holder may include at least one side of the foot to secure it on the middle ground of the individual profiled element.

The means of closing the Central compartment can contain along the longitudinal edges of the continuous profiled element, the opposite lateral compartment, at least two separate profiled element forming the second side compartment, and at least one closing element, stable what elements of the second side compartment and attached to the inner wings of these individual profiled elements. Two side compartments can be made symmetrical to each other.

Thus, technical channel can have a longitudinal plane of symmetry, which improves its aesthetic characteristics.

Along at least one of the longitudinal edges of the element the closure of the Central compartment can be installed bracelet overlap, passing transversely of the item close to closing the nearest side of the Bay.

Technical channel can be adapted to be used in isolation and is positioned horizontally.

To transfer the at least one electrical unit to the technical channel can be connected, forming a T-shaped structure, technical support channel of the same type, passing vertically and reported his inner volume of the inner volume of the main technical channel.

Thus, at least some of the functional blocks, for example, some electric units can move, bringing them directly to the places of use, in particular to the head of the bed, if we are talking about the hospital.

Other characteristics and advantages of the proposed image is key shown in Appendix figures among them:

- Fig. 1 is a partial schematic front view technical channel in accordance with the proposed invention, which is shown in a closed configuration and is attached to the auxiliary vertical channel;

- Fig. 2 is a partial schematic view in perspective of the mentioned technical channel, in accordance with the invention, shown in an open configuration;

- Fig. 3 is a schematic fork in enlarged scale along the line III-III shown in Fig. 1, the end of this technical channel, shown in this case empty;

- Fig. 4, 5 and 6 are schematic views in an even more enlarged scale plots of the technical channel, generally shown in Fig. 3, indicated by squares, IV, V and VI in this Fig. 3;

- Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the cross-section of technical channel on an enlarged scale, similar to the view of Fig. 3, but showing the introduction of various equipment in the channel;

- Fig. 8 is a schematic view in cross section of the channel shown in Fig. 7, and refers to the basis used in the technical channel in Kootenai, similar to the view of Fig. 7, but related to other parts of the technical equipment of the channel in accordance with the invention;

- Fig. 11 is a schematic partial view in cross-section, which is similar to the kind shown in Fig. 3 and illustrates the possibility of introducing in this technical channel other internal equipment;

- Fig. 12 is a schematic partial view in section along the line XII-XII shown in Fig. 1, illustrating another way of introducing the above-mentioned equipment;

- Fig. 13 is a schematic view in section along the line XIII-XIII shown in Fig. 1, illustrating the auxiliary channel associated with the main technical channel in accordance with the proposed invention,

- Fig. 14 is a schematic view similar to the view shown in Fig. 1, and related to the use of this auxiliary channel as a local light source in the form of a bra.

In that implementation, which is schematically shown in Fig. 1, technical channel 10 in accordance with the proposed invention is horizontally mounted on a wall 11 of the premises of a medical institution and passes nepreryvnaya 13.

As shown in Fig. 1, technical channel 10 may have at some distance from the wall 12 and the free end, which in this case, the closed end fitting 15.

As a variant implementation of the technical channel 10 can pass continuously from one wall 12 to the other parallel wall installation casing 13 overlap at each end was kakala.

Generally speaking, technical channel 10 in accordance with the invention are known in principle, the image formed by some of the profiled elements defining in the longitudinal direction which are located next to each other, as clearly seen in Fig. 2 and 3, at least two compartments 16 and 17, namely the compartment 16, referred to here simply for the convenience of the Central compartment, and the compartment 17, referred to here simply for convenience lateral compartment.

In compliance with the proposed invention technical channel 10 contains for this purpose in combination, on the one hand, to the Central compartment 16 at least one solid or continuous profiled element 18, which passes through its entire length, and which forms a bearing surface for the Central compartment 16, and on the other hand, for lateral compartment 17, the isolation element 18 along one ive longitudinal edges of this element in some, perhaps zero distance from each other, and which, having the same cross-sectional profile, each represent two wings 22 and 23, namely the inner wing 22, which are located side-mentioned solid profiled element 18, and the outer wing 23 located on the opposite side, and in cooperation with, for the Central compartment 16 and in accordance with the technical solutions described in more detail below, by means of the closure 24, which, being inserted between the wing 22 individual shaped elements 20 of the lateral compartment 17 and the other of the longitudinal edges of the continuous profiled element 18, determine along with these individual shaped elements 20 and this solid profiled element 18 and the above-mentioned compartment 16, and the lateral compartment 17 at least one closing element 25, which, being attached to the wings 22 and 23 individual shaped elements 20 of the lateral compartment 17, from one to another of these wings 22, 23, limits together with the wings 22 and 23 mentioned lateral compartment 17.

In practice, in this variant implementation of the invention means the closure 24 of the Central compartment 16 contains, with the ku 17, at least two youngest individual profiled element 20, which define the second side compartment 17, and, on the other hand, at least one closing element 26, which, being inserted between the individual shaped elements 20 of the first side compartment 17 and a separate profiled elements 20 of the second side compartment 17, is fixed on the inner wings 22 of these individual shaped elements 20.

In this variant implementation of the invention the two side compartments 17 are of identical cross-sectional profiles and, more generally, these side compartments symmetrical relative to each other.

Technical channel 10 in accordance with the invention is, therefore, in the present embodiment, the implementation of some of the longitudinal plane of symmetry P.

This longitudinal symmetry plane are schematically represented in phantom line P in Fig. 3.

At least in its Central zone mentioned solid profiled element 18 forms a concave towards its outer surface in the recess 27 and the recess 27 has at least one protruding element stiffness 28, 29, which may cross-section in the form of a trapezoid, and in this recess a solid shaped element 18 has two protruding element stiffness 28, 29. One of these elements 28 formed simply inclined plate, which is generally in a downward direction. Another element stiffness 29 has an overall view of the hook and also passes in a downward direction.

However, the bracket 30 has a flat part 31 by means of which it may be secured to the wall 11 by, for example, screwed on, and the two tabs 32, 33, parallel to each other and located along the longitudinal edges of this flat part or plate 31, and these legs are inclined generally in the upward direction. For these tabs engage the top respectively the above-mentioned stiffening elements 28 and 29 solid profiled element 18.

Of course, in different places of the wall there is more than one of such brackets 30, which are located along a line passing through this channel, and to these brackets hinged solid profiled element 18, which in turn serves as a support for all technical channel 10.

Along each of its longitudinal edges of the continuous profiled element 18 includes a groove 35, capable of snapping a separate profiled elements 20 of the side compartments 17.

In this embodiment, the implementation of the SCE profiled element 18.

He is certain the two wings 36, each of which has a rounded thickening or flange 37 along its free edge, as shown schematically in Fig. 6.

In this variant implementation of the invention is a continuous profiled element 18 is finally on its inner surface in its middle area of the protruding element stiffness 38 T-shaped cross-section.

This protruding element stiffness 38 preferred way is able to perform various functions.

Indeed, besides the fact that this element increases rigidity and is more heat diffuser, it can serve as a support for the various equipment, and this equipment can be fixed on the rack 39 of this element and its lateral wings 40.

For example, as used in this technical channel of the electric wire can freely lie on located in the working position horizontal rack 39.

Alternatively, the side wings 40 of the element stiffness can be located and other equipment, about which more will be said below.

In predstoyaschey later, two side wings 40 of the element stiffness 38 are separated from each other by the groove 42, which in practice is hidden under the guise of local bifurcations of the corresponding free end of the bar 39 of the above-mentioned element stiffness.

Individual shaped elements 20 as one and another of the side compartments 17 are of different length, which depends, in particular, the size in the longitudinal direction of the space occupied by the various functional blocks, to accommodate which they may serve, however, all these individual shaped elements 20 have the same cross-sectional profile.

In this form of realization of the invention the outer wings 23 of these individual shaped elements 20 are generally flat and lie along the General direction of plane solid profiled element 18.

However, inner wings 22 of these individual shaped elements 20 in this variant implementation of the invention generally have a curved shape, the concavity of which is turned towards the inside of the corresponding side of the compartment 17.

More specifically, as presented here, Varian, is it the space 43, which is perpendicular to the General plane of the continuous profiled element 18, and two sites 44 and 45, which are both inclined with respect to the above-mentioned space 43, and the space 44 is directly adjacent to the space 43, forming with it some first dihedral angle, and the next space 45 forms with it some second dihedral angle whose magnitude is less than the value of the first dihedral angle.

Thus, the internal volume of the Central compartment 16 in a certain way expands to the exit.

In connection node of its wings 22 and 23 individual shaped elements 20 include the middle pad 46 that is positioned inclined with respect to the General plane of the continuous profiled element 18. This middle ground 46 with its outer side and in its Central zone is made an element of rigidity 48, which may be clicks into place in the corresponding connection node located on a continuous profiled element 18.

For this purpose, as shown schematically in Fig. 6, the said element stiffness 48 has at its base two grooves 49, which have a rounded cross-sectional profile for about what about the groove 35 a continuous profiled element 18 and before at least one of which is designed to facilitate the above-mentioned snap chamfer 50.

For reasons that will be explained later, the individual profiled elements 20 provided on the inner surface of the middle platform 46 in its Central zone of the groove 52, which in practice deepens inside the mentioned element stiffness 48.

On the inner surface of the wings 22 and 23 individual shaped elements 20 in this implementation performed various protruding stiffening elements, the purpose of which will be explained later.

Thus, more specifically, in this implementation of the present invention includes: an element of rigidity 54, which acts on the above average area 46 is perpendicular to the plane between the groove 52 in this middle ground 46 and outer wing 23, the element stiffness 55, which acts on the inner wing 22 near its free edge and which runs perpendicular to the General plane of the continuous profiled element 18, and the element stiffness 56, which acts on the outer wing 23 near its free edge and which forms a generally slight dihedral angle, the concavity of which is turned towards the inner wing 22.

The element stiffness 57, which passes next to the said middle platform 46, forms a generally slight dihedral angle, in the preferred embodiment, the implementation of which is direct, and, therefore, the element stiffness forms with the inner wing 22, from which this element is, a kind of pocket 61, the concavity of which is turned in the direction opposite to the solid profiled element 18, and which can be inserted into the corresponding longitudinal edge of the above-mentioned used if necessary partitions 60.

The element stiffness 58 passes, speaking, on a bend 62 of the inner wing 22, which acts in the outward direction and runs along the free edge of this wing, as shown schematically in Fig. 3 and 5, and the element stiffness 58 forms with this wing, 22 pocket 63, the concavity of which is generally facing in the direction of the solid profiled element 18 and which can be inserted into the corresponding longitudinal edge of upomjanutj hardness 58 also forms a slight dihedral angle, the concavity of which is turned in the direction of the wing 22.

In this embodiment, the technical implementation of the channel outer wing 23 separate profiled element 20 has along its free edge thickening or flange 64 in a generally round cross-section, as is schematically shown in Fig. 3 and 4, and by means of the groove 65 having a corresponding cross-section, the closing element 25 that is associated with the corresponding lateral compartment 17, is latched by turning on this thickening or flange 64, forming the likeness of the swivel.

To reduce the weight of the structure mentioned thickening or flange 64 are cut in the form of slits 67, the output of which is directed towards the outer surface of this outer wing 23.

In this embodiment, the technical implementation of channel closing element 25 of the side compartments 17 are also secured by latching on the inner wing 22 individual shaped elements 20 along the free edge of this wing, as shown schematically in Fig. 3 and 5.

For this purpose, on the one hand, the internal wing 22 individual profiled element 20 has protruding on the inner surfaces of the element ill the th element of the closure 25 has a speaker on its inner surface near its respective longitudinal edge of the element stiffness 69, which has a local bending in the form of a half-wave 70, by means of which it can elastically to engage with the above-mentioned element stiffness 68.

To reinforce the above-mentioned element stiffness 69 closing element 25 of the inner wing 22 individual profiled element 20 has located V-shape in the element stiffness 68 another element stiffness 71, which is usually at the bend 62 of the inner wing 22 from the side opposite to the element stiffness 58.

In this embodiment, the technical implementation of the channel in accordance with the invention, the closing element 25 of the side compartments 17 has a slightly curved shape and element stiffness 69 it is a small extension 72.

This closing element 25 may be made of one or another opaque material, such as plastic or aluminum, and in this case it forms just a decorative cap.

Alternatively, the implementation of the said closing element 25 can be made translucent. In this case, the closing element is made, for example, polycarbonate and serves as a light diffuser, when, how about this more.

In all cases, the implementation of the length of the closing element 25 is not associated binding with lengths of profiled elements 20.

In particular, in the case when the closing element performs the role of protective and decorative cap, he may, if necessary, to closely pass through the entire length of this technical channel 10.

Also, in all cases the implementation and, as shown schematically by the dotted line and using the arrow F in Fig. 3, the said closing element 25 of the side compartments 17 can be opened on type cap with hinge, thus providing access to these side compartments 17 without removing this element.

The closing element 26 of the Central compartment 16 in this implementation technical channel in accordance with the invention also has a slightly curved shape and it can also, if necessary, to pass without gaps along the entire length of this technical channel 10.

In this embodiment, the implementation of this element of the closure 26 is latched along each of its longitudinal edges on the inner wings 22 individual shaped elements 20 of the side compartments 17 in their curves 62.

In accordance with this element stiffness 74 in the direction of the inside is the tongue 75, intended to come into focus in the free end of the bend 62 of the inner wings 22 individual shaped elements 20.

In this embodiment, the technical implementation of the channel in accordance with the invention along at least one of the longitudinal edges of the elements mentioned, the closure 26 of the Central compartment 16, and usually along each of the said longitudinal edges is set bracelet overlap 76, which runs in the transverse direction from this element of the closure 26 to the closing element 25 nearest the side of the compartment 17.

For this purpose each of the longitudinal edges of the elements mentioned, the closure 26 has on its inner surface, the protrusion 77 and forms a protruding on the outer surface of the hook 78 that is designed to place the appropriate bracelet overlap 76.

In this embodiment, the implementation of technical channel hooks 78, protruding towards the closing element 26 may also be used for sect to be applied decorative coating, or which itself can serve as a decorative element of this was technical kakala.

And, finally, in this embodiment, the technical implementation of the channel in accordance with the invention, the closing element 26 of the Central compartment 16, it is assumed made of metal, with the closing element has a speaker on its inner surface in its Central zone of the element stiffness 80 designed if necessary for grounding the mentioned element is closed.

As mentioned above, the closing element 26, and bracelets overlap 76 and the decorative plate 79 may in a preferred embodiment, the implementation to be inextricably along the entire length of this technical channel 10.

Built so technical channel 10 is able to provide the possibility of using a number of functional blocks.

First of all, in this case we are talking about one or more lighting units 82, schematically and in different species is shown in Fig. 2 and 7.

Typically, one or more lighting units 82 are installed in the upper or in the lower side compartments 17 of this channel 10.

For example, as shown in Appendix figures, such a lighting unit 82 may contain one or two tubular fluorescent lamps 83.

For fixing these fluorescent lamps 83 one of the individual profiled elements 20 corresponding length fitted inside at least one holder 84, which runs in the transverse direction from one to another of his wings 22, 23.

As a rule, requires the presence of not one but two holders 84 arranged parallel to each other at a certain distance from one another, each of these holders is placed near the corresponding end of the individual profiled element 20.

To mount this holder 84 engages with at least one of the stiffeners 54, 55, 56 of the individual profiled element 20.

In this embodiment, the implementation of the said holder 84 has a thrust on the part of at least one elastically deformable tab 86.

In practice, this is the tab 86, with which he grips the element stiffness 55 corresponding individual profiled element 20 and the presser foot 87, by which he simply relies on the wing 22 separate profiled element 20.

In this embodiment, the implement holder 84 has, in addition, the speaker on the edge of the tongue 88, with which he caught the element stiffness 56 of the respective individual profiled element 20.

And, finally, in this implementation the holder 84 includes at least one lateral leg 89, by which, if necessary, it can be attached to a Central landing 46 separate profiled element 20.

In practice, the holder 84 is usually in the longitudinal direction on the two tabs 89, each for passage of a fastening means, such as screws, has a hole 90 corresponding to the groove or the groove 52 of the secondary platform 46 separate profiled element 20, and by means of which the holder rests on the element stiffness 54 this middle ground 46.

The above-mentioned hole 90 in the preferred embodiment, the implementation may represent prestonia to provide engagement with an element of rigidity 52 average pad 46 of the respective individual profiled element 20.

In this embodiment, the implementation of the said holder 84 includes a plate 91 (Fig. 3), which in its peripheral part is bordered by the protrusion 92 that are elastically deformable tabs 86, 87 and the tongue 88 and that by using the design 93, reinforced by stiffeners 94, is connected with the tabs 89.

Mentioned plate 91 is in different places a lot of holes 95, designed for pre-positioning of various equipment installed in this technical channel, such as end caps or cartridges for electric lamps 96 required for fixing the fluorescent lamps 83 and starters 97, associated with each of these fluorescent lamps or fluorescent SWAT 83.

The above-mentioned protrusion 92 is held perpendicular to the plate 91 on either side of it.

The same thing applies to the elastically deformable pads 86 and 87, as well as to the tongue 88.

In this implementation, the holder 84 is a single item and this item is manufactured, for example, from a synthetic material such as nylon or other similar material.

In varyap, associated with the above-mentioned fluorescent lamps 83, located in the Central compartment 16, and these actuators are attached to the side wings 40 of the reinforcing element 38 solid profiled element 18.

For example, as clearly seen in Fig. 7, each of these ballast resistors or actuator 98 is installed with spacers 99, which by means not shown on the above figure, the screw is fixed on said element stiffening or reinforcing element 38 using the above-mentioned groove or grooves between the side wings 40.

Thus, being located in a compartment other than the compartment in which are mentioned fluorescent lamp 83, these ballast resistor or actuators, which are inherently sources of thermal energy, serve these fluorescent lamps 83 and allow you to access them without any risk of direct contact with these ballast resistors or starters.

Thus, as clearly seen in Fig. 2 and 9, other equipment, such as junction connecting element 100, the power supply terminals 101 for low-voltage circuits and terminals 102 Delta 18 with the use of side wings 40 of this reinforcing element or element stiffness 38.

So, for example, as shown for one of the mentioned elements in Fig. 9, or other equipment, individually or grouped in a certain way, is placed on the supporting Board 103, and the fee is fixed, for example, by latching on a special bracket 104, which can also be fixed by latching on said lateral wings 40 of the element stiffness 38.

One or the other side compartment 17 can also be used to accommodate any electrical unit 105. Usually we are talking about the lower side compartment 17, as schematically shown by the dotted line in Fig. 1 and in more detail and fully solid line in Fig. 10.

This electric unit may contain, for example, one or more blocks 105 type electrical outlets, telephone outlets, switches for various purposes, buttons and lamps alarm systems, etc.

A review of this electric unit 105 corresponding closing element 25 is locally replaced by one or the other of the front panel 106, which, as this element is closed, the hinge is fixed with one hand on the shoulder or thickening 64 of the outer wing 23 of the corresponding individual profiled the plate 107, duplicate to this end, the element stiffness 74 on the corresponding side of the closing element 25 in parallel to this element stiffness 74 and at some distance from him.

As shown schematically by the dotted line in Fig. 1 and in more detail by solid lines in Fig. 11, the Central compartment 16 technical channel 10 in accordance with the invention can also be used to accommodate the coupling block 108 for medical fluid.

For example, as shown in Appendix figures corresponding fittings 109 (Fig. 2), each of which is individually protected with cover 110 (Fig. 11), are on the surface of the front panel 111, which locally replaces the item closed 26 of the Central compartment 16 and the front panel 111, as mentioned panel or element of the closure, snaps on the curve 62 of the inner wings 22 individual shaped elements 20 of the side compartments 17.

In this implementation, the housing 112 of this fitting 109 is mounted on the bracket 113, which is in accordance with the terms of the same type as described above, suitably secured to the element stiffness 38 solid, pain 114 cantilever type, with periodically mounted bracket 115 in the form of a lyre, designed for fastening local snap piping 116, which circulate relevant medical fluids.

In the preferred implementation, as shown schematically in Fig. 7, the above mentioned pipelines 116 at least locally isolated from the rest of the internal volume of the Central compartment 16 by the partition 60.

These partitions 60 different lengths can be different as shown in the figures, to be overlapping their ends to provide full continuity.

In a preferred embodiment, the implementation of these walls protect the piping 116 circulation of medical fluid from thermal radiation coming from the ballast resistance or starters fluorescent lamps 98.

As shown in phantom lines in Fig. 7, similar to the partitions 60' can also be used on the lower surface of the inner wing 22 individual shaped elements 20 of the other side of the compartment 17 for insulation and protection when necessary electrical wires for various purposes, not shown in Fig. 7.

bathing only in the horizontal plane, as already mentioned above.

However, in the use case, schematically shown in Fig. 1 through 12, that main horizontal technical channel is attached, forming a T-shaped structure, technical support channel 118 of the same type, which is held vertically and the inner volume of which communicates with the internal volume of the main technical channel.

In addition, in this embodiment, the technical implementation of the channel in accordance with the invention is in the area of connection of the main channel 10 and the auxiliary channel 118 is set, as an example of possible technical solutions, block fittings 108, intended for connection to the piping of the circulation of medical fluid.

For this purpose it is envisaged bracket 119 (Fig. 12) on which are placed hull fittings 112 109 and which is attached to the wall 11, for example, by screwing.

The bezel 111', not on the element stiffness 68 internal wing 22 individual profiled element 20 corresponding side cover and fasten at the same time using the above-mentioned bracket 119, forms, anal 118.

Thus, as clearly seen in Fig. 13, this technical support channel 118 has a structure containing a Central compartment 16 and two side compartments 17, that is similar in design to the main technical channel 10.

In particular, in the design supporting technical channel uses the same individual shaped elements 20, as in the construction of the main channel.

However, continuous profiled element 18' technical support channel 118 has a width somewhat smaller than the width of the continuous profiled element 18 technical channel 10, and it is devoid of notches on his back.

However, the Central compartment 16 of this technical support channel 118 and itself has a slightly smaller width, and hence the smaller the width of the element in the closure 26.

In other respects, however, the details of construction and relative arrangement of the various elements, as well as the use of technical solutions that can be fully identical to that described in detail above in relation to the basic technical channel 10.

In practice, for secure attachment of the mentioned auxiliary t is 12, to the appropriate individual profiled element 20 of the basic technical channel 10 due to the element stiffness 56 of the outer wing 23 separate profiled element 20, and on the other hand, it is secured in several places by the fixture to the wall 11, and the fastening screws or screws pass through the holes, which are made for this purpose along the continuous profiled element 18' of this technical support channel, but not are given in the Appendix figures.

As can be seen in the Appendix Fig. 1, referred to technical support channel 118 in the preferred implementation allows local transfer at least some of the electrical units 105.

As schematically shown in phantom line in this Fig. 1, this technical support channel is ready in a preferred implementation for installation on one or more shelves 123 at the required height.

For example, as shown in Fig. 1 mentioned shelf 123 may be installed at the base of the supporting technical channel 118 or in the middle of its height.

As for the main tehnoredactare implementation can be, if necessary, are located at some non-zero distance from each other without, however, breaks the continuity of the elements of the closure 25 and 26, that is completely invisible when viewed from the outside.

As schematically shown in Fig. 2, these individual shaped elements 20 define between themselves in a preferred embodiment, the implementation of some intervals of 125, which provide communication between the Central compartment 16 and one or another of the side compartments 17 and at least one of which also provides communication between the main technical channel 10 and technical support channel 118.

These intervals 125 provide, therefore, the passing of various electric wires, not shown in the Appendix figures that are laid, as was mentioned previously, the rack 39 of the element stiffness 38 solid profiled element 18 of the Central compartment 16 technical channel 10 and are necessary for maintenance of the lighting units 82 and electrical blocks 105 placed in the side compartments 17 of the channel.

In the case when the quality of these wires are pre-fitted electrical cable of a certain length, the ends of which are already connected to the contact pads of elektricheskaya individual shaped elements 20 of the side compartments 17 can also be stacked loops in these side compartments, if necessary, the excess length of these cables.

In addition, the piping 116, intended for circulation medical fluid may, if necessary, to go through these intervals 125, which allows to simplify and make more convenient installation.

In particular, in the use case technical channel in accordance with the invention, schematically shown in Fig. 2, these pipes 116 are of a technical channel 10 to the block fittings connect to highways medical fluid 108 located below mentioned channel through this interval 125.

Needless to say that in this case the individual shaped elements 20, or at least some of them can be tightly attached to each other. In this case, the distance that separates them, is zero.

At the same time, including implementation and use of technical channel in accordance with the proposed invention, which is schematically shown in Fig. 14, technical support channel 118, which is also a channel in accordance with this invention to the extent that it reproduces the design of the main channel 10, is used separately as redlagaemoe the invention is not limited to those forms of implementation and practical use, which were described above and are given in Appendix figures, but covers all other options.

In particular, technical channel in accordance with the invention may contain only one of the lateral compartment.

In this case, the means of closing the Central compartment from the side opposite the one side compartment, can use any wing, which may, for example, be integrated with a continuous profiled element forming the basis of this Central compartment, or may also be integrated with the above-described element closing, making a right angle with this solid profiled element or that element of the closure, but which may also be distributed between the two elements or to submit an item other than the above elements.

At the same time, instead of to be equipped with fluorescent lamps in the form of tubes, one or another unit of the lighting used in this technical channel, may as well be equipped with one or more incandescent lamps.

1. Technical channel, intended, in particular, napravlenii next to each other, at least two compartments, namely, a Central compartment and one side compartment, characterized in that the technical channel contains at least one solid profiled element, which is continuous throughout its length and forming a supporting base for the Central compartment, and at least two separate profiled element, fixed to a solid profiled element along one of the longitudinal edges of this solid profiled element representing the same cross-sectional profile and having, each, two wings, namely, inner wing, located by a continuous profiled element, and the outer wing, located on the opposite side, and in the interaction, for the Central compartment, with means of closing inserted between the inner wing of the individual profiled elements of the lateral compartment and the other of the longitudinal edges of the continuous profiled element forming together with these individual profiled elements and this solid profiled element of the Central compartment, and side compartment with at least one closing element attached to said wings separate profiled the lateral compartment.

2. Technical channel under item 1, characterized in that along each longitudinal edge of a continuous profiled element includes a groove adapted to engage respective individual profiled elements of the lateral compartment.

3. Technical channel under item 2, characterized in that the groove is inclined at an angle of 45 with respect to the common plane of the continuous profiled element.

4. Technical channel according to any one of paragraphs. 1 to 3, characterized in that the solid profiled element has the speaker on its inner surface in the Central zone of the element stiffness, with a T-shaped cross-section.

5. Technical channel under item 4, characterized in that two lateral wing element stiffness separated from each other by a groove.

6. Technical channel according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 5, characterized in that, at least in its Central zone a continuous profiled element has a concave towards its outer surface a recess in which is located, at least one protruding element stiffness made with the possibility of engagement with the bracket.

7. Technical channel under item 6, characterized in that the solid profiled element contains you the ing plate, and the other has the shape of a hook.

8. Technical channel according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 7, characterized in that the outer wing of the individual profiled elements is essentially flat and goes in the direction of arrangement of the General plane of the solid profiled element.

9. Technical channel according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 8, characterized in that the internal wing of the individual profiled elements made curved, with the concavity of the inner wing side facing the inside of the compartment.

10. Technical channel according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 9, characterized in that the connection node of its wings separate profiled elements include the middle ground, tilted with respect to the General plane of the continuous profiled element exposed on the outer surface of this middle platform element stiffness made with the possibility of latching on solid profiled element.

11. Technical channel under item 10, characterized in that the individual profiled elements contain on the inner surface of its secondary sites notch.

12. Technical channel according to any one of paragraphs.1 - 11, characterized in that on the inner surface of the wings separate p from PP.1 - 12, characterized in that on the outer surface of the inner wing of the individual profiled elements are located at a distance from each other, at least two of the protruding element stiffness adapted to allow the installation of a partition in the Central compartment.

14. Technical channel according to any one of paragraphs.1 - 13, characterized in that the outer wing of the individual profiled elements contains along its free edge thickening or discharge, essentially round cross section, and by means of a groove having a corresponding cross-section corresponding to the element the closure is able to snap into place with a twist on the above-mentioned thickening.

15. Technical channel under item 14, characterized in that the closing element side compartment is also designed to snap into place on the inner wing of the individual profiled elements along the free edge of this wing.

16. Technical channel according to any one of paragraphs.1 - 15, characterized in that one of the profiled elements fitted inside at least one holder, passing transversely in relation to this individual profiled element.

17. Technical channel on p. 12 or the volume stiffness of the individual profiled element.

18. Technical channel under item 17, characterized in that the holder has on its edge, at least one protruding elastic deformable claw, adapted for coupling with an element of rigidity of the individual profiled element.

19. Technical channel on p. 11 or 16, characterized in that the holder includes at least one side of the foot to secure it on the middle ground of the individual profiled element.

20. Technical channel according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 19, characterized in that the means of closing the Central compartment contains along the longitudinal edges of the continuous profiled element, the opposite lateral compartment, at least two separate profiled element forming the second side compartment, and at least one closing element that is inserted between the individual shaped elements of the first side compartment and a separate profiled elements of the second side compartment and attached to the inner wings of these individual profiled elements.

21. Technical channel on p. 20, characterized in that the two side compartments are made symmetrical to each other.

22. Technical channel according to any one of paragraphs.20 - 21, titanovie bracelet overlap, passing transversely of the item close to closing the nearest side of the Bay.

23. Technical channel according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 22, characterized in that it is adapted to be used in isolation and is positioned horizontally.

24. Technical channel according to any one of paragraphs.1 to 25, characterized in that for the transfer of at least one electrical unit to the technical channel attached, forming a T-shaped structure, technical support channel of the same type, passing vertically and reported his inner volume of the inner volume of the main technical channel.

 

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Channel // 2103458
The invention relates to a channel for piping for the hot fluid

FIELD: electrical engineering, basement foundation boxes for cable laying and wiring.

SUBSTANCE: proposed basement foundation box has bottom part 2 mounted on bearing floor and top part forming shaft body. Novelty is that shaft body 20 forming mentioned top part 12 of basement foundation box is shaped as casing body 13.

EFFECT: facilitated wiring and enhanced reliability of protection against impact noise.

13 cl, 3 dwg

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FIELD: construction, particularly vertical ducts for receiving utility lines.

SUBSTANCE: air duct assembly comprises air duct member having height corresponding to that of each floor or several building floor heights. The air duct members may be connected one over another so that they form single fire-protective space separated into several compartments and extending through several stories. Air-duct member has at least one longitudinal partition, which separates air-duct member interior into two separate fire-resistant soundproof chambers.

EFFECT: elimination of labor-intensive duct assemblage stages, possibility of duct transportation.

8 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

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EFFECT: invention makes it possible to distribute such utilities as electricity, water, gases and to connect to such ports as Ethernet, serial and parallel ports, and other types of wireless communication.

14 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering; wire or cable laying or their holding in position and protection.

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20 cl, 10 dwg

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1 cl, 19 dwg

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1 cl, 3 dwg

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23 cl, 5 dwg

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16 cl, 11 dwg

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