(57) Abstract:The invention relates to shipbuilding, namely the construction of vessels intended for the carriage of goods taken out of the water. Transport ship-trimaran contains the average double-wall case. The bottom middle of the case is made in the form of moving leaves. Ship power plants are located in all three buildings. The vessel contains a variety of lifting equipment for lifting loads and objects from the bottom. We can widen the dimensions of the cargo shall be loaded for transport by sea, to values commensurate with the size of the hold. 2 C.p. f-crystals, 5 Il. The invention relates to shipbuilding, and specifically to the design of the ships and their cargo holds intended for the carriage of goods taken out of the water.Known vessels for the transport of goods (US 4348972 A, SU 1217717 A, SU 1625768 and FR 2533192 A), including the main body, lifting and handling equipment and other deck equipment, and auxiliary buildings on the sides of the main body, serving to increase stability and load carrying capacity of the vessel.A disadvantage of previously known technical solutions are low maneuverability court is processing.The purpose of the present invention is to extend the speed range of the vessel, and means to increase the speed of freight and passengers, to improve the operation of cargo-handling, to reduce handling of the vessel for one operation, and thus reduce the time spent in ports and universalservice transported cargo, a radical way to improve the maneuverability of the vessel at all speed range, to increase the period and range Autonomous navigation, to increase the buoyancy, resistance, capacity, i.e., to improve the characteristics of the safety of the vessel, and ultimately to reduce the cost of transportation.This objective is achieved in that the trimaran contains the average double-wall case, where the bottom middle of the case is made in the form of moving shutters, and ship power plants are located in all three buildings. Hold the middle of the case is made with double insulated walls. Micorphone fastening is made with the possibility of moving in the vertical and horizontal planes. Angle mikaboshi mounts between the middle and side blocks are designed to minimize stresses in the construction of magcorp the receiving axis of motion of the average case. Possible variant of the trimaran with the location of ship power plants only in the side housings.In Fig. 1 shows a diagram of a transport ship is a trimaran.In Fig. 2 shows a diagram of the middle hull of the trimaran with deployable wings of the bottom.In Fig. 3 to 5 shows a diagram of the loading of the trimaran.Structurally, the ship is a trimaran. The vessel 1 consists of three buildings (Fig. 1): average (cargo) case 2 and the side wings 3. All buildings are equipped with ship power plants (with propellers 4). The average hull 2 of the vessel is a cargo. Housings are fastened together micorphone bracket 5. On deck 6 is the add-on 7 and on the sides of buildings - add-8. The bottom of the middle hull consists of a drop-down shutters 9 (shutters closed) and 10 (sash disclosed).Consider the operation of loading of the vessel (Fig. 3-5). Open doors bottom 9. Fresh water fills the hold of the middle hull of the trimaran. Is printablepage secondary hull to the calculated values, providing for the receiving of cargo directly from the water into the hold through the open shutters of the bottom. Average trimaran hull takes pop up the load 12. Then C is ready to Ship cargo and passenger transportation to the destination port.The vessel is equipped with a variety of crane equipment, which can be used for lifting loads, objects from the bottom.The design and dimensions of all three hulls of the trimaran provide and provide the necessary buoyancy of the vessel during loading and unloading operations from beginning to end.The surgery ship unloading is the reverse of loading operations.In case of rejection of the cargo weight in the average case from the settlement (within tolerance) provides the ability to adjust the settling of the side hulls of the vessel through the fence (emission) of sea water in the side of the building to relieve stresses arising in micorphone mounts).Great value in this vessel will have a design mikaboshi fasteners, and therefore they should be designed in such a way as to ensure reliability as during loading and unloading operations and during transport, damping the displacement of the housings relative to each other with side rolling, which should be provided by the possibility of their moving in vertical and horizontal planes. Along with micorphone fastenings 5, between buildings 2 and 3. perhaps orbusneich fasteners 5 (Fig. 1) will be selected in such a way as to reduce the voltage in the construction mikaboshi fasteners when the sailing vessel and the optimal way to combine a force marine engines of the side housings 3 with the direction of the axis of movement of the middle housing 2.For cases of lateral inhibition in buildings able to accommodate similar systems mikaboshi fastening-lugs in the opposite direction with an angle of 180.With fuel consumption of sludge side of the hull of the ship will be reduced, which will cause tension in micorphone mounts. To avoid this provides for simultaneous injection of sea water.The side wings are in the appropriate displacement and can be used for the placement of bins for storing fuel. The side wings, which in the usual classical designs trimaran performed a supporting role to increase the stability of the vessel when the water is disturbed, in this ship, have become the main feature of ship power plants. You can use the side of buildings to transport both passengers and various goods.about particularly important when the connection-disconnection with average housing and transportation. Marine engines the side of the buildings will be made of appropriate power and will allow you to increase the speed of the vessel to the declared values. You can use more than one propeller on the side hulls.The vessel has the ship microprocessor control systems (SEUS) controlling the mechanisms of the vessel, in particular monitoring sensors controlling the state mikaboshi mounts, and adequately responds by changing the modes of operation of marine engines. Use the ship three buildings and the placement of ship power plants in the side housings allows you to change the navigation properties of the vessel as follows: to improve the buoyancy of the vessel; to increase the stability of the vessel; to make the vessel practically unsinkable; to improve the manageability of the vessel at all speed range; to increase the stability of the ship on the course; to improve the maneuverability of the vessel is the ability of the ship to change direction, not only by the steering mechanism, but also by regulating the thrust of each of the ship's engines, which increases the ability of the ship to manoeuvre, passing difficult areas, mooring, and raids, when Plava the speed of the vessel; to increase the propulsion of the vessel through this corner mikaboshi mounts that will allow the optimal way to transmit thrust ship engines of the side housings of the base body; to reduce the loss of speed of the vessel in waves; virtually eliminate the yaw of the vessel; to improve inertia (brake) the quality of the vessel, i.e., to reduce the time of repayment of inertia (braking time); to reduce inertial length, i.e. the distance traveled by the vessel after reversing main engines (from full speed forward to full back).Use as a cargo hull of the average case allows you to keep the operation of the loading and unloading of the vessel to a single operation that allows to reduce the time the vessel is in port; to increase the turnover of the ship.In the end, by and large, all this will lead to solving the main problems of shipping - acceleration handling and transportation of goods, reduction in the cost of transportation and increase the safe navigation of the ship. The proposed construction of a transport ship-trimaran meet current requirements and trends in ship building - modular-modular methods of their construction. 1. Trgo housing made in the form of mobile wing, ship power plants are located in all three cases, and the vessel contains a variety of lifting equipment for lifting loads and objects from the bottom.2. Transport ship-trimaran under item 1, characterized in that the hold of the middle of the case is made with double insulated walls.3. Transport ship-trimaran under item 1, characterized in that micorphone fastening is made with the possibility of moving in the vertical and horizontal planes.
SUBSTANCE: two-hull object surfacing is performed by force of pulling-and-running device (PRD) which force is adequate to waterless mass of object in external hull, for which purpose hoisting winches are actuated for lifting irrespective of wave phase, and follower winches of load cable are set to braking, which causes water drain from external hull beyond the board until the object is lifted from surface. Constant tension of load cable during sequential oscillations is maintained by damper operation. Invention covers also the device for this method implementation.
EFFECT: improved PRD operational performance, possibility to lower its mass and dimensions.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: rescue equipment.
SUBSTANCE: method of providing crew evacuation of emergency submarine from emersed saving chamber (ESC) is that the crew evacuation is based on using the launching device of a rescue ship and a ship's ladder. The ESC of vertical design is provided with lifting rods and fencing of the exit hatch. The launching device of the rescue ship is provided with a traverse with the variable base between the automatic grips, through which the ESC is raised from water to the height excluding the relative heaving oscillations of the ESC and the rescue ship, and fixed at the fendering protection against longitudinal movement with mooring-towing ropes. The ship's ladder is brought to the fencing of the exit hatch of the ESC and the rescued are evacuated on the ship's ladder to the board of the rescue ship.
EFFECT: increased safety of the crew evacuation from the emersed saving chamber to the rescue ship under conditions of sea waves.
SUBSTANCE: rescue means boarding device comprises the slip arranged at the vessel aft, towing winch with towing rope, rescue craft catch assembly and drone with remote control. Cargo winch and remote control assembly are mounted at the drone airframe. Rescue craft catch assembly is composed of the screen-and scoop-like span with elastic resilient thrust ring at the lower part. Tightening rope at said thrust ring is connected with the cargo winch towing rope running end. The drone remote control assembly is connected with the drone controls via radio channel and composed of the drone flight ACS and GPS or GLONASS radio navigation complex.
EFFECT: higher safety.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to weight-handling machinery, particularly, to ship launching systems. Launching system is a mobile one located in a rigid frame. Supporting base 1 of the system is installed on a horizontal support surface 5 of the rigid frame. Piston rod 3, one end of which is pivotally mounted on supporting base 1 is equipped with rod 7 connecting its free end with rotary support 2 pivotally mounted on supporting base 1. Drive 4 of piston rod 3 is located so that its one end is connected to supporting base 1, and the other end-to piston 3. Launching system is equipped with lifting frame 8 pivotally mounted on rotary support 2. Lifting frame 8 is equipped with drive 9, connected on one side with turning support 2, and on the other side-with lifting frame 8. Lifting frame 8 has at least one unit 10 and at least one roller 11 interacting with mating it guide 12 located on vertical wall 6 of the rigid frame on the side of the launching system.
EFFECT: technical result consists in simplification of the system design and higher reliability when providing mobility of its use.
20 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to load-lifting devices used with ship lowering-lifting devices. Crossbar comprises a frame composed of two parallel beams supported by transverse stiffness ribs, stock devices arranged at the ends of the frame. On beams there are shock-absorbers, movable along the length of a coupling frame with handles-stoppers and vertically integrated in the movable couplings, automatic grippers suspended by stoppers to the shock-absorbers, and leading units for fixing ropes-conductors behind stock devices of a lifting object through coaxial channels in shock-absorbers and automatic grippers of the crossbar.
EFFECT: unified and automated crossbar.
1 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: surface support vessel contains a lifting system and a method for lifting payload from an underwater location. The system for lifting payload from the underwater location comprises a hoisting rope, a gripping unit equipped with a propulsion device, a gripping structure for attaching the gripping unit to the payload, a gripping structure for lifting the payload, and a winch with the function of compensating vertical oscillations for releasing the hoisting rope and lowering the gripping unit to the payload. To lift the payload from the underwater location, the direction of the gripping unit in the water to the payload, the attachment of the gripping unit to the payload and the lifting of the payload by tension are included. The gripping unit is attached to the hoisting rope held by the winch with the function of compensating vertical rolling. The winch is located on the surface vessel for carrying the hoisting rope to the payload.
EFFECT: ease of cargo positioning and lifting under different conditions of the sea.
19 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: trimaran type ship with outriggers-energy modules, consisting of the main body, two lateral buoyancy - outriggers and underwater bridges connecting them with the body is proposed. The whole energy plant of the ship is taken out of the hull into outriggers and bridges. This provides the formation of an extended tunnel in the hull, adapted for entering a floating craft into it through a cutout in the hull transom.
EFFECT: basing of relatively large floating crafts on a relatively small vessel without lifting them on the ship and without a bulky lifting device.
4 cl; 3 dwg