Construction element for walls
(57) Abstract:The invention relates to the construction, in particular to the construction elements for walls. An object of the invention is to reduce labor costs, simplify design and increase the usable area of the premises. Construction element contains a monolithic body in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped with longitudinal and end edges and recesses made in the form of two end-to-end longitudinal grooves on opposite longitudinal edges of a parallelepiped and is shifted to one of the longitudinal edges. On one longitudinal face without end-to-end longitudinal groove made at least one transverse groove which is connected with a through longitudinal slots. 1 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il. The invention relates to the field of construction, namely: construction elements for walls.Known element in the construction of the walls of the shuttering blocks, made in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped with grooves and cavities, into which is poured a solution of the monolithic ( and.with. USSR N 1555446, class E 04 2/02, 1987). A disadvantage of the known technical solutions are labor-intensive in manufacture of the ptx2">Also known element in the construction of building walls, made in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped with vertical channels ( RF patent N 2062843, class E 04 2/02, 1993). A disadvantage of the known technical solution is the use of the design of wall insulation, which complicates the construction of the wall and increases labor costs in the construction of the wall.An object of the invention is to reduce labor costs, simplify design and increase the usable area of the premises.The solution of the technical problem is achieved by the fact that the construction element contains a monolithic body in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped with longitudinal and end edges and grooves, and the grooves in the form of two end-to-end longitudinal grooves on opposite longitudinal edges of a parallelepiped and is shifted to one of the longitudinal edges, one longitudinal face without end-to-end longitudinal groove made at least one transverse groove which is connected with a through longitudinal grooves, the cross section of each longitudinal or transverse groove has a shape of flat geometric shapes.In Fig.1 shows a General view of construction and the automotive elements in the collection.Construction element contains a monolithic body 1, made in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped of polystyrene concrete or cellular concrete with end faces 2, 3 and the longitudinal edges 4,5,6,7. Along the longitudinal edges 5,6,7 performed through the longitudinal slots 8, 9, and transverse grooves 10 and 11, each of which is communicated with a through longitudinal grooves 8,9. Longitudinal grooves 8,9 made biased towards one of the longitudinal edges 4 or 5. The cross-section of each end-to-end longitudinal or transverse groove has a shape of flat geometric shapes.Build the walls of the building elements is performed in the following sequence: when upright building elements on the longitudinal edges 6,7 of each building element is applied adhesives and combine the corresponding faces with the formation of internal longitudinal channels 12,13, which can be installed valve 14. When assembling building elements are set such that the inner longitudinal channels 12,13 closer to the inner surface 15 of the wall, which increases the usable area of the premises.For the manufacture of building elements do not need complicated formos the CLASS="ptx2">1. Construction element for walls containing monolithic body in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped with longitudinal and end edges and recesses, wherein the recesses are made in the form of two end-to-end longitudinal grooves on opposite longitudinal sides and displaced to one of the longitudinal edges, one longitudinal face without end-to-end longitudinal groove made at least one transverse groove which is connected with a through longitudinal slots.2. Construction element for walls under item 1, characterized in that the cross-section of each longitudinal or transverse groove has a shape of flat geometric shapes.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to production of reinforced masonry structures, namely, to production of brick wall structures with transverse reinforcement by textile webs of high-strength threads and may be used in industries related to construction of objects of residential-civil and production purpose. Substance of invention consists in creation of wire mesh that consists of transverse and longitudinal reinforcing elements joined to each other and crossing at the right angle, creating square cells, at that longitudinal and transverse reinforcing elements are made of high-strength threads, with strength of at least 1000 MPa, being connected to each other, in crossing points of reinforcing elements, by warp-knitting method, for instance, from polyester thread that creates additional mesh inside every square cell of wire mesh with size of internal cell of not more than 1/4 from size of wire mesh square cell.
EFFECT: application of wire mesh in reinforced masonry wall structure, namely, simultaneous provision of properties complex: required rated resistance of masonry, lighter weight of structure, lower heat losses, and also reduced cracking due to absence of corroded materials in masonry.
1 cl, 1 tbl, 2 dwg, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used in designing and construction of residential, public and industrial buildings and structures. Masonry with transverse reinforcement consists of masonry with transverse reinforcement in horizontal laying seams, wherein transverse reinforcement is composed of more than one concentric closed rings or more than one closed crossing rings.
EFFECT: technical result is metal saving, higher bearing capacity of masonry, operating at compression.
10 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used for construction of buildings, structures, fences. To achieve specified technical result in structure of known hollow wall, housing of which comprises two separate thin outer walls, each of which has thickness equal to width of wall elements, from which they are built, with gap between them filled with porous, low heat-conducting material, wherein wall elements stack arranged in walls of longitudinally, are made round, their housing are in form of rectangular parallelepipeds, equal width and height lateral wall elements are also round, their housings are in form of rectangular parallelepipeds, equal-length, width and height of which equals width and height of longitudinal wall elements masonry, transverse wall elements are built ends in external wall at wall thickness so that opposite ends of these elements form vertical and horizontal rows of ledges arranged in staggered order, on each of inner surfaces of outer walls so, that in each vertical row of ledges they alternate with each other through row of masonry, wherein ledges of one wall are located between projections of other wall without touching latter, third, inner wall made of longitudinal wall elements arranged between two outer walls, separated from them by gaps, and inner lateral wall element, which is equal to width and height of longitudinal wall elements built into third wall across its so that its opposite ends extend outward on each side of said wall to make ledges on them, which are arranged between appropriate ledges outer walls, without touching latter, wherein length of inner cross wall element is equal to double length of transverse wall element outer walls for width of latter.
EFFECT: proposed invention solves task of improving stability, carrying capacity, heat and sound insulation properties of hollow wall, simplifying its installation.
7 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to elements of building structures, namely to volumetric units for sanitary purposes, intended for organization of natural ventilation in residential, social, administrative buildings, as well as to erection of building structures, and can be used in construction of monolithic walls, floors and partition walls of buildings and structures used in various industries, where it is necessary to construction thereof. Ventilation unit is made of whole monolithic concrete and has shape of hollow rectangular parallelepiped, consisting of four walls with fastening elements arranged on them and two internal partitions dividing inner space of unit on main channel and two side satellite channels. As fasteners key groove is used made along perimeter of walls with outer side, parallel to upper cut of ventilation unit for jamming in flooring. Two reinforcement rods are arranged in through holes in upper part of walls and inner partitions. Besides, at least, one of walls is equipped with anchor for fixation of brace to it during installation of ventilation unit. Method of mounting of the ventilation unit includes installation of ventilation units on each other and fixed with help of fasteners to floorings; installation of first (start) ventilation unit at lower flooring before grouting of top floor slab with temporary attachment to brace by means of anchor; assembly of top inter-floor slab formwork; reinforcement of upper plate of inter-floor slab with simultaneous installation of two reinforcement rods in through holes of ventilation unit; closure of rim of ventilation unit with temporary cover to prevent ingress of concrete into inner space of unit; concreting floor plate of upper covering, during which deepening-key to upper part of ventilation unit is filled with concrete mix, and fixation of reinforcement bars in inter-floor slab; formwork, top cover, bracing removal after achievement of set design strength of concrete; installation of above located ventilation unit.
EFFECT: technical result consists in simplifying design of ventilation unit and faster process of construction of multistory buildings.
12 cl, 5 dwg