The working body for tillage during the laying plantations of strawberries
(57) Abstract:The working body can be used for the treatment of intensively irrigated soil in gardens. Hollow drainer has input and output apertures. The location of tenera at the bottom of the knife and the presence of Shelestov in the upper part of the working body at an acute angle thereto, and additional knife with Widener under the front part of tenera enable the installation of landing slots simultaneously with the formation of molehills, this prevents loss of carved hollow grenera soil in the cavity drains laid. 4 C.p. f-crystals, 4 Il. The invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular to devices for soil at the Foundation plantations of strawberries.Known soil unit containing a working body with two inclined away from the axis of symmetry racks (see ed. St. USSR N 1595357, class A 01 B 13/00, 1988, publ. in B. I. N 36, 1990). However, this screed is designed only for loosening soil layer and it is impossible to carry out the cutting of planting gaps, in particular in strawberry culture dank and on the other hand do not accept wetlands, because this is agemono working body on the totality of symptoms is the working body of the device for laying mole drainage, includes knife, a stabilizing plate and hollow drainer performed with a variable cross-section along the length, and the hole it is located in the rear of the knife and has a rectangular cross section (see ed. the certificate in USSR N 480801, CL E 02 B 11/02, 1972 - prototype).When the movement of the knife cuts the ground in a vertical plane and mounted on the end of drainer cuts in the array of ground catavino. Cut the soil passes through Granero and through the hole of rectangular cross section falls into the slit formed by the knife, over Krotova Drenai.However, when working on water-saturated soils or when watering the plants, in particular strawberries, there may be loss of soil from a vertical slit in the cavity Krotova drains, which may reduce the work of the drains and to bring it down, moreover, the disadvantage of this device is the difficulty in moving the ground when cutting molehills in the cavity of jenera: lift up while pushing the ground on the outlet.The objective of the invention is to simplify the design and increase the quality as laid Krotova drains, and formed of landing slots. The technical result - the process of construction of molehills is carried out simultaneously with the formation of the first grenera soil in the cavity drains laid.This object is achieved in that in the known operating authority for soil containing a knife and hollow drainer with input and output openings gruntownego channel implemented with a variable cross-section along the length, at the top of the knife has two inclined at an acute angle to him, directed to the opposite sides of scelerata on the upper surface of each of which is mounted on the entire width of the flat strip, and hollow drainer mounted in the lower part of the knife and has shaped, with a front end portion of the above-mentioned tenera is an additional knife with Widener generated additional slit, and the rear part of the outer surface of the Widener tangentially associated with the outer surface of the hollow tenera; output aperture of the hollow tenera is located at the rear end of Widener additional knife with the bevel toward the front end edge; the upper point of the outlet of the hollow tenera is below the bottom line of the external generatrix of its cylindrical part; behind hollow grenera in one piece with it mounted extender Krotova drains; the front edges of the main and additional knives and Shelestov are about the em, that hollow drainer and two oppositely directed scelerata, tilted at an acute angle, placed on a vertical knife, achieved the above technical result.Conducted by the applicant's analysis of the prior art, including searching by the patent and scientific and technical information sources and identify sources that contain information about the analogues of the present invention has allowed to establish that the applicant has not found a technical solution, characterized by signs, identical to all the essential features of the invention.In particular, the prototype of the proposed work body is different some form of internal cavity gruntownego channel and extra knife with Widener for the formation of additional cracks under the cylindrical part of tenera.Therefore, the present invention meets the requirement of "novelty."To verify the conformity of the invention is the requirement of "inventive step" was conducted an additional search of the known solutions in order to identify characteristics that match the distinctive features of the prototype of the characteristics of the present invention, the results of which POI, as in the prior art, as defined by the applicant, not identified impact provided the essential features of the invention transformations to achieve a technical result. So, the author proposed a new design solution: cant xelerate be installed on a vertical knife for the simultaneous formation of vertical and lateral landing slots.Therefore, the present invention meets the requirement of "inventive step".In Fig. 1 shows the working body for tillage during the laying plantations of strawberries, side view; Fig. 2 - the same, front view; Fig. 3 is a cross section along a - a in Fig. 2; Fig. 4 - profile of planting slits running in soil using the proposed working body.The working body for tillage during the laying plantations of strawberries contains 1 knife, in the upper part of which it is inclined at an acute angle thereto, aimed in opposite directions xelerate 2 and 3, on the upper surface of each of which are mounted on the entire width of the flat strips 4 and 5. Hollow drainer 6 is shaped and mounted in the lower part of the knife. The front end portion 7 of the hollow grenera bipolarity which tangentially associated with the outer surface of the hollow tenera, inside which made grunewaldsee channel 10 is also shaped variable cross-section along the length, gradually widening from the inlet 11 to the outlet 12 tenera. The outlet is located at the rear end 13 Widener additional knife with the bevel toward the front end edge 14, while the upper point of the outlet of the hollow tenera is below the bottom line of the external generatrix of its cylindrical part. Behind the hollow grenera in one piece with it mounted extender 15 Krotova drains. The front edge 16 of the main knife and optional end edge 14 of an additional knife and also the edges 17 and 18 Shelestov form an acute angle with a horizontal plane and tilted forward in the direction of movement of the working body for quality cutting core 19, an additional 20, 21 and two side slits 22 and strip molehills 23 in the soil.The working body for tillage during the laying plantations of strawberries works as follows.When the movement of the working body, the cutting edges of the knife 1 and Shelestov 2 and 3 extensions 4 and 5 are cut in the soil 19 vertical and two oblique 21 and 22 of the slit in a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal the drain and use an additional knife 8 additional gap 20, when this cut using the front-end part 7 of the hollow grenera 6 soil resultname passing through figurative ogruntovannomu channel 10, moving from the inlet 11 to the outlet 12 grenera 6, through which he gets to cut an additional knife 8 extra wide gap 20 and is in the form of lumpy loose filler 24. Mounted behind the hollow grenera 6 extender 15 mole drains finally forms a mole drain 23. So before planting of strawberry seedlings in the soil using the proposed working body laid two sloping side and one Central slot in the lower part of which is mole drena. When planting seedlings strawberries its roots are located in the Central and side slits. After planting, seedlings cracks compresses and, with time, their side walls are closed. At the same time, beneath planted seedlings strawberry mole drena eliminates flooding plantings of strawberries when they are excessive watering, removing the excess moisture drains through, the quality is much higher due to the fact that the work of the working body stabilizes lateral seeretary 2 and 3. The presence Krotova drains under landing slots provides aeration POVEDENIYa testify to the fulfillment of the following conditions:
the working body, as described in the proposed invention, in its implementation, is intended for use in agricultural engineering;
for the present invention confirmed the possibility of its implementation using the above in the application of the funds;
the working body embodying the invention in its implementation, is capable of achieving the intended result.Therefore, the present invention meets the requirement of "industrial applicability" - according to the current legislation. 1. The working body for tillage during the laying plantations of strawberries, containing a knife and hollow drainer with input and output openings gruntownego channel implemented with a variable cross-section along the length, characterized in that the upper part of the knife has two inclined at an acute angle thereto, aimed in the opposite side of scelerata on the upper surface of each of which is mounted on the entire width of the flat strip, and the hollow drainer mounted in the lower part of the knife and has shaped, with a front end part of tenera is an additional knife with Widener additional slit, 2. The working body under item 1, characterized in that the outlet of the hollow tenera is located at the rear end of Widener additional knife with the bevel toward the front end edge.3. Work the body paragraphs.1 and 2, characterized in that the upper point of the outlet of the hollow tenera is below the bottom line of the external generatrix of its cylindrical part.4. Work the body paragraphs.1 to 3, characterized in that behind the hollow grenera in one piece with it mounted extender Krotova drains.5. Work the body paragraphs.1 and 2, characterized in that the front edges of the main and additional knives and Shelestov form an acute angle with a horizontal plane and tilted forward in the direction of movement of the working body.
FIELD: environment protection.
SUBSTANCE: method involves mechanical removal of excessive contaminants from surface and reducing toxicity of contaminated soil; sowing green manure crops and perennial grasses; preliminarily removing taking soil samples from contaminated surface and separating native contaminant destructors therefrom; after mechanical removal of contaminant from soil surface, providing sequential treatment of plot soil with water-soluble humates and at least double treatment with native contaminant destructors; mellowing soil; applying lime with mineral fertilizers such as saltpeter, double superphosphate and calcium chloride. Green manure crops are sown after application of fertilizers. Method further involves grinding green manure crops, plowing into soil and covering with soil by means of covering roll.
EFFECT: increased efficiency, reliable ecologically clean restoration of soil after contamination thereof.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, method and equipment for retention of thaw water on sloped lands.
SUBSTANCE: method involves undercutting soil layer after harvesting of preceding crop; directing stubble remains under soil layer and covering with undercut soil layer. After being covered with undercut soil layer, stubble remains form along edge of said layer swath of soil layer of 4-6 cm width. Predetermined shape and parameters of swaths allow evaporation of moisture and silting to be inhibited and, accordingly, moisture retention to be increased. Apparatus has frame with carrier wheel and flat rack provided with front cutting edge and inclined with its lower end forward and to the side. Flat hoe is fixed on lower end of rack. Wing made curvilinear along direction of advancement of apparatus is positioned at rear edge of rack so that its convex part is extending upward and to the side. Load feeding belt conveyor is connected with frame through two pivot links. Flexible rods for picking up stubble remains from field are fixed on conveyor belt. Belt conveyor is positioned on tines of supporting rollers and is oriented with its feeding end under upper curvilinear edge of wing. One of pivot joints and tines of supporting rollers are equipped with individual length regulators.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in retaining of thaw water and, accordingly, improved controlling of soil erosion on sloped lands.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: forestry, in particular, equipment for soil tillage and formation of micro raised portions on cuttings during reforestation works.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has frame and blade-type swivel connected with frame by means of free-motion mechanism. Blades of swivel are made concave and movably fixed thereon. Locking mechanisms for each individual blade are mounted on blade-type swivel. Locking mechanism switch is positioned on frame. Such arrangement and interconnection between said parts of apparatus allow micro raised portions to be provided within wide range of soil conditions.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and enhanced reliability in operation.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, fertilizer irrigation of farm crops with sewage water or liquid fertilizer.
SUBSTANCE: method involves cutting furrow by means of soil cutting tool; feeding water or liquid fertilizer into furrow and covering furrow. Uniform distribution of fertilizer applied to compound intersected relief is provided by forming web of height smaller than plowing depth by 0.4-0.7 time before supplying of water or liquid fertilizer into open furrow. Apparatus has frame with plow bodies equipped with tine having share and moldboard and fixed on frame. Web forming device mounted on frame behind outer plow body is made in the form of rotor with vertical shaft of rotation and blades for moving soil from ridges of adjacent plowed strips. Apparatus has drive. Rotor drive is kinematically connected and aligned with frame carrier wheel.
EFFECT: uniform distribution of liquid fertilizer applied into soil and equalized plant mass over the entire area of irrigated soil, increased soil fertility and improved ecology control by preventing environment from contamination.
3 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method involves cutting surface layer of soil and forming narrow slits to 60-70 cm depth; during slitting, forming water-accumulating channels of different depth and supplying water therein at flow rate of 5-25 l/s; on expiration of 2-3 days, providing digging and extracting rootages. Apparatus has frame mounted on supporting wheels and provided with vertical knives. One knife is positioned in mid portion of frame. Two other knives are positioned at ends of additional beams. Each of vertical knives is made flat, with concave curvilinear cutting edge and chisel at lower end. Soil deforming device with gauged heads is positioned at rear cut of knives. Heads are communicated with pull-type vessel via channels formed in knives bodies and via flexible hoses. Water is supplied from vessel via gauged heads into vertical channels and water-accumulating channels. During 2-3 days water moistens and softens soil to allow simplified extraction of rootages.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in extracting of plant rootages with minimal mechanical damage thereto.
6 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment for basic cultivation of solonetz soil in closed furrow mode and for surface cultivation of soil by rotavation method.
SUBSTANCE: tillage tool has frame, share, tiered rotavation drums disposed behind share and equipped with knives, drive mechanism made in the form of reducer and adapted for driving of rotavation drums, and seeding unit. Lower part of reducer is deepened into soil together with rotavation drums, which are adapted for rotation in opposite directions. Rotavation drums are arranged in spaced relation with respect to one another, rotate at equal angular speeds and have unequal diameters, with total value of diameters exceeding thickness of soil layer under tillage process. Share is positioned in front of rotavation drums and is deepened to depth equal to half the thickness of soil layer under tillage process. Gas distributing device disposed immediately behind share is connected through filter with exhaust pipe of tractor engine. Ratio of rotavation drum diameters, distance between axes of rotation of rotavation drums and angular offset are set in accordance with respective dependence.
EFFECT: improved quality of basic tillage of solonetz soil.