The method of thermal insulation and cladding surfaces of walls tiles
(57) Abstract:The method is designed for insulation and cladding surfaces of walls tiles and can be used in the manufacture of construction works. The details of the mounting of tiles set on the mesh, mounted on a wall surface. The insulation is carried out by filling the space between the wall surface and tiles, insulating material, such as foam, having a composition that protect steel reinforcement from corrosion. Vents make using plastic tubes slide them up as setting thermal insulating foam. Is provided by the combination of operations architectural facing surfaces of walls tiles with effective insulation and ventilation channels. 1 Il., table 1. The invention relates to the production of construction works, in particular, for the reconstruction or rehabilitation of buildings and structures with simultaneous thermal insulation and architectural cladding.There is a method of cladding the surface of the tiles by laying deposited on the coated surface of the mortar with the formation in it of ventilation ducts .
the eat them laying on printed on the coated surface of the mortar with the formation of the ventilation channel by setting in mortar casing .The disadvantages of these methods are, first, a complex arrangement of ventilation ducts and, secondly, the methods do not provide effective thermal insulation of walls, be facing.The purpose of the invention is to combine the operation of the architectural facing surfaces of walls tiles with effective insulation and ventilation channels to protect against corrosion of metal parts fixing of tiles to a wall surface.This is achieved by the fact that the tiles are on the inner side of the mounting lug in the dovetail. The tiles are mounted on fasteners that are installed on the mesh, which is mounted on a revetted surface of the wall. Further, the space between the wall and the inner surface of the installed tiles is filled with the plastic (rascacielos) insulating mass, for example, foamed silicate-based. The composition of weight picked so that it was corrosion environment for reinforcing steel (mesh and fastening details).Before the filling of the insulating mass to fill the space installing plastic pipes in the process of zaila.In Fig. 1 shows a scheme of the walls (1) tiles (2), fasteners (3) tiles, insulating layer (4), the air channel (5) and moving the pipe (6) which defines the shape of the duct and mesh reinforcement (7).The proposed method is carried out in the following sequence: on a wall surface fixed grid of ordinary reinforcing steel. The size of the rectangular cells of the wire mesh is commensurate with the size of the tiles. The mesh is fixed to the wall by any known method, for example, by means of anchors that perestrelivayutsya to the wall of the building with a gun. For steel mesh fix curly mountings tiles, on which hung tiles. Tiles on the inner side have a special ledge, made in the dovetail. Due to the flexible mounting of parts and tiles created conditions adjust the location of the tile on a wall surface and keeping the horizontal position and alignment of the tiles and their faces.After hanging a few rows of tiles in the space between the wall and the inner surface of the tiles fill plastic (rastekaetsya) foam solution with low density and high teploizolirovat pipe foam density of 80 kg/m3and accordingly the conductivity from 0.035 W/MK. In the process of pouring concrete in the layer of insulation creates vents, which removes excess moisture from the plastic foam (when doing work in the summer) or heated foam when working in sub-zero temperatures (in winter), through the application of heat.Ventilation channels created by plastic tubes, which are mounted vertically in the bottom layer of foam, and at least fill overlying layers and stiffening of concrete pipe is lifted up by the method of sliding. As vertical movement of the pipe in the concrete remains of the canal, the size of which repeats the outer profile of the tube. Given that the polymeric material is hydrophobic and has no adhesion with the concrete, slide the pipe up occurs without significant mechanical effort.The effectiveness of the invention was experimentally verified. In a plastic form with a size of 400 x 400 x 100 mm poured concrete mass density of 150 kg/m3and a thermal conductivity of 0.05 W/MK. The initial moisture content of the mass is equal to 42%. In one form established two symmetrically perchlorovinyl pipe (PVC) with a diameter of 60 mm After the o in the sample with venting channels, there was intense drying of the concrete, and in the form of channels without the humidity has changed slightly.It is obvious that the greater the height of the channel, the more intense will be the drying of concrete (due to pressure drop in the height of the channel). The experiment showed that the proposed solution is effective and feasible in practice.Sources of information:
1. French patent N 1599609, class E 04 F, 1970.2. USSR author's certificate N 608901, class E 04 F 21/00, published 30.05.1978. Bulletin No. 20. The method of thermal insulation and cladding surfaces of walls tiles by laying on fasteners made from reinforcing steel with subsequent insulation of the walls and protect the reinforcement from corrosion by filling the space between the surfaces of walls and tiles plastic rastucem effective insulating silicate material, such as foam, creating in the process of filling insulation ventilation vertical channels, wherein the fasteners are installed on a conventional reinforcing mesh fixed on the surface of the wall and hold a tile to a ledge on its inner surface, and ensures the layered structure, consisting of the cladding, insulation and walls in the whole, firmly linking the facing surface of the wall, vertical ducts are made using plastic pipes, which are in the process of lining and insulation are moved upwards, leaving in seizing the layer of foam channel corresponding to the outer perimeter of the pipe.
SUBSTANCE: reinforced brick masonry of a double-row system includes bricks laid in rows with seams tying, vertical and horizontal reinforcement, at the same time each row of masonry is formed by a combination of three outbond bricks, laid with a gap, and a pair of bonder bricks that adjoin their ends, which are laid one after another, besides, the rows are displaced one relative to another by 1/4 of a brick to form vertical through channels, where vertical reinforcement is installed, at the same time horizontal reinforcement in longitudinal direction is laid in gaps formed by outbond bricks, and in transverse direction the horizontal reinforcement passes through seams, besides, channels and seams with reinforcement are filled with cement mortar. Vertical reinforcement is arranged with helical ledges at outer surface, besides, both in longitudinal and transverse direction the vertical reinforcement is installed pairwise on masonry so that on the first (out of each pair) vertical reinforcement the tangent of helical ledges has clockwise direction, and on the second vertical reinforcement the tangent of helical ledges has counterclockwise direction. At the same time there is a continuous chain of pairwise vertical reinforcement, which compensates for seismic breaking forces in the reinforced brick masonry.
EFFECT: improved earthquake resistance of a structure by means of breaking forces wave balancing in reinforced brick masonry due to partial reduction of strain amplitudes in vertical pairwise elements of reinforcement.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction and can be used in construction of multistory buildings in seismic regions. Reinforced brickwork of two-row system includes the bricks laid by rows with the joint bond, vertical and horizontal fittings, at that, every stack row is formed by combination of three stretcher bricks laid with clearance, and adjacent to their ends a pair of bonder bricks laid one after another, herewith, the rows are displaced relative to each other on 1/4 brick with formation of vertical through channels, wherein vertical fittings are installed, at that, horizontal fittings in longitudinal direction are laid in the gaps formed by stretcher bricks, and in transverse direction horizontal fittings pass through the joints, besides, channels and joints with fittings are filled with a cement mortar. Ends of vertical fittings are coated with a glassy nanosized film of tantalum oxide by the value of not less than thickness of bricks.
EFFECT: technical result: maintaining reliable operation during long-time reinforced brickwork due to elimination of corrosion damage of horizontal and vertical fittings, especially their ends, which are mostly in contact with condensed moisture.
1 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to method of heat insulation and wall surface tiling. In method of heat insulation and wall surface tiling with tongue-and-groove surface structure of end faces made of foam concrete mixture, by means of their laying and fixing with fixtures arranged in the form of brackets, one end of which is fixed to armature mesh arranged on the wall, and free end is driven into upper groove end of every tile, and between each other tiles are tightly connected by layer of cement-latex glue applied on groove surface of their end faces with thickness that is more than permissible deviation in tile size by 1-2 mm, and further filling of space produced between surfaces of wall and tiles of plastic heat insulation foam concrete mixture with arrangement of ventilation channels of specified mixture in foam concrete, additionally heat insulation is arranged by means of foam polystyrene tiles, which are fixed to specified tiles with tongue-and-groove structure of end faces by glass plastic rods, one end of which is fixed in joint of tiles with tongue-and-groove structure of end faces, and the other end - in internal layer of wall, at that tiles with tongue-and-groove structure of end faces is made of foam concrete mixture with the following composition, weight %: Portland cement 20-70, aluminous cement 3-4, microsilica 8-10, foam maker 0.1-0.25, pigment 2.9-3.75, quartz sand 15-70, heat insulation foam concrete mixture used contains the following components, wt %: Portland cement 70-90, gypsum 5-7, ground burnt rock 5-23, foam maker PB-2000, higher than 100% 2, and ventilation channels are located at the angle to horizontal line with outlet into technological openings.
EFFECT: provision of high quality heat insulation in performance of civil works in winter period.
2 tbl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, and namely to device for closure at ends of floating laid flooring by means of end section. Device comprises fastening reinforcement joined to flooring without the possibility of displacement and having support for end profile joined in a butt joint to end of flooring.
EFFECT: invention provides for reliability of floor and end profile joint.
17 cl, 11 dwg
SUBSTANCE: for spacing in different cases of use with facing flange facing profile for flooring is made at least with one catch at lower part of the facing flange that divides the facing flange into two lips and at least with one bending groove parallel to profile axis at lower side. At least one, preferably having different width of facing flange lip; at that at lower side of facing flange at least one bending groove is envisaged that passes in parallel to profile axis and divides respective lip of the flange into sections; at that facing flange at its outer side opposite to the catch has a coating forming membranous hinge at bending groove area and both lip sections at two sides of bending groove are supported by each other by hinge stopper.
EFFECT: increasing rigidity of the facing flange at bending grove section, possibility of spacing in different cases of use observing the permitted load for unbroken facing profile, increasing diversity of shapes for facing profile and materials for facing flange.
17 cl, 14 dwg
SUBSTANCE: assembly for overlapping the connecting joints between the wall and the flooring. An assembly for overlapping the connecting joints (4) between the wall (2) and the flooring (3) with a floor profile (5), which in the longitudinal edge area rests on the flooring (3) and in the opposing longitudinal edge area rests on the remote support profile (6) placed on the side of the wall, which lies on the floor base (1) for flooring (3), is described. The remote support profile (6) comprises at least two support surfaces arranged around the profile axis with an angular displacement, and the supports for the floor profile (5) located opposite the support surfaces. Reference lengths defined by the distance between the supports and the corresponding support surfaces are different.
EFFECT: simple adaptation to different heights of bearing.
7 cl, 4 dwg