Supporting structure and method of construction of the team supporting structure

 

(57) Abstract:

Usage: industrial and civil construction in the construction of roads, airfields, foundations for various structures, as well as in the construction of any structures on soft soils. The inventive support structure includes a plate on a support surface which are protrusions, and convex-curved in plan questionnaire item accumulated in the transverse direction from the center of the base plate to its periphery side surface, and having a closed arcuate sections projecting beyond the contour of the base in the amount not less than the thickness of the ledge. The ledge is located opposite the ledge at the opposite side face and shifted in the longitudinal direction of the base plate in the direction of protrusion of the end face, and an arcuate section anchor element is located opposite the closed curved area. The inventive method includes setting on the natural or pre-prepared base plates located on their grounds from the supporting surface protrusions, and anchor elements with closed arcuate in plan sections protruding beyond the contour of the base plate on the value of the second number of team support structure relative to the previous longitudinal rows, while laying slabs is carried out in a diagonal direction sequentially on the entire width of modular design so that the original stack plate outer longitudinal rows, then a plate of subsequent longitudinal rows offset in the longitudinal direction relative to the plate of the previous longitudinal rows and stack with mesh side hanging over the curved section of anchor slabs element of the previous row, then the third plate longitudinal rows offset in the longitudinal direction relative to the plate second longitudinal row and stack with mesh side hanging over the curved section of the anchor element plates of the second row, after the cycle is diagonal paving slabs on the entire width of the team supporting structures shall increase longitudinal rows in the same diagonal sequence with the engagement of the protrusions of the plate over the protruding curved sections of the anchoring elements of the adjacent plates. 2 N. p. F.-ly, 3 ill.

The invention relates to industrial and civil construction and can be used in the construction of roads, airfields, foundations for various structures, as well as in the construction of any structures on soft soils.

Without diminishing the advantages of the known solutions, the downside of it is the increased consumption, insufficient bearing capacity and stability, as well as greater complexity of construction teams to the u, on the supporting surfaces of which are hooks in the form of ridges and convex - curved in plan anchor element with inclined in the transverse direction from the center of the base plate to its periphery side surface and having a closed arcuate sections projecting beyond the contour of the base plate by a value not less than the thickness of the ledge [2].

However, a thin supporting structure, high bearing capacity and stability, lack of effective performance when the effect of the active loads.

A known method of construction of the team supporting structure, mainly road, airfield or base, including the installation of a natural or pre-prepared base of support structures type of plates located on their grounds from the supporting surface fastenings in the form of projections and anchor elements with closed arcuate in plan sections protruding beyond the contour of the base plate by a value not less than the thickness of the ledge, and laying slabs offset in the longitudinal direction of each subsequent longitudinal series of team support structure relative to the previous longitudinal rows [2].

However, this method sooruzheniy efficient when exposed to active loads in places most remote from the junctions of the plates between them.

The proposed supporting structure does not have the mentioned disadvantages and most industrially applicable in operation by providing reliable clutch plates among themselves and eliminate localized drawdowns when exposed to active loads.

Industrial applicability the proposed support structure provided by the fact that she is a plate on the supporting surface hooks which are in the form of ridges and convex curved in plan anchor element is inclined in the transverse direction from the center of the base plate to its periphery side surface, and having a closed arcuate sections projecting beyond the contour of the base plate by a value not less than the thickness of the protrusion on the support surface of the plate, opposite the ledge at the side face formed by the additional ledge, which is located at the opposite side and offset from the latter in the longitudinal direction of the base plate in the direction of the protrusion end face and the anchor element has an additional closed arcuate section, protruding beyond the contour of the base side plate by a value not less than the thickness of the ledge opposite of the closed curved area progogine team supporting structure, mainly road, airfield or base provided by the fact that it includes the installation of natural or pre-prepared base of support structures type of plates located on their grounds from the supporting surface fastenings in the form of projections and anchor elements with closed arcuate in plan sections protruding beyond the contour of the base plate by a value not less than the thickness of the ledge, and laying slabs offset in the longitudinal direction of each subsequent longitudinal series of team support structure relative to the previous longitudinal rows, with stacking plates is carried out in a diagonal direction sequentially on the entire width of the team support structure so what previously laid slab outer longitudinal rows, then a plate of the next longitudinal rows offset in the longitudinal direction relative to the plate of the previous longitudinal rows and stack with mesh side hanging over the curved section of anchor slabs element of the previous row, then the third plate longitudinal rows offset in the longitudinal direction relative to the plate second longitudinal row and stack with mesh side vituki plates the entire width of the team supporting structures shall increase longitudinal rows in the same diagonal sequence with the engagement of the protrusions of the plate over the protruding curved sections of the anchoring elements of the adjacent plates.

In Fig. 1 shows a General view of the support structure, made in the form of a plate in isometric, bottom view, and Fig. 2 - the team supporting structure, such as paving slabs and their connections, view in plan from above; Fig. 3 - sections I-I, II-II, III-III in Fig. 2.

the supporting structure includes a plate 1, on the supporting surfaces of which are hooks in the form of projections 2, 3, 4, and convex curved in plan, the anchoring element 5 is inclined in the transverse direction from the center of the base plate 1 to the periphery of the lateral surface. The anchor element 5 has a closed arcuate sections 6, 7, 8, protruding beyond the contour of the base plate 1 by a value not less than the thickness of the ledge. The protrusion 4 is located opposite the tab 2 on the opposite side of the plate 1 and are offset from the tab 2 in the longitudinal direction of the base plate 1 in the direction of the projection 3 at the end face. A closed arcuate section 8 anchor element 5, protruding beyond the contour of the base side of the plate 1, is located opposite the closed arcuate section 6 of the opposite side face of the base plate. The anchor element 5 has a cross-section preferably of trapezoidal form, but it is not a necessary condition is that can have any other shape. During operation of the proposed support structure on low and marshy ground anchor element plate should preferably be formed by smoothly curved curve that provides smoothing and removing the voltage when exposed to dynamic loads and stress relief when exposed to dynamic loads on the plate, and consequently, increases its service life.

When using a plate on solid and pre-prepared soils form the anchoring element can be described, for example, straight lines, and the protruding beyond the contour of the base plate closed sections of the anchoring element can have, for example, the shape of an isosceles trapezoid or rectangular.

Due to the presence on each plate 1 three claws 2, 3, 4, and three closed arcuate sections 6, 7, 8 ensures the uniformity of the fixing plate around its perimeter and thereby the monolithic connection of the pavement as a whole without displacement of the plates in the longitudinal and transverse directions and without exceeding them over each other, i.e., achieves the evenness of the coating. When exposed to active transport of loads on the floor across the plates is formed bowl of deflections in the area that transfers the load on the anchor elnie elements 5 in their lower part, remote from the bottom surface of the plate 1, are moved, and thanks to them obliquely from the plate centre location so affect soils, in order to involve more in-depth and more durable its layers, resulting in an active shift effort is created and opposes the maximum reactor resistance of the soil, allowing to operate the support structure in the elastic stage, even on low and marshy soils, constant independent of load increase or decrease the bearing capacity of the soil, which increases the carrying capacity and sustainability of the proposed support structure and improves the efficiency of its work.

The sequence of the method of construction of the team supporting structure shown in Fig. 2, the arrows A1, A2, A3.

During the construction team supporting structure plate 1 with the above-described design point, as shown in Fig. 2 by the arrow A1 in a diagonal direction sequentially on the entire width of the team supporting structure so that the original stack plate 1 external longitudinal rows, then a plate 1 of the subsequent longitudinal rows offset in the longitudinal direction relative to the plate of the previous paragraph is 5 plate 1 of the previous row, after that, the plate 1 of the third longitudinal row offset in a longitudinal direction relative to the plate 1 of the second longitudinal row and stack with the engagement of its lateral tab 2 for arcuate section 6 anchoring element 5 of the plate 1 of the second longitudinal row, after the cycle diagonal paving slabs on the entire width of the team supporting structures shall increase longitudinal rows in the same diagonal sequence as shown in Fig. 2 by arrows A2, A3, with the engagement of the protrusions of the plate over the protruding curved sections of the anchoring elements of the adjacent plates. Thus, the plate all internal longitudinal rows will be in uniform engagement between them, and each plate is secured in two places on each side and one at each end face. From this it follows that a uniform distribution of the places of engagement of the plates around their perimeter provides primarily the reliability of modular design, high durability, uniform distribution of the active load over a larger area of modular design and increased the carrying capacity and the stability and evenness of the coating.

1. Supporting structure containing PLI is ement with tilted in the transverse direction from the center of the base plate to its periphery side surface and having a closed arcuate sections, protruding beyond the contour of the base plate by a value not less than the thickness of the ledge, characterized in that the supporting surface of the plate, opposite the ledge at the side face formed additional protrusion, which is located at the opposite side and offset from the latter in the longitudinal direction of the base plate in the direction of protrusion of the end face, and an anchor element has an additional closed arcuate section, protruding beyond the contour of the base side plate by a value not less than the thickness of the ledge and located opposite the closed curved area of the opposite side face of the base plate.

2. The method of construction of the team supporting structure, mainly road, airfield or base, including the installation of a natural or pre-prepared base of support structures type of plates located on their grounds from the supporting surface fastenings in the form of projections and anchor elements with closed arcuate in plan sections protruding beyond the contour of the base plate by a value not less than the thickness of the ledge, and laying slabs offset in the longitudinal direction of each successive longitudinal rows sportsouth in a diagonal direction sequentially on the entire width of the team support structure so that originally placed the plate of the outer longitudinal rows, then a plate of subsequent longitudinal rows offset in the longitudinal direction relative to the plate of the previous longitudinal rows and stack with mesh side hanging over the curved section of anchor slabs element of the previous row, then the third plate longitudinal rows offset in the longitudinal direction relative to the plate second longitudinal row and stack with mesh side hanging over the curved section of the anchor element plates of the second row, after the cycle is diagonal paving slabs on the entire width of the team supporting structures shall increase longitudinal rows in the same diagonal sequence with the engagement of the protrusions of the plate over the protruding curved sections of the anchoring elements of the adjacent plates.

 

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