Convertible fence


E06B9/06 - collapsible or foldable, e.g. of the bellows or lazy-tongs type (bellows-type doors E06B0003940000; roll-type grilles E06B0009180000)

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to building construction industrial buildings and structures, and is intended mainly to separate spans of buildings on individual process areas. Technological result of the invention consists in solving the problems of high mobility of the design, there is a possibility of installation of the fence quickly and anywhere in the passage, and reduced effort in the construction of wind loads acting on the wall, for example, during the opening of the outer openings in the housing. This is achieved by the fact that the fence is installed (mounted) on the self-propelled power design, having the ability to move along the entire span of the hull in pottermania space, and has a flexible fabric made of separate sections, each of which is fixed hinge upper side of the horizontal cables, horizontal cables connected to the vertical by means of the sliding sleeves, which are linked by a chain. The invention allows for mobility designs and in case wind load forces from it to a lesser extent transferred to the building design is intended primarily to separate spans of buildings on individual process areas, served General lifting equipment.

Known partition buildings and structures, including sheathing, fixed to the suspension frame, which is made of transverse rope attached to the anchor nodes in the farm, and vertical cables, the ends of which are connected with a cross cable, and a casing secured to the frame using the reference tables set on the vertical cables [1] the Disadvantages of the known partitions are:

a) a great time of mounting and dismantling of the device as the installation is as follows: to a reference nodes in the farm buildings attached cross the rope, then pull attached to the vertical cables that using reference tables hang siding (panel and asbestos cement sheets);

b) the perception of the full wind load arising from the opening of the outer openings, and transfer to the building structure of the building.

Known transforming the enclosure comprising a flexible fabric, a frame having guide rails troso-block transfer system is equipped with upper and lower farms that are installed with the possibility of vertical movement in the guide [2]

This solution is the closest technicalisation mobility, because it can only be installed in a specific location and share a span of two permanent buildings on site;

b) the transfer of all efforts from possible wind loads arising from the opening of the openings, for example the gate, on the construction design of the building.

The technical result of the invention is to remedy these disadvantages, as well as in the task of increasing mobility design, i.e. the possibility of installing a fence quickly and anywhere in the passage, and reduce the effort on the building against wind loads acting on the wall, for example, during the opening of the outer openings in the housing.

The problem is solved in that the proposed transformable enclosure comprising a flexible cloth, bearing the horizontal and vertical wires with the lower horizontal beam, the drive of the lifting beams, mounted on self-propelled power design, having the ability to move along the entire span of the hull in pottermania space; a flexible fabric made of separate sections, each of which is fixed hinge upper side of the horizontal cables, horizontal cables connected to the vertical by means of the sliding wtoo attached to self-propelled power design, for example, bridge multi-span suspension crane which can move along the entire span in pottermania space. As such, the baffle can be installed in any part of the building.

Reduce wind loads on the building structure is achieved by the fact that when they occur pivotally suspended section of the blade deviates from the vertical position, thereby making it possible to equalize the pressure on both sides of the fence.

In Fig. 1 shows the span of the hull in plan; Fig. 2 section a-a in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 cross-section B-B in Fig. 2; Fig. 4 the node I in Fig. 3; Fig. 5 section b-b of Fig. 2; Fig. 6 section G-G in Fig. 5; Fig. 7 section d-D in Fig. 2; Fig. 8 the position of the section of the canvas when wind load; Fig. 9 transforming the fence in the transport position of Fig. 10 - node II in Fig. 9.

Here is an example of use of the invention, when the passage of the housing 1 is divided by a transformable enclosure 2 on two process areas served by overhead cranes 3 and 4 (Fig. 1); transformable enclosure 2 installed on self-propelled device 5 and consists of a flexible leaf 6, 7 vertical and horizontal ropes 8 (Fig. 8), the horizontal beams 9 and drive it the om through the hinge 12 (Fig. 7) mounted on a horizontal cables 8; horizontal cables 8 are connected with vertical cables 7 by means of bushings 13 (Fig. 5), the distance between which, when lowered the blade guard in position) is limited by the length of the chains 14, which is connected between a sleeve 13 (Fig. 5). The chain 14 and horizontal cables 8 is fixed to the hub 13 by clamps 15 and 16. In the working position of the fence beam 9 are secured to the floor with clamps 17 (Fig. 4) along the entire length of the beam.

The device operates as follows.

Original position transforming device 2 at one of the end walls of the casing, while the horizontal beam 9 and all elements of the flexible blade 6 is located in the extreme upper position (Fig. 9). If necessary, divide the span by 2 required processing area self-propelled power design 5 is moved to the desired position in the span.

Upon reaching the desired position of the self-propelled power design 5 stops include the lowering of the drive 10 of the beam 9, the beam 9 is lowered until it touches the floor, and then fixed thereto by means of clamps 17 along the entire length.

When lowering the beams 9 of the sleeve 13 under the action of the weight of the sections 11 of the blade glide consequently, and horizontal cables with 8 sections 11 of the blade 6 to be placed on the vertical rope 7 with a certain step. This completes the installation of the fence 2 is finished.

Prior to the installation of fences span of the housing 1 is fully serviced by overhead cranes 3 and 4. Before installing fencing valves can be installed in the correct combination on any of the sites.

With the emergence of wind load section of the blade 11 are deflected from the vertical position, letting air flow

The economic effect from the use of the invention is realized in two directions: in the first case due to the transformation of the premises for any 2 (size) of the site; in the second case, by reducing the wind loads on the building structure, which is comparable, and in some cases exceed the load handling equipment.

Convertible fence mainly for industrial buildings and structures, including flexible leaf bearing horizontal and vertical wires with the lower horizontal beam, the drive of the lifting beams, characterized in that it is installed on self-propelled power design, having the ability to move along the entire Prokremlin top hinge side to the horizontal cables, the horizontal cables are connected to the vertical by means of sleeves which are interconnected by flexible connections, such as chains.

 

Same patents:

Protective grille // 2004751

The invention relates to the field of construction and can be used in the manufacture of the inner wall panels panel construction, a one-storey building, commercial buildings, industrial buildings and other structures

The invention relates to the construction and can be used to build connections walling clean rooms

Mounted partition // 2047709

Wall // 2004730

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the construction of buildings from sandwich panels and can be used in panel construction with enhanced requirements to the final product quality and terms of implementation. The method envisages that exterior wall panels of two types, partition panels, ceiling panels of two types, and roof panels are assembled, for each panel a frame is made, on which weather-proof and vapour-proof coating is sewn; voids between the coating and the frame are filled with insulation, the inner and outer finish are mounted, wherein the external wall panel of the first type and the partition panel are made with grooves with sloping walls at the frame butts, the external wall panel of the second type is made with grooves with sloping walls at the frame butts, as well as with milled studs along the short side of the inner side surface of the panel, the studs are made with sloping sides, the size of which corresponds to the size of the grooves at the butts of outer wall panels of the first type, the ceiling panels are made with milled studs along the perimeter of each side surface of the ceiling panel, wherein the ceiling panel of the first type is made with grooves on the butts, and the ceiling panel of the second type is made with studs on the butts; the building frame is mounted, for which purpose the ceiling slabs are laid on the finished basement with strapping loop, providing the snug fit of the ceiling panels to each other by means of groove-stud junctions, wherein the joints between the panels are secured with tapping screws; the exterior wall panels are installed with their followed fixing in the upright position, while the external coatng of the outer wall panels of the first and second types is made so that when installing the panels they are adjacent to each other, the junction point of external wall panels of the first and second type is tightened with tapping screws, and the steps in the installation of external wall panels and ceiling panels are repeated up to the complete mounting of the box, and the mounting of roof panels is carried out.

EFFECT: invention provides reducing the labour costs in the building erection and the terms of construction (from 2-3 days, as in the closest analogue, to 6-10 hours), as well as reducing heat losses and more snug fit of the panels to each other along the entire length of the joints even in the case of poor application or complete absence of the adhesive composition due to the use of a "stud and groove" junction of the zigzag structure at the panel joint.

27 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: system comprises, as a protective device, a metal lattice consisting of fencing elements in the form of two crossbars, at the ends of which through coaxial openings are made, and at least two vertical racks arranged between the crossbars and connected with them, with a distance therebetween of not more than 11 cm, and an installation kit. The installation kit includes four brackets, by means of which said lattice is installed from the outside of the window on the vertical surface of the window frame. Each bracket is represented by a three-dimensional piece made of a sheet workpiece, having a T- or L-shape in plan, the vertical and the horizontal elements of which are respectively the cantilever part and the support part of the bracket. On the edges of the support part, there are through openings for fixing screws, by means of which the bracket is fastened to the window frame. The longitudinal edges of the cantilever bracket part are bent each at the right angle away from the support part to form side flanges, each having at least one through opening coaxial to a similar through opening on the opposite side flange. In the cantilever bracket part, at least one through groove of the rectangular or circular shape is made, into which one end of the corresponding crossbar of the metal lattice is mounted and then fixed. Four plates are also included in the installation kit, that are mounted on the inside of the frame, with openings for the heads of fixing screws, by means of which said brackets are fastened to the window frame. Fixing elements are allso included in the installation kit, by means of mounting which through the through openings at the ends of the lattice crossbars the longitudinal movement of the lattice crossbar ends in said through grooves of the cantilever part of the brackets is limited.

EFFECT: increasing the reliability.

12 cl, 4 dwg

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