(57) Abstract:Usage: the invention relates to shipbuilding and for the construction of merchant ships with steel hulls, having at least one main ship engine. The invention consists in that the vessel containing steel case, located in one main ship engine associated with the propeller shaft and placed in the open top of the receiving space around the engine are auxiliary facilities, reception hall for main marine engine performed stepwise widening from the bottom up across the width and along the length of the hull, with a receiving space formed by the first, second and third groups stepwise arrangement of walls, height, length and width are multiples of the basic size, and auxiliary premises are located in a rectangular containers or frames, in the space of the receiving space for main marine engine, limited above by a stepped wall, and having a first size that is a multiple of the base size. 17 C. p. F.-ly, 45 ill. The invention relates to shipbuilding and for the construction of merchant ships with steel cor is Amee steel case, located in one main ship engine associated with the propeller shaft and placed in the open top of the receiving space surrounding the engine are auxiliary facilities. (FR, Abantwana application N 2196933 on French patent, 63 B B 11/00, published. 22.03.74 year).However, the construction of such a vessel marginal, dependent on weather conditions, construction work and a long time.The technical result from the implementation of the described invention is to increase the profitability of construction of the vessel, the reduction of the time and eliminate the dependence of the construction work on weather conditions.This technical result is achieved by the fact that the vessel, mainly commercial, containing a steel building, situated in one of the main ship engine associated with the propeller shaft and placed in the open top of the receiving space around the engine are auxiliary facilities, reception hall for main marine engine performed stepwise widening from the bottom up across the width and along the length of the hull, with a receiving space formed by the first, second and third groups stepped raspolozhenennyh containers or frames, in the space of the receiving space for main marine engine, limited to the above-mentioned stepped walls, and having a first size that is a multiple of the base size.In addition, the first size rectangular containers or frames equal to their height.Along with this, this ship each container or each frame of the container has a second size that is a multiple of the base size.In addition, such a ship each container or frame have a third size that is a multiple of the basic size, their height, length and width is a multiple of the base size.Along with this, such a vessel base size can be equal to 3 meters.In addition, such a vessel between sheathing his body and stepped spaced walls placed additional auxiliary facilities.Along with this, the width of the additional auxiliary facilities such vessel may be smaller than the base size.In addition, such a vessel ahead or behind the main ship engine locating matching containers or their frames, the first dimension of which coincides with the base.Along with this, this ship these containers and is to be their height.In addition, this ship these containers or frame may have a width corresponding to the width of the main ship engine, and greater in magnitude than the base size.Along with this, this ship these containers or frame may have a length corresponding to the length of the installation of the propeller shaft, and a value larger than the base size.In addition, such a vessel all containers or their frames, it is advisable to perform with the same height equal to the basic size, mostly 3 ft.Along with this, such a vessel rectangular base all containers or frames, in addition to matching containers or frames, can be performed with a short side equal to one basic size, mainly 3 meters, and with the long side equal to two basic sizes, mainly 6 meters.In addition, such a vessel speed spaced walls it is advisable to perform with lukovima openings.Along with this, this ship each container or frame can be made from the bottom part, the height of which is equal to 1/3 of the base size, and with the upper part, the height of which is about 2/3 of the base size.In addition, such a vessel between viscerally placement of devices or people pass.Along with this, this ship each container or frame can be performed with bearing predominantly tetrahedral vertical pipes placed with a pitch corresponding to the base size.In addition, such a vessel suitable all adjacent containers or their frames to interconnect vertically or with adjacent horizontal walls of those who are stepped through pin joints at the exact pair vertically.In Fig. 1 illustrates schematically a side view of the aft end of the hull described the vessel; Fig.2 scheme samotnik sections aft end of the hull described the vessel shown in Fig.1; Fig.3 -7 - schematic images of individual samotnik sections shown in Fig.2, with the graphic image of stepped sections spaced walls inside the described vessel; Fig.8 scheme of the cross sections for the four water-lines aft end of the hull shown in Fig.1 and 2; Fig.9 is a schematic image of a separate section on the waterline aft end, shown in Fig.8, at the level of the double bottom, and Fig.10 is the same, at the level of the lower platform of the aft end of the hull described the 12 16 the same schematic images of individual samotnik sections, which are shown in Fig.3 -7, but with the image of the main ship engine and containers or frames placed around the engine; Fig.17 is a schematic cross-section at the level of the double bottom waterline aft end of the hull described the vessel, but with indication of the main ship engine and its surrounding containers or frames; Fig. 18 the same, at the level of the lower platform of the aft end of the hull described the vessel; Fig.19 the same, at the level of the upper platform; Fig.20 the same section of the body vessel described on the frame, as in Fig.3, but depicting hatch openings; Fig.21 the same section of the aft end of the hull vessel described at the level of the lower platform, as that shown in Fig.10, but with iibraries the location of the hatch openings; Fig.22 side view of the frame of a standard container made according to the described invention, and Fig. 23 top view this frame of Fig.24 end view on this frame, and Fig.25 side view of a frame matching container made according to the present invention; Fig.26 side view of a frame matching the container of Fig.27 is a top view of a rectangular frame with a jumper that is used for construction of accommodation, food, short link above this last frame; in Fig.30 is a side view of the end sections jumper, shown in Fig.28 and 29, Fig.31 is a top view of installed four rectangular container on the base supports pin connections, which are placed on the horizontal wall of the stage corps described the vessel; Fig.32 side view of the base support 4 pin connections; Fig.33 is a top view of such support with four pin connections; Fig.34 side view of the base support 2-pin connections; Fig.35 is a top view of the support shown in Fig.34, Fig.36 vertical incision pin connection tetrahedral two pipes are installed at each other containers; Fig.37 the same as that shown in Fig.22, but with the image of the remote control boat and designated route cables; Fig.38 is a top view of the frame of a standard container with a picture of the remote control boat and designated route cables; Fig.39 end view on this frame with a picture of the remote control boat and designated route cables; Fig.40 side view of the matching of the container with the expanded area agreement and the plan of the pumps and channel for delivery of sea water; Fig.41 top view matching container with a pump for supplying sea water; Fig. 4 is top of the other matching container; in Fig. 43 side two mounted on each other matching containers with built-in megalania ladders; Fig.44 top view matching containers with megalania ladders; Fig.45 - end view on these matching containers with megalobrama ladders.In Fig.1, 2 and 8 in the aft part of the steel hull 12 mainly commercial, shows the main engine 11 is installed behind a propeller shaft 27. In the longitudinal direction of the ship shows the individual frames from 0 to 37. In Fig.1 shows the basic plane 42, the double bottom 43, the lower deck 44 and located above the bottom platform 45, the upper platform 46 and the main (upper) deck 47.In Fig.3 7 shows a cross section on frames, 37, 22, 6, 22, 15, or 11.In the area of these frames is the aft part of the hull 12 from location 20 of the engine room that is free from bulkheads and decks and extends upward steps using a stepwise arrangement of the walls, or step performed according to the drawings of Fig.9 11, tapering from front to back. In the drawings, Fig.9 11 shows a horizontal cross-section through a water-lines aft of the hull 12 at the level of the double bottom 43, the lower platform 45 and the upper boards/P> On the basis of the building, visible in Fig.3 to 7 and 9 to 11, the space 20 for main marine engine 11 is formed of first, second and third groups stepwise arrangement 14 horizontal, vertical longitudinal 15 and the vertical transverse walls 16. The longitudinal direction of the ship everywhere shows the number 13.In Fig.1 and 12, 19, additionally it is shown in Fig. 3 to 7 and 9 to 11 containers 17, 21 or 25 shows the containers indoors 20, and the dimensions of the stepped walls 14, 15, 16 and containers 17, 21, 25 are defined as follows.Shows the standard containers 17 according to Fig.18, 19 are rectangular in cross-section in plan with short side 23 and the long side 24. The length of the short side 23 is 3 m, and the long side 6 mVertical clearance of 48 standard containers 17 which is 3 m in Fig. 16 12 also defines a base measuring 3 meters in force in the horizontal direction. As can be understood from the drawings in Fig. 12 19, the walls 14, 15, 16 in the area adjacent to the main engine 11 is located so close to the main engine 11 can be placed one or two standard container 17. Length, width and height of the stepped walls 14, 15, 16 are also consistent with the specified base size. With precisely what Asom be attached to the hull 12.According to the drawings of Fig.1 and 17 to 19 in front of the main ship engine 11 on each other put two matching container 21, which in the longitudinal direction of the vessel 12 and height correspond to the basic size, i.e., in these areas, their size is equal to 3 m In the transverse direction, however, according to the drawings of Fig.17 19 average part is elongated in the transverse direction of the vessel to thereby fill the space in the engine compartment between the engine 11 and the front bulkhead of the engine room 49. On both sides next to the middle area approval 22 contains two cubic volume 17 with a size of 3 mThree are located one above the other matching container 21 are made identical and mounted one above the other in the vertical direction.Behind the engine 11, as shown in Fig.18, between the lower deck 44 and the next lower platform 45 posted by another matching container 25', width equal to the width of the engine 11, the length of which is approximately equal to the length of the installation of the propeller shaft 27 with CP propeller, and the height of which corresponds to the base rate of 3 mBetween the lower platform 45 and the upper platform pravlenie 13 of the vessel and in the vertical direction correspond to the dimensions of the matching container 25' on the drawing in Fig.18, which, however, in the transverse direction of the vessel is 3 m large sizes in each direction, so that according to the drawing of Fig.19 it is precisely included in the base amount determined by the width of the main engine 11 and the standard of the container 17.In matching containers 25, 25' in the base size is only the vertical dimension, whereas the width of the matching containers consistent with the width of the engine 11, and the length of the matching container with the unit length of the propeller shaft 27 with CP propeller.As clearly shown by the drawings in Fig.12 19, the entire volume is near, in front of and behind the engine 11 is completely filled with standard containers 17 and matching containers 21, 26, 25'.According to the drawing of Fig.1, the distance between the lower deck 44 and the lower platform 45, and then between the upper and lower 45 46 platforms, as well as between the upper platform 46 and the main deck 47 sustained in base size, i.e. 3 mIn the drawings, Fig.20 and 21, respectively shows a cross section through the frame 37 and the horizontal line at the level of the lower platform 45, similar to Fig. 3 and 10, and additionally shows the hatch openings 28 in the walls 14, 15. The apertures 28 preferably have dimensions of the hatch, and in the embedded containi etc. (not shown).Through the openings 28 of the available volume between the space 20 and the outer casing of the vessel 19. By placing, for example, tanks or locations, this part of the hull 12 of the vessel can be used as a useful auxiliary spaces 18 between which and the containers 17, 21, 25 openings 28 serve as a means of communication.Behind space 20 in the drawing of Fig.9 and behind the container 21 in the drawing of Fig. 17 on both sides can be built in standard containers, in which the vertical base bearing rear outside may not have to obtain approval from tapering towards the rear housing of the described vessel.The construction of the vessel described according to the drawings of Fig.1 21 as follows.At that time, when the hull of the vessel with the shape of the contours shown on the drawings Fig. 1 11, built on the shipyard slipway, in parallel, in special workshops are made intended for installation in the premises of the 20 elements, such as main engine 11, the installation of the propeller shaft 27 with the propeller shaft and the containers 17, 21, 25, 25' are contained within the equipment.After fabrication of the hull first then mount the main container 17, as well as matching containers 21, 25 or 25'. If necessary, before that several containers, for example, the matching container 21 shown in the drawing Fig.1, are collected in a bundle, and then put together in the case.After installing all the nodes in the space 20 make electrical, hydraulic and other connections between individual nodes, and produce their support accordingly.Finally, the top case installed add-ins, which in the drawings Fig. 12 16 shown only schematically, in the form of a plate 50. Through provided before the bulkhead 49 engine shaft 58 (Fig.17 19) can be performed the required connection between the add-on and the engine room.In Fig. 22 24 shows the preferred construction of the frame of the standard container 17 according to the described invention. It is installed in the base rate of 3 m four square vertical pipe 33 square cross section, the height of which corresponds to the baseline rate of 3 m, and which have a cross-section of 0.2 m x 0.2 mAt about 1/3 from the bottom along the vertical pipe 33 provided with horizontal rectangular frame 31, which has a size of 3 x 6 m and in the middle is tabulirovanie, inside of which can be set all the desired equipment.Due to the rectangular frame 31 and transverse crosspieces 51 standard frame of the container 17 is divided into the lower part 29 and the upper portion 30. The upper portion 30 has a height of about 2 m, and it can stay and move people. The lower portion 29 is primarily intended for laying tracks cables, pipelines, machinery, etc.In Fig. 25 and 26 when the same species, as in Fig.22, 23 shown matching containers 21, the width of which in contrast to their performance according to the drawings of Fig.1 19 is narrower than the extreme value of the underlying dimensions. Next frame standard container 17 in Fig.26 shown with two spaced along the length of the matching portion 22 of the transverse ridges 52.The height of the square tube 33 is 3 m and the containers shown in the drawings, Fig.25, 26.Fig. 27 is a view of the frame of the standard container 17, similar to that shown in Fig. 23, and described according to the invention at the level of the rectangular frame 31 and transverse crosspieces 51 built bottom structure 32, which is their base jumpers 53 3 m long and polubesova jumper 54 length of 1.5 m, which according to the drawings of Fig.28 30 you what unit frame 31, transverse crosspieces 51 or long jumpers 53 and there are fastened, for example, with screws type "Pekoe" ("Peko").In Fig. 31 when viewed from above, shows the approximate location of multiple base supports 34 on the horizontal stepped wall 14. According to the drawings of Fig. 32, 33 each base support consists of a cruciform base 65, which is a square plate, which forms four, parallel to the bottom wall 14 of the plate elements 35, from the middle of which stands up mounting pin 56 pin connection.Square pipe 36 on the lower side and the upper square pipe 33, shown in Fig.36 so that the hole 56' lower end plate 56, they can be worn on a vertical pin 56 and thus, when pin connection perfectly ostrovacice relative to the wall 14 of the stage.According Fig. 31 in total five rectangular standard containers 17, closely adjacent to each other, can stand on the provided base supports 34.In the area of the wall of the hopper 36, the base 65 of the base support 34 may consist only of the two adjacent connecting elements 35 with two connecting pins 56 pin joints at the corners of the grid BA is 33, through vertical holes 56' may be worn on the trunnion 56 of the pin connections of the base 55, according to Fig. 36, and two square pipe 33 may be connected with each other due to the fact that in them the same holes 56' is pin 56 pin connection, which is first hammered into the hole 56' of the upper end plate 56, and then on top of the pin is slipped his hole 56' of the end plate 56".According Fig.37 39 standard container 17 is running 37 remote control ship over a rectangular frame 31. Available before 37 remote place 57 is conveniently available to the operator, he can walk. Place before 37 remote from the bottom can have the panel 59 as sex. Under the rectangular frame 31 is provided in 38 to route cables, wires, etc.In Fig. 40 42 shows the matching container 21 with an average matching region 22 and two side cubic compartments 17', performed according to the mesh base supports. At the top are the pumps 39 for supplying sea water, and under the rectangular frame 31 are route cables and among other things, the channel 40 for supplying sea water.In Fig. 42 shows a diagram of stacking (installation on each other) dumidu two, installed at each other frames of standard containers 17. Thus becoming accessible to people of containers arranged one above the other at different levels. 1. The vessel, mainly commercial, containing steel body located therein at least one main ship engine associated with the propeller shaft and placed in the open top of the receiving space surrounding the engine are auxiliary facilities, characterized in that the receiving space for main marine engine performed stepwise widening from the bottom up across the width and along the length of the hull, with a receiving space formed by the first, second and third groups stepwise arrangement of walls, height, length and width are multiples of the basic size, and auxiliary premises are located in a rectangular containers or frames, in the space of the receiving space for main marine engine, limited to the above-mentioned stepped walls, and having at least a first size that is a multiple of the base size.2. Vessel under item 1, wherein the first size of a rectangular containers or frames equal to their height.3. the th base size.4. Vessel under item 3, characterized in that each container or frame having a third size that is a multiple of the basic size, their height, length and width is a multiple of the base size.5. The ship is on PP.1 to 4, characterized in that the base size is 3 m6. The ship is on PP.1 to 5, characterized in that between the plating of the hull and stepped spaced walls placed additional auxiliary facilities.7. Vessel under item 6, characterized in that the width of the additional auxiliary premises is less than the base size.8. The ship is on PP.1 to 7, characterized in that the front and/or behind the main ship engine are matching containers or their frames, the first dimension of which coincides with the base.9. Vessel under item 8, characterized in that the containers or their frames have a second size that is coincident with the base, and the first or the second dimension is the height.10. The ship is on PP.8 and 9, characterized in that the containers or their frames have a width corresponding to the width of the main ship engine, and greater in magnitude than the base size.11. The ship is on PP.8 and 9, characterized in that the containers or their frames have a length corresponding to the seesa fact, all containers or frames made of the same height equal to the basic size, mainly 3 m13. The ship is on PP.1 to 7, characterized in that the rectangular base of all containers or frames, in addition to matching containers or frames, made with a short side equal to one basic size, mainly 3 m, and with the long side equal to two basic sizes, mainly 6 meters14. The ship is on PP. 1 to 13, characterized in that the step located walls are made with lukovima openings.15. The ship is on PP.1 to 14, characterized in that each container or the frame is made with the bottom part, the height of which is equal to 1/3 of the base size, and with the upper part, the height of which is about 2/3 of the base size.16. Vessel under item 15, characterized in that between the above-mentioned parts of each container or frame mounted rectangular frame for the design of the placement of devices or people pass.17. The ship is on PP. 1 to 16, characterized in that each container or the frame is made with bearing predominantly tetrahedral vertical pipes placed with a pitch corresponding to the base size.18. The ship is on PP.1 to 17, characterized tentecle of those which are stepped through pin joints at the exact pair vertically.
FIELD: shipbuilding; building of marine craft equipped with group of ballast tanks and designed for transportation of cargoes on deck.
SUBSTANCE: marine craft has pressure hull with group of ballast tanks equipped with ballast system with tubes for filling the tanks and vent tubes. At least one group of ballast tanks is equipped with common vent-overflow manifold mounted inside said tank above waterline. Manifold is provided with vent and overflow branch pipes. Each tank is provided with at least one such branch pipe whose open end is located under tank top. Each end section of manifold is provided with vent tube for admitting and evacuating air and at least one discharge outboard pipe line fitted with check valve. Vent tube of said end section of manifold may be connected directly to manifold and may be mounted on ballast tank top. It is good practice to equip vent-overflow branch pipes of manifolds located in zone of assumed damage of craft with automatic units to exclude admission of water from common vent-overflow manifold to tanks.
EFFECT: increased productivity; enhanced safety of cargo handling operations at absence of blockage of weather deck.
4 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: shipbuilding; multi-purpose dry cargo vessels for carrying cargoes in water areas covered with ice and not covered with ice.
SUBSTANCE: proposed multi-purpose dry cargo vessel has hull with fore and aft extremities and sides provided with ice strengthening members. Hull bottom in aft extremity has inclined surface. Extent of cargo holds is no less than half length of vessel and maximum breadth is no less than ¾ of ship's extreme breadth. Main propulsion plant with propulsor is swivel in construction. Slewing axis of main propulsion plant is deflected at angle α from vertical in CL or in plane parallel to CL. Axis of thrust vector is also inclined at angle α from normal relative to slewing axis of main propulsion plant. Angle satisfies condition 0<α≤β/2, where β is angle whose magnitude is equal to magnitude of average angle of inclination of ship's bottom surface in aft extremity relative to ship's waterplane on inclined section of bottom located below level of point of intersection of main propulsion plant slewing axis with propulsor thrust vector axis.
EFFECT: reduced usage of material; enhanced survivability and durability of vessel.
15 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building, particularly to marine industry. Ship 20 has one or more tanks 21 for transportation of liquids that are vertically installed in ship hull. Tanks have axial and peripheral directions, bottom 22, peripheral wall 25 and cover 23. Tank bottom rests on ship hull lower deck or makes a part of it. Tank peripheral wall has its top and bottom ends suspended between upper and lower decks by deformable strain compensators 26. The latter can compensate for strain between ship hull and tank peripheral wall in at least axial direction. At least lower strain compensator runs axially along, in fact, the tank peripheral wall circumference. At least lower strain compensator makes a part of tank wall and is located between tank peripheral wall and bottom thus making a sealing joint there between.
EFFECT: higher strength, tank wall strain compensation.
25 cl, 21 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to converters of engine or other energy source work into that driving transport facilities. Screw propulsor comprises housing composed of hollow cylindrical multistart helical jacket. Said jacket is arranged along the vehicle body edges to revolve thereabout. Said housing represents a multistart helical surface arranged along its edges with helical grooves inside and outside at 5 to 45 degrees to jacket lengthwise axis and shaped to birecurvate recesses. Centers of curvature of said recesses are located inside and outside jacket cross-section. Jacket is composed of equal-width one or more tapes coiled in helical turns interconnected by lengthwise edges. Said tapes are bent in zigzag manner along flexure lines arranged at angle to lengthwise edges. Said tapes form, along outer and inner surfaces, wavy helical surfaces shaped to curved recesses directed to one side at 5 to 45 degrees to jacket lengthwise axis. Said recesses may differ in both shape and size. Distance between flexure lines equal the sum of lengths of perimeters of geometrical figures of inner and outer surface recesses.
EFFECT: expanded operating performances.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building, particularly, to construction of floating fueling station with fuel tank built in the hull. Proposed station has pontoon-type hull with lengthwise sides and desk, transverse bulkheads to divided hull inner space into compartments, at least, one two-wall fuel tank arranged inside the compartment along hull sides at preset distance therefrom. Said tank comprises inner and outer lengthwise and crosswise walls, and top and bottom walls. At least, lengthwise walls are shaped to rectangle. Note here that tank outer lateral crosswise walls are formed by compartment bulkheads while its top outer walls if composed by the deck. Method of station construction consists in that tank inner walls are mounted first before fitting it into station hull. Then, rectangular lengthwise outer walls and outer bottom are mounted. Tank is fitted into hull compartment and tightly jointed with crosswise bulkheads and deck to make tank outer crosswise and top outer walls.
EFFECT: increased pay volume, lower metal input, simplified assembly.
16 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to waterborne craft, particularly, to liquid cargo vessels. Proposed liquid cargo vessel includes hull which at distance from forward to after cofferdam is divided by transverse bulkheads, inner bottom and inner boards into symmetrically positioned on either side of longitudinal bulkhead in two rows watertight compartments of cargo tanks under which ballast compartments are located between hull bottom and inner bottom which compartments are separated by watertight transverse bulkheads, between boards and inner boards are also ballast compartments. Longitudinal bulkhead located along the whole length from head to stern of hull is made watertight and fireproof. Behind the after cofferdam in the hull, diesel-generator set is installed in machine space and three cargo pumps are installed in pumping room.
EFFECT: increased freight space, improved hull tightness, higher environmental safety of vessel, reduced losses of oil products being transported.
3 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building, particularly to compressed gas transfer by sea transport. Proposed ship for transportation of compressed gas, which hull is divided into cells with vertical guides, at least one bulkhead in which is water and gas tight, unified containers with horizontal vessels for compressed gas are installed on each other in guides, which are connected with ship system of compressed gas transfer, wherein ship hull is divided into cells so that in area of at least one cell limiting bulkhead distance is provided from 0.8 to 2 m and compressed gas distribution headers, pipelines with shutoff valves, compressor, and emergency control devices are located in this space.
EFFECT: technical result consists in enhanced performances for transportation of compressed gas vessel, expansion of its functional capabilities.
12 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship power plants and can be used for supply of fuel gas. Ship fuel gas supply system comprises engine, creating propulsion force, using fuel gas. Fuel gas, intended for supply into engine, is stored in fuel gas reservoir. Engine is installed in engine room, located at ship’s aft. Fuel gas reservoir is arranged in ship longitudinal direction.
EFFECT: enabling possibility of ship space efficient use with minimum length of fuel gas supply line.
30 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: trimaran type ship with outriggers-energy modules, consisting of the main body, two lateral buoyancy - outriggers and underwater bridges connecting them with the body is proposed. The whole energy plant of the ship is taken out of the hull into outriggers and bridges. This provides the formation of an extended tunnel in the hull, adapted for entering a floating craft into it through a cutout in the hull transom.
EFFECT: basing of relatively large floating crafts on a relatively small vessel without lifting them on the ship and without a bulky lifting device.
4 cl; 3 dwg