System marine engineering, interacting in the open sea
(57) Abstract:Usage: shipbuilding, in particular the maintenance of submersible surface vessel. The inventive system marine engineering, interacting in the open sea, includes received and serving vessels and controls the interaction between the vessels containing the tripping device includes a load frame attached to accept the vessel can be rotated around the axis of the mounting frame. When communicating vessels NOC power frame after positioning of ships captured castles, fortified to stop the device on a mobile platform, which moves along rails on the technician ship. Take the boat with the rope to pull up get in mirrortree space of the receiving vessel (catamaran) and by moving the platform taking on Board. Due to this construction tripping device operation towing, mooring and recovery of the vessel shall be performed by one working body. As a serving vessel can be used tonnage. 6 C.p. f-crystals, 15 ill. The invention relates to the field of shipbuilding, namely systems is deystviya vessels and management and can be used, for example, when servicing underwater vehicle surface vessel catamaran base type.A known system of marine engineering, interacting in the open sea, including the accepted vessel serving vessel and means to control the interaction of these vessels, and it is tripping the system for security-based deep-water apparatus "Pausis" (weight of 7.5 tons, Canada). Tripping the system contains installed in the aft end of the serving vessel retractable gantry crane, a support which is mounted on rollers moving along the rails, and which has a rigid boom lifting mechanism of the cargo and the rope passed through the terminal block of the crane  the Rise of the accepted vessel is on the same rope with stretch marks, compensating for the fluctuations of the load.A disadvantage of the known system is the impossibility of its application for a small ratio of the displacements of the operating and accept vessels.A known system of marine engineering, interacting in the open sea, containing the accepted vessel serving vessel, and means for controlling communication between ships at sea, including A and device astropulse, and the movable platform 
This system is chosen for the closest analogue of the invention.A disadvantage of the known system is the impossibility of its application for a small ratio of the displacements of the operating and accept the vessel.The technical result of the invention consists in the extension of its application to vessels with a small ratio of displacements and improve operational performance by combining functions towing, mooring and customtheme in a single execution node with further simplification of the system as a whole.It is achieved by the fact that in the known system, marine engineering, interacting in the open sea, containing the accepted vessel serving vessel and means for controlling communication between ships at sea, including placed on the technician vessel lifting device equipped with a winch, rope pull and device astropulse, and the movable platform, the lifting device is equipped with a load-bearing frame that is installed on the incoming vessel between the midsection and the nose can be rotated around the axis of the mounting and the mobile platform is equipped with a locking device, and mounted for movement along the hull, during this stroke of the movable platform on the technician vessel is not less than the length of the accepted vessel.In addition, the serving vessel is made in the form of a catamaran.In addition, the power frame pivotally connected to the frame of the accepted vessel.In addition, the power frame equipped with a towing rod, reinforced hinge on the NOC frame.In addition, take a vessel provided with means for fastening travelling power frame.Furthermore, the said movable platform mounted for movement on the rails, which are mounted on a serving vessel.In addition, the centering unit is designed with an opening for entry of the rope to pull the boat.The invention is illustrated in Fig. 1 to 15, reflecting the design and various technological features of the interaction of vessels provided by the invention. So, in Fig. 1 presents a top view (view of the Assembly system (accept and support vessels), and Fig. 2 is a kinematic diagram of the mechanisms of maintenance of the vessel (stern view); Fig. 3 a fragment of the maintenance of the vessel (platform in the stern), and Fig. 4 accept the vessel; Fig. 5 platform on the technician is on (to the platform); in Fig. 8 tightening accept the vessel with a fortified it tow rope under cargo capture maintenance of the vessel; Fig. 9 the trajectory of the controlled transfer accept the ship and climb on Board the service vessel; Fig. 10 - position take a boat on the water (cross section b-B in Fig. 9); Fig. 11 the position taken ship travelling (cross section b-B in Fig. 9); Fig. 12 the position of the elements of the lifting device when coupled courts in the beginning of the climb take the vessel from the water surface, and Fig. 13 is an intermediate position of the elements of the lifting device when the lifting accept the vessel on Board maintenance; Fig. 14 position travelling when lifting accept the vessel on Board the service vessel; Fig. 15 unfastening accept a vessel travelling on Board the service vessel.The system contains taken the ship underwater vehicle 1 (Fig. 1, 4, 7 and 15) and serving vessel catamaran 2 (Fig. 1 3, 7 11, 15), mounted on the vessel 1 power frame 3 (Fig. 4, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12 14), which hinges 4 (Fig. 4, 12 and 14) are connected with the nasal part of the accepted vessel 1. The vessel 1 is equipped with means for fastening travelling (not shown) of the power frame 3. The NOC to NOC symmetrically to the median plane of the accepted vessel 1 and performs the function of limiting the stroke of the NOC and the designation of interaction with locks. The NOC also posted the tow rod (Fig. 4, 6), pivotally attached to the NOC in the middle. Accept the vessel 1 is equipped with a heaving line 7 (Fig. 4, 5, 6) placed in the enclosure 8 (Fig. 1, 4) entrance hatch. Accept the vessel 1 is also equipped with a lifting device in the form of a lifting rod 9 (Fig. 1, 12), the guide wire 10 (Fig. 2, 12) of the stock, fixtures, travelling 11 (Fig. 11, 15).Serving vessel 2 equipped with standard mooring and towing device (not shown) and supplied with a movable platform 12 (Fig. 2, 3, 5, 7 14), installed with the possibility of longitudinal movement along the hull. On the platform 12 posted by centering the site 13 (Fig. 2, 5, 12 14) for positioning the accepted vessel 1 attached to this node locks 14 (Fig. 2, 5, 12 14) for engagement elements 5 of the frame 3, thus centering the node 13 is made with a hole for the input of the rope to pull up (tow rope). Centering the node 13 with locks 14 form a locking device, which at the moment of capture castles of NOC power frame captures the mutual locations of the vessels 1 and 2. In connection with swivel mount power frame to the body accept the vessel, the connection elements 5 on the power rack with locks 14 are also made sharnirnyy (tow rope) 17 (Fig. 2, 5, 6 8), having a driving end of the grip 18 (Fig. 2, 5, 6, 7, 12) and the indigenous end secured to the towing winch Assembly 19 (Fig. 2).The platform 12 when moving along the ship's side moves along rails 20 (Fig. 3) drive 21 (Fig. 2). The vessel 2 is also equipped with a tripping device comprising a cargo cable 22 (Fig. 2, 9, 11 and 14) with capture 23 (Fig. 2, 12 and 14) on the carrier end, and with the indigenous end fixed to the cargo winch 24 (Fig. 2, 11), and the winch 25 (Fig. 2) the guide wire 10.Serving vessel 2, in addition, equipped with fasteners travelling 26 (Fig. 11, 15) and a rubber boat (not shown).The system works as follows.Acceptance of the vessel 1 to vessel 2 in the open sea is divided into five sequential operations.1. Transfer to accept the vessel 1 and mount it to the rope to pull up (tow rope) 17 serving vessel 2 (Fig. 1 6, 8).Accept the vessel 1 is drifting from the vessel 2 to leeward. The pilot of the vessel 1 from the fence 8 passes the entrance hatch on Board the vessel 2 throwing Lin 7. The crew of the vessel 2 attaches to the Lin 7 rope pullups (tow rope) 17, which is then etched overboard through Klyashtorny Lin tow rope 17 with grip 18 on the carrier end puts the grip 18 of the tow cable 17 on the rod 6 power frame 3 of the vessel 1 mounted on the roof of the fence 8 (fastening travelling not shown), and instructs the frame 3, which takes place on the hinges 4 in position for towing.2. The howling of the vessel 1 between the hulls of the vessel 2 gripper 23 trip device (Fig. 2, 3, 7 10).The vessel 2 has little move forward, turning his nose to the wind and stern to drifting in tow vessel 1. Winch 19 selects the tow rope 17, tightening the vessel 1 for the load frame 3 to an extended actuator 21 on the rails 20 to the stern of the vessel 2, the platform 12 to the docking frame 3 with a locking device platform 12.Retainer centering hub 13 with locks 14, to come into contact with the NOC power frame 3 of the vessel 1, stoparic vessel 1, automatically limiting the movement and rotation of the vessel 1 in the horizontal and transverse planes. The platform 12 moves by operation of the actuator 21 between the sides of the buildings in the direction of the midsection of the vessel 2, tows the vessel 1 under the grip 23 of the tripping device of the vessel 2, allowing the vessel 1 to move and to rotate only in its longitudinal plane. The slack in the tow rope 17 is selected by the winch 19.3. Docking is 1 of fencing 8 passes on Board the vessel 2 running end of the guide wire 10 of the vessel 1. The crew of the vessel 2 passes the guide wire 10 by grasping 23 tripping device, secures the cable 10 on the winch 25 and, picking up the slack, pulls it. The grip 23 of the cargo rope 22 tripping device for guiding the cable 10 is lowered by the lifting rod 9 of the vessel 1 to the automatic fastening.4. Lifting vessel 1 tripping device with water on Board the vessel 2 (Fig. 2, 8, 9, 11, 13, 14).The winch 24 tripping device, selecting a freight rope 22, raises the vessel 1 by the grip 23 to the provisions of travelling. Retainer platform 12 when lifting restrains movement of the vessel 1 in the horizontal and transverse planes.5. The loaded vessel 1 on Board 2 travelling and bringing all the onboard devices in the initial state (Fig. 2, 11, 15).The crew of the vessel 2 secures the vessel 1 travelling with fasteners 11, 26, otstativaet cargo capture 23 tripping device and the grip 18 of the tow rope 17, dismounts and puts on a vessel 1 guide wire 10. Lists all the onboard devices of the vessel 2 to the original position.During the descent of the vessel 1 from Board service vessel 2 on the water all five of the above operations are repeated in 1 with locks 14 of the locking device platform 12 of the vessel 2, as articulated occurs and exists only in a part of the travel of the platform 12 along the vessel 2 and the lifting-lowering of the vessel 1 with tripping devices of the vessel 2 for the containment vessel 1 during rolling.In emergency situations, when the pilot of the vessel 1 can't go in the enclosure 8, the first and third operations are performed by the crew of the vessel 2, there may be used a rubber boat from the vessel 2. 1. System marine engineering, interacting in the open sea, containing the accepted vessel serving vessel and means for controlling communication between ships at sea, including placed on the technician boat trip device, equipped with a winch, rope pull and device astropulse, and the movable platform, wherein said trip device is equipped with a load-bearing frame that is installed on the incoming vessel between the midsection and the nose can be rotated around the axis of the mounting and the mobile platform is equipped with a locking device that contains a centering unit for positioning take the ship and castles to capture NOC power frame, and mounted for movement along the body aircraft is tx2">2. The system under item 1, characterized in that the serving vessel is made in the form of a catamaran.3. The system under item 1, characterized in that the power frame pivotally connected to the frame of the accepted vessel.4. The system under item 1, characterized in that the power frame is equipped with a towing rod, reinforced hinge on the NOC frame.5. The system under item 1, characterized in that the accepted vessel provided with means for fastening travelling power frame.6. The system under item 1, characterized in that the said movable platform mounted for movement on the rails, which are mounted on a serving vessel.7. The system under item 1, characterized in that the centering unit is designed with an opening for entry of the rope to pull up the accepted vessel.
FIELD: shipbuilding; methods of connecting the ships.
SUBSTANCE: for connection of ships, mainly connection of self-propelled tug with barge, one connecting half on one ship is coupled with mutually-completing connecting half on other ship. Connecting half performs motion corresponding to motion of mutually-completing half when force is applied towards mutually-completing half; thus, movable connecting half is amenable to action of contact force between connecting halves. Later force of limited magnitude is applied to movable connecting half and is changed in anti-phase at mutual motion of ships and is increased till relative motion of ships is reduced to permissible magnitude or possible to zero.
EFFECT: possibility of connecting ships under swell conditions.
4 cl, 16 dwg
FIELD: transport facilities; motion of submerged bodies.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method of motion of submerged body is based on use of container held with rope in water medium. For motion of submerged body, use is made of internal space of container. Point of capture of container by rope is so selected that it is shifted forward from point corresponding to condition when container held at this point does not give rise to moment of reaction force of medium. Translational motion of container is excited by action of resultant force of controlled tension of control rope and force of reaction of medium. Device proposed for realization of this method is provided with container held by rope in water medium and cargo compartment for placing the submerged body. Container is made in form of wing with external hydrodynamically streamlined shapes and heavable rope is secured at point of capture of container located at distance of δ=0.29·l, where l is width of container from point corresponding to arising of maximum drag and zero moment of force of reaction of medium over center longitudinal line of geometric symmetry of container towards its translational motion.
EFFECT: improved service characteristics.
3 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: rigging; devices for securing rigging on board ships.
SUBSTANCE: proposed lock has base mounted on datum surface by means of swivel unit and spring-loaded latch which is also mounted on datum base. Besides that, two spring-loaded eccentrics fitted on axles, stops and clamp are mounted on this base.
EFFECT: enhanced safety ; free casting-off of rope at considerable tractive force.
FIELD: the invention refers to shipbuilding namely to towing arrangements.
SUBSTANCE: the arrangement for towing has a rod, a rod's grip, a bridle, a shackle, a pendant, a limiter with a horse iron and a towing rope. The mode of towing of an utilized submarine is in that part of the superstructure of the submarine in its end is cut off and a limiter and an inclined plane are installed. The towing bridle of the rods' grips is conducted under the superstructure, rounded around the limiter and is connected with the aid of the shackle with the pendant on the deck of the superstructure. The eye of the pendant is connected with the towing rope and the shackle is drawn out through the horse iron forming a towing line.
EFFECT: increases comfort of winding up the towing line, improves maneuverability of the towed submarine and provides reliability of towing.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: sea transport.
SUBSTANCE: according to proposed method iceberg is chosen in flight to estimate mass and dimensions characteristics of iceberg and them is landed onto iceberg to determine control points of anchor wells with anchor devices into which said devices are fitted. Cables are fastened to couplers of anchor devices connecting them with aerostat-and-sail system prepared for transportation of iceberg to place of destination by filling aerostats with light gas to bring sail system in raised state. Course of iceberg travel is maintained by remote control of sail system provided from escort ship. At arrival of iceberg at place of destination in continental part of tropic of Cancer or Tropic of Capricorn iceberg is cut into transportable parts deliver to platforms where thermal conditions of surrounding medium change phase state of solid iceberg into drinking water which is then transported under pressure by pump system along pipeline laid in continental part of shelf to consumers on continent.
EFFECT: accelerated transportation of ice to place of destination for use as source of ecologically clean drinking water.
4 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: floating implements; bank and bottom supports for securing the floating structures.
SUBSTANCE: proposed collapsible anchor has cone, swivel palms and shank. Shank is made in form of collapsible palms shifted in horizontal plane relative to swivel palms.
EFFECT: increased holding power of anchor.
FIELD: technological for determining resistance of composition of objects (mainly of the same type) relatively to environment, in which and relatively to which the object is moving, in particular for determining rafting of watercrafts, vessels, etc during movement on the water.
SUBSTANCE: for realization of method, fields are built (graphical and analytical) of rafting coefficients for various objects (to which end already known data may be used). During building of rafting coefficient KR, additional value is used. Construction of rafting coefficients field is performed in coordinates KR and 1/n, i.e. given field is composed of relationships like KR=f(1/n), where n - number of units in composition. Further, into rafting coefficients field the data are recorded for at least two-three members in the raft along length and on basis of synchronization with the rest of the field, relationship is completed for required number of members.
EFFECT: minimized costs of data acquisition.
8 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: underwater technology; inhabitable self-propelled or towed submersible vehicles.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device intended for separation and folding of extensible horizontal and vertical panels of moving submersible vehicle includes power mechanism for two-sided power action on extension mechanism which sets in motion panels connected with it and secured to hull of vehicle by means of axles; vehicle is turnable around its axles. Extension and power mechanisms ensure automatic turn of folded panels when towing speed of submersible vehicle exceeds threshold magnitude and folding of separated panels when towing speed is below threshold magnitude. Power mechanism may use energy of incoming water velocity head; it may be also provided with electric drive and worm pair.
EFFECT: reduced sizes; compactness of submersible vehicle.
3 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: shipboard gears; laying and heaving-in towed antenna cables by submarine vessels.
SUBSTANCE: proposed gear has manual winch with antenna cable, stuffing box with cutoff valve and cable machine with frame; mounted on this frame is grip unit with roller holders and toothed belts fitted on smooth pulleys and engageable with toothed belts connected with drive for motion of antenna cable. One roller holder of cable machine is made in form of hollow body filled with hydraulic medium; pushers with hold-down rollers are mounted in holes of walls of housing.
EFFECT: enhanced operational reliability.
FIELD: bottom supports for holding smaller vessels in water basins.
SUBSTANCE: proposed collapsible anchor has shank and cross-piece with palms mounted on it. Cross-piece is made from rectangular plate with through hole in center. Shank made in form of hollow cylinder is rigidly secured in upper part of plate. Equal-sized angle-pieces with through holes in them are rigidly secured in lower part of plate. Palms are articulated in holes on axles; palms are provided with stoppers which are rigidly secured in butt part and underneath. Stoppers are made in form of cylindrical rods received by slots of locking washer. Locking washer is made in form of plate with through hole in center. Holding rope is passed through interior of shank, hole of rectangular plate and hole of locking washer and is locked with stopper.
EFFECT: facilitated procedure of manufacture; ease of servicing.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building. Floating dock section contains pontoon where side towers are installed, ballasting facilities, dock floor with primary framing made as structure of longitudinal and transverse frames, main framing beams resting on it on which beams the decking is placed. The pontoon is divided into central and side ballast compartments by vertical waterproof bulkheads. In the vertical longitudinal pontoon symmetry plane, vertical support bulkhead is installed which bulkhead is made permeable. Relative (to dock width) width of central ballast compartment (size of segment with transverse framing system) is calculated by formula given in description. Longitudinal vertical waterproof bulkheads are placed equally spaced from the vertical support bulkhead. The main framing of the central ballast compartment is executed according to transverse scheme, and the main framing of the side ballast compartments - according to longitudinal scheme.
EFFECT: decreased scuffing of decking in places of framing welding during equipment movement, mainly along dock side towers; reduced pontoon weight; reduced ballast asymmetry and dock tilting.