The way to develop the lunar soil for no-3 and device for its implementation

 

(57) Abstract:

The invention relates to the development of soils by digging machine on the moon. The inventive method is implemented by a fence ground traction means two of the same type traction means, traction gruntsgabalam device, transporting it to the sending device and the subsequent heating of the soil, the separation of the He-3 He-4 and liquefied in the receiving and processing unit and cylinders. When this soil collection exercise chelnokova passages suction head; it is with its cyclic longitudinal movement, and ground transportation is continuous throwing soil to the place of processing. The traction means is made of two identical devices connected by the cable, and groundsamine device is located between the traction means and groundsamine the device is provided with a thrower, and one of the traction means provided with receiving and processing device. 2 S. p. f-crystals, 2 Il.

The invention relates to the development of soils by digging machine on the moon.

A method of obtaining minerals from the soil, including soil collection and transportation for pererabotka device and the transmitting device [2]

As the closest analogue of the proposed method of development of the lunar soil to obtain helium -3 (No-3) and device for its implementation the known method, including sampling of soil, transportation, processing, containing heating of the soil, the separation of No-3 No-4 and breed and liquefaction of No-3, and device development of lunar soil for No-3, including traction, groundsamine, transporting and receiving and processing means (Processes and Energy costs for mining Lunar Helium-3. I. N. Sviatoslavsky, Wisconsin Center for Space Automation and Roboties, 1988, Wi-53706).

The disadvantage of these method and device for its implementation is the high energy intensity of production of the product because of the way let the traction means (in the case of the rolling moon complex) or because of the great length of the transmitting device (in the case of stationary lunar complex).

The purpose of the invention is the reduction of energy intensity of No-3.

The objective is achieved by the fact that the soil samples is chelnokova passes through longitudinal movement protozanova expense, intake depth in one pass no more than 1 m, and transportation of soil continuously throwing it to m is s mechanisms, connected by cable, and groundsamine means placed between the components of the traction means and mechanisms connected with a rope, while transporting means are in the form of thrower and posted on gruntsgabalam tool, and one of the mechanisms traction means mounted receiving and processing means.

In Fig.1 and 2 shows the method of processing lunar soil for No-3 and device for its implementation.

The proposed method is implemented by a fence ground traction means in the form of two identical traction means 1 and 2, the traction gruntsgabalam device 3, the transportation of its transmitter 4 and subsequent heating of the soil, separation of No-3 and Not 4 and liquefaction in the reception-processing device 5 and the cylinder 6. When this soil collection exercise chelnokova passages suction head; it 3 with its longitudinal cyclic movement, and ground transportation is continuous throwing him to the place of processing. The traction means is made of two identical devices 1 and 2, connected by a cable 7, and groundsamine device 3 is located between the traction means 1 and 2 and are connected by a cable 7, Breno receiving and processing device 5.

The method of obtaining No-3 from the lunar soil and device for its implementation is as follows.

One of the most important tasks for the nearest age of life on Earth and in space is to provide reliable, safe, clean energy. Without energy the Earth can provide life 5 billion people living on it now and the more 8-10 billion, which will probably populate the Earth in the 21st century.

Given the limited reserves of oil, gas and coal, with an increase in the intensity of their consumption will increase their cost. In the foreground will be the use of nuclear energy (nuclear fission of the nucleus and nuclear fusion), provided that nezarazene the environment and security of receiving this energy.

Known maloradioaktivnomu controlled thermonuclear fusion of deuterium (D) with helium-3 (No-3) to obtain the normal No-4, protons (P) and with the release of energy, but almost without obtaining radioactive waste than with known and used in the reaction of deuterium and tritium (or lithium).

The original items of this reaction are not radioactive, and the resulting so maloradioaktivnomu that appears enabled

So it's all about getting No-3, which on the Earth is negligible quantity (percent shares on the composition of natural gas).

The results of expeditions to the moon (program, "Apollo"), according to the nearest analogue and according to the project of the University of Wisconsin in the lunar soil (regolith) under the action of the solar wind and cosmic radiation in the absence of the atmosphere over millions of years formed a sufficient number of No-3, which is estimated at 1 kg 1,11 108kg of regolith. To obtain 1 kg No-3 at a depth of 1 m must be processed 76110 m2the surface of the moon.

From these data, processing the surface of the moon, i.e., soil collection, delivery and receipt of it does Not-3 is proposed to conduct two ways: by creating a stationary complex, requiring a continuous supply of lunar soil to the complex, and the creation of rolling complex in which the soil samples will be moving traction means by protozanova mechanism, transmitted to the processing device by heating, separation and subsequent reduction of it will get-3. All these operations will be carried out on the traction means.

In the first sluchae the number of transmitting devices (conveyors), who should deliver this ground from all points of the treated surface to a stationary complex, construction of which will have greater weight.

In the second case, the pulling tool itself should bypass all of this cultivated area of the lunar surface, having a width (the width of the traction device) 10 to 30 m, he will need to commit a long way.

Thus, in both cases you will need a high specific energy consumption. In addition, in this case, dramatically increases the weight of the traction means. To avoid this serves to artificially increase much more value capture due to the fact that the traction means consists of two identical units 1 and 2, separated by a distance of the order of 1000 - 5000 m Groundsamine device 3 have similar devices 1 and 2 and connect the cable 7, which is in turn associated with units 1 and 2 and has the ability reciprocating motion between the devices 1 and 2, moving groundsamine device 3. Groundsamine device 3 includes a transmitting device 4 and the thrower 8. When chelnokova the movement of the suction head; it is between 3 devices 1 and 2 is EIT-processing device 5, located on one of the traction of the same device 1 or 2. The process of throwing soil on the moon more profitable than transportation by pipelines, as on the moon gravity is 6 times less than on Earth, and therefore, when the same inputs using throwing, you can cover a large area of the treated surface. Also, when throwing soil on the moon is not spraying and braking of the atmosphere. Throwing is done continuously and sighting through the use of the tilt angle of the barrel thrower. Themselves traction devices 1 and 2 continuously, simultaneously and cyclically moved parallel to each other on the moon's surface, the processing is thus required surface area. After receipt of the soil in receiving and processing device 4 with the help of special equipment is heated to 700-800aboutC. When this stands out Not 3 and Not 4. Using separation are Not separated-3 No-4. No-3 it is liquefied and pumped into containers for delivery to Earth.

At this stage of development (tempretaure) to calculate the economic effect is not possible.

Technical effect in comparison with the prototype is to reduce specific antisabotage the unit when chelnokova movement between the traction devices, i.e. in the increase of surface to be treated and the exception of transporters in the throwing of soil suction head; it is in the receiving-transmitting device.

1. The way to develop the lunar soil for No-3, including soil collection, transportation for processing containing heating of the soil, the separation is Not 3 and Not 4 and breed and liquefaction of No-3, characterized in that the soil samples is chelnokova passes through longitudinal movement protozanova expense, intake depth in one pass no more than 1 m, and transportation of soil continuously throwing him to the place of processing.

2. Device design the lunar soil for No-3, including traction, groundsamine, transporting and receiving and processing means, characterized in that the traction means is designed as two identical mechanisms, connected by cable, and groundsamine means placed between the components of the traction means and mechanisms connected with a rope, while transporting means are in the form of thrower and posted on gruntsgabalam tool, and one of the mechanisms traction means mounted receiving

 

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